Abstract

Network coding (NC) implemented in passive optical networks (PONs) holds great promise due to the localization trends of emerging applications and services, which occur between the optical network units (ONUs) of the same PON interface. Traffic locality can be provided by inter-ONU flows, such as video-on-demand, peer-to-peer file sharing, and mobile device-to-device communications. Meanwhile, the latest draft standard on PON—service interoperability Ethernet passive optical network (SIEPON) IEEE P1904.1—provides a means to ensure energy efficiency and quality of service (QoS) in EPON. In this paper, we propose an NC-based SIEPON system (NC-SIEPON) to improve its energy efficiency and network performance. Based on the proposed system structure, an NC-based dynamic hybrid scheduling scheme is designed to efficiently support multiclass QoS. In addition, we combine NC with a power-saving mechanism to maximize the NC efficiency and to minimize the power consumption of the network. By means of simulations, we show that by introducing NC the network performance of the proposed NC-SIEPON in terms of downstream delay, throughput, packet loss ratio, and energy efficiency is improved significantly compared with the original SIEPON.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  5. K. Miller, T. Biermann, H. Woesner, and H. Karl, “Network coding in passive optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. on Network Coding, Toronto, ON, Canada, June 2010, pp. 1–6.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Nishihara, M. Hajduczenia, H. Mukai, H. Elbakoury, R. Hirth, M. Kimura, and M. Kato, “Power-saving methods with guaranteed service interoperability in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 110–117, 2012.
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    [CrossRef]
  23. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. H. Ye, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  1, no. 8/9, pp. 280–298, Aug. 2002.
  24. S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” , Dec. 1998.
  25. K. Kanonakis, J. J. Zhang, N. Cvijetic, L. Tomkos, and T. Wang, “1G/10G-EPON compliant mechanism combining ONU energy efficiency with QoS performance,” in Proc. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2012, pp. 1–3.
  26. K. Christensen, P. Reviriego, B. Nordman, M. Bennett, M. Mostowfi, and J. A. Maestro, “IEEE 802.3az: The road to energy efficient Ethernet,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 11, pp. 50–56, Nov. 2010.
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

J. Kani, “Power saving technologies and mechanisms for optical access networks systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 4, pp. 563–570, 2013.
[CrossRef]

P. Wei, R. Gu, and Y. Ji, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for next-generation time division multiplexing passive optical networks with network coding,” Opt. Eng., vol.  52, no. 8, 086108, 2013.
[CrossRef]

2012 (6)

G. Kramer, L. Khermosh, F. Daiodo, A. Brown, H. Yoon, K.-I. Suzuki, and W. Bo, “The IEEE P1904.1 standard: SIEPON architecture and model,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 98–108, 2012.
[CrossRef]

J. Stribling, V. Arunarthi, C. Knittle, D. Murayama, and M. Emmendorfer, “Implementing QoS in SIEPON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 128–135, 2012.
[CrossRef]

S. Nishihara, M. Hajduczenia, H. Mukai, H. Elbakoury, R. Hirth, M. Kimura, and M. Kato, “Power-saving methods with guaranteed service interoperability in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 110–117, 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez-Perez, S. Herrería-Alonso, M. Fernandez-Veiga, and C. López-García, “Improving energy efficiency in upstream EPON channels by packet coalescing,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  60, no. 4, pp. 929–932, 2012.
[CrossRef]

K. L. Lee, B. Sedighi, R. S. Tucker, C. H. K. Chow, and P. Vetter, “Energy efficiency of optical transceivers in fiber access networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 9, pp. A59–A68, Sept. 2012.
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, K. Fouli, R. Kang, and M. Maier, “Network coding based energy management for next-generation passive optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 6, pp. 864–875, 2012.
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

K. Fouli, M. Maier, and M. Médard, “Network coding in next-generation passive optical networks (NG-PONs),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 9, pp. 38–46, 2011.
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and demonstration of sleep and adaptive link rate control mechanisms for energy efficient 10G-EPON,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  2, no. 9, pp. 716–729, Sept. 2010.
[CrossRef]

