Abstract

Fast lightpath restoration becomes particularly challenging in all-optical networks. First, the optical transparency complicates failure localization and isolation procedures, as loss of light alarms stemming from a failure propagate downstream from the failure point. Besides, such a transparency implies that optical signals must traverse relatively long distances without electrical regeneration. In view of this, backup path computations must also account for all degradations introduced in the physical end-to-end path, thus ensuring their feasibility. Looking toward the optical core networks of the future, the EU DICONET Project has worked on cross-layer solutions to enhance network control and management with the impairment-awareness needed to govern the underlying optical layer. This includes a network planning and operation tool (NPOT) that implements impairment-aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms, along with a failure localization mechanism. This paper reports the experimental demonstration of a dynamic impairment-aware restoration scheme that benefits from enhanced NPOT features for fast lightpath restoration. To this end, a prioritized scheduler to provide differentiated resilience support, the implementation of the quality of transmission estimator module on field programmable gate array hardware, and a fast resource pre-reservation protocol are presented in this work. The performance of the proposed impairment-aware lightpath restoration scheme has been evaluated experimentally on a 14-node all-optical network test-bed, showing average restoration times of 1.16 and 1.64 s for high and low priority traffic classes, respectively.

© 2012 OSA

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2011 (4)

A. A. M. Saleh and J. M. Simmons, “Technology and architecture to enable the explosive growth of the Internet,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 126–132, Jan.2011.
[Crossref]

S. Azodolmolky, J. Perelló, M. Angelou, F. Agraz, L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, Y. Pointurier, A. Francescon, C. V. Saradhi, P. Kokkinos, E. Varvarigos, S. Al Zahr, M. Gagnaire, M. Gunkel, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental demonstration of an impairment aware network planning and operation tool for transparent/translucent optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 439–448, Feb.2011.
[Crossref]

K. Christodoulopoulos, P. Kokkinos, and E. M. Varvarigos, “Indirect and direct multicost algorithms for online impairment-aware RWA,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 1759–1772, Dec.2011.
[Crossref]

Y. Qin, S. Azodolmolky, M. Gunkel, R. Nejabati, and D. Simeonidou, “Hardware accelerated impairment-aware control plane for future optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 1004–1006, Sept.2011.
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (4)

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marín Tordera, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 926–944, May2009.
[Crossref]

B. Wu, P. Ho, and K. Yeung, “Monitoring trail: On fast link failure localization in WDM mesh networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 23, pp. 4175–4185, Dec.2009.
[Crossref]

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

S. Rai, C. Su, and B. Mukherjee, “On provisioning in all-optical networks: an impairment-aware approach,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1989–2001, Dec.2009.
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

2007 (1)

V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Politi, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, “Physical layer impairment aware wavelength routing algorithms based on analytically calculated constraints,” Opt. Commun., vol. 270, no. 2, pp. 247–254, Feb.2007.
[Crossref]

2005 (4)

H. Yurong, J. P. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Connection provisioning with transmission impairment consideration in optical WDM networks with high-speed channels,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 982–993, Mar.2005.
[Crossref]

A. Jajszczyk, “Automatically switched optical networks: benefits and requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 2, pp. S8–S13, Feb.2005.

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, “Dynamic routing in translucent WDM optical networks: The intradomain case,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 955–971, Mar.2005.
[Crossref]

C. Mas, I. Tomkos, and O. Tonguz, “A failure location algorithm for transparent optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 1508–1519, Aug.2005.
[Crossref]

Agraz, F.

Al Zahr, S.

Anagnostopoulos, V.

V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Politi, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, “Physical layer impairment aware wavelength routing algorithms based on analytically calculated constraints,” Opt. Commun., vol. 270, no. 2, pp. 247–254, Feb.2007.
[Crossref]

Andriolli, N.

Angelou, M.

Antona, J.

Ash, J.

A. Farrel, J. P. Vasseur, and J. Ash, “A path computation element (PCE)-based architecture,” IETF RFC 4655, Aug.2006.

Azodolmolky, S.

