Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, J. Wang, and W. Gu, “ACO-based routing and spectrum allocation in flexible bandwidth networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 135–143, 2013.

[CrossRef]

M. Batayneh, D. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, and B. Mukherjee, “On routing and transmission-range determination of multi-bit-rate signals over mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks for carrier Ethernet,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1304–1316, 2011.

[CrossRef]

A. Nag, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Optical network design with mixed line rates and multiple modulation formats,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 466–475, 2010.

[CrossRef]

R. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. Winzer, G. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

[CrossRef]

J. Triay and C. Cervello-Pastor, “An ant-based algorithm for distributed routing and wavelength assignment in dynamic optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 542–552, 2010.

[CrossRef]

Y.-M. Kim, E.-J. Lee, and H.-S. Park, “Ant colony optimization based self-organizing QoS framework in IP networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1074–1076, 2010.

[CrossRef]

B. Chen, G. Rouskas, and R. Dutta, “On hierarchical traffic grooming in WDM networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1226–1238, 2008.

[CrossRef]

S. Balasubramanian and A. Somani, “On path-level traffic grooming strategies in WDM metro optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 11, pp. 91–97, 2008.

[CrossRef]

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, “Sparse regeneration in translucent wavelength-routed optical networks: architecture, network design and wavelength routing,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 39–53, 2005.

[CrossRef]

H. Zhu, H. Zang, K. Zhu, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel generic graph model for traffic grooming in heterogeneous WDM mesh networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 285–299, 2003.

[CrossRef]

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1713–1723, 1999.

[CrossRef]

A. Mokhtar and M. Azizoglu, “Adaptive wavelength routing in all-optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 197–206, 1998.

[CrossRef]

E. Dijkstra, “A note on two problems in connexion with graphs,” Numer. Math., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 269–271, 1959.

[CrossRef]

O. Awwad, A. Al-Fuqaha, and M. Guizani, “Genetic approach for traffic grooming, routing, and wavelength assignment in WDM optical networks with sparse grooming resources,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, vol. 6, 2006, pp. 2447–2452.

X. Li, Y. Aneja, and F. Baki, “Ant colony optimization metaheuristic for the traffic grooming in WDM networks,” in Proc. of the 2nd Int. Conf. on Combinatorial Optimization and Applications, 2008, pp. 235–245.

O. Awwad, A. Al-Fuqaha, and M. Guizani, “Genetic approach for traffic grooming, routing, and wavelength assignment in WDM optical networks with sparse grooming resources,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, vol. 6, 2006, pp. 2447–2452.

A. Mokhtar and M. Azizoglu, “Adaptive wavelength routing in all-optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 197–206, 1998.

[CrossRef]

X. Li, Y. Aneja, and F. Baki, “Ant colony optimization metaheuristic for the traffic grooming in WDM networks,” in Proc. of the 2nd Int. Conf. on Combinatorial Optimization and Applications, 2008, pp. 235–245.

S. Balasubramanian and A. Somani, “On path-level traffic grooming strategies in WDM metro optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 11, pp. 91–97, 2008.

[CrossRef]

R. M. Garlick and R. S. Barr, “Dynamic wavelength routing in WDM networks via ant colony optimization,” in Ant Algorithms: Third Int. Workshop, vol. 2463. Springer-Verlag, 2002, pp. 250–255.

M. Batayneh, D. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, and B. Mukherjee, “On routing and transmission-range determination of multi-bit-rate signals over mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks for carrier Ethernet,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1304–1316, 2011.

[CrossRef]

K. Bhaskaran, J. Triay, and V. Vokkarane, “Dynamic anycast routing and wavelength assignment in WDM networks using ant colony optimization (ACO),” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, 2011, pp. 1–6.

X. Wang, M. Brandt-Pearce, and S. Subramaniam, “Dynamic grooming, routing, and wavelength assignment for real-time optical networks using ant colony optimization,” presented at IEEE GLOBECOM, Atlanta, GA, Dec.2013.

J. Mapisse, P. Cardoso, and J. Monteiro, “Ant colony optimization routing mechanisms with bandwidth sensing,” in EUROCON—Int. Conf. on Computer as a Tool (EUROCON), 2011, pp. 1–4.

J. Pedro, J. Pires, and J. Carvalho, “Distributed routing path optimization for OBS networks based on ant colony optimization,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009, pp. 1–7.

J. Triay and C. Cervello-Pastor, “An ant-based algorithm for distributed routing and wavelength assignment in dynamic optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 542–552, 2010.

