Abstract

This paper focuses on the concept of dynamic virtual optical networks (VONs) as a key enabling technology to support the requirements of the future Internet. To address the unpredictable nature of services and their characteristics, dynamic and on-demand planning and replanning of VONs is required. This paper proposes the use of novel modeling approaches to specifically consider the uncertain nature of traffic requests. In addition, it studies mechanisms to evaluate and minimize the impact of this uncertainty on the availability and efficiency of the virtual resources, considering at the same time requirements such as service resilience and security. The effect of periodic VON replanning is investigated and the relevant trade-offs are identified. Our modeling results show that taking into consideration the dynamic and uncertain nature of services provides significant benefits regarding the ability of the infrastructure to support these services and the associated resource efficiency.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. “The zettabyte era,” Cisco White Paper, May 2012 [Online]. Available: http://www.cisco.com/ .
  2. A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.
  3. A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, and D. Simeonidou, “Energy aware planning of multiple VIs over converged optical network and IT physical resources,” in Proc. European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2011.
  4. M. Jinno and Y. Tsukishima, “Virtualized optical network (VON) for agile cloud computing environment,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2009.
  5. R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, P. Shuping, and D. Simeonidou, “Optical network virtualization,” in Proc. of 15th Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2011.
  6. A. Wang, M. Iyer, R. Dutta, G. N. Rouskas, and I. Baldine, “Network virtualization: Technologies, perspectives, and frontiers,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 4, pp. 523–537, Feb. 2013.
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Tzanakaki, M. P. Anastasopoulos, and K. Georgakilas, “Dynamic adaptive virtual optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.3.
  8. P. Kall and J. Mayer, Stochastic Linear Programming: Models, Theory, and Computation. Kluwer Academic, 2005.
  9. N. Chowdhury and R. Boutaba, “Network virtualization: State of the art and research challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 7, pp. 20–26, July 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, May 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Peng, R. Nejabati, and D. Simeonidou, “Impairment-aware optical network virtualization in single-line-rate and mixed-line-rate WDM networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 4, pp. 283–293, 2013.
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. F. Habib, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Fault-tolerant virtual network mapping to provide content connectivity in optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.4.
  13. A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.
  14. A. Basta, B. Barla, M. Hoffmann, G. Carle, and D. Schupke, “Failure coverage in optimal virtual networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.2.
  15. D. Schupke, “Multi-layer and multi-domain resilience in optical networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1140–1148, May 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Pagès, J. A. García-Espín, J. Perelló, J. Ferrer Riera, S. Spadaro, and S. Figuerola, “Optimal allocation of virtual optical networks for the future Internet,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2012.
  17. M. De Leenheer, J. Buysse, C. Develder, and B. Mukherjee, “Isolation and resource efficiency of virtual optical networks,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC), 2012, pp. 840–844.
  18. M. P. Anastasopoulos, A. Tzanakaki, and K. Georgakilas, “Stochastic virtual infrastructure planning in elastic cloud deploying optical networking,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2012, paper OW1A.3.
  19. S. Chaisiri, R. Kaewpuang, B.-S. Lee, and D. Niyato, “Cost minimization for provisioning virtual servers in Amazon elastic compute cloud,” in IEEE 19th Int. Symp. on Modeling, Analysis & Simulation of Computer and Telecommunications Systems (MASCOTS), 2011, pp. 85–95.
  20. S. Chaisiri, B.-S. Lee, and D. Niyato, “Optimization of resource provisioning cost in cloud computing,” IEEE Trans. Serv. Comput., vol.  5, no. 2, pp. 164–177, 2012.
  21. A. J. Kleywegt, A. Shapiro, and T. Homem-de-Mello, “The sample average approximation method for stochastic discrete optimization,” SIAM J. Optim., vol.  12, no. 2, pp. 479–502, Feb. 2002.
    [CrossRef]
  22. G. Sun, H. Yu, L. Li, V. Anand, Y. Cai, and H. Di, “Exploring online virtual networks mapping with stochastic bandwidth demand in multi-datacenter,” Photonic Network Commun., vol.  23, no. 2, pp. 109–122, 2012.
  23. N. A. Skorin-Kapov, J. B. Chen, and L. B. Wosinska, “A new approach to optical networks security: Attack-aware routing and wavelength assignment,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol.  18, no. 3, pp. 750–760, 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. Wellons, L. Dai, Y. Xue, and Y. Cui, “Augmenting predictive with oblivious routing for wireless mesh networks under traffic uncertainty,” Comput. Netw., vol.  54, no. 2, pp. 178–195, Feb. 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  25. J. Wellons, L. Dai, B. Chang, A. Bin, and Y. Xue, “Wireless mesh network routing under uncertain demands,” in Guide to Wireless Mesh Networks. Springer, 2009, pp. 171–198.
  26. E. Kubilinskas, P. Nilsson, and M. Pioro, “Design models for robust multi-layer next generation Internet core networks carrying elastic traffic,” in Proc. of 4th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN), 2003, pp. 61–68.
  27. J. Trdlicka and Z. Hanzalek, “In-network distributed algorithm for energy optimal routing based on dual decomposition of linear programming,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  60, no. 6, pp. 1634–1645, June 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  28. M. Furdek, N. Skorin-Kapov, and M. Grbac, “Attack-aware wavelength assignment for localization of in-band crosstalk attack propagation,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  2, no. 11, pp. 1000–1009, Nov. 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  29. P. Schütz, A. Tomasgard, and S. Ahmed, “Supply chain design under uncertainty using sample average approximation and dual decomposition,” Eur. J. Oper. Res., vol.  199, no. 2, pp. 409–419, Dec. 2009.