E. D. Manley, J. S. Deogun, L. Xu, and D. R. Alexander, “All-optical network coding,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  2, no. 4, pp. 175–191, Apr. 2010.
[CrossRef]

K. Christensen, P. Reviriego, B. Nordman, M. Bennett, M. Mostowfi, and J. A. Maestro, “IEEE 802.3az: The road to energy efficient Ethernet,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 11, pp. 50–56, Nov. 2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Bodson, “Ethernet passive optical networks—A new communications standard,” IEEE Veh. Technol. Mag., vol.  5, no. 2, pp. 49–50, 2010.

2002 (2)

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 89–107, 2002.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. H. Ye, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  1, no. 8/9, pp. 280–298, Aug. 2002.

Alexander, D. R.

Arunarthi, V.

J. Stribling, V. Arunarthi, C. Knittle, D. Murayama, and M. Emmendorfer, “Implementing QoS in SIEPON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 128–135, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Belzner, M.

M. Belzner and H. Haunstein, “Network coding in passive optical networks,” in European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Vienna, Austria, Sept. 2009, pp. 1–2.

Bennett, M.

K. Christensen, P. Reviriego, B. Nordman, M. Bennett, M. Mostowfi, and J. A. Maestro, “IEEE 802.3az: The road to energy efficient Ethernet,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 11, pp. 50–56, Nov. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Biermann, T.

K. Miller, T. Biermann, H. Woesner, and H. Karl, “Network coding in passive optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. on Network Coding, Toronto, ON, Canada, June 2010, pp. 1–6.

Black, D.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” , Dec. 1998.

Blake, S.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” , Dec. 1998.

Bo, W.

G. Kramer, L. Khermosh, F. Daiodo, A. Brown, H. Yoon, K.-I. Suzuki, and W. Bo, “The IEEE P1904.1 standard: SIEPON architecture and model,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 98–108, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Bodson, D.

D. Bodson, “Ethernet passive optical networks—A new communications standard,” IEEE Veh. Technol. Mag., vol.  5, no. 2, pp. 49–50, 2010.

Brown, A.

G. Kramer, L. Khermosh, F. Daiodo, A. Brown, H. Yoon, K.-I. Suzuki, and W. Bo, “The IEEE P1904.1 standard: SIEPON architecture and model,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 98–108, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Carlson, M.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” , Dec. 1998.

Chow, C. H. K.

Christensen, K.

K. Christensen, P. Reviriego, B. Nordman, M. Bennett, M. Mostowfi, and J. A. Maestro, “IEEE 802.3az: The road to energy efficient Ethernet,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 11, pp. 50–56, Nov. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Cvijetic, N.

K. Kanonakis, J. J. Zhang, N. Cvijetic, L. Tomkos, and T. Wang, “1G/10G-EPON compliant mechanism combining ONU energy efficiency with QoS performance,” in Proc. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2012, pp. 1–3.

Daiodo, F.

G. Kramer, L. Khermosh, F. Daiodo, A. Brown, H. Yoon, K.-I. Suzuki, and W. Bo, “The IEEE P1904.1 standard: SIEPON architecture and model,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 98–108, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Davies, E.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” , Dec. 1998.

Deogun, J. S.

Dhaini, A. R.

A. R. Dhaini, P.-H. Ho, G. X. Shen, and B. Shihada, “Energy efficiency in TDMA-based next-generation passive optical access networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., to be published.

Dixit, S.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. H. Ye, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  1, no. 8/9, pp. 280–298, Aug. 2002.

Elbakoury, H.

S. Nishihara, M. Hajduczenia, H. Mukai, H. Elbakoury, R. Hirth, M. Kimura, and M. Kato, “Power-saving methods with guaranteed service interoperability in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 110–117, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Emmendorfer, M.

