Abstract

A full-duplex radio over fiber link scheme with 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) 10 Gb/s downstream and 2.5 Gb/s upstream signals is proposed. In the downlink, the 60 GHz dual-tone optical millimeter- (mm-) wave signal carrier is generated by the 15 GHz local oscillator via a Mach–Zehnder modulator with frequency quadrupling. The 16-QAM 5 GHz IF signal is up-converted to 65 GHz by modulating it on one of the two tones with single-sideband (SSB) modulation at the central station. At the remote base station, the 65 GHz SSB optical mm-wave signal is detected by a high-speed photodiode. After the 60 GHz uplink dual-tone optical mm-wave carrier is abstracted by optimized filtering, the uplink 63 GHz mm-wave signal is modulated onto it to down-convert to the 3 GHz SSB optical IF signal. Since both the down- and uplink optical mm-wave signals have SSB spectra with the signal modulated on one of the two tones, they suffer little from the fiber dispersion. The simulation results show that the bidirectional signals have good performance even after being transmitted over 30 km standard single mode fiber.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 265–267, Jan.2006.
  2. J. Ma, “5 Gbit/s full-duplex radio-over-fiber link with optical millimeter-wave generation by quadrupling the frequency of the electrical RF carrier,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 127–134, Feb.2011.
  3. W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, H.-S. Huang, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “60 GHz photonic vector signal generation employing frequency quadrupling scheme for radio-over-fiber link,” in OSA/OFC/NFOEC, 2009, OWF1.
  4. C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, W.-Q. Xue, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, June2008.
  5. J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, “Optical millimeter-wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 837–845, Oct.2008.
  6. V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2374–2376, Oct.2004.
  7. C.-K. Weng, Y.-M. Lin, and W.-I. Way, “Radio-over-fiber 16-QAM, 100-km transmission at 5 Gb/s using DSB-SC transmitter and remote heterodyne detection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 643–653, Mar.2008.
  8. J. Ma, L. Chen, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Dong, and Q. Zhang, “Transmission of 40-GHz optical millimeter-wave generated by quadrupling 10-GHz local oscillator via Mach–Zehnder modulator,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt., vol. 11, no. 6, 065406, June2009.
  9. J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 478–480, Apr.2008.
  10. J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, “The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link,” Opt. Commun., vol. 281, no. 19, pp. 4876–4881, Oct. 2008.
  11. R. A. Shafik, M. S. Rahman, and A. R. Islam, “On the extended relationships among EVM, BER and SNR as performance metrics,” in 4th Int. Conf. on Electrical and Computer Engineering, 19–21 Dec. 2006, pp. 401–411.
  12. H. Louchet, K. Kuzmin, and A. Richter, “Efficient BER estimation for electrical QAM signal in radio-over-fiber transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 144–146, Jan.15, 2008.
  13. D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

2011 (2)

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

J. Ma, “5 Gbit/s full-duplex radio-over-fiber link with optical millimeter-wave generation by quadrupling the frequency of the electrical RF carrier,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 127–134, Feb.2011.

2009 (1)

J. Ma, L. Chen, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Dong, and Q. Zhang, “Transmission of 40-GHz optical millimeter-wave generated by quadrupling 10-GHz local oscillator via Mach–Zehnder modulator,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt., vol. 11, no. 6, 065406, June2009.

2008 (5)

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 478–480, Apr.2008.

H. Louchet, K. Kuzmin, and A. Richter, “Efficient BER estimation for electrical QAM signal in radio-over-fiber transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 144–146, Jan.15, 2008.

C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, W.-Q. Xue, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, June2008.

C.-K. Weng, Y.-M. Lin, and W.-I. Way, “Radio-over-fiber 16-QAM, 100-km transmission at 5 Gb/s using DSB-SC transmitter and remote heterodyne detection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 643–653, Mar.2008.

J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, “Optical millimeter-wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 837–845, Oct.2008.

2006 (1)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 265–267, Jan.2006.

2004 (1)

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2374–2376, Oct.2004.

Becker, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

BenEzra, S.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Bonk, R.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Bucholtz, F.

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2374–2376, Oct.2004.

Chang, G. K.

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 478–480, Apr.2008.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 265–267, Jan.2006.

Chen, J.

C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, W.-Q. Xue, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, June2008.

W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, H.-S. Huang, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “60 GHz photonic vector signal generation employing frequency quadrupling scheme for radio-over-fiber link,” in OSA/OFC/NFOEC, 2009, OWF1.

