Abstract

Stackable reconfigurable optical add–drop multiplexers (S-ROADMs) have been proposed for single-fiber coarse wavelength division multiplexing (CWDM) ring networks so as to perform lightpath reconfiguration remotely. The S-ROADM consists of some modules with different wavelengths required in the node, and with this facility manual ROADM reconfiguration can be performed for low-cost transmission systems. The experimental results clarified that the S-ROADM could multiplex and demultiplex the wavelengths successfully without limiting the wavelengths passing through, making the network’s wavelength transparent. The self-healing performance was investigated during a fiber cut in the single-fiber ring networks. Insertion of a new module inside the in-service S-ROADM was also accomplished to increase bandwidth for new users. The experimental results clarify that S-ROADMs provide more flexible CWDM networks in terms of reconfigurability and scalability.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

Md. Nooruzzaman, S. Kawai, N. T. T. Thuy, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Wavelength transparent IP-over-CWDM network with stackable ROADMs for best-effort performance,” IEEJ Trans. Electr. Electron. Eng., vol.  7, pp. 300–307, 2012.

2011 (1)

R. Zahilah, S. Nishiuma, Md. Nooruzzaman, N. T. T. Thuy, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Lightpath route management system for IP-over-CWDM network with ROADMs, based on a ROADM graph,” Int. J. Innovative Comput. Inf. Control, vol.  7, no. 5(A), pp. 2485–2501, 2011.

2009 (1)

K. Ahmad and A. C. Begen, “IPTV and video networks in the 2015 timeframe: The evolution to medianets,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 12, pp. 68–74, Dec. 2009.

2008 (1)

M. Hashimoto, A. Ueno, M. Taniue, S. Kawase, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Design and control system over WWW for regional CWDM optical IP networks with reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexers,” Int. J. Innovative Comput. Inf. Control, vol.  4, no. 6, pp. 1299–1313, 2008.

2007 (2)

L. G. Kazovsky, W.-T. Shaw, D. Gutierrez, N. Cheng, and S.-W. Wong, “Next-generation optical access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 11, pp. 3428–3442, Nov. 2007.

X. Sun, C.-K. Chan, Z. Wang, C. Lin, and L.-K. Chen, “A single-fiber bi-directional WDM self-healing ring network with bi-directional OADM for metro-access applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  25, no. 3, pp. 18–24, Apr. 2007.

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

Y. H. Joo, G. W. Lee, R. K. Kim, S. H. Park, K. W. Song, J. Koh, S. T. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, “1-fiber WDM self-healing ring with bidirectional optical add/drop multiplexers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  16, pp. 683–685, Feb. 2004.

2003 (2)

S. B. Park, C. H. Lee, S. G. Kang, and S. B. Lee, “Bidirectional WDM self-healing ring network for hub/remote nodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, pp. 1657–1659, Nov. 2003.

H. Hayashi, K. Ohara, H. Tanaka, M. Daikoku, T. Ontani, and M. Suzuki, “Highly reliable optical bidirectional path switched ring applicable to photonic IP networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  21, no. 2, pp. 1356–1364, 2003.

2000 (1)

B. Mukherjee, “WDM optical communication networks: Progress and challenges,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  18, pp. 1810–1824, Oct. 2000.

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

J. F. Bakhti, L. Berthelon, F. Bruyere, M. W. Chbat, D. Chiaroni, C. Drion, G. J. Eilenberger, M. Garnot, F. Masetti, P. A. Perrier, and M. Renaud, “Key building blocks for high-capacity WDM photonic transport networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  16, no. 7, pp. 1286–1297, 1998.

1992 (1)

T. H. Wu and W. I. Way, “A novel passive protected SONET bidirectional self-healing ring architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  10, no. 9, pp. 1314–1322, 1992.

Ahmad, K.

K. Ahmad and A. C. Begen, “IPTV and video networks in the 2015 timeframe: The evolution to medianets,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 12, pp. 68–74, Dec. 2009.

Bakhti, J. F.

