Abstract

Nowadays, most service providers offer their services and support their applications through federated sets of data centers that need to be interconnected using high-capacity telecom transport networks. To provide such high-capacity network channels, data center interconnection is typically based on IP and optical transport networks that ensure certain end-to-end connectivity performance guarantees. However, in the current mode of operation, the control of IP networks, optical networks, and data centers is separately deployed. Enabling even a limited interworking among these separated control systems requires the adoption of complex and inelastic interfaces among the various networks, and this solution is not efficient enough to provide the required quality of service. In this paper, we propose a multi-stratum resource integration (MSRI) architecture for OpenFlow-based data center interconnection using IP and optical transport networks. The control of the architecture is implemented through multiple OpenFlow controllers’ cooperation. By exchanging information among multiple controllers, the MSRI can effectively overcome the interworking limitations of a multi-stratum architecture, enable joint optimization of data center and network resources, and enhance the data center responsiveness to end-to-end service demands. Additionally, a service-aware flow estimation strategy for MSRI is introduced based on the proposed architecture. The overall feasibility and efficiency of the proposed architecture are experimentally demonstrated on our optical as a service testbed in terms of blocking probability, resource occupation rate, and path provisioning latency.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (4)

2012 (5)

2011 (4)

2010 (1)

Y.  Zhang, P.  Chowdhury, M.  Tornatore, B.  Mukherjee, “Energy efficiency in telecom optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  12, no. 4, pp. 441–458, July 2010.
[CrossRef]

Al-Fares, M.

M.  Al-Fares, A.  Loukissas, A.  Vahdat, “A scalable, commodity data center network architecture,” in Proc. ACM SIGCOMM, 2008, pp. 63–74.

Amaya, N.

Anastasopoulos, M.

Astorga, A.

J.  Rubio-Loyola, A.  Galis, A.  Astorga, J.  Serrat, A.  Fischer, A.  Paler, H.  Meer, “Scalable service deployment on software-defined networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 12, pp. 84–93, Dec. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Autenrieth, A.

Azodolmolky, S.

M.  Channegowda, P.  Kostecki, N.  Efstathiou, S.  Azodolmolky, R.  Nejabati, P.  Kaczmarek, A.  Autenrieth, J. P.  Elbers, D.  Simeonidou, “Experimental evaluation of extended OpenFlow deployment for high-performance optical networks,” in Proc. ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.2.

Bergman, K.

Casellas, R.

M.  Channegowda, R.  Nejabati, M.  Rashidifard, S.  Peng, N.  Amaya, G.  Zervas, D.  Simeonidou, R.  Vilalta, R.  Casellas, R.  Martínez, R.  Muñoz, L.  Liu, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, A.  Autenrieth, J.  Elbers, P.  Kostecki, P.  Kaczmarek, “Experimental demonstration of an OpenFlow based software-defined optical network employing packet, fixed and flexible DWDM grid technologies on an international multi-domain testbed,” Opt. Express, vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 5487–5498, Mar. 2013.
[CrossRef]

L.  Liu, D.  Zhang, T.  Tsuritani, R.  Vilalta, R.  Casellas, L.  Hong, I.  Morita, H.  Guo, J.  Wu, R.  Martínez, R.  Muñoz, “Field trial of an OpenFlow-based unified control plane for multilayer multi granularity optical switching networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 4, pp. 506–514, Feb. 2013.
[CrossRef]

R.  Casellas, R.  Muñoz, J. M.  Fàbrega, M. S.  Moreolo, R.  Martínez, L.  Liu, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, “GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical networks using CO-OFDM transmission,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 11, pp. B1–B10, Nov. 2012.
[CrossRef]

L.  Liu, R.  Casellas, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, R.  Martinez, R.  Muñoz, “Experimental demonstration of an OpenFlow/PCE integrated control plane for IP over translucent WSON with the assistance of a per-request-based dynamic topology server,” in Proc. ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.3.