J. Stribling, V. Arunarthi, C. Knittle, D. Murayama, and M. Emmendorfer, “Implementing QoS in SIEPON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 128–135, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Fernandez-Veiga, M.

M. Rodriguez-Perez, S. Herrería-Alonso, M. Fernandez-Veiga, and C. López-García, “Improving energy efficiency in upstream EPON channels by packet coalescing,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  60, no. 4, pp. 929–932, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Fouli, K.

X. Liu, K. Fouli, R. Kang, and M. Maier, “Network coding based energy management for next-generation passive optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 6, pp. 864–875, 2012.
[CrossRef]

K. Fouli, M. Maier, and M. Médard, “Network coding in next-generation passive optical networks (NG-PONs),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 9, pp. 38–46, 2011.
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

Ghazisaidi, N.

M. Maier and N. Ghazisaidi, FiWi Access Networks. Cambridge University, 2012.

Green, P. E.

P. E. Green, Fiber to the Home—The New Empowerment. New York: Wiley, 2006.

Gu, R.

P. Wei, R. Gu, and Y. Ji, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for next-generation time division multiplexing passive optical networks with network coding,” Opt. Eng., vol.  52, no. 8, 086108, 2013.
[CrossRef]

Hadama, H.

Hajduczenia, M.

S. Nishihara, M. Hajduczenia, H. Mukai, H. Elbakoury, R. Hirth, M. Kimura, and M. Kato, “Power-saving methods with guaranteed service interoperability in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 110–117, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Haunstein, H.

M. Belzner and H. Haunstein, “Network coding in passive optical networks,” in European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Vienna, Austria, Sept. 2009, pp. 1–2.

Herrería-Alonso, S.

M. Rodriguez-Perez, S. Herrería-Alonso, M. Fernandez-Veiga, and C. López-García, “Improving energy efficiency in upstream EPON channels by packet coalescing,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  60, no. 4, pp. 929–932, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Hirth, R.

S. Nishihara, M. Hajduczenia, H. Mukai, H. Elbakoury, R. Hirth, M. Kimura, and M. Kato, “Power-saving methods with guaranteed service interoperability in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 110–117, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Ho, P.-H.

A. R. Dhaini, P.-H. Ho, G. X. Shen, and B. Shihada, “Energy efficiency in TDMA-based next-generation passive optical access networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., to be published.

Ji, Y.

P. Wei, R. Gu, and Y. Ji, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for next-generation time division multiplexing passive optical networks with network coding,” Opt. Eng., vol.  52, no. 8, 086108, 2013.
[CrossRef]

Kang, R.

Kani, J.

Kanonakis, K.

K. Kanonakis, J. J. Zhang, N. Cvijetic, L. Tomkos, and T. Wang, “1G/10G-EPON compliant mechanism combining ONU energy efficiency with QoS performance,” in Proc. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2012, pp. 1–3.

Karl, H.

K. Miller, T. Biermann, H. Woesner, and H. Karl, “Network coding in passive optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. on Network Coding, Toronto, ON, Canada, June 2010, pp. 1–6.

Kato, M.

S. Nishihara, M. Hajduczenia, H. Mukai, H. Elbakoury, R. Hirth, M. Kimura, and M. Kato, “Power-saving methods with guaranteed service interoperability in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 110–117, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Khermosh, L.

G. Kramer, L. Khermosh, F. Daiodo, A. Brown, H. Yoon, K.-I. Suzuki, and W. Bo, “The IEEE P1904.1 standard: SIEPON architecture and model,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 98–108, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Kimura, M.

S. Nishihara, M. Hajduczenia, H. Mukai, H. Elbakoury, R. Hirth, M. Kimura, and M. Kato, “Power-saving methods with guaranteed service interoperability in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 110–117, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Knittle, C.

J. Stribling, V. Arunarthi, C. Knittle, D. Murayama, and M. Emmendorfer, “Implementing QoS in SIEPON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 128–135, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Kramer, G.