2013 (2)

2012 (5)

D. Schupke, “Multi-layer and multi-domain resilience in optical networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1140–1148, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

S. Chaisiri, B.-S. Lee, and D. Niyato, “Optimization of resource provisioning cost in cloud computing,” IEEE Trans. Serv. Comput., vol.  5, no. 2, pp. 164–177, 2012.

G. Sun, H. Yu, L. Li, V. Anand, Y. Cai, and H. Di, “Exploring online virtual networks mapping with stochastic bandwidth demand in multi-datacenter,” Photonic Network Commun., vol.  23, no. 2, pp. 109–122, 2012.

J. Trdlicka and Z. Hanzalek, “In-network distributed algorithm for energy optimal routing based on dual decomposition of linear programming,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  60, no. 6, pp. 1634–1645, June 2012.
[CrossRef]

C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

N. A. Skorin-Kapov, J. B. Chen, and L. B. Wosinska, “A new approach to optical networks security: Attack-aware routing and wavelength assignment,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol.  18, no. 3, pp. 750–760, 2010.
[CrossRef]

J. Wellons, L. Dai, Y. Xue, and Y. Cui, “Augmenting predictive with oblivious routing for wireless mesh networks under traffic uncertainty,” Comput. Netw., vol.  54, no. 2, pp. 178–195, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

M. Furdek, N. Skorin-Kapov, and M. Grbac, “Attack-aware wavelength assignment for localization of in-band crosstalk attack propagation,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  2, no. 11, pp. 1000–1009, Nov. 2010.
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

P. Schütz, A. Tomasgard, and S. Ahmed, “Supply chain design under uncertainty using sample average approximation and dual decomposition,” Eur. J. Oper. Res., vol.  199, no. 2, pp. 409–419, Dec. 2009.

N. Chowdhury and R. Boutaba, “Network virtualization: State of the art and research challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 7, pp. 20–26, July 2009.
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. J. Kleywegt, A. Shapiro, and T. Homem-de-Mello, “The sample average approximation method for stochastic discrete optimization,” SIAM J. Optim., vol.  12, no. 2, pp. 479–502, Feb. 2002.
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, S.

P. Schütz, A. Tomasgard, and S. Ahmed, “Supply chain design under uncertainty using sample average approximation and dual decomposition,” Eur. J. Oper. Res., vol.  199, no. 2, pp. 409–419, Dec. 2009.

Anand, V.

