Abstract

In this paper, we report on a gigabit capacity fiber-wireless system that enables smooth integration between high-speed wireless networks and dense wavelength-division-multiplexing (DWDM) access networks. By employing a centralized optical frequency comb, both the wireline and the wireless services for each DWDM user can be simultaneously supported. Besides, each baseband channel can be transparently upconverted to multiple radio-frequency (RF) bands for different wireless standards, which can be flexibly filtered at the end user to select the on-demand RF band, depending on the wireless applications. For demonstration, we transmit a 2.5Gbit/s signal through the proposed system and successfully achieve a bit-error-rate (BER) performance well below the 7% overhead forward error correction limit of the BER of 2×103 for both the wireline and the wireless signals in the 60 GHz band after 25 km single-mode fiber plus up to 6 m wireless distance.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

C. Chen, C. F. Zhang, W. Zhang, W. Jin, and K. Qiu, “Hybrid WDM-OFDMA-PON utilising tunable generation of flat optical comb,” Electron. Lett., vol.  49, no. 4, pp. 276–277, 2013.
[CrossRef]

2012

2010

2009

K. Prince, J. Jensen, A. Caballero, X. Yu, T. Gibbon, D. Zibar, N. Guerrero, A. Osadchiy, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Converged wireline and wireless access over a 78-km deployed fiber long-reach WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1274–1276, 2009.
[CrossRef]

P. Shih, C. Lin, W. Jiang, J. Chen, H. Huang, Y. Chen, P. Peng, and S. Chi, “WDM up-conversion employing frequency quadrupling in optical modulator,” Opt. Express, vol.  17, no. 3, pp. 1726–1733, 2009.
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

2006

L. Yang, “MIMO-assisted space-code-division multiple-access: Linear detectors and performance over multipath fading channels,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  24, no. 1, pp. 121–131, 2006.
[CrossRef]

N. Moraitis and P. Constantinou, “Measurements and characterization of wideband indoor radio channel at 60  GHz,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol.  5, no. 4, pp. 880–889, Apr. 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, “DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  18, no. 13, pp. 1418–1420, July 2006.
[CrossRef]

2005

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Liu, Z. Jia, and G.-K. Chang, “Seamless integration of an 8×2.5  Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1986–1988, Sept. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, “All-optical 16×2.5  Gb/s WDM signals simultaneous up-conversion based on XPM in an NOLM in ROF systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett, vol.  17, no. 12, pp. 2724–2726, Dec. 2005.
[CrossRef]

2003

Arlunno, V.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. Tafur Monroy, “25  Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110  GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. J., vol.  4, no. 3, pp. 691–698, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Ataie, V.

V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, “Generation of 1500-tone, 120 nm-wide ultraflat frequency comb by single CW source,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2013, paper PDP5C.1.

Bakaul, M.

Beltrán, M.

X. Pang, M. Beltrán, J. Sánchez, E. Pellicer, J. J. Vegas Olmos, R. Llorente, and I. Tafur Monroy, “DWDM fiber-wireless access system with centralized optical frequency comb-based RF carrier generation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2013, paper JTh2A.

Borkowski, R.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. Tafur Monroy, “25  Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110  GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. J., vol.  4, no. 3, pp. 691–698, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Caballero, A.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. Tafur Monroy, “25  Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110  GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. J., vol.  4, no. 3, pp. 691–698, 2012.
[CrossRef]

K. Prince, J. Jensen, A. Caballero, X. Yu, T. Gibbon, D. Zibar, N. Guerrero, A. Osadchiy, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Converged wireline and wireless access over a 78-km deployed fiber long-reach WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1274–1276, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.-K.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, and G.-K. Chang, “Key enabling technologies for optical–wireless networks: Optical millimeter-wave generation, wavelength reuse, and architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 11, pp. 3452–3471, Nov. 2007.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, “DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  18, no. 13, pp. 1418–1420, July 2006.
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, “All-optical 16×2.5  Gb/s WDM signals simultaneous up-conversion based on XPM in an NOLM in ROF systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett, vol.  17, no. 12, pp. 2724–2726, Dec. 2005.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Liu, Z. Jia, and G.-K. Chang, “Seamless integration of an 8×2.5  Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1986–1988, Sept. 2005.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Dong, Y. Shao, N. Chi, G.-K. Chang, and L. Chen, “A novel architecture to provide super-broadband optical wireless access service,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper JTh2A.70.

