Abstract

In this paper, an optical network optimization based on particle swarm intelligence is described. The particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is evocated in order to solve the problem of resource allocation (RA) based on the signal-to-noise plus interference ratio optimization in a hybrid wavelength division multiplexing/optical code division multiplexing network with quality-of-service restrictions. The RA optimization based on the PSO strategy allows the regulation of the transmitted power in order to maximize the energy efficiency. For the network optimization context, a system model is described, figures of merit are presented, and a suitable model for the heuristic optimization approach is developed, with emphasis on the optimization of input parameters and network performance. Afterward, extensive numerical results for both optimization problems are discussed, taking into account realistic network operation scenarios.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2012 (3)

F. R. Durand, M. S. Filho, and T. Abrão, “The effects of power control on the optical CDMA random access protocol,” Opt. Switch. Netw., vol.  9, pp. 52–60, Jan. 2012.
[CrossRef]

W. Van Heddeghem, F. Idzikowski, W. Vereecken, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption modeling in optical multilayer networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  24, no. 2, pp. 86–102, Oct. 2012.
[CrossRef]

E. Wong, “Next-generation broadband access networks and technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 4, pp. 597–608, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

F. R. Durand and T. Abrão, “Distributed SNIR optimization based on the Verhulst model in optical code path routed networks with physical constraints,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  3, no. 9, pp. 683–691, Sept. 2011.
[CrossRef]

M. Tang, C. Long, and X. Guan, “Nonconvex optimization for power control in wireless CDMA networks,” Wireless Personal Commun., vol.  58, no. 4, pp. 851–865, 2011.
[CrossRef]

R. S. Tucker, “Green optical communications. Part I: energy limitations in transport,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  17, no. 2, pp. 245–260, Mar.–Apr. 2011.
[CrossRef]

R. S. Tucker, “Green optical communications. Part II: energy limitations in networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  17, no. 2, pp. 261–274, Mar–Apr. 2011.
[CrossRef]

S. Yoo, “Energy efficiency in the future Internet: the role of optical packet switching and optical label switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  17, no. 2, pp. 406–418, Mar.–Apr. 2011.
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

F R. Durand, L. Galdino, L. H. Bonani, F. R. Barbosa, M. L. F. Abbade, and E. Moschim, “The effects of polarization mode dispersion on 2D wavelength-hopping time spreading code routed networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  20, no. 1, pp. 27–32, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

F. R. Durand, M. L. F. Abbade, F. R. Barbosa, and E. Moschim, “Design of multi-rate optical code paths considering polarization mode dispersion limitations,” IET Commun., vol.  4, no. 2, pp. 234–239, Jan. 2010.
[CrossRef]

S. Khaleghi and M. R. Pakravan, “Quality of service provisioning in optical CDMA packet networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  2, no. 5, pp. 283–292, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

H. Beyranvand and J. Salehi, “All-optical multiservice path switching in optical code switched GMPLS core network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  27, no. 12, pp. 2001–2012, June 2009.
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhu and L. Pavel, “Enabling differentiated services using generalized power control model in optical networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  57, no. 9, pp. 2570–2575, Sept. 2009.
[CrossRef]

E. Inaty, R. Raad, P. Fortier, and H. M. H. Shalaby, “A fair QoS-based resource allocation scheme for a time-slotted optical OV-CDMA packet network: a unified approach,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  26, no. 21, pp. 1–10, Jan. 2009.

N. Stefanovic and L. Pavel, “An analysis of stability with time-delay of link level power control in optical networks,” Automatica, vol.  45, pp. 149–154, 2009.
[CrossRef]

K. Zielinski, P. Weitkemper, R. Laur, and K. Kammeyer, “Optimization of power allocation for interference cancellation with particle swarm optimization,” IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput., vol.  13, no. 1, pp. 128–150, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

G. Pavani, L. Zuliani, H. Waldman, and M. Magalhães, “Distributed approaches for impairment-aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in GMPLS networks,” Comput. Netw., vol.  52, no. 10, pp. 1905–1915, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