G. Sun, H. Yu, L. Li, V. Anand, Y. Cai, and H. Di, “Exploring online virtual networks mapping with stochastic bandwidth demand in multi-datacenter,” Photonic Network Commun., vol.  23, no. 2, pp. 109–122, 2012.

Anastasopoulos, M.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, and D. Simeonidou, “Energy aware planning of multiple VIs over converged optical network and IT physical resources,” in Proc. European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

Anastasopoulos, M. P.

A. Tzanakaki, M. P. Anastasopoulos, and K. Georgakilas, “Dynamic adaptive virtual optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.3.

M. P. Anastasopoulos, A. Tzanakaki, and K. Georgakilas, “Stochastic virtual infrastructure planning in elastic cloud deploying optical networking,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2012, paper OW1A.3.

Antoniak-Lewandowska, M.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Baldine, I.

Barla, B.

A. Basta, B. Barla, M. Hoffmann, G. Carle, and D. Schupke, “Failure coverage in optimal virtual networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.2.

Basta, A.

A. Basta, B. Barla, M. Hoffmann, G. Carle, and D. Schupke, “Failure coverage in optimal virtual networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.2.

Belter, B.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Bin, A.

J. Wellons, L. Dai, B. Chang, A. Bin, and Y. Xue, “Wireless mesh network routing under uncertain demands,” in Guide to Wireless Mesh Networks. Springer, 2009, pp. 171–198.

Binczewski, A.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Boutaba, R.

N. Chowdhury and R. Boutaba, “Network virtualization: State of the art and research challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 7, pp. 20–26, July 2009.
[CrossRef]

Brogle, M.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

Buysse, J.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

M. De Leenheer, J. Buysse, C. Develder, and B. Mukherjee, “Isolation and resource efficiency of virtual optical networks,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC), 2012, pp. 840–844.

Cai, Y.

G. Sun, H. Yu, L. Li, V. Anand, Y. Cai, and H. Di, “Exploring online virtual networks mapping with stochastic bandwidth demand in multi-datacenter,” Photonic Network Commun., vol.  23, no. 2, pp. 109–122, 2012.

Carle, G.

A. Basta, B. Barla, M. Hoffmann, G. Carle, and D. Schupke, “Failure coverage in optimal virtual networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.2.

Chaisiri, S.

S. Chaisiri, B.-S. Lee, and D. Niyato, “Optimization of resource provisioning cost in cloud computing,” IEEE Trans. Serv. Comput., vol.  5, no. 2, pp. 164–177, 2012.

S. Chaisiri, R. Kaewpuang, B.-S. Lee, and D. Niyato, “Cost minimization for provisioning virtual servers in Amazon elastic compute cloud,” in IEEE 19th Int. Symp. on Modeling, Analysis & Simulation of Computer and Telecommunications Systems (MASCOTS), 2011, pp. 85–95.

Chang, B.

J. Wellons, L. Dai, B. Chang, A. Bin, and Y. Xue, “Wireless mesh network routing under uncertain demands,” in Guide to Wireless Mesh Networks. Springer, 2009, pp. 171–198.

Chen, J. B.

N. A. Skorin-Kapov, J. B. Chen, and L. B. Wosinska, “A new approach to optical networks security: Attack-aware routing and wavelength assignment,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol.  18, no. 3, pp. 750–760, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, N.

N. Chowdhury and R. Boutaba, “Network virtualization: State of the art and research challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 7, pp. 20–26, July 2009.
[CrossRef]

Ciulli, N.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

Colle, D.

C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

J. Wellons, L. Dai, Y. Xue, and Y. Cui, “Augmenting predictive with oblivious routing for wireless mesh networks under traffic uncertainty,” Comput. Netw., vol.  54, no. 2, pp. 178–195, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Dai, L.

J. Wellons, L. Dai, Y. Xue, and Y. Cui, “Augmenting predictive with oblivious routing for wireless mesh networks under traffic uncertainty,” Comput. Netw., vol.  54, no. 2, pp. 178–195, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

J. Wellons, L. Dai, B. Chang, A. Bin, and Y. Xue, “Wireless mesh network routing under uncertain demands,” in Guide to Wireless Mesh Networks. Springer, 2009, pp. 171–198.

de Laat, C.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

De Leenheer, M.

