Abstract

Frequency division multiplexing/frequency division multi-access passive optical networks are shown to provide a possible solution in terms of performance, manufacturability and cost to the specification of the second next generation passive optical access systems (NG-PON2). The upstream capacity of a particular implementation is experimentally evaluated, and the implementation of the required optical network unit in silicon photonics is analyzed, as this complementary-metal-oxide-semiconductor-compatible technology is well suited for mass market applications.

© 2012 OSA

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  21. N.-N. Feng, S. Liao, D. Feng, P. Dong, D. Zheng, H. Liang, R. Shafiiha, G. Li, J. E. Cunningham, A. V Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “High speed carrier-depletion modulators with 1.4V-cm VπL integrated on 0.25 µm silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 7994–7799, 2010.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

2011 (3)

P. Ossieur, C. Antony, A. Naughton, A. M. Clarke, H. G. Krimmel, X. Yin, X. Z. Qiu, C. Ford, A. Borghesani, D. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, and P. D. Townsend, “Demonstration of a 32 × 512 split, 100 km reach, 2 × 32 × 10 Gb/s hybrid DWDM-TDMA PON using tunable external cavity lasers in the ONUs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, pp. 3705–3718, Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

C. Kopp, S. Bernabé, B. B. Bakir, J. Fedeli, R. Orobtchouk, F. Schrank, H. Porte, L. Zimmermann, and T. Tekin, “Silicon photonic circuits: On-CMOS integration, fiber optical coupling, and packaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 498–509, May/June2011.
[CrossRef]

L. Zimmermann, G. B. Preve, T. Tekin, T. Rosin, and K. Landles, “Packaging and assembly for integrated photonics—A review of the ePIXpack photonics packaging platform,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 645–651, May/June2011.
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “Reflective polarisation independent Mach-Zenhder modulator for FDMA/OFDMA PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 46, no. 25, pp. 1682–1683, 2010.
[CrossRef]

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 307–315, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

N.-N. Feng, S. Liao, D. Feng, P. Dong, D. Zheng, H. Liang, R. Shafiiha, G. Li, J. E. Cunningham, A. V Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “High speed carrier-depletion modulators with 1.4V-cm VπL integrated on 0.25 µm silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 7994–7799, 2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Thomson, F. Y. Gardes, G. T. Reed, F. Milesi, and J.-M. Fedeli, “High speed silicon optical modulator with self aligned fabrication process,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 18, pp. 19064–19069, Aug.2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

A. W. Fang, M. N. Sysak, B. R. Koch, R. Jones, E. Lively, Y.-H. Kuo, L. Di, O. Raday, and J. E. Bowers, “Single-wavelength silicon evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 535–544, 2009.
[CrossRef]

C. Kopp and A. Chelnokov, “Fiber grating couplers for silicon nanophotonic circuits: Design modeling methodology and fabrication tolerances,” Opt. Commun., vol. 282, no. 21, pp. 4242–4248, 2009.
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

L. Liao, A. Liu, J. Basak, H. Nguyen, M. Paniccia, D. Rubin, Y. Chetrit, R. Cohen, and N. Izhaky, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for high speed applications,” Electron. Lett., vol. 43, no. 22, pp. 1196–1197, 2007.
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

G. Roelkens, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient silicon-on-insulator fiber coupler fabricated using 248-nm-deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2613–2615, Dec.2005.
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, “A compact two-dimensional grating coupler used as a polarization splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 1249–1251, 2003.
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Ovadia, “CNR limitations of Er-doped optical fiber amplifiers in AM-VSB video lightwave trunking systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 1152–1154, Aug.1997.
[CrossRef]

Abbott, C.

Abdalla, S.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Ang, K.-W.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 307–315, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

Antony, C.

Asghari, M.

Baets, R.

G. Roelkens, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient silicon-on-insulator fiber coupler fabricated using 248-nm-deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2613–2615, Dec.2005.
[CrossRef]

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, “A compact two-dimensional grating coupler used as a polarization splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 1249–1251, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Bakir, B. B.

