Abstract

We introduce a next-generation long-reach access optical network (35 dB loss budget +2dB margin) delivering up to 40G/40G per passive 1256 optical distribution network, supporting symmetrical 1Gb/s rates per home user or up to 40Gb/s for business users (e.g., enterprises, antenna sites). The proposed system is based on a novel spectrally efficient orthogonal frequency division multiplexing/wavelength division multiplexing OFDM/WDM architecture symmetrically using 16-QAM OFDM polarization diversity in both the downstream and upstream in order to serve low-cost energy-efficient symmetric 1Gb/s optical network units (ONUs), which are self-coherent, laserless, colorless, and tunable-filter-free. Each ONU comprises a standard semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA), a silicon-based photonic integrated circuit (PIC), and mixed-signal electronic integrated circuits (ICs) performing the signal processing at a relatively slow rate as compared with the overall passive optical network (PON) throughput: digital to analog converters (DACs) and analog to digital converters (ADCs) at 417MS/s for the home user ONUs.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. Vetter, “Next generation optical access technologies,” in ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.3.G.1.
  2. J. Xu, A. Ali, C. Ruprecht, J. Von Hoyningen-Huene, J. Zhao, J. Leibrich, and W. Rosenkranz, “OFDM remodulation for 10-Gb/s/channel WDM-PON with simple carrier extraction and enhanced tolerance to Rayleigh noise,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 53–55.
  3. C. Ruprecht and W. Rosenkranz, “OFDMA based PONs with reduced hardware requirements through advanced signal processing,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2012, pp. 1–4.
  4. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  28, no. 6, pp. 800–807, 2010.
  5. L. Mehedy, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, and E. Skafidas, “Scalable and spectrally efficient long-reach optical access networks employing frequency interleaved directly detected optical OFDM,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  3, no. 11, pp. 881–890, 2011.
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, and M. Nazarathy, “Remote heterodyne direct detection of OFDM-QPSK as downlink-solution for future access networks,” in ANIC, 2012, pp. 3–4.
  7. N. Cvijetic, “OFDM for next-generation optical access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 4, pp. 384–398, 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Wang, N. Zou, Z. Kang, J. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Research on next-generation 40 Gbit/s OFDM-PON employing OOK modulated upstream signals,” in IET Int. Conf. on Communication Technology and Application (ICCTA), 2011, pp. 942–945.
  9. B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “Reflective polarisation independent Mach–Zenhder modulator for FDMA/OFDMA PON,” Electron. Lett., vol.  46, no. 25, pp. 1682–1683, 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Cvijetic, “The ‘five W’s’ of OFDM for optical access: What, why, where, when and how?” in Access Networks and In-house Communications, 2011, pp. 3–4.
  11. C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Advances in access networks—From long-reach (LR) to short-reach (SR), and from TDM/WDM to OFDM,” in 21st Annu. Wireless and Optical Communications Conf. (WOCC), 2012, pp. 22–24.
  12. D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 4, pp. 484–493, Feb. 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Kanonakis, I. Tomkos, T. Pfeiffer, J. Prat, and P. Kourtessis, “ACCORDANCE: A novel OFDMA-PON paradigm for ultra-high capacity converged wireline-wireless access networks,” in 12th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Munich, 2010.
  14. B. Charbonnier and A. Lebreton, “Self-coherent single wavelength SC-FDMA PON uplink for NG-PON2,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 51–53.
  15. N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Wang, “Coherent 40 Gb/s OFDMA-PON for long-reach (100+ km) high-split ratio (>1:64) optical access/metro networks,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 11–13.
  16. D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1265–1267, Sept. 2009.
  17. Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, K. Ishii, Y. Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, and K. Kitayama, “An energy-efficient and elastic optical multiple access system based on coherent interleaved frequency division multiple access,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  21, no. 10, pp. 1811–1820, 2013.
  18. A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.
  19. W. Shieh, Y. Tang, and B. S. Krongold, “DFT-spread OFDM for optical communications,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Optical Internet (COIN), Jeju, South Korea, 2010.
  20. A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Passive optical network with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” U.S. provisional patent application 61/357,544 (June23, 2010).
  21. E. Laskin, A. Tomkins, A. Balteanu, I. Sarkas, and S. P. Voinigescu, “A 60-GHz RF IQ DAC transceiver with on-die at-speed loopback,” in IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symp., 2011, pp. 1–4.