G. Kramer, L. Khermosh, F. Daiodo, A. Brown, H. Yoon, K.-I. Suzuki, and W. Bo, “The IEEE P1904.1 standard: SIEPON architecture and model,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 98–108, 2012.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 89–107, 2002.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. H. Ye, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  1, no. 8/9, pp. 280–298, Aug. 2002.

G. Kramer, “Present state of standards for Ethernet PON systems,” in Proc. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2011, pp. 1–3.

Kubo, R.

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and demonstration of sleep and adaptive link rate control mechanisms for energy efficient 10G-EPON,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  2, no. 9, pp. 716–729, Sept. 2010.
[CrossRef]

R. Kubo, M. Tadokoro, H. Nomura, H. Ujikawa, S. Nishihara, K. Suzuki, and N. Yoshimoto, “Bandwidth scheduling techniques in TDM-PON supporting inter-ONU communication with network coding for smart grid applications,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, Ottawa, Canada, 2012, pp. 3206–3211.

Lee, K. L.

Liu, X.

López-García, C.

M. Rodriguez-Perez, S. Herrería-Alonso, M. Fernandez-Veiga, and C. López-García, “Improving energy efficiency in upstream EPON channels by packet coalescing,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  60, no. 4, pp. 929–932, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Maestro, J. A.

K. Christensen, P. Reviriego, B. Nordman, M. Bennett, M. Mostowfi, and J. A. Maestro, “IEEE 802.3az: The road to energy efficient Ethernet,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 11, pp. 50–56, Nov. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Maier, M.

X. Liu, K. Fouli, R. Kang, and M. Maier, “Network coding based energy management for next-generation passive optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 6, pp. 864–875, 2012.
[CrossRef]

K. Fouli, M. Maier, and M. Médard, “Network coding in next-generation passive optical networks (NG-PONs),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 9, pp. 38–46, 2011.
[CrossRef]

M. Maier and N. Ghazisaidi, FiWi Access Networks. Cambridge University, 2012.

Manley, E. D.

Médard, M.

K. Fouli, M. Maier, and M. Médard, “Network coding in next-generation passive optical networks (NG-PONs),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 9, pp. 38–46, 2011.
[CrossRef]

Miller, K.

K. Miller, T. Biermann, H. Woesner, and H. Karl, “Network coding in passive optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. on Network Coding, Toronto, ON, Canada, June 2010, pp. 1–6.

Mostowfi, M.

K. Christensen, P. Reviriego, B. Nordman, M. Bennett, M. Mostowfi, and J. A. Maestro, “IEEE 802.3az: The road to energy efficient Ethernet,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 11, pp. 50–56, Nov. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Mukai, H.

S. Nishihara, M. Hajduczenia, H. Mukai, H. Elbakoury, R. Hirth, M. Kimura, and M. Kato, “Power-saving methods with guaranteed service interoperability in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 110–117, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, B.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 89–107, 2002.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. H. Ye, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  1, no. 8/9, pp. 280–298, Aug. 2002.

Murayama, D.

J. Stribling, V. Arunarthi, C. Knittle, D. Murayama, and M. Emmendorfer, “Implementing QoS in SIEPON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 128–135, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Nishihara, S.

S. Nishihara, M. Hajduczenia, H. Mukai, H. Elbakoury, R. Hirth, M. Kimura, and M. Kato, “Power-saving methods with guaranteed service interoperability in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 110–117, 2012.
[CrossRef]

R. Kubo, M. Tadokoro, H. Nomura, H. Ujikawa, S. Nishihara, K. Suzuki, and N. Yoshimoto, “Bandwidth scheduling techniques in TDM-PON supporting inter-ONU communication with network coding for smart grid applications,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, Ottawa, Canada, 2012, pp. 3206–3211.

Nomura, H.

