Abstract

With increasing demands on storage devices in the modern communication environment, the storage area network (SAN) has evolved to provide a direct connection allowing these storage devices to be accessed efficiently. To optimize the performance of a SAN, a three-stage hybrid electronic/optical switching node architecture based on the concept of a MPLS label switching mechanism, aimed at serving as a multi-protocol label switching (MPLS) ingress label edge router (LER) for a SAN-enabled application, has been designed. New shutter-based free-space multi-channel optical switching cores are employed as the core switch fabric to solve the packet contention and switching path conflict problems. The system-level node architecture design constraints are evaluated through self-similar traffic sourced from real gigabit Ethernet network traces and storage systems. The extension performance of a SAN over a proposed WDM ring network, aimed at serving as an MPLS-enabled transport network, is also presented and demonstrated.

© 2012 OSA

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[CrossRef]

2009

J. P. Jue, W.-H. Yang, Y.-C. Kim, and Q. Zhang, “Optical packet and burst switched networks: A review,” IET Commun., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 334–352, 2009.
[CrossRef]

2008

2006

H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and C. Qiao, “Constructions and analyses of non-blocking WDM switches based on arrayed waveguide grating and limited wavelength conversion,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 205–217, 2006.
[CrossRef]

R. Van Caenegem, J. M. Martínez, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, F. Ramos, and J. Martí, “From IP over WDM to all-optical packet switching: Economical view,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 1638–1645, 2006.
[CrossRef]

2005

T. D. Wilkinson, W. A. Crossland, N. Collings, F. Zhang, and M. Fan, “Reconfigurable free-space optical cores for storage area networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 93–99, 2005.

2003

T. Yamamoto, J. Yaguchi, N. Takeuchi, A. Shimizu, E. Higurashi, R. Sawada, and Y. Uenishi, “A three-dimensional MEMS optical switching module having 100 input and 100 output ports,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1360–1362, 2003.
[CrossRef]

G. I. Papadimitriou, C. Papazoglou, and A. S. Pomportsis, “Optical switching: Switch fabrics, techniques, and architectures,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 384–405, 2003.
[CrossRef]

V. A. Aksyuk, F. Pardo, D. Carr, D. Greywall, H. B. Chan, M. E. Simon, A. Gasparyan, H. Shea, V. Lifton, C. Bolle, S. Arney, R. Frahm, M. Paczkowski, M. Haueis, R. Ryf, D. T. Neilson, J. Kim, C. R. Giles, and D. Bishop, “Beam-steering micromirrors for large optical cross-connects,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 634–642, 2003.
[CrossRef]

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Ellenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: A viable approach toward optical packet switching. Architecture and performance of AWG-based optical switching nodes for IP networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, Sept.2003.
[CrossRef]

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: A next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1478–1494, Nov.2003.
[CrossRef]

2000

1999

Z. Sahinoglu and S. Tekinay, “On multimedia networks: Self-similar traffic and network performance,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 48–52, 1999.
[CrossRef]

H. J. White, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, J. R. Brocklehurst, N. A. Brownjohn, W. A. Crossland, A. B. Davey, D. M. Monro, D. T. Neilson, J. A. Nicholls, G. M. Proudley, B. Robertson, R. W. A. Scarr, M. Snook, C. Stace, M. R. Taghizadeh, D. Vass, and A. C. Walker, “Optically connected parallel machine: Design, performance and application,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron., vol. 146, no. 3, pp. 125–136, 1999.
[CrossRef]

L. R. Dalton, W. H. Steier, B. H. Robinson, C. Zhang, A. Ren, and A. K.-Y. Jen, J. Mater. Chem., vol. 9, pp. 1905–1920, 1999.
[CrossRef]

D. K. Hunter, K. M. Guild, and J. D. Bainbridge, “WASPNET: A wavelength switched packet network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 120–129, Mar.1999.

1998

1992

K. Y. Eng, M. J. Karol, and Y.-S. Yeh, “A growable packet (ATM) switch architecture: Design principles and application,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 423–430, 1992.
[CrossRef]

Aksyuk, V. A.

Arney, S.

Bainbridge, J. D.

D. K. Hunter, K. M. Guild, and J. D. Bainbridge, “WASPNET: A wavelength switched packet network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 120–129, Mar.1999.