C. C. Yang, J. F. Huang, and T. C. Hsu, “Differentiated service provision in optical CDMA network using power control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 20, pp. 1664–1666, 2008.
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

E. Mutafungwa, “Comparative analysis of the traffic performance of fiber-impairment limited WDM and hybrid OCDM/WDM networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  13, pp. 53–66, Jan. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, C.-S. Bres, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, T. W. Mossberg, and P. R. Prucnal, “Novel multicode-processing platform for wavelength-hopping time-spreading optical CDMA: a path to device miniaturization and enhanced network functionality,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  13, no. 5, pp. 1471–1479, Sept./Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

R. Raad, E. Inaty, P. Fortier, and H. M. H. Shalaby, “Optimal resource allocation scheme in a multirate overlapped optical CDMA system,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 8, pp. 2044–2053, Aug. 2007.
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brés and P. R. Prucnal, “Code-empowered lightwave networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 10, pp. 2911–2921, Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

N. Tarhuni, T. Korhonen, M. Elmusrati, and E. Mutafungwa, “Power control of optical CDMA star networks,” Opt. Commun., vol.  259, pp. 655–664, Mar. 2006.
[CrossRef]

A. Chatterjee and P. Siarry, “Nonlinear inertia weight variation for dynamic adaptation in particle swarm optimization,” Comput. Oper. Res., vol.  33, no. 3, pp. 859–871, Mar. 2006.
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

F. R. Durand, M. Lima, and E. Moschim, “Impact of PMD on hybrid WDM/OCDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 12, pp. 2787–2789, Dec. 2005.
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

D. Goodman and N. Mandayan, “Power control for wireless data,” IEEE Pers. Commun., vol.  7, no. 2, pp. 48–54, Apr. 2000.
[CrossRef]

Abbade, M. L. F.

F R. Durand, L. Galdino, L. H. Bonani, F. R. Barbosa, M. L. F. Abbade, and E. Moschim, “The effects of polarization mode dispersion on 2D wavelength-hopping time spreading code routed networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  20, no. 1, pp. 27–32, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

F. R. Durand, M. L. F. Abbade, F. R. Barbosa, and E. Moschim, “Design of multi-rate optical code paths considering polarization mode dispersion limitations,” IET Commun., vol.  4, no. 2, pp. 234–239, Jan. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Abrão, T.

F. R. Durand, M. S. Filho, and T. Abrão, “The effects of power control on the optical CDMA random access protocol,” Opt. Switch. Netw., vol.  9, pp. 52–60, Jan. 2012.
[CrossRef]

F. R. Durand and T. Abrão, “Distributed SNIR optimization based on the Verhulst model in optical code path routed networks with physical constraints,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  3, no. 9, pp. 683–691, Sept. 2011.
[CrossRef]

T. Abrão, L. D. Sampaio, M. Proença, B. A. Angélico, and P. J. E. Jeszensky, “Multiple access network optimization aspects via swarm search algorithms,” in Search Algorithms and Applications, N. Mansour, ed. Vienna: InTech, 2011, vol. 1, pp. 261–298.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems. Wiley, 2002.

Angélico, B. A.

T. Abrão, L. D. Sampaio, M. Proença, B. A. Angélico, and P. J. E. Jeszensky, “Multiple access network optimization aspects via swarm search algorithms,” in Search Algorithms and Applications, N. Mansour, ed. Vienna: InTech, 2011, vol. 1, pp. 261–298.

Baby, V.

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, C.-S. Bres, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, T. W. Mossberg, and P. R. Prucnal, “Novel multicode-processing platform for wavelength-hopping time-spreading optical CDMA: a path to device miniaturization and enhanced network functionality,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  13, no. 5, pp. 1471–1479, Sept./Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Barbosa, F. R.

F. R. Durand, M. L. F. Abbade, F. R. Barbosa, and E. Moschim, “Design of multi-rate optical code paths considering polarization mode dispersion limitations,” IET Commun., vol.  4, no. 2, pp. 234–239, Jan. 2010.
[CrossRef]

F R. Durand, L. Galdino, L. H. Bonani, F. R. Barbosa, M. L. F. Abbade, and E. Moschim, “The effects of polarization mode dispersion on 2D wavelength-hopping time spreading code routed networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  20, no. 1, pp. 27–32, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Beyranvand, H.