L.  Liu, R.  Casellas, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, R.  Martínez, R.  Muñoz, “Interworking between OpenFlow and PCE for dynamic wavelength path control in multi-domain WSON,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2012, paper OM3G.2.

Castoldi, P.

Channegowda, M.

Chiu, A.

Choudhury, G.

Chowdhury, P.

Y.  Zhang, P.  Chowdhury, M.  Tornatore, B.  Mukherjee, “Energy efficiency in telecom optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  12, no. 4, pp. 441–458, July 2010.
[CrossRef]

Das, S.

S.  Das, G.  Parulkar, N.  McKeown, “Why OpenFlow/SDN can succeed where GMPLS failed,” in Proc. ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.1.

S.  Das, G.  Parulkar, N.  McKeown, “Packet and circuit network convergence with OpenFlow,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2010, paper OTuG1.

Dong, X.

Efstathiou, N.

O.  Ntofon, M.  Channegowda, N.  Efstathiou, M.  Fard, R.  Nejabati, D.  Hunter, D.  Simeonidou, “Experimental demonstration of OpenFlow-enabled media ecosystem architecture for high-end applications over metro and core networks,” Opt. Express, vol.  21, no. 4, pp. 4811–4816, Feb. 2013.
[CrossRef]

M.  Channegowda, P.  Kostecki, N.  Efstathiou, S.  Azodolmolky, R.  Nejabati, P.  Kaczmarek, A.  Autenrieth, J. P.  Elbers, D.  Simeonidou, “Experimental evaluation of extended OpenFlow deployment for high-performance optical networks,” in Proc. ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.2.

Elbers, J.

Elbers, J. P.

M.  Channegowda, P.  Kostecki, N.  Efstathiou, S.  Azodolmolky, R.  Nejabati, P.  Kaczmarek, A.  Autenrieth, J. P.  Elbers, D.  Simeonidou, “Experimental evaluation of extended OpenFlow deployment for high-performance optical networks,” in Proc. ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.2.

El-Gorashi, T.

Elmirghani, J. M. H.

Fàbrega, J. M.

Fard, M.

Feuer, M.

Fischer, A.

J.  Rubio-Loyola, A.  Galis, A.  Astorga, J.  Serrat, A.  Fischer, A.  Paler, H.  Meer, “Scalable service deployment on software-defined networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 12, pp. 84–93, Dec. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Fu, X.

Galis, A.

J.  Rubio-Loyola, A.  Galis, A.  Astorga, J.  Serrat, A.  Fischer, A.  Paler, H.  Meer, “Scalable service deployment on software-defined networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 12, pp. 84–93, Dec. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Georgakilas, K. N.

Gharbaoui, M.

Gu, W.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Multi-stratum resources integration for data center application based on multiple OpenFlow controllers cooperation,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper NTu3F.7.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum optimization of application and network resource based on global load balancing strategy in dynamic optical networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2012, paper JTh2A.38.

Guo, H.

Han, J.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Multi-stratum resources integration for data center application based on multiple OpenFlow controllers cooperation,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper NTu3F.7.

J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, Y.  Ji, H.  Li, Y.  Lin, G.  Li, J.  Han, Y.  Lee, T.  Ma, “First demonstration of enhanced software defined networking (eSDN) over elastic grid (eGrid) optical networks for data center service migration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper PDP5B.1.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Li, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum resilience for OpenFlow-enabled data center interconnected by flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, submitted for publication.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Proc. ACP, 2012, post-deadline paper AF4C.5.

Hong, L.

Huang, S.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Li, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum resilience for OpenFlow-enabled data center interconnected by flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, submitted for publication.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Proc. ACP, 2012, post-deadline paper AF4C.5.

Hunter, D.

Ji, Y.

J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, Y.  Ji, H.  Li, Y.  Lin, G.  Li, J.  Han, Y.  Lee, T.  Ma, “First demonstration of enhanced software defined networking (eSDN) over elastic grid (eGrid) optical networks for data center service migration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper PDP5B.1.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Proc. ACP, 2012, post-deadline paper AF4C.5.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Li, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum resilience for OpenFlow-enabled data center interconnected by flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, submitted for publication.

