Abstract

Design tools for the quintuple-play service provisioning in a long-reach passive optical network (LR-PON) using off-the-shelf directly modulated lasers (DMLs) are experimentally demonstrated. The quintuple-play service including broadband wired Internet, phone/voice data, wireless high-definition TV, wireless data, and home security/control is provided by a radio-over-fiber bundle of multi-format orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signals. This bundle occupies a multi-octave band and consists of a full-standard worldwide-interoperability-for-microwave access signal, a long-term evolution signal, two ultra-wideband channels, and an ad hoc OFDM signal providing gigabit Ethernet connectivity. Dynamic centralized impairment compensation, fixed optical dispersion compensation, proper selection of the multiplexed signal level applied to the DML, and unbalanced power sharing between the different OFDM-based signal formats are shown as effective design tools for the delivery of the quintuple-play service to end-users. The experimental validation confirms that the DMLs are an effective solution to deliver the quintuple-play service to end-users 125 km away from the central office. Additionally, it is shown that the directly modulated LR-PON employing negative residual dispersion is able to provide the quintuple-play service to end-users located between 75 and 125 km away from the central office with an error vector magnitude (EVM) margin, relative to the EVM stated in each signal standard, by more than 1 dB. Therefore, the proposed directly modulated LR-PON is a cost-effective alternative to networks using external modulation for the provision of wireless and wired quintuple-play service to end-users using a single hybrid network.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and T. Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10  Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1  ms transmission latency,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2012, paper PDP5B.7.
  2. L. Kazovsky, S. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, and A. Shastri, “Hybrid optical-wireless access networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1197–1225, May 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Luo, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijetic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, Mar. 2006, paper NThG1.
  4. A. Nirmalathas, P. Gamage, C. Lim, and R. Waterhouse, “Digitized radio-over-fiber technologies for converged optical wireless access network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 16, pp. 2366–2375, Aug. 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Cartaxo, J. Morgado, and D. Fonseca, “A perspective on optical-wireless converged NG-FTTH networks using directly modulated lasers,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, Sweden, 2011, paper Mo.B4.3.
  6. Fully-converged quintuple-play integrated optical-wireless access architectures, http://www.ict-fiver.eu/index.php .
  7. FSAN Next Generation PON Task Group, http://www.fsan.org/task-groups/ngpon/ .
  8. C. Rodrigues, A. Gamelas, F. Carvalho, and A. Cartaxo, “Evolution of FTTH networks based on radio-over-fibre,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, June 2011, paper Tu.B6.6.
  9. D. Shea and J. Mitchell, “A 10  Gb/s 1024-way-split 100 km long-reach optical-access network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 3, pp. 685–693, Mar. 2007.
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, C. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express, vol.  16, no. 16, pp. 12096–12101, July 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Morant, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission impairment compensation using broadband channel sounding in multi-format OFDM-based long-reach PONs,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2012, paper OW3B.2.
  13. T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission of OFDM wired-wireless quintuple-play services along WDM LR-PONs using centralized broadband impairment compensation,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 13, pp. 13748–13761, June 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Wired-wireless services provision in FSAN NG-PON2 compliant long-reach PONs: performance analysis,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, Mar. 2013, paper OM3D.3.
  15. A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, M. Ouzzif, L. Neto, R. Xia, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Hélard, J. Masson, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “Optical transmission performance for DML considering laser chirp and fiber dispersion using AMOOFDM,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Modern Telecommunication and Control Systems and Workshops, Moscow, Oct. 2010, pp. 1022–1026.
  16. J. Morgado, D. Fonseca, and A. Cartaxo, “Experimental study of coexistence of multi-band OFDM-UWB and OFDM-baseband signals in long-reach PONs using directly modulated lasers,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, no. 23, pp. 23601–23612, Nov. 2011.
    [CrossRef]
  17. Z. Al-Qazwini and H. Kim, “Symmetric 10  Gb/s WDM-PON using directly modulated lasers for downlink and RSOAs for uplink,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 12, pp. 1891–1899, June 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Yuang, P. Tien, D. Hsu, S. Chen, C. Wei, J. Shih, and J. Chen, “A high performance OFDMA PON system architecture and medium access control,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 11, pp. 1685–1693, June 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  19. L. Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long-distances PON networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2011, paper OWK4.
  20. P. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Wong, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance comparison of directly modulated VCSEL and DFB lasers in wired-wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 24, pp. 2102–2104, Dec. 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  21. C. Yeh, C. Chow, H. Chen, and J. Sung, “Hybrid OFDM-based multi-band wireless and baseband signal transmission in PON access,” Electron. Lett., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 390–392, Mar. 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  22. T. Quinlan, S. Dudley, M. Morant, R. Llorente, and S. Walker, “VCSEL-based, CWDM-PON system using reflective technology for bi-directional multi-play service provision,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 15, pp. 16726–16734, July 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  23. T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Experimental assessment of the performance of bidirectional OFDM-based wireless-wired services in next-generation LR-PONs,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Cartagena, June 2013, Invited Paper.
  24. C. Lim, K. Lee, E. Wong, R. Tucker, and A. Tran, “Crosstalk investigation for optical transport schemes in optical-wireless integrated networks,” in Proc. Microwave Photonics, Valencia, Oct. 2009, pp. 1–4.
  25. T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Wired-wireless OFDM signals coexistence in LR-PONs using two centralized compensation stages,” in Proc. Access Networks and In-House Communications, Colorado Springs, June 2012, paper AW4A.5.
  26. J. Tang, P. Lane, and K. Shore, “Transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode fiber links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  18, no. 1, pp. 205–207, Jan. 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  27. T. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 12, pp. 790–792, June 2009.
    [CrossRef]