Chen, L.

J. Ma, L. Chen, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Dong, and Q. Zhang, “Transmission of 40-GHz optical millimeter-wave generated by quadrupling 10-GHz local oscillator via Mach–Zehnder modulator,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt., vol. 11, no. 6, 065406, June2009.

Chi, S.

C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, W.-Q. Xue, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, June2008.

W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, H.-S. Huang, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “60 GHz photonic vector signal generation employing frequency quadrupling scheme for radio-over-fiber link,” in OSA/OFC/NFOEC, 2009, OWF1.

Dong, Z.

J. Ma, L. Chen, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Dong, and Q. Zhang, “Transmission of 40-GHz optical millimeter-wave generated by quadrupling 10-GHz local oscillator via Mach–Zehnder modulator,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt., vol. 11, no. 6, 065406, June2009.

Dreschmann, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Ellermeyer, T.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Freude, W.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Frey, F.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Hillerkuss, D.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Hoh, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Huang, H.

J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, “Optical millimeter-wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 837–845, Oct.2008.

J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, “The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link,” Opt. Commun., vol. 281, no. 19, pp. 4876–4881, Oct. 2008.

Huang, H.-S.

W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, H.-S. Huang, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “60 GHz photonic vector signal generation employing frequency quadrupling scheme for radio-over-fiber link,” in OSA/OFC/NFOEC, 2009, OWF1.

Huang, M. F.

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 478–480, Apr.2008.

Huber, G.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Huebner, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Islam, A. R.

R. A. Shafik, M. S. Rahman, and A. R. Islam, “On the extended relationships among EVM, BER and SNR as performance metrics,” in 4th Int. Conf. on Electrical and Computer Engineering, 19–21 Dec. 2006, pp. 401–411.

Jia, Z.

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 478–480, Apr.2008.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 265–267, Jan.2006.

Jiang, W.-J.

W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, H.-S. Huang, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “60 GHz photonic vector signal generation employing frequency quadrupling scheme for radio-over-fiber link,” in OSA/OFC/NFOEC, 2009, OWF1.

Jordan, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Kleinow, P.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Koenig, S.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Koos, C.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Kuzmin, K.

H. Louchet, K. Kuzmin, and A. Richter, “Efficient BER estimation for electrical QAM signal in radio-over-fiber transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 144–146, Jan.15, 2008.

Leuthold, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Li, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Lin, C.-T.

C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, W.-Q. Xue, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, June2008.

W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, H.-S. Huang, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “60 GHz photonic vector signal generation employing frequency quadrupling scheme for radio-over-fiber link,” in OSA/OFC/NFOEC, 2009, OWF1.

Lin, Y.-M.

Louchet, H.

H. Louchet, K. Kuzmin, and A. Richter, “Efficient BER estimation for electrical QAM signal in radio-over-fiber transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 144–146, Jan.15, 2008.

Ludwig, A.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Lutz, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Ma, J.

J. Ma, “5 Gbit/s full-duplex radio-over-fiber link with optical millimeter-wave generation by quadrupling the frequency of the electrical RF carrier,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 127–134, Feb.2011.

J. Ma, L. Chen, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Dong, and Q. Zhang, “Transmission of 40-GHz optical millimeter-wave generated by quadrupling 10-GHz local oscillator via Mach–Zehnder modulator,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt., vol. 11, no. 6, 065406, June2009.

J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, “Optical millimeter-wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 837–845, Oct.2008.

J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, “The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link,” Opt. Commun., vol. 281, no. 19, pp. 4876–4881, Oct. 2008.

Marculescu, A.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Meyer, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Moeller, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Narkiss, N.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Nebendahl, B.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Oehler, A.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Parmigiani, F.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Peng, P.-C.

C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, W.-Q. Xue, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, June2008.

Petropoulos, P.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Qiu, J. X.

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2374–2376, Oct.2004.

Rahman, M. S.

R. A. Shafik, M. S. Rahman, and A. R. Islam, “On the extended relationships among EVM, BER and SNR as performance metrics,” in 4th Int. Conf. on Electrical and Computer Engineering, 19–21 Dec. 2006, pp. 401–411.

Rao, L.

J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, “Optical millimeter-wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 837–845, Oct.2008.

J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, “The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link,” Opt. Commun., vol. 281, no. 19, pp. 4876–4881, Oct. 2008.

Resan, B.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Richter, A.

H. Louchet, K. Kuzmin, and A. Richter, “Efficient BER estimation for electrical QAM signal in radio-over-fiber transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 144–146, Jan.15, 2008.