[CrossRef]

B. Chen, G. Rouskas, and R. Dutta, “On hierarchical traffic grooming in WDM networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1226–1238, 2008.

[CrossRef]

A. Colorni, M. Dorigo, and V. Maniezzo, “Distributed optimization by ant colonies,” in Proc. of the First European Conf. on Artificial Life, vol. 142, 1991, pp. 134–142.

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1713–1723, 1999.

[CrossRef]

G. Di Caro and M. Dorigo, “Mobile agents for adaptive routing,” in Proc. of the Thirty-First Hawaii Int. Conf. on System Sciences, vol. 7, 1998, pp. 74–83.

E. Dijkstra, “A note on two problems in connexion with graphs,” Numer. Math., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 269–271, 1959.

[CrossRef]

G. Di Caro and M. Dorigo, “Mobile agents for adaptive routing,” in Proc. of the Thirty-First Hawaii Int. Conf. on System Sciences, vol. 7, 1998, pp. 74–83.

A. Colorni, M. Dorigo, and V. Maniezzo, “Distributed optimization by ant colonies,” in Proc. of the First European Conf. on Artificial Life, vol. 142, 1991, pp. 134–142.

B. Chen, G. Rouskas, and R. Dutta, “On hierarchical traffic grooming in WDM networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1226–1238, 2008.

[CrossRef]

R. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. Winzer, G. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

[CrossRef]

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1713–1723, 1999.

[CrossRef]

R. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. Winzer, G. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

[CrossRef]

R. M. Garlick and R. S. Barr, “Dynamic wavelength routing in WDM networks via ant colony optimization,” in Ant Algorithms: Third Int. Workshop, vol. 2463. Springer-Verlag, 2002, pp. 250–255.

R. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. Winzer, G. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, J. Wang, and W. Gu, “ACO-based routing and spectrum allocation in flexible bandwidth networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 135–143, 2013.

[CrossRef]

O. Awwad, A. Al-Fuqaha, and M. Guizani, “Genetic approach for traffic grooming, routing, and wavelength assignment in WDM optical networks with sparse grooming resources,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, vol. 6, 2006, pp. 2447–2452.

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1713–1723, 1999.

[CrossRef]

M. Batayneh, D. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, and B. Mukherjee, “On routing and transmission-range determination of multi-bit-rate signals over mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks for carrier Ethernet,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1304–1316, 2011.

[CrossRef]

S.-H. Ngo, X. Jiang, and S. Horiguchi, “Adaptive routing and wavelength assignment using ant-based algorithm,” in Proc. 12th IEEE Int. Conf. on Networks, vol. 2, 2004, pp. 482–486.

S.-H. Ngo, X. Jiang, and S. Horiguchi, “Adaptive routing and wavelength assignment using ant-based algorithm,” in Proc. 12th IEEE Int. Conf. on Networks, vol. 2, 2004, pp. 482–486.

Y.-M. Kim, E.-J. Lee, and H.-S. Park, “Ant colony optimization based self-organizing QoS framework in IP networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1074–1076, 2010.

[CrossRef]

M. Batayneh, D. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, and B. Mukherjee, “On routing and transmission-range determination of multi-bit-rate signals over mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks for carrier Ethernet,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1304–1316, 2011.

[CrossRef]

R. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. Winzer, G. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

[CrossRef]

Y.-M. Kim, E.-J. Lee, and H.-S. Park, “Ant colony optimization based self-organizing QoS framework in IP networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1074–1076, 2010.

[CrossRef]

X. Li, Y. Aneja, and F. Baki, “Ant colony optimization metaheuristic for the traffic grooming in WDM networks,” in Proc. of the 2nd Int. Conf. on Combinatorial Optimization and Applications, 2008, pp. 235–245.

A. Colorni, M. Dorigo, and V. Maniezzo, “Distributed optimization by ant colonies,” in Proc. of the First European Conf. on Artificial Life, vol. 142, 1991, pp. 134–142.

J. Mapisse, P. Cardoso, and J. Monteiro, “Ant colony optimization routing mechanisms with bandwidth sensing,” in EUROCON—Int. Conf. on Computer as a Tool (EUROCON), 2011, pp. 1–4.

A. Mokhtar and M. Azizoglu, “Adaptive wavelength routing in all-optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 197–206, 1998.

[CrossRef]

J. Mapisse, P. Cardoso, and J. Monteiro, “Ant colony optimization routing mechanisms with bandwidth sensing,” in EUROCON—Int. Conf. on Computer as a Tool (EUROCON), 2011, pp. 1–4.

