Abstract

The provision of a quintuple-play service (fixed Internet and telephony, mobile telephony/Internet, security/control applications, and wireless high-definition audio/video distribution) along wavelength division multiplexing long-reach passive optical networks has been proposed recently. Five coexisting orthogonal frequency division multiplexing based signals have been used to deliver the quintuple-play service to each user. In this paper, the electrical power distribution (EPD) among those five coexisting signals is studied using numerical simulation. The need for EPD optimization is stressed, as the optimum EPD (OEPD) enables the maximization of the signal and network performances. The OEPD is achieved by setting optimized gains (OG) in the electrical amplifiers used to impose the electrical power level of each one of the coexisting signals. For practicability, the gains are optimized only for a specific fiber length. For other fiber lengths, the use of those OG may cause performance degradation. This degradation can be mitigated if a predistortion (PD) scheme, which compensates for the frequency-dependent losses (FDLs) of the transmission channel, is used with proper OG. It is shown that the main advantage of using OG+PD over using OG only is to enable the reduction of the performance degradation that occurs for other fiber lengths than the one considered in the OG optimization. The capability to mitigate the FDLs is more limited in the absence of PD. Therefore, the advantage of using OG+PD over OG increases with the magnitude of the variation of the FDLs inside the band of the signals. However, under the conditions considered in this work, the impact of the use of OG+PD on the maximum transmission reach (MTR) is determined to be reduced (less than 1% relative to the MTR obtained with OG only, 126.5 km of standard single-mode fiber).

© 2013 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. Liu, L. Guo, and X. Wei, “Optimizing backup optical-network-units selection and backup fibers deployment in survivable hybrid wireless-optical broadband access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. vol.  30, no. 10, pp. 1509–1523, May 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  2. Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Agarwal, H. Chien, A. Chowdhury, G. Ellinas, J. Jackel, and G. Chang, “Photonic generation and processing technologies for converged ultra-high throughput fiber-wireless systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, paper OTuF6.
  3. L. Kazovsky, S. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, and A. Shastri, “Hybrid optical wireless access networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1197–1225, May 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission of OFDM wired-wireless quintuple-play services along WDM LR-PONs using centralized broadband impairment compensation,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 13, pp. 13748–13761, June 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  5. “High rate ultrawideband PHY and MAC standard,” , 2007.
  6. “Technical specification group radio access network; evolved universal terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA); user equipment (UE) radio transmission and reception (release 8),” , 2009.
  7. “IEEE 802.16, Part 16: Air interface for fixed broadband wireless access systems, standard for local and metropolitan area networks,” , 2009.
  8. A. Cartaxo, J. Morgado, and D. Fonseca, “A perspective on optical-wireless converged NG-FTTH networks using directly modulated lasers,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, Sweden, June 2011, paper Mo.B4.3.
  9. N. Cvijetic, “OFDM for next-generation optical access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 4, pp. 493–503, Feb. 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Morgado, D. Fonseca, and A. Cartaxo, “Experimental study of coexistence of multi-band OFDM-UWB and OFDM-baseband signals in long-reach PONs using directly modulated lasers,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, no. 23, pp. 23601–23612, Nov. 2011.
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Morant, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission impairment compensation using broadband channel sounding in multi-format OFDM-based long-reach PONs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2012, paper OW3B.2.
  12. C. Rodrigues, A. Gamelas, F. Carvalho, and A. Cartaxo, “Evolution of FTTH networks based on radio-over-fibre,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, Sweden, June 2011, paper Tu.B6.6.
  13. R. Davey, D. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. Payne, D. Nesset, A. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, and S. Yang, “Long reach passive optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  27, no. 3, pp. 273–291, Feb. 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Breuer, F. Geilhardt, R. Hülsermann, M. Kind, C. Lange, T. Monath, and E. Weis, “Opportunities for next-generation optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. vol.  49, no. 2, pp. s16–s24, Feb. 2011.
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, P. Ossieur, C. Antony, P. Townsend, T. Ridder, B. Baekelandt, X. Qiu, S. Appathurai, H. Krimmel, D. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Next generation access networks: PIEMAN and beyond,” in Int. Conf. on Photonics in Switching, Pisa, Italy, Sept. 2009.
  16. T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Performance degradation due to OFDM-UWB radio signal transmission along dispersive single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 3, pp. 158–160, Feb. 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Jin, J. Wei, and J. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of colourless real-time end-to-end optical OFDM transmission at 7.5  Gb/s over 25 km SSMF using a 1 GHz RSOA,” presented at the 19th Future Network Mobile Summit, Florence, Italy, June 2010, session 8A.
  18. N. Cheng and F. Effenberger, “WDM PON: Systems and technologies,” presented at the 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication, Turino, Italy, Sept. 2010.
  19. R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.
  20. I. Monroy and E. Tangdiongga, “Crosstalk in WDM networks,” in Crosstalk in WDM Communication Networks. Kluwer Academic, 2002, ch. 3, sec. 1.2, pp. 25–26.
  21. Anadigics Inc., “AWM6268 2.5-2.7GHz Mobile WiMAX/LTE Power Amplifier Module” [Online]. Available: http://www.anadigics.com/sites/default/files/datasheets/AWM6268_Rev_1.1.pdf .
  22. RF Linx Corporation, “Antennafier 3600 SA SERIES” [Online]. Available: http://www.rflinx.com/pdf/ds/cat/245.pdf .
  23. G. Agrawal, “Optical signal generation,” in Lightwave Technology: Telecommunication Systems, 1st ed. Wiley, 2005, ch. 2, sec. 2.3, pp. 37–47.
  24. H. Kawakami, E. Yoshida, and Y. Miyamoto, “Auto bias control technique based on asymmetric bias dithering for optical QPSK modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 7, pp. 962–968, Apr. 2012.
    [CrossRef]