Barrett, C. P.

H. J. White, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, J. R. Brocklehurst, N. A. Brownjohn, W. A. Crossland, A. B. Davey, D. M. Monro, D. T. Neilson, J. A. Nicholls, G. M. Proudley, B. Robertson, R. W. A. Scarr, M. Snook, C. Stace, M. R. Taghizadeh, D. Vass, and A. C. Walker, “Optically connected parallel machine: Design, performance and application,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron., vol. 146, no. 3, pp. 125–136, 1999.
[CrossRef]

Berde, B.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Ellenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: A viable approach toward optical packet switching. Architecture and performance of AWG-based optical switching nodes for IP networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, Sept.2003.
[CrossRef]

Berthold, J.

Birch, M. J.

H. J. White, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, J. R. Brocklehurst, N. A. Brownjohn, W. A. Crossland, A. B. Davey, D. M. Monro, D. T. Neilson, J. A. Nicholls, G. M. Proudley, B. Robertson, R. W. A. Scarr, M. Snook, C. Stace, M. R. Taghizadeh, D. Vass, and A. C. Walker, “Optically connected parallel machine: Design, performance and application,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron., vol. 146, no. 3, pp. 125–136, 1999.
[CrossRef]

Bishop, D.

Blair, L.

Blumenthal, D. J.

Bolle, C.

Bonas, I. G.

Brocklehurst, J. R.

H. J. White, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, J. R. Brocklehurst, N. A. Brownjohn, W. A. Crossland, A. B. Davey, D. M. Monro, D. T. Neilson, J. A. Nicholls, G. M. Proudley, B. Robertson, R. W. A. Scarr, M. Snook, C. Stace, M. R. Taghizadeh, D. Vass, and A. C. Walker, “Optically connected parallel machine: Design, performance and application,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron., vol. 146, no. 3, pp. 125–136, 1999.
[CrossRef]

Brownjohn, N. A.

H. J. White, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, J. R. Brocklehurst, N. A. Brownjohn, W. A. Crossland, A. B. Davey, D. M. Monro, D. T. Neilson, J. A. Nicholls, G. M. Proudley, B. Robertson, R. W. A. Scarr, M. Snook, C. Stace, M. R. Taghizadeh, D. Vass, and A. C. Walker, “Optically connected parallel machine: Design, performance and application,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron., vol. 146, no. 3, pp. 125–136, 1999.
[CrossRef]

Cai, J.

J. Cai, A. Fumagalli, and I. Chlamtac, “The multitoken interarrival time (MTIT) access protocol for supporting variable size packets over WDM ring network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2094–2104, Oct.2000.
[CrossRef]

Callegati, F.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Ellenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: A viable approach toward optical packet switching. Architecture and performance of AWG-based optical switching nodes for IP networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, Sept.2003.
[CrossRef]

Callon, R.

E. Rosen, A. Viswanathan, and R. Callon, “Multiprotocol label switching architecture,” IETF RFC 3031, Jan.2001.

Carena, A.

Carr, D.

Cerroni, W.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Ellenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: A viable approach toward optical packet switching. Architecture and performance of AWG-based optical switching nodes for IP networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, Sept.2003.
[CrossRef]

Chan, H. B.

Chen, B.

B. Chen, B. Pranggono, and J. M. H Elmirghani, “A metro WDM multi-ring network with variable packet size,” in IEEE ICC, July 2006, vol. 6, pp. 2835–2840.

Chiaroni, D.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Ellenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: A viable approach toward optical packet switching. Architecture and performance of AWG-based optical switching nodes for IP networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, Sept.2003.
[CrossRef]

Chlamtac, I.

J. Cai, A. Fumagalli, and I. Chlamtac, “The multitoken interarrival time (MTIT) access protocol for supporting variable size packets over WDM ring network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2094–2104, Oct.2000.
[CrossRef]

Chou, H.-H.

H.-H. Chou, F. Zhang, T. D. Wilkinson, N. Collings, and W. A. Crossland, “Implementation of 6 × 6 free-space optical fiber ribbon switch for storage area networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 30, no. 11, pp. 1719–1725, 2012.
[CrossRef]

H.-H. Chou, T. D. Wilkinson, N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, and H.-T. Chou, “Implementation of coarse wavelength division multiplexing multi-wavelength routing switch core for storage area networks,” IET Optoelectron., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 64–77, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Chou, H.-T.