C. Kopp, S. Bernabé, B. B. Bakir, J. Fedeli, R. Orobtchouk, F. Schrank, H. Porte, L. Zimmermann, and T. Tekin, “Silicon photonic circuits: On-CMOS integration, fiber optical coupling, and packaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 498–509, May/June2011.
[CrossRef]

Basak, J.

L. Liao, A. Liu, J. Basak, H. Nguyen, M. Paniccia, D. Rubin, Y. Chetrit, R. Cohen, and N. Izhaky, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for high speed applications,” Electron. Lett., vol. 43, no. 22, pp. 1196–1197, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Ben Bakir, B.

B. Ben Bakir, A. Descos, N. Olivier, D. Bordel, P. Grosse, J. L. Gentner, F. Lelarge, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Hybrid Si/III–V lasers with adiabatic coupling,” in 8th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2011, pp. 169–171.

Bernabé, S.

C. Kopp, S. Bernabé, B. B. Bakir, J. Fedeli, R. Orobtchouk, F. Schrank, H. Porte, L. Zimmermann, and T. Tekin, “Silicon photonic circuits: On-CMOS integration, fiber optical coupling, and packaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 498–509, May/June2011.
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

G. Roelkens, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient silicon-on-insulator fiber coupler fabricated using 248-nm-deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2613–2615, Dec.2005.
[CrossRef]

Bordel, D.

B. Ben Bakir, A. Descos, N. Olivier, D. Bordel, P. Grosse, J. L. Gentner, F. Lelarge, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Hybrid Si/III–V lasers with adiabatic coupling,” in 8th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2011, pp. 169–171.

Borel, P. I.

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, “A compact two-dimensional grating coupler used as a polarization splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 1249–1251, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Borghesani, A.

Bowers, J. E.

A. W. Fang, M. N. Sysak, B. R. Koch, R. Jones, E. Lively, Y.-H. Kuo, L. Di, O. Raday, and J. E. Bowers, “Single-wavelength silicon evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 535–544, 2009.
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bowers, H. Park, Y.-h. Kuo, A. W. Fang, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, O. Cohen, and O. Raday, “Silicon evanescent amplifiers,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-optics/Pacific Rim, 2007, FA1_2.

Bradbury, C.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Brochier, N.

B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “Reflective polarisation independent Mach-Zenhder modulator for FDMA/OFDMA PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 46, no. 25, pp. 1682–1683, 2010.
[CrossRef]

B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “(O)FDMA PON over a legacy 30dB ODN,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2011, OTuK1.

Cassan, E.

L. Vivien, A. Polzer, D. Marris-Morini, J. Osmond, J.-M. Hartmann, P. Crozat, E. Cassan, C. Kopp, H. Zimmermann, and J.-M. Fédéli, “Zero-bias 40 Gbit/s germanium waveguide photodetector on silicon,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, pp. 1096–1101, 2012.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ziebell, G. Rasigade, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien, J.-M. Fédéli, F. Milesi, and P. Grosse, “Modulateur optique silicium pour transceiver 10 Gbps,” in Journées Nationales du Réseau Doctoral en Microélectronique, pp. 20110514–20110517, 2011.

Chanclou, P.

B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “Reflective polarisation independent Mach-Zenhder modulator for FDMA/OFDMA PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 46, no. 25, pp. 1682–1683, 2010.
[CrossRef]

B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “(O)FDMA PON over a legacy 30dB ODN,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2011, OTuK1.

Charbonnier, B.

B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “Reflective polarisation independent Mach-Zenhder modulator for FDMA/OFDMA PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 46, no. 25, pp. 1682–1683, 2010.
[CrossRef]

B. Charbonnier, A. Lebreton, S. Straullu, V. Ferrero, A. Sanna, and R. Gaudino, “Self-coherent single wavelength SC-FDMA PON uplink for NG-PON2,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OW4B.4.

B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “(O)FDMA PON over a legacy 30dB ODN,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2011, OTuK1.

Chelnokov, A.

C. Kopp and A. Chelnokov, “Fiber grating couplers for silicon nanophotonic circuits: Design modeling methodology and fabrication tolerances,” Opt. Commun., vol. 282, no. 21, pp. 4242–4248, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Chetrit, Y.