R. Kubo, M. Tadokoro, H. Nomura, H. Ujikawa, S. Nishihara, K. Suzuki, and N. Yoshimoto, “Bandwidth scheduling techniques in TDM-PON supporting inter-ONU communication with network coding for smart grid applications,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, Ottawa, Canada, 2012, pp. 3206–3211.

Nordman, B.

K. Christensen, P. Reviriego, B. Nordman, M. Bennett, M. Mostowfi, and J. A. Maestro, “IEEE 802.3az: The road to energy efficient Ethernet,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 11, pp. 50–56, Nov. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Pesavento, G.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 89–107, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Reviriego, P.

K. Christensen, P. Reviriego, B. Nordman, M. Bennett, M. Mostowfi, and J. A. Maestro, “IEEE 802.3az: The road to energy efficient Ethernet,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 11, pp. 50–56, Nov. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez-Perez, M.

M. Rodriguez-Perez, S. Herrería-Alonso, M. Fernandez-Veiga, and C. López-García, “Improving energy efficiency in upstream EPON channels by packet coalescing,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  60, no. 4, pp. 929–932, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, T.

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A. R. Dhaini, P.-H. Ho, G. X. Shen, and B. Shihada, “Energy efficiency in TDMA-based next-generation passive optical access networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., to be published.

Shihada, B.

A. R. Dhaini, P.-H. Ho, G. X. Shen, and B. Shihada, “Energy efficiency in TDMA-based next-generation passive optical access networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., to be published.

Stribling, J.

J. Stribling, V. Arunarthi, C. Knittle, D. Murayama, and M. Emmendorfer, “Implementing QoS in SIEPON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 128–135, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, K.

R. Kubo, M. Tadokoro, H. Nomura, H. Ujikawa, S. Nishihara, K. Suzuki, and N. Yoshimoto, “Bandwidth scheduling techniques in TDM-PON supporting inter-ONU communication with network coding for smart grid applications,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, Ottawa, Canada, 2012, pp. 3206–3211.

Suzuki, K.-I.

G. Kramer, L. Khermosh, F. Daiodo, A. Brown, H. Yoon, K.-I. Suzuki, and W. Bo, “The IEEE P1904.1 standard: SIEPON architecture and model,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 98–108, 2012.
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Tadokoro, M.

R. Kubo, M. Tadokoro, H. Nomura, H. Ujikawa, S. Nishihara, K. Suzuki, and N. Yoshimoto, “Bandwidth scheduling techniques in TDM-PON supporting inter-ONU communication with network coding for smart grid applications,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, Ottawa, Canada, 2012, pp. 3206–3211.

Tomkos, L.

K. Kanonakis, J. J. Zhang, N. Cvijetic, L. Tomkos, and T. Wang, “1G/10G-EPON compliant mechanism combining ONU energy efficiency with QoS performance,” in Proc. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2012, pp. 1–3.

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R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and demonstration of sleep and adaptive link rate control mechanisms for energy efficient 10G-EPON,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  2, no. 9, pp. 716–729, Sept. 2010.
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K. Kanonakis, J. J. Zhang, N. Cvijetic, L. Tomkos, and T. Wang, “1G/10G-EPON compliant mechanism combining ONU energy efficiency with QoS performance,” in Proc. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2012, pp. 1–3.

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S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” , Dec. 1998.

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P. Wei, R. Gu, and Y. Ji, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for next-generation time division multiplexing passive optical networks with network coding,” Opt. Eng., vol.  52, no. 8, 086108, 2013.
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S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” , Dec. 1998.

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K. Miller, T. Biermann, H. Woesner, and H. Karl, “Network coding in passive optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. on Network Coding, Toronto, ON, Canada, June 2010, pp. 1–6.

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G. Kramer, L. Khermosh, F. Daiodo, A. Brown, H. Yoon, K.-I. Suzuki, and W. Bo, “The IEEE P1904.1 standard: SIEPON architecture and model,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 9, pp. 98–108, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Yoshimoto, N.

