Abstract

This paper investigates the problem of protecting multicast sessions in optical networks utilizing a novel segment-based protection heuristic algorithm called LP (level protection). The proposed scheme exhibits improved performance in terms of blocking probability compared to other traditional segment-based multicast protection schemes, especially when sharing techniques are also utilized. Furthermore, when physical layer impairments are also taken into account for the calculation of the working and protection light-trees, it is shown that the LP technique presents significant improvement in performance compared to the other commonly used protection techniques.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. H. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Mukherjee, “Multicast routing algorithms and protocols: A tutorial,” IEEE Network, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 90–102, 2000.
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. K. Singhal, L. H. Sahasrabuddhe, and B. Mukherjee, “Provisioning of survivable multicast sessions against single link failures in optical WDM mesh networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2587–2594, 2003.
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Sun, J. Gu, and D. H. K. Tsang, “Multicast routing in all-optical wavelength-routed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 101–109, 2001.
  4. T. Panayiotou, G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, and A. Hadjiantonis, “A novel segment-based protection algorithm for multicast sessions in optical networks with mesh topologies,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, OWAA4.
  5. A. Fei, J. Cui, M. Gerla, and D. Cavendish, “A dual-tree scheme for fault-tolerant multicast,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), 2001, vol. 3, pp. 690–694.
  6. H. Luo, L. Li, and H. Yu, “Algorithm for protecting light-trees in survivable mesh wavelength-division-multiplexing networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 1071–1083, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Wang, L. Guo, L. Pang, J. Du, and F. Jin, “Segment protection algorithm with load balancing for multicasting WDM mesh networks,” in Proc. 10th Int. Conf. on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT), 2008, vol. 3, pp. 2013–2016.
  8. G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast routing algorithms based on Q-factor physical-layer constraints in metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 365–367, 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems. Wiley, 2002.
  10. N. Antoniades, A. Boskovic, I. Tomkos, N. Madamopoulos, M. Lee, I. Roudas, D. Pastel, M. Sharma, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Performance engineering and topological design of metro WDM optical networks using computer simulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 149–165, 2002.
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Downie and A. Ruffin, “Analysis of signal distortion and crosstalk penalties induced by optical filters in optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1876–1886, 2003.
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. Madamopoulos, D. C. Friedman, I. Tomkos, and A. Boskovic, “Study of the performance of a transparent and reconfigurable metropolitan area network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 937–945, 2002.
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Politi, V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, “Physical layer impairment aware routing algorithms based on analytically calculated Q-factor,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2006, OFG1.
  14. T. Panayiotou, G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, and A. M. Levine, “Designing and engineering metropolitan area transparent optical networks for the provisioning of multicast sessions,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2010, JThA47.
  15. E. Bouillet, G. Ellinas, J.-F. Labourdette, and R. Ramamurthy, Path Routing in Mesh Optical Networks. Wiley-Interscience, 2007.
  16. P.-H. Ho, “State-of-the-art progress in developing survivable routing schemes in mesh WDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 2–16, 2004.
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Bharath-Kumar and J. Jaffe, “Routing to multiple destinations in computer networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 343–351, 1983.
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. Rahman and G. Ellinas, “Protection of multicast sessions in WDM mesh optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2005, OTuK5.
  19. N. K. Singhal, C. Ou, and B. Mukherjee, “Cross-sharing vs. self-sharing trees for protecting multicast sessions in mesh networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 200–206, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. C. Prim, “Shortest connection networks and some generalizations,” Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 36, pp. 1389–1401, 1957.