Y. Qin, S. Azodolmolky, M. Gunkel, R. Nejabati, and D. Simeonidou, “Hardware accelerated impairment-aware control plane for future optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 1004–1006, Sept.2011.
[Crossref]

S. Azodolmolky, J. Perelló, M. Angelou, F. Agraz, L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, Y. Pointurier, A. Francescon, C. V. Saradhi, P. Kokkinos, E. Varvarigos, S. Al Zahr, M. Gagnaire, M. Gunkel, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental demonstration of an impairment aware network planning and operation tool for transparent/translucent optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 439–448, Feb.2011.
[Crossref]

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marín Tordera, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 926–944, May2009.
[Crossref]

Bayart, D.

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

A. Morea, N. Brogard, F. Leplingard, J. Antona, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, and D. Bayart, “QoT function and A* routing: an optimized combination for connection search in translucent networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 42–61, Jan.2008.
[Crossref]

Berger, L.

L. Berger, “Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) signalling resource reservation protocol-traffic engineering (RSVP-TE) extensions,” IETF RFC 3473, Jan.2003.

Bernstein, G.

Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, D. Li, and G. Martinelli, “A framework for the control of wavelength switched optical networks (WSON) with impairments,” IETF draft, Jan.2012 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-ccamp-wson-impairments-10.

Berthold, J.

Blair, L.

Brandt-Pearce, M.

J. He, M. Brandt-Pearce, Y. Pointurier, and S. Subramaniam, “QoT-aware routing in impairment-constrained optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM 2007, Nov. 2007.

Brogard, N.

Bryskin, I.

A. Farrel and I. Bryskin, GMPLS: Architecture and Applications. Academic Press, 2006.

Careglio, D.

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marín Tordera, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 926–944, May2009.
[Crossref]

Casellas, R.

Castoldi, P.

Choi, H.

S. Stanic, G. Sahin, H. Choi, S. Subramaniam, and H.-A. Choi, “Monitoring and alarm management in transparent optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE BROADNETS 2007, Sept. 2007.

Choi, H.-A.

S. Stanic, G. Sahin, H. Choi, S. Subramaniam, and H.-A. Choi, “Monitoring and alarm management in transparent optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE BROADNETS 2007, Sept. 2007.

Christodoulopoulos, K.

K. Christodoulopoulos, P. Kokkinos, and E. M. Varvarigos, “Indirect and direct multicost algorithms for online impairment-aware RWA,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 1759–1772, Dec.2011.
[Crossref]

Colle, D.

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

Comellas, J.

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

Cugini, F.

Doumith, E. A.

A. Haddad, E. A. Doumith, and M. Gagnaire, “A meta-heuristic approach for monitoring trail assignment in WDM optical networks,” in Proc. of IFIP/IEEE RNDM 2010, Oct. 2010.

Eiselt, M.

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

Farrel, A.

A. Farrel, J. P. Vasseur, and J. Ash, “A path computation element (PCE)-based architecture,” IETF RFC 4655, Aug.2006.

A. Farrel and I. Bryskin, GMPLS: Architecture and Applications. Academic Press, 2006.

Francescon, A.

Gagnaire, M.

Giorgetti, A.

Grover, W. D.

W. D. Grover, Mesh-Based Survivable Networks: Options and Strategies for Optical, MPLS, SONET, and ATM Networking. Prentice-Hall PTR, 2004.

Gunkel, M.

S. Azodolmolky, J. Perelló, M. Angelou, F. Agraz, L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, Y. Pointurier, A. Francescon, C. V. Saradhi, P. Kokkinos, E. Varvarigos, S. Al Zahr, M. Gagnaire, M. Gunkel, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental demonstration of an impairment aware network planning and operation tool for transparent/translucent optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 439–448, Feb.2011.
[Crossref]

Y. Qin, S. Azodolmolky, M. Gunkel, R. Nejabati, and D. Simeonidou, “Hardware accelerated impairment-aware control plane for future optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 1004–1006, Sept.2011.
[Crossref]

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

Haddad, A.

A. Haddad, E. A. Doumith, and M. Gagnaire, “A meta-heuristic approach for monitoring trail assignment in WDM optical networks,” in Proc. of IFIP/IEEE RNDM 2010, Oct. 2010.

He, J.

J. He, M. Brandt-Pearce, Y. Pointurier, and S. Subramaniam, “QoT-aware routing in impairment-constrained optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM 2007, Nov. 2007.

Heritage, J. P.

Ho, P.

Ho, P.-H.