L. Liao, A. Liu, J. Basak, H. Nguyen, M. Paniccia, D. Rubin, Y. Chetrit, R. Cohen, and N. Izhaky, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for high speed applications,” Electron. Lett., vol. 43, no. 22, pp. 1196–1197, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Chong, H.

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, “A compact two-dimensional grating coupler used as a polarization splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 1249–1251, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Clark, A.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Clarke, A. M.

Clymore, J.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Cohen, O.

J. E. Bowers, H. Park, Y.-h. Kuo, A. W. Fang, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, O. Cohen, and O. Raday, “Silicon evanescent amplifiers,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-optics/Pacific Rim, 2007, FA1_2.

Cohen, R.

L. Liao, A. Liu, J. Basak, H. Nguyen, M. Paniccia, D. Rubin, Y. Chetrit, R. Cohen, and N. Izhaky, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for high speed applications,” Electron. Lett., vol. 43, no. 22, pp. 1196–1197, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Coyne, J.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Crozat, P.

Cunningham, J. E.

Cvijetic, M.

Cvijetic, N.

Dahl, A.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Dan, S.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Davey, R. P.

de Betou, E. I.

De Dobbelaere, P.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

De La Rue, R. M.

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, “A compact two-dimensional grating coupler used as a polarization splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 1249–1251, 2003.
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Descos, A.

B. Ben Bakir, A. Descos, N. Olivier, D. Bordel, P. Grosse, J. L. Gentner, F. Lelarge, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Hybrid Si/III–V lasers with adiabatic coupling,” in 8th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2011, pp. 169–171.

Di, L.

A. W. Fang, M. N. Sysak, B. R. Koch, R. Jones, E. Lively, Y.-H. Kuo, L. Di, O. Raday, and J. E. Bowers, “Single-wavelength silicon evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 535–544, 2009.
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Dong, P.

Dumon, P.

G. Roelkens, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient silicon-on-insulator fiber coupler fabricated using 248-nm-deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2613–2615, Dec.2005.
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Fang, A. W.

A. W. Fang, M. N. Sysak, B. R. Koch, R. Jones, E. Lively, Y.-H. Kuo, L. Di, O. Raday, and J. E. Bowers, “Single-wavelength silicon evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 535–544, 2009.
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bowers, H. Park, Y.-h. Kuo, A. W. Fang, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, O. Cohen, and O. Raday, “Silicon evanescent amplifiers,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-optics/Pacific Rim, 2007, FA1_2.

Fang, Q.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 307–315, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J.

C. Kopp, S. Bernabé, B. B. Bakir, J. Fedeli, R. Orobtchouk, F. Schrank, H. Porte, L. Zimmermann, and T. Tekin, “Silicon photonic circuits: On-CMOS integration, fiber optical coupling, and packaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 498–509, May/June2011.
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J.-M.

D. J. Thomson, F. Y. Gardes, G. T. Reed, F. Milesi, and J.-M. Fedeli, “High speed silicon optical modulator with self aligned fabrication process,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 18, pp. 19064–19069, Aug.2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Ben Bakir, A. Descos, N. Olivier, D. Bordel, P. Grosse, J. L. Gentner, F. Lelarge, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Hybrid Si/III–V lasers with adiabatic coupling,” in 8th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2011, pp. 169–171.

Fédéli, J.-M.

L. Vivien, A. Polzer, D. Marris-Morini, J. Osmond, J.-M. Hartmann, P. Crozat, E. Cassan, C. Kopp, H. Zimmermann, and J.-M. Fédéli, “Zero-bias 40 Gbit/s germanium waveguide photodetector on silicon,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, pp. 1096–1101, 2012.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ziebell, G. Rasigade, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien, J.-M. Fédéli, F. Milesi, and P. Grosse, “Modulateur optique silicium pour transceiver 10 Gbps,” in Journées Nationales du Réseau Doctoral en Microélectronique, pp. 20110514–20110517, 2011.

Feng, D.

