Abstract

Software-defined networking (SDN) enables programmable SDN control and management functions at a number of layers, allowing applications to control network resources or information across different technology domains, e.g., Ethernet, wireless, and optical. Current cloud-based services are pushing networks to new boundaries by deploying cutting edge optical technologies to provide scalable and flexible services. SDN combined with the latest optical transport technologies, such as elastic optical networks, enables network operators and cloud service providers to customize their infrastructure dynamically to user/application requirements and therefore minimize the extra capital and operational costs required for hosting new services. In this paper a unified control plane architecture based on OpenFlow for optical SDN tailored to cloud services is introduced. Requirements for its implementation are discussed considering emerging optical transport technologies. Implementations of the architecture are proposed and demonstrated across heterogeneous state-of-the-art optical, packet, and IT resource integrated cloud infrastructure. Finally, its performance is evaluated using cloud use cases and its results are discussed.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. ONF, “Software-defined networking: the new norm for networks,” Mar. 13, 2012 [Online]. Available: https://www.opennetworking.org/images/stories/downloads/white-papers/wp-sdn-newnorm.pdf .
  2. N. McKeown, T. Anderson, H. Balakrishnan, G. Parulkar, L. Peterson, J. Rexford, S. Shenker, and J. Turner, “OpenFlow: Enabling innovation in campus networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 2, pp. 69–74, 2008.
  3. S. Gringeri, N. Bitar, and T. J. Xia, “Extending software defined network principles to include optical transport,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  51, no. 3, pp. 32–40, Mar. 2013.
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “A survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  14, no. 4, pp. 1021–1036, Fourth Quarter2012.
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, “Packet and circuit network convergence with OpenFlow,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, paper OTuG1.
  6. L. Liu, D. Zhang, T. Tsuritani, R. Vilalta, R. Casellas, L. Hong, I. Morita, H. Guo, J. Wu, R. Martínez, and R. Muñoz, “First field trial of an OpenFlow-based unified control plane for multi-layer multi-granularity optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012, paper PDP5D.2.
  7. L. Liu, R. Muñoz, R. Casellas, T. Tsuritani, R. Martínez, and I. Morita, “OpenSlice: An OpenFlow-based control plane for spectrum sliced elastic optical path networks,” Opt. Express, vol.  21, no. 4, pp. 4194–4204, 2013.
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Das, Y. Yiakoumis, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and P. D. Desai, “Application-aware aggregation and traffic engineering in a converged packet-circuit network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 6–10, 2011.
  9. Android Hardware Abstraction Layer [Online]. Available: https://source.android.com/devices/reference/files.html .
  10. V. Handziski, J. Polastre, J. Hauer, C. Sharp, A. Wolisz, and D. Culler, “Flexible hardware abstraction for wireless sensor networks,” in Proc. 2nd European Workshop on Wireless Sensor Networks, Jan. 31–Feb. 2, 2005, pp. 145–157.
  11. A. Doria, J. Hadi Salim, R. Haas, H. Khosravi, W. Wang, L. Dong, R. Gopal, and J. Halpern, “Forwarding and control element separation (ForCES) protocol specification,” , Mar.2010 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5810 .
  12. C. V. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical layer impairment aware routing (PLIAR) in WDM optical networks: Issues and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  11, no. 4, pp. 109–130, 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, S. Huang, Y. Ji, J. Han, Y. Lin, and Y. Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conf., 2012, paper PAF4C.5.
  14. S. Das, “Extensions to the OF protocol in support of circuit switching,” addendum v0.3, June 2010, http://archive.openflow.org/wk/images/8/81/OpenFlow_Circuit_Switch_Specification_v0.3.pdf .
  15. VMware ESX [Online]. Available: http://www.vmware.com/products/vsphere-hypervisor/overview.html .
  16. Citrix XenServer [Online]. Available: http://www.citrix.com/products/xenserver/overview.html .
  17. XEN API [Online]. Available: http://wiki.xenproject.org/wiki/Archived/Xen_API_Project .
  18. M. Channegowda, R. Nejabati, M. R. Fard, S. Peng, N. Amaya, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, R. Vilalta, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, A. Autenrieth, J. P. Elbers, P. Kostecki, and P. Kaczmarek, “Experimental demonstration of an OpenFlow based software-defined optical network employing packet, fixed and flexible DWDM grid technologies on an international multi-domain testbed,” Opt. Express, vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 5487–5498, 2013.
    [CrossRef]
  19. “Spectral grids for WDM applications: DWDM frequency grid,” , June 2002.
  20. R. Sherwood, G. Gibb, K.-K. Yap, G. Appenzeller, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and G. Parulkar, “FlowVisor: A network virtualization layer,” , 2009.
  21. ADVA ROADMs [Online]. Available: http://www.advaoptical.com/en/products/scalable-optical-transport/fsp-3000.aspx .
  22. N. Gude, T. Koponen, J. Pettit, B. Pfaff, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and S. Shenker, “NOX: Towards an operating system for networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 3, pp. 105–110, 2008.
  23. S. Das, G. Parulkar, and N. McKeown, “Why OpenFlow/SDN can succeed where GMPLS failed,” in European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.1.
  24. S. Azodolmolky, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, R. Jayakumar, N. Efstathiou, and D. Simeonidou, “Integrated OpenFlow–GMPLS control plane: An overlay model for software defined packet over optical networks,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, pp. B421–B428, 2011.
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Channegowda, P. Kostecki, N. Efstathiou, S. Azodolmolky, R. Nejabati, P. Kaczmarek, A. Autenrieth, J. P. Elbers, and D. Simeonidou, “Experimental Evaluation of Extended OpenFlow deployment for high-performance optical networks,” in European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.2.
  26. Xenserver Storage Migraton [Online]. Available: http://www.citrix.com/content/dam/citrix/en_us/documents/products/live-storage-migration-with-xenserver.pdf .
  27. InMon sFlow Monitoring [Online]. Available: http://www.inmon.com/products/sFlowTrend.php .

