Abstract

The implementation of a chirped fiber-Bragg grating (FBG) for dispersion compensation in high-speed (up to 120 Gbit/s) transmission systems with differential and coherent detection is, for the first time, experimentally investigated. For systems with differential detection, we examine the influence of group-delay ripple (GDR) in 40 GBd 2-, 4-, and 8-ary differential phase shift keying (DPSK) systems. Furthermore, we conduct a nonlinear-tolerance comparison between the systems implementing dispersion-compensating fibers and FBG modules, using a 5×80 Gbit/s 100-GHz-spaced wavelength division multiplexing 4-ary DPSK signal. The results show that the FBG-based system provides a 2 dB higher optimal launch power, which leads to more than 3 dB optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) improvement at the receiver. For systems with coherent detection, we evaluate the influence of GDR in a 112 Gbit/s dual-polarization quadrature phase shift keying system with respect to signal wavelength. In addition, we demonstrate that, at the optimal launch power, the 112 Gbit/s systems implementing FBG modules and that using electronic dispersion compensation provide similar performance after 840 km transmission despite the fact that the FBG-based system delivers lower OSNR at the receiver. Lastly, we quantify the GDR mitigation capability of a digital linear equalizer in the 112 Gbit/s coherent systems with respect to the equalizer tap number (Ntap). The results indicate that at least Ntap=9 is required to confine Q-factor variation within 1 dB.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. M. H. Eiselt, C. B. Clausen, and R. Tkach, “Performance characterization of components with group delay fluctuation,” IEEE Photon. Electron. Lett., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1076–1078, 2003.
    [CrossRef]
  2. X. Liu, L. F. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, “Impact of group-delay ripple in transmission systems including phase-modulated formats,” IEEE Photon. Electron. Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 305–307, 2004.
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Dochhan, G. Göger, S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, and W. Rosenkranz, “The influence of FBG phase ripple distortions - comparison for different modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2008, JWA60.
  4. M. Filer and S. Tibuleac, “Estimation of phase ripple penalties for 40 Gb/s NRZ-DPSK transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2009, NWD2.
  5. J.-P. Elbers and C. Fürst, “Group-delay ripple induced performance degradation in optical DQPSK transmission,” in European Conf. in Optical Communication (ECOC), Mar. 2006, We3.P.107.
  6. H. Bissessur, C. Bastide, and A. Hugbart, “Performance characterization of components with phase ripple for different 40 Gb/s formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2005, OFN4.
  7. D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, E. de Man, U. Gaubatz, C. Zuccaro, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Cost-effective 10.7-Gbit/s long-haul transmission using fiber Bragg gratings for in-line dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2006, OthS5.
  8. D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, U. Gaubatz, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “42.8-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK transmission with FBG-based in-line dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 1069–1071, 2007.
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. Veljanovski, M. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, and T. Wuth, “Equalization of FBG-induced group-delay ripples penalties using a coherent receiver and digital signal processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2009, JThA40.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. K. Lizé, L. Christen, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, S. Nuccio, T. Wu, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, “Free spectral range optimization of return-to-zero differential phase shift keyed demodulation in the presence of chromatic dispersion,” Opt. Express, vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 6817–6822, 2007.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2007 (2)

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, U. Gaubatz, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “42.8-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK transmission with FBG-based in-line dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 1069–1071, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Lizé, L. Christen, X. Wu, J.-Y. Yang, S. Nuccio, T. Wu, A. E. Willner, and R. Kashyap, “Free spectral range optimization of return-to-zero differential phase shift keyed demodulation in the presence of chromatic dispersion,” Opt. Express, vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 6817–6822, 2007.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

X. Liu, L. F. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, “Impact of group-delay ripple in transmission systems including phase-modulated formats,” IEEE Photon. Electron. Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 305–307, 2004.
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. H. Eiselt, C. B. Clausen, and R. Tkach, “Performance characterization of components with group delay fluctuation,” IEEE Photon. Electron. Lett., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1076–1078, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Alfiad, M.

V. Veljanovski, M. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, and T. Wuth, “Equalization of FBG-induced group-delay ripples penalties using a coherent receiver and digital signal processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2009, JThA40.

Bastide, C.

H. Bissessur, C. Bastide, and A. Hugbart, “Performance characterization of components with phase ripple for different 40 Gb/s formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2005, OFN4.

Bissessur, H.

H. Bissessur, C. Bastide, and A. Hugbart, “Performance characterization of components with phase ripple for different 40 Gb/s formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2005, OFN4.

Christen, L.

Clausen, C. B.