2013 (1)

Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, K. Ishii, Y. Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, and K. Kitayama, “An energy-efficient and elastic optical multiple access system based on coherent interleaved frequency division multiple access,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  21, no. 10, pp. 1811–1820, 2013.

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  28, no. 6, pp. 800–807, 2010.

B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “Reflective polarisation independent Mach–Zenhder modulator for FDMA/OFDMA PON,” Electron. Lett., vol.  46, no. 25, pp. 1682–1683, 2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 4, pp. 484–493, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1265–1267, Sept. 2009.

Agmon, A.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Passive optical network with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” U.S. provisional patent application 61/357,544 (June23, 2010).

Akiyama, Y.

Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, K. Ishii, Y. Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, and K. Kitayama, “An energy-efficient and elastic optical multiple access system based on coherent interleaved frequency division multiple access,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  21, no. 10, pp. 1811–1820, 2013.

Ali, A.

J. Xu, A. Ali, C. Ruprecht, J. Von Hoyningen-Huene, J. Zhao, J. Leibrich, and W. Rosenkranz, “OFDM remodulation for 10-Gb/s/channel WDM-PON with simple carrier extraction and enhanced tolerance to Rayleigh noise,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 53–55.

Bakaul, M.

Balteanu, A.

E. Laskin, A. Tomkins, A. Balteanu, I. Sarkas, and S. P. Voinigescu, “A 60-GHz RF IQ DAC transceiver with on-die at-speed loopback,” in IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symp., 2011, pp. 1–4.

Bayvel, P.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

Ben-Ezra, S.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

Brochier, N.

B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “Reflective polarisation independent Mach–Zenhder modulator for FDMA/OFDMA PON,” Electron. Lett., vol.  46, no. 25, pp. 1682–1683, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Chanclou, P.

B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “Reflective polarisation independent Mach–Zenhder modulator for FDMA/OFDMA PON,” Electron. Lett., vol.  46, no. 25, pp. 1682–1683, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Charbonnier, B.

B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “Reflective polarisation independent Mach–Zenhder modulator for FDMA/OFDMA PON,” Electron. Lett., vol.  46, no. 25, pp. 1682–1683, 2010.
[CrossRef]

B. Charbonnier and A. Lebreton, “Self-coherent single wavelength SC-FDMA PON uplink for NG-PON2,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 51–53.

Chi, S.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  28, no. 6, pp. 800–807, 2010.

Chow, C. W.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  28, no. 6, pp. 800–807, 2010.

C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Advances in access networks—From long-reach (LR) to short-reach (SR), and from TDM/WDM to OFDM,” in 21st Annu. Wireless and Optical Communications Conf. (WOCC), 2012, pp. 22–24.

Cvijetic, M.

N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Wang, “Coherent 40 Gb/s OFDMA-PON for long-reach (100+ km) high-split ratio (>1:64) optical access/metro networks,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 11–13.

Cvijetic, N.

N. Cvijetic, “OFDM for next-generation optical access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 4, pp. 384–398, 2012.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 4, pp. 484–493, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1265–1267, Sept. 2009.

N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Wang, “Coherent 40 Gb/s OFDMA-PON for long-reach (100+ km) high-split ratio (>1:64) optical access/metro networks,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 11–13.

N. Cvijetic, “The ‘five W’s’ of OFDM for optical access: What, why, where, when and how?” in Access Networks and In-house Communications, 2011, pp. 3–4.

Freude, W.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

Hillerkuss, D.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, and M. Nazarathy, “Remote heterodyne direct detection of OFDM-QPSK as downlink-solution for future access networks,” in ANIC, 2012, pp. 3–4.

Hu, J.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 4, pp. 484–493, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1265–1267, Sept. 2009.

Huang, M.

N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Wang, “Coherent 40 Gb/s OFDMA-PON for long-reach (100+ km) high-split ratio (>1:64) optical access/metro networks,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 11–13.

Huang, Y.

N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Wang, “Coherent 40 Gb/s OFDMA-PON for long-reach (100+ km) high-split ratio (>1:64) optical access/metro networks,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 11–13.

Hübner, M.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

Ip, E.