C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. De Leenheer, J. Buysse, C. Develder, and B. Mukherjee, “Isolation and resource efficiency of virtual optical networks,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC), 2012, pp. 840–844.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

De Turck, F.

C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Demeester, P.

C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Develder, C.

C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. De Leenheer, J. Buysse, C. Develder, and B. Mukherjee, “Isolation and resource efficiency of virtual optical networks,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC), 2012, pp. 840–844.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

Dhoedt, B.

C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Di, H.

G. Sun, H. Yu, L. Li, V. Anand, Y. Cai, and H. Di, “Exploring online virtual networks mapping with stochastic bandwidth demand in multi-datacenter,” Photonic Network Commun., vol.  23, no. 2, pp. 109–122, 2012.

Donadio, P.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

Donaldio, P.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Dutta, R.

Escalona, E.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, P. Shuping, and D. Simeonidou, “Optical network virtualization,” in Proc. of 15th Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2011.

Ferrer Riera, J.

A. Pagès, J. A. García-Espín, J. Perelló, J. Ferrer Riera, S. Spadaro, and S. Figuerola, “Optimal allocation of virtual optical networks for the future Internet,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2012.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Figuerola, S.

A. Pagès, J. A. García-Espín, J. Perelló, J. Ferrer Riera, S. Spadaro, and S. Figuerola, “Optimal allocation of virtual optical networks for the future Internet,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2012.

Furdek, M.

Garcia-Espin, J. A.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

García-Espín, J. A.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

A. Pagès, J. A. García-Espín, J. Perelló, J. Ferrer Riera, S. Spadaro, and S. Figuerola, “Optimal allocation of virtual optical networks for the future Internet,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2012.

Georgakilas, K.

M. P. Anastasopoulos, A. Tzanakaki, and K. Georgakilas, “Stochastic virtual infrastructure planning in elastic cloud deploying optical networking,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2012, paper OW1A.3.

A. Tzanakaki, M. P. Anastasopoulos, and K. Georgakilas, “Dynamic adaptive virtual optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.3.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, and D. Simeonidou, “Energy aware planning of multiple VIs over converged optical network and IT physical resources,” in Proc. European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

Ghijsen, M.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Grbac, M.

Habib, M. F.

M. F. Habib, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Fault-tolerant virtual network mapping to provide content connectivity in optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.4.

Hanzalek, Z.

J. Trdlicka and Z. Hanzalek, “In-network distributed algorithm for energy optimal routing based on dual decomposition of linear programming,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  60, no. 6, pp. 1634–1645, June 2012.
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, M.

A. Basta, B. Barla, M. Hoffmann, G. Carle, and D. Schupke, “Failure coverage in optimal virtual networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.2.

Homem-de-Mello, T.

A. J. Kleywegt, A. Shapiro, and T. Homem-de-Mello, “The sample average approximation method for stochastic discrete optimization,” SIAM J. Optim., vol.  12, no. 2, pp. 479–502, Feb. 2002.
[CrossRef]

Iyer, M.

Jimenez, J.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

Jiménez, J.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Jinno, M.

M. Jinno and Y. Tsukishima, “Virtualized optical network (VON) for agile cloud computing environment,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2009.

Kaewpuang, R.

S. Chaisiri, R. Kaewpuang, B.-S. Lee, and D. Niyato, “Cost minimization for provisioning virtual servers in Amazon elastic compute cloud,” in IEEE 19th Int. Symp. on Modeling, Analysis & Simulation of Computer and Telecommunications Systems (MASCOTS), 2011, pp. 85–95.

Kall, P.

P. Kall and J. Mayer, Stochastic Linear Programming: Models, Theory, and Computation. Kluwer Academic, 2005.

Kleywegt, A. J.

A. J. Kleywegt, A. Shapiro, and T. Homem-de-Mello, “The sample average approximation method for stochastic discrete optimization,” SIAM J. Optim., vol.  12, no. 2, pp. 479–502, Feb. 2002.
[CrossRef]

Kubilinskas, E.