2013

2012

C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “A survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  14, no. 4, pp. 1021–1036, Fourth Quarter2012.
[CrossRef]

2011

2009

C. V. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical layer impairment aware routing (PLIAR) in WDM optical networks: Issues and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  11, no. 4, pp. 109–130, 2009.
[CrossRef]

2008

N. McKeown, T. Anderson, H. Balakrishnan, G. Parulkar, L. Peterson, J. Rexford, S. Shenker, and J. Turner, “OpenFlow: Enabling innovation in campus networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 2, pp. 69–74, 2008.

N. Gude, T. Koponen, J. Pettit, B. Pfaff, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and S. Shenker, “NOX: Towards an operating system for networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 3, pp. 105–110, 2008.

Amaya, N.

Anderson, T.

N. McKeown, T. Anderson, H. Balakrishnan, G. Parulkar, L. Peterson, J. Rexford, S. Shenker, and J. Turner, “OpenFlow: Enabling innovation in campus networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 2, pp. 69–74, 2008.

Appenzeller, G.

R. Sherwood, G. Gibb, K.-K. Yap, G. Appenzeller, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and G. Parulkar, “FlowVisor: A network virtualization layer,” , 2009.

Autenrieth, A.

Azodolmolky, S.

S. Azodolmolky, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, R. Jayakumar, N. Efstathiou, and D. Simeonidou, “Integrated OpenFlow–GMPLS control plane: An overlay model for software defined packet over optical networks,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, pp. B421–B428, 2011.
[CrossRef]

M. Channegowda, P. Kostecki, N. Efstathiou, S. Azodolmolky, R. Nejabati, P. Kaczmarek, A. Autenrieth, J. P. Elbers, and D. Simeonidou, “Experimental Evaluation of Extended OpenFlow deployment for high-performance optical networks,” in European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.2.

Balakrishnan, H.

N. McKeown, T. Anderson, H. Balakrishnan, G. Parulkar, L. Peterson, J. Rexford, S. Shenker, and J. Turner, “OpenFlow: Enabling innovation in campus networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 2, pp. 69–74, 2008.