Kachris, C.

C.  Kachris, I.  Tomkos, “A Survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  14, no. 4, pp. 1021–1036, Oct. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Kaczmarek, P.

Kostecki, P.

Lee, Y.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Proc. ACP, 2012, post-deadline paper AF4C.5.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum optimization of application and network resource based on global load balancing strategy in dynamic optical networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2012, paper JTh2A.38.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Li, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum resilience for OpenFlow-enabled data center interconnected by flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, submitted for publication.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Multi-stratum resources integration for data center application based on multiple OpenFlow controllers cooperation,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper NTu3F.7.

J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, Y.  Ji, H.  Li, Y.  Lin, G.  Li, J.  Han, Y.  Lee, T.  Ma, “First demonstration of enhanced software defined networking (eSDN) over elastic grid (eGrid) optical networks for data center service migration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper PDP5B.1.

Li, G.

J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, Y.  Ji, H.  Li, Y.  Lin, G.  Li, J.  Han, Y.  Lee, T.  Ma, “First demonstration of enhanced software defined networking (eSDN) over elastic grid (eGrid) optical networks for data center service migration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper PDP5B.1.

Li, H.

J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, Y.  Ji, H.  Li, Y.  Lin, G.  Li, J.  Han, Y.  Lee, T.  Ma, “First demonstration of enhanced software defined networking (eSDN) over elastic grid (eGrid) optical networks for data center service migration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper PDP5B.1.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Li, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum resilience for OpenFlow-enabled data center interconnected by flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, submitted for publication.

Li, Y.

Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Lin, Y.  Li, “Experimental demonstration of optical as a service (OaaS) based on OpenFlow,” in Proc. OECC, 2012, paper PDP1-4.

Lin, X.

Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, H.  Yang, Y.  Yu, X.  Niu, X.  Lin, “Which is more suitable for the control over large scale optical networks, GMPLS or OpenFlow,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper NTu3F.2.

Lin, Y.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum optimization of application and network resource based on global load balancing strategy in dynamic optical networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2012, paper JTh2A.38.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Proc. ACP, 2012, post-deadline paper AF4C.5.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Li, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum resilience for OpenFlow-enabled data center interconnected by flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, submitted for publication.

Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Lin, Y.  Li, “Experimental demonstration of optical as a service (OaaS) based on OpenFlow,” in Proc. OECC, 2012, paper PDP1-4.

J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, Y.  Ji, H.  Li, Y.  Lin, G.  Li, J.  Han, Y.  Lee, T.  Ma, “First demonstration of enhanced software defined networking (eSDN) over elastic grid (eGrid) optical networks for data center service migration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper PDP5B.1.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Multi-stratum resources integration for data center application based on multiple OpenFlow controllers cooperation,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper NTu3F.7.

Liu, L.

L.  Liu, D.  Zhang, T.  Tsuritani, R.  Vilalta, R.  Casellas, L.  Hong, I.  Morita, H.  Guo, J.  Wu, R.  Martínez, R.  Muñoz, “Field trial of an OpenFlow-based unified control plane for multilayer multi granularity optical switching networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 4, pp. 506–514, Feb. 2013.
[CrossRef]

M.  Channegowda, R.  Nejabati, M.  Rashidifard, S.  Peng, N.  Amaya, G.  Zervas, D.  Simeonidou, R.  Vilalta, R.  Casellas, R.  Martínez, R.  Muñoz, L.  Liu, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, A.  Autenrieth, J.  Elbers, P.  Kostecki, P.  Kaczmarek, “Experimental demonstration of an OpenFlow based software-defined optical network employing packet, fixed and flexible DWDM grid technologies on an international multi-domain testbed,” Opt. Express, vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 5487–5498, Mar. 2013.
[CrossRef]

R.  Casellas, R.  Muñoz, J. M.  Fàbrega, M. S.  Moreolo, R.  Martínez, L.  Liu, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, “GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical networks using CO-OFDM transmission,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 11, pp. B1–B10, Nov. 2012.
[CrossRef]

L.  Liu, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, H.  Guo, J.  Wu, “Experimental validation and performance evaluation of OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, no. 27, pp. 26578–26593, Dec. 2011.
[CrossRef]

L.  Liu, R.  Casellas, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, R.  Martinez, R.  Muñoz, “Experimental demonstration of an OpenFlow/PCE integrated control plane for IP over translucent WSON with the assistance of a per-request-based dynamic topology server,” in Proc. ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.3.