Bonani, L. H.

F R. Durand, L. Galdino, L. H. Bonani, F. R. Barbosa, M. L. F. Abbade, and E. Moschim, “The effects of polarization mode dispersion on 2D wavelength-hopping time spreading code routed networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  20, no. 1, pp. 27–32, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Bres, C.-S.

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, C.-S. Bres, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, T. W. Mossberg, and P. R. Prucnal, “Novel multicode-processing platform for wavelength-hopping time-spreading optical CDMA: a path to device miniaturization and enhanced network functionality,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  13, no. 5, pp. 1471–1479, Sept./Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Brés, C.-S.

Chatterjee, A.

A. Chatterjee and P. Siarry, “Nonlinear inertia weight variation for dynamic adaptation in particle swarm optimization,” Comput. Oper. Res., vol.  33, no. 3, pp. 859–871, Mar. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Colle, D.

W. Van Heddeghem, F. Idzikowski, W. Vereecken, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption modeling in optical multilayer networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  24, no. 2, pp. 86–102, Oct. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Demeester, P.

W. Van Heddeghem, F. Idzikowski, W. Vereecken, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption modeling in optical multilayer networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  24, no. 2, pp. 86–102, Oct. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Durand, F R.

F R. Durand, L. Galdino, L. H. Bonani, F. R. Barbosa, M. L. F. Abbade, and E. Moschim, “The effects of polarization mode dispersion on 2D wavelength-hopping time spreading code routed networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  20, no. 1, pp. 27–32, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Durand, F. R.

F. R. Durand, M. S. Filho, and T. Abrão, “The effects of power control on the optical CDMA random access protocol,” Opt. Switch. Netw., vol.  9, pp. 52–60, Jan. 2012.
[CrossRef]

F. R. Durand and T. Abrão, “Distributed SNIR optimization based on the Verhulst model in optical code path routed networks with physical constraints,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  3, no. 9, pp. 683–691, Sept. 2011.
[CrossRef]

F. R. Durand, M. L. F. Abbade, F. R. Barbosa, and E. Moschim, “Design of multi-rate optical code paths considering polarization mode dispersion limitations,” IET Commun., vol.  4, no. 2, pp. 234–239, Jan. 2010.
[CrossRef]

F. R. Durand, M. Lima, and E. Moschim, “Impact of PMD on hybrid WDM/OCDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 12, pp. 2787–2789, Dec. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Eberhart, R. C.

J. Kennedy and R. C. Eberhart, “Particle swarm optimization,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Neural Networks, Piscataway, NJ, 1995, pp. 1942–1948.

Elkamchouchi, H.

H. Elkamchouchi, H. Elragal, and M. Makar, “Power control in CDMA system using particle swarm optimization,” in 24th National Radio Science Conference, Cairo, 2007, pp. 1–8.

Elmusrati, M.

N. Tarhuni, T. Korhonen, M. Elmusrati, and E. Mutafungwa, “Power control of optical CDMA star networks,” Opt. Commun., vol.  259, pp. 655–664, Mar. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Elragal, H.

H. Elkamchouchi, H. Elragal, and M. Makar, “Power control in CDMA system using particle swarm optimization,” in 24th National Radio Science Conference, Cairo, 2007, pp. 1–8.

Filho, M. S.

F. R. Durand, M. S. Filho, and T. Abrão, “The effects of power control on the optical CDMA random access protocol,” Opt. Switch. Netw., vol.  9, pp. 52–60, Jan. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Fortie, P.

Fortier, P.

E. Inaty, R. Raad, P. Fortier, and H. M. H. Shalaby, “A fair QoS-based resource allocation scheme for a time-slotted optical OV-CDMA packet network: a unified approach,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  26, no. 21, pp. 1–10, Jan. 2009.