M. Batayneh, D. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, and B. Mukherjee, “On routing and transmission-range determination of multi-bit-rate signals over mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks for carrier Ethernet,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1304–1316, 2011.

[CrossRef]

A. Nag, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Optical network design with mixed line rates and multiple modulation formats,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 466–475, 2010.

[CrossRef]

H. Zhu, H. Zang, K. Zhu, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel generic graph model for traffic grooming in heterogeneous WDM mesh networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 285–299, 2003.

[CrossRef]

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1713–1723, 1999.

[CrossRef]

S.-H. Ngo, X. Jiang, and S. Horiguchi, “Adaptive routing and wavelength assignment using ant-based algorithm,” in Proc. 12th IEEE Int. Conf. on Networks, vol. 2, 2004, pp. 482–486.

Y.-M. Kim, E.-J. Lee, and H.-S. Park, “Ant colony optimization based self-organizing QoS framework in IP networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1074–1076, 2010.

[CrossRef]

G. Pavani and H. Waldman, “Traffic engineering and restoration in optical packet switching networks by means of ant colony optimization,” in 3rd Int. Conf. on Broadband Communications, Networks and Systems, 2006, pp. 1–10.

J. Pedro, J. Pires, and J. Carvalho, “Distributed routing path optimization for OBS networks based on ant colony optimization,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009, pp. 1–7.

J. Pedro, J. Pires, and J. Carvalho, “Distributed routing path optimization for OBS networks based on ant colony optimization,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009, pp. 1–7.

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, “Sparse regeneration in translucent wavelength-routed optical networks: architecture, network design and wavelength routing,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 39–53, 2005.

[CrossRef]

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1713–1723, 1999.

[CrossRef]

B. Chen, G. Rouskas, and R. Dutta, “On hierarchical traffic grooming in WDM networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1226–1238, 2008.

[CrossRef]

M. Batayneh, D. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, and B. Mukherjee, “On routing and transmission-range determination of multi-bit-rate signals over mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks for carrier Ethernet,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1304–1316, 2011.

[CrossRef]

S. Balasubramanian and A. Somani, “On path-level traffic grooming strategies in WDM metro optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 11, pp. 91–97, 2008.

[CrossRef]

X. Wang, M. Brandt-Pearce, and S. Subramaniam, “Dynamic grooming, routing, and wavelength assignment for real-time optical networks using ant colony optimization,” presented at IEEE GLOBECOM, Atlanta, GA, Dec.2013.

J. Triay and C. Cervello-Pastor, “An ant-based algorithm for distributed routing and wavelength assignment in dynamic optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 542–552, 2010.

[CrossRef]

K. Bhaskaran, J. Triay, and V. Vokkarane, “Dynamic anycast routing and wavelength assignment in WDM networks using ant colony optimization (ACO),” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, 2011, pp. 1–6.

K. Bhaskaran, J. Triay, and V. Vokkarane, “Dynamic anycast routing and wavelength assignment in WDM networks using ant colony optimization (ACO),” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, 2011, pp. 1–6.

G. Pavani and H. Waldman, “Traffic engineering and restoration in optical packet switching networks by means of ant colony optimization,” in 3rd Int. Conf. on Broadband Communications, Networks and Systems, 2006, pp. 1–10.

Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, J. Wang, and W. Gu, “ACO-based routing and spectrum allocation in flexible bandwidth networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 135–143, 2013.

[CrossRef]

X. Wang, M. Brandt-Pearce, and S. Subramaniam, “Dynamic grooming, routing, and wavelength assignment for real-time optical networks using ant colony optimization,” presented at IEEE GLOBECOM, Atlanta, GA, Dec.2013.

Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, J. Wang, and W. Gu, “ACO-based routing and spectrum allocation in flexible bandwidth networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 135–143, 2013.

[CrossRef]

R. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. Winzer, G. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

[CrossRef]

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, “Sparse regeneration in translucent wavelength-routed optical networks: architecture, network design and wavelength routing,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 39–53, 2005.

[CrossRef]

H. Zhu, H. Zang, K. Zhu, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel generic graph model for traffic grooming in heterogeneous WDM mesh networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 285–299, 2003.

[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, J. Wang, and W. Gu, “ACO-based routing and spectrum allocation in flexible bandwidth networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 135–143, 2013.

[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, J. Wang, and W. Gu, “ACO-based routing and spectrum allocation in flexible bandwidth networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 135–143, 2013.

[CrossRef]

H. Zhu, H. Zang, K. Zhu, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel generic graph model for traffic grooming in heterogeneous WDM mesh networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 285–299, 2003.