Feng, N.-N.

Ferrero, V.

B. Charbonnier, A. Lebreton, S. Straullu, V. Ferrero, A. Sanna, and R. Gaudino, “Self-coherent single wavelength SC-FDMA PON uplink for NG-PON2,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OW4B.4.

Fletcher, R.

Ford, C.

Frandsen, L. H.

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, “A compact two-dimensional grating coupler used as a polarization splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 1249–1251, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Gardes, F. Y.

Gaudino, R.

B. Charbonnier, A. Lebreton, S. Straullu, V. Ferrero, A. Sanna, and R. Gaudino, “Self-coherent single wavelength SC-FDMA PON uplink for NG-PON2,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OW4B.4.

Gentner, J. L.

B. Ben Bakir, A. Descos, N. Olivier, D. Bordel, P. Grosse, J. L. Gentner, F. Lelarge, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Hybrid Si/III–V lasers with adiabatic coupling,” in 8th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2011, pp. 169–171.

Gibbon, T. B.

Gloeckner, S.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Goobar, E.

Grosse, P.

M. Ziebell, G. Rasigade, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien, J.-M. Fédéli, F. Milesi, and P. Grosse, “Modulateur optique silicium pour transceiver 10 Gbps,” in Journées Nationales du Réseau Doctoral en Microélectronique, pp. 20110514–20110517, 2011.

B. Ben Bakir, A. Descos, N. Olivier, D. Bordel, P. Grosse, J. L. Gentner, F. Lelarge, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Hybrid Si/III–V lasers with adiabatic coupling,” in 8th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2011, pp. 169–171.

Gruenberg, A.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Guckenberger, D.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Gutierrez, S.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Harmon, B.

Harrison, M.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Harstead, E.

E. Harstead, “Future bandwidth demand favors TDM PON, not WDM PON,” in Nat. Fiber Optics Engineers Conf., 2011, NTuB7.

Hartmann, J.-M.

Huang, M.-F.

Huang, Y.-K.

Hviid, E.

Ip, E.

Izhaky, N.

L. Liao, A. Liu, J. Basak, H. Nguyen, M. Paniccia, D. Rubin, Y. Chetrit, R. Cohen, and N. Izhaky, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for high speed applications,” Electron. Lett., vol. 43, no. 22, pp. 1196–1197, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

A. W. Fang, M. N. Sysak, B. R. Koch, R. Jones, E. Lively, Y.-H. Kuo, L. Di, O. Raday, and J. E. Bowers, “Single-wavelength silicon evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 535–544, 2009.
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bowers, H. Park, Y.-h. Kuo, A. W. Fang, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, O. Cohen, and O. Raday, “Silicon evanescent amplifiers,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-optics/Pacific Rim, 2007, FA1_2.

Koch, B. R.

A. W. Fang, M. N. Sysak, B. R. Koch, R. Jones, E. Lively, Y.-H. Kuo, L. Di, O. Raday, and J. E. Bowers, “Single-wavelength silicon evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 535–544, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Kopp, C.

L. Vivien, A. Polzer, D. Marris-Morini, J. Osmond, J.-M. Hartmann, P. Crozat, E. Cassan, C. Kopp, H. Zimmermann, and J.-M. Fédéli, “Zero-bias 40 Gbit/s germanium waveguide photodetector on silicon,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, pp. 1096–1101, 2012.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Kopp, S. Bernabé, B. B. Bakir, J. Fedeli, R. Orobtchouk, F. Schrank, H. Porte, L. Zimmermann, and T. Tekin, “Silicon photonic circuits: On-CMOS integration, fiber optical coupling, and packaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 498–509, May/June2011.
[CrossRef]

C. Kopp and A. Chelnokov, “Fiber grating couplers for silicon nanophotonic circuits: Design modeling methodology and fabrication tolerances,” Opt. Commun., vol. 282, no. 21, pp. 4242–4248, 2009.
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Krimmel, H. G.

Krishnamoorthy, A. V

Kucharski, D.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Kuo, Y.-H.

