Abstract

To realize high scaling of a 10-Gbps-class optical access system, we propose and demonstrate two different long-reach hybrid multiplexing passive optical network (PON) systems. First, we demonstrate good scalability in the ultimate transmission distance over 100 km single-mode fiber without dispersion compensation of a 10G wavelength division multiplexing (WDM)–time division multiplexing (TDM)–optical code division multiplexing (OCDM) PON system. Second, we also demonstrate a 100 km 10G/1G-TDM–OCDM-PON system for the purpose of the scalability of the current mixed GE-PON and 10G-EPON system.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. IEEE Std 802.3av [Online]. Available: http://www.ieee802.org/3/av/.
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    [CrossRef]
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  4. H. Song, B.-W. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Long-reach optical access networks: A survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 112–123, 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, and S. Rodrigues, “Next-generation PON-part I: Technology roadmap and general requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 43–49, Nov.2009.
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, “Hybrid DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 2827–2834, July2006.
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. D. Townsend, R. Davey, T. D. Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, and H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in 12th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Kista, Sweden, June 2007, pp. 493–500.
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    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Ossieur, C. Antony, A. M. Clarke, A. Naughton, H.-G. Krimmel, Y. Chang, C. Ford, A. Borghesani, D. G. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, and P. D. Townsend, “A 135-km 8192-split carrier distributed DWDM-TDMA PON with 2×32×10 Gb/s capacity,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 463–474, Feb.2012.
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. Wang and K. Kitayama, “Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 2226–2235, Oct.2004.
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Kitayama, X. Wang, and N. Wada, “OCDMA over WDM PON: Solution path to gigabit-symmetric FTTH,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 1654–1662, Apr.2006.
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Fathallah and L. A. Rusch, “Code-division multiplexing for in-service out-of-band monitoring of live FTTH-PONs,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 819–829, July2007.
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. Nakagawa, S. Yoshima, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, H. Ichibangase, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Scalable GE-PON over OCDMA without sacrifice of upstream bandwidth: Principle and its experimental demonstration of 2 × GE-PON systems over 2 × 63-chip code,” in 34th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2008, We.1.F.7.
  14. T. Osadola, S. K. Idris, I. Glesk, and W. C. Kwong, “Improving network scalability using OCDMA over OTDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012, OM3l.4.
  15. J. Nakagawa, M. Nogami, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, S. Yoshima, and H. Tagami, “10.3-Gb/s burst-mode 3R receiver incorporating full AGC optical receiver and 82.5 GS/s over-sampling CDR for 10 G-EPON systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 471–473, Apr.2010.
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, PDPD10.
  17. M. Noda, S. Yoshima, K. Ishii, S. Shirai, M. Nogami, and J. Nakagawa, “Dual-rate optical transceiver incorporating fully optimized burst-mode AGC/ATC functions for 10G-EPON systems,” in 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, Mo.2.B.2.
  18. T. Kodama, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Noise suppression using optimum filtering of OCs generated by a multiport encoder/decoder,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 10320–10329, Apr.2012.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, A. Sakamoto, Y. Terada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Field trial of duplex, 10 Gbps × 8-user DPSK-OCDMA system using a single 16 × 16 multi-port encoder/decoder and 16-level phase-shifted SSFBG encoder/decoders,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 299–305, Feb.2009.
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. Cincotti, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers. Part I: Modelling and design,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 103–112, Jan.2006.
    [CrossRef]
  21. N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Demonstration of 10 Gbps, 4-user, OCDMA transmission over 59 km single mode fiber without inline dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, OThW1.
  22. S. Yoshima, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “10 Gb/s-based PON over OCDMA uplink burst transmission using SSFBG encoder/multi-port decoder and burst-mode receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 365–371, Feb.2010.
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. Yoshima, Y. Tanaka, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Full-duplex 10G-TDM-OCDMA-PON system using only a pair of en/decoder,” in 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, Tu.3.B.6.

2012 (2)

2010 (3)

S. Yoshima, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “10 Gb/s-based PON over OCDMA uplink burst transmission using SSFBG encoder/multi-port decoder and burst-mode receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 365–371, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

H. Song, B.-W. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Long-reach optical access networks: A survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 112–123, 2010.
[CrossRef]

J. Nakagawa, M. Nogami, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, S. Yoshima, and H. Tagami, “10.3-Gb/s burst-mode 3R receiver incorporating full AGC optical receiver and 82.5 GS/s over-sampling CDR for 10 G-EPON systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 471–473, Apr.2010.
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2007 (3)

2006 (3)

2004 (1)

Antony, C.