L.  Liu, R.  Casellas, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, R.  Martínez, R.  Muñoz, “Interworking between OpenFlow and PCE for dynamic wavelength path control in multi-domain WSON,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2012, paper OM3G.2.

Loukissas, A.

M.  Al-Fares, A.  Loukissas, A.  Vahdat, “A scalable, commodity data center network architecture,” in Proc. ACM SIGCOMM, 2008, pp. 63–74.

Ma, T.

J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, Y.  Ji, H.  Li, Y.  Lin, G.  Li, J.  Han, Y.  Lee, T.  Ma, “First demonstration of enhanced software defined networking (eSDN) over elastic grid (eGrid) optical networks for data center service migration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper PDP5B.1.

Martinez, R.

L.  Liu, R.  Casellas, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, R.  Martinez, R.  Muñoz, “Experimental demonstration of an OpenFlow/PCE integrated control plane for IP over translucent WSON with the assistance of a per-request-based dynamic topology server,” in Proc. ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.3.

Martínez, R.

Martini, B.

McKeown, N.

S.  Das, G.  Parulkar, N.  McKeown, “Packet and circuit network convergence with OpenFlow,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2010, paper OTuG1.

S.  Das, G.  Parulkar, N.  McKeown, “Why OpenFlow/SDN can succeed where GMPLS failed,” in Proc. ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.1.

Meer, H.

J.  Rubio-Loyola, A.  Galis, A.  Astorga, J.  Serrat, A.  Fischer, A.  Paler, H.  Meer, “Scalable service deployment on software-defined networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 12, pp. 84–93, Dec. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Moreolo, M. S.

Morita, I.

M.  Channegowda, R.  Nejabati, M.  Rashidifard, S.  Peng, N.  Amaya, G.  Zervas, D.  Simeonidou, R.  Vilalta, R.  Casellas, R.  Martínez, R.  Muñoz, L.  Liu, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, A.  Autenrieth, J.  Elbers, P.  Kostecki, P.  Kaczmarek, “Experimental demonstration of an OpenFlow based software-defined optical network employing packet, fixed and flexible DWDM grid technologies on an international multi-domain testbed,” Opt. Express, vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 5487–5498, Mar. 2013.
[CrossRef]

L.  Liu, D.  Zhang, T.  Tsuritani, R.  Vilalta, R.  Casellas, L.  Hong, I.  Morita, H.  Guo, J.  Wu, R.  Martínez, R.  Muñoz, “Field trial of an OpenFlow-based unified control plane for multilayer multi granularity optical switching networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 4, pp. 506–514, Feb. 2013.
[CrossRef]

R.  Casellas, R.  Muñoz, J. M.  Fàbrega, M. S.  Moreolo, R.  Martínez, L.  Liu, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, “GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical networks using CO-OFDM transmission,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 11, pp. B1–B10, Nov. 2012.
[CrossRef]

L.  Liu, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, H.  Guo, J.  Wu, “Experimental validation and performance evaluation of OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, no. 27, pp. 26578–26593, Dec. 2011.
[CrossRef]

L.  Liu, R.  Casellas, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, R.  Martinez, R.  Muñoz, “Experimental demonstration of an OpenFlow/PCE integrated control plane for IP over translucent WSON with the assistance of a per-request-based dynamic topology server,” in Proc. ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.3.

L.  Liu, R.  Casellas, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, R.  Martínez, R.  Muñoz, “Interworking between OpenFlow and PCE for dynamic wavelength path control in multi-domain WSON,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2012, paper OM3G.2.

