Abstract

Optical network virtualization enables network operators to compose and operate multiple independent and application-specific virtual optical networks (VONs) sharing a common physical infrastructure. To achieve this capability, the virtualization mechanism must guarantee isolation between coexisting VONs. In order to satisfy this fundamental requirement, the VON composition mechanism must take into account the impact of physical layer impairments (PLIs). In this paper we propose a new infrastructure as a service architecture utilizing optical network virtualization. We introduce novel PLI-aware VON composition algorithms suitable for single-line-rate (SLR) and mixed-line-rate (MLR) network scenarios. In order to assess the impact of PLIs and guarantee the isolation of multiple coexisting VONs, PLI assessment models for intra- and inter-VON impairments are proposed and adopted in the VON composition process for both SLR and MLR networks. In the SLR networks, the PLI-aware VON composition mechanisms with both heuristic and optimal (MILP) mapping methods are proposed. A replanning strategy is proposed for the MILP mapping method in order to increase its efficiency. In the MLR networks, a new virtual link mapping method suitable for the MLR network scenario and two line rate distribution methods are proposed. With the proposed PLI-aware VON composition methods, multiple coexisting and cost-effective VONs with guaranteed transmission quality can be dynamically composed. We evaluate and compare the performance of the proposed VON composition methods through extensive simulation studies with various network scenarios.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, 2012.
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

A. Nag, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Optical network design with mixed line rates and multiple modulation formats,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 4, pp. 466–475, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

N. M. Mosharaf, K. Chowdhury, and R. Boutaba, “A survey of network virtualization,” Comput. Netw., vol.  54, no. 5, pp. 862–876, Apr. 2010.
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

C. V. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical layer impairment aware routing (PLIAR) in WDM optcial networks: issues and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  11, no. 4, pp. 109–130, 2009.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, Nov. 2009.
[CrossRef]

S. Figuerola and M. Lemay, “Infrastructure services for optical networks (Invited),” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  1, no. 2, pp. A247–A257, 2009.
[CrossRef]

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast routing algorithms based on Q-factor physical layer constraints in metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 6, pp. 365–367, 2009.
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

P. J. Winzer and R. J. Essiambre, “Advanced optical modulation formats,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  94, no. 5, pp. 952–985, May 2006.
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

P. Humblet and M. Azizoglu, “On the bit error rate of lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  9, no. 11, pp. 1576–1582, 1991.
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed.San Diego, CA: Academic, 2000.

Anastasopoulos, M.

S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, A. Tzanakaki, and A. Vernitski, “performance modelling and analysis of dynamic virtual optical network composition,” in Proc. ONDM, Apr. 2012.

Anastasopoulos, M. P.

A. Tzanakaki, M. P. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. F. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: the GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2011, pp. 343–348.

Andriolli, N.

Antoniades, N.

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast routing algorithms based on Q-factor physical layer constraints in metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 6, pp. 365–367, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Azizoglu, M.

P. Humblet and M. Azizoglu, “On the bit error rate of lightwave systems with optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  9, no. 11, pp. 1576–1582, 1991.
[CrossRef]

Azodolmolky, S.

S. Peng, R. Nejabati, S. Azodolmolky, E. Escalona, and D. Simeonidou, “An impairment-aware virtual optical network composition mechanism for future Internet,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, no. 26, pp. B251–B259, Dec. 2011.
[CrossRef]

S. Peng, R. Nejabati, S. Azodolmolky, E. Escalona, and D. Simeonidou, “Virtual optical network composition over single-line-rate and mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012.

Belter, B.

E. Escalona, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, J. A. Garcia-Espin, J. Ferrer, S. Figuerola, G. Landi, N. Ciulli, J. Jimenez, B. Belter, Y. Demechenko, C. de Laat, X. Chen, A. Yukan, S. Soudan, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, A. Tzanakaki, P. Robinson, M. Brogle, and T. M. Bohnert, “GEYSERS: a novel architecture for virtualization and co-provisioning of dynamic optical networks and IT services,” in Proc. FNMS, 2011.

Bohnert, T. M.

E. Escalona, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, J. A. Garcia-Espin, J. Ferrer, S. Figuerola, G. Landi, N. Ciulli, J. Jimenez, B. Belter, Y. Demechenko, C. de Laat, X. Chen, A. Yukan, S. Soudan, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, A. Tzanakaki, P. Robinson, M. Brogle, and T. M. Bohnert, “GEYSERS: a novel architecture for virtualization and co-provisioning of dynamic optical networks and IT services,” in Proc. FNMS, 2011.