M. H. Eiselt, C. B. Clausen, and R. Tkach, “Performance characterization of components with group delay fluctuation,” IEEE Photon. Electron. Lett., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1076–1078, 2003.
[CrossRef]

de Man, E.

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, E. de Man, U. Gaubatz, C. Zuccaro, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Cost-effective 10.7-Gbit/s long-haul transmission using fiber Bragg gratings for in-line dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2006, OthS5.

de Waardt, H.

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, U. Gaubatz, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “42.8-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK transmission with FBG-based in-line dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 1069–1071, 2007.
[CrossRef]

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, E. de Man, U. Gaubatz, C. Zuccaro, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Cost-effective 10.7-Gbit/s long-haul transmission using fiber Bragg gratings for in-line dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2006, OthS5.

Dochhan, A.

A. Dochhan, G. Göger, S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, and W. Rosenkranz, “The influence of FBG phase ripple distortions - comparison for different modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2008, JWA60.

Eiselt, M. H.

M. H. Eiselt, C. B. Clausen, and R. Tkach, “Performance characterization of components with group delay fluctuation,” IEEE Photon. Electron. Lett., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1076–1078, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Elbers, J.-P.

J.-P. Elbers and C. Fürst, “Group-delay ripple induced performance degradation in optical DQPSK transmission,” in European Conf. in Optical Communication (ECOC), Mar. 2006, We3.P.107.

Filer, M.

M. Filer and S. Tibuleac, “Estimation of phase ripple penalties for 40 Gb/s NRZ-DPSK transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2009, NWD2.

Fürst, C.

J.-P. Elbers and C. Fürst, “Group-delay ripple induced performance degradation in optical DQPSK transmission,” in European Conf. in Optical Communication (ECOC), Mar. 2006, We3.P.107.

Gaubatz, U.

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, U. Gaubatz, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “42.8-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK transmission with FBG-based in-line dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 1069–1071, 2007.
[CrossRef]

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, E. de Man, U. Gaubatz, C. Zuccaro, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Cost-effective 10.7-Gbit/s long-haul transmission using fiber Bragg gratings for in-line dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2006, OthS5.

Göger, G.

A. Dochhan, G. Göger, S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, and W. Rosenkranz, “The influence of FBG phase ripple distortions - comparison for different modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2008, JWA60.

Gottwald, E.

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, U. Gaubatz, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “42.8-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK transmission with FBG-based in-line dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 1069–1071, 2007.
[CrossRef]

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, E. de Man, U. Gaubatz, C. Zuccaro, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Cost-effective 10.7-Gbit/s long-haul transmission using fiber Bragg gratings for in-line dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2006, OthS5.

Hugbart, A.

H. Bissessur, C. Bastide, and A. Hugbart, “Performance characterization of components with phase ripple for different 40 Gb/s formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2005, OFN4.

Jansen, S. L.

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, E. de Man, U. Gaubatz, C. Zuccaro, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Cost-effective 10.7-Gbit/s long-haul transmission using fiber Bragg gratings for in-line dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2006, OthS5.

V. Veljanovski, M. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, and T. Wuth, “Equalization of FBG-induced group-delay ripples penalties using a coherent receiver and digital signal processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2009, JThA40.

Kashyap, R.

Khoe, G. D.

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, E. de Man, U. Gaubatz, C. Zuccaro, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Cost-effective 10.7-Gbit/s long-haul transmission using fiber Bragg gratings for in-line dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2006, OthS5.

Khoe, G. D.

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, U. Gaubatz, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “42.8-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK transmission with FBG-based in-line dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 1069–1071, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, L. F. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, “Impact of group-delay ripple in transmission systems including phase-modulated formats,” IEEE Photon. Electron. Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 305–307, 2004.
[CrossRef]

Lizé, Y. K.

Mollenauer, L. F.

X. Liu, L. F. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, “Impact of group-delay ripple in transmission systems including phase-modulated formats,” IEEE Photon. Electron. Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 305–307, 2004.
[CrossRef]

Nuccio, S.

Painchaud, Y.

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, U. Gaubatz, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “42.8-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK transmission with FBG-based in-line dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 1069–1071, 2007.
[CrossRef]

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, E. de Man, U. Gaubatz, C. Zuccaro, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Cost-effective 10.7-Gbit/s long-haul transmission using fiber Bragg gratings for in-line dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2006, OthS5.

Paquet, C.