2012

2011

D. Breuer, F. Geilhardt, R. Hülsermann, M. Kind, C. Lange, T. Monath, and E. Weis, “Opportunities for next-generation optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. vol.  49, no. 2, pp. s16–s24, Feb. 2011.
[CrossRef]

J. Morgado, D. Fonseca, and A. Cartaxo, “Experimental study of coexistence of multi-band OFDM-UWB and OFDM-baseband signals in long-reach PONs using directly modulated lasers,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, no. 23, pp. 23601–23612, Nov. 2011.
[CrossRef]

2009

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Performance degradation due to OFDM-UWB radio signal transmission along dispersive single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 3, pp. 158–160, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

R. Davey, D. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. Payne, D. Nesset, A. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, and S. Yang, “Long reach passive optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  27, no. 3, pp. 273–291, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, A.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Agarwal, H. Chien, A. Chowdhury, G. Ellinas, J. Jackel, and G. Chang, “Photonic generation and processing technologies for converged ultra-high throughput fiber-wireless systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, paper OTuF6.

Agrawal, G.

G. Agrawal, “Optical signal generation,” in Lightwave Technology: Telecommunication Systems, 1st ed. Wiley, 2005, ch. 2, sec. 2.3, pp. 37–47.

Albeyoglu, K.

L. Kazovsky, S. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, and A. Shastri, “Hybrid optical wireless access networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1197–1225, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Alves, T.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission of OFDM wired-wireless quintuple-play services along WDM LR-PONs using centralized broadband impairment compensation,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 13, pp. 13748–13761, June 2012.
[CrossRef]

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Performance degradation due to OFDM-UWB radio signal transmission along dispersive single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 3, pp. 158–160, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.

M. Morant, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission impairment compensation using broadband channel sounding in multi-format OFDM-based long-reach PONs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2012, paper OW3B.2.

Antony, C.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, P. Ossieur, C. Antony, P. Townsend, T. Ridder, B. Baekelandt, X. Qiu, S. Appathurai, H. Krimmel, D. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Next generation access networks: PIEMAN and beyond,” in Int. Conf. on Photonics in Switching, Pisa, Italy, Sept. 2009.

Appathurai, S.

R. Davey, D. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. Payne, D. Nesset, A. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, and S. Yang, “Long reach passive optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  27, no. 3, pp. 273–291, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, P. Ossieur, C. Antony, P. Townsend, T. Ridder, B. Baekelandt, X. Qiu, S. Appathurai, H. Krimmel, D. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Next generation access networks: PIEMAN and beyond,” in Int. Conf. on Photonics in Switching, Pisa, Italy, Sept. 2009.

Ayhan, T.