N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Wang, “Coherent 40 Gb/s OFDMA-PON for long-reach (100+ km) high-split ratio (>1:64) optical access/metro networks,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 11–13.

Ishii, K.

Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, K. Ishii, Y. Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, and K. Kitayama, “An energy-efficient and elastic optical multiple access system based on coherent interleaved frequency division multiple access,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  21, no. 10, pp. 1811–1820, 2013.

Kang, Z.

D. Wang, N. Zou, Z. Kang, J. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Research on next-generation 40 Gbit/s OFDM-PON employing OOK modulated upstream signals,” in IET Int. Conf. on Communication Technology and Application (ICCTA), 2011, pp. 942–945.

Kanonakis, K.

K. Kanonakis, I. Tomkos, T. Pfeiffer, J. Prat, and P. Kourtessis, “ACCORDANCE: A novel OFDMA-PON paradigm for ultra-high capacity converged wireline-wireless access networks,” in 12th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Munich, 2010.

Killey, R.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

Kitayama, K.

Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, K. Ishii, Y. Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, and K. Kitayama, “An energy-efficient and elastic optical multiple access system based on coherent interleaved frequency division multiple access,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  21, no. 10, pp. 1811–1820, 2013.

Koguchi, K.

Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, K. Ishii, Y. Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, and K. Kitayama, “An energy-efficient and elastic optical multiple access system based on coherent interleaved frequency division multiple access,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  21, no. 10, pp. 1811–1820, 2013.

Kourtessis, P.

K. Kanonakis, I. Tomkos, T. Pfeiffer, J. Prat, and P. Kourtessis, “ACCORDANCE: A novel OFDMA-PON paradigm for ultra-high capacity converged wireline-wireless access networks,” in 12th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Munich, 2010.

Krongold, B. S.

W. Shieh, Y. Tang, and B. S. Krongold, “DFT-spread OFDM for optical communications,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Optical Internet (COIN), Jeju, South Korea, 2010.

Laskin, E.

E. Laskin, A. Tomkins, A. Balteanu, I. Sarkas, and S. P. Voinigescu, “A 60-GHz RF IQ DAC transceiver with on-die at-speed loopback,” in IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symp., 2011, pp. 1–4.

Lebreton, A.

B. Charbonnier and A. Lebreton, “Self-coherent single wavelength SC-FDMA PON uplink for NG-PON2,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 51–53.

Leibrich, J.

J. Xu, A. Ali, C. Ruprecht, J. Von Hoyningen-Huene, J. Zhao, J. Leibrich, and W. Rosenkranz, “OFDM remodulation for 10-Gb/s/channel WDM-PON with simple carrier extraction and enhanced tolerance to Rayleigh noise,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 53–55.

Leuthold, J.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

Lin, C.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  28, no. 6, pp. 800–807, 2010.

Liu, J.

D. Wang, N. Zou, Z. Kang, J. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Research on next-generation 40 Gbit/s OFDM-PON employing OOK modulated upstream signals,” in IET Int. Conf. on Communication Technology and Application (ICCTA), 2011, pp. 942–945.

Marom, D. M.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Passive optical network with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” U.S. provisional patent application 61/357,544 (June23, 2010).

Maruta, A.

Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, K. Ishii, Y. Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, and K. Kitayama, “An energy-efficient and elastic optical multiple access system based on coherent interleaved frequency division multiple access,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  21, no. 10, pp. 1811–1820, 2013.

Meder, L.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

Mehedy, L.

Meredith, W.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

Mizuochi, T.

Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, K. Ishii, Y. Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, and K. Kitayama, “An energy-efficient and elastic optical multiple access system based on coherent interleaved frequency division multiple access,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  21, no. 10, pp. 1811–1820, 2013.

Nakagawa, J.

Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, K. Ishii, Y. Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, and K. Kitayama, “An energy-efficient and elastic optical multiple access system based on coherent interleaved frequency division multiple access,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  21, no. 10, pp. 1811–1820, 2013.

Nazarathy, M.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, and M. Nazarathy, “Remote heterodyne direct detection of OFDM-QPSK as downlink-solution for future access networks,” in ANIC, 2012, pp. 3–4.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Passive optical network with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” U.S. provisional patent application 61/357,544 (June23, 2010).

Nirmalathas, A.