J. Tapolcai, B. Wu, and P.-H. Ho, “On monitoring and failure localization in mesh all-optical networks,” in Proc. of INFOCOM 2009, June 2009.

Huang, C.

H. Zeng, C. Huang, A. Vukovic, and M. Savoie, “Fault detection and path performance monitoring in meshed all-optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM 2004, Nov. 2004.

Jajszczyk, A.

A. Jajszczyk, “Automatically switched optical networks: benefits and requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 2, pp. S8–S13, Feb.2005.

Katz, D.

D. Katz, K. Kompella, and D. Yeung, “Traffic engineering (TE) extensions to OSPF version 2,” IETF RFC 3630, Sept.2003.

Klinkowski, M.

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marín Tordera, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 926–944, May2009.
[Crossref]

Klonidis, D.

S. Azodolmolky, J. Perelló, M. Angelou, F. Agraz, L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, Y. Pointurier, A. Francescon, C. V. Saradhi, P. Kokkinos, E. Varvarigos, S. Al Zahr, M. Gagnaire, M. Gunkel, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental demonstration of an impairment aware network planning and operation tool for transparent/translucent optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 439–448, Feb.2011.
[Crossref]

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

Kokkinos, P.

Kompella, K.

D. Katz, K. Kompella, and D. Yeung, “Traffic engineering (TE) extensions to OSPF version 2,” IETF RFC 3630, Sept.2003.

Krummrich, P.

Lang, J.

J. Lang, “Link management protocol (LMP),” IETF RFC 4204, Oct.2005.

Lavigne, B.

Le Rouzic, E.

Lee, Y.

Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, D. Li, and G. Martinelli, “A framework for the control of wavelength switched optical networks (WSON) with impairments,” IETF draft, Jan.2012 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-ccamp-wson-impairments-10.

Leplingard, F.

Li, D.

Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, D. Li, and G. Martinelli, “A framework for the control of wavelength switched optical networks (WSON) with impairments,” IETF draft, Jan.2012 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-ccamp-wson-impairments-10.

Manousakis, K.

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

Marín Tordera, E.

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marín Tordera, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 926–944, May2009.
[Crossref]

Martinelli, G.

Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, D. Li, and G. Martinelli, “A framework for the control of wavelength switched optical networks (WSON) with impairments,” IETF draft, Jan.2012 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-ccamp-wson-impairments-10.

Martinez, R.

Mas, C.

C. Mas, I. Tomkos, and O. Tonguz, “A failure location algorithm for transparent optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 1508–1519, Aug.2005.
[Crossref]

Matrakidis, C.

V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Politi, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, “Physical layer impairment aware wavelength routing algorithms based on analytically calculated constraints,” Opt. Commun., vol. 270, no. 2, pp. 247–254, Feb.2007.
[Crossref]

Morea, A.

Mukherjee, B.

S. Rai, C. Su, and B. Mukherjee, “On provisioning in all-optical networks: an impairment-aware approach,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1989–2001, Dec.2009.
[Crossref]

H. Yurong, J. P. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Connection provisioning with transmission impairment consideration in optical WDM networks with high-speed channels,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 982–993, Mar.2005.
[Crossref]

Muñoz, R.

Nejabati, R.

Y. Qin, S. Azodolmolky, M. Gunkel, R. Nejabati, and D. Simeonidou, “Hardware accelerated impairment-aware control plane for future optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 1004–1006, Sept.2011.
[Crossref]

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

Pachnicke, S.

Paschenda, T.

Perelló, J.

Pickavet, M.

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

Pointurier, Y.

Poirrier, J.

Politi, C.

V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Politi, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, “Physical layer impairment aware wavelength routing algorithms based on analytically calculated constraints,” Opt. Commun., vol. 270, no. 2, pp. 247–254, Feb.2007.
[Crossref]

Qin, Y.

Y. Qin, S. Azodolmolky, M. Gunkel, R. Nejabati, and D. Simeonidou, “Hardware accelerated impairment-aware control plane for future optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 1004–1006, Sept.2011.
[Crossref]

Rai, S.

S. Rai, C. Su, and B. Mukherjee, “On provisioning in all-optical networks: an impairment-aware approach,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1989–2001, Dec.2009.
[Crossref]

Ramamurthy, B.

Sahin, G.