2012 (6)

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

T. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 12, pp. 790–792, June 2009.
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, C. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express, vol.  16, no. 16, pp. 12096–12101, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

P. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Wong, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance comparison of directly modulated VCSEL and DFB lasers in wired-wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 24, pp. 2102–2104, Dec. 2008.
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

J. Tang, P. Lane, and K. Shore, “Transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode fiber links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  18, no. 1, pp. 205–207, Jan. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Albeyoglu, K.

L. Kazovsky, S. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, and A. Shastri, “Hybrid optical-wireless access networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1197–1225, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Al-Qazwini, Z.

Alves, T.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission of OFDM wired-wireless quintuple-play services along WDM LR-PONs using centralized broadband impairment compensation,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 13, pp. 13748–13761, June 2012.
[CrossRef]

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

M. Morant, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission impairment compensation using broadband channel sounding in multi-format OFDM-based long-reach PONs,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2012, paper OW3B.2.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Wired-wireless services provision in FSAN NG-PON2 compliant long-reach PONs: performance analysis,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, Mar. 2013, paper OM3D.3.

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Experimental assessment of the performance of bidirectional OFDM-based wireless-wired services in next-generation LR-PONs,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Cartagena, June 2013, Invited Paper.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Wired-wireless OFDM signals coexistence in LR-PONs using two centralized compensation stages,” in Proc. Access Networks and In-House Communications, Colorado Springs, June 2012, paper AW4A.5.

Aupetit-Berthelemot, C.

L. Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long-distances PON networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2011, paper OWK4.

Ayhan, T.

L. Kazovsky, S. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, and A. Shastri, “Hybrid optical-wireless access networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1197–1225, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Cartaxo, A.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission of OFDM wired-wireless quintuple-play services along WDM LR-PONs using centralized broadband impairment compensation,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 13, pp. 13748–13761, June 2012.
[CrossRef]

J. Morgado, D. Fonseca, and A. Cartaxo, “Experimental study of coexistence of multi-band OFDM-UWB and OFDM-baseband signals in long-reach PONs using directly modulated lasers,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, no. 23, pp. 23601–23612, Nov. 2011.
[CrossRef]

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

M. Morant, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission impairment compensation using broadband channel sounding in multi-format OFDM-based long-reach PONs,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2012, paper OW3B.2.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Wired-wireless services provision in FSAN NG-PON2 compliant long-reach PONs: performance analysis,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, Mar. 2013, paper OM3D.3.