Borghesani, A.

Bourgart, F.

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, and S. Rodrigues, “Next-generation PON-part I: Technology roadmap and general requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 43–49, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y.

Cheng, N.

Chow, C. W.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. D. Townsend, R. Davey, T. D. Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, and H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in 12th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Kista, Sweden, June 2007, pp. 493–500.

Cincotti, G.

Clarke, A. M.

Cui, A.

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, and S. Rodrigues, “Next-generation PON-part I: Technology roadmap and general requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 43–49, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

Davey, R.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. D. Townsend, R. Davey, T. D. Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, and H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in 12th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Kista, Sweden, June 2007, pp. 493–500.

Davey, R. P.

Fathallah, H.

Ford, C.

Glesk, I.

T. Osadola, S. K. Idris, I. Glesk, and W. C. Kwong, “Improving network scalability using OCDMA over OTDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012, OM3l.4.

Gutierrez, D.

Harmon, B.

Ichibangase, H.

N. Nakagawa, S. Yoshima, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, H. Ichibangase, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Scalable GE-PON over OCDMA without sacrifice of upstream bandwidth: Principle and its experimental demonstration of 2 × GE-PON systems over 2 × 63-chip code,” in 34th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2008, We.1.F.7.

Idris, S. K.

T. Osadola, S. K. Idris, I. Glesk, and W. C. Kwong, “Improving network scalability using OCDMA over OTDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012, OM3l.4.

Ishii, K.

M. Noda, S. Yoshima, K. Ishii, S. Shirai, M. Nogami, and J. Nakagawa, “Dual-rate optical transceiver incorporating fully optimized burst-mode AGC/ATC functions for 10G-EPON systems,” in 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, Mo.2.B.2.

Kani, J.

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, and S. Rodrigues, “Next-generation PON-part I: Technology roadmap and general requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 43–49, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

Kataoka, N.

S. Yoshima, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “10 Gb/s-based PON over OCDMA uplink burst transmission using SSFBG encoder/multi-port decoder and burst-mode receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 365–371, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, A. Sakamoto, Y. Terada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Field trial of duplex, 10 Gbps × 8-user DPSK-OCDMA system using a single 16 × 16 multi-port encoder/decoder and 16-level phase-shifted SSFBG encoder/decoders,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 299–305, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

S. Yoshima, Y. Tanaka, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Full-duplex 10G-TDM-OCDMA-PON system using only a pair of en/decoder,” in 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, Tu.3.B.6.

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Demonstration of 10 Gbps, 4-user, OCDMA transmission over 59 km single mode fiber without inline dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, OThW1.

Kazovsky, L. G.

Kim, B.-W.

H. Song, B.-W. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Long-reach optical access networks: A survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 112–123, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

T. Kodama, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Noise suppression using optimum filtering of OCs generated by a multiport encoder/decoder,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 10320–10329, Apr.2012.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yoshima, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “10 Gb/s-based PON over OCDMA uplink burst transmission using SSFBG encoder/multi-port decoder and burst-mode receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 365–371, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, A. Sakamoto, Y. Terada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Field trial of duplex, 10 Gbps × 8-user DPSK-OCDMA system using a single 16 × 16 multi-port encoder/decoder and 16-level phase-shifted SSFBG encoder/decoders,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 299–305, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, X. Wang, and N. Wada, “OCDMA over WDM PON: Solution path to gigabit-symmetric FTTH,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 1654–1662, Apr.2006.
[CrossRef]

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers. Part I: Modelling and design,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 103–112, Jan.2006.
[CrossRef]

X. Wang and K. Kitayama, “Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 2226–2235, Oct.2004.
[CrossRef]

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Demonstration of 10 Gbps, 4-user, OCDMA transmission over 59 km single mode fiber without inline dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, OThW1.

N. Nakagawa, S. Yoshima, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, H. Ichibangase, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Scalable GE-PON over OCDMA without sacrifice of upstream bandwidth: Principle and its experimental demonstration of 2 × GE-PON systems over 2 × 63-chip code,” in 34th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2008, We.1.F.7.

S. Yoshima, Y. Tanaka, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Full-duplex 10G-TDM-OCDMA-PON system using only a pair of en/decoder,” in 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, Tu.3.B.6.