A. W. Fang, M. N. Sysak, B. R. Koch, R. Jones, E. Lively, Y.-H. Kuo, L. Di, O. Raday, and J. E. Bowers, “Single-wavelength silicon evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 535–544, 2009.
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bowers, H. Park, Y.-h. Kuo, A. W. Fang, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, O. Cohen, and O. Raday, “Silicon evanescent amplifiers,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-optics/Pacific Rim, 2007, FA1_2.

Kwong, D.-L.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 307–315, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

Landles, K.

L. Zimmermann, G. B. Preve, T. Tekin, T. Rosin, and K. Landles, “Packaging and assembly for integrated photonics—A review of the ePIXpack photonics packaging platform,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 645–651, May/June2011.
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Lealman, I.

Leap, K.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

LeBlanc, R.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Lebreton, A.

B. Charbonnier, A. Lebreton, S. Straullu, V. Ferrero, A. Sanna, and R. Gaudino, “Self-coherent single wavelength SC-FDMA PON uplink for NG-PON2,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OW4B.4.

Lelarge, F.

B. Ben Bakir, A. Descos, N. Olivier, D. Bordel, P. Grosse, J. L. Gentner, F. Lelarge, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Hybrid Si/III–V lasers with adiabatic coupling,” in 8th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2011, pp. 169–171.

Li, G.

Liang, H.

Liao, L.

L. Liao, A. Liu, J. Basak, H. Nguyen, M. Paniccia, D. Rubin, Y. Chetrit, R. Cohen, and N. Izhaky, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for high speed applications,” Electron. Lett., vol. 43, no. 22, pp. 1196–1197, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Liao, S.

Liow, T.-Y.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 307–315, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

Liu, A.

L. Liao, A. Liu, J. Basak, H. Nguyen, M. Paniccia, D. Rubin, Y. Chetrit, R. Cohen, and N. Izhaky, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for high speed applications,” Electron. Lett., vol. 43, no. 22, pp. 1196–1197, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Lively, E.

A. W. Fang, M. N. Sysak, B. R. Koch, R. Jones, E. Lively, Y.-H. Kuo, L. Di, O. Raday, and J. E. Bowers, “Single-wavelength silicon evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 535–544, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Lo, G.-Q.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 307–315, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

Mack, M.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Marris-Morini, D.

L. Vivien, A. Polzer, D. Marris-Morini, J. Osmond, J.-M. Hartmann, P. Crozat, E. Cassan, C. Kopp, H. Zimmermann, and J.-M. Fédéli, “Zero-bias 40 Gbit/s germanium waveguide photodetector on silicon,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, pp. 1096–1101, 2012.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ziebell, G. Rasigade, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien, J.-M. Fédéli, F. Milesi, and P. Grosse, “Modulateur optique silicium pour transceiver 10 Gbps,” in Journées Nationales du Réseau Doctoral en Microélectronique, pp. 20110514–20110517, 2011.

Martinez, D.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Masini, G.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Maxwell, G.

Mekis, A.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Menigoz, R.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Mikkelsen, C. I.

Milesi, F.

D. J. Thomson, F. Y. Gardes, G. T. Reed, F. Milesi, and J.-M. Fedeli, “High speed silicon optical modulator with self aligned fabrication process,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 18, pp. 19064–19069, Aug.2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ziebell, G. Rasigade, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien, J.-M. Fédéli, F. Milesi, and P. Grosse, “Modulateur optique silicium pour transceiver 10 Gbps,” in Journées Nationales du Réseau Doctoral en Microélectronique, pp. 20110514–20110517, 2011.

Monroy, I. T.

Moodie, D.

Narasimha, A.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Naughton, A.

Nesset, D.

Neumeyr, C.

Nguyen, H.

L. Liao, A. Liu, J. Basak, H. Nguyen, M. Paniccia, D. Rubin, Y. Chetrit, R. Cohen, and N. Izhaky, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for high speed applications,” Electron. Lett., vol. 43, no. 22, pp. 1196–1197, 2007.
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, P.

B. Snyder and P. O’Brien, “Planar fiber packaging method for silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OM2E.5.