A. Cartaxo, J. Morgado, and D. Fonseca, “A perspective on optical-wireless converged NG-FTTH networks using directly modulated lasers,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, Sweden, 2011, paper Mo.B4.3.

C. Rodrigues, A. Gamelas, F. Carvalho, and A. Cartaxo, “Evolution of FTTH networks based on radio-over-fibre,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, June 2011, paper Tu.B6.6.

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Experimental assessment of the performance of bidirectional OFDM-based wireless-wired services in next-generation LR-PONs,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Cartagena, June 2013, Invited Paper.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Wired-wireless OFDM signals coexistence in LR-PONs using two centralized compensation stages,” in Proc. Access Networks and In-House Communications, Colorado Springs, June 2012, paper AW4A.5.

Carvalho, F.

C. Rodrigues, A. Gamelas, F. Carvalho, and A. Cartaxo, “Evolution of FTTH networks based on radio-over-fibre,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, June 2011, paper Tu.B6.6.

Chanclou, P.

T. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 12, pp. 790–792, June 2009.
[CrossRef]

L. Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long-distances PON networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2011, paper OWK4.

A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, M. Ouzzif, L. Neto, R. Xia, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Hélard, J. Masson, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “Optical transmission performance for DML considering laser chirp and fiber dispersion using AMOOFDM,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Modern Telecommunication and Control Systems and Workshops, Moscow, Oct. 2010, pp. 1022–1026.

Charbonnier, B.

T. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 12, pp. 790–792, June 2009.
[CrossRef]

L. Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long-distances PON networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2011, paper OWK4.

A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, M. Ouzzif, L. Neto, R. Xia, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Hélard, J. Masson, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “Optical transmission performance for DML considering laser chirp and fiber dispersion using AMOOFDM,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Modern Telecommunication and Control Systems and Workshops, Moscow, Oct. 2010, pp. 1022–1026.

Chen, H.

C. Yeh, C. Chow, H. Chen, and J. Sung, “Hybrid OFDM-based multi-band wireless and baseband signal transmission in PON access,” Electron. Lett., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 390–392, Mar. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Chen, S.

Chi, S.

Chow, C.

C. Yeh, C. Chow, H. Chen, and J. Sung, “Hybrid OFDM-based multi-band wireless and baseband signal transmission in PON access,” Electron. Lett., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 390–392, Mar. 2012.
[CrossRef]

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, C. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express, vol.  16, no. 16, pp. 12096–12101, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

Cvijetic, M.

Y. Luo, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijetic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, Mar. 2006, paper NThG1.

N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and T. Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10  Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1  ms transmission latency,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2012, paper PDP5B.7.

Cvijetic, N.

N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and T. Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10  Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1  ms transmission latency,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2012, paper PDP5B.7.

Dudley, S.

Duong, T.

T. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 12, pp. 790–792, June 2009.
[CrossRef]

Erasme, D.

L. Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long-distances PON networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2011, paper OWK4.

Fonseca, D.

J. Morgado, D. Fonseca, and A. Cartaxo, “Experimental study of coexistence of multi-band OFDM-UWB and OFDM-baseband signals in long-reach PONs using directly modulated lasers,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, no. 23, pp. 23601–23612, Nov. 2011.
[CrossRef]

A. Cartaxo, J. Morgado, and D. Fonseca, “A perspective on optical-wireless converged NG-FTTH networks using directly modulated lasers,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, Sweden, 2011, paper Mo.B4.3.

Gamage, P.

A. Nirmalathas, P. Gamage, C. Lim, and R. Waterhouse, “Digitized radio-over-fiber technologies for converged optical wireless access network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 16, pp. 2366–2375, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

P. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Wong, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance comparison of directly modulated VCSEL and DFB lasers in wired-wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 24, pp. 2102–2104, Dec. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Gamelas, A.

C. Rodrigues, A. Gamelas, F. Carvalho, and A. Cartaxo, “Evolution of FTTH networks based on radio-over-fibre,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, June 2011, paper Tu.B6.6.