Bottari, G.

Boutaba, R.

N. M. Mosharaf, K. Chowdhury, and R. Boutaba, “A survey of network virtualization,” Comput. Netw., vol.  54, no. 5, pp. 862–876, Apr. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Brogle, M.

E. Escalona, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, J. A. Garcia-Espin, J. Ferrer, S. Figuerola, G. Landi, N. Ciulli, J. Jimenez, B. Belter, Y. Demechenko, C. de Laat, X. Chen, A. Yukan, S. Soudan, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, A. Tzanakaki, P. Robinson, M. Brogle, and T. M. Bohnert, “GEYSERS: a novel architecture for virtualization and co-provisioning of dynamic optical networks and IT services,” in Proc. FNMS, 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. P. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. F. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: the GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2011, pp. 343–348.

Buysse, J.

A. Tzanakaki, M. P. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. F. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: the GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2011, pp. 343–348.

E. Escalona, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, J. A. Garcia-Espin, J. Ferrer, S. Figuerola, G. Landi, N. Ciulli, J. Jimenez, B. Belter, Y. Demechenko, C. de Laat, X. Chen, A. Yukan, S. Soudan, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, A. Tzanakaki, P. Robinson, M. Brogle, and T. M. Bohnert, “GEYSERS: a novel architecture for virtualization and co-provisioning of dynamic optical networks and IT services,” in Proc. FNMS, 2011.

Buyya, R.

C. Vecchiola, S. Pandey, and R. Buyya, “High-performance cloud computing: a view of scientific applications,” in Proc. I-SPAN, Dec. 2009, pp. 4–16.

Castoldi, P.

Cavaliere, F.

Chen, X.

E. Escalona, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, J. A. Garcia-Espin, J. Ferrer, S. Figuerola, G. Landi, N. Ciulli, J. Jimenez, B. Belter, Y. Demechenko, C. de Laat, X. Chen, A. Yukan, S. Soudan, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, A. Tzanakaki, P. Robinson, M. Brogle, and T. M. Bohnert, “GEYSERS: a novel architecture for virtualization and co-provisioning of dynamic optical networks and IT services,” in Proc. FNMS, 2011.

Cheng, X.

X. Cheng, S. Su, Z. Zhang, H. Wang, F. Yang, Y. Luo, and J. Wang, “Virtual network embedding through topology-aware node ranking,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  41, no. 2, pp. 38–47, 2011.
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, K.

N. M. Mosharaf, K. Chowdhury, and R. Boutaba, “A survey of network virtualization,” Comput. Netw., vol.  54, no. 5, pp. 862–876, Apr. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Ciulli, N.

E. Escalona, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, J. A. Garcia-Espin, J. Ferrer, S. Figuerola, G. Landi, N. Ciulli, J. Jimenez, B. Belter, Y. Demechenko, C. de Laat, X. Chen, A. Yukan, S. Soudan, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, A. Tzanakaki, P. Robinson, M. Brogle, and T. M. Bohnert, “GEYSERS: a novel architecture for virtualization and co-provisioning of dynamic optical networks and IT services,” in Proc. FNMS, 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. P. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. F. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: the GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2011, pp. 343–348.

Colle, D.

C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Cugini, F.

de Laat, C.

E. Escalona, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, J. A. Garcia-Espin, J. Ferrer, S. Figuerola, G. Landi, N. Ciulli, J. Jimenez, B. Belter, Y. Demechenko, C. de Laat, X. Chen, A. Yukan, S. Soudan, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, A. Tzanakaki, P. Robinson, M. Brogle, and T. M. Bohnert, “GEYSERS: a novel architecture for virtualization and co-provisioning of dynamic optical networks and IT services,” in Proc. FNMS, 2011.

De Leenheer, M.

C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, 2012.
[CrossRef]

A. Tzanakaki, M. P. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. F. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: the GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2011, pp. 343–348.

E. Escalona, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, J. A. Garcia-Espin, J. Ferrer, S. Figuerola, G. Landi, N. Ciulli, J. Jimenez, B. Belter, Y. Demechenko, C. de Laat, X. Chen, A. Yukan, S. Soudan, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, A. Tzanakaki, P. Robinson, M. Brogle, and T. M. Bohnert, “GEYSERS: a novel architecture for virtualization and co-provisioning of dynamic optical networks and IT services,” in Proc. FNMS, 2011.

De Turck, F.

C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Demechenko, Y.