Charbonnier, B.

M. Weiss, A. Stöhr, F. Lecoche, and B. Charbonnier, “27  Gbit/s photonic wireless 60  GHz transmission system using 16-QAM OFDM,” in IEEE Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), Valencia, 2009, postdeadline paper.

Chen, C.

Chen, J.

Chen, L.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, “DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  18, no. 13, pp. 1418–1420, July 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Dong, Y. Shao, N. Chi, G.-K. Chang, and L. Chen, “A novel architecture to provide super-broadband optical wireless access service,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper JTh2A.70.

Chen, Y.

Chi, N.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, Y. Shao, N. Chi, G.-K. Chang, and L. Chen, “A novel architecture to provide super-broadband optical wireless access service,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper JTh2A.70.

Chi, S.

P. Shih, C. Lin, W. Jiang, J. Chen, H. Huang, Y. Chen, P. Peng, and S. Chi, “WDM up-conversion employing frequency quadrupling in optical modulator,” Opt. Express, vol.  17, no. 3, pp. 1726–1733, 2009.
[CrossRef]

C. Ho, R. Sambaraju, W. Jiang, T. H. Lu, C. Wang, H. Yang, W. Lee, C. Lin, C. Wei, S. Chi, and A. Ng’oma, “50-Gb/s radio-over-fiber system employing MIMO and OFDM modulation at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OM2B.3.

Constantinou, P.

N. Moraitis and P. Constantinou, “Measurements and characterization of wideband indoor radio channel at 60  GHz,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol.  5, no. 4, pp. 880–889, Apr. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Deng, L.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. Tafur Monroy, “25  Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110  GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. J., vol.  4, no. 3, pp. 691–698, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Dogadaev, A.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. Tafur Monroy, “25  Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110  GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. J., vol.  4, no. 3, pp. 691–698, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Dong, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, Y. Shao, N. Chi, G.-K. Chang, and L. Chen, “A novel architecture to provide super-broadband optical wireless access service,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper JTh2A.70.

Ellinas, G.

Forchhammer, S.

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. Vegas Olmos, I. Tafur Monroy, and S. Forchhammer, “Tunable photonic RF generator for dynamic allocation and multicast of 1.25  Gbps channels in the 60  GHz unlicensed band,” in IEEE Int. Microwave Symp. (IMS), Seattle, WA, 2013, paper THPP-1.

Fukada, Y.

T. Tashiro, K. Miyamoto, T. Iwakuni, K. Hara, Y. Fukada, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, “40  km fiber transmission of time domain multiplexed MIMO RF signals for RoF-DAS over WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.4.

Gibbon, T.

K. Prince, J. Jensen, A. Caballero, X. Yu, T. Gibbon, D. Zibar, N. Guerrero, A. Osadchiy, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Converged wireline and wireless access over a 78-km deployed fiber long-reach WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1274–1276, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Gu, J.

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Liu, Z. Jia, and G.-K. Chang, “Seamless integration of an 8×2.5  Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1986–1988, Sept. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Guerrero, N.

K. Prince, J. Jensen, A. Caballero, X. Yu, T. Gibbon, D. Zibar, N. Guerrero, A. Osadchiy, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Converged wireline and wireless access over a 78-km deployed fiber long-reach WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1274–1276, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Hara, K.

T. Tashiro, K. Miyamoto, T. Iwakuni, K. Hara, Y. Fukada, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, “40  km fiber transmission of time domain multiplexed MIMO RF signals for RoF-DAS over WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.4.

Higashino, T.

T. Tashiro, K. Miyamoto, T. Iwakuni, K. Hara, Y. Fukada, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, “40  km fiber transmission of time domain multiplexed MIMO RF signals for RoF-DAS over WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.4.

Ho, C.

C. Ho, R. Sambaraju, W. Jiang, T. H. Lu, C. Wang, H. Yang, W. Lee, C. Lin, C. Wei, S. Chi, and A. Ng’oma, “50-Gb/s radio-over-fiber system employing MIMO and OFDM modulation at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OM2B.3.

Huang, H.

Iwakuni, T.

T. Tashiro, K. Miyamoto, T. Iwakuni, K. Hara, Y. Fukada, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, “40  km fiber transmission of time domain multiplexed MIMO RF signals for RoF-DAS over WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.4.

Iwatsuki, K.