Genay, N.

T. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 12, pp. 790–792, June 2009.
[CrossRef]

L. Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long-distances PON networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2011, paper OWK4.

A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, M. Ouzzif, L. Neto, R. Xia, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Hélard, J. Masson, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “Optical transmission performance for DML considering laser chirp and fiber dispersion using AMOOFDM,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Modern Telecommunication and Control Systems and Workshops, Moscow, Oct. 2010, pp. 1022–1026.

Gharba, A.

A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, M. Ouzzif, L. Neto, R. Xia, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Hélard, J. Masson, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “Optical transmission performance for DML considering laser chirp and fiber dispersion using AMOOFDM,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Modern Telecommunication and Control Systems and Workshops, Moscow, Oct. 2010, pp. 1022–1026.

L. Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long-distances PON networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2011, paper OWK4.

Grard, E.

L. Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long-distances PON networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2011, paper OWK4.

A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, M. Ouzzif, L. Neto, R. Xia, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Hélard, J. Masson, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “Optical transmission performance for DML considering laser chirp and fiber dispersion using AMOOFDM,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Modern Telecommunication and Control Systems and Workshops, Moscow, Oct. 2010, pp. 1022–1026.

Hélard, M.

A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, M. Ouzzif, L. Neto, R. Xia, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Hélard, J. Masson, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “Optical transmission performance for DML considering laser chirp and fiber dispersion using AMOOFDM,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Modern Telecommunication and Control Systems and Workshops, Moscow, Oct. 2010, pp. 1022–1026.

Hsu, D.

Huang, Y.

N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and T. Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10  Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1  ms transmission latency,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2012, paper PDP5B.7.

Ip, E.

N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and T. Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10  Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1  ms transmission latency,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2012, paper PDP5B.7.

Kazovsky, L.

L. Kazovsky, S. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, and A. Shastri, “Hybrid optical-wireless access networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1197–1225, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

Lane, P.

J. Tang, P. Lane, and K. Shore, “Transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode fiber links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  18, no. 1, pp. 205–207, Jan. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

C. Lim, K. Lee, E. Wong, R. Tucker, and A. Tran, “Crosstalk investigation for optical transport schemes in optical-wireless integrated networks,” in Proc. Microwave Photonics, Valencia, Oct. 2009, pp. 1–4.

Lim, C.

A. Nirmalathas, P. Gamage, C. Lim, and R. Waterhouse, “Digitized radio-over-fiber technologies for converged optical wireless access network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 16, pp. 2366–2375, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

P. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Wong, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance comparison of directly modulated VCSEL and DFB lasers in wired-wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 24, pp. 2102–2104, Dec. 2008.
[CrossRef]

C. Lim, K. Lee, E. Wong, R. Tucker, and A. Tran, “Crosstalk investigation for optical transport schemes in optical-wireless integrated networks,” in Proc. Microwave Photonics, Valencia, Oct. 2009, pp. 1–4.

Llorente, R.

T. Quinlan, S. Dudley, M. Morant, R. Llorente, and S. Walker, “VCSEL-based, CWDM-PON system using reflective technology for bi-directional multi-play service provision,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 15, pp. 16726–16734, July 2012.
[CrossRef]

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission of OFDM wired-wireless quintuple-play services along WDM LR-PONs using centralized broadband impairment compensation,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 13, pp. 13748–13761, June 2012.
[CrossRef]

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

M. Morant, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission impairment compensation using broadband channel sounding in multi-format OFDM-based long-reach PONs,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2012, paper OW3B.2.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Wired-wireless services provision in FSAN NG-PON2 compliant long-reach PONs: performance analysis,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, Mar. 2013, paper OM3D.3.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Wired-wireless OFDM signals coexistence in LR-PONs using two centralized compensation stages,” in Proc. Access Networks and In-House Communications, Colorado Springs, June 2012, paper AW4A.5.

Luo, Y.

Y. Luo, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijetic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, Mar. 2006, paper NThG1.

Marti, J.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

Masson, J.

T. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 12, pp. 790–792, June 2009.
[CrossRef]

L. Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long-distances PON networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2011, paper OWK4.

A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, M. Ouzzif, L. Neto, R. Xia, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Hélard, J. Masson, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “Optical transmission performance for DML considering laser chirp and fiber dispersion using AMOOFDM,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Modern Telecommunication and Control Systems and Workshops, Moscow, Oct. 2010, pp. 1022–1026.

Mitchell, J.

Morant, M.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission of OFDM wired-wireless quintuple-play services along WDM LR-PONs using centralized broadband impairment compensation,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 13, pp. 13748–13761, June 2012.
[CrossRef]

T. Quinlan, S. Dudley, M. Morant, R. Llorente, and S. Walker, “VCSEL-based, CWDM-PON system using reflective technology for bi-directional multi-play service provision,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 15, pp. 16726–16734, July 2012.
[CrossRef]

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

M. Morant, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission impairment compensation using broadband channel sounding in multi-format OFDM-based long-reach PONs,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2012, paper OW3B.2.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Wired-wireless services provision in FSAN NG-PON2 compliant long-reach PONs: performance analysis,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, Mar. 2013, paper OM3D.3.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Wired-wireless OFDM signals coexistence in LR-PONs using two centralized compensation stages,” in Proc. Access Networks and In-House Communications, Colorado Springs, June 2012, paper AW4A.5.

Morgado, J.

J. Morgado, D. Fonseca, and A. Cartaxo, “Experimental study of coexistence of multi-band OFDM-UWB and OFDM-baseband signals in long-reach PONs using directly modulated lasers,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, no. 23, pp. 23601–23612, Nov. 2011.
[CrossRef]

A. Cartaxo, J. Morgado, and D. Fonseca, “A perspective on optical-wireless converged NG-FTTH networks using directly modulated lasers,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, Sweden, 2011, paper Mo.B4.3.

Nakamura, S.

Y. Luo, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijetic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, Mar. 2006, paper NThG1.

Neto, L.

A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, M. Ouzzif, L. Neto, R. Xia, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Hélard, J. Masson, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “Optical transmission performance for DML considering laser chirp and fiber dispersion using AMOOFDM,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Modern Telecommunication and Control Systems and Workshops, Moscow, Oct. 2010, pp. 1022–1026.

L. Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long-distances PON networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2011, paper OWK4.

Nirmalathas, A.

A. Nirmalathas, P. Gamage, C. Lim, and R. Waterhouse, “Digitized radio-over-fiber technologies for converged optical wireless access network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 16, pp. 2366–2375, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

P. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Wong, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance comparison of directly modulated VCSEL and DFB lasers in wired-wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 24, pp. 2102–2104, Dec. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Novak, D.

P. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Wong, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance comparison of directly modulated VCSEL and DFB lasers in wired-wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 24, pp. 2102–2104, Dec. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Ouzzif, M.

T. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 12, pp. 790–792, June 2009.
[CrossRef]

L. Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long-distances PON networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2011, paper OWK4.

A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, M. Ouzzif, L. Neto, R. Xia, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Hélard, J. Masson, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “Optical transmission performance for DML considering laser chirp and fiber dispersion using AMOOFDM,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Modern Telecommunication and Control Systems and Workshops, Moscow, Oct. 2010, pp. 1022–1026.

Pan, C.

Perez, J.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

Quinlan, T.

Ribeiro, M.

L. Kazovsky, S. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, and A. Shastri, “Hybrid optical-wireless access networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1197–1225, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Rodrigues, C.

C. Rodrigues, A. Gamelas, F. Carvalho, and A. Cartaxo, “Evolution of FTTH networks based on radio-over-fibre,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, June 2011, paper Tu.B6.6.

Rodrigues, V.

A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, M. Ouzzif, L. Neto, R. Xia, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Hélard, J. Masson, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “Optical transmission performance for DML considering laser chirp and fiber dispersion using AMOOFDM,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Modern Telecommunication and Control Systems and Workshops, Moscow, Oct. 2010, pp. 1022–1026.

L. Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long-distances PON networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2011, paper OWK4.