Kodama, T.

Krimmel, H.-G.

P. Ossieur, C. Antony, A. M. Clarke, A. Naughton, H.-G. Krimmel, Y. Chang, C. Ford, A. Borghesani, D. G. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, and P. D. Townsend, “A 135-km 8192-split carrier distributed DWDM-TDMA PON with 2×32×10 Gb/s capacity,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 463–474, Feb.2012.
[CrossRef]

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. D. Townsend, R. Davey, T. D. Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, and H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in 12th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Kista, Sweden, June 2007, pp. 493–500.

Kwong, W. C.

T. Osadola, S. K. Idris, I. Glesk, and W. C. Kwong, “Improving network scalability using OCDMA over OTDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012, OM3l.4.

Lealman, I.

P. Ossieur, C. Antony, A. M. Clarke, A. Naughton, H.-G. Krimmel, Y. Chang, C. Ford, A. Borghesani, D. G. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, and P. D. Townsend, “A 135-km 8192-split carrier distributed DWDM-TDMA PON with 2×32×10 Gb/s capacity,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 463–474, Feb.2012.
[CrossRef]

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. D. Townsend, R. Davey, T. D. Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, and H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in 12th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Kista, Sweden, June 2007, pp. 493–500.

Maxwell, G.

Mitchell, J. E.

Miyazaki, T.

Moodie, D. G.

Mukherjee, B.

H. Song, B.-W. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Long-reach optical access networks: A survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 112–123, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, J.

S. Yoshima, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “10 Gb/s-based PON over OCDMA uplink burst transmission using SSFBG encoder/multi-port decoder and burst-mode receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 365–371, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

J. Nakagawa, M. Nogami, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, S. Yoshima, and H. Tagami, “10.3-Gb/s burst-mode 3R receiver incorporating full AGC optical receiver and 82.5 GS/s over-sampling CDR for 10 G-EPON systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 471–473, Apr.2010.
[CrossRef]

N. Nakagawa, S. Yoshima, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, H. Ichibangase, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Scalable GE-PON over OCDMA without sacrifice of upstream bandwidth: Principle and its experimental demonstration of 2 × GE-PON systems over 2 × 63-chip code,” in 34th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2008, We.1.F.7.

S. Yoshima, Y. Tanaka, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Full-duplex 10G-TDM-OCDMA-PON system using only a pair of en/decoder,” in 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, Tu.3.B.6.

M. Noda, S. Yoshima, K. Ishii, S. Shirai, M. Nogami, and J. Nakagawa, “Dual-rate optical transceiver incorporating fully optimized burst-mode AGC/ATC functions for 10G-EPON systems,” in 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, Mo.2.B.2.

J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, PDPD10.

Nakagawa, N.

S. Yoshima, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “10 Gb/s-based PON over OCDMA uplink burst transmission using SSFBG encoder/multi-port decoder and burst-mode receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 365–371, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

N. Nakagawa, S. Yoshima, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, H. Ichibangase, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Scalable GE-PON over OCDMA without sacrifice of upstream bandwidth: Principle and its experimental demonstration of 2 × GE-PON systems over 2 × 63-chip code,” in 34th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2008, We.1.F.7.

Nakura, K.

J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, PDPD10.

Naughton, A.

Nesset, D.

Noda, M.

J. Nakagawa, M. Nogami, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, S. Yoshima, and H. Tagami, “10.3-Gb/s burst-mode 3R receiver incorporating full AGC optical receiver and 82.5 GS/s over-sampling CDR for 10 G-EPON systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 471–473, Apr.2010.
[CrossRef]

S. Yoshima, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “10 Gb/s-based PON over OCDMA uplink burst transmission using SSFBG encoder/multi-port decoder and burst-mode receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 365–371, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

N. Nakagawa, S. Yoshima, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, H. Ichibangase, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Scalable GE-PON over OCDMA without sacrifice of upstream bandwidth: Principle and its experimental demonstration of 2 × GE-PON systems over 2 × 63-chip code,” in 34th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2008, We.1.F.7.

J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, PDPD10.

M. Noda, S. Yoshima, K. Ishii, S. Shirai, M. Nogami, and J. Nakagawa, “Dual-rate optical transceiver incorporating fully optimized burst-mode AGC/ATC functions for 10G-EPON systems,” in 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, Mo.2.B.2.