2009 (1)

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast routing algorithms based on Q-factor physical-layer constraints in metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 365–367, 2009.
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

H. Luo, L. Li, and H. Yu, “Algorithm for protecting light-trees in survivable mesh wavelength-division-multiplexing networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 1071–1083, 2006.
[CrossRef]

N. K. Singhal, C. Ou, and B. Mukherjee, “Cross-sharing vs. self-sharing trees for protecting multicast sessions in mesh networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 200–206, 2006.
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

P.-H. Ho, “State-of-the-art progress in developing survivable routing schemes in mesh WDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 2–16, 2004.
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

2002 (2)

N. Madamopoulos, D. C. Friedman, I. Tomkos, and A. Boskovic, “Study of the performance of a transparent and reconfigurable metropolitan area network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 937–945, 2002.
[CrossRef]

N. Antoniades, A. Boskovic, I. Tomkos, N. Madamopoulos, M. Lee, I. Roudas, D. Pastel, M. Sharma, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Performance engineering and topological design of metro WDM optical networks using computer simulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 149–165, 2002.
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Y. Sun, J. Gu, and D. H. K. Tsang, “Multicast routing in all-optical wavelength-routed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 101–109, 2001.

2000 (1)

L. H. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Mukherjee, “Multicast routing algorithms and protocols: A tutorial,” IEEE Network, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 90–102, 2000.
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

K. Bharath-Kumar and J. Jaffe, “Routing to multiple destinations in computer networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 343–351, 1983.
[CrossRef]

1957 (1)

R. C. Prim, “Shortest connection networks and some generalizations,” Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 36, pp. 1389–1401, 1957.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems. Wiley, 2002.

Anagnostopoulos, V.

C. Politi, V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, “Physical layer impairment aware routing algorithms based on analytically calculated Q-factor,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2006, OFG1.

Antoniades, N.

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast routing algorithms based on Q-factor physical-layer constraints in metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 365–367, 2009.
[CrossRef]

N. Antoniades, A. Boskovic, I. Tomkos, N. Madamopoulos, M. Lee, I. Roudas, D. Pastel, M. Sharma, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Performance engineering and topological design of metro WDM optical networks using computer simulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 149–165, 2002.
[CrossRef]

T. Panayiotou, G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, and A. Hadjiantonis, “A novel segment-based protection algorithm for multicast sessions in optical networks with mesh topologies,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, OWAA4.

T. Panayiotou, G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, and A. M. Levine, “Designing and engineering metropolitan area transparent optical networks for the provisioning of multicast sessions,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2010, JThA47.

Bharath-Kumar, K.

K. Bharath-Kumar and J. Jaffe, “Routing to multiple destinations in computer networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 343–351, 1983.
[CrossRef]

Boskovic, A.

N. Madamopoulos, D. C. Friedman, I. Tomkos, and A. Boskovic, “Study of the performance of a transparent and reconfigurable metropolitan area network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 937–945, 2002.
[CrossRef]

N. Antoniades, A. Boskovic, I. Tomkos, N. Madamopoulos, M. Lee, I. Roudas, D. Pastel, M. Sharma, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Performance engineering and topological design of metro WDM optical networks using computer simulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 149–165, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Bouillet, E.

E. Bouillet, G. Ellinas, J.-F. Labourdette, and R. Ramamurthy, Path Routing in Mesh Optical Networks. Wiley-Interscience, 2007.

Cavendish, D.

A. Fei, J. Cui, M. Gerla, and D. Cavendish, “A dual-tree scheme for fault-tolerant multicast,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), 2001, vol. 3, pp. 690–694.

Cui, J.

A. Fei, J. Cui, M. Gerla, and D. Cavendish, “A dual-tree scheme for fault-tolerant multicast,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), 2001, vol. 3, pp. 690–694.

Downie, J.

Du, J.

X. Wang, L. Guo, L. Pang, J. Du, and F. Jin, “Segment protection algorithm with load balancing for multicasting WDM mesh networks,” in Proc. 10th Int. Conf. on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT), 2008, vol. 3, pp. 2013–2016.

Ellinas, G.

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast routing algorithms based on Q-factor physical-layer constraints in metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 365–367, 2009.
[CrossRef]

E. Bouillet, G. Ellinas, J.-F. Labourdette, and R. Ramamurthy, Path Routing in Mesh Optical Networks. Wiley-Interscience, 2007.

T. Panayiotou, G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, and A. M. Levine, “Designing and engineering metropolitan area transparent optical networks for the provisioning of multicast sessions,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2010, JThA47.

T. Rahman and G. Ellinas, “Protection of multicast sessions in WDM mesh optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2005, OTuK5.