J. F. Bakhti, L. Berthelon, F. Bruyere, M. W. Chbat, D. Chiaroni, C. Drion, G. J. Eilenberger, M. Garnot, F. Masetti, P. A. Perrier, and M. Renaud, “Key building blocks for high-capacity WDM photonic transport networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  16, no. 7, pp. 1286–1297, 1998.

Begen, A. C.

K. Ahmad and A. C. Begen, “IPTV and video networks in the 2015 timeframe: The evolution to medianets,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 12, pp. 68–74, Dec. 2009.

Berthelon, L.

J. F. Bakhti, L. Berthelon, F. Bruyere, M. W. Chbat, D. Chiaroni, C. Drion, G. J. Eilenberger, M. Garnot, F. Masetti, P. A. Perrier, and M. Renaud, “Key building blocks for high-capacity WDM photonic transport networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  16, no. 7, pp. 1286–1297, 1998.

Bruyere, F.

J. F. Bakhti, L. Berthelon, F. Bruyere, M. W. Chbat, D. Chiaroni, C. Drion, G. J. Eilenberger, M. Garnot, F. Masetti, P. A. Perrier, and M. Renaud, “Key building blocks for high-capacity WDM photonic transport networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  16, no. 7, pp. 1286–1297, 1998.

Chan, C.-K.

X. Sun, C.-K. Chan, Z. Wang, C. Lin, and L.-K. Chen, “A single-fiber bi-directional WDM self-healing ring network with bi-directional OADM for metro-access applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  25, no. 3, pp. 18–24, Apr. 2007.

Chbat, M. W.

J. F. Bakhti, L. Berthelon, F. Bruyere, M. W. Chbat, D. Chiaroni, C. Drion, G. J. Eilenberger, M. Garnot, F. Masetti, P. A. Perrier, and M. Renaud, “Key building blocks for high-capacity WDM photonic transport networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  16, no. 7, pp. 1286–1297, 1998.

Chen, L.-K.

X. Sun, C.-K. Chan, Z. Wang, C. Lin, and L.-K. Chen, “A single-fiber bi-directional WDM self-healing ring network with bi-directional OADM for metro-access applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  25, no. 3, pp. 18–24, Apr. 2007.

Cheng, N.

Chiaroni, D.

J. F. Bakhti, L. Berthelon, F. Bruyere, M. W. Chbat, D. Chiaroni, C. Drion, G. J. Eilenberger, M. Garnot, F. Masetti, P. A. Perrier, and M. Renaud, “Key building blocks for high-capacity WDM photonic transport networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  16, no. 7, pp. 1286–1297, 1998.

Daikoku, M.

H. Hayashi, K. Ohara, H. Tanaka, M. Daikoku, T. Ontani, and M. Suzuki, “Highly reliable optical bidirectional path switched ring applicable to photonic IP networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  21, no. 2, pp. 1356–1364, 2003.

Drion, C.

J. F. Bakhti, L. Berthelon, F. Bruyere, M. W. Chbat, D. Chiaroni, C. Drion, G. J. Eilenberger, M. Garnot, F. Masetti, P. A. Perrier, and M. Renaud, “Key building blocks for high-capacity WDM photonic transport networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  16, no. 7, pp. 1286–1297, 1998.

Eilenberger, G. J.

J. F. Bakhti, L. Berthelon, F. Bruyere, M. W. Chbat, D. Chiaroni, C. Drion, G. J. Eilenberger, M. Garnot, F. Masetti, P. A. Perrier, and M. Renaud, “Key building blocks for high-capacity WDM photonic transport networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  16, no. 7, pp. 1286–1297, 1998.

Fang, X. J.

Garnot, M.

J. F. Bakhti, L. Berthelon, F. Bruyere, M. W. Chbat, D. Chiaroni, C. Drion, G. J. Eilenberger, M. Garnot, F. Masetti, P. A. Perrier, and M. Renaud, “Key building blocks for high-capacity WDM photonic transport networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  16, no. 7, pp. 1286–1297, 1998.