H.-H. Chou, T. D. Wilkinson, N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, and H.-T. Chou, “Implementation of coarse wavelength division multiplexing multi-wavelength routing switch core for storage area networks,” IET Optoelectron., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 64–77, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Chu, H. H.

Colle, D.

Collings, N.

H.-H. Chou, F. Zhang, T. D. Wilkinson, N. Collings, and W. A. Crossland, “Implementation of 6 × 6 free-space optical fiber ribbon switch for storage area networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 30, no. 11, pp. 1719–1725, 2012.
[CrossRef]

H.-H. Chou, T. D. Wilkinson, N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, and H.-T. Chou, “Implementation of coarse wavelength division multiplexing multi-wavelength routing switch core for storage area networks,” IET Optoelectron., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 64–77, 2010.
[CrossRef]

T. D. Wilkinson, W. A. Crossland, N. Collings, F. Zhang, and M. Fan, “Reconfigurable free-space optical cores for storage area networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 93–99, 2005.

Crossland, W. A.

H.-H. Chou, F. Zhang, T. D. Wilkinson, N. Collings, and W. A. Crossland, “Implementation of 6 × 6 free-space optical fiber ribbon switch for storage area networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 30, no. 11, pp. 1719–1725, 2012.
[CrossRef]

H.-H. Chou, T. D. Wilkinson, N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, and H.-T. Chou, “Implementation of coarse wavelength division multiplexing multi-wavelength routing switch core for storage area networks,” IET Optoelectron., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 64–77, 2010.
[CrossRef]

T. D. Wilkinson, W. A. Crossland, N. Collings, F. Zhang, and M. Fan, “Reconfigurable free-space optical cores for storage area networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 93–99, 2005.

W. A. Crossland, I. G. Manolis, M. M. Redmond, K. L. Tan, T. D. Wilkinson, M. J. Holmes, T. R. Parker, H. H. Chu, J. Croucher, V. A. Handerek, S. T. Warr, B. Robertson, I. G. Bonas, R. Franklin, C. Stace, H. J. White, R. A. Woolley, and G. Henshall, “Holographic optical switching: The “ROSES” demonstrator,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1845–1854, 2000.
[CrossRef]

H. J. White, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, J. R. Brocklehurst, N. A. Brownjohn, W. A. Crossland, A. B. Davey, D. M. Monro, D. T. Neilson, J. A. Nicholls, G. M. Proudley, B. Robertson, R. W. A. Scarr, M. Snook, C. Stace, M. R. Taghizadeh, D. Vass, and A. C. Walker, “Optically connected parallel machine: Design, performance and application,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron., vol. 146, no. 3, pp. 125–136, 1999.
[CrossRef]

H. Xu, A. D. Davey, T. D. Wilkinson, and W. A. Crossland, “A simple method of optically enhancing the small electrooptic response of liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 74, no. 21, pp. 3099–3101.

Croucher, J.

Dalton, L. R.

L. R. Dalton, W. H. Steier, B. H. Robinson, C. Zhang, A. Ren, and A. K.-Y. Jen, J. Mater. Chem., vol. 9, pp. 1905–1920, 1999.
[CrossRef]

Dames, M. P.

M. P. Dames, “High-capacity ATM switching based on a hybrid electronic/free-space photonic three-stage architecture,” Ph.D. thesis, Cambridge University, Feb.1997.

Davey, A. B.

H. J. White, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, J. R. Brocklehurst, N. A. Brownjohn, W. A. Crossland, A. B. Davey, D. M. Monro, D. T. Neilson, J. A. Nicholls, G. M. Proudley, B. Robertson, R. W. A. Scarr, M. Snook, C. Stace, M. R. Taghizadeh, D. Vass, and A. C. Walker, “Optically connected parallel machine: Design, performance and application,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron., vol. 146, no. 3, pp. 125–136, 1999.
[CrossRef]

Davey, A. D.

H. Xu, A. D. Davey, T. D. Wilkinson, and W. A. Crossland, “A simple method of optically enhancing the small electrooptic response of liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 74, no. 21, pp. 3099–3101.