Shao, Y.

N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and T. Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10  Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1  ms transmission latency,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2012, paper PDP5B.7.

Shastri, A.

L. Kazovsky, S. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, and A. Shastri, “Hybrid optical-wireless access networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1197–1225, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Shea, D.

Shih, F.

Shih, J.

Shore, K.

J. Tang, P. Lane, and K. Shore, “Transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode fiber links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  18, no. 1, pp. 205–207, Jan. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Simon, J.

T. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 12, pp. 790–792, June 2009.
[CrossRef]

Sung, J.

C. Yeh, C. Chow, H. Chen, and J. Sung, “Hybrid OFDM-based multi-band wireless and baseband signal transmission in PON access,” Electron. Lett., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 390–392, Mar. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, A.

N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and T. Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10  Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1  ms transmission latency,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2012, paper PDP5B.7.

Tang, J.

J. Tang, P. Lane, and K. Shore, “Transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode fiber links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  18, no. 1, pp. 205–207, Jan. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Tien, P.

Tran, A.

C. Lim, K. Lee, E. Wong, R. Tucker, and A. Tran, “Crosstalk investigation for optical transport schemes in optical-wireless integrated networks,” in Proc. Microwave Photonics, Valencia, Oct. 2009, pp. 1–4.

Tucker, R.

C. Lim, K. Lee, E. Wong, R. Tucker, and A. Tran, “Crosstalk investigation for optical transport schemes in optical-wireless integrated networks,” in Proc. Microwave Photonics, Valencia, Oct. 2009, pp. 1–4.

Walker, S.

Wang, C.

Wang, T.

N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and T. Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10  Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1  ms transmission latency,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2012, paper PDP5B.7.

Y. Luo, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijetic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, Mar. 2006, paper NThG1.

Waterhouse, R.

A. Nirmalathas, P. Gamage, C. Lim, and R. Waterhouse, “Digitized radio-over-fiber technologies for converged optical wireless access network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 16, pp. 2366–2375, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

P. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Wong, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance comparison of directly modulated VCSEL and DFB lasers in wired-wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 24, pp. 2102–2104, Dec. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Wei, C.

Weinstein, S.

Y. Luo, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijetic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, Mar. 2006, paper NThG1.

Wong, E.

P. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Wong, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance comparison of directly modulated VCSEL and DFB lasers in wired-wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 24, pp. 2102–2104, Dec. 2008.
[CrossRef]

C. Lim, K. Lee, E. Wong, R. Tucker, and A. Tran, “Crosstalk investigation for optical transport schemes in optical-wireless integrated networks,” in Proc. Microwave Photonics, Valencia, Oct. 2009, pp. 1–4.

Wong, S.

L. Kazovsky, S. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, and A. Shastri, “Hybrid optical-wireless access networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1197–1225, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Xia, R.

A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, M. Ouzzif, L. Neto, R. Xia, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Hélard, J. Masson, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “Optical transmission performance for DML considering laser chirp and fiber dispersion using AMOOFDM,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Modern Telecommunication and Control Systems and Workshops, Moscow, Oct. 2010, pp. 1022–1026.

L. Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long-distances PON networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2011, paper OWK4.

Yeh, C.

C. Yeh, C. Chow, H. Chen, and J. Sung, “Hybrid OFDM-based multi-band wireless and baseband signal transmission in PON access,” Electron. Lett., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 390–392, Mar. 2012.
[CrossRef]

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, C. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express, vol.  16, no. 16, pp. 12096–12101, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

Yuang, M.

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. Yeh, C. Chow, H. Chen, and J. Sung, “Hybrid OFDM-based multi-band wireless and baseband signal transmission in PON access,” Electron. Lett., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 390–392, Mar. 2012.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

J. Tang, P. Lane, and K. Shore, “Transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode fiber links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  18, no. 1, pp. 205–207, Jan. 2006.
[CrossRef]

T. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 12, pp. 790–792, June 2009.
[CrossRef]

P. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, E. Wong, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance comparison of directly modulated VCSEL and DFB lasers in wired-wireless networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 24, pp. 2102–2104, Dec. 2008.
[CrossRef]

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Opt. Express (4)

Proc. IEEE (1)

L. Kazovsky, S. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, and A. Shastri, “Hybrid optical-wireless access networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1197–1225, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Other (13)

Y. Luo, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijetic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, Mar. 2006, paper NThG1.