Ogden, C.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Öhlén, P.

Olivier, N.

B. Ben Bakir, A. Descos, N. Olivier, D. Bordel, P. Grosse, J. L. Gentner, F. Lelarge, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Hybrid Si/III–V lasers with adiabatic coupling,” in 8th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 2011, pp. 169–171.

Olsson, J.

Orobtchouk, R.

C. Kopp, S. Bernabé, B. B. Bakir, J. Fedeli, R. Orobtchouk, F. Schrank, H. Porte, L. Zimmermann, and T. Tekin, “Silicon photonic circuits: On-CMOS integration, fiber optical coupling, and packaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 498–509, May/June2011.
[CrossRef]

Ortsiefer, M.

Osmond, J.

Ossieur, P.

Ovadia, S.

S. Ovadia, “CNR limitations of Er-doped optical fiber amplifiers in AM-VSB video lightwave trunking systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 1152–1154, Aug.1997.
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M.

L. Liao, A. Liu, J. Basak, H. Nguyen, M. Paniccia, D. Rubin, Y. Chetrit, R. Cohen, and N. Izhaky, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for high speed applications,” Electron. Lett., vol. 43, no. 22, pp. 1196–1197, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M. J.

J. E. Bowers, H. Park, Y.-h. Kuo, A. W. Fang, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, O. Cohen, and O. Raday, “Silicon evanescent amplifiers,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-optics/Pacific Rim, 2007, FA1_2.

Park, H.

J. E. Bowers, H. Park, Y.-h. Kuo, A. W. Fang, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, O. Cohen, and O. Raday, “Silicon evanescent amplifiers,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-optics/Pacific Rim, 2007, FA1_2.

Peterson, M.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Pinguet, T.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Plappert, N.

Polzer, A.

Porte, H.

C. Kopp, S. Bernabé, B. B. Bakir, J. Fedeli, R. Orobtchouk, F. Schrank, H. Porte, L. Zimmermann, and T. Tekin, “Silicon photonic circuits: On-CMOS integration, fiber optical coupling, and packaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 498–509, May/June2011.
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Poustie, A.

Preve, G. B.

L. Zimmermann, G. B. Preve, T. Tekin, T. Rosin, and K. Landles, “Packaging and assembly for integrated photonics—A review of the ePIXpack photonics packaging platform,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 645–651, May/June2011.
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Prince, K.

Qiu, X. Z.

Raday, O.

A. W. Fang, M. N. Sysak, B. R. Koch, R. Jones, E. Lively, Y.-H. Kuo, L. Di, O. Raday, and J. E. Bowers, “Single-wavelength silicon evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 535–544, 2009.
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bowers, H. Park, Y.-h. Kuo, A. W. Fang, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, O. Cohen, and O. Raday, “Silicon evanescent amplifiers,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-optics/Pacific Rim, 2007, FA1_2.

Rasigade, G.

M. Ziebell, G. Rasigade, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien, J.-M. Fédéli, F. Milesi, and P. Grosse, “Modulateur optique silicium pour transceiver 10 Gbps,” in Journées Nationales du Réseau Doctoral en Microélectronique, pp. 20110514–20110517, 2011.

Rask, M.

Redman, J.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Reed, G. T.

Rodes, R.

Rodriguez, J.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Roelkens, G.

G. Roelkens, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient silicon-on-insulator fiber coupler fabricated using 248-nm-deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2613–2615, Dec.2005.
[CrossRef]

Rogers, D.

Rohde, H.

Rönneberg, E.

Rosin, T.

L. Zimmermann, G. B. Preve, T. Tekin, T. Rosin, and K. Landles, “Packaging and assembly for integrated photonics—A review of the ePIXpack photonics packaging platform,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 645–651, May/June2011.
[CrossRef]

Rosskopf, J.

Rubin, D.

L. Liao, A. Liu, J. Basak, H. Nguyen, M. Paniccia, D. Rubin, Y. Chetrit, R. Cohen, and N. Izhaky, “40 Gbit/s silicon optical modulator for high speed applications,” Electron. Lett., vol. 43, no. 22, pp. 1196–1197, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Sahni, S.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Sanna, A.