E. Kubilinskas, P. Nilsson, and M. Pioro, “Design models for robust multi-layer next generation Internet core networks carrying elastic traffic,” in Proc. of 4th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN), 2003, pp. 61–68.

Landi, G.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Lee, B.-S.

S. Chaisiri, B.-S. Lee, and D. Niyato, “Optimization of resource provisioning cost in cloud computing,” IEEE Trans. Serv. Comput., vol.  5, no. 2, pp. 164–177, 2012.

S. Chaisiri, R. Kaewpuang, B.-S. Lee, and D. Niyato, “Cost minimization for provisioning virtual servers in Amazon elastic compute cloud,” in IEEE 19th Int. Symp. on Modeling, Analysis & Simulation of Computer and Telecommunications Systems (MASCOTS), 2011, pp. 85–95.

Li, L.

G. Sun, H. Yu, L. Li, V. Anand, Y. Cai, and H. Di, “Exploring online virtual networks mapping with stochastic bandwidth demand in multi-datacenter,” Photonic Network Commun., vol.  23, no. 2, pp. 109–122, 2012.

Lopez, E.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

López, E.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Manfredi, A.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

Mayer, J.

P. Kall and J. Mayer, Stochastic Linear Programming: Models, Theory, and Computation. Kluwer Academic, 2005.

Mukherjee, B.

M. F. Habib, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Fault-tolerant virtual network mapping to provide content connectivity in optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.4.

M. De Leenheer, J. Buysse, C. Develder, and B. Mukherjee, “Isolation and resource efficiency of virtual optical networks,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC), 2012, pp. 840–844.

Nejabati, R.

S. Peng, R. Nejabati, and D. Simeonidou, “Impairment-aware optical network virtualization in single-line-rate and mixed-line-rate WDM networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 4, pp. 283–293, 2013.
[CrossRef]

R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, P. Shuping, and D. Simeonidou, “Optical network virtualization,” in Proc. of 15th Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Nilsson, P.

E. Kubilinskas, P. Nilsson, and M. Pioro, “Design models for robust multi-layer next generation Internet core networks carrying elastic traffic,” in Proc. of 4th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN), 2003, pp. 61–68.

Niyato, D.

S. Chaisiri, B.-S. Lee, and D. Niyato, “Optimization of resource provisioning cost in cloud computing,” IEEE Trans. Serv. Comput., vol.  5, no. 2, pp. 164–177, 2012.

S. Chaisiri, R. Kaewpuang, B.-S. Lee, and D. Niyato, “Cost minimization for provisioning virtual servers in Amazon elastic compute cloud,” in IEEE 19th Int. Symp. on Modeling, Analysis & Simulation of Computer and Telecommunications Systems (MASCOTS), 2011, pp. 85–95.

Pagès, A.

A. Pagès, J. A. García-Espín, J. Perelló, J. Ferrer Riera, S. Spadaro, and S. Figuerola, “Optimal allocation of virtual optical networks for the future Internet,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2012.

Parladori, G.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

Peng, S.

S. Peng, R. Nejabati, and D. Simeonidou, “Impairment-aware optical network virtualization in single-line-rate and mixed-line-rate WDM networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 4, pp. 283–293, 2013.
[CrossRef]

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

Perelló, J.

A. Pagès, J. A. García-Espín, J. Perelló, J. Ferrer Riera, S. Spadaro, and S. Figuerola, “Optimal allocation of virtual optical networks for the future Internet,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2012.

Pickavet, M.

C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

Pioro, M.

E. Kubilinskas, P. Nilsson, and M. Pioro, “Design models for robust multi-layer next generation Internet core networks carrying elastic traffic,” in Proc. of 4th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN), 2003, pp. 61–68.

Riera, J.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

Rouskas, G. N.

Schupke, D.

D. Schupke, “Multi-layer and multi-domain resilience in optical networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1140–1148, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

A. Basta, B. Barla, M. Hoffmann, G. Carle, and D. Schupke, “Failure coverage in optimal virtual networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.2.

Schütz, P.