Mukherjee, B.

Y.  Zhang, P.  Chowdhury, M.  Tornatore, B.  Mukherjee, “Energy efficiency in telecom optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  12, no. 4, pp. 441–458, July 2010.
[CrossRef]

Muñoz, R.

L.  Liu, D.  Zhang, T.  Tsuritani, R.  Vilalta, R.  Casellas, L.  Hong, I.  Morita, H.  Guo, J.  Wu, R.  Martínez, R.  Muñoz, “Field trial of an OpenFlow-based unified control plane for multilayer multi granularity optical switching networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 4, pp. 506–514, Feb. 2013.
[CrossRef]

M.  Channegowda, R.  Nejabati, M.  Rashidifard, S.  Peng, N.  Amaya, G.  Zervas, D.  Simeonidou, R.  Vilalta, R.  Casellas, R.  Martínez, R.  Muñoz, L.  Liu, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, A.  Autenrieth, J.  Elbers, P.  Kostecki, P.  Kaczmarek, “Experimental demonstration of an OpenFlow based software-defined optical network employing packet, fixed and flexible DWDM grid technologies on an international multi-domain testbed,” Opt. Express, vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 5487–5498, Mar. 2013.
[CrossRef]

R.  Casellas, R.  Muñoz, J. M.  Fàbrega, M. S.  Moreolo, R.  Martínez, L.  Liu, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, “GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical networks using CO-OFDM transmission,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 11, pp. B1–B10, Nov. 2012.
[CrossRef]

L.  Liu, R.  Casellas, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, R.  Martinez, R.  Muñoz, “Experimental demonstration of an OpenFlow/PCE integrated control plane for IP over translucent WSON with the assistance of a per-request-based dynamic topology server,” in Proc. ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.3.

L.  Liu, R.  Casellas, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, R.  Martínez, R.  Muñoz, “Interworking between OpenFlow and PCE for dynamic wavelength path control in multi-domain WSON,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2012, paper OM3G.2.

Nejabati, R.

Niu, X.

Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, H.  Yang, Y.  Yu, X.  Niu, X.  Lin, “Which is more suitable for the control over large scale optical networks, GMPLS or OpenFlow,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper NTu3F.2.

Ntofon, O.

Paler, A.

J.  Rubio-Loyola, A.  Galis, A.  Astorga, J.  Serrat, A.  Fischer, A.  Paler, H.  Meer, “Scalable service deployment on software-defined networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 12, pp. 84–93, Dec. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Parulkar, G.

S.  Das, G.  Parulkar, N.  McKeown, “Why OpenFlow/SDN can succeed where GMPLS failed,” in Proc. ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.1.

S.  Das, G.  Parulkar, N.  McKeown, “Packet and circuit network convergence with OpenFlow,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2010, paper OTuG1.

Pedersen, J. M.

Peng, S.

Rashidifard, M.

Rubio-Loyola, J.

J.  Rubio-Loyola, A.  Galis, A.  Astorga, J.  Serrat, A.  Fischer, A.  Paler, H.  Meer, “Scalable service deployment on software-defined networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 12, pp. 84–93, Dec. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Serrat, J.

J.  Rubio-Loyola, A.  Galis, A.  Astorga, J.  Serrat, A.  Fischer, A.  Paler, H.  Meer, “Scalable service deployment on software-defined networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 12, pp. 84–93, Dec. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Simeonidou, D.

Strand, J.

Tomkos, I.

C.  Kachris, I.  Tomkos, “A Survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  14, no. 4, pp. 1021–1036, Oct. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Tornatore, M.

Y.  Zhang, P.  Chowdhury, M.  Tornatore, B.  Mukherjee, “Energy efficiency in telecom optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  12, no. 4, pp. 441–458, July 2010.
[CrossRef]

Tsuritani, T.