Gutierrez, D.

Hashimoto, M.

M. Hashimoto, A. Ueno, M. Taniue, S. Kawase, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Design and control system over WWW for regional CWDM optical IP networks with reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexers,” Int. J. Innovative Comput. Inf. Control, vol.  4, no. 6, pp. 1299–1313, 2008.

Y. Katsuyama, M. Hashimoto, K. Nishikawa, A. Ueno, Md. Nooruzzaman, and O. Koyama, “Lightpath reconfiguration in regional IP-over-WDM networks by a centralized control system,” in 32nd Annu. IEEE Conf. on Local Computer Networks, Dublin, Ireland, Oct. 2007, pp. 63–69.

Hayashi, H.

H. Hayashi, K. Ohara, H. Tanaka, M. Daikoku, T. Ontani, and M. Suzuki, “Highly reliable optical bidirectional path switched ring applicable to photonic IP networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  21, no. 2, pp. 1356–1364, 2003.

Hwang, S. T.

Y. H. Joo, G. W. Lee, R. K. Kim, S. H. Park, K. W. Song, J. Koh, S. T. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, “1-fiber WDM self-healing ring with bidirectional optical add/drop multiplexers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  16, pp. 683–685, Feb. 2004.

Iraschko, R.

Joo, Y. H.

Y. H. Joo, G. W. Lee, R. K. Kim, S. H. Park, K. W. Song, J. Koh, S. T. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, “1-fiber WDM self-healing ring with bidirectional optical add/drop multiplexers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  16, pp. 683–685, Feb. 2004.

Kang, S. G.

S. B. Park, C. H. Lee, S. G. Kang, and S. B. Lee, “Bidirectional WDM self-healing ring network for hub/remote nodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, pp. 1657–1659, Nov. 2003.

Katsuyama, Y.

Md. Nooruzzaman, S. Kawai, N. T. T. Thuy, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Wavelength transparent IP-over-CWDM network with stackable ROADMs for best-effort performance,” IEEJ Trans. Electr. Electron. Eng., vol.  7, pp. 300–307, 2012.

R. Zahilah, S. Nishiuma, Md. Nooruzzaman, N. T. T. Thuy, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Lightpath route management system for IP-over-CWDM network with ROADMs, based on a ROADM graph,” Int. J. Innovative Comput. Inf. Control, vol.  7, no. 5(A), pp. 2485–2501, 2011.

M. Hashimoto, A. Ueno, M. Taniue, S. Kawase, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Design and control system over WWW for regional CWDM optical IP networks with reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexers,” Int. J. Innovative Comput. Inf. Control, vol.  4, no. 6, pp. 1299–1313, 2008.

Md. Nooruzzaman, N. T. T. Thuy, R. Zahilah, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Stackable ROADM with optical amplifier for use in IP-over-CWDM networks,” in 17th Asia-Pacific Conf. on Communication, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, Oct.2–5, 2011, pp. 90–95.

Y. Katsuyama, M. Hashimoto, K. Nishikawa, A. Ueno, Md. Nooruzzaman, and O. Koyama, “Lightpath reconfiguration in regional IP-over-WDM networks by a centralized control system,” in 32nd Annu. IEEE Conf. on Local Computer Networks, Dublin, Ireland, Oct. 2007, pp. 63–69.

Kawai, S.

Md. Nooruzzaman, S. Kawai, N. T. T. Thuy, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Wavelength transparent IP-over-CWDM network with stackable ROADMs for best-effort performance,” IEEJ Trans. Electr. Electron. Eng., vol.  7, pp. 300–307, 2012.

Kawase, S.

M. Hashimoto, A. Ueno, M. Taniue, S. Kawase, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Design and control system over WWW for regional CWDM optical IP networks with reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexers,” Int. J. Innovative Comput. Inf. Control, vol.  4, no. 6, pp. 1299–1313, 2008.

Kazovsky, L. G.

Kim, R. K.