P. Schütz, A. Tomasgard, and S. Ahmed, “Supply chain design under uncertainty using sample average approximation and dual decomposition,” Eur. J. Oper. Res., vol.  199, no. 2, pp. 409–419, Dec. 2009.

Shapiro, A.

A. J. Kleywegt, A. Shapiro, and T. Homem-de-Mello, “The sample average approximation method for stochastic discrete optimization,” SIAM J. Optim., vol.  12, no. 2, pp. 479–502, Feb. 2002.
[CrossRef]

Shuping, P.

R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, P. Shuping, and D. Simeonidou, “Optical network virtualization,” in Proc. of 15th Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2011.

Simeonidou, D.

S. Peng, R. Nejabati, and D. Simeonidou, “Impairment-aware optical network virtualization in single-line-rate and mixed-line-rate WDM networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 4, pp. 283–293, 2013.
[CrossRef]

R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, P. Shuping, and D. Simeonidou, “Optical network virtualization,” in Proc. of 15th Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, and D. Simeonidou, “Energy aware planning of multiple VIs over converged optical network and IT physical resources,” in Proc. European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

Skorin-Kapov, N.

Skorin-Kapov, N. A.

N. A. Skorin-Kapov, J. B. Chen, and L. B. Wosinska, “A new approach to optical networks security: Attack-aware routing and wavelength assignment,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol.  18, no. 3, pp. 750–760, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Spadaro, S.

A. Pagès, J. A. García-Espín, J. Perelló, J. Ferrer Riera, S. Spadaro, and S. Figuerola, “Optimal allocation of virtual optical networks for the future Internet,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2012.

Sun, G.

G. Sun, H. Yu, L. Li, V. Anand, Y. Cai, and H. Di, “Exploring online virtual networks mapping with stochastic bandwidth demand in multi-datacenter,” Photonic Network Commun., vol.  23, no. 2, pp. 109–122, 2012.

Tomasgard, A.

P. Schütz, A. Tomasgard, and S. Ahmed, “Supply chain design under uncertainty using sample average approximation and dual decomposition,” Eur. J. Oper. Res., vol.  199, no. 2, pp. 409–419, Dec. 2009.

Tornatore, M.

M. F. Habib, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Fault-tolerant virtual network mapping to provide content connectivity in optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.4.

Tovar De Duenyas, A.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Trdlicka, J.

J. Trdlicka and Z. Hanzalek, “In-network distributed algorithm for energy optimal routing based on dual decomposition of linear programming,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  60, no. 6, pp. 1634–1645, June 2012.
[CrossRef]

Tsukishima, Y.

M. Jinno and Y. Tsukishima, “Virtualized optical network (VON) for agile cloud computing environment,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2009.

Tzanakaki, A.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, and D. Simeonidou, “Energy aware planning of multiple VIs over converged optical network and IT physical resources,” in Proc. European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. P. Anastasopoulos, and K. Georgakilas, “Dynamic adaptive virtual optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.3.

M. P. Anastasopoulos, A. Tzanakaki, and K. Georgakilas, “Stochastic virtual infrastructure planning in elastic cloud deploying optical networking,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2012, paper OW1A.3.

van der Ham, J.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Vicat-Blanc, P.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

Wang, A.

Wellons, J.

J. Wellons, L. Dai, Y. Xue, and Y. Cui, “Augmenting predictive with oblivious routing for wireless mesh networks under traffic uncertainty,” Comput. Netw., vol.  54, no. 2, pp. 178–195, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

J. Wellons, L. Dai, B. Chang, A. Bin, and Y. Xue, “Wireless mesh network routing under uncertain demands,” in Guide to Wireless Mesh Networks. Springer, 2009, pp. 171–198.

Wosinska, L. B.

N. A. Skorin-Kapov, J. B. Chen, and L. B. Wosinska, “A new approach to optical networks security: Attack-aware routing and wavelength assignment,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol.  18, no. 3, pp. 750–760, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Xue, Y.