L.  Liu, D.  Zhang, T.  Tsuritani, R.  Vilalta, R.  Casellas, L.  Hong, I.  Morita, H.  Guo, J.  Wu, R.  Martínez, R.  Muñoz, “Field trial of an OpenFlow-based unified control plane for multilayer multi granularity optical switching networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 4, pp. 506–514, Feb. 2013.
[CrossRef]

M.  Channegowda, R.  Nejabati, M.  Rashidifard, S.  Peng, N.  Amaya, G.  Zervas, D.  Simeonidou, R.  Vilalta, R.  Casellas, R.  Martínez, R.  Muñoz, L.  Liu, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, A.  Autenrieth, J.  Elbers, P.  Kostecki, P.  Kaczmarek, “Experimental demonstration of an OpenFlow based software-defined optical network employing packet, fixed and flexible DWDM grid technologies on an international multi-domain testbed,” Opt. Express, vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 5487–5498, Mar. 2013.
[CrossRef]

R.  Casellas, R.  Muñoz, J. M.  Fàbrega, M. S.  Moreolo, R.  Martínez, L.  Liu, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, “GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical networks using CO-OFDM transmission,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 11, pp. B1–B10, Nov. 2012.
[CrossRef]

L.  Liu, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, H.  Guo, J.  Wu, “Experimental validation and performance evaluation of OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, no. 27, pp. 26578–26593, Dec. 2011.
[CrossRef]

L.  Liu, R.  Casellas, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, R.  Martinez, R.  Muñoz, “Experimental demonstration of an OpenFlow/PCE integrated control plane for IP over translucent WSON with the assistance of a per-request-based dynamic topology server,” in Proc. ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.3.

L.  Liu, R.  Casellas, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, R.  Martínez, R.  Muñoz, “Interworking between OpenFlow and PCE for dynamic wavelength path control in multi-domain WSON,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2012, paper OM3G.2.

Tzanakaki, A.

Vahdat, A.

M.  Al-Fares, A.  Loukissas, A.  Vahdat, “A scalable, commodity data center network architecture,” in Proc. ACM SIGCOMM, 2008, pp. 63–74.

Vilalta, R.

Wang, H.

Wang, L.

Wang, S.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Multi-stratum resources integration for data center application based on multiple OpenFlow controllers cooperation,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper NTu3F.7.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum optimization of application and network resource based on global load balancing strategy in dynamic optical networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2012, paper JTh2A.38.

Woodward, S.

Wu, J.

Yang, H.

J.  Zhang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, X.  Yu, L.  Wang, X.  Fu, “Experimental demonstration of OpenFlow-based control plane for elastic lightpath provisioning in flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Express, vol.  21, no. 2, pp. 1364–1373, Jan. 2013.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Multi-stratum resources integration for data center application based on multiple OpenFlow controllers cooperation,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper NTu3F.7.

Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Lin, Y.  Li, “Experimental demonstration of optical as a service (OaaS) based on OpenFlow,” in Proc. OECC, 2012, paper PDP1-4.

J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, Y.  Ji, H.  Li, Y.  Lin, G.  Li, J.  Han, Y.  Lee, T.  Ma, “First demonstration of enhanced software defined networking (eSDN) over elastic grid (eGrid) optical networks for data center service migration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper PDP5B.1.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Li, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum resilience for OpenFlow-enabled data center interconnected by flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, submitted for publication.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum optimization of application and network resource based on global load balancing strategy in dynamic optical networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2012, paper JTh2A.38.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Proc. ACP, 2012, post-deadline paper AF4C.5.

Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, H.  Yang, Y.  Yu, X.  Niu, X.  Lin, “Which is more suitable for the control over large scale optical networks, GMPLS or OpenFlow,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper NTu3F.2.

Yu, X.

Yu, Y.

Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, H.  Yang, Y.  Yu, X.  Niu, X.  Lin, “Which is more suitable for the control over large scale optical networks, GMPLS or OpenFlow,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper NTu3F.2.

Zervas, G.

Zhang, D.

Zhang, J.

J.  Zhang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, X.  Yu, L.  Wang, X.  Fu, “Experimental demonstration of OpenFlow-based control plane for elastic lightpath provisioning in flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Express, vol.  21, no. 2, pp. 1364–1373, Jan. 2013.