T. Panayiotou, G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, and A. Hadjiantonis, “A novel segment-based protection algorithm for multicast sessions in optical networks with mesh topologies,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, OWAA4.

Fei, A.

A. Fei, J. Cui, M. Gerla, and D. Cavendish, “A dual-tree scheme for fault-tolerant multicast,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), 2001, vol. 3, pp. 690–694.

Friedman, D. C.

Gerla, M.

A. Fei, J. Cui, M. Gerla, and D. Cavendish, “A dual-tree scheme for fault-tolerant multicast,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), 2001, vol. 3, pp. 690–694.

Gu, J.

Y. Sun, J. Gu, and D. H. K. Tsang, “Multicast routing in all-optical wavelength-routed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 101–109, 2001.

Guo, L.

X. Wang, L. Guo, L. Pang, J. Du, and F. Jin, “Segment protection algorithm with load balancing for multicasting WDM mesh networks,” in Proc. 10th Int. Conf. on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT), 2008, vol. 3, pp. 2013–2016.

Hadjiantonis, A.

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast routing algorithms based on Q-factor physical-layer constraints in metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 365–367, 2009.
[CrossRef]

T. Panayiotou, G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, and A. Hadjiantonis, “A novel segment-based protection algorithm for multicast sessions in optical networks with mesh topologies,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, OWAA4.

Ho, P.-H.

P.-H. Ho, “State-of-the-art progress in developing survivable routing schemes in mesh WDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 2–16, 2004.
[CrossRef]

Jaffe, J.

K. Bharath-Kumar and J. Jaffe, “Routing to multiple destinations in computer networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 343–351, 1983.
[CrossRef]

Jin, F.

X. Wang, L. Guo, L. Pang, J. Du, and F. Jin, “Segment protection algorithm with load balancing for multicasting WDM mesh networks,” in Proc. 10th Int. Conf. on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT), 2008, vol. 3, pp. 2013–2016.

Labourdette, J.-F.

E. Bouillet, G. Ellinas, J.-F. Labourdette, and R. Ramamurthy, Path Routing in Mesh Optical Networks. Wiley-Interscience, 2007.

Lee, M.

N. Antoniades, A. Boskovic, I. Tomkos, N. Madamopoulos, M. Lee, I. Roudas, D. Pastel, M. Sharma, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Performance engineering and topological design of metro WDM optical networks using computer simulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 149–165, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Levine, A. M.

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast routing algorithms based on Q-factor physical-layer constraints in metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 365–367, 2009.
[CrossRef]

T. Panayiotou, G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, and A. M. Levine, “Designing and engineering metropolitan area transparent optical networks for the provisioning of multicast sessions,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2010, JThA47.

Li, L.

Luo, H.

Madamopoulos, N.

N. Antoniades, A. Boskovic, I. Tomkos, N. Madamopoulos, M. Lee, I. Roudas, D. Pastel, M. Sharma, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Performance engineering and topological design of metro WDM optical networks using computer simulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 149–165, 2002.
[CrossRef]

N. Madamopoulos, D. C. Friedman, I. Tomkos, and A. Boskovic, “Study of the performance of a transparent and reconfigurable metropolitan area network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 937–945, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Matrakidis, C.

C. Politi, V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, “Physical layer impairment aware routing algorithms based on analytically calculated Q-factor,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2006, OFG1.

Mukherjee, B.

N. K. Singhal, C. Ou, and B. Mukherjee, “Cross-sharing vs. self-sharing trees for protecting multicast sessions in mesh networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 200–206, 2006.
[CrossRef]

N. K. Singhal, L. H. Sahasrabuddhe, and B. Mukherjee, “Provisioning of survivable multicast sessions against single link failures in optical WDM mesh networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2587–2594, 2003.
[CrossRef]

L. H. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Mukherjee, “Multicast routing algorithms and protocols: A tutorial,” IEEE Network, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 90–102, 2000.
[CrossRef]

Ou, C.

N. K. Singhal, C. Ou, and B. Mukherjee, “Cross-sharing vs. self-sharing trees for protecting multicast sessions in mesh networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 200–206, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Panayiotou, T.