Nogami, M.

J. Nakagawa, M. Nogami, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, S. Yoshima, and H. Tagami, “10.3-Gb/s burst-mode 3R receiver incorporating full AGC optical receiver and 82.5 GS/s over-sampling CDR for 10 G-EPON systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 471–473, Apr.2010.
[CrossRef]

S. Yoshima, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “10 Gb/s-based PON over OCDMA uplink burst transmission using SSFBG encoder/multi-port decoder and burst-mode receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 365–371, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

N. Nakagawa, S. Yoshima, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, H. Ichibangase, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Scalable GE-PON over OCDMA without sacrifice of upstream bandwidth: Principle and its experimental demonstration of 2 × GE-PON systems over 2 × 63-chip code,” in 34th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2008, We.1.F.7.

M. Noda, S. Yoshima, K. Ishii, S. Shirai, M. Nogami, and J. Nakagawa, “Dual-rate optical transceiver incorporating fully optimized burst-mode AGC/ATC functions for 10G-EPON systems,” in 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, Mo.2.B.2.

J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, PDPD10.

Osadola, T.

T. Osadola, S. K. Idris, I. Glesk, and W. C. Kwong, “Improving network scalability using OCDMA over OTDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012, OM3l.4.

Ossieur, P.

P. Ossieur, C. Antony, A. M. Clarke, A. Naughton, H.-G. Krimmel, Y. Chang, C. Ford, A. Borghesani, D. G. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, and P. D. Townsend, “A 135-km 8192-split carrier distributed DWDM-TDMA PON with 2×32×10 Gb/s capacity,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 463–474, Feb.2012.
[CrossRef]

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. D. Townsend, R. Davey, T. D. Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, and H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in 12th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Kista, Sweden, June 2007, pp. 493–500.

Poustie, A.

P. Ossieur, C. Antony, A. M. Clarke, A. Naughton, H.-G. Krimmel, Y. Chang, C. Ford, A. Borghesani, D. G. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, and P. D. Townsend, “A 135-km 8192-split carrier distributed DWDM-TDMA PON with 2×32×10 Gb/s capacity,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 463–474, Feb.2012.
[CrossRef]

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. D. Townsend, R. Davey, T. D. Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, and H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in 12th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Kista, Sweden, June 2007, pp. 493–500.

Qiu, X.-Z.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. D. Townsend, R. Davey, T. D. Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, and H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in 12th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Kista, Sweden, June 2007, pp. 493–500.

Rafel, A.

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, and S. Rodrigues, “Next-generation PON-part I: Technology roadmap and general requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 43–49, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

Randel, S.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. D. Townsend, R. Davey, T. D. Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, and H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in 12th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Kista, Sweden, June 2007, pp. 493–500.

Ridder, T. D.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. D. Townsend, R. Davey, T. D. Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, and H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in 12th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Kista, Sweden, June 2007, pp. 493–500.

Rodrigues, S.

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, and S. Rodrigues, “Next-generation PON-part I: Technology roadmap and general requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 43–49, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

Rogers, D.

Rohde, H.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. D. Townsend, R. Davey, T. D. Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, and H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in 12th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Kista, Sweden, June 2007, pp. 493–500.

Rusch, L. A.

Sakamoto, A.

Shaw, W. T.

Shea, D. P.

Shirai, S.

M. Noda, S. Yoshima, K. Ishii, S. Shirai, M. Nogami, and J. Nakagawa, “Dual-rate optical transceiver incorporating fully optimized burst-mode AGC/ATC functions for 10G-EPON systems,” in 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, Mo.2.B.2.

Smith, D. W.

Smith, D.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. D. Townsend, R. Davey, T. D. Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, and H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in 12th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Kista, Sweden, June 2007, pp. 493–500.

Song, H.

H. Song, B.-W. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Long-reach optical access networks: A survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 112–123, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, N.

S. Yoshima, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “10 Gb/s-based PON over OCDMA uplink burst transmission using SSFBG encoder/multi-port decoder and burst-mode receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 365–371, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

J. Nakagawa, M. Nogami, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, S. Yoshima, and H. Tagami, “10.3-Gb/s burst-mode 3R receiver incorporating full AGC optical receiver and 82.5 GS/s over-sampling CDR for 10 G-EPON systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 471–473, Apr.2010.
[CrossRef]

N. Nakagawa, S. Yoshima, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, H. Ichibangase, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Scalable GE-PON over OCDMA without sacrifice of upstream bandwidth: Principle and its experimental demonstration of 2 × GE-PON systems over 2 × 63-chip code,” in 34th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2008, We.1.F.7.