Bitar, N.

S. Gringeri, N. Bitar, and T. J. Xia, “Extending software defined network principles to include optical transport,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  51, no. 3, pp. 32–40, Mar. 2013.
[CrossRef]

Casado, M.

N. Gude, T. Koponen, J. Pettit, B. Pfaff, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and S. Shenker, “NOX: Towards an operating system for networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 3, pp. 105–110, 2008.

R. Sherwood, G. Gibb, K.-K. Yap, G. Appenzeller, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and G. Parulkar, “FlowVisor: A network virtualization layer,” , 2009.

Casellas, R.

Channegowda, M.

Culler, D.

V. Handziski, J. Polastre, J. Hauer, C. Sharp, A. Wolisz, and D. Culler, “Flexible hardware abstraction for wireless sensor networks,” in Proc. 2nd European Workshop on Wireless Sensor Networks, Jan. 31–Feb. 2, 2005, pp. 145–157.

Das, S.

S. Das, Y. Yiakoumis, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and P. D. Desai, “Application-aware aggregation and traffic engineering in a converged packet-circuit network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 6–10, 2011.

S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, “Packet and circuit network convergence with OpenFlow,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, paper OTuG1.

S. Das, G. Parulkar, and N. McKeown, “Why OpenFlow/SDN can succeed where GMPLS failed,” in European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.1.

Desai, P. D.

S. Das, Y. Yiakoumis, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and P. D. Desai, “Application-aware aggregation and traffic engineering in a converged packet-circuit network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 6–10, 2011.

Dong, L.

A. Doria, J. Hadi Salim, R. Haas, H. Khosravi, W. Wang, L. Dong, R. Gopal, and J. Halpern, “Forwarding and control element separation (ForCES) protocol specification,” , Mar.2010 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5810 .

Doria, A.

A. Doria, J. Hadi Salim, R. Haas, H. Khosravi, W. Wang, L. Dong, R. Gopal, and J. Halpern, “Forwarding and control element separation (ForCES) protocol specification,” , Mar.2010 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5810 .

Efstathiou, N.

S. Azodolmolky, R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, R. Jayakumar, N. Efstathiou, and D. Simeonidou, “Integrated OpenFlow–GMPLS control plane: An overlay model for software defined packet over optical networks,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, pp. B421–B428, 2011.
[CrossRef]

M. Channegowda, P. Kostecki, N. Efstathiou, S. Azodolmolky, R. Nejabati, P. Kaczmarek, A. Autenrieth, J. P. Elbers, and D. Simeonidou, “Experimental Evaluation of Extended OpenFlow deployment for high-performance optical networks,” in European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.2.

Elbers, J. P.

Escalona, E.

Fard, M. R.

Getachew, D.

S. Das, Y. Yiakoumis, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and P. D. Desai, “Application-aware aggregation and traffic engineering in a converged packet-circuit network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 6–10, 2011.

S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, “Packet and circuit network convergence with OpenFlow,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, paper OTuG1.

Gibb, G.

R. Sherwood, G. Gibb, K.-K. Yap, G. Appenzeller, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and G. Parulkar, “FlowVisor: A network virtualization layer,” , 2009.

Gopal, R.

A. Doria, J. Hadi Salim, R. Haas, H. Khosravi, W. Wang, L. Dong, R. Gopal, and J. Halpern, “Forwarding and control element separation (ForCES) protocol specification,” , Mar.2010 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5810 .

Gringeri, S.

S. Gringeri, N. Bitar, and T. J. Xia, “Extending software defined network principles to include optical transport,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  51, no. 3, pp. 32–40, Mar. 2013.
[CrossRef]

Gude, N.

N. Gude, T. Koponen, J. Pettit, B. Pfaff, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and S. Shenker, “NOX: Towards an operating system for networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 3, pp. 105–110, 2008.

Guo, H.

L. Liu, D. Zhang, T. Tsuritani, R. Vilalta, R. Casellas, L. Hong, I. Morita, H. Guo, J. Wu, R. Martínez, and R. Muñoz, “First field trial of an OpenFlow-based unified control plane for multi-layer multi-granularity optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012, paper PDP5D.2.

