Abstract

We present a simple yet effective enhancement to the operation of the Ethernet passive optical network (EPON) multipoint control protocol (MPCP) for wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) EPON. The enhancement, inspired by our earlier work in a related but different context, allows the optical line terminal (OLT) to perform look-ahead scheduling on each of the upstream channels. The look-ahead operation is fully compatible with the existing standard and may be implemented via software updates to the OLT without affecting the operation of optical network units in EPON. The look-ahead enhanced MPCP achieves significant performance gains across a wide range of traffic loads and opens up new opportunities for the design of sophisticated dynamic bandwidth algorithms to support advanced quality of service capabilities.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, and M. Maier, “WDM Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  44, no. 2, pp. 15–22, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): Building a next-generation optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  40, pp. 66–73, Feb. 2002.
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON),” Opt. Netw. Mag., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 107–113, 2003.
  4. D. Xue, Y. Qin, and C. Siew, “Deterministic QoS provisioning with network calculus based admission control in WDM EPON networks,” in Proc. of IEEE ICC, June 2009.
  5. V. Sivaraman and G. N. Rouskas, “A reservation protocol for broadcast WDM networks and stability analysis,” Comput. Netw., vol.  32, pp. 211–227, Feb. 2000.
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Keiser and J. Wiley, FTTX Concepts and Applications. Wiley, 2006.
  7. A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: A review [Invited],” J. Opt. Netw., vol.  4, pp. 737–758, Nov. 2005.
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Maier, M. Herzog, and M. Reisslein, “STARGATE: The next evolutionary step toward unleashing the potential of WDM EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  45, pp. 50–56, May 2007.
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, and M. Maier, “Ethernet passive optical network architectures and dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  10, no. 3, pp. 46–60, 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2006.
  11. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  40, pp. 74–80, Feb. 2002.
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 89–107, 2002.
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Lannoo, L. Verslegers, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, M. Gagnaire, and P. Demeester, “Analytical model for the IPACT dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for EPONs,” J. Opt. Netw., vol.  6, no. 6, pp. 677–688, 2007.
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. T. Ngo, A. Gravey, and D. Bhadauria, “A mean value analysis approach for evaluating the performance of EPON with gated IPACT,” in Proc. of ONDM, 2008.
  15. Y. Zhu and M. Ma, “IPACT with grant estimation (IPACT-GE) scheme for Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  26, no. 14, pp. 2055–2063, 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. Byun, J. Nho, and J. Lim, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” Electron. Lett., vol.  39, no. 13, pp. 1001–1002, 2003.
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Gumaste and I. Chlamtac, “A protocol to implement Ethernet over PON,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communication, vol. 2, 2003, pp. 1345–1349.
  18. K. Kwong, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for differentiated services over WDM EPONs,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communications Systems, 2004, pp. 116–120.
  19. F. Clarke, S. Sarkar, and B. Mukherjee, “Simultaneous and interleaved polling: An upstream protocol for WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2006.
  20. H. Lee, H. Choo, T. Lee, and M. Chung, “Group-synchronized polling algorithm in WDM-EPON,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol.  13, no. 3, pp. 199–201, 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, C. Colbourn, M. Maier, F. Aurzada, and M. Scheutzow, “Just-in-time scheduling for multichannel EPONs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  26, no. 10, pp. 1204–1216, 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  22. K. Kanonakis and I. Tomkos, “Improving the efficiency of online upstream scheduling and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM/TDMA EPON networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  28, no. 6, pp. 838–848, 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  23. T. Das, A. Gumaste, A. Lodha, A. Mathew, and N. Ghani, “Generalized framework and analysis for bandwidth scheduling in GPONs and NGPONs—the K-out-of-N approach,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  29, pp. 2875–2892, Oct.2011.
    [CrossRef]
  24. Y. Luo and N. Ansari, “Bandwidth allocation for multi-service access on EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  43, no. 2, pp. 516–521, 2005.
  25. C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas. Commun., vol.  21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, 2003.
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. Xie, S. Jiang, and Y. Jiang, “A dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme for differentiated services in EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  42, no. 8, pp. S32–S39, 2004.
    [CrossRef]
  27. R. Salles and J. Barria, “Fair and efficient dynamic bandwidth allocation for multi-application networks,” Comput. Netw., vol.  49, no. 6, pp. 856–877, 2005.
    [CrossRef]
  28. J. Zheng, “Efficient bandwidth allocation algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEE Proc. Commun., vol.  153, no. 3, pp. 464–468, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  29. A. Dhaini, C. Assi, M. Maier, and A. Shami, “Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in hybrid TDM/WDM EPON networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 1, pp. 277–286, 2007.
    [CrossRef]
  30. C. Wang, W. Wei, W. Zhang, H. Jiang, C. Qiao, and T. Wang, “Optimal wavelength scheduling for hybrid WDM/TDM passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  3, no. 6, pp. 522–532, 2011.
    [CrossRef]
  31. R. Sinha, C. Papadopoulos, and J. Heidemann, “Internet packet size distributions: Some observations,” Oct.2005 [Online]. Available: ftp://ftp.isi.edu/isi-pubs/tr-643.pdf .
  32. T. Gonzalez, O. Ibarra, and S. Sahni, “Bounds for LPT schedules on uniform processors,” SIAM J. Comput., vol.  6, no. 1, pp. 155–166, 1977.
    [CrossRef]
  33. I. Baldine and G. N. Rouskas, “Traffic adaptive WDM networks: A study of reconfiguration issues,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  19, pp. 433–455, Apr.2001.
    [CrossRef]
  34. I. Baldine and G. N. Rouskas, “Reconfiguration and dynamic load balancing in broadcast WDM networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  1, pp. 49–64, June1999.
    [CrossRef]
  35. X. Liu and G. N. Rouskas, “MPCP-ℓ: Look-ahead enhanced MPCP for EPON,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, June2013.