T. Tashiro, K. Miyamoto, T. Iwakuni, K. Hara, Y. Fukada, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, “40  km fiber transmission of time domain multiplexed MIMO RF signals for RoF-DAS over WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.4.

Jensen, J.

K. Prince, J. Jensen, A. Caballero, X. Yu, T. Gibbon, D. Zibar, N. Guerrero, A. Osadchiy, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Converged wireline and wireless access over a 78-km deployed fiber long-reach WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1274–1276, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, and G.-K. Chang, “Key enabling technologies for optical–wireless networks: Optical millimeter-wave generation, wavelength reuse, and architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 11, pp. 3452–3471, Nov. 2007.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, “DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  18, no. 13, pp. 1418–1420, July 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Liu, Z. Jia, and G.-K. Chang, “Seamless integration of an 8×2.5  Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1986–1988, Sept. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, “All-optical 16×2.5  Gb/s WDM signals simultaneous up-conversion based on XPM in an NOLM in ROF systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett, vol.  17, no. 12, pp. 2724–2726, Dec. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W.

P. Shih, C. Lin, W. Jiang, J. Chen, H. Huang, Y. Chen, P. Peng, and S. Chi, “WDM up-conversion employing frequency quadrupling in optical modulator,” Opt. Express, vol.  17, no. 3, pp. 1726–1733, 2009.
[CrossRef]

W. Jiang, H. Yang, Y. Yang, C. Lin, and A. Ng’oma, “40  Gb/s RoF signal transmission with 10  m wireless distance at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.1.

C. Ho, R. Sambaraju, W. Jiang, T. H. Lu, C. Wang, H. Yang, W. Lee, C. Lin, C. Wei, S. Chi, and A. Ng’oma, “50-Gb/s radio-over-fiber system employing MIMO and OFDM modulation at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OM2B.3.

Jin, W.

C. Chen, C. F. Zhang, W. Zhang, W. Jin, and K. Qiu, “Hybrid WDM-OFDMA-PON utilising tunable generation of flat optical comb,” Electron. Lett., vol.  49, no. 4, pp. 276–277, 2013.
[CrossRef]

Kani, J.-I.

T. Tashiro, K. Miyamoto, T. Iwakuni, K. Hara, Y. Fukada, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, “40  km fiber transmission of time domain multiplexed MIMO RF signals for RoF-DAS over WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.4.

Kitayama, K.-I.

Komaki, S.

T. Tashiro, K. Miyamoto, T. Iwakuni, K. Hara, Y. Fukada, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, “40  km fiber transmission of time domain multiplexed MIMO RF signals for RoF-DAS over WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.4.

Kuo, B. P.-P.

V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, “Generation of 1500-tone, 120 nm-wide ultraflat frequency comb by single CW source,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2013, paper PDP5C.1.

Kuri, T.

Leaird, D. E.

Lebedev, A.

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. Vegas Olmos, I. Tafur Monroy, and S. Forchhammer, “Tunable photonic RF generator for dynamic allocation and multicast of 1.25  Gbps channels in the 60  GHz unlicensed band,” in IEEE Int. Microwave Symp. (IMS), Seattle, WA, 2013, paper THPP-1.

Lecoche, F.

M. Weiss, A. Stöhr, F. Lecoche, and B. Charbonnier, “27  Gbit/s photonic wireless 60  GHz transmission system using 16-QAM OFDM,” in IEEE Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), Valencia, 2009, postdeadline paper.

Lee, W.

C. Ho, R. Sambaraju, W. Jiang, T. H. Lu, C. Wang, H. Yang, W. Lee, C. Lin, C. Wei, S. Chi, and A. Ng’oma, “50-Gb/s radio-over-fiber system employing MIMO and OFDM modulation at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OM2B.3.

Lin, C.

P. Shih, C. Lin, W. Jiang, J. Chen, H. Huang, Y. Chen, P. Peng, and S. Chi, “WDM up-conversion employing frequency quadrupling in optical modulator,” Opt. Express, vol.  17, no. 3, pp. 1726–1733, 2009.
[CrossRef]

C. Ho, R. Sambaraju, W. Jiang, T. H. Lu, C. Wang, H. Yang, W. Lee, C. Lin, C. Wei, S. Chi, and A. Ng’oma, “50-Gb/s radio-over-fiber system employing MIMO and OFDM modulation at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OM2B.3.

W. Jiang, H. Yang, Y. Yang, C. Lin, and A. Ng’oma, “40  Gb/s RoF signal transmission with 10  m wireless distance at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.1.