B. Charbonnier, A. Lebreton, S. Straullu, V. Ferrero, A. Sanna, and R. Gaudino, “Self-coherent single wavelength SC-FDMA PON uplink for NG-PON2,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OW4B.4.

Schrank, F.

C. Kopp, S. Bernabé, B. B. Bakir, J. Fedeli, R. Orobtchouk, F. Schrank, H. Porte, L. Zimmermann, and T. Tekin, “Silicon photonic circuits: On-CMOS integration, fiber optical coupling, and packaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 498–509, May/June2011.
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Shafiiha, R.

Sharp, M.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Sleboda, T. J.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Smith, D. W.

Smolorz, S.

Snyder, B.

B. Snyder and P. O’Brien, “Planar fiber packaging method for silicon photonic integrated circuits,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OM2E.5.

Song, J.-F.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 307–315, Feb.2010.
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Stoltz, B.

Straullu, S.

B. Charbonnier, A. Lebreton, S. Straullu, V. Ferrero, A. Sanna, and R. Gaudino, “Self-coherent single wavelength SC-FDMA PON uplink for NG-PON2,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OW4B.4.

Sysak, M. N.

A. W. Fang, M. N. Sysak, B. R. Koch, R. Jones, E. Lively, Y.-H. Kuo, L. Di, O. Raday, and J. E. Bowers, “Single-wavelength silicon evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 535–544, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Taillaert, D.

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, “A compact two-dimensional grating coupler used as a polarization splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 1249–1251, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Tekin, T.

C. Kopp, S. Bernabé, B. B. Bakir, J. Fedeli, R. Orobtchouk, F. Schrank, H. Porte, L. Zimmermann, and T. Tekin, “Silicon photonic circuits: On-CMOS integration, fiber optical coupling, and packaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 498–509, May/June2011.
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L. Zimmermann, G. B. Preve, T. Tekin, T. Rosin, and K. Landles, “Packaging and assembly for integrated photonics—A review of the ePIXpack photonics packaging platform,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 645–651, May/June2011.
[CrossRef]

Thomson, D. J.

Townsend, P. D.

Van Thourhout, D.

G. Roelkens, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient silicon-on-insulator fiber coupler fabricated using 248-nm-deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2613–2615, Dec.2005.
[CrossRef]

Vivien, L.

L. Vivien, A. Polzer, D. Marris-Morini, J. Osmond, J.-M. Hartmann, P. Crozat, E. Cassan, C. Kopp, H. Zimmermann, and J.-M. Fédéli, “Zero-bias 40 Gbit/s germanium waveguide photodetector on silicon,” Opt. Express, vol. 20, pp. 1096–1101, 2012.
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Vollrath, G.

Wang, T.

Wang, Y.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Welch, B.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Witzens, J.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Wyatt, R.

Xiong, Y.-Z.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 307–315, Feb.2010.
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Xu, W.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Yi, L.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Yin, X.

Yokoyama, K.

A. Narasimha, S. Abdalla, C. Bradbury, A. Clark, J. Clymore, J. Coyne, A. Dahl, S. Gloeckner, A. Gruenberg, D. Guckenberger, S. Gutierrez, M. Harrison, D. Kucharski, K. Leap, R. LeBlanc, L. Yi, M. Mack, D. Martinez, G. Masini, A. Mekis, R. Menigoz, C. Ogden, M. Peterson, T. Pinguet, J. Redman, J. Rodriguez, S. Sahni, M. Sharp, T. J. Sleboda, S. Dan, Y. Wang, B. Welch, J. Witzens, W. Xu, K. Yokoyama, and P. De Dobbelaere, “An ultra low power CMOS photonics technology platform for H/S optoelectronic transceivers at less than $1 per Gbps,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OMV4.

Yu, M.-B.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 307–315, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

Zheng, D.

Ziebell, M.

M. Ziebell, G. Rasigade, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien, J.-M. Fédéli, F. Milesi, and P. Grosse, “Modulateur optique silicium pour transceiver 10 Gbps,” in Journées Nationales du Réseau Doctoral en Microélectronique, pp. 20110514–20110517, 2011.