Dembeck, L.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Ellenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: A viable approach toward optical packet switching. Architecture and performance of AWG-based optical switching nodes for IP networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, Sept.2003.
[CrossRef]

Demeester, P.

Develder, C.

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Ellenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: A viable approach toward optical packet switching. Architecture and performance of AWG-based optical switching nodes for IP networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, Sept.2003.
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Dittmann, L.

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Tekinay, S.

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Uenishi, Y.

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Van Caenegem, R.

Vass, D.

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H. J. White, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, J. R. Brocklehurst, N. A. Brownjohn, W. A. Crossland, A. B. Davey, D. M. Monro, D. T. Neilson, J. A. Nicholls, G. M. Proudley, B. Robertson, R. W. A. Scarr, M. Snook, C. Stace, M. R. Taghizadeh, D. Vass, and A. C. Walker, “Optically connected parallel machine: Design, performance and application,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron., vol. 146, no. 3, pp. 125–136, 1999.
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Wilkinson, T. D.

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H.-H. Chou, T. D. Wilkinson, N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, and H.-T. Chou, “Implementation of coarse wavelength division multiplexing multi-wavelength routing switch core for storage area networks,” IET Optoelectron., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 64–77, 2010.
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W. A. Crossland, I. G. Manolis, M. M. Redmond, K. L. Tan, T. D. Wilkinson, M. J. Holmes, T. R. Parker, H. H. Chu, J. Croucher, V. A. Handerek, S. T. Warr, B. Robertson, I. G. Bonas, R. Franklin, C. Stace, H. J. White, R. A. Woolley, and G. Henshall, “Holographic optical switching: The “ROSES” demonstrator,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1845–1854, 2000.
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H. Xu, A. D. Davey, T. D. Wilkinson, and W. A. Crossland, “A simple method of optically enhancing the small electrooptic response of liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 74, no. 21, pp. 3099–3101.

Woolley, R. A.

Xu, H.

H. Xu, A. D. Davey, T. D. Wilkinson, and W. A. Crossland, “A simple method of optically enhancing the small electrooptic response of liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 74, no. 21, pp. 3099–3101.

Yaguchi, J.

T. Yamamoto, J. Yaguchi, N. Takeuchi, A. Shimizu, E. Higurashi, R. Sawada, and Y. Uenishi, “A three-dimensional MEMS optical switching module having 100 input and 100 output ports,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1360–1362, 2003.
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T. Yamamoto, J. Yaguchi, N. Takeuchi, A. Shimizu, E. Higurashi, R. Sawada, and Y. Uenishi, “A three-dimensional MEMS optical switching module having 100 input and 100 output ports,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1360–1362, 2003.
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Yang, W.-H.

J. P. Jue, W.-H. Yang, Y.-C. Kim, and Q. Zhang, “Optical packet and burst switched networks: A review,” IET Commun., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 334–352, 2009.
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Yeh, Y.-S.

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Zhang, F.

H.-H. Chou, F. Zhang, T. D. Wilkinson, N. Collings, and W. A. Crossland, “Implementation of 6 × 6 free-space optical fiber ribbon switch for storage area networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 30, no. 11, pp. 1719–1725, 2012.
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T. D. Wilkinson, W. A. Crossland, N. Collings, F. Zhang, and M. Fan, “Reconfigurable free-space optical cores for storage area networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 93–99, 2005.

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J. P. Jue, W.-H. Yang, Y.-C. Kim, and Q. Zhang, “Optical packet and burst switched networks: A review,” IET Commun., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 334–352, 2009.
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Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Xu, A. D. Davey, T. D. Wilkinson, and W. A. Crossland, “A simple method of optically enhancing the small electrooptic response of liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 74, no. 21, pp. 3099–3101.

IEE Proc.: Optoelectron.

H. J. White, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, J. R. Brocklehurst, N. A. Brownjohn, W. A. Crossland, A. B. Davey, D. M. Monro, D. T. Neilson, J. A. Nicholls, G. M. Proudley, B. Robertson, R. W. A. Scarr, M. Snook, C. Stace, M. R. Taghizadeh, D. Vass, and A. C. Walker, “Optically connected parallel machine: Design, performance and application,” IEE Proc.: Optoelectron., vol. 146, no. 3, pp. 125–136, 1999.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag.