Liu, D.

Liu, S.

Liu, X.

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Liu, Z. Jia, and G.-K. Chang, “Seamless integration of an 8×2.5  Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1986–1988, Sept. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Llorente, R.

X. Pang, M. Beltrán, J. Sánchez, E. Pellicer, J. J. Vegas Olmos, R. Llorente, and I. Tafur Monroy, “DWDM fiber-wireless access system with centralized optical frequency comb-based RF carrier generation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2013, paper JTh2A.

Long, C. M.

Lu, T. H.

C. Ho, R. Sambaraju, W. Jiang, T. H. Lu, C. Wang, H. Yang, W. Lee, C. Lin, C. Wei, S. Chi, and A. Ng’oma, “50-Gb/s radio-over-fiber system employing MIMO and OFDM modulation at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OM2B.3.

Miyamoto, K.

T. Tashiro, K. Miyamoto, T. Iwakuni, K. Hara, Y. Fukada, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, “40  km fiber transmission of time domain multiplexed MIMO RF signals for RoF-DAS over WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.4.

Moraitis, N.

N. Moraitis and P. Constantinou, “Measurements and characterization of wideband indoor radio channel at 60  GHz,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol.  5, no. 4, pp. 880–889, Apr. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Myslivets, E.

V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, “Generation of 1500-tone, 120 nm-wide ultraflat frequency comb by single CW source,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2013, paper PDP5C.1.

Ng’oma, A.

W. Jiang, H. Yang, Y. Yang, C. Lin, and A. Ng’oma, “40  Gb/s RoF signal transmission with 10  m wireless distance at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.1.

C. Ho, R. Sambaraju, W. Jiang, T. H. Lu, C. Wang, H. Yang, W. Lee, C. Lin, C. Wei, S. Chi, and A. Ng’oma, “50-Gb/s radio-over-fiber system employing MIMO and OFDM modulation at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OM2B.3.

Nirmalathas, A.

Osadchiy, A.

K. Prince, J. Jensen, A. Caballero, X. Yu, T. Gibbon, D. Zibar, N. Guerrero, A. Osadchiy, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Converged wireline and wireless access over a 78-km deployed fiber long-reach WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1274–1276, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Pang, X.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. Tafur Monroy, “25  Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110  GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. J., vol.  4, no. 3, pp. 691–698, 2012.
[CrossRef]

X. Pang, M. Beltrán, J. Sánchez, E. Pellicer, J. J. Vegas Olmos, R. Llorente, and I. Tafur Monroy, “DWDM fiber-wireless access system with centralized optical frequency comb-based RF carrier generation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2013, paper JTh2A.

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. Vegas Olmos, I. Tafur Monroy, and S. Forchhammer, “Tunable photonic RF generator for dynamic allocation and multicast of 1.25  Gbps channels in the 60  GHz unlicensed band,” in IEEE Int. Microwave Symp. (IMS), Seattle, WA, 2013, paper THPP-1.

Pedersen, J.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. Tafur Monroy, “25  Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110  GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. J., vol.  4, no. 3, pp. 691–698, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Pellicer, E.

X. Pang, M. Beltrán, J. Sánchez, E. Pellicer, J. J. Vegas Olmos, R. Llorente, and I. Tafur Monroy, “DWDM fiber-wireless access system with centralized optical frequency comb-based RF carrier generation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2013, paper JTh2A.

Peng, P.

Prince, K.

K. Prince, J. Jensen, A. Caballero, X. Yu, T. Gibbon, D. Zibar, N. Guerrero, A. Osadchiy, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Converged wireline and wireless access over a 78-km deployed fiber long-reach WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1274–1276, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Qiu, K.

Radic, S.

V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, “Generation of 1500-tone, 120 nm-wide ultraflat frequency comb by single CW source,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2013, paper PDP5C.1.

Razibul Islam, A. H. M.

Sambaraju, R.

C. Ho, R. Sambaraju, W. Jiang, T. H. Lu, C. Wang, H. Yang, W. Lee, C. Lin, C. Wei, S. Chi, and A. Ng’oma, “50-Gb/s radio-over-fiber system employing MIMO and OFDM modulation at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OM2B.3.

Sánchez, J.