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and demonstration of sleep and adaptive link rate control mechanisms for energy efficient 10G-EPON,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  2, no. 9, pp. 716–729, Sept. 2010.
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Zhang, J. J.

K. Kanonakis, J. J. Zhang, N. Cvijetic, L. Tomkos, and T. Wang, “1G/10G-EPON compliant mechanism combining ONU energy efficiency with QoS performance,” in Proc. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2012, pp. 1–3.

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K. Fouli, M. Maier, and M. Médard, “Network coding in next-generation passive optical networks (NG-PONs),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 9, pp. 38–46, 2011.
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[CrossRef]

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M. Rodriguez-Perez, S. Herrería-Alonso, M. Fernandez-Veiga, and C. López-García, “Improving energy efficiency in upstream EPON channels by packet coalescing,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  60, no. 4, pp. 929–932, 2012.
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Opt. Eng. (1)

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G. Kramer, “Present state of standards for Ethernet PON systems,” in Proc. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2011, pp. 1–3.

R. Kubo, M. Tadokoro, H. Nomura, H. Ujikawa, S. Nishihara, K. Suzuki, and N. Yoshimoto, “Bandwidth scheduling techniques in TDM-PON supporting inter-ONU communication with network coding for smart grid applications,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, Ottawa, Canada, 2012, pp. 3206–3211.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” , Dec. 1998.

K. Kanonakis, J. J. Zhang, N. Cvijetic, L. Tomkos, and T. Wang, “1G/10G-EPON compliant mechanism combining ONU energy efficiency with QoS performance,” in Proc. Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2012, pp. 1–3.

A. R. Dhaini, P.-H. Ho, G. X. Shen, and B. Shihada, “Energy efficiency in TDMA-based next-generation passive optical access networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., to be published.

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M. Belzner and H. Haunstein, “Network coding in passive optical networks,” in European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Vienna, Austria, Sept. 2009, pp. 1–2.

K. Miller, T. Biermann, H. Woesner, and H. Karl, “Network coding in passive optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. on Network Coding, Toronto, ON, Canada, June 2010, pp. 1–6.

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Implementation of NC in PONs. (a) Without NC in PONs. (b) With NC in PONs.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Unified data path structure.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

SIEPON logical architecture supporting multicast and multiservice traffic.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Packet and bandwidth hybrid scheduling process.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Bandwidth request for implementing QoS.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Bandwidth allocation for implementing QoS.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Power-saving mechanism combined with NC.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Downstream end-to-end delay of SIEPON for different services with and without NC.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Throughput of SIEPON for different services with and without NC.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Packet loss ratio of SIEPON with and without NC.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

NC efficiency per polling cycle.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

ECR of OLT’s transmitter and receiver per polling cycle with and without NC.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

ECR of ONUs’ transmitter and receiver per polling cycle with and without NC.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

TABLE I Parameter Definitions

Tables Icon

Algorithm 1 NC-Based Differentiated QoS Scheduling Mechanism

Tables Icon

TABLE II Simulation Scenario

Equations (13)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

tNG,1=t0+TDBA,
tNG,i=t0+TDBA+k=2i(TG+TNDP,k)(i>1).
tR,1=max{tNG,1+2Tdelay+TG,tPR,n+TR+TUP,n},
tR,i=max{tNG,i+2Tdelay+TG,tR,i1+TR+TUP,i1}(i>1).
Tcycle=max{tR,n+TR+TUP,nt0,tNG,n+TG+TNDP,n+Tnct0}.
Rtotal=mREF+nRAF+sRBE,
GiEF=REF,
tidown=LidownR+TR+Ts+Ta,
tiup=LiupR+TG+Ts+Ta,
ηnc=i=1i(te_nc,its_nc,i)nLncR×100%,(i1),
ECR=TactiveTsleep+Tactive×100%,
Ta-olt=tdownt0+Tnc+Ts+TaTcycle,
Ta-onu=tG,i+1tG,i+te_nc,its_nc,i+Ts+TaTcycle,(i1),