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast routing algorithms based on Q-factor physical-layer constraints in metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 365–367, 2009.
[CrossRef]

T. Panayiotou, G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, and A. Hadjiantonis, “A novel segment-based protection algorithm for multicast sessions in optical networks with mesh topologies,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, OWAA4.

T. Panayiotou, G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, and A. M. Levine, “Designing and engineering metropolitan area transparent optical networks for the provisioning of multicast sessions,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2010, JThA47.

Pang, L.

X. Wang, L. Guo, L. Pang, J. Du, and F. Jin, “Segment protection algorithm with load balancing for multicasting WDM mesh networks,” in Proc. 10th Int. Conf. on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT), 2008, vol. 3, pp. 2013–2016.

Pastel, D.

N. Antoniades, A. Boskovic, I. Tomkos, N. Madamopoulos, M. Lee, I. Roudas, D. Pastel, M. Sharma, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Performance engineering and topological design of metro WDM optical networks using computer simulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 149–165, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Politi, C.

C. Politi, V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, “Physical layer impairment aware routing algorithms based on analytically calculated Q-factor,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2006, OFG1.

Prim, R. C.

R. C. Prim, “Shortest connection networks and some generalizations,” Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 36, pp. 1389–1401, 1957.

Rahman, T.

T. Rahman and G. Ellinas, “Protection of multicast sessions in WDM mesh optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2005, OTuK5.

Ramamurthy, R.

E. Bouillet, G. Ellinas, J.-F. Labourdette, and R. Ramamurthy, Path Routing in Mesh Optical Networks. Wiley-Interscience, 2007.

Roudas, I.

N. Antoniades, A. Boskovic, I. Tomkos, N. Madamopoulos, M. Lee, I. Roudas, D. Pastel, M. Sharma, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Performance engineering and topological design of metro WDM optical networks using computer simulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 149–165, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Ruffin, A.

Sahasrabuddhe, L. H.

Sharma, M.

N. Antoniades, A. Boskovic, I. Tomkos, N. Madamopoulos, M. Lee, I. Roudas, D. Pastel, M. Sharma, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Performance engineering and topological design of metro WDM optical networks using computer simulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 149–165, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Singhal, N. K.

N. K. Singhal, C. Ou, and B. Mukherjee, “Cross-sharing vs. self-sharing trees for protecting multicast sessions in mesh networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 200–206, 2006.
[CrossRef]

N. K. Singhal, L. H. Sahasrabuddhe, and B. Mukherjee, “Provisioning of survivable multicast sessions against single link failures in optical WDM mesh networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2587–2594, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Stavdas, A.

C. Politi, V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, “Physical layer impairment aware routing algorithms based on analytically calculated Q-factor,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2006, OFG1.

Sun, Y.

Y. Sun, J. Gu, and D. H. K. Tsang, “Multicast routing in all-optical wavelength-routed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 101–109, 2001.

Tomkos, I.

N. Antoniades, A. Boskovic, I. Tomkos, N. Madamopoulos, M. Lee, I. Roudas, D. Pastel, M. Sharma, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Performance engineering and topological design of metro WDM optical networks using computer simulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 149–165, 2002.
[CrossRef]

N. Madamopoulos, D. C. Friedman, I. Tomkos, and A. Boskovic, “Study of the performance of a transparent and reconfigurable metropolitan area network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 937–945, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Tsang, D. H. K.

Y. Sun, J. Gu, and D. H. K. Tsang, “Multicast routing in all-optical wavelength-routed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 101–109, 2001.

Wang, X.

X. Wang, L. Guo, L. Pang, J. Du, and F. Jin, “Segment protection algorithm with load balancing for multicasting WDM mesh networks,” in Proc. 10th Int. Conf. on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT), 2008, vol. 3, pp. 2013–2016.

Yadlowsky, M. J.

N. Antoniades, A. Boskovic, I. Tomkos, N. Madamopoulos, M. Lee, I. Roudas, D. Pastel, M. Sharma, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Performance engineering and topological design of metro WDM optical networks using computer simulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 149–165, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Yu, H.

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

R. C. Prim, “Shortest connection networks and some generalizations,” Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 36, pp. 1389–1401, 1957.