X. Pang, M. Beltrán, J. Sánchez, E. Pellicer, J. J. Vegas Olmos, R. Llorente, and I. Tafur Monroy, “DWDM fiber-wireless access system with centralized optical frequency comb-based RF carrier generation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2013, paper JTh2A.

Shao, Y.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, Y. Shao, N. Chi, G.-K. Chang, and L. Chen, “A novel architecture to provide super-broadband optical wireless access service,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper JTh2A.70.

Shih, P.

Sono, T.

Stöhr, A.

M. Weiss, A. Stöhr, F. Lecoche, and B. Charbonnier, “27  Gbit/s photonic wireless 60  GHz transmission system using 16-QAM OFDM,” in IEEE Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), Valencia, 2009, postdeadline paper.

Supradeepa, V. R.

Tafur Monroy, I.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. Tafur Monroy, “25  Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110  GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. J., vol.  4, no. 3, pp. 691–698, 2012.
[CrossRef]

K. Prince, J. Jensen, A. Caballero, X. Yu, T. Gibbon, D. Zibar, N. Guerrero, A. Osadchiy, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Converged wireline and wireless access over a 78-km deployed fiber long-reach WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1274–1276, 2009.
[CrossRef]

X. Pang, M. Beltrán, J. Sánchez, E. Pellicer, J. J. Vegas Olmos, R. Llorente, and I. Tafur Monroy, “DWDM fiber-wireless access system with centralized optical frequency comb-based RF carrier generation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2013, paper JTh2A.

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. Vegas Olmos, I. Tafur Monroy, and S. Forchhammer, “Tunable photonic RF generator for dynamic allocation and multicast of 1.25  Gbps channels in the 60  GHz unlicensed band,” in IEEE Int. Microwave Symp. (IMS), Seattle, WA, 2013, paper THPP-1.

Tamura, K.

Tashiro, T.

T. Tashiro, K. Miyamoto, T. Iwakuni, K. Hara, Y. Fukada, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, “40  km fiber transmission of time domain multiplexed MIMO RF signals for RoF-DAS over WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.4.

Toda, H.

Town, G. E.

Tsukamoto, K.

T. Tashiro, K. Miyamoto, T. Iwakuni, K. Hara, Y. Fukada, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, “40  km fiber transmission of time domain multiplexed MIMO RF signals for RoF-DAS over WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.4.

Vegas Olmos, J. J.

J. J. Vegas Olmos, T. Kuri, T. Sono, K. Tamura, H. Toda, and K.-I. Kitayama, “Reconfigurable 2.5-Gb/s baseband and 60-GHz (155-Mb/s) millimeter-waveband radio-over-fiber (interleaving) access network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  26, no. 15, pp. 2506–2512, 2008.
[CrossRef]

X. Pang, M. Beltrán, J. Sánchez, E. Pellicer, J. J. Vegas Olmos, R. Llorente, and I. Tafur Monroy, “DWDM fiber-wireless access system with centralized optical frequency comb-based RF carrier generation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2013, paper JTh2A.

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. Vegas Olmos, I. Tafur Monroy, and S. Forchhammer, “Tunable photonic RF generator for dynamic allocation and multicast of 1.25  Gbps channels in the 60  GHz unlicensed band,” in IEEE Int. Microwave Symp. (IMS), Seattle, WA, 2013, paper THPP-1.

Wang, C.

C. Ho, R. Sambaraju, W. Jiang, T. H. Lu, C. Wang, H. Yang, W. Lee, C. Lin, C. Wei, S. Chi, and A. Ng’oma, “50-Gb/s radio-over-fiber system employing MIMO and OFDM modulation at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OM2B.3.

Wang, T.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, “DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  18, no. 13, pp. 1418–1420, July 2006.
[CrossRef]

Wei, C.

C. Ho, R. Sambaraju, W. Jiang, T. H. Lu, C. Wang, H. Yang, W. Lee, C. Lin, C. Wei, S. Chi, and A. Ng’oma, “50-Gb/s radio-over-fiber system employing MIMO and OFDM modulation at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OM2B.3.

Weiner, A. M.

Weiss, M.

M. Weiss, A. Stöhr, F. Lecoche, and B. Charbonnier, “27  Gbit/s photonic wireless 60  GHz transmission system using 16-QAM OFDM,” in IEEE Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), Valencia, 2009, postdeadline paper.

Wu, R.