R. Raad, E. Inaty, P. Fortier, and H. M. H. Shalaby, “Optimal resource allocation scheme in a multirate overlapped optical CDMA system,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 8, pp. 2044–2053, Aug. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Galdino, L.

F R. Durand, L. Galdino, L. H. Bonani, F. R. Barbosa, M. L. F. Abbade, and E. Moschim, “The effects of polarization mode dispersion on 2D wavelength-hopping time spreading code routed networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  20, no. 1, pp. 27–32, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Glesk, I.

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, C.-S. Bres, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, T. W. Mossberg, and P. R. Prucnal, “Novel multicode-processing platform for wavelength-hopping time-spreading optical CDMA: a path to device miniaturization and enhanced network functionality,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  13, no. 5, pp. 1471–1479, Sept./Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Goodman, D.

D. Goodman and N. Mandayan, “Power control for wireless data,” IEEE Pers. Commun., vol.  7, no. 2, pp. 48–54, Apr. 2000.
[CrossRef]

Greiner, C. M.

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, C.-S. Bres, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, T. W. Mossberg, and P. R. Prucnal, “Novel multicode-processing platform for wavelength-hopping time-spreading optical CDMA: a path to device miniaturization and enhanced network functionality,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  13, no. 5, pp. 1471–1479, Sept./Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Guan, X.

M. Tang, C. Long, and X. Guan, “Nonconvex optimization for power control in wireless CDMA networks,” Wireless Personal Commun., vol.  58, no. 4, pp. 851–865, 2011.
[CrossRef]

Habib, I.

M. Moustafa, I. Habib, and M. Naghshineh, “Genetic algorithm for mobiles equilibrium,” in 21st Century Military Communications Conf. Proc., 2000, pp. 70–74.

Hsu, T. C.

C. C. Yang, J. F. Huang, and T. C. Hsu, “Differentiated service provision in optical CDMA network using power control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 20, pp. 1664–1666, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. F.

C. C. Yang, J. F. Huang, and T. C. Hsu, “Differentiated service provision in optical CDMA network using power control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 20, pp. 1664–1666, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.-K.

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, C.-S. Bres, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, T. W. Mossberg, and P. R. Prucnal, “Novel multicode-processing platform for wavelength-hopping time-spreading optical CDMA: a path to device miniaturization and enhanced network functionality,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  13, no. 5, pp. 1471–1479, Sept./Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Iazikov, D.

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, C.-S. Bres, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, T. W. Mossberg, and P. R. Prucnal, “Novel multicode-processing platform for wavelength-hopping time-spreading optical CDMA: a path to device miniaturization and enhanced network functionality,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  13, no. 5, pp. 1471–1479, Sept./Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Idzikowski, F.

W. Van Heddeghem, F. Idzikowski, W. Vereecken, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption modeling in optical multilayer networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  24, no. 2, pp. 86–102, Oct. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Inaty, E.

Jeszensky, P. J. E.

T. Abrão, L. D. Sampaio, M. Proença, B. A. Angélico, and P. J. E. Jeszensky, “Multiple access network optimization aspects via swarm search algorithms,” in Search Algorithms and Applications, N. Mansour, ed. Vienna: InTech, 2011, vol. 1, pp. 261–298.

Kammeyer, K.

K. Zielinski, P. Weitkemper, R. Laur, and K. Kammeyer, “Optimization of power allocation for interference cancellation with particle swarm optimization,” IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput., vol.  13, no. 1, pp. 128–150, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, J.

J. Kennedy and R. C. Eberhart, “Particle swarm optimization,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Neural Networks, Piscataway, NJ, 1995, pp. 1942–1948.

Khaleghi, S.

Kobayashi, T.

Korhonen, T.

N. Tarhuni, T. Korhonen, M. Elmusrati, and E. Mutafungwa, “Power control of optical CDMA star networks,” Opt. Commun., vol.  259, pp. 655–664, Mar. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Laur, R.

K. Zielinski, P. Weitkemper, R. Laur, and K. Kammeyer, “Optimization of power allocation for interference cancellation with particle swarm optimization,” IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput., vol.  13, no. 1, pp. 128–150, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Lima, M.

