Abstract

A dual parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator (DPMZM) used for electro-optic conversion of multi-band orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) ultra-wideband (UWB) radio signals in intensity modulated direct detection optical communication systems is optimized theoretically and through numerical simulation. The optimum DPMZM parameters that allow simultaneous mitigation of the second and third order distortion components created by the joint electro-optic converter and photodiode nonlinearities are identified. The corresponding minimum optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) required to achieve a bit error ratio of 10−9 is also evaluated. An analytical expression showing the relation between the optimum DPMZM parameters under extended voltage levels of the OFDM-UWB signals applied to the DPMZM is proposed and validated. It is shown that the DPMZM performance presents high robustness to deviations from the optimum DPMZM parameters identified. Additionally, it is shown that similar minimum required OSNR levels are obtained with the optimized DPMZM and when the electro-optic conversion is realized by a single MZM.

© 2013 OSA

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2011 (4)

M. Morant, R. Llorente, J. Hauden, T. Quinlan, A. Mottet, and S. Walker, “Dual-drive LiNbO3 interferometric Mach–Zehnder architecture with extended linear regime for high peak-to-average OFDM-based communication system,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 26, pp. B450–B456, Nov.2011.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Performance comparison of OFDM-UWB radio signals distribution in long-reach PONs using Mach–Zehnder and linearized modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 1311–1320, June2011.
[CrossRef]

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Distribution of double-sideband OFDM-UWB radio signals in dispersion compensated long-reach PONs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 16, pp. 2467–2474, Aug.2011.
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, M. Violas, and N. Carvalho, “Digital predistortion for RSOAs as external modulators in radio over fiber system,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 18, pp. 17641–17646, Aug.2011.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Semi-analytical approach for performance evaluation of direct-detection OFDM optical communication systems,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 21, pp. 18714–18729, Oct.2009.
[CrossRef]

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Performance degradation due to OFDM-UWB radio signal transmission along dispersive single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 158–160, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

A. Ferreira, T. Silveira, D. Fonseca, R. Ribeiro, and P. Monteiro, “Highly linear integrated optical transmitter for subcarrier multiplexed systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 438–440, Apr.2009.
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June2008.
[CrossRef]

M. Jazayerifar, B. Cabon, and J. Salehi, “Transmission of multi-band OFDM and impulse radio ultra-wideband signals over single mode fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, no. 15, pp. 2594–2603, Aug.2008.
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

D. Morgan, Z. Ma, J. Kim, M. Zierdt, and J. Pastalan, “A generalized memory polynomial model for digital predistortion of RF power amplifiers,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process., vol. 54, no. 10, pp. 3852–3860, Oct.2006.
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

1999 (1)

E. Ackerman, “Broad-band linearization of a Mach–Zehnder electrooptic modulator,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 2271–2279, Dec.1999.
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

W. Burns, “Linearized optical modulator with fifth order correction,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 1724–1727, Aug.1995.
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

G. Betts, “Linearized modulator for suboctave-bandpass optical analog links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 2642–2649, Dec.1994.
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

J. Brooks, G. Maurer, and R. Becker, “Implementation and evaluation of a dual parallel linearization system for AM-SCM video transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 34–41, Jan.1993.
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

S. Korotky and R. Ridder, “Dual parallel modulation schemes for low-distortion analog optical transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 1377–1381, Sept.1990.
[CrossRef]

Ackerman, E.

E. Ackerman, “Broad-band linearization of a Mach–Zehnder electrooptic modulator,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 2271–2279, Dec.1999.
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G.

G. Agrawal, Lightwave Technology - Components and Devices. John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey, 2004, pp. 49–92.

Algani, C.

A. Billabert, F. Deshours, L. Moreno, C. Algani, and C. Rumelhard, “Modulator non linearity influence on UWB signal performance over RoF link,” in Proc. of the 6-th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conf., Manchester, UK, 2011, pp. 688–691.

Alves, T.

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Distribution of double-sideband OFDM-UWB radio signals in dispersion compensated long-reach PONs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 16, pp. 2467–2474, Aug.2011.
[CrossRef]

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Performance comparison of OFDM-UWB radio signals distribution in long-reach PONs using Mach–Zehnder and linearized modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 1311–1320, June2011.
[CrossRef]

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Semi-analytical approach for performance evaluation of direct-detection OFDM optical communication systems,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 21, pp. 18714–18729, Oct.2009.
[CrossRef]

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Performance degradation due to OFDM-UWB radio signal transmission along dispersive single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 158–160, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June2008.
[CrossRef]

Becker, R.

J. Brooks, G. Maurer, and R. Becker, “Implementation and evaluation of a dual parallel linearization system for AM-SCM video transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 34–41, Jan.1993.
[CrossRef]

Beltran, M.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June2008.
[CrossRef]

Betts, G.