Xu, L.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, “DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  18, no. 13, pp. 1418–1420, July 2006.
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

C. Ho, R. Sambaraju, W. Jiang, T. H. Lu, C. Wang, H. Yang, W. Lee, C. Lin, C. Wei, S. Chi, and A. Ng’oma, “50-Gb/s radio-over-fiber system employing MIMO and OFDM modulation at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OM2B.3.

W. Jiang, H. Yang, Y. Yang, C. Lin, and A. Ng’oma, “40  Gb/s RoF signal transmission with 10  m wireless distance at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.1.

Yang, L.

L. Yang, “MIMO-assisted space-code-division multiple-access: Linear detectors and performance over multipath fading channels,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  24, no. 1, pp. 121–131, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

W. Jiang, H. Yang, Y. Yang, C. Lin, and A. Ng’oma, “40  Gb/s RoF signal transmission with 10  m wireless distance at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.1.

Yoshimoto, N.

T. Tashiro, K. Miyamoto, T. Iwakuni, K. Hara, Y. Fukada, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, “40  km fiber transmission of time domain multiplexed MIMO RF signals for RoF-DAS over WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.4.

Yu, J.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, and G.-K. Chang, “Key enabling technologies for optical–wireless networks: Optical millimeter-wave generation, wavelength reuse, and architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 11, pp. 3452–3471, Nov. 2007.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, “DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  18, no. 13, pp. 1418–1420, July 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Liu, Z. Jia, and G.-K. Chang, “Seamless integration of an 8×2.5  Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1986–1988, Sept. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, “All-optical 16×2.5  Gb/s WDM signals simultaneous up-conversion based on XPM in an NOLM in ROF systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett, vol.  17, no. 12, pp. 2724–2726, Dec. 2005.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Dong, Y. Shao, N. Chi, G.-K. Chang, and L. Chen, “A novel architecture to provide super-broadband optical wireless access service,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper JTh2A.70.

Yu, X.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. Tafur Monroy, “25  Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110  GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. J., vol.  4, no. 3, pp. 691–698, 2012.
[CrossRef]

K. Prince, J. Jensen, A. Caballero, X. Yu, T. Gibbon, D. Zibar, N. Guerrero, A. Osadchiy, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Converged wireline and wireless access over a 78-km deployed fiber long-reach WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1274–1276, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

Zhang, C. F.

C. Chen, C. F. Zhang, W. Zhang, W. Jin, and K. Qiu, “Hybrid WDM-OFDMA-PON utilising tunable generation of flat optical comb,” Electron. Lett., vol.  49, no. 4, pp. 276–277, 2013.
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

C. Chen, C. F. Zhang, W. Zhang, W. Jin, and K. Qiu, “Hybrid WDM-OFDMA-PON utilising tunable generation of flat optical comb,” Electron. Lett., vol.  49, no. 4, pp. 276–277, 2013.
[CrossRef]

Zibar, D.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. Tafur Monroy, “25  Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110  GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. J., vol.  4, no. 3, pp. 691–698, 2012.
[CrossRef]

K. Prince, J. Jensen, A. Caballero, X. Yu, T. Gibbon, D. Zibar, N. Guerrero, A. Osadchiy, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Converged wireline and wireless access over a 78-km deployed fiber long-reach WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1274–1276, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

C. Chen, C. F. Zhang, W. Zhang, W. Jin, and K. Qiu, “Hybrid WDM-OFDMA-PON utilising tunable generation of flat optical comb,” Electron. Lett., vol.  49, no. 4, pp. 276–277, 2013.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

L. Yang, “MIMO-assisted space-code-division multiple-access: Linear detectors and performance over multipath fading channels,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  24, no. 1, pp. 121–131, 2006.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. Pedersen, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. Tafur Monroy, “25  Gbit/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-Band (75-110  GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. J., vol.  4, no. 3, pp. 691–698, 2012.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, “All-optical 16×2.5  Gb/s WDM signals simultaneous up-conversion based on XPM in an NOLM in ROF systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett, vol.  17, no. 12, pp. 2724–2726, Dec. 2005.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Prince, J. Jensen, A. Caballero, X. Yu, T. Gibbon, D. Zibar, N. Guerrero, A. Osadchiy, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Converged wireline and wireless access over a 78-km deployed fiber long-reach WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 17, pp. 1274–1276, 2009.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, “DWDM optical millimeter-wave generation for radio-over-fiber using an optical phase modulator and an optical interleaver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  18, no. 13, pp. 1418–1420, July 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Liu, Z. Jia, and G.-K. Chang, “Seamless integration of an 8×2.5  Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1986–1988, Sept. 2005.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun.