Haas, R.

A. Doria, J. Hadi Salim, R. Haas, H. Khosravi, W. Wang, L. Dong, R. Gopal, and J. Halpern, “Forwarding and control element separation (ForCES) protocol specification,” , Mar.2010 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5810 .

Hadi Salim, J.

A. Doria, J. Hadi Salim, R. Haas, H. Khosravi, W. Wang, L. Dong, R. Gopal, and J. Halpern, “Forwarding and control element separation (ForCES) protocol specification,” , Mar.2010 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5810 .

Halpern, J.

A. Doria, J. Hadi Salim, R. Haas, H. Khosravi, W. Wang, L. Dong, R. Gopal, and J. Halpern, “Forwarding and control element separation (ForCES) protocol specification,” , Mar.2010 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5810 .

Han, J.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, S. Huang, Y. Ji, J. Han, Y. Lin, and Y. Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conf., 2012, paper PAF4C.5.

Handziski, V.

V. Handziski, J. Polastre, J. Hauer, C. Sharp, A. Wolisz, and D. Culler, “Flexible hardware abstraction for wireless sensor networks,” in Proc. 2nd European Workshop on Wireless Sensor Networks, Jan. 31–Feb. 2, 2005, pp. 145–157.

Hauer, J.

V. Handziski, J. Polastre, J. Hauer, C. Sharp, A. Wolisz, and D. Culler, “Flexible hardware abstraction for wireless sensor networks,” in Proc. 2nd European Workshop on Wireless Sensor Networks, Jan. 31–Feb. 2, 2005, pp. 145–157.

Hong, L.

L. Liu, D. Zhang, T. Tsuritani, R. Vilalta, R. Casellas, L. Hong, I. Morita, H. Guo, J. Wu, R. Martínez, and R. Muñoz, “First field trial of an OpenFlow-based unified control plane for multi-layer multi-granularity optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012, paper PDP5D.2.

Huang, S.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, S. Huang, Y. Ji, J. Han, Y. Lin, and Y. Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conf., 2012, paper PAF4C.5.

Jayakumar, R.

Ji, Y.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, S. Huang, Y. Ji, J. Han, Y. Lin, and Y. Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conf., 2012, paper PAF4C.5.

Kachris, C.

C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “A survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  14, no. 4, pp. 1021–1036, Fourth Quarter2012.
[CrossRef]

Kaczmarek, P.

Khosravi, H.

A. Doria, J. Hadi Salim, R. Haas, H. Khosravi, W. Wang, L. Dong, R. Gopal, and J. Halpern, “Forwarding and control element separation (ForCES) protocol specification,” , Mar.2010 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5810 .

Koponen, T.

N. Gude, T. Koponen, J. Pettit, B. Pfaff, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and S. Shenker, “NOX: Towards an operating system for networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 3, pp. 105–110, 2008.

Kostecki, P.

Lee, Y.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, S. Huang, Y. Ji, J. Han, Y. Lin, and Y. Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conf., 2012, paper PAF4C.5.

Lin, Y.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, S. Huang, Y. Ji, J. Han, Y. Lin, and Y. Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conf., 2012, paper PAF4C.5.

Liu, L.

Martínez, R.

McKeown, N.

N. McKeown, T. Anderson, H. Balakrishnan, G. Parulkar, L. Peterson, J. Rexford, S. Shenker, and J. Turner, “OpenFlow: Enabling innovation in campus networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 2, pp. 69–74, 2008.

N. Gude, T. Koponen, J. Pettit, B. Pfaff, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and S. Shenker, “NOX: Towards an operating system for networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 3, pp. 105–110, 2008.

R. Sherwood, G. Gibb, K.-K. Yap, G. Appenzeller, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and G. Parulkar, “FlowVisor: A network virtualization layer,” , 2009.

S. Das, G. Parulkar, and N. McKeown, “Why OpenFlow/SDN can succeed where GMPLS failed,” in European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.1.