Pfeiffer, T.

K. Kanonakis, I. Tomkos, T. Pfeiffer, J. Prat, and P. Kourtessis, “ACCORDANCE: A novel OFDMA-PON paradigm for ultra-high capacity converged wireline-wireless access networks,” in 12th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Munich, 2010.

Prat, J.

K. Kanonakis, I. Tomkos, T. Pfeiffer, J. Prat, and P. Kourtessis, “ACCORDANCE: A novel OFDMA-PON paradigm for ultra-high capacity converged wireline-wireless access networks,” in 12th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Munich, 2010.

Qian, D.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 4, pp. 484–493, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1265–1267, Sept. 2009.

Rosenkranz, W.

J. Xu, A. Ali, C. Ruprecht, J. Von Hoyningen-Huene, J. Zhao, J. Leibrich, and W. Rosenkranz, “OFDM remodulation for 10-Gb/s/channel WDM-PON with simple carrier extraction and enhanced tolerance to Rayleigh noise,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 53–55.

C. Ruprecht and W. Rosenkranz, “OFDMA based PONs with reduced hardware requirements through advanced signal processing,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2012, pp. 1–4.

Ruprecht, C.

C. Ruprecht and W. Rosenkranz, “OFDMA based PONs with reduced hardware requirements through advanced signal processing,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2012, pp. 1–4.

J. Xu, A. Ali, C. Ruprecht, J. Von Hoyningen-Huene, J. Zhao, J. Leibrich, and W. Rosenkranz, “OFDM remodulation for 10-Gb/s/channel WDM-PON with simple carrier extraction and enhanced tolerance to Rayleigh noise,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 53–55.

Sarkas, I.

E. Laskin, A. Tomkins, A. Balteanu, I. Sarkas, and S. P. Voinigescu, “A 60-GHz RF IQ DAC transceiver with on-die at-speed loopback,” in IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symp., 2011, pp. 1–4.

Schindler, P. C.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, and M. Nazarathy, “Remote heterodyne direct detection of OFDM-QPSK as downlink-solution for future access networks,” in ANIC, 2012, pp. 3–4.

Schmogrow, R.

P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, and M. Nazarathy, “Remote heterodyne direct detection of OFDM-QPSK as downlink-solution for future access networks,” in ANIC, 2012, pp. 3–4.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

Shao, Y.

N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Wang, “Coherent 40 Gb/s OFDMA-PON for long-reach (100+ km) high-split ratio (>1:64) optical access/metro networks,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 11–13.

Shieh, W.

W. Shieh, Y. Tang, and B. S. Krongold, “DFT-spread OFDM for optical communications,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Optical Internet (COIN), Jeju, South Korea, 2010.

Skafidas, E.

Suzuki, N.

Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, K. Ishii, Y. Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, and K. Kitayama, “An energy-efficient and elastic optical multiple access system based on coherent interleaved frequency division multiple access,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  21, no. 10, pp. 1811–1820, 2013.

Tang, Y.

W. Shieh, Y. Tang, and B. S. Krongold, “DFT-spread OFDM for optical communications,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Optical Internet (COIN), Jeju, South Korea, 2010.

Tolmachev, A.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

Tomkins, A.

E. Laskin, A. Tomkins, A. Balteanu, I. Sarkas, and S. P. Voinigescu, “A 60-GHz RF IQ DAC transceiver with on-die at-speed loopback,” in IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symp., 2011, pp. 1–4.

Tomkos, I.

K. Kanonakis, I. Tomkos, T. Pfeiffer, J. Prat, and P. Kourtessis, “ACCORDANCE: A novel OFDMA-PON paradigm for ultra-high capacity converged wireline-wireless access networks,” in 12th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Munich, 2010.

Vetter, P.

P. Vetter, “Next generation optical access technologies,” in ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.3.G.1.

Vickers, G.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

Voinigescu, S. P.

E. Laskin, A. Tomkins, A. Balteanu, I. Sarkas, and S. P. Voinigescu, “A 60-GHz RF IQ DAC transceiver with on-die at-speed loopback,” in IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symp., 2011, pp. 1–4.

Von Hoyningen-Huene, J.