L. Kazovsky, S. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, and A. Shastri, “Hybrid optical wireless access networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1197–1225, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Baekelandt, B.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, P. Ossieur, C. Antony, P. Townsend, T. Ridder, B. Baekelandt, X. Qiu, S. Appathurai, H. Krimmel, D. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Next generation access networks: PIEMAN and beyond,” in Int. Conf. on Photonics in Switching, Pisa, Italy, Sept. 2009.

Breuer, D.

D. Breuer, F. Geilhardt, R. Hülsermann, M. Kind, C. Lange, T. Monath, and E. Weis, “Opportunities for next-generation optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. vol.  49, no. 2, pp. s16–s24, Feb. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Cartaxo, A.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission of OFDM wired-wireless quintuple-play services along WDM LR-PONs using centralized broadband impairment compensation,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 13, pp. 13748–13761, June 2012.
[CrossRef]

J. Morgado, D. Fonseca, and A. Cartaxo, “Experimental study of coexistence of multi-band OFDM-UWB and OFDM-baseband signals in long-reach PONs using directly modulated lasers,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, no. 23, pp. 23601–23612, Nov. 2011.
[CrossRef]

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Performance degradation due to OFDM-UWB radio signal transmission along dispersive single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 3, pp. 158–160, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.

C. Rodrigues, A. Gamelas, F. Carvalho, and A. Cartaxo, “Evolution of FTTH networks based on radio-over-fibre,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, Sweden, June 2011, paper Tu.B6.6.

A. Cartaxo, J. Morgado, and D. Fonseca, “A perspective on optical-wireless converged NG-FTTH networks using directly modulated lasers,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, Sweden, June 2011, paper Mo.B4.3.

M. Morant, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission impairment compensation using broadband channel sounding in multi-format OFDM-based long-reach PONs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2012, paper OW3B.2.

Carvalho, F.

C. Rodrigues, A. Gamelas, F. Carvalho, and A. Cartaxo, “Evolution of FTTH networks based on radio-over-fibre,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, Sweden, June 2011, paper Tu.B6.6.

Chang, G.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Agarwal, H. Chien, A. Chowdhury, G. Ellinas, J. Jackel, and G. Chang, “Photonic generation and processing technologies for converged ultra-high throughput fiber-wireless systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, paper OTuF6.

Cheng, N.

N. Cheng and F. Effenberger, “WDM PON: Systems and technologies,” presented at the 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication, Turino, Italy, Sept. 2010.

Chien, H.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Agarwal, H. Chien, A. Chowdhury, G. Ellinas, J. Jackel, and G. Chang, “Photonic generation and processing technologies for converged ultra-high throughput fiber-wireless systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, paper OTuF6.

Chowdhury, A.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Agarwal, H. Chien, A. Chowdhury, G. Ellinas, J. Jackel, and G. Chang, “Photonic generation and processing technologies for converged ultra-high throughput fiber-wireless systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, paper OTuF6.

Cluzeaud, P.

R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.

Cvijetic, N.

Davey, R.

Effenberger, F.

N. Cheng and F. Effenberger, “WDM PON: Systems and technologies,” presented at the 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication, Turino, Italy, Sept. 2010.

Ellinas, G.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Agarwal, H. Chien, A. Chowdhury, G. Ellinas, J. Jackel, and G. Chang, “Photonic generation and processing technologies for converged ultra-high throughput fiber-wireless systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, paper OTuF6.

Fonseca, D.

J. Morgado, D. Fonseca, and A. Cartaxo, “Experimental study of coexistence of multi-band OFDM-UWB and OFDM-baseband signals in long-reach PONs using directly modulated lasers,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, no. 23, pp. 23601–23612, Nov. 2011.
[CrossRef]

A. Cartaxo, J. Morgado, and D. Fonseca, “A perspective on optical-wireless converged NG-FTTH networks using directly modulated lasers,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, Sweden, June 2011, paper Mo.B4.3.

Gamelas, A.

C. Rodrigues, A. Gamelas, F. Carvalho, and A. Cartaxo, “Evolution of FTTH networks based on radio-over-fibre,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, Sweden, June 2011, paper Tu.B6.6.

Geilhardt, F.

D. Breuer, F. Geilhardt, R. Hülsermann, M. Kind, C. Lange, T. Monath, and E. Weis, “Opportunities for next-generation optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. vol.  49, no. 2, pp. s16–s24, Feb. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Giddings, R.

R. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Jin, J. Wei, and J. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of colourless real-time end-to-end optical OFDM transmission at 7.5  Gb/s over 25 km SSMF using a 1 GHz RSOA,” presented at the 19th Future Network Mobile Summit, Florence, Italy, June 2010, session 8A.

Grossman, D.

Guo, L.

Herman, M.

R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.

Herrera, J.

R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.

Hugues-Salas, E.

R. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Jin, J. Wei, and J. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of colourless real-time end-to-end optical OFDM transmission at 7.5  Gb/s over 25 km SSMF using a 1 GHz RSOA,” presented at the 19th Future Network Mobile Summit, Florence, Italy, June 2010, session 8A.

Hülsermann, R.

D. Breuer, F. Geilhardt, R. Hülsermann, M. Kind, C. Lange, T. Monath, and E. Weis, “Opportunities for next-generation optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. vol.  49, no. 2, pp. s16–s24, Feb. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Jackel, J.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Agarwal, H. Chien, A. Chowdhury, G. Ellinas, J. Jackel, and G. Chang, “Photonic generation and processing technologies for converged ultra-high throughput fiber-wireless systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, paper OTuF6.

Jia, Z.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Agarwal, H. Chien, A. Chowdhury, G. Ellinas, J. Jackel, and G. Chang, “Photonic generation and processing technologies for converged ultra-high throughput fiber-wireless systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, paper OTuF6.

Jin, X.

R. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Jin, J. Wei, and J. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of colourless real-time end-to-end optical OFDM transmission at 7.5  Gb/s over 25 km SSMF using a 1 GHz RSOA,” presented at the 19th Future Network Mobile Summit, Florence, Italy, June 2010, session 8A.

Kawakami, H.

Kazovsky, L.

L. Kazovsky, S. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, and A. Shastri, “Hybrid optical wireless access networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1197–1225, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Kelly, A.

Kind, M.

D. Breuer, F. Geilhardt, R. Hülsermann, M. Kind, C. Lange, T. Monath, and E. Weis, “Opportunities for next-generation optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. vol.  49, no. 2, pp. s16–s24, Feb. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Krimmel, H.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, P. Ossieur, C. Antony, P. Townsend, T. Ridder, B. Baekelandt, X. Qiu, S. Appathurai, H. Krimmel, D. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Next generation access networks: PIEMAN and beyond,” in Int. Conf. on Photonics in Switching, Pisa, Italy, Sept. 2009.

Lange, C.

D. Breuer, F. Geilhardt, R. Hülsermann, M. Kind, C. Lange, T. Monath, and E. Weis, “Opportunities for next-generation optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. vol.  49, no. 2, pp. s16–s24, Feb. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Llorente, R.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission of OFDM wired-wireless quintuple-play services along WDM LR-PONs using centralized broadband impairment compensation,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 13, pp. 13748–13761, June 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Morant, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission impairment compensation using broadband channel sounding in multi-format OFDM-based long-reach PONs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2012, paper OW3B.2.

R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.

Martinez, F.

R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.

Miyamoto, Y.

Monath, T.

D. Breuer, F. Geilhardt, R. Hülsermann, M. Kind, C. Lange, T. Monath, and E. Weis, “Opportunities for next-generation optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. vol.  49, no. 2, pp. s16–s24, Feb. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Monroy, I.

I. Monroy and E. Tangdiongga, “Crosstalk in WDM networks,” in Crosstalk in WDM Communication Networks. Kluwer Academic, 2002, ch. 3, sec. 1.2, pp. 25–26.

Morant, M.

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission of OFDM wired-wireless quintuple-play services along WDM LR-PONs using centralized broadband impairment compensation,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 13, pp. 13748–13761, June 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Morant, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission impairment compensation using broadband channel sounding in multi-format OFDM-based long-reach PONs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2012, paper OW3B.2.

R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.

Morgado, J.

J. Morgado, D. Fonseca, and A. Cartaxo, “Experimental study of coexistence of multi-band OFDM-UWB and OFDM-baseband signals in long-reach PONs using directly modulated lasers,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, no. 23, pp. 23601–23612, Nov. 2011.
[CrossRef]

A. Cartaxo, J. Morgado, and D. Fonseca, “A perspective on optical-wireless converged NG-FTTH networks using directly modulated lasers,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, Sweden, June 2011, paper Mo.B4.3.