S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, “Packet and circuit network convergence with OpenFlow,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, paper OTuG1.

S. Das, Y. Yiakoumis, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and P. D. Desai, “Application-aware aggregation and traffic engineering in a converged packet-circuit network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 6–10, 2011.

Morita, I.

Muñoz, R.

Nejabati, R.

Ong, L.

S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, “Packet and circuit network convergence with OpenFlow,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, paper OTuG1.

Parulkar, G.

N. McKeown, T. Anderson, H. Balakrishnan, G. Parulkar, L. Peterson, J. Rexford, S. Shenker, and J. Turner, “OpenFlow: Enabling innovation in campus networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 2, pp. 69–74, 2008.

S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, “Packet and circuit network convergence with OpenFlow,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, paper OTuG1.

S. Das, Y. Yiakoumis, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and P. D. Desai, “Application-aware aggregation and traffic engineering in a converged packet-circuit network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 6–10, 2011.

S. Das, G. Parulkar, and N. McKeown, “Why OpenFlow/SDN can succeed where GMPLS failed,” in European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.1.

R. Sherwood, G. Gibb, K.-K. Yap, G. Appenzeller, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and G. Parulkar, “FlowVisor: A network virtualization layer,” , 2009.

Peng, S.

Peterson, L.

N. McKeown, T. Anderson, H. Balakrishnan, G. Parulkar, L. Peterson, J. Rexford, S. Shenker, and J. Turner, “OpenFlow: Enabling innovation in campus networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 2, pp. 69–74, 2008.

Pettit, J.

N. Gude, T. Koponen, J. Pettit, B. Pfaff, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and S. Shenker, “NOX: Towards an operating system for networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 3, pp. 105–110, 2008.

Pfaff, B.

N. Gude, T. Koponen, J. Pettit, B. Pfaff, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and S. Shenker, “NOX: Towards an operating system for networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 3, pp. 105–110, 2008.

Polastre, J.

V. Handziski, J. Polastre, J. Hauer, C. Sharp, A. Wolisz, and D. Culler, “Flexible hardware abstraction for wireless sensor networks,” in Proc. 2nd European Workshop on Wireless Sensor Networks, Jan. 31–Feb. 2, 2005, pp. 145–157.

Rexford, J.

N. McKeown, T. Anderson, H. Balakrishnan, G. Parulkar, L. Peterson, J. Rexford, S. Shenker, and J. Turner, “OpenFlow: Enabling innovation in campus networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 2, pp. 69–74, 2008.

Saradhi, C. V.

C. V. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical layer impairment aware routing (PLIAR) in WDM optical networks: Issues and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  11, no. 4, pp. 109–130, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Sharp, C.

V. Handziski, J. Polastre, J. Hauer, C. Sharp, A. Wolisz, and D. Culler, “Flexible hardware abstraction for wireless sensor networks,” in Proc. 2nd European Workshop on Wireless Sensor Networks, Jan. 31–Feb. 2, 2005, pp. 145–157.

Shenker, S.

N. McKeown, T. Anderson, H. Balakrishnan, G. Parulkar, L. Peterson, J. Rexford, S. Shenker, and J. Turner, “OpenFlow: Enabling innovation in campus networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 2, pp. 69–74, 2008.

N. Gude, T. Koponen, J. Pettit, B. Pfaff, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and S. Shenker, “NOX: Towards an operating system for networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 3, pp. 105–110, 2008.

Sherwood, R.

R. Sherwood, G. Gibb, K.-K. Yap, G. Appenzeller, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and G. Parulkar, “FlowVisor: A network virtualization layer,” , 2009.

Simeonidou, D.

Singh, P.

S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, “Packet and circuit network convergence with OpenFlow,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, paper OTuG1.

S. Das, Y. Yiakoumis, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and P. D. Desai, “Application-aware aggregation and traffic engineering in a converged packet-circuit network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 6–10, 2011.

Subramaniam, S.

C. V. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical layer impairment aware routing (PLIAR) in WDM optical networks: Issues and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  11, no. 4, pp. 109–130, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Tomkos, I.