Comput. Netw. (1)

N. K. Singhal, C. Ou, and B. Mukherjee, “Cross-sharing vs. self-sharing trees for protecting multicast sessions in mesh networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 200–206, 2006.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials (1)

P.-H. Ho, “State-of-the-art progress in developing survivable routing schemes in mesh WDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 2–16, 2004.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

N. Antoniades, A. Boskovic, I. Tomkos, N. Madamopoulos, M. Lee, I. Roudas, D. Pastel, M. Sharma, and M. J. Yadlowsky, “Performance engineering and topological design of metro WDM optical networks using computer simulation,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 149–165, 2002.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Network (1)

L. H. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Mukherjee, “Multicast routing algorithms and protocols: A tutorial,” IEEE Network, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 90–102, 2000.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast routing algorithms based on Q-factor physical-layer constraints in metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 365–367, 2009.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

K. Bharath-Kumar and J. Jaffe, “Routing to multiple destinations in computer networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 343–351, 1983.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Networks Mag. (1)

Y. Sun, J. Gu, and D. H. K. Tsang, “Multicast routing in all-optical wavelength-routed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 101–109, 2001.

Other (8)

T. Panayiotou, G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, and A. Hadjiantonis, “A novel segment-based protection algorithm for multicast sessions in optical networks with mesh topologies,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2011, OWAA4.

A. Fei, J. Cui, M. Gerla, and D. Cavendish, “A dual-tree scheme for fault-tolerant multicast,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), 2001, vol. 3, pp. 690–694.

X. Wang, L. Guo, L. Pang, J. Du, and F. Jin, “Segment protection algorithm with load balancing for multicasting WDM mesh networks,” in Proc. 10th Int. Conf. on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT), 2008, vol. 3, pp. 2013–2016.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems. Wiley, 2002.

C. Politi, V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, “Physical layer impairment aware routing algorithms based on analytically calculated Q-factor,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2006, OFG1.

T. Panayiotou, G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, and A. M. Levine, “Designing and engineering metropolitan area transparent optical networks for the provisioning of multicast sessions,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2010, JThA47.

E. Bouillet, G. Ellinas, J.-F. Labourdette, and R. Ramamurthy, Path Routing in Mesh Optical Networks. Wiley-Interscience, 2007.

T. Rahman and G. Ellinas, “Protection of multicast sessions in WDM mesh optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2005, OTuK5.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (15)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Node architecture with fixed TXs/RXs [14].

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

General tree with the levels for each node shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

General tree with protection paths between levels 0 and 1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

General tree with protection paths between levels 0/1 and 2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

General tree with protection paths between levels 0/1/2 and 3.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Primary tree T for a multicast request with source node s and destination set [d1,d2,d3,d4,d5].

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Auxiliary graph AG based on the segmentation nodes of the primary tree T with the level values for each segmentation node shown.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(Color online) Protection paths for each level segment group.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Combined primary tree and backup paths.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Flowchart of the IAPMC-RWA (impairment-aware protected multicast routing and wavelength assignment) algorithm.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(Color online) Blocking probability versus multicast group size for dedicated protection techniques for impairment-unaware and impairment-aware provisioning. Results for the level-based protection are also included for comparison.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

(Color online) Blocking probability versus multicast group size with intra-tree self-sharing and inter-tree self-sharing for impairment-unaware provisioning.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

(Color online) Blocking probability versus multicast group size with self-sharing and cross-sharing for impairment-unaware provisioning.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

(Color online) Blocking probability versus multicast group size with intra-tree self-sharing and inter-tree self-sharing when PLIs are also considered.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

(Color online) Blocking probability versus multicast group size with self-sharing and cross-sharing when PLIs are also considered.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table I Component Losses in the Node

Tables Icon

Table II Network Statistics

Tables Icon

Table III Complexity of Segment-Based Heuristics

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

BER=12erfc(Q2)eQ2Q2π.
Q=I1I0σ1+σ0,
σi2=σth2+σshoti2+σASEASE2+σsASEi2+σRINi2+σASEshot2.
QdB=10×log(Qlinear).