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

K. Kanonakis and I. Tomkos, “Improving the efficiency of online upstream scheduling and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM/TDMA EPON networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  28, no. 6, pp. 838–848, 2010.
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

H. Lee, H. Choo, T. Lee, and M. Chung, “Group-synchronized polling algorithm in WDM-EPON,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol.  13, no. 3, pp. 199–201, 2009.
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (3)

2006 (2)

J. Zheng, “Efficient bandwidth allocation algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEE Proc. Commun., vol.  153, no. 3, pp. 464–468, 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, and M. Maier, “WDM Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  44, no. 2, pp. 15–22, 2006.
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: A review [Invited],” J. Opt. Netw., vol.  4, pp. 737–758, Nov. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, “Bandwidth allocation for multi-service access on EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  43, no. 2, pp. 516–521, 2005.

R. Salles and J. Barria, “Fair and efficient dynamic bandwidth allocation for multi-application networks,” Comput. Netw., vol.  49, no. 6, pp. 856–877, 2005.
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. Xie, S. Jiang, and Y. Jiang, “A dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme for differentiated services in EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  42, no. 8, pp. S32–S39, 2004.
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas. Commun., vol.  21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, 2003.
[CrossRef]

H. Byun, J. Nho, and J. Lim, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” Electron. Lett., vol.  39, no. 13, pp. 1001–1002, 2003.
[CrossRef]

G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON),” Opt. Netw. Mag., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 107–113, 2003.

2002 (3)

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): Building a next-generation optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  40, pp. 66–73, Feb. 2002.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  40, pp. 74–80, Feb. 2002.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 89–107, 2002.
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

V. Sivaraman and G. N. Rouskas, “A reservation protocol for broadcast WDM networks and stability analysis,” Comput. Netw., vol.  32, pp. 211–227, Feb. 2000.
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

I. Baldine and G. N. Rouskas, “Reconfiguration and dynamic load balancing in broadcast WDM networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  1, pp. 49–64, June1999.
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

T. Gonzalez, O. Ibarra, and S. Sahni, “Bounds for LPT schedules on uniform processors,” SIAM J. Comput., vol.  6, no. 1, pp. 155–166, 1977.
[CrossRef]

Ali, M.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas. Commun., vol.  21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Andonovic, I.