[CrossRef]

H. Zhu, H. Zang, K. Zhu, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel generic graph model for traffic grooming in heterogeneous WDM mesh networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 285–299, 2003.

[CrossRef]

Y.-M. Kim, E.-J. Lee, and H.-S. Park, “Ant colony optimization based self-organizing QoS framework in IP networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1074–1076, 2010.

[CrossRef]

S. Balasubramanian and A. Somani, “On path-level traffic grooming strategies in WDM metro optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 11, pp. 91–97, 2008.

[CrossRef]

J. Triay and C. Cervello-Pastor, “An ant-based algorithm for distributed routing and wavelength assignment in dynamic optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 542–552, 2010.

[CrossRef]

A. Mokhtar and M. Azizoglu, “Adaptive wavelength routing in all-optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 197–206, 1998.

[CrossRef]

H. Zhu, H. Zang, K. Zhu, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel generic graph model for traffic grooming in heterogeneous WDM mesh networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 285–299, 2003.

[CrossRef]

M. Batayneh, D. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, and B. Mukherjee, “On routing and transmission-range determination of multi-bit-rate signals over mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks for carrier Ethernet,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1304–1316, 2011.

[CrossRef]

B. Chen, G. Rouskas, and R. Dutta, “On hierarchical traffic grooming in WDM networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1226–1238, 2008.

[CrossRef]

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1713–1723, 1999.

[CrossRef]

A. Nag, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Optical network design with mixed line rates and multiple modulation formats,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 466–475, 2010.

[CrossRef]

R. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. Winzer, G. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 662–701, 2010.

[CrossRef]

E. Dijkstra, “A note on two problems in connexion with graphs,” Numer. Math., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 269–271, 1959.

[CrossRef]

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, “Sparse regeneration in translucent wavelength-routed optical networks: architecture, network design and wavelength routing,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 39–53, 2005.

[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, J. Wang, and W. Gu, “ACO-based routing and spectrum allocation in flexible bandwidth networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 135–143, 2013.

[CrossRef]

G. Pavani and H. Waldman, “Traffic engineering and restoration in optical packet switching networks by means of ant colony optimization,” in 3rd Int. Conf. on Broadband Communications, Networks and Systems, 2006, pp. 1–10.

X. Li, Y. Aneja, and F. Baki, “Ant colony optimization metaheuristic for the traffic grooming in WDM networks,” in Proc. of the 2nd Int. Conf. on Combinatorial Optimization and Applications, 2008, pp. 235–245.

X. Wang, M. Brandt-Pearce, and S. Subramaniam, “Dynamic grooming, routing, and wavelength assignment for real-time optical networks using ant colony optimization,” presented at IEEE GLOBECOM, Atlanta, GA, Dec.2013.

O. Awwad, A. Al-Fuqaha, and M. Guizani, “Genetic approach for traffic grooming, routing, and wavelength assignment in WDM optical networks with sparse grooming resources,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, vol. 6, 2006, pp. 2447–2452.

J. Mapisse, P. Cardoso, and J. Monteiro, “Ant colony optimization routing mechanisms with bandwidth sensing,” in EUROCON—Int. Conf. on Computer as a Tool (EUROCON), 2011, pp. 1–4.

A. Colorni, M. Dorigo, and V. Maniezzo, “Distributed optimization by ant colonies,” in Proc. of the First European Conf. on Artificial Life, vol. 142, 1991, pp. 134–142.

G. Di Caro and M. Dorigo, “Mobile agents for adaptive routing,” in Proc. of the Thirty-First Hawaii Int. Conf. on System Sciences, vol. 7, 1998, pp. 74–83.

J. Pedro, J. Pires, and J. Carvalho, “Distributed routing path optimization for OBS networks based on ant colony optimization,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009, pp. 1–7.

R. M. Garlick and R. S. Barr, “Dynamic wavelength routing in WDM networks via ant colony optimization,” in Ant Algorithms: Third Int. Workshop, vol. 2463. Springer-Verlag, 2002, pp. 250–255.

S.-H. Ngo, X. Jiang, and S. Horiguchi, “Adaptive routing and wavelength assignment using ant-based algorithm,” in Proc. 12th IEEE Int. Conf. on Networks, vol. 2, 2004, pp. 482–486.

K. Bhaskaran, J. Triay, and V. Vokkarane, “Dynamic anycast routing and wavelength assignment in WDM networks using ant colony optimization (ACO),” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, 2011, pp. 1–6.