G. Betts, “Linearized modulator for suboctave-bandpass optical analog links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 2642–2649, Dec.1994.
[CrossRef]

Billabert, A.

A. Billabert, F. Deshours, L. Moreno, C. Algani, and C. Rumelhard, “Modulator non linearity influence on UWB signal performance over RoF link,” in Proc. of the 6-th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conf., Manchester, UK, 2011, pp. 688–691.

Boyraz, O.

Brooks, J.

J. Brooks, G. Maurer, and R. Becker, “Implementation and evaluation of a dual parallel linearization system for AM-SCM video transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 34–41, Jan.1993.
[CrossRef]

Burns, W.

W. Burns, “Linearized optical modulator with fifth order correction,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 1724–1727, Aug.1995.
[CrossRef]

Cabon, B.

Cartaxo, A.

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Distribution of double-sideband OFDM-UWB radio signals in dispersion compensated long-reach PONs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 16, pp. 2467–2474, Aug.2011.
[CrossRef]

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Performance comparison of OFDM-UWB radio signals distribution in long-reach PONs using Mach–Zehnder and linearized modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 1311–1320, June2011.
[CrossRef]

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Semi-analytical approach for performance evaluation of direct-detection OFDM optical communication systems,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 21, pp. 18714–18729, Oct.2009.
[CrossRef]

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Performance degradation due to OFDM-UWB radio signal transmission along dispersive single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 158–160, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June2008.
[CrossRef]

Carvalho, N.

Choi, W.

Choi, Y.

Chou, J.

Cox, C.

C. Cox, Analog Optical Links: Theory and Practice. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2004, pp. 201–262.

Deshours, F.

A. Billabert, F. Deshours, L. Moreno, C. Algani, and C. Rumelhard, “Modulator non linearity influence on UWB signal performance over RoF link,” in Proc. of the 6-th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conf., Manchester, UK, 2011, pp. 688–691.

Ferreira, A.

A. Ferreira, T. Silveira, D. Fonseca, R. Ribeiro, and P. Monteiro, “Highly linear integrated optical transmitter for subcarrier multiplexed systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 438–440, Apr.2009.
[CrossRef]

Fonseca, D.

A. Ferreira, T. Silveira, D. Fonseca, R. Ribeiro, and P. Monteiro, “Highly linear integrated optical transmitter for subcarrier multiplexed systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 438–440, Apr.2009.
[CrossRef]

Guo, Y.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, and B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over single mode fiber,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Wideband, Singapore, 2007, pp. 674–677.

Hauden, J.

M. Morant, R. Llorente, J. Hauden, T. Quinlan, A. Mottet, and S. Walker, “Dual-drive LiNbO3 interferometric Mach–Zehnder architecture with extended linear regime for high peak-to-average OFDM-based communication system,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 26, pp. B450–B456, Nov.2011.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jalali, B.

Jang, J.

Jazayerifar, M.

Kim, J.

D. Morgan, Z. Ma, J. Kim, M. Zierdt, and J. Pastalan, “A generalized memory polynomial model for digital predistortion of RF power amplifiers,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process., vol. 54, no. 10, pp. 3852–3860, Oct.2006.
[CrossRef]

Korotky, S.

S. Korotky and R. Ridder, “Dual parallel modulation schemes for low-distortion analog optical transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 1377–1381, Sept.1990.
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

Llorente, R.

M. Morant, R. Llorente, J. Hauden, T. Quinlan, A. Mottet, and S. Walker, “Dual-drive LiNbO3 interferometric Mach–Zehnder architecture with extended linear regime for high peak-to-average OFDM-based communication system,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 26, pp. B450–B456, Nov.2011.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Performance comparison of OFDM-UWB radio signals distribution in long-reach PONs using Mach–Zehnder and linearized modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 1311–1320, June2011.
[CrossRef]

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June2008.
[CrossRef]

Luo, B.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, and B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over single mode fiber,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Wideband, Singapore, 2007, pp. 674–677.

Ma, Z.

D. Morgan, Z. Ma, J. Kim, M. Zierdt, and J. Pastalan, “A generalized memory polynomial model for digital predistortion of RF power amplifiers,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process., vol. 54, no. 10, pp. 3852–3860, Oct.2006.
[CrossRef]

Marti, J.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June2008.
[CrossRef]

Maurer, G.

J. Brooks, G. Maurer, and R. Becker, “Implementation and evaluation of a dual parallel linearization system for AM-SCM video transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 34–41, Jan.1993.
[CrossRef]

Monteiro, P.

A. Ferreira, T. Silveira, D. Fonseca, R. Ribeiro, and P. Monteiro, “Highly linear integrated optical transmitter for subcarrier multiplexed systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 438–440, Apr.2009.
[CrossRef]

Moon, Y.

Morant, M.