Zimmermann, H.

Zimmermann, L.

C. Kopp, S. Bernabé, B. B. Bakir, J. Fedeli, R. Orobtchouk, F. Schrank, H. Porte, L. Zimmermann, and T. Tekin, “Silicon photonic circuits: On-CMOS integration, fiber optical coupling, and packaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 498–509, May/June2011.
[CrossRef]

L. Zimmermann, G. B. Preve, T. Tekin, T. Rosin, and K. Landles, “Packaging and assembly for integrated photonics—A review of the ePIXpack photonics packaging platform,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 645–651, May/June2011.
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B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “Reflective polarisation independent Mach-Zenhder modulator for FDMA/OFDMA PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 46, no. 25, pp. 1682–1683, 2010.
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[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (4)

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: Monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 307–315, Feb.2010.
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L. Zimmermann, G. B. Preve, T. Tekin, T. Rosin, and K. Landles, “Packaging and assembly for integrated photonics—A review of the ePIXpack photonics packaging platform,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 645–651, May/June2011.
[CrossRef]

A. W. Fang, M. N. Sysak, B. R. Koch, R. Jones, E. Lively, Y.-H. Kuo, L. Di, O. Raday, and J. E. Bowers, “Single-wavelength silicon evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 535–544, 2009.
[CrossRef]

C. Kopp, S. Bernabé, B. B. Bakir, J. Fedeli, R. Orobtchouk, F. Schrank, H. Porte, L. Zimmermann, and T. Tekin, “Silicon photonic circuits: On-CMOS integration, fiber optical coupling, and packaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 498–509, May/June2011.
[CrossRef]

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G. Roelkens, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient silicon-on-insulator fiber coupler fabricated using 248-nm-deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2613–2615, Dec.2005.
[CrossRef]

D. Taillaert, H. Chong, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, “A compact two-dimensional grating coupler used as a polarization splitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 1249–1251, 2003.
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S. Ovadia, “CNR limitations of Er-doped optical fiber amplifiers in AM-VSB video lightwave trunking systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 1152–1154, Aug.1997.
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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Central office architecture. PMF: polarization maintaining fiber. The other acronyms are explained in the text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

ONU architecture. The acronyms are explained in the text.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

ONU RF transceiver. AAF: anti-aliasing filter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Left: random distribution of the optical budget seen by 1000 typical PON users. Right: capacity aggregated on one DS wavelength for each individual random choice of optical budget.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Experimental US setup. The acronyms are explained in the text.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical components used in the ONU proof of concept. ABC: automatic bias control. The other acronyms are explained in the text.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) Contour plots of the BER versus fLO and optical budget for different QAM levels (m) and two data rates (1 Gbps and 500 MS/s). 1 Gbps BPSK modulation is not possible with a 500 MS/s DAC.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Left: random distribution of the optical budget seen by 1000 typical PON users. Right: capacity aggregated on one US wavelength for each individual random choice of optical budget.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) ONU transmitter silicon structure.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(Color online) Planar grating couplers on silicon wafer (top left) and coupling to submicron silicon waveguides using angle mounted optical fibers (top right) and planar polished fibers (bottom). Both coupling techniques can be applied to single fibers and fiber arrays.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(Color online) Tunable WDM ring filter with its Ti/TiN heater.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

(Color online) SOI wafers with bonded III–V dies or wafers.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

SEM image of a hybrid structure.

Tables (3)

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Table I Parameters for Downstream Performance Evaluation

Tables Icon

Table II Parameters for the ONU Optical Components

Tables Icon

Table III Silicon MZM State of the Art

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

OMITOTAL=i=1NOMIi22,
CNRLASER=OMI22RINBW,
CNREDFA=OMI2PIN4hϑBWNF,
CNRSHOT=OMI2ρPPIN4qBW,
CNRTIA=OMI2ρ2PPIN22IN2BW,
1CNRTOTAL=1CNRLASER+1CNREDFA+1CNRSHOT+1CNRTIA.