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, U. Gaubatz, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “42.8-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK transmission with FBG-based in-line dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 1069–1071, 2007.
[CrossRef]

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, E. de Man, U. Gaubatz, C. Zuccaro, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Cost-effective 10.7-Gbit/s long-haul transmission using fiber Bragg gratings for in-line dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2006, OthS5.

Rohde, H.

A. Dochhan, G. Göger, S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, and W. Rosenkranz, “The influence of FBG phase ripple distortions - comparison for different modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2008, JWA60.

Rosenkranz, W.

A. Dochhan, G. Göger, S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, and W. Rosenkranz, “The influence of FBG phase ripple distortions - comparison for different modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2008, JWA60.

Smolorz, S.

A. Dochhan, G. Göger, S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, and W. Rosenkranz, “The influence of FBG phase ripple distortions - comparison for different modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2008, JWA60.

Tibuleac, S.

M. Filer and S. Tibuleac, “Estimation of phase ripple penalties for 40 Gb/s NRZ-DPSK transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2009, NWD2.

Tkach, R.

M. H. Eiselt, C. B. Clausen, and R. Tkach, “Performance characterization of components with group delay fluctuation,” IEEE Photon. Electron. Lett., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1076–1078, 2003.
[CrossRef]

van den Borne, D.

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, U. Gaubatz, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “42.8-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK transmission with FBG-based in-line dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 1069–1071, 2007.
[CrossRef]

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, E. de Man, U. Gaubatz, C. Zuccaro, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Cost-effective 10.7-Gbit/s long-haul transmission using fiber Bragg gratings for in-line dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2006, OthS5.

V. Veljanovski, M. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, and T. Wuth, “Equalization of FBG-induced group-delay ripples penalties using a coherent receiver and digital signal processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2009, JThA40.

Veljanovski, V.

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, U. Gaubatz, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “42.8-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK transmission with FBG-based in-line dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 1069–1071, 2007.
[CrossRef]

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, E. de Man, U. Gaubatz, C. Zuccaro, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Cost-effective 10.7-Gbit/s long-haul transmission using fiber Bragg gratings for in-line dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2006, OthS5.

V. Veljanovski, M. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, and T. Wuth, “Equalization of FBG-induced group-delay ripples penalties using a coherent receiver and digital signal processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2009, JThA40.

Wei, X.

X. Liu, L. F. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, “Impact of group-delay ripple in transmission systems including phase-modulated formats,” IEEE Photon. Electron. Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 305–307, 2004.
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Wu, T.

Wu, X.

Wuth, T.

V. Veljanovski, M. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, and T. Wuth, “Equalization of FBG-induced group-delay ripples penalties using a coherent receiver and digital signal processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2009, JThA40.

Xie, C.

Yang, J.-Y.

Zuccaro, C.

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, E. de Man, U. Gaubatz, C. Zuccaro, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Cost-effective 10.7-Gbit/s long-haul transmission using fiber Bragg gratings for in-line dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2006, OthS5.

IEEE Photon. Electron. Lett. (2)

M. H. Eiselt, C. B. Clausen, and R. Tkach, “Performance characterization of components with group delay fluctuation,” IEEE Photon. Electron. Lett., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1076–1078, 2003.
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. F. Mollenauer, and X. Wei, “Impact of group-delay ripple in transmission systems including phase-modulated formats,” IEEE Photon. Electron. Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 305–307, 2004.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, U. Gaubatz, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “42.8-Gb/s RZ-DQPSK transmission with FBG-based in-line dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 1069–1071, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Other (6)

V. Veljanovski, M. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, S. L. Jansen, and T. Wuth, “Equalization of FBG-induced group-delay ripples penalties using a coherent receiver and digital signal processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2009, JThA40.

A. Dochhan, G. Göger, S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, and W. Rosenkranz, “The influence of FBG phase ripple distortions - comparison for different modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2008, JWA60.

M. Filer and S. Tibuleac, “Estimation of phase ripple penalties for 40 Gb/s NRZ-DPSK transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2009, NWD2.

J.-P. Elbers and C. Fürst, “Group-delay ripple induced performance degradation in optical DQPSK transmission,” in European Conf. in Optical Communication (ECOC), Mar. 2006, We3.P.107.

H. Bissessur, C. Bastide, and A. Hugbart, “Performance characterization of components with phase ripple for different 40 Gb/s formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2005, OFN4.

D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, E. de Man, U. Gaubatz, C. Zuccaro, C. Paquet, Y. Painchaud, S. L. Jansen, E. Gottwald, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Cost-effective 10.7-Gbit/s long-haul transmission using fiber Bragg gratings for in-line dispersion compensation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Mar. 2006, OthS5.

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