K. Kwong, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for differentiated services over WDM EPONs,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communications Systems, 2004, pp. 116–120.

Ansari, N.

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, “Bandwidth allocation for multi-service access on EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  43, no. 2, pp. 516–521, 2005.

Assi, C.

A. Dhaini, C. Assi, M. Maier, and A. Shami, “Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in hybrid TDM/WDM EPON networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 1, pp. 277–286, 2007.
[CrossRef]

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas. Commun., vol.  21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Aurzada, F.

Baldine, I.

I. Baldine and G. N. Rouskas, “Traffic adaptive WDM networks: A study of reconfiguration issues,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  19, pp. 433–455, Apr.2001.
[CrossRef]

I. Baldine and G. N. Rouskas, “Reconfiguration and dynamic load balancing in broadcast WDM networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  1, pp. 49–64, June1999.
[CrossRef]

Banerjee, A.

Barria, J.

R. Salles and J. Barria, “Fair and efficient dynamic bandwidth allocation for multi-application networks,” Comput. Netw., vol.  49, no. 6, pp. 856–877, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Bhadauria, D.

M. T. Ngo, A. Gravey, and D. Bhadauria, “A mean value analysis approach for evaluating the performance of EPON with gated IPACT,” in Proc. of ONDM, 2008.

Byun, H.

H. Byun, J. Nho, and J. Lim, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” Electron. Lett., vol.  39, no. 13, pp. 1001–1002, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Chlamtac, I.

A. Gumaste and I. Chlamtac, “A protocol to implement Ethernet over PON,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communication, vol. 2, 2003, pp. 1345–1349.

Choo, H.

H. Lee, H. Choo, T. Lee, and M. Chung, “Group-synchronized polling algorithm in WDM-EPON,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol.  13, no. 3, pp. 199–201, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Chung, M.

H. Lee, H. Choo, T. Lee, and M. Chung, “Group-synchronized polling algorithm in WDM-EPON,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol.  13, no. 3, pp. 199–201, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Clarke, F.

Colbourn, C.

Colle, D.

Das, T.

Demeester, P.

Dhaini, A.

Dixit, S.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas. Commun., vol.  21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Gagnaire, M.

Ghani, N.

Gonzalez, T.

T. Gonzalez, O. Ibarra, and S. Sahni, “Bounds for LPT schedules on uniform processors,” SIAM J. Comput., vol.  6, no. 1, pp. 155–166, 1977.
[CrossRef]

Gravey, A.

M. T. Ngo, A. Gravey, and D. Bhadauria, “A mean value analysis approach for evaluating the performance of EPON with gated IPACT,” in Proc. of ONDM, 2008.

Gumaste, A.

Harle, D.

K. Kwong, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for differentiated services over WDM EPONs,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communications Systems, 2004, pp. 116–120.

Herzog, M.

M. Maier, M. Herzog, and M. Reisslein, “STARGATE: The next evolutionary step toward unleashing the potential of WDM EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  45, pp. 50–56, May 2007.
[CrossRef]

Ibarra, O.

T. Gonzalez, O. Ibarra, and S. Sahni, “Bounds for LPT schedules on uniform processors,” SIAM J. Comput., vol.  6, no. 1, pp. 155–166, 1977.
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

Jiang, S.

J. Xie, S. Jiang, and Y. Jiang, “A dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme for differentiated services in EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  42, no. 8, pp. S32–S39, 2004.
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

J. Xie, S. Jiang, and Y. Jiang, “A dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme for differentiated services in EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  42, no. 8, pp. S32–S39, 2004.
[CrossRef]

Kanonakis, K.

K. Kanonakis and I. Tomkos, “Improving the efficiency of online upstream scheduling and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM/TDMA EPON networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  28, no. 6, pp. 838–848, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Keiser, G.

G. Keiser and J. Wiley, FTTX Concepts and Applications. Wiley, 2006.

Kim, K.

Kramer, G.