D. K. Hunter, K. M. Guild, and J. D. Bainbridge, “WASPNET: A wavelength switched packet network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 120–129, Mar.1999.

T. D. Wilkinson, W. A. Crossland, N. Collings, F. Zhang, and M. Fan, “Reconfigurable free-space optical cores for storage area networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 93–99, 2005.

Z. Sahinoglu and S. Tekinay, “On multimedia networks: Self-similar traffic and network performance,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 48–52, 1999.
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IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

J. Cai, A. Fumagalli, and I. Chlamtac, “The multitoken interarrival time (MTIT) access protocol for supporting variable size packets over WDM ring network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2094–2104, Oct.2000.
[CrossRef]

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. G. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: A next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1478–1494, Nov.2003.
[CrossRef]

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, and G. Ellenberger, “The European IST Project DAVID: A viable approach toward optical packet switching. Architecture and performance of AWG-based optical switching nodes for IP networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, Sept.2003.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. Yamamoto, J. Yaguchi, N. Takeuchi, A. Shimizu, E. Higurashi, R. Sawada, and Y. Uenishi, “A three-dimensional MEMS optical switching module having 100 input and 100 output ports,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1360–1362, 2003.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun.

K. Y. Eng, M. J. Karol, and Y.-S. Yeh, “A growable packet (ATM) switch architecture: Design principles and application,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 423–430, 1992.
[CrossRef]

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.

H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and C. Qiao, “Constructions and analyses of non-blocking WDM switches based on arrayed waveguide grating and limited wavelength conversion,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 205–217, 2006.
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IET Commun.

J. P. Jue, W.-H. Yang, Y.-C. Kim, and Q. Zhang, “Optical packet and burst switched networks: A review,” IET Commun., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 334–352, 2009.
[CrossRef]

IET Optoelectron.

H.-H. Chou, T. D. Wilkinson, N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, and H.-T. Chou, “Implementation of coarse wavelength division multiplexing multi-wavelength routing switch core for storage area networks,” IET Optoelectron., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 64–77, 2010.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

W. A. Crossland, I. G. Manolis, M. M. Redmond, K. L. Tan, T. D. Wilkinson, M. J. Holmes, T. R. Parker, H. H. Chu, J. Croucher, V. A. Handerek, S. T. Warr, B. Robertson, I. G. Bonas, R. Franklin, C. Stace, H. J. White, R. A. Woolley, and G. Henshall, “Holographic optical switching: The “ROSES” demonstrator,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1845–1854, 2000.
[CrossRef]

A. Carena, M. D. Vaughn, R. Gaudino, M. Shell, and D. J. Blumenthal, “An optical packet experimental routing architecture with label swapping capability,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2135–2145, Dec.1998.
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Figures (21)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Node architecture of optoelectronic switching cores with MPLS.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Buffering for packet processing and labeling.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Three-stage sectorized switch fabric.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Shutter-based optical fiber ribbon switch [8].

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Switching using variable SLM time without input buffers.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Switching using variable LPS without input buffers.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) Switching using variable LPS with input buffers with uniform traffic.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(Color online) Switching using variable LPS with input buffers with hot traffic.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) Switching performance using variable IBS with uniform traffic.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(Color online) Switching performance using variable IBS with hot traffic.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(Color online) Switching performance using variable SLM time with uniform traffic.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

(Color online) Switching performance using variable SLM time with hot traffic.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

(Color online) Switching of 128 × 128 using variable sector sizes.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

(Color online) Switching of 256 × 256 using variable sector sizes.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

(Color online) SAN extension architecture with MPLS-enabled WDM ring network.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

(Color online) Delay under self-similar symmetric traffic.

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

(Color online) Throughput under self-similar symmetric traffic.

Fig. 18
Fig. 18

(Color online) Packet drop probability under self-similar symmetric traffic.

Fig. 19
Fig. 19

(Color online) Throughput under self-similar asymmetric traffic.

Fig. 20
Fig. 20

(Color online) Delay under self-similar asymmetric traffic.

Fig. 21
Fig. 21

(Color online) Packet drop probability under self-similar asymmetric traffic.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Network Parameters