Roeger, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Schellinger, T.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Schmogrow, R.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Shafik, R. A.

R. A. Shafik, M. S. Rahman, and A. R. Islam, “On the extended relationships among EVM, BER and SNR as performance metrics,” in 4th Int. Conf. on Electrical and Computer Engineering, 19–21 Dec. 2006, pp. 401–411.

Shih, P.-T.

C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, W.-Q. Xue, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, June2008.

W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, H.-S. Huang, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “60 GHz photonic vector signal generation employing frequency quadrupling scheme for radio-over-fiber link,” in OSA/OFC/NFOEC, 2009, OWF1.

Su, Y.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 265–267, Jan.2006.

Urick, V. J.

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2374–2376, Oct.2004.

Vallaitis, T.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Wang, K.

Wang, T.

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 478–480, Apr.2008.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 265–267, Jan.2006.

Way, W.-I.

Weingarten, K.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Weng, C.-K.

Winter, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Xin, X.

J. Ma, L. Chen, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Dong, and Q. Zhang, “Transmission of 40-GHz optical millimeter-wave generated by quadrupling 10-GHz local oscillator via Mach–Zehnder modulator,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt., vol. 11, no. 6, 065406, June2009.

J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, “Optical millimeter-wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 837–845, Oct.2008.

J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, “The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link,” Opt. Commun., vol. 281, no. 19, pp. 4876–4881, Oct. 2008.

Xue, W.-Q.

C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, W.-Q. Xue, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, June2008.

Yi, L.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 265–267, Jan.2006.

Yu, C.

J. Ma, L. Chen, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Dong, and Q. Zhang, “Transmission of 40-GHz optical millimeter-wave generated by quadrupling 10-GHz local oscillator via Mach–Zehnder modulator,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt., vol. 11, no. 6, 065406, June2009.

J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, “Optical millimeter-wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 837–845, Oct.2008.

J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, “The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link,” Opt. Commun., vol. 281, no. 19, pp. 4876–4881, Oct. 2008.

Yu, J.

J. Ma, L. Chen, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Dong, and Q. Zhang, “Transmission of 40-GHz optical millimeter-wave generated by quadrupling 10-GHz local oscillator via Mach–Zehnder modulator,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt., vol. 11, no. 6, 065406, June2009.

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 478–480, Apr.2008.

J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, “Optical millimeter-wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 837–845, Oct.2008.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 265–267, Jan.2006.

J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, “The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link,” Opt. Commun., vol. 281, no. 19, pp. 4876–4881, Oct. 2008.

Zhang, Q.

J. Ma, L. Chen, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Dong, and Q. Zhang, “Transmission of 40-GHz optical millimeter-wave generated by quadrupling 10-GHz local oscillator via Mach–Zehnder modulator,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt., vol. 11, no. 6, 065406, June2009.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 265–267, Jan.2006.

C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, W.-Q. Xue, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, June2008.

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 478–480, Apr.2008.

H. Louchet, K. Kuzmin, and A. Richter, “Efficient BER estimation for electrical QAM signal in radio-over-fiber transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 144–146, Jan.15, 2008.

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2374–2376, Oct.2004.

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Ma, L. Chen, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Dong, and Q. Zhang, “Transmission of 40-GHz optical millimeter-wave generated by quadrupling 10-GHz local oscillator via Mach–Zehnder modulator,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt., vol. 11, no. 6, 065406, June2009.

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, T. Schellinger, M. Jordan, M. Winter, G. Huber, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, P. Kleinow, F. Frey, M. Roeger, S. Koenig, A. Ludwig, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Hoh, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. BenEzra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “26 Tbit s−1 line-rate super-channel transmission utilizing all-optical fast Fourier transform processing,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 364–371, June2011.

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, “The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link,” Opt. Commun., vol. 281, no. 19, pp. 4876–4881, Oct. 2008.

Other (2)

R. A. Shafik, M. S. Rahman, and A. R. Islam, “On the extended relationships among EVM, BER and SNR as performance metrics,” in 4th Int. Conf. on Electrical and Computer Engineering, 19–21 Dec. 2006, pp. 401–411.