N. Moraitis and P. Constantinou, “Measurements and characterization of wideband indoor radio channel at 60  GHz,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol.  5, no. 4, pp. 880–889, Apr. 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

V. Ataie, B. P.-P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, “Generation of 1500-tone, 120 nm-wide ultraflat frequency comb by single CW source,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2013, paper PDP5C.1.

X. Pang, M. Beltrán, J. Sánchez, E. Pellicer, J. J. Vegas Olmos, R. Llorente, and I. Tafur Monroy, “DWDM fiber-wireless access system with centralized optical frequency comb-based RF carrier generation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2013, paper JTh2A.

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. Vegas Olmos, I. Tafur Monroy, and S. Forchhammer, “Tunable photonic RF generator for dynamic allocation and multicast of 1.25  Gbps channels in the 60  GHz unlicensed band,” in IEEE Int. Microwave Symp. (IMS), Seattle, WA, 2013, paper THPP-1.

“Cisco Visual Networking Index: Forecast and Methodology, 2011–2016,” Cisco White Paper, May30, 2012 [Online]. Available: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns525/ns537/ns705/ns827/white_paper_c11-481360.pdf

J. Yu, Z. Dong, Y. Shao, N. Chi, G.-K. Chang, and L. Chen, “A novel architecture to provide super-broadband optical wireless access service,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper JTh2A.70.

M. Weiss, A. Stöhr, F. Lecoche, and B. Charbonnier, “27  Gbit/s photonic wireless 60  GHz transmission system using 16-QAM OFDM,” in IEEE Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), Valencia, 2009, postdeadline paper.

C. Ho, R. Sambaraju, W. Jiang, T. H. Lu, C. Wang, H. Yang, W. Lee, C. Lin, C. Wei, S. Chi, and A. Ng’oma, “50-Gb/s radio-over-fiber system employing MIMO and OFDM modulation at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OM2B.3.

W. Jiang, H. Yang, Y. Yang, C. Lin, and A. Ng’oma, “40  Gb/s RoF signal transmission with 10  m wireless distance at 60  GHz,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.1.

T. Tashiro, K. Miyamoto, T. Iwakuni, K. Hara, Y. Fukada, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, “40  km fiber transmission of time domain multiplexed MIMO RF signals for RoF-DAS over WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, 2012, paper OTu2H.4.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scenario of future WDM-based hybrid optical fiber-wireless access networks. RN, remote node; LAN, local area network; ITS, intelligent transport system; FTTH, fiber-to-the-home; FWA, fixed wireless access.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Conceptual diagram of the proposed DWDM fiber-wireless system using OFC-based incoherent heterodyne upconversion. IM, intensity modulator; AWG, arrayed waveguide grating; OFC, optical frequency comb; PD, photodetector; LPF, low-pass filter. [Insets: (i) simulated optical spectra at the output of the OFC generator, (ii) optical spectra of the combined signal and OFC, and (iii) corresponding RF spectra after heterodyne mixing at the PD.]

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup of the proposed fiber-wireless system based on OFC. PPG, pulse-pattern generator; SSMF, standard single-mode fiber; MZM, Mach–Zehnder modulator; LO, local oscillator; BERT, bit-error-rate tester; DSO, digital storage oscilloscope. [Insets: (i) optical spectra of the OFC and (ii) optical spectra of the combined signal and OFC.]

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Measured versus simulated 60 GHz RF power versus ratio of LO power and signal power. (b) RF power versus optical power when PLO/PSig=0dB.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured BER curves as a function of received optical power for the baseband signal before and after fiber transmission at the wireline user terminal.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

BER curves versus optical power at the PD of the received 60 GHz wireless signal at the wireless user terminal in the case of (a) single-line LO and (b) OFC-based LO, after transmissions over a variety of wireless distances.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E^Sig(t)=PSigI(t)ej(ωSigt+φSig),
E^OFC(t)=k=1NPCej(ωkt+φC),
Eout(t)|E^Sig+jE^OFC|2=|E^Sig|2+|E^OFC|2+ERF(t),
ERF(t)=2PSigPCI(t)k=1Nsin(Δωkt+Δφ)Δωk=ωkωSig,(k=1,2,,N),Δφ=φCφSig,
(POFC/PSig)dB=10log10(N)dB.