S. Stanic, G. Sahin, H. Choi, S. Subramaniam, and H.-A. Choi, “Monitoring and alarm management in transparent optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE BROADNETS 2007, Sept. 2007.

Saleh, A. A. M.

A. A. M. Saleh and J. M. Simmons, “Technology and architecture to enable the explosive growth of the Internet,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 126–132, Jan.2011.
[Crossref]

J. Berthold, A. A. M. Saleh, L. Blair, and J. M. Simmons, “Optical networking: Past, present, and future,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1104–1118, May2008.
[Crossref]

Salvadori, E.

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

Sambo, N.

Saradhi, C. V.

S. Azodolmolky, J. Perelló, M. Angelou, F. Agraz, L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, Y. Pointurier, A. Francescon, C. V. Saradhi, P. Kokkinos, E. Varvarigos, S. Al Zahr, M. Gagnaire, M. Gunkel, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental demonstration of an impairment aware network planning and operation tool for transparent/translucent optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 439–448, Feb.2011.
[Crossref]

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

Savoie, M.

H. Zeng, C. Huang, A. Vukovic, and M. Savoie, “Fault detection and path performance monitoring in meshed all-optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM 2004, Nov. 2004.

Simeonidou, D.

Y. Qin, S. Azodolmolky, M. Gunkel, R. Nejabati, and D. Simeonidou, “Hardware accelerated impairment-aware control plane for future optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 1004–1006, Sept.2011.
[Crossref]

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

Simmons, J. M.

A. A. M. Saleh and J. M. Simmons, “Technology and architecture to enable the explosive growth of the Internet,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 126–132, Jan.2011.
[Crossref]

J. Berthold, A. A. M. Saleh, L. Blair, and J. M. Simmons, “Optical networking: Past, present, and future,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1104–1118, May2008.
[Crossref]

Simonneau, C.

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

Solé-Pareta, J.

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marín Tordera, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 926–944, May2009.
[Crossref]

Spadaro, S.

Staessens, D.

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

Stanic, S.

S. Stanic, G. Sahin, H. Choi, S. Subramaniam, and H.-A. Choi, “Monitoring and alarm management in transparent optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE BROADNETS 2007, Sept. 2007.

Stavdas, A.

V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Politi, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, “Physical layer impairment aware wavelength routing algorithms based on analytically calculated constraints,” Opt. Commun., vol. 270, no. 2, pp. 247–254, Feb.2007.
[Crossref]

Su, C.

S. Rai, C. Su, and B. Mukherjee, “On provisioning in all-optical networks: an impairment-aware approach,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1989–2001, Dec.2009.
[Crossref]

Subramaniam, S.

J. He, M. Brandt-Pearce, Y. Pointurier, and S. Subramaniam, “QoT-aware routing in impairment-constrained optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM 2007, Nov. 2007.

S. Stanic, G. Sahin, H. Choi, S. Subramaniam, and H.-A. Choi, “Monitoring and alarm management in transparent optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE BROADNETS 2007, Sept. 2007.

Tapolcai, J.

J. Tapolcai, B. Wu, and P.-H. Ho, “On monitoring and failure localization in mesh all-optical networks,” in Proc. of INFOCOM 2009, June 2009.

Tomkos, I.

S. Azodolmolky, J. Perelló, M. Angelou, F. Agraz, L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, Y. Pointurier, A. Francescon, C. V. Saradhi, P. Kokkinos, E. Varvarigos, S. Al Zahr, M. Gagnaire, M. Gunkel, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental demonstration of an impairment aware network planning and operation tool for transparent/translucent optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 439–448, Feb.2011.
[Crossref]

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marín Tordera, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 926–944, May2009.
[Crossref]

C. Mas, I. Tomkos, and O. Tonguz, “A failure location algorithm for transparent optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 1508–1519, Aug.2005.
[Crossref]

Tonguz, O.

C. Mas, I. Tomkos, and O. Tonguz, “A failure location algorithm for transparent optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 1508–1519, Aug.2005.
[Crossref]

Tsuritani, T.

Valcarenghi, L.

Varvarigos, E.