F. R. Durand, M. Lima, and E. Moschim, “Impact of PMD on hybrid WDM/OCDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 12, pp. 2787–2789, Dec. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Long, C.

M. Tang, C. Long, and X. Guan, “Nonconvex optimization for power control in wireless CDMA networks,” Wireless Personal Commun., vol.  58, no. 4, pp. 851–865, 2011.
[CrossRef]

Magalhães, M.

G. Pavani, L. Zuliani, H. Waldman, and M. Magalhães, “Distributed approaches for impairment-aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in GMPLS networks,” Comput. Netw., vol.  52, no. 10, pp. 1905–1915, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

Makar, M.

H. Elkamchouchi, H. Elragal, and M. Makar, “Power control in CDMA system using particle swarm optimization,” in 24th National Radio Science Conference, Cairo, 2007, pp. 1–8.

Mandayan, N.

D. Goodman and N. Mandayan, “Power control for wireless data,” IEEE Pers. Commun., vol.  7, no. 2, pp. 48–54, Apr. 2000.
[CrossRef]

Miyazawa, T.

T. Miyazawa and I. Sasase, “Multirate and multiquality transmission scheme using adaptive overlapping pulse-position modulator and power controller in optical CDMA networks,” in IEEE Int. Conf. Networks, Nov. 2004, pp. 127–131.

Moschim, E.

F R. Durand, L. Galdino, L. H. Bonani, F. R. Barbosa, M. L. F. Abbade, and E. Moschim, “The effects of polarization mode dispersion on 2D wavelength-hopping time spreading code routed networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  20, no. 1, pp. 27–32, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

F. R. Durand, M. L. F. Abbade, F. R. Barbosa, and E. Moschim, “Design of multi-rate optical code paths considering polarization mode dispersion limitations,” IET Commun., vol.  4, no. 2, pp. 234–239, Jan. 2010.
[CrossRef]

F. R. Durand, M. Lima, and E. Moschim, “Impact of PMD on hybrid WDM/OCDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 12, pp. 2787–2789, Dec. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Mossberg, T. W.

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, C.-S. Bres, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, T. W. Mossberg, and P. R. Prucnal, “Novel multicode-processing platform for wavelength-hopping time-spreading optical CDMA: a path to device miniaturization and enhanced network functionality,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  13, no. 5, pp. 1471–1479, Sept./Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Mourelle, L. M.

N. Nedjah and L. M. Mourelle, Swarm Intelligent Systems. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 2006.

Moustafa, M.

M. Moustafa, I. Habib, and M. Naghshineh, “Genetic algorithm for mobiles equilibrium,” in 21st Century Military Communications Conf. Proc., 2000, pp. 70–74.

Mutafungwa, E.

E. Mutafungwa, “Comparative analysis of the traffic performance of fiber-impairment limited WDM and hybrid OCDM/WDM networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  13, pp. 53–66, Jan. 2007.
[CrossRef]

N. Tarhuni, T. Korhonen, M. Elmusrati, and E. Mutafungwa, “Power control of optical CDMA star networks,” Opt. Commun., vol.  259, pp. 655–664, Mar. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Naghshineh, M.

M. Moustafa, I. Habib, and M. Naghshineh, “Genetic algorithm for mobiles equilibrium,” in 21st Century Military Communications Conf. Proc., 2000, pp. 70–74.

Nedjah, N.

N. Nedjah and L. M. Mourelle, Swarm Intelligent Systems. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 2006.

Olsson, A. E.

A. E. Olsson, Particle Swarm Optimization: Theory, Techniques and Applications. Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2011.

Pakravan, M. R.

Pavani, G.

G. Pavani, L. Zuliani, H. Waldman, and M. Magalhães, “Distributed approaches for impairment-aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in GMPLS networks,” Comput. Netw., vol.  52, no. 10, pp. 1905–1915, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

Pavel, L.