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: A review [Invited],” J. Opt. Netw., vol.  4, pp. 737–758, Nov. 2005.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  40, pp. 74–80, Feb. 2002.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 89–107, 2002.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): Building a next-generation optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  40, pp. 66–73, Feb. 2002.
[CrossRef]

Kwong, K.

K. Kwong, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for differentiated services over WDM EPONs,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communications Systems, 2004, pp. 116–120.

Lannoo, B.

Lee, H.

H. Lee, H. Choo, T. Lee, and M. Chung, “Group-synchronized polling algorithm in WDM-EPON,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol.  13, no. 3, pp. 199–201, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Lee, T.

H. Lee, H. Choo, T. Lee, and M. Chung, “Group-synchronized polling algorithm in WDM-EPON,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol.  13, no. 3, pp. 199–201, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Lim, J.

H. Byun, J. Nho, and J. Lim, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” Electron. Lett., vol.  39, no. 13, pp. 1001–1002, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu and G. N. Rouskas, “MPCP-ℓ: Look-ahead enhanced MPCP for EPON,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, June2013.

Lodha, A.

Luo, Y.

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, “Bandwidth allocation for multi-service access on EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  43, no. 2, pp. 516–521, 2005.

Ma, M.

Maier, M.

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, C. Colbourn, M. Maier, F. Aurzada, and M. Scheutzow, “Just-in-time scheduling for multichannel EPONs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  26, no. 10, pp. 1204–1216, 2008.
[CrossRef]

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, and M. Maier, “Ethernet passive optical network architectures and dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  10, no. 3, pp. 46–60, 2008.
[CrossRef]

M. Maier, M. Herzog, and M. Reisslein, “STARGATE: The next evolutionary step toward unleashing the potential of WDM EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  45, pp. 50–56, May 2007.
[CrossRef]

A. Dhaini, C. Assi, M. Maier, and A. Shami, “Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in hybrid TDM/WDM EPON networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 1, pp. 277–286, 2007.
[CrossRef]

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, and M. Maier, “WDM Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  44, no. 2, pp. 15–22, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Mathew, A.

McGarry, M.

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, C. Colbourn, M. Maier, F. Aurzada, and M. Scheutzow, “Just-in-time scheduling for multichannel EPONs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  26, no. 10, pp. 1204–1216, 2008.
[CrossRef]

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, and M. Maier, “Ethernet passive optical network architectures and dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  10, no. 3, pp. 46–60, 2008.
[CrossRef]

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, and M. Maier, “WDM Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  44, no. 2, pp. 15–22, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, B.

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: A review [Invited],” J. Opt. Netw., vol.  4, pp. 737–758, Nov. 2005.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  40, pp. 74–80, Feb. 2002.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 89–107, 2002.
[CrossRef]

B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2006.

F. Clarke, S. Sarkar, and B. Mukherjee, “Simultaneous and interleaved polling: An upstream protocol for WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2006.

Ngo, M. T.

M. T. Ngo, A. Gravey, and D. Bhadauria, “A mean value analysis approach for evaluating the performance of EPON with gated IPACT,” in Proc. of ONDM, 2008.

Nho, J.

H. Byun, J. Nho, and J. Lim, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” Electron. Lett., vol.  39, no. 13, pp. 1001–1002, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.

Pesavento, G.

G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON),” Opt. Netw. Mag., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 107–113, 2003.

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): Building a next-generation optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  40, pp. 66–73, Feb. 2002.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  40, pp. 74–80, Feb. 2002.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 89–107, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Pickavet, M.

Qiao, C.

Qin, Y.

D. Xue, Y. Qin, and C. Siew, “Deterministic QoS provisioning with network calculus based admission control in WDM EPON networks,” in Proc. of IEEE ICC, June 2009.

Reisslein, M.

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, and M. Maier, “Ethernet passive optical network architectures and dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  10, no. 3, pp. 46–60, 2008.
[CrossRef]

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, C. Colbourn, M. Maier, F. Aurzada, and M. Scheutzow, “Just-in-time scheduling for multichannel EPONs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  26, no. 10, pp. 1204–1216, 2008.
[CrossRef]

M. Maier, M. Herzog, and M. Reisslein, “STARGATE: The next evolutionary step toward unleashing the potential of WDM EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  45, pp. 50–56, May 2007.
[CrossRef]

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, and M. Maier, “WDM Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  44, no. 2, pp. 15–22, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Rouskas, G. N.