Nesset, D.

Ossieur, P.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, P. Ossieur, C. Antony, P. Townsend, T. Ridder, B. Baekelandt, X. Qiu, S. Appathurai, H. Krimmel, D. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Next generation access networks: PIEMAN and beyond,” in Int. Conf. on Photonics in Switching, Pisa, Italy, Sept. 2009.

Payne, D.

Piesiewicz, R.

R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.

Poustie, A.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, P. Ossieur, C. Antony, P. Townsend, T. Ridder, B. Baekelandt, X. Qiu, S. Appathurai, H. Krimmel, D. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Next generation access networks: PIEMAN and beyond,” in Int. Conf. on Photonics in Switching, Pisa, Italy, Sept. 2009.

Qiu, X.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, P. Ossieur, C. Antony, P. Townsend, T. Ridder, B. Baekelandt, X. Qiu, S. Appathurai, H. Krimmel, D. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Next generation access networks: PIEMAN and beyond,” in Int. Conf. on Photonics in Switching, Pisa, Italy, Sept. 2009.

Quinlan, T.

R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.

Rafel, A.

Rasztovits-Wiech, M.

Ribeiro, M.

L. Kazovsky, S. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, and A. Shastri, “Hybrid optical wireless access networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1197–1225, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Rico, E.

R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.

Ridder, T.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, P. Ossieur, C. Antony, P. Townsend, T. Ridder, B. Baekelandt, X. Qiu, S. Appathurai, H. Krimmel, D. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Next generation access networks: PIEMAN and beyond,” in Int. Conf. on Photonics in Switching, Pisa, Italy, Sept. 2009.

Rodrigues, C.

C. Rodrigues, A. Gamelas, F. Carvalho, and A. Cartaxo, “Evolution of FTTH networks based on radio-over-fibre,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, Sweden, June 2011, paper Tu.B6.6.

R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.

Rohde, H.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, P. Ossieur, C. Antony, P. Townsend, T. Ridder, B. Baekelandt, X. Qiu, S. Appathurai, H. Krimmel, D. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Next generation access networks: PIEMAN and beyond,” in Int. Conf. on Photonics in Switching, Pisa, Italy, Sept. 2009.

Sambaraju, R.

R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.

Schmidt, A.

R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.

Shastri, A.

L. Kazovsky, S. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, and A. Shastri, “Hybrid optical wireless access networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1197–1225, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Smith, D.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, P. Ossieur, C. Antony, P. Townsend, T. Ridder, B. Baekelandt, X. Qiu, S. Appathurai, H. Krimmel, D. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Next generation access networks: PIEMAN and beyond,” in Int. Conf. on Photonics in Switching, Pisa, Italy, Sept. 2009.

Smolorz, S.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, P. Ossieur, C. Antony, P. Townsend, T. Ridder, B. Baekelandt, X. Qiu, S. Appathurai, H. Krimmel, D. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Next generation access networks: PIEMAN and beyond,” in Int. Conf. on Photonics in Switching, Pisa, Italy, Sept. 2009.

Tang, J.

R. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Jin, J. Wei, and J. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of colourless real-time end-to-end optical OFDM transmission at 7.5  Gb/s over 25 km SSMF using a 1 GHz RSOA,” presented at the 19th Future Network Mobile Summit, Florence, Italy, June 2010, session 8A.

Tangdiongga, E.

I. Monroy and E. Tangdiongga, “Crosstalk in WDM networks,” in Crosstalk in WDM Communication Networks. Kluwer Academic, 2002, ch. 3, sec. 1.2, pp. 25–26.

Townsend, P.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, P. Ossieur, C. Antony, P. Townsend, T. Ridder, B. Baekelandt, X. Qiu, S. Appathurai, H. Krimmel, D. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Next generation access networks: PIEMAN and beyond,” in Int. Conf. on Photonics in Switching, Pisa, Italy, Sept. 2009.

Walker, S.

R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.

Wei, J.

R. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Jin, J. Wei, and J. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of colourless real-time end-to-end optical OFDM transmission at 7.5  Gb/s over 25 km SSMF using a 1 GHz RSOA,” presented at the 19th Future Network Mobile Summit, Florence, Italy, June 2010, session 8A.