J. Wellons, L. Dai, Y. Xue, and Y. Cui, “Augmenting predictive with oblivious routing for wireless mesh networks under traffic uncertainty,” Comput. Netw., vol.  54, no. 2, pp. 178–195, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

J. Wellons, L. Dai, B. Chang, A. Bin, and Y. Xue, “Wireless mesh network routing under uncertain demands,” in Guide to Wireless Mesh Networks. Springer, 2009, pp. 171–198.

Yu, H.

G. Sun, H. Yu, L. Li, V. Anand, Y. Cai, and H. Di, “Exploring online virtual networks mapping with stochastic bandwidth demand in multi-datacenter,” Photonic Network Commun., vol.  23, no. 2, pp. 109–122, 2012.

Comput. Netw. (1)

J. Wellons, L. Dai, Y. Xue, and Y. Cui, “Augmenting predictive with oblivious routing for wireless mesh networks under traffic uncertainty,” Comput. Netw., vol.  54, no. 2, pp. 178–195, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Eur. J. Oper. Res. (1)

P. Schütz, A. Tomasgard, and S. Ahmed, “Supply chain design under uncertainty using sample average approximation and dual decomposition,” Eur. J. Oper. Res., vol.  199, no. 2, pp. 409–419, Dec. 2009.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

N. Chowdhury and R. Boutaba, “Network virtualization: State of the art and research challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 7, pp. 20–26, July 2009.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

J. Trdlicka and Z. Hanzalek, “In-network distributed algorithm for energy optimal routing based on dual decomposition of linear programming,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  60, no. 6, pp. 1634–1645, June 2012.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Serv. Comput. (1)

S. Chaisiri, B.-S. Lee, and D. Niyato, “Optimization of resource provisioning cost in cloud computing,” IEEE Trans. Serv. Comput., vol.  5, no. 2, pp. 164–177, 2012.

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

N. A. Skorin-Kapov, J. B. Chen, and L. B. Wosinska, “A new approach to optical networks security: Attack-aware routing and wavelength assignment,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol.  18, no. 3, pp. 750–760, 2010.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (2)

Photonic Network Commun. (1)

G. Sun, H. Yu, L. Li, V. Anand, Y. Cai, and H. Di, “Exploring online virtual networks mapping with stochastic bandwidth demand in multi-datacenter,” Photonic Network Commun., vol.  23, no. 2, pp. 109–122, 2012.

Proc. IEEE (2)

C. Develder, M. De Leenheer, B. Dhoedt, M. Pickavet, D. Colle, F. De Turck, and P. Demeester, “Optical networks for grid and cloud computing applications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1149–1167, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

D. Schupke, “Multi-layer and multi-domain resilience in optical networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  100, no. 5, pp. 1140–1148, May 2012.
[CrossRef]

SIAM J. Optim. (1)

A. J. Kleywegt, A. Shapiro, and T. Homem-de-Mello, “The sample average approximation method for stochastic discrete optimization,” SIAM J. Optim., vol.  12, no. 2, pp. 479–502, Feb. 2002.
[CrossRef]

Other (16)

M. F. Habib, M. Tornatore, and B. Mukherjee, “Fault-tolerant virtual network mapping to provide content connectivity in optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.4.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. López, J. Ferrer Riera, J. A. García-Espín, P. Donaldio, G. Parladori, J. Jiménez, A. Tovar De Duenyas, P. Vicat-Blanc, J. van der Ham, C. de Laat, M. Ghijsen, B. Belter, A. Binczewski, and M. Antoniak-Lewandowska, “Energy efficiency considerations in integrated IT and optical network resilient infrastructures,” in Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011.

A. Basta, B. Barla, M. Hoffmann, G. Carle, and D. Schupke, “Failure coverage in optimal virtual networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.2.

A. Pagès, J. A. García-Espín, J. Perelló, J. Ferrer Riera, S. Spadaro, and S. Figuerola, “Optimal allocation of virtual optical networks for the future Internet,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2012.

M. De Leenheer, J. Buysse, C. Develder, and B. Mukherjee, “Isolation and resource efficiency of virtual optical networks,” in Proc. of Int. Conf. on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC), 2012, pp. 840–844.

M. P. Anastasopoulos, A. Tzanakaki, and K. Georgakilas, “Stochastic virtual infrastructure planning in elastic cloud deploying optical networking,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2012, paper OW1A.3.