C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “A survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  14, no. 4, pp. 1021–1036, Fourth Quarter2012.
[CrossRef]

Tsuritani, T.

Turner, J.

N. McKeown, T. Anderson, H. Balakrishnan, G. Parulkar, L. Peterson, J. Rexford, S. Shenker, and J. Turner, “OpenFlow: Enabling innovation in campus networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 2, pp. 69–74, 2008.

Vilalta, R.

M. Channegowda, R. Nejabati, M. R. Fard, S. Peng, N. Amaya, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, R. Vilalta, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, A. Autenrieth, J. P. Elbers, P. Kostecki, and P. Kaczmarek, “Experimental demonstration of an OpenFlow based software-defined optical network employing packet, fixed and flexible DWDM grid technologies on an international multi-domain testbed,” Opt. Express, vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 5487–5498, 2013.
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, D. Zhang, T. Tsuritani, R. Vilalta, R. Casellas, L. Hong, I. Morita, H. Guo, J. Wu, R. Martínez, and R. Muñoz, “First field trial of an OpenFlow-based unified control plane for multi-layer multi-granularity optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012, paper PDP5D.2.

Wang, W.

A. Doria, J. Hadi Salim, R. Haas, H. Khosravi, W. Wang, L. Dong, R. Gopal, and J. Halpern, “Forwarding and control element separation (ForCES) protocol specification,” , Mar.2010 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5810 .

Wolisz, A.

V. Handziski, J. Polastre, J. Hauer, C. Sharp, A. Wolisz, and D. Culler, “Flexible hardware abstraction for wireless sensor networks,” in Proc. 2nd European Workshop on Wireless Sensor Networks, Jan. 31–Feb. 2, 2005, pp. 145–157.

Wu, J.

L. Liu, D. Zhang, T. Tsuritani, R. Vilalta, R. Casellas, L. Hong, I. Morita, H. Guo, J. Wu, R. Martínez, and R. Muñoz, “First field trial of an OpenFlow-based unified control plane for multi-layer multi-granularity optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012, paper PDP5D.2.

Xia, T. J.

S. Gringeri, N. Bitar, and T. J. Xia, “Extending software defined network principles to include optical transport,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  51, no. 3, pp. 32–40, Mar. 2013.
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, S. Huang, Y. Ji, J. Han, Y. Lin, and Y. Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conf., 2012, paper PAF4C.5.

Yap, K.-K.

R. Sherwood, G. Gibb, K.-K. Yap, G. Appenzeller, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and G. Parulkar, “FlowVisor: A network virtualization layer,” , 2009.

Yiakoumis, Y.

S. Das, Y. Yiakoumis, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and P. D. Desai, “Application-aware aggregation and traffic engineering in a converged packet-circuit network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 6–10, 2011.

Zervas, G.

Zhang, D.

L. Liu, D. Zhang, T. Tsuritani, R. Vilalta, R. Casellas, L. Hong, I. Morita, H. Guo, J. Wu, R. Martínez, and R. Muñoz, “First field trial of an OpenFlow-based unified control plane for multi-layer multi-granularity optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012, paper PDP5D.2.

Zhang, J.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, S. Huang, Y. Ji, J. Han, Y. Lin, and Y. Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conf., 2012, paper PAF4C.5.

Zhao, Y.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, S. Huang, Y. Ji, J. Han, Y. Lin, and Y. Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conf., 2012, paper PAF4C.5.

Comput. Commun. Rev.

N. McKeown, T. Anderson, H. Balakrishnan, G. Parulkar, L. Peterson, J. Rexford, S. Shenker, and J. Turner, “OpenFlow: Enabling innovation in campus networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 2, pp. 69–74, 2008.

N. Gude, T. Koponen, J. Pettit, B. Pfaff, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and S. Shenker, “NOX: Towards an operating system for networks,” Comput. Commun. Rev., vol.  38, no. 3, pp. 105–110, 2008.

IEEE Commun. Mag.