J.  Zhang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, X.  Yu, L.  Wang, X.  Fu, “Experimental demonstration of OpenFlow-based control plane for elastic lightpath provisioning in flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Express, vol.  21, no. 2, pp. 1364–1373, Jan. 2013.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Multi-stratum resources integration for data center application based on multiple OpenFlow controllers cooperation,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper NTu3F.7.

J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, Y.  Ji, H.  Li, Y.  Lin, G.  Li, J.  Han, Y.  Lee, T.  Ma, “First demonstration of enhanced software defined networking (eSDN) over elastic grid (eGrid) optical networks for data center service migration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper PDP5B.1.

Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Lin, Y.  Li, “Experimental demonstration of optical as a service (OaaS) based on OpenFlow,” in Proc. OECC, 2012, paper PDP1-4.

Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Lin, Y.  Li, “Experimental demonstration of optical as a service (OaaS) based on OpenFlow,” in Proc. OECC, 2012, paper PDP1-4.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Li, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum resilience for OpenFlow-enabled data center interconnected by flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, submitted for publication.

Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, H.  Yang, Y.  Yu, X.  Niu, X.  Lin, “Which is more suitable for the control over large scale optical networks, GMPLS or OpenFlow,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper NTu3F.2.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Proc. ACP, 2012, post-deadline paper AF4C.5.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum optimization of application and network resource based on global load balancing strategy in dynamic optical networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2012, paper JTh2A.38.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, Y.

Y.  Zhang, P.  Chowdhury, M.  Tornatore, B.  Mukherjee, “Energy efficiency in telecom optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  12, no. 4, pp. 441–458, July 2010.
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

J.  Zhang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, X.  Yu, L.  Wang, X.  Fu, “Experimental demonstration of OpenFlow-based control plane for elastic lightpath provisioning in flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Express, vol.  21, no. 2, pp. 1364–1373, Jan. 2013.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Multi-stratum resources integration for data center application based on multiple OpenFlow controllers cooperation,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper NTu3F.7.

Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Lin, Y.  Li, “Experimental demonstration of optical as a service (OaaS) based on OpenFlow,” in Proc. OECC, 2012, paper PDP1-4.

J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, Y.  Ji, H.  Li, Y.  Lin, G.  Li, J.  Han, Y.  Lee, T.  Ma, “First demonstration of enhanced software defined networking (eSDN) over elastic grid (eGrid) optical networks for data center service migration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper PDP5B.1.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Li, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum resilience for OpenFlow-enabled data center interconnected by flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, submitted for publication.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Proc. ACP, 2012, post-deadline paper AF4C.5.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum optimization of application and network resource based on global load balancing strategy in dynamic optical networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2012, paper JTh2A.38.

Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, H.  Yang, Y.  Yu, X.  Niu, X.  Lin, “Which is more suitable for the control over large scale optical networks, GMPLS or OpenFlow,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper NTu3F.2.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

J.  Rubio-Loyola, A.  Galis, A.  Astorga, J.  Serrat, A.  Fischer, A.  Paler, H.  Meer, “Scalable service deployment on software-defined networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 12, pp. 84–93, Dec. 2011.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials (2)

C.  Kachris, I.  Tomkos, “A Survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  14, no. 4, pp. 1021–1036, Oct. 2012.
[CrossRef]

Y.  Zhang, P.  Chowdhury, M.  Tornatore, B.  Mukherjee, “Energy efficiency in telecom optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  12, no. 4, pp. 441–458, July 2010.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (3)

Opt. Express (4)

Other (18)

M.  Al-Fares, A.  Loukissas, A.  Vahdat, “A scalable, commodity data center network architecture,” in Proc. ACM SIGCOMM, 2008, pp. 63–74.