N. Stefanovic and L. Pavel, “An analysis of stability with time-delay of link level power control in optical networks,” Automatica, vol.  45, pp. 149–154, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhu and L. Pavel, “Enabling differentiated services using generalized power control model in optical networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  57, no. 9, pp. 2570–2575, Sept. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Pickavet, M.

W. Van Heddeghem, F. Idzikowski, W. Vereecken, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption modeling in optical multilayer networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  24, no. 2, pp. 86–102, Oct. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Proença, M.

T. Abrão, L. D. Sampaio, M. Proença, B. A. Angélico, and P. J. E. Jeszensky, “Multiple access network optimization aspects via swarm search algorithms,” in Search Algorithms and Applications, N. Mansour, ed. Vienna: InTech, 2011, vol. 1, pp. 261–298.

Prucnal, P. R.

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, C.-S. Bres, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, T. W. Mossberg, and P. R. Prucnal, “Novel multicode-processing platform for wavelength-hopping time-spreading optical CDMA: a path to device miniaturization and enhanced network functionality,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  13, no. 5, pp. 1471–1479, Sept./Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brés and P. R. Prucnal, “Code-empowered lightwave networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 10, pp. 2911–2921, Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Raad, R.

E. Inaty, R. Raad, P. Fortier, and H. M. H. Shalaby, “A fair QoS-based resource allocation scheme for a time-slotted optical OV-CDMA packet network: a unified approach,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  26, no. 21, pp. 1–10, Jan. 2009.

R. Raad, E. Inaty, P. Fortier, and H. M. H. Shalaby, “Optimal resource allocation scheme in a multirate overlapped optical CDMA system,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 8, pp. 2044–2053, Aug. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

H. Yin and D. J. Richardson, Optical Code Division Multiple Access Communication Networks: Theory and Applications. Berlin: Springer-Verlag & Tsinghua University, 2009.

Rusch, L.

Salehi, J.

Sampaio, L. D.

T. Abrão, L. D. Sampaio, M. Proença, B. A. Angélico, and P. J. E. Jeszensky, “Multiple access network optimization aspects via swarm search algorithms,” in Search Algorithms and Applications, N. Mansour, ed. Vienna: InTech, 2011, vol. 1, pp. 261–298.

Sasase, I.

T. Miyazawa and I. Sasase, “Multirate and multiquality transmission scheme using adaptive overlapping pulse-position modulator and power controller in optical CDMA networks,” in IEEE Int. Conf. Networks, Nov. 2004, pp. 127–131.

Shalaby, H.

Shalaby, H. M. H.

E. Inaty, R. Raad, P. Fortier, and H. M. H. Shalaby, “A fair QoS-based resource allocation scheme for a time-slotted optical OV-CDMA packet network: a unified approach,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  26, no. 21, pp. 1–10, Jan. 2009.

R. Raad, E. Inaty, P. Fortier, and H. M. H. Shalaby, “Optimal resource allocation scheme in a multirate overlapped optical CDMA system,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 8, pp. 2044–2053, Aug. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Siarry, P.

A. Chatterjee and P. Siarry, “Nonlinear inertia weight variation for dynamic adaptation in particle swarm optimization,” Comput. Oper. Res., vol.  33, no. 3, pp. 859–871, Mar. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Stefanovic, N.

N. Stefanovic and L. Pavel, “An analysis of stability with time-delay of link level power control in optical networks,” Automatica, vol.  45, pp. 149–154, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Tang, M.

M. Tang, C. Long, and X. Guan, “Nonconvex optimization for power control in wireless CDMA networks,” Wireless Personal Commun., vol.  58, no. 4, pp. 851–865, 2011.
[CrossRef]

Tarhuni, N.

N. Tarhuni, T. Korhonen, M. Elmusrati, and E. Mutafungwa, “Power control of optical CDMA star networks,” Opt. Commun., vol.  259, pp. 655–664, Mar. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

R. S. Tucker, “Green optical communications. Part I: energy limitations in transport,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  17, no. 2, pp. 245–260, Mar.–Apr. 2011.
[CrossRef]

R. S. Tucker, “Green optical communications. Part II: energy limitations in networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  17, no. 2, pp. 261–274, Mar–Apr. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Van Heddeghem, W.