S. Gringeri, N. Bitar, and T. J. Xia, “Extending software defined network principles to include optical transport,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  51, no. 3, pp. 32–40, Mar. 2013.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials

C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “A survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  14, no. 4, pp. 1021–1036, Fourth Quarter2012.
[CrossRef]

C. V. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical layer impairment aware routing (PLIAR) in WDM optical networks: Issues and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  11, no. 4, pp. 109–130, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Other

M. Channegowda, P. Kostecki, N. Efstathiou, S. Azodolmolky, R. Nejabati, P. Kaczmarek, A. Autenrieth, J. P. Elbers, and D. Simeonidou, “Experimental Evaluation of Extended OpenFlow deployment for high-performance optical networks,” in European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.2.

Xenserver Storage Migraton [Online]. Available: http://www.citrix.com/content/dam/citrix/en_us/documents/products/live-storage-migration-with-xenserver.pdf .

InMon sFlow Monitoring [Online]. Available: http://www.inmon.com/products/sFlowTrend.php .

S. Das, G. Parulkar, and N. McKeown, “Why OpenFlow/SDN can succeed where GMPLS failed,” in European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.1.

ONF, “Software-defined networking: the new norm for networks,” Mar. 13, 2012 [Online]. Available: https://www.opennetworking.org/images/stories/downloads/white-papers/wp-sdn-newnorm.pdf .

S. Das, Y. Yiakoumis, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and P. D. Desai, “Application-aware aggregation and traffic engineering in a converged packet-circuit network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 6–10, 2011.

Android Hardware Abstraction Layer [Online]. Available: https://source.android.com/devices/reference/files.html .

V. Handziski, J. Polastre, J. Hauer, C. Sharp, A. Wolisz, and D. Culler, “Flexible hardware abstraction for wireless sensor networks,” in Proc. 2nd European Workshop on Wireless Sensor Networks, Jan. 31–Feb. 2, 2005, pp. 145–157.

A. Doria, J. Hadi Salim, R. Haas, H. Khosravi, W. Wang, L. Dong, R. Gopal, and J. Halpern, “Forwarding and control element separation (ForCES) protocol specification,” , Mar.2010 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5810 .

S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, “Packet and circuit network convergence with OpenFlow,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, paper OTuG1.

L. Liu, D. Zhang, T. Tsuritani, R. Vilalta, R. Casellas, L. Hong, I. Morita, H. Guo, J. Wu, R. Martínez, and R. Muñoz, “First field trial of an OpenFlow-based unified control plane for multi-layer multi-granularity optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2012, paper PDP5D.2.

“Spectral grids for WDM applications: DWDM frequency grid,” , June 2002.

R. Sherwood, G. Gibb, K.-K. Yap, G. Appenzeller, M. Casado, N. McKeown, and G. Parulkar, “FlowVisor: A network virtualization layer,” , 2009.

ADVA ROADMs [Online]. Available: http://www.advaoptical.com/en/products/scalable-optical-transport/fsp-3000.aspx .

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, S. Huang, Y. Ji, J. Han, Y. Lin, and Y. Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conf., 2012, paper PAF4C.5.

S. Das, “Extensions to the OF protocol in support of circuit switching,” addendum v0.3, June 2010, http://archive.openflow.org/wk/images/8/81/OpenFlow_Circuit_Switch_Specification_v0.3.pdf .

VMware ESX [Online]. Available: http://www.vmware.com/products/vsphere-hypervisor/overview.html .

Citrix XenServer [Online]. Available: http://www.citrix.com/products/xenserver/overview.html .

XEN API [Online]. Available: http://wiki.xenproject.org/wiki/Archived/Xen_API_Project .

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Architecture of multilayer multitechnology control plane. (b) Flow mappings between technologies.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

OpenFlow agent abstractions.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Flow definitions for different technology domains.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Demonstration setup: packet-fixed-flexible devices. (b) Path setup times for fixed WDM nodes. (c) Blocking probability versus load for GMPLS–OF and standalone OF approaches.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Configuration times for different domains. (b) Total path setup times. (c) VM migration traffic grooming. (d) Application aware utilization reduction.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

TABLE I DC Service Characteristics