A. Cartaxo, J. Morgado, and D. Fonseca, “A perspective on optical-wireless converged NG-FTTH networks using directly modulated lasers,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, Sweden, 2011, paper Mo.B4.3.

Fully-converged quintuple-play integrated optical-wireless access architectures, http://www.ict-fiver.eu/index.php .

FSAN Next Generation PON Task Group, http://www.fsan.org/task-groups/ngpon/ .

C. Rodrigues, A. Gamelas, F. Carvalho, and A. Cartaxo, “Evolution of FTTH networks based on radio-over-fibre,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, June 2011, paper Tu.B6.6.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Wired-wireless services provision in FSAN NG-PON2 compliant long-reach PONs: performance analysis,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anaheim, Mar. 2013, paper OM3D.3.

A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, M. Ouzzif, L. Neto, R. Xia, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Hélard, J. Masson, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “Optical transmission performance for DML considering laser chirp and fiber dispersion using AMOOFDM,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Modern Telecommunication and Control Systems and Workshops, Moscow, Oct. 2010, pp. 1022–1026.

M. Morant, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission impairment compensation using broadband channel sounding in multi-format OFDM-based long-reach PONs,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2012, paper OW3B.2.

N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and T. Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10  Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1  ms transmission latency,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2012, paper PDP5B.7.

L. Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long-distances PON networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, Mar. 2011, paper OWK4.

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Experimental assessment of the performance of bidirectional OFDM-based wireless-wired services in next-generation LR-PONs,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Cartagena, June 2013, Invited Paper.

C. Lim, K. Lee, E. Wong, R. Tucker, and A. Tran, “Crosstalk investigation for optical transport schemes in optical-wireless integrated networks,” in Proc. Microwave Photonics, Valencia, Oct. 2009, pp. 1–4.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Wired-wireless OFDM signals coexistence in LR-PONs using two centralized compensation stages,” in Proc. Access Networks and In-House Communications, Colorado Springs, June 2012, paper AW4A.5.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Simplified scheme of a hybrid WDM LR-PON for provision of wireless and wired signals to users’ premises.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Experimental setup emulating a WDM LR-PON employing DML for transmission of the bundle of OFDM signals. (b) Schematic diagram of the OFDM transmitter used to generate the different OFDM-based signals.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

OFDM-based signal bundle and RF pilots inserted at the OLT for broadband channel sounding.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Normalized intensity response of the 100 km long directly modulated LR-PON for different residual dispersion levels. Results obtained without dispersion compensation (continuous line) and with a residual dispersion of 300ps/nm (dashed line), of 500ps/nm (dotted line), and of 600ps/nm (dashed–dotted line).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured spectra of the bundle of OFDM signals at the output of (a) and (b) the RN and (c) and (d) the receiver LPF. Results obtained for (a) and (c) balanced EPD situation, and (b) and (d) unbalanced EPD situation. The total reach of the LR-PON is 100 km, the modulation index is 10%, and the residual dispersion of the link is 500ps/nm.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Contour plot of the EVM, in decibels, of (a) UWB band 2, (b) UWB band 3, (c) LTE, (d) WiMAX, and (e) OFDM-GbE signals as a function of the modulation index and of the residual dispersion of the LR-PON. Results measured in the balanced EPD situation.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Contour plot of the EVM, in decibels, of (a) UWB band 2, (b) UWB band 3, (c) LTE, (d) WiMAX, and (e) OFDM-GbE signals as a function of the modulation index and of the residual dispersion of the LR-PON. Results measured in the unbalanced EPD situation.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

EVM of the multi-format OFDM-based signals as a function of the LR-PON reach.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

TABLE I Parameters of the OFDM-GbE, LTE, WiMAX, and UWB Signals