We investigate spatial diversity techniques for subcarrier phase-shift keying (PSK)-modulated optical wireless communication links over the Gamma–Gamma channels. Both repetition code and the Alamouti-type orthogonal space–time block code (OSTBC) are considered. Highly accurate series error rate expressions are derived by using a moment generating function approach with a series expansion of the modified Bessel function. Truncation error analyses and asymptotic error rate analyses are also presented. Our asymptotic analyses show that the diversity order of the studied system depends only on the effective number of small-scale cells of the scattering process in the atmosphere. Our performance analyses confirm that the repetition code outperforms OSTBC for subcarrier PSK-based systems over the Gamma–Gamma channels. The asymptotic performance loss of the Alamouti-coded system with respect to the repetition-coded system is also quantified analytically.
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