E. Escalona, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, J. A. Garcia-Espin, J. Ferrer, S. Figuerola, G. Landi, N. Ciulli, J. Jimenez, B. Belter, Y. Demechenko, C. de Laat, X. Chen, A. Yukan, S. Soudan, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, A. Tzanakaki, P. Robinson, M. Brogle, and T. M. Bohnert, “GEYSERS: a novel architecture for virtualization and co-provisioning of dynamic optical networks and IT services,” in Proc. FNMS, 2011.

Demeester, P.

C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Develder, C.

C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, 2012.
[CrossRef]

A. Tzanakaki, M. P. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. F. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: the GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2011, pp. 343–348.

E. Escalona, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, J. A. Garcia-Espin, J. Ferrer, S. Figuerola, G. Landi, N. Ciulli, J. Jimenez, B. Belter, Y. Demechenko, C. de Laat, X. Chen, A. Yukan, S. Soudan, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, A. Tzanakaki, P. Robinson, M. Brogle, and T. M. Bohnert, “GEYSERS: a novel architecture for virtualization and co-provisioning of dynamic optical networks and IT services,” in Proc. FNMS, 2011.

Dhoedt, B.

C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Donadio, P.

A. Tzanakaki, M. P. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. F. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: the GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2011, pp. 343–348.

Ellinas, G.

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast routing algorithms based on Q-factor physical layer constraints in metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 6, pp. 365–367, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Escalona, E.

S. Peng, R. Nejabati, S. Azodolmolky, E. Escalona, and D. Simeonidou, “An impairment-aware virtual optical network composition mechanism for future Internet,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, no. 26, pp. B251–B259, Dec. 2011.
[CrossRef]

A. Tzanakaki, M. P. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. F. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: the GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2011, pp. 343–348.

R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, S. Peng, and D. Simeonidou, “Optical network virtualization (Invited),” in Proc. ONDM, Feb. 2011.

E. Escalona, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, J. A. Garcia-Espin, J. Ferrer, S. Figuerola, G. Landi, N. Ciulli, J. Jimenez, B. Belter, Y. Demechenko, C. de Laat, X. Chen, A. Yukan, S. Soudan, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, A. Tzanakaki, P. Robinson, M. Brogle, and T. M. Bohnert, “GEYSERS: a novel architecture for virtualization and co-provisioning of dynamic optical networks and IT services,” in Proc. FNMS, 2011.

S. Peng, R. Nejabati, S. Azodolmolky, E. Escalona, and D. Simeonidou, “Virtual optical network composition over single-line-rate and mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012.

S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, A. Tzanakaki, and A. Vernitski, “performance modelling and analysis of dynamic virtual optical network composition,” in Proc. ONDM, Apr. 2012.

Essiambre, R. J.

P. J. Winzer and R. J. Essiambre, “Advanced optical modulation formats,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  94, no. 5, pp. 952–985, May 2006.
[CrossRef]

Ferrer, J.

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S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, A. Tzanakaki, and A. Vernitski, “performance modelling and analysis of dynamic virtual optical network composition,” in Proc. ONDM, Apr. 2012.

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S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, A. Tzanakaki, and A. Vernitski, “performance modelling and analysis of dynamic virtual optical network composition,” in Proc. ONDM, Apr. 2012.

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S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, A. Tzanakaki, and A. Vernitski, “performance modelling and analysis of dynamic virtual optical network composition,” in Proc. ONDM, Apr. 2012.

S. Peng, R. Nejabati, S. Azodolmolky, E. Escalona, and D. Simeonidou, “Virtual optical network composition over single-line-rate and mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012.

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E. Escalona, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, J. A. Garcia-Espin, J. Ferrer, S. Figuerola, G. Landi, N. Ciulli, J. Jimenez, B. Belter, Y. Demechenko, C. de Laat, X. Chen, A. Yukan, S. Soudan, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, A. Tzanakaki, P. Robinson, M. Brogle, and T. M. Bohnert, “GEYSERS: a novel architecture for virtualization and co-provisioning of dynamic optical networks and IT services,” in Proc. FNMS, 2011.

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A. Pagès, J. A. García-Espín, J. Perelló, J. Ferrer Riera, S. Spadaro, and S. Figuerola, “Optimal allocation of virtual optical networks for the future Internet,” in Proc. ONDM, Apr. 2012.

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M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, Nov. 2009.
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S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, A. Tzanakaki, and A. Vernitski, “performance modelling and analysis of dynamic virtual optical network composition,” in Proc. ONDM, Apr. 2012.

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