J. Xu, A. Ali, C. Ruprecht, J. Von Hoyningen-Huene, J. Zhao, J. Leibrich, and W. Rosenkranz, “OFDM remodulation for 10-Gb/s/channel WDM-PON with simple carrier extraction and enhanced tolerance to Rayleigh noise,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 53–55.

Wang, C. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  28, no. 6, pp. 800–807, 2010.

Wang, D.

D. Wang, N. Zou, Z. Kang, J. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Research on next-generation 40 Gbit/s OFDM-PON employing OOK modulated upstream signals,” in IET Int. Conf. on Communication Technology and Application (ICCTA), 2011, pp. 942–945.

Wang, T.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 4, pp. 484–493, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1265–1267, Sept. 2009.

N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Wang, “Coherent 40 Gb/s OFDMA-PON for long-reach (100+ km) high-split ratio (>1:64) optical access/metro networks,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 11–13.

Wu, C. L.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  28, no. 6, pp. 800–807, 2010.

Xu, J.

J. Xu, A. Ali, C. Ruprecht, J. Von Hoyningen-Huene, J. Zhao, J. Leibrich, and W. Rosenkranz, “OFDM remodulation for 10-Gb/s/channel WDM-PON with simple carrier extraction and enhanced tolerance to Rayleigh noise,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 53–55.

Yeh, C. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  28, no. 6, pp. 800–807, 2010.

C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Advances in access networks—From long-reach (LR) to short-reach (SR), and from TDM/WDM to OFDM,” in 21st Annu. Wireless and Optical Communications Conf. (WOCC), 2012, pp. 22–24.

Yoshida, T.

Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, K. Ishii, Y. Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, and K. Kitayama, “An energy-efficient and elastic optical multiple access system based on coherent interleaved frequency division multiple access,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  21, no. 10, pp. 1811–1820, 2013.

Yoshida, Y.

Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, K. Ishii, Y. Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, and K. Kitayama, “An energy-efficient and elastic optical multiple access system based on coherent interleaved frequency division multiple access,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  21, no. 10, pp. 1811–1820, 2013.

Zhang, Y.

D. Wang, N. Zou, Z. Kang, J. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Research on next-generation 40 Gbit/s OFDM-PON employing OOK modulated upstream signals,” in IET Int. Conf. on Communication Technology and Application (ICCTA), 2011, pp. 942–945.

Zhao, J.

J. Xu, A. Ali, C. Ruprecht, J. Von Hoyningen-Huene, J. Zhao, J. Leibrich, and W. Rosenkranz, “OFDM remodulation for 10-Gb/s/channel WDM-PON with simple carrier extraction and enhanced tolerance to Rayleigh noise,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 53–55.

Zou, N.

D. Wang, N. Zou, Z. Kang, J. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Research on next-generation 40 Gbit/s OFDM-PON employing OOK modulated upstream signals,” in IET Int. Conf. on Communication Technology and Application (ICCTA), 2011, pp. 942–945.

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “Reflective polarisation independent Mach–Zenhder modulator for FDMA/OFDMA PON,” Electron. Lett., vol.  46, no. 25, pp. 1682–1683, 2010.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1265–1267, Sept. 2009.

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (2)

L. Mehedy, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, and E. Skafidas, “Scalable and spectrally efficient long-reach optical access networks employing frequency interleaved directly detected optical OFDM,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  3, no. 11, pp. 881–890, 2011.
[CrossRef]

Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, K. Ishii, Y. Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, and K. Kitayama, “An energy-efficient and elastic optical multiple access system based on coherent interleaved frequency division multiple access,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  21, no. 10, pp. 1811–1820, 2013.

J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  28, no. 6, pp. 800–807, 2010.

Other (14)

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, D. M. Marom, S. Ben-Ezra, A. Tolmachev, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, L. Meder, M. Hübner, W. Meredith, G. Vickers, P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Bi-directional ultra-dense polarization-muxed/diverse OFDM/WDM PON with laserless colorless 1 Gb/s ONUs based on Si PICs and <417 MHz mixed-signal ICs,” in OFC, 2013, paper OTh3A.6.

W. Shieh, Y. Tang, and B. S. Krongold, “DFT-spread OFDM for optical communications,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Optical Internet (COIN), Jeju, South Korea, 2010.

A. Agmon, M. Nazarathy, and D. M. Marom, “Passive optical network with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” U.S. provisional patent application 61/357,544 (June23, 2010).