I. Baldine and G. N. Rouskas, “Traffic adaptive WDM networks: A study of reconfiguration issues,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  19, pp. 433–455, Apr.2001.
[CrossRef]

V. Sivaraman and G. N. Rouskas, “A reservation protocol for broadcast WDM networks and stability analysis,” Comput. Netw., vol.  32, pp. 211–227, Feb. 2000.
[CrossRef]

I. Baldine and G. N. Rouskas, “Reconfiguration and dynamic load balancing in broadcast WDM networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  1, pp. 49–64, June1999.
[CrossRef]

X. Liu and G. N. Rouskas, “MPCP-ℓ: Look-ahead enhanced MPCP for EPON,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, June2013.

Sahni, S.

T. Gonzalez, O. Ibarra, and S. Sahni, “Bounds for LPT schedules on uniform processors,” SIAM J. Comput., vol.  6, no. 1, pp. 155–166, 1977.
[CrossRef]

Salles, R.

R. Salles and J. Barria, “Fair and efficient dynamic bandwidth allocation for multi-application networks,” Comput. Netw., vol.  49, no. 6, pp. 856–877, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Sarkar, S.

F. Clarke, S. Sarkar, and B. Mukherjee, “Simultaneous and interleaved polling: An upstream protocol for WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2006.

Scheutzow, M.

Shami, A.

Siew, C.

D. Xue, Y. Qin, and C. Siew, “Deterministic QoS provisioning with network calculus based admission control in WDM EPON networks,” in Proc. of IEEE ICC, June 2009.

Sivaraman, V.

V. Sivaraman and G. N. Rouskas, “A reservation protocol for broadcast WDM networks and stability analysis,” Comput. Netw., vol.  32, pp. 211–227, Feb. 2000.
[CrossRef]

Song, H.

Tomkos, I.

K. Kanonakis and I. Tomkos, “Improving the efficiency of online upstream scheduling and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM/TDMA EPON networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  28, no. 6, pp. 838–848, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Verslegers, L.

Wang, C.

Wang, T.

Wei, W.

Wiley, J.

G. Keiser and J. Wiley, FTTX Concepts and Applications. Wiley, 2006.

Xie, J.

J. Xie, S. Jiang, and Y. Jiang, “A dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme for differentiated services in EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  42, no. 8, pp. S32–S39, 2004.
[CrossRef]

Xue, D.

D. Xue, Y. Qin, and C. Siew, “Deterministic QoS provisioning with network calculus based admission control in WDM EPON networks,” in Proc. of IEEE ICC, June 2009.

Yang, S.

Ye, Y.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas. Commun., vol.  21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

Zheng, J.

J. Zheng, “Efficient bandwidth allocation algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEE Proc. Commun., vol.  153, no. 3, pp. 464–468, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

Comput. Netw. (2)

V. Sivaraman and G. N. Rouskas, “A reservation protocol for broadcast WDM networks and stability analysis,” Comput. Netw., vol.  32, pp. 211–227, Feb. 2000.
[CrossRef]

R. Salles and J. Barria, “Fair and efficient dynamic bandwidth allocation for multi-application networks,” Comput. Netw., vol.  49, no. 6, pp. 856–877, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. Byun, J. Nho, and J. Lim, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” Electron. Lett., vol.  39, no. 13, pp. 1001–1002, 2003.
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc. Commun. (1)

J. Zheng, “Efficient bandwidth allocation algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEE Proc. Commun., vol.  153, no. 3, pp. 464–468, 2006.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

H. Lee, H. Choo, T. Lee, and M. Chung, “Group-synchronized polling algorithm in WDM-EPON,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol.  13, no. 3, pp. 199–201, 2009.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (6)

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, “Bandwidth allocation for multi-service access on EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  43, no. 2, pp. 516–521, 2005.