S. Chaisiri, R. Kaewpuang, B.-S. Lee, and D. Niyato, “Cost minimization for provisioning virtual servers in Amazon elastic compute cloud,” in IEEE 19th Int. Symp. on Modeling, Analysis & Simulation of Computer and Telecommunications Systems (MASCOTS), 2011, pp. 85–95.

“The zettabyte era,” Cisco White Paper, May 2012 [Online]. Available: http://www.cisco.com/ .

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, J. Buysse, M. De Leenheer, C. Develder, S. Peng, E. Escalona, D. Simeonidou, N. Ciulli, G. Landi, M. Brogle, A. Manfredi, E. Lopez, J. Riera, J. A. Garcia-Espin, P. Donadio, G. Parladori, and J. Jimenez, “Energy efficiency in integrated IT and optical network infrastructures: The GEYSERS approach,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), 2011, pp. 343–348.

A. Tzanakaki, M. Anastasopoulos, K. Georgakilas, and D. Simeonidou, “Energy aware planning of multiple VIs over converged optical network and IT physical resources,” in Proc. European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2011.

M. Jinno and Y. Tsukishima, “Virtualized optical network (VON) for agile cloud computing environment,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2009.

R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, P. Shuping, and D. Simeonidou, “Optical network virtualization,” in Proc. of 15th Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2011.

A. Tzanakaki, M. P. Anastasopoulos, and K. Georgakilas, “Dynamic adaptive virtual optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, paper OTh3E.3.

P. Kall and J. Mayer, Stochastic Linear Programming: Models, Theory, and Computation. Kluwer Academic, 2005.

J. Wellons, L. Dai, B. Chang, A. Bin, and Y. Xue, “Wireless mesh network routing under uncertain demands,” in Guide to Wireless Mesh Networks. Springer, 2009, pp. 171–198.

E. Kubilinskas, P. Nilsson, and M. Pioro, “Design models for robust multi-layer next generation Internet core networks carrying elastic traffic,” in Proc. of 4th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN), 2003, pp. 61–68.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (15)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

VON planning with (a) resilience considerations and (b) security considerations for the case where no common links are allowed between any two VIs.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Estimating future traffic demands (prediction horizon 1 time period).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Histogram of the prediction error for different planning horizons: (a) 1 time horizon, (b) 4 time horizons, (c) 6 time horizons, and (d) 12 time horizons.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Multilayer VON architecture.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Comparison of various planning schemes (planning horizon 1 time period).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Impact of interplanning time granularity on the allocated optical network resources.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Optical network resources versus VI demands for different VI isolations.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Optical network resources for different VI isolations (demands/VI=80 wavelenths).

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Optical network resources for different VI isolations (demands/VI=80 wavelengths).

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Additional resources required for different availability requirements and planning horizons (three virtual links/VON); μ=10.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Additional resources required (over the dynamic scheme with full information) for different availability requirements and VON complexity levels (12 time horizons); μ=10.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Optical network resources versus VI demands with and without protection.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

Optical network resources versus VI demands for different service classes.

Fig. 14.
Fig. 14.

Additional optical network resources as a function of VI demands for different service classes and availability levels.

Fig. 15.
Fig. 15.

Impact of the number of replications on the accuracy of the SAA algorithm.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

tγdtijhdtij(ξ)=Hdij(ξ),ξΞ,dDi,iI,jJ,tT,
pxdptij(ξ)=hdtij(ξ),ξΞ,dD,iI,jJ,tT.
jdpβdptijxdptij(ξ)uit(ξ),ξΞ,Liv,iI,tT,
minE[Q(x,y;ξ)],
Q(x,y;ξ)=gtkgtygt(ξ)+litvtuit.
E[Q(x,y;ξ)]=k=1|Ξ|pkQ(x,y;ξk).
min1Nn=1NQ(x,y;(ξk)),
N3σmax2(εδ)2log(|S|a),
Q(x,y,y;ξ)=gtkgt[ygt(ξ)+ygt(ξ)]+itvtuit(ξ).