W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, H.-S. Huang, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “60 GHz photonic vector signal generation employing frequency quadrupling scheme for radio-over-fiber link,” in OSA/OFC/NFOEC, 2009, OWF1.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Our proposed full-duplex RoF link scheme. LD, laser diode; QAM, quadrature amplitude modulator; MZM, Mach–Zehnder modulator; MZI, Mach–Zehnder interferometer; OC, optical coupler; PD, photodiode; BPF, band-pass filter; QADM, quadrature amplitude demodulator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Full-duplex RoF link with the simulated optical and RF spectra.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Constellation diagrams of the downlink signal for (a) the B-T-B case and after (b) 10 km, (c) 20 km, and (d) 30 km SSMF transmission.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Eye diagrams of the I-branch of the downlink signal for (a) the B-T-B case and after (b) 10 km, (c) 20 km, and (d) 30 km SSMF transmission.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Eye diagrams of the Q-branch of the downlink signal for (a) the B-T-B case and after (b) 10 km, (c) 20 km, and (d) 30 km SSMF transmission.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Constellation diagrams of the uplink signal for (a) the B-T-B case and after (b) 10 km, (c) 20 km, and (d) 30 km SSMF transmission.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Eye diagrams of the I-branch of the uplink signal for (a) the B-T-B case and after (b) 10 km, (c) 20 km, and (d) 30 km SSMF transmission.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Eye diagrams of the Q-branch of the uplink signal for (a) the B-T-B case and after (b) 10 km, (c) 20 km, and (d) 30 km SSMF transmission.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) The EVMs of the full-duplex RoF link. (a) The relationship between EVM and BER for a 16-QAM vector signal. (b) The EVM versus different received powers at different downlink fiber lengths. (c) The EVMs of different received powers and different uplink fiber lengths.

Equations (12)

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E1(t)=γ12E0expjω0texpjπVπVRFcosωRFt+expjπVπVRFcosωRFtγ1E0J2mhexpjω02ωRFt+expjω0+2ωRFt.
E2(t)=γ1E0J2mhexpjω02ωRFt,
E3(t)=γ1γ2E0J2mhexpjω0+2ωRFtexpjπVπS(t)+Vb1+expjπVπSt+θωIFγ1γ2E0J2mhJ0(α)J0(β)expjω0+2ωRFt+J1(α)J0(β)expjω0+2ωRF+ωIFt+J0(α)J1(β)expjω0+2ωRF+ωIFt+π2γ1γ2E0J2mhexpjω0+2ωRFt+α+jβexpjω0+2ωRF+ωIFt=γ1γ2E0J2mhexpjω0+2ωRFt+πVπI(t)+jQ(t)expjω0+2ωRF+ωIFt.
Edown(t)=E2(t)+E3(t)=γ1E0J2mhexpjω02ωRFt+γ2expjω0+2ωRFt+γ2πVπI(t)+jQtexpjω0+2ωRF+ωIFt=γ1E0J2mh12expjω02ωRFt+γ2expjω0+2ωRFt+γ1E0J2mh12expjω02ωRFt+γ2πVπI(t)+jQ(t)expjω0+2ωRF+ωIFt.
I(t)=μ|Edown(t)|2=μγ12E02J22mh1+γ22+γ22π2Vπ2[I2(t)+Q2(t)]+2γ2cos4ωRFt+2γ2πVπI(t)cos4ωRF+ωIFt+Q(t)sin4ωRF+ωIFt+2γ22πVπI(t)cosωIFt+Q(t)sinωIFt.
Immw(t)=2μγ12γ2πVπE02J22mhI(t)cos4ωRF+ωIFt+Q(t)sin4ωRF+ωIFt.
Eupcarrier(t)=γ1E0J2(mh)[expjω02ωRFt+γ2expjω0+2ωRFt].
Eup1(t)γ1γ3E0J2mhexpjω02ωRFtIup(t)+jQup(t)expjω02ωRFωupt+Iup(t)+jQup(t)expjω02ωRF+ωupt+γ2expjω0+2ωRFt+γ2Iup(t)+jQup(t)expjω0+2ωRFωupt+γ2Iup(t)+jQup(t)expjω0+2ωRF+ωupt.
Eup(t)γ1γ3E0J2mhγ2expjω0+2ωRFt+[Iup(t)+jQup(t)]expjω02ωRF+ωupt.
IIF(t)=μ|Eup(t)|2=μγ12γ32E02J22mhγ22+Iup2(t)+Qup2(t)+2γ2Iup(t)cos4ωRFωupt+Qup(t)sin4ωRFωupt.
EV M=n|xˆnαxoptxn|2+|yˆnαyoptyn|2n|αxoptxn|2+|αyoptyn|2.
αxopt=xˆnxn,αyopt=yˆnyn,