M. Morant, R. Llorente, J. Hauden, T. Quinlan, A. Mottet, and S. Walker, “Dual-drive LiNbO3 interferometric Mach–Zehnder architecture with extended linear regime for high peak-to-average OFDM-based communication system,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 26, pp. B450–B456, Nov.2011.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Performance comparison of OFDM-UWB radio signals distribution in long-reach PONs using Mach–Zehnder and linearized modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 1311–1320, June2011.
[CrossRef]

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June2008.
[CrossRef]

Moreno, L.

A. Billabert, F. Deshours, L. Moreno, C. Algani, and C. Rumelhard, “Modulator non linearity influence on UWB signal performance over RoF link,” in Proc. of the 6-th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conf., Manchester, UK, 2011, pp. 688–691.

Morgan, D.

D. Morgan, Z. Ma, J. Kim, M. Zierdt, and J. Pastalan, “A generalized memory polynomial model for digital predistortion of RF power amplifiers,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process., vol. 54, no. 10, pp. 3852–3860, Oct.2006.
[CrossRef]

Mottet, A.

M. Morant, R. Llorente, J. Hauden, T. Quinlan, A. Mottet, and S. Walker, “Dual-drive LiNbO3 interferometric Mach–Zehnder architecture with extended linear regime for high peak-to-average OFDM-based communication system,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 26, pp. B450–B456, Nov.2011.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ong, L.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, and B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over single mode fiber,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Wideband, Singapore, 2007, pp. 674–677.

Pastalan, J.

D. Morgan, Z. Ma, J. Kim, M. Zierdt, and J. Pastalan, “A generalized memory polynomial model for digital predistortion of RF power amplifiers,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process., vol. 54, no. 10, pp. 3852–3860, Oct.2006.
[CrossRef]

Perez, J.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June2008.
[CrossRef]

Pham, V.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, and B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over single mode fiber,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Wideband, Singapore, 2007, pp. 674–677.

Quinlan, T.

M. Morant, R. Llorente, J. Hauden, T. Quinlan, A. Mottet, and S. Walker, “Dual-drive LiNbO3 interferometric Mach–Zehnder architecture with extended linear regime for high peak-to-average OFDM-based communication system,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 26, pp. B450–B456, Nov.2011.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ribeiro, R.

A. Ferreira, T. Silveira, D. Fonseca, R. Ribeiro, and P. Monteiro, “Highly linear integrated optical transmitter for subcarrier multiplexed systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 438–440, Apr.2009.
[CrossRef]

Ridder, R.

S. Korotky and R. Ridder, “Dual parallel modulation schemes for low-distortion analog optical transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 1377–1381, Sept.1990.
[CrossRef]

Rumelhard, C.

A. Billabert, F. Deshours, L. Moreno, C. Algani, and C. Rumelhard, “Modulator non linearity influence on UWB signal performance over RoF link,” in Proc. of the 6-th European Microwave Integrated Circuits Conf., Manchester, UK, 2011, pp. 688–691.

Salehi, J.

Silveira, T.

A. Ferreira, T. Silveira, D. Fonseca, R. Ribeiro, and P. Monteiro, “Highly linear integrated optical transmitter for subcarrier multiplexed systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 438–440, Apr.2009.
[CrossRef]

Violas, M.

Walker, S.

M. Morant, R. Llorente, J. Hauden, T. Quinlan, A. Mottet, and S. Walker, “Dual-drive LiNbO3 interferometric Mach–Zehnder architecture with extended linear regime for high peak-to-average OFDM-based communication system,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 26, pp. B450–B456, Nov.2011.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yee, M.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, and B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over single mode fiber,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Ultra Wideband, Singapore, 2007, pp. 674–677.

Zierdt, M.

D. Morgan, Z. Ma, J. Kim, M. Zierdt, and J. Pastalan, “A generalized memory polynomial model for digital predistortion of RF power amplifiers,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process., vol. 54, no. 10, pp. 3852–3860, Oct.2006.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (2)

S. Korotky and R. Ridder, “Dual parallel modulation schemes for low-distortion analog optical transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 1377–1381, Sept.1990.
[CrossRef]

T. Alves, M. Morant, A. Cartaxo, and R. Llorente, “Performance comparison of OFDM-UWB radio signals distribution in long-reach PONs using Mach–Zehnder and linearized modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 1311–1320, June2011.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

A. Ferreira, T. Silveira, D. Fonseca, R. Ribeiro, and P. Monteiro, “Highly linear integrated optical transmitter for subcarrier multiplexed systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 438–440, Apr.2009.
[CrossRef]

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, and J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June2008.
[CrossRef]

T. Alves and A. Cartaxo, “Performance degradation due to OFDM-UWB radio signal transmission along dispersive single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 158–160, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (2)

G. Betts, “Linearized modulator for suboctave-bandpass optical analog links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 2642–2649, Dec.1994.
[CrossRef]

E. Ackerman, “Broad-band linearization of a Mach–Zehnder electrooptic modulator,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 2271–2279, Dec.1999.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Signal Process. (1)

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