J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, PDPD10.

Tagami, H.

J. Nakagawa, M. Nogami, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, S. Yoshima, and H. Tagami, “10.3-Gb/s burst-mode 3R receiver incorporating full AGC optical receiver and 82.5 GS/s over-sampling CDR for 10 G-EPON systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 471–473, Apr.2010.
[CrossRef]

Talli, G.

G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, “Hybrid DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 2827–2834, July2006.
[CrossRef]

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. D. Townsend, R. Davey, T. D. Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, and H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in 12th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Kista, Sweden, June 2007, pp. 493–500.

Tanaka, Y.

S. Yoshima, Y. Tanaka, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Full-duplex 10G-TDM-OCDMA-PON system using only a pair of en/decoder,” in 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, Tu.3.B.6.

Terada, Y.

Townsend, P. D.

Wada, N.

T. Kodama, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Noise suppression using optimum filtering of OCs generated by a multiport encoder/decoder,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 10320–10329, Apr.2012.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, A. Sakamoto, Y. Terada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Field trial of duplex, 10 Gbps × 8-user DPSK-OCDMA system using a single 16 × 16 multi-port encoder/decoder and 16-level phase-shifted SSFBG encoder/decoders,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 299–305, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, X. Wang, and N. Wada, “OCDMA over WDM PON: Solution path to gigabit-symmetric FTTH,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 1654–1662, Apr.2006.
[CrossRef]

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers. Part I: Modelling and design,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 103–112, Jan.2006.
[CrossRef]

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Demonstration of 10 Gbps, 4-user, OCDMA transmission over 59 km single mode fiber without inline dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, OThW1.

S. Yoshima, Y. Tanaka, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Full-duplex 10G-TDM-OCDMA-PON system using only a pair of en/decoder,” in 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, Tu.3.B.6.

Wang, X.

Wong, S. W.

Wyatt, R.

Yoshima, S.

J. Nakagawa, M. Nogami, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, S. Yoshima, and H. Tagami, “10.3-Gb/s burst-mode 3R receiver incorporating full AGC optical receiver and 82.5 GS/s over-sampling CDR for 10 G-EPON systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 471–473, Apr.2010.
[CrossRef]

S. Yoshima, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “10 Gb/s-based PON over OCDMA uplink burst transmission using SSFBG encoder/multi-port decoder and burst-mode receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 365–371, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

S. Yoshima, Y. Tanaka, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Full-duplex 10G-TDM-OCDMA-PON system using only a pair of en/decoder,” in 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, Tu.3.B.6.

N. Nakagawa, S. Yoshima, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, H. Ichibangase, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Scalable GE-PON over OCDMA without sacrifice of upstream bandwidth: Principle and its experimental demonstration of 2 × GE-PON systems over 2 × 63-chip code,” in 34th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2008, We.1.F.7.

M. Noda, S. Yoshima, K. Ishii, S. Shirai, M. Nogami, and J. Nakagawa, “Dual-rate optical transceiver incorporating fully optimized burst-mode AGC/ATC functions for 10G-EPON systems,” in 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, Mo.2.B.2.

J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, PDPD10.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, and S. Rodrigues, “Next-generation PON-part I: Technology roadmap and general requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 43–49, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials (1)

H. Song, B.-W. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Long-reach optical access networks: A survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 112–123, 2010.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Nakagawa, M. Nogami, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, S. Yoshima, and H. Tagami, “10.3-Gb/s burst-mode 3R receiver incorporating full AGC optical receiver and 82.5 GS/s over-sampling CDR for 10 G-EPON systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 471–473, Apr.2010.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (9)

X. Wang and K. Kitayama, “Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 2226–2235, Oct.2004.
[CrossRef]

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers. Part I: Modelling and design,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 103–112, Jan.2006.
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, X. Wang, and N. Wada, “OCDMA over WDM PON: Solution path to gigabit-symmetric FTTH,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 1654–1662, Apr.2006.
[CrossRef]

D. P. Shea and J. E. Mitchell, “A 10 Gb/s 1024-way split 100-km long reach optical access network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 685–693, Mar.2007.
[CrossRef]