E. Laskin, A. Tomkins, A. Balteanu, I. Sarkas, and S. P. Voinigescu, “A 60-GHz RF IQ DAC transceiver with on-die at-speed loopback,” in IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symp., 2011, pp. 1–4.

K. Kanonakis, I. Tomkos, T. Pfeiffer, J. Prat, and P. Kourtessis, “ACCORDANCE: A novel OFDMA-PON paradigm for ultra-high capacity converged wireline-wireless access networks,” in 12th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Munich, 2010.

B. Charbonnier and A. Lebreton, “Self-coherent single wavelength SC-FDMA PON uplink for NG-PON2,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 51–53.

N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Wang, “Coherent 40 Gb/s OFDMA-PON for long-reach (100+ km) high-split ratio (>1:64) optical access/metro networks,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 11–13.

P. C. Schindler, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, and M. Nazarathy, “Remote heterodyne direct detection of OFDM-QPSK as downlink-solution for future access networks,” in ANIC, 2012, pp. 3–4.

P. Vetter, “Next generation optical access technologies,” in ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.3.G.1.

J. Xu, A. Ali, C. Ruprecht, J. Von Hoyningen-Huene, J. Zhao, J. Leibrich, and W. Rosenkranz, “OFDM remodulation for 10-Gb/s/channel WDM-PON with simple carrier extraction and enhanced tolerance to Rayleigh noise,” in OFC, 2012, pp. 53–55.

C. Ruprecht and W. Rosenkranz, “OFDMA based PONs with reduced hardware requirements through advanced signal processing,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2012, pp. 1–4.

D. Wang, N. Zou, Z. Kang, J. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Research on next-generation 40 Gbit/s OFDM-PON employing OOK modulated upstream signals,” in IET Int. Conf. on Communication Technology and Application (ICCTA), 2011, pp. 942–945.

N. Cvijetic, “The ‘five W’s’ of OFDM for optical access: What, why, where, when and how?” in Access Networks and In-house Communications, 2011, pp. 3–4.

C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Advances in access networks—From long-reach (LR) to short-reach (SR), and from TDM/WDM to OFDM,” in 21st Annu. Wireless and Optical Communications Conf. (WOCC), 2012, pp. 22–24.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Class I OTONES network and spectral design. (A) Plant: a single subnetwork (served by one wavelength out of many) comprising OLT, RH, and two passive ODNs (each ODN containing up to 64 ONUs). (B) Spectral design associated with two ODNs: (a) DS at OLT output. Downward arrows mark OFDM tones with sparse spectra containing two pilot (seed) tones and two D slots with nonzero tones. (b) Fractional wavelength demux at RH. (c) Remodulation at ONU Tx and single ONU US output. Marked by upward arrows for US signal. (d) 3.125 GHz US signal aggregating (up to) 64 ONUs per ODN. (e) US signal aggregating 2 ODNs per 25 GHz wavelength. A 13 dB loss budget is dedicated (extra to the total 35–40 dB end-to-end loss budget) to RH components; RH OAs have gains of 34 (24) dB in DS (US).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Class I OTONES DS signal on the ITU-T G.694.1 flexible WDM grid, consisting of multiple 12.5 (GHz) bands (referred to here as slices) at center frequencies 193.1 + n * 0.00625 THz (for index, m = 1 , indicating one ITU BW granularity unit of 12.5 GHz). Each slice further consists of P, U, D, G slots and streams as indicated. The finest subdivision of the “stream” carries 1 Gb / s bidirectionally, using symmetric US/DS 16-QAM OFDM.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

OTONES integrated transceivers: (a) OLT and (b) ONU.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

DFT-S OFDM OLT transmitter over the D-slot 3.125 GHz spectral band.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

OTONES RH block diagram.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

TABLE I Rates and BW of Various Classes

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

SE bidir DS [ b / s ] + US [ b / s ] { DS US } [ Hz ] = 40 [ Gb / s ] + 40 [ Gb / s ] 50 GH z = 1.6 [ b / s / Hz ] .
SE bidir { TWDM } = 40 [ Gb / s ] + 10 [ Gb / s ] ( 4 · 100 + 4 · 100 ) [ GHz ] = 0.065 [ b / s / Hz ] .