S. Azodolmolky, J. Perelló, M. Angelou, F. Agraz, L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, Y. Pointurier, A. Francescon, C. V. Saradhi, P. Kokkinos, E. Varvarigos, S. Al Zahr, M. Gagnaire, M. Gunkel, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental demonstration of an impairment aware network planning and operation tool for transparent/translucent optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 439–448, Feb.2011.
[Crossref]

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

Varvarigos, E. M.

K. Christodoulopoulos, P. Kokkinos, and E. M. Varvarigos, “Indirect and direct multicost algorithms for online impairment-aware RWA,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 1759–1772, Dec.2011.
[Crossref]

Vasseur, J. P.

A. Farrel, J. P. Vasseur, and J. Ash, “A path computation element (PCE)-based architecture,” IETF RFC 4655, Aug.2006.

Velasco, L.

Vlachos, K.

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

Vukovic, A.

H. Zeng, C. Huang, A. Vukovic, and M. Savoie, “Fault detection and path performance monitoring in meshed all-optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM 2004, Nov. 2004.

Wu, B.

B. Wu, P. Ho, and K. Yeung, “Monitoring trail: On fast link failure localization in WDM mesh networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 23, pp. 4175–4185, Dec.2009.
[Crossref]

J. Tapolcai, B. Wu, and P.-H. Ho, “On monitoring and failure localization in mesh all-optical networks,” in Proc. of INFOCOM 2009, June 2009.

Yang, X.

Ye, Y.

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

Yeung, D.

D. Katz, K. Kompella, and D. Yeung, “Traffic engineering (TE) extensions to OSPF version 2,” IETF RFC 3630, Sept.2003.

Yeung, K.

Yurong, H.

Zami, T.

Zeng, H.

H. Zeng, C. Huang, A. Vukovic, and M. Savoie, “Fault detection and path performance monitoring in meshed all-optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM 2004, Nov. 2004.

Comput. Netw. (1)

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marín Tordera, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 926–944, May2009.
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

Y. Qin, S. Azodolmolky, M. Gunkel, R. Nejabati, and D. Simeonidou, “Hardware accelerated impairment-aware control plane for future optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 1004–1006, Sept.2011.
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (3)

S. Azodolmolky, D. Klonidis, I. Tomkos, Y. Ye, C. V. Saradhi, E. Salvadori, M. Gunkel, K. Manousakis, K. Vlachos, E. Varvarigos, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Eiselt, J. Comellas, J. Solé-Pareta, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, D. Staessens, D. Colle, and M. Pickavet, “A dynamic impairment aware networking solution for transparent mesh optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 38–47, May2009.
[Crossref]

A. A. M. Saleh and J. M. Simmons, “Technology and architecture to enable the explosive growth of the Internet,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 126–132, Jan.2011.
[Crossref]

A. Jajszczyk, “Automatically switched optical networks: benefits and requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 2, pp. S8–S13, Feb.2005.

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

C. Mas, I. Tomkos, and O. Tonguz, “A failure location algorithm for transparent optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 1508–1519, Aug.2005.
[Crossref]

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (2)

K. Christodoulopoulos, P. Kokkinos, and E. M. Varvarigos, “Indirect and direct multicost algorithms for online impairment-aware RWA,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 1759–1772, Dec.2011.
[Crossref]

S. Rai, C. Su, and B. Mukherjee, “On provisioning in all-optical networks: an impairment-aware approach,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1989–2001, Dec.2009.
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (7)

J. Berthold, A. A. M. Saleh, L. Blair, and J. M. Simmons, “Optical networking: Past, present, and future,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1104–1118, May2008.
[Crossref]

F. Cugini, N. Sambo, N. Andriolli, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, E. Le Rouzic, and J. Poirrier, “Enhancing GMPLS signaling protocol for encompassing quality of transmission (QoT) in all-optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, no. 19, pp. 3318–3328, Oct.2008.
[Crossref]

R. Martinez, R. Casellas, R. Muñoz, and T. Tsuritani, “Experimental translucent-oriented routing for dynamic lightpath provisioning in GMPLS-enabled wavelength switched optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 1241–1255, Apr.2010.
[Crossref]

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, “Dynamic routing in translucent WDM optical networks: The intradomain case,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 955–971, Mar.2005.
[Crossref]

H. Yurong, J. P. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Connection provisioning with transmission impairment consideration in optical WDM networks with high-speed channels,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 982–993, Mar.2005.
[Crossref]