Wei, X.

Weis, E.

D. Breuer, F. Geilhardt, R. Hülsermann, M. Kind, C. Lange, T. Monath, and E. Weis, “Opportunities for next-generation optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. vol.  49, no. 2, pp. s16–s24, Feb. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Wong, S.

L. Kazovsky, S. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, and A. Shastri, “Hybrid optical wireless access networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1197–1225, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.

Yoshida, E.

Yu, J.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Agarwal, H. Chien, A. Chowdhury, G. Ellinas, J. Jackel, and G. Chang, “Photonic generation and processing technologies for converged ultra-high throughput fiber-wireless systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, paper OTuF6.

IEEE Commun. Mag.

D. Breuer, F. Geilhardt, R. Hülsermann, M. Kind, C. Lange, T. Monath, and E. Weis, “Opportunities for next-generation optical access,” IEEE Commun. Mag. vol.  49, no. 2, pp. s16–s24, Feb. 2011.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Performance degradation due to OFDM-UWB radio signal transmission along dispersive single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 3, pp. 158–160, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Proc. IEEE

L. Kazovsky, S. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, and A. Shastri, “Hybrid optical wireless access networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1197–1225, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Other

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, P. Ossieur, C. Antony, P. Townsend, T. Ridder, B. Baekelandt, X. Qiu, S. Appathurai, H. Krimmel, D. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Next generation access networks: PIEMAN and beyond,” in Int. Conf. on Photonics in Switching, Pisa, Italy, Sept. 2009.

“High rate ultrawideband PHY and MAC standard,” , 2007.

“Technical specification group radio access network; evolved universal terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA); user equipment (UE) radio transmission and reception (release 8),” , 2009.

“IEEE 802.16, Part 16: Air interface for fixed broadband wireless access systems, standard for local and metropolitan area networks,” , 2009.

A. Cartaxo, J. Morgado, and D. Fonseca, “A perspective on optical-wireless converged NG-FTTH networks using directly modulated lasers,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, Sweden, June 2011, paper Mo.B4.3.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Agarwal, H. Chien, A. Chowdhury, G. Ellinas, J. Jackel, and G. Chang, “Photonic generation and processing technologies for converged ultra-high throughput fiber-wireless systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, paper OTuF6.

R. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Jin, J. Wei, and J. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of colourless real-time end-to-end optical OFDM transmission at 7.5  Gb/s over 25 km SSMF using a 1 GHz RSOA,” presented at the 19th Future Network Mobile Summit, Florence, Italy, June 2010, session 8A.

N. Cheng and F. Effenberger, “WDM PON: Systems and technologies,” presented at the 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication, Turino, Italy, Sept. 2010.

R. Llorente, M. Morant, F. Martinez, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, C. Rodrigues, J. Herrera, P. Cluzeaud, A. Schmidt, R. Sambaraju, E. Rico, R. Piesiewicz, and M. Herman, “Impairment compensation in long-reach integrated optical-wireless PON,” presented at the 21st Future Network Mobile Summit, Berlin, Germany, July 2012, session 3C.

I. Monroy and E. Tangdiongga, “Crosstalk in WDM networks,” in Crosstalk in WDM Communication Networks. Kluwer Academic, 2002, ch. 3, sec. 1.2, pp. 25–26.

Anadigics Inc., “AWM6268 2.5-2.7GHz Mobile WiMAX/LTE Power Amplifier Module” [Online]. Available: http://www.anadigics.com/sites/default/files/datasheets/AWM6268_Rev_1.1.pdf .

RF Linx Corporation, “Antennafier 3600 SA SERIES” [Online]. Available: http://www.rflinx.com/pdf/ds/cat/245.pdf .

G. Agrawal, “Optical signal generation,” in Lightwave Technology: Telecommunication Systems, 1st ed. Wiley, 2005, ch. 2, sec. 2.3, pp. 37–47.

M. Morant, T. Alves, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Transmission impairment compensation using broadband channel sounding in multi-format OFDM-based long-reach PONs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2012, paper OW3B.2.

C. Rodrigues, A. Gamelas, F. Carvalho, and A. Cartaxo, “Evolution of FTTH networks based on radio-over-fibre,” in 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, Sweden, June 2011, paper Tu.B6.6.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.