J. Xie, S. Jiang, and Y. Jiang, “A dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme for differentiated services in EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  42, no. 8, pp. S32–S39, 2004.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  40, pp. 74–80, Feb. 2002.
[CrossRef]

M. Maier, M. Herzog, and M. Reisslein, “STARGATE: The next evolutionary step toward unleashing the potential of WDM EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  45, pp. 50–56, May 2007.
[CrossRef]

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, and M. Maier, “WDM Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  44, no. 2, pp. 15–22, 2006.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): Building a next-generation optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  40, pp. 66–73, Feb. 2002.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials (1)

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, and M. Maier, “Ethernet passive optical network architectures and dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  10, no. 3, pp. 46–60, 2008.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

K. Kanonakis and I. Tomkos, “Improving the efficiency of online upstream scheduling and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM/TDMA EPON networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  28, no. 6, pp. 838–848, 2010.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas. Commun. (1)

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas. Commun., vol.  21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, 2003.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

J. Opt. Netw. (2)

Opt. Netw. Mag. (1)

G. Pesavento, “Ethernet passive optical network (EPON),” Opt. Netw. Mag., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 107–113, 2003.

Photon. Netw. Commun. (2)

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 89–107, 2002.
[CrossRef]

I. Baldine and G. N. Rouskas, “Reconfiguration and dynamic load balancing in broadcast WDM networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  1, pp. 49–64, June1999.
[CrossRef]

SIAM J. Comput. (1)

T. Gonzalez, O. Ibarra, and S. Sahni, “Bounds for LPT schedules on uniform processors,” SIAM J. Comput., vol.  6, no. 1, pp. 155–166, 1977.
[CrossRef]

Other (9)

X. Liu and G. N. Rouskas, “MPCP-ℓ: Look-ahead enhanced MPCP for EPON,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, June2013.

R. Sinha, C. Papadopoulos, and J. Heidemann, “Internet packet size distributions: Some observations,” Oct.2005 [Online]. Available: ftp://ftp.isi.edu/isi-pubs/tr-643.pdf .

M. T. Ngo, A. Gravey, and D. Bhadauria, “A mean value analysis approach for evaluating the performance of EPON with gated IPACT,” in Proc. of ONDM, 2008.

A. Gumaste and I. Chlamtac, “A protocol to implement Ethernet over PON,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communication, vol. 2, 2003, pp. 1345–1349.

K. Kwong, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for differentiated services over WDM EPONs,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Communications Systems, 2004, pp. 116–120.

F. Clarke, S. Sarkar, and B. Mukherjee, “Simultaneous and interleaved polling: An upstream protocol for WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2006.

D. Xue, Y. Qin, and C. Siew, “Deterministic QoS provisioning with network calculus based admission control in WDM EPON networks,” in Proc. of IEEE ICC, June 2009.

B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2006.

G. Keiser and J. Wiley, FTTX Concepts and Applications. Wiley, 2006.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (14)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Example of MPCP operation in EPON upstream bandwidth assignment.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Operation of MPCP-2 with look-ahead parameter =2.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Packet delay versus traffic load, with N=32 and uniform traffic.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Packet delay versus traffic load with N=32 and hot-spot traffic.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Throughput versus traffic load, with N=32 and hot-spot traffic.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Packet delay versus traffic load, N=32, W=3, uniform traffic.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Packet delay versus traffic load, N=64, W=8, uniform traffic.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Packet delay versus traffic load, N=128, W=16, uniform traffic.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Packet delay versus traffic load, N=32, W=3, hot-spot traffic.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Packet delay versus traffic load, N=64, W=8, hot-spot traffic.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Packet delay versus traffic load, N=128, W=16, hot-spot traffic.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Throughput versus traffic load, N=32, W=3, uniform traffic.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

Throughput versus traffic load, N=64, W=8, hot-spot traffic.

Fig. 14.
Fig. 14.

Throughput versus traffic load, N=128, W=16, hot-spot traffic.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

TidleRTTmin+TprocOLT+TprocONU.
P[L=x]={0.4,x=400.2,41x14490.4,x=1500.