B. Wu, P. Ho, and K. Yeung, “Monitoring trail: On fast link failure localization in WDM mesh networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 23, pp. 4175–4185, Dec.2009.
[Crossref]

S. Azodolmolky, J. Perelló, M. Angelou, F. Agraz, L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, Y. Pointurier, A. Francescon, C. V. Saradhi, P. Kokkinos, E. Varvarigos, S. Al Zahr, M. Gagnaire, M. Gunkel, D. Klonidis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental demonstration of an impairment aware network planning and operation tool for transparent/translucent optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 439–448, Feb.2011.
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Netw. (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

V. Anagnostopoulos, C. Politi, C. Matrakidis, and A. Stavdas, “Physical layer impairment aware wavelength routing algorithms based on analytically calculated constraints,” Opt. Commun., vol. 270, no. 2, pp. 247–254, Feb.2007.
[Crossref]

Other (12)

J. He, M. Brandt-Pearce, Y. Pointurier, and S. Subramaniam, “QoT-aware routing in impairment-constrained optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM 2007, Nov. 2007.

W. D. Grover, Mesh-Based Survivable Networks: Options and Strategies for Optical, MPLS, SONET, and ATM Networking. Prentice-Hall PTR, 2004.

A. Farrel and I. Bryskin, GMPLS: Architecture and Applications. Academic Press, 2006.

Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, D. Li, and G. Martinelli, “A framework for the control of wavelength switched optical networks (WSON) with impairments,” IETF draft, Jan.2012 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-ccamp-wson-impairments-10.

H. Zeng, C. Huang, A. Vukovic, and M. Savoie, “Fault detection and path performance monitoring in meshed all-optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM 2004, Nov. 2004.

L. Berger, “Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) signalling resource reservation protocol-traffic engineering (RSVP-TE) extensions,” IETF RFC 3473, Jan.2003.

D. Katz, K. Kompella, and D. Yeung, “Traffic engineering (TE) extensions to OSPF version 2,” IETF RFC 3630, Sept.2003.

J. Tapolcai, B. Wu, and P.-H. Ho, “On monitoring and failure localization in mesh all-optical networks,” in Proc. of INFOCOM 2009, June 2009.

S. Stanic, G. Sahin, H. Choi, S. Subramaniam, and H.-A. Choi, “Monitoring and alarm management in transparent optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE BROADNETS 2007, Sept. 2007.

A. Haddad, E. A. Doumith, and M. Gagnaire, “A meta-heuristic approach for monitoring trail assignment in WDM optical networks,” in Proc. of IFIP/IEEE RNDM 2010, Oct. 2010.

A. Farrel, J. P. Vasseur, and J. Ash, “A path computation element (PCE)-based architecture,” IETF RFC 4655, Aug.2006.

J. Lang, “Link management protocol (LMP),” IETF RFC 4204, Oct.2005.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Network planning and operation tool (NPOT): main blocks involved in impairment-aware dynamic lightpath restoration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Example of an m-trail design in a five-node network consisting of three trails. The resulting alarm code table is also shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Hardware implementation of the Q-tool. The numbers and letters show the sequence of operations to estimate the QoT of an incoming lightpath request.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pre-reservation protocol message formats: (a) request message, (b) reply message, (c) action message.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Impairment-aware restoration example: a bidirectional lightpath is established between nodes 0 and 3, and a failure occurs on the link connecting nodes 1 and 3; m-trails 1 and 2 become disrupted.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Test-bed used for the experiments: a 14-node all-optical meshed transport plane with 23 links is emulated.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) OXC emulator: comprising blocks and interfaces.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(Color online) Lightpath restoration blocking probability as a function of the number of active lightpaths in the network for high and low priority traffic classes.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) Average setup time breakdown as a function of the number of active lightpaths in the network for high priority (right bars) and low priority (left bars) traffic classes. The waiting time in the prioritized scheduler, NPOT processing time, Q-tool computation time, and backup path signaling time contributions have been considered.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(Color online) Relative FPGA QoT estimation time improvement as a function of the number of active lightpaths in the network compared to the case where a software-based Q-tool is used.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(Color online) Cumulative distribution function (CDF) of the lightpath restoration time for both high and low priority traffic classes.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

(Color online) Restoration time frequencies for high and low priority traffic classes.