W. Van Heddeghem, F. Idzikowski, W. Vereecken, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption modeling in optical multilayer networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  24, no. 2, pp. 86–102, Oct. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Vereecken, W.

W. Van Heddeghem, F. Idzikowski, W. Vereecken, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption modeling in optical multilayer networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  24, no. 2, pp. 86–102, Oct. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Waldman, H.

G. Pavani, L. Zuliani, H. Waldman, and M. Magalhães, “Distributed approaches for impairment-aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in GMPLS networks,” Comput. Netw., vol.  52, no. 10, pp. 1905–1915, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

Weitkemper, P.

K. Zielinski, P. Weitkemper, R. Laur, and K. Kammeyer, “Optimization of power allocation for interference cancellation with particle swarm optimization,” IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput., vol.  13, no. 1, pp. 128–150, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Wong, E.

Yang, C. C.

C. C. Yang, J. F. Huang, and T. C. Hsu, “Differentiated service provision in optical CDMA network using power control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 20, pp. 1664–1666, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Yashima, H.

Yin, H.

H. Yin and D. J. Richardson, Optical Code Division Multiple Access Communication Networks: Theory and Applications. Berlin: Springer-Verlag & Tsinghua University, 2009.

Yoo, S.

S. Yoo, “Energy efficiency in the future Internet: the role of optical packet switching and optical label switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  17, no. 2, pp. 406–418, Mar.–Apr. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Q.

Q. Zhu and L. Pavel, “Enabling differentiated services using generalized power control model in optical networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  57, no. 9, pp. 2570–2575, Sept. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Zielinski, K.

K. Zielinski, P. Weitkemper, R. Laur, and K. Kammeyer, “Optimization of power allocation for interference cancellation with particle swarm optimization,” IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput., vol.  13, no. 1, pp. 128–150, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Zuliani, L.

G. Pavani, L. Zuliani, H. Waldman, and M. Magalhães, “Distributed approaches for impairment-aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in GMPLS networks,” Comput. Netw., vol.  52, no. 10, pp. 1905–1915, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

Automatica (1)

N. Stefanovic and L. Pavel, “An analysis of stability with time-delay of link level power control in optical networks,” Automatica, vol.  45, pp. 149–154, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Comput. Netw. (1)

G. Pavani, L. Zuliani, H. Waldman, and M. Magalhães, “Distributed approaches for impairment-aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in GMPLS networks,” Comput. Netw., vol.  52, no. 10, pp. 1905–1915, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

Comput. Oper. Res. (1)

A. Chatterjee and P. Siarry, “Nonlinear inertia weight variation for dynamic adaptation in particle swarm optimization,” Comput. Oper. Res., vol.  33, no. 3, pp. 859–871, Mar. 2006.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (4)

Y.-K. Huang, V. Baby, I. Glesk, C.-S. Bres, C. M. Greiner, D. Iazikov, T. W. Mossberg, and P. R. Prucnal, “Novel multicode-processing platform for wavelength-hopping time-spreading optical CDMA: a path to device miniaturization and enhanced network functionality,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  13, no. 5, pp. 1471–1479, Sept./Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

R. S. Tucker, “Green optical communications. Part I: energy limitations in transport,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  17, no. 2, pp. 245–260, Mar.–Apr. 2011.
[CrossRef]

R. S. Tucker, “Green optical communications. Part II: energy limitations in networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  17, no. 2, pp. 261–274, Mar–Apr. 2011.
[CrossRef]

S. Yoo, “Energy efficiency in the future Internet: the role of optical packet switching and optical label switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  17, no. 2, pp. 406–418, Mar.–Apr. 2011.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Pers. Commun. (1)

D. Goodman and N. Mandayan, “Power control for wireless data,” IEEE Pers. Commun., vol.  7, no. 2, pp. 48–54, Apr. 2000.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