Y. H. Joo, G. W. Lee, R. K. Kim, S. H. Park, K. W. Song, J. Koh, S. T. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, “1-fiber WDM self-healing ring with bidirectional optical add/drop multiplexers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  16, pp. 683–685, Feb. 2004.

Koh, J.

Y. H. Joo, G. W. Lee, R. K. Kim, S. H. Park, K. W. Song, J. Koh, S. T. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, “1-fiber WDM self-healing ring with bidirectional optical add/drop multiplexers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  16, pp. 683–685, Feb. 2004.

Koyama, O.

Md. Nooruzzaman, S. Kawai, N. T. T. Thuy, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Wavelength transparent IP-over-CWDM network with stackable ROADMs for best-effort performance,” IEEJ Trans. Electr. Electron. Eng., vol.  7, pp. 300–307, 2012.

R. Zahilah, S. Nishiuma, Md. Nooruzzaman, N. T. T. Thuy, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Lightpath route management system for IP-over-CWDM network with ROADMs, based on a ROADM graph,” Int. J. Innovative Comput. Inf. Control, vol.  7, no. 5(A), pp. 2485–2501, 2011.

M. Hashimoto, A. Ueno, M. Taniue, S. Kawase, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Design and control system over WWW for regional CWDM optical IP networks with reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexers,” Int. J. Innovative Comput. Inf. Control, vol.  4, no. 6, pp. 1299–1313, 2008.

Md. Nooruzzaman, N. T. T. Thuy, R. Zahilah, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Stackable ROADM with optical amplifier for use in IP-over-CWDM networks,” in 17th Asia-Pacific Conf. on Communication, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, Oct.2–5, 2011, pp. 90–95.

Y. Katsuyama, M. Hashimoto, K. Nishikawa, A. Ueno, Md. Nooruzzaman, and O. Koyama, “Lightpath reconfiguration in regional IP-over-WDM networks by a centralized control system,” in 32nd Annu. IEEE Conf. on Local Computer Networks, Dublin, Ireland, Oct. 2007, pp. 63–69.

Lee, C. H.

S. B. Park, C. H. Lee, S. G. Kang, and S. B. Lee, “Bidirectional WDM self-healing ring network for hub/remote nodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, pp. 1657–1659, Nov. 2003.

Lee, G. W.

Y. H. Joo, G. W. Lee, R. K. Kim, S. H. Park, K. W. Song, J. Koh, S. T. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, “1-fiber WDM self-healing ring with bidirectional optical add/drop multiplexers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  16, pp. 683–685, Feb. 2004.

Lee, S. B.

S. B. Park, C. H. Lee, S. G. Kang, and S. B. Lee, “Bidirectional WDM self-healing ring network for hub/remote nodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, pp. 1657–1659, Nov. 2003.

Li, M.-J.

Lin, C.

X. Sun, C.-K. Chan, Z. Wang, C. Lin, and L.-K. Chen, “A single-fiber bi-directional WDM self-healing ring network with bi-directional OADM for metro-access applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  25, no. 3, pp. 18–24, Apr. 2007.

Masetti, F.

J. F. Bakhti, L. Berthelon, F. Bruyere, M. W. Chbat, D. Chiaroni, C. Drion, G. J. Eilenberger, M. Garnot, F. Masetti, P. A. Perrier, and M. Renaud, “Key building blocks for high-capacity WDM photonic transport networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  16, no. 7, pp. 1286–1297, 1998.

Mukherjee, B.

H. Zhu and B. Mukherjee, “Online connection provisioning in metro optical WDM networks using reconfigurable OADMs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  23, pp. 2893–2901, 2005.

B. Mukherjee, “WDM optical communication networks: Progress and challenges,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  18, pp. 1810–1824, Oct. 2000.

Nederlof, L.

Nishikawa, K.

Y. Katsuyama, M. Hashimoto, K. Nishikawa, A. Ueno, Md. Nooruzzaman, and O. Koyama, “Lightpath reconfiguration in regional IP-over-WDM networks by a centralized control system,” in 32nd Annu. IEEE Conf. on Local Computer Networks, Dublin, Ireland, Oct. 2007, pp. 63–69.