L. G. Kazovsky, W. T. Shaw, D. Gutierrez, N. Cheng, and S. W. Wong, “Next-generation optical access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3428–3442, Nov.2007.
[CrossRef]

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, A. Sakamoto, Y. Terada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Field trial of duplex, 10 Gbps × 8-user DPSK-OCDMA system using a single 16 × 16 multi-port encoder/decoder and 16-level phase-shifted SSFBG encoder/decoders,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 299–305, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

G. Talli and P. D. Townsend, “Hybrid DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 2827–2834, July2006.
[CrossRef]

S. Yoshima, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “10 Gb/s-based PON over OCDMA uplink burst transmission using SSFBG encoder/multi-port decoder and burst-mode receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 365–371, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

P. Ossieur, C. Antony, A. M. Clarke, A. Naughton, H.-G. Krimmel, Y. Chang, C. Ford, A. Borghesani, D. G. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, and P. D. Townsend, “A 135-km 8192-split carrier distributed DWDM-TDMA PON with 2×32×10 Gb/s capacity,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 463–474, Feb.2012.
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (9)

J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, PDPD10.

M. Noda, S. Yoshima, K. Ishii, S. Shirai, M. Nogami, and J. Nakagawa, “Dual-rate optical transceiver incorporating fully optimized burst-mode AGC/ATC functions for 10G-EPON systems,” in 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, Mo.2.B.2.

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Demonstration of 10 Gbps, 4-user, OCDMA transmission over 59 km single mode fiber without inline dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, OThW1.

S. Yoshima, Y. Tanaka, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Full-duplex 10G-TDM-OCDMA-PON system using only a pair of en/decoder,” in 36th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, Tu.3.B.6.

IEEE Std 802.3av [Online]. Available: http://www.ieee802.org/3/av/.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. D. Townsend, R. Davey, T. D. Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, and H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in 12th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Kista, Sweden, June 2007, pp. 493–500.

N. Nakagawa, S. Yoshima, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, H. Ichibangase, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Scalable GE-PON over OCDMA without sacrifice of upstream bandwidth: Principle and its experimental demonstration of 2 × GE-PON systems over 2 × 63-chip code,” in 34th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2008, We.1.F.7.

T. Osadola, S. K. Idris, I. Glesk, and W. C. Kwong, “Improving network scalability using OCDMA over OTDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012, OM3l.4.

ITU-T G.987.4, “10-gigabit-capable passive optical networks (XG-PON): Reach extension,” July2012.

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Positioning of this research.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) (a) Hybrid E/D system. (b) Paired E/D system.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Number of ONUs versus available spectral range.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulation model of OC transmission.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Normalized intensities of autocorrelation waveform up to 150 km.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) ISI effect of autocorrelation train: (a) 0 km, (b) 50 km, (c) 100 km, (d) 150 km.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) Margin against transmission distance.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(Color online) Architecture of the 10G-WDM–TDM–OCDM-PON system.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) Assignment of the OC spectrum for each ONU: (a) 1 OC case, (b) n OCs case.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(Color online) Experimental setup of the 10G-WDM–TDM–OCDM-PON system.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(Color online) Uplink BER results of 2 wavelengths × 10G packet × 4 OC data.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

(Color online) Architecture of the 10 Gbps/1 Gbps-co-existing TDM–OCDM-PON system.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

(Color online) Experimental setup of the 10 Gbps/1 Gbps-co-existing TDM–OCDM-PON system.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

(Color online) Architecture of the 10 Gbps/1 Gbps-co-existing TDM–OCDM-PON system.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table I Comparison and Summary of Different PON Systems

Tables Icon

Table II Parameters Used in Numerical Simulation

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

G ( ω ) = S ( ω ) H 1 ( ω ) H 2 ( ω ) H 3 ( ω ) H 4 ( ω ) ,
H 3 ( ω ) = exp ( j 2 β 2 ω 2 z ) ,
H 2 ( ω ) = H 4 ( ω ) = l = 0 N 1 exp [ j π ( 2 l N + 1 ) ( i + k + 1 N + ω Δ τ 2 π ) ] = exp [ j ω ( N 1 ) Δ τ 2 ] sin [ π ( i + k + 1 + ω N Δ τ 2 π ) ] sin [ π ( i + k + 1 N + ω Δ τ 2 π ) ] ,
Margin [ dB ] = 10 log 10 P L 1 min P L 0 max .