F. R. Durand, M. Lima, and E. Moschim, “Impact of PMD on hybrid WDM/OCDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 12, pp. 2787–2789, Dec. 2005.
[CrossRef]

C. C. Yang, J. F. Huang, and T. C. Hsu, “Differentiated service provision in optical CDMA network using power control,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, no. 20, pp. 1664–1666, 2008.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

Q. Zhu and L. Pavel, “Enabling differentiated services using generalized power control model in optical networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  57, no. 9, pp. 2570–2575, Sept. 2009.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput. (1)

K. Zielinski, P. Weitkemper, R. Laur, and K. Kammeyer, “Optimization of power allocation for interference cancellation with particle swarm optimization,” IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput., vol.  13, no. 1, pp. 128–150, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

IET Commun. (1)

F. R. Durand, M. L. F. Abbade, F. R. Barbosa, and E. Moschim, “Design of multi-rate optical code paths considering polarization mode dispersion limitations,” IET Commun., vol.  4, no. 2, pp. 234–239, Jan. 2010.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (7)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. Tarhuni, T. Korhonen, M. Elmusrati, and E. Mutafungwa, “Power control of optical CDMA star networks,” Opt. Commun., vol.  259, pp. 655–664, Mar. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Opt. Switch. Netw. (1)

F. R. Durand, M. S. Filho, and T. Abrão, “The effects of power control on the optical CDMA random access protocol,” Opt. Switch. Netw., vol.  9, pp. 52–60, Jan. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Photon. Netw. Commun. (3)

E. Mutafungwa, “Comparative analysis of the traffic performance of fiber-impairment limited WDM and hybrid OCDM/WDM networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  13, pp. 53–66, Jan. 2007.
[CrossRef]

F R. Durand, L. Galdino, L. H. Bonani, F. R. Barbosa, M. L. F. Abbade, and E. Moschim, “The effects of polarization mode dispersion on 2D wavelength-hopping time spreading code routed networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  20, no. 1, pp. 27–32, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

W. Van Heddeghem, F. Idzikowski, W. Vereecken, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption modeling in optical multilayer networks,” Photon. Netw. Commun., vol.  24, no. 2, pp. 86–102, Oct. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Wireless Personal Commun. (1)

M. Tang, C. Long, and X. Guan, “Nonconvex optimization for power control in wireless CDMA networks,” Wireless Personal Commun., vol.  58, no. 4, pp. 851–865, 2011.
[CrossRef]

Other (10)

T. Miyazawa and I. Sasase, “Multirate and multiquality transmission scheme using adaptive overlapping pulse-position modulator and power controller in optical CDMA networks,” in IEEE Int. Conf. Networks, Nov. 2004, pp. 127–131.

H. Yin and D. J. Richardson, Optical Code Division Multiple Access Communication Networks: Theory and Applications. Berlin: Springer-Verlag & Tsinghua University, 2009.

H. Elkamchouchi, H. Elragal, and M. Makar, “Power control in CDMA system using particle swarm optimization,” in 24th National Radio Science Conference, Cairo, 2007, pp. 1–8.

J. Kennedy and R. C. Eberhart, “Particle swarm optimization,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Neural Networks, Piscataway, NJ, 1995, pp. 1942–1948.

A. E. Olsson, Particle Swarm Optimization: Theory, Techniques and Applications. Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2011.

T. Abrão, L. D. Sampaio, M. Proença, B. A. Angélico, and P. J. E. Jeszensky, “Multiple access network optimization aspects via swarm search algorithms,” in Search Algorithms and Applications, N. Mansour, ed. Vienna: InTech, 2011, vol. 1, pp. 261–298.

N. Nedjah and L. M. Mourelle, Swarm Intelligent Systems. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 2006.

ThorLabs, High-power pm circulators [Online]. Available: http://www.thorlabs.us/NewGroupPage9.cfm?ObjectGroup_ID=373 .

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems. Wiley, 2002.

M. Moustafa, I. Habib, and M. Naghshineh, “Genetic algorithm for mobiles equilibrium,” in 21st Century Military Communications Conf. Proc., 2000, pp. 70–74.

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