Nishiuma, S.

R. Zahilah, S. Nishiuma, Md. Nooruzzaman, N. T. T. Thuy, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Lightpath route management system for IP-over-CWDM network with ROADMs, based on a ROADM graph,” Int. J. Innovative Comput. Inf. Control, vol.  7, no. 5(A), pp. 2485–2501, 2011.

Nooruzzaman, Md.

Md. Nooruzzaman, S. Kawai, N. T. T. Thuy, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Wavelength transparent IP-over-CWDM network with stackable ROADMs for best-effort performance,” IEEJ Trans. Electr. Electron. Eng., vol.  7, pp. 300–307, 2012.

R. Zahilah, S. Nishiuma, Md. Nooruzzaman, N. T. T. Thuy, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Lightpath route management system for IP-over-CWDM network with ROADMs, based on a ROADM graph,” Int. J. Innovative Comput. Inf. Control, vol.  7, no. 5(A), pp. 2485–2501, 2011.

Y. Katsuyama, M. Hashimoto, K. Nishikawa, A. Ueno, Md. Nooruzzaman, and O. Koyama, “Lightpath reconfiguration in regional IP-over-WDM networks by a centralized control system,” in 32nd Annu. IEEE Conf. on Local Computer Networks, Dublin, Ireland, Oct. 2007, pp. 63–69.

Md. Nooruzzaman, N. T. T. Thuy, R. Zahilah, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Stackable ROADM with optical amplifier for use in IP-over-CWDM networks,” in 17th Asia-Pacific Conf. on Communication, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, Oct.2–5, 2011, pp. 90–95.

Oh, Y.

Y. H. Joo, G. W. Lee, R. K. Kim, S. H. Park, K. W. Song, J. Koh, S. T. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, “1-fiber WDM self-healing ring with bidirectional optical add/drop multiplexers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  16, pp. 683–685, Feb. 2004.

Ohara, K.

H. Hayashi, K. Ohara, H. Tanaka, M. Daikoku, T. Ontani, and M. Suzuki, “Highly reliable optical bidirectional path switched ring applicable to photonic IP networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  21, no. 2, pp. 1356–1364, 2003.

Ontani, T.

H. Hayashi, K. Ohara, H. Tanaka, M. Daikoku, T. Ontani, and M. Suzuki, “Highly reliable optical bidirectional path switched ring applicable to photonic IP networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  21, no. 2, pp. 1356–1364, 2003.

Park, S. B.

S. B. Park, C. H. Lee, S. G. Kang, and S. B. Lee, “Bidirectional WDM self-healing ring network for hub/remote nodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, pp. 1657–1659, Nov. 2003.

Park, S. H.

Y. H. Joo, G. W. Lee, R. K. Kim, S. H. Park, K. W. Song, J. Koh, S. T. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, “1-fiber WDM self-healing ring with bidirectional optical add/drop multiplexers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  16, pp. 683–685, Feb. 2004.

Perrier, P. A.

J. F. Bakhti, L. Berthelon, F. Bruyere, M. W. Chbat, D. Chiaroni, C. Drion, G. J. Eilenberger, M. Garnot, F. Masetti, P. A. Perrier, and M. Renaud, “Key building blocks for high-capacity WDM photonic transport networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  16, no. 7, pp. 1286–1297, 1998.

Renaud, M.

J. F. Bakhti, L. Berthelon, F. Bruyere, M. W. Chbat, D. Chiaroni, C. Drion, G. J. Eilenberger, M. Garnot, F. Masetti, P. A. Perrier, and M. Renaud, “Key building blocks for high-capacity WDM photonic transport networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  16, no. 7, pp. 1286–1297, 1998.

Sharma, R.

Shaw, W.-T.

Shim, C.