K.  Kumaki, Ed., “Interworking requirements to support operation of MPLS-TE over GMPLS networks,” , Mar. 2008.

K.  Shiomoto, Ed., “Framework for MPLS-TE to GMPLS Migration,” , Mar. 2008.

E.  Mannie, Ed., “Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) architecture,” , Oct. 2004.

S.  Das, G.  Parulkar, N.  McKeown, “Why OpenFlow/SDN can succeed where GMPLS failed,” in Proc. ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.1.

Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, H.  Yang, Y.  Yu, X.  Niu, X.  Lin, “Which is more suitable for the control over large scale optical networks, GMPLS or OpenFlow,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper NTu3F.2.

S.  Das, G.  Parulkar, N.  McKeown, “Packet and circuit network convergence with OpenFlow,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2010, paper OTuG1.

L.  Liu, R.  Casellas, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, R.  Martinez, R.  Muñoz, “Experimental demonstration of an OpenFlow/PCE integrated control plane for IP over translucent WSON with the assistance of a per-request-based dynamic topology server,” in Proc. ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.3.

L.  Liu, R.  Casellas, T.  Tsuritani, I.  Morita, R.  Martínez, R.  Muñoz, “Interworking between OpenFlow and PCE for dynamic wavelength path control in multi-domain WSON,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2012, paper OM3G.2.

M.  Channegowda, P.  Kostecki, N.  Efstathiou, S.  Azodolmolky, R.  Nejabati, P.  Kaczmarek, A.  Autenrieth, J. P.  Elbers, D.  Simeonidou, “Experimental evaluation of extended OpenFlow deployment for high-performance optical networks,” in Proc. ECOC, 2012, paper Tu.1.D.2.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Multi-stratum resources integration for data center application based on multiple OpenFlow controllers cooperation,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper NTu3F.7.

H.  Yang, Y.  Zhao, J.  Zhang, S.  Wang, W.  Gu, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum optimization of application and network resource based on global load balancing strategy in dynamic optical networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2012, paper JTh2A.38.

Y.  Lee, G.  Bernstein, N.  So, T. Y.  Kim, K.  Shiomoto, O.  Gonzalez, “Research proposal for cross stratum optimization (CSO) between data centers and networks,” IETF Internet Draft, 2011 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-lee-cross-stratum-optimization-datacenter-00 .

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “First demonstration of cross stratum resilience for data center services in OpenFlow-based flexi-grid optical networks,” in Proc. ACP, 2012, post-deadline paper AF4C.5.

J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, Y.  Ji, H.  Li, Y.  Lin, G.  Li, J.  Han, Y.  Lee, T.  Ma, “First demonstration of enhanced software defined networking (eSDN) over elastic grid (eGrid) optical networks for data center service migration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2013, paper PDP5B.1.

H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Zhao, H.  Li, S.  Huang, Y.  Ji, J.  Han, Y.  Lin, Y.  Lee, “Cross stratum resilience for OpenFlow-enabled data center interconnected by flexi-grid optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, submitted for publication.

Y.  Zhao, H.  Yang, J.  Zhang, J.  Zhang, Y.  Lin, Y.  Li, “Experimental demonstration of optical as a service (OaaS) based on OpenFlow,” in Proc. OECC, 2012, paper PDP1-4.

http://www.openflow.org/documents/openflow-spec-v1.1.0.pdf .

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Architecture of MSRI for OpenFlow-enabled data center interconnection based on multiple OCs’ cooperation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Functional model and interfaces of MSRI architecture. NRDB, network resource database; MIB, management information base; TED, traffic engineering database

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Extension of OpenFlow protocol for MSRI architecture.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Interworking procedure of MSRI for data center application. RWA, routing and wavelength assignment; APP, application.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental testbed for MSRI. SW, switch.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Wireshark capture of the message sequence for MSRI in (a) IPOC and (b) OOC. (c) The extended flow mod message.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Comparisons of (a) path provisioning latency, (b) path blocking probability, and (c) resource occupation rate among different strategies.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E[t,i|t=τ0,i=i0]=t=tcτ0tci=ic=i0icUi(t)Bi(t)fi(t)/t=tcτ0tci=ici0icfi(t)(1S(t)),t[tcτ0,tc],i[ici0,ic].