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IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. H. Joo, G. W. Lee, R. K. Kim, S. H. Park, K. W. Song, J. Koh, S. T. Hwang, Y. Oh, and C. Shim, “1-fiber WDM self-healing ring with bidirectional optical add/drop multiplexers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  16, pp. 683–685, Feb. 2004.

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Int. J. Innovative Comput. Inf. Control (2)

R. Zahilah, S. Nishiuma, Md. Nooruzzaman, N. T. T. Thuy, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Lightpath route management system for IP-over-CWDM network with ROADMs, based on a ROADM graph,” Int. J. Innovative Comput. Inf. Control, vol.  7, no. 5(A), pp. 2485–2501, 2011.

M. Hashimoto, A. Ueno, M. Taniue, S. Kawase, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Design and control system over WWW for regional CWDM optical IP networks with reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexers,” Int. J. Innovative Comput. Inf. Control, vol.  4, no. 6, pp. 1299–1313, 2008.

J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

Other (3)

J. Wagener and T. Strasser, “Characterization of the economic impact of stranded bandwidth in fixed OADM relative to ROADM networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2006, paper OThM6.

Y. Katsuyama, M. Hashimoto, K. Nishikawa, A. Ueno, Md. Nooruzzaman, and O. Koyama, “Lightpath reconfiguration in regional IP-over-WDM networks by a centralized control system,” in 32nd Annu. IEEE Conf. on Local Computer Networks, Dublin, Ireland, Oct. 2007, pp. 63–69.

Md. Nooruzzaman, N. T. T. Thuy, R. Zahilah, O. Koyama, and Y. Katsuyama, “Stackable ROADM with optical amplifier for use in IP-over-CWDM networks,” in 17th Asia-Pacific Conf. on Communication, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, Oct.2–5, 2011, pp. 90–95.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

S-ROADM: (a) internal architecture of a two-module S-ROADM, (b) schematic diagram of S-ROADM, (c) structure of three-port OADM, and (d) 2×2 add–drop switch.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Add–drop loss of the S-ROADM consists of four modules.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Drop loss and (b) add loss of the S-ROADM consisting of three modules.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

PT loss of S-ROADM when (a) all SWs were set to state C0 and (b) all SWs were set to state C1.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Multiplexing and demultiplexing properties of S-ROADM: measured (a) multiplexed and (b) demultiplexed optical power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Five-node single-fiber ring network with S-ROADMs.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Details of wavelength allocation for each lightpath and wavelength transmission direction on lightpaths: (a) lightpath set LS0 and (b) wavelength notation in each module for LS0; (c) lightpath set LS1 (d) and wavelength notation in each module for LS1.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Effect of fiber cut: (a) fiber cut between nodes 1 and 2, (b) network topology and lightpath map, (c) remaining lightpaths after fiber cut.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Monitored ICMP packets via L1 and L5 when fiber failure occurred between nodes 1 and 2.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Lightpath L7 has been removed when P2 and P2 were disconnected for adding a new module (M3) in node 1.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Monitored packets when a module was inserted into S-ROADM in node 1.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

(a) Lightpaths for a seven-node network with four wavelength sets. (b) Interleaved wavelength allocations for each wavelength set.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

TABLE I Possible Transmissions in an S-ROADM Module

Tables Icon

TABLE II Upper and Lower Band Wavelength-Allocation Scheme

Tables Icon

TABLE III Interleaved-Band Wavelength-Allocation Scheme

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Lad(n)=2(n1)Lr+Lp+LswforCW,
Ldp(n)=2(n1)Lr+Lp+LswforCW,
Lad(n)=(2n1)Lr+Lp+LswforCCW,
Ldp(n)=(2n1)Lr+Lp+LswforCCW,
LPT(n)=4(n1)Lr+2Lp+LswforCW,
LPT(n)=2(2n1)Lr+2Lp+LswforCCW,
LPT(λRλs)=2×2NLr,
Loss(dB)=10log(Pi/Po).
Li(dB)=Lad+KLPT(K)+Ldp,
Lf(dB)=28Li,
l(km)=Lf(dB)×4(km/dB),