Abstract

The integration of Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs) with wireless worldwide interoperability for microwave access (WiMAX) is an approved solution for an access network. A resilient packet ring (RPR) is a good candidate for a metro network. Hence RPR, EPON, and WiMAX integration is a viable solution for metro–access network bridging. The present paper examines such integration, including an architecture and a joint media access control (MAC) protocol, as a solution for both access and metro networks. The proposed architecture is reliable due to the dependability of the RPR standard and the protection mechanism employed in the EPON. Moreover, the architecture contains a high fault tolerance against node and connection failure. The suggested MAC protocol includes a multi-level dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm, a distributed admission control, a scheduler, and a routing algorithm. This MAC protocol aims at maximizing the advantages of the proposed architecture by distributing its functionalities over different parts of the architecture and jointly executing the parts of the MAC protocol.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 112–118, Mar.2004.
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Shen, R. Tucker, and C.-J. Chae, “Fixed mobile convergence architectures for broadband access: Integration of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 44–50, Aug.2007.
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Yang, S. Ou, G. Ken, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb.2009.
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Ahmed and A. Shami, “A new bandwidth allocation algorithm for EPON-WiMAX hybrid access networks,” in GLOBECOM, 2010, pp. 1–6.
  5. Y. Luo, S. Yin, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, S. Nakamura, N. Ansari, and M. Cvijetic, “QoS-aware scheduling over hybrid optical wireless networks,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, NThB1.
  6. Y. Lou, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijetic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2006, NThG1.
  7. S. Sarkar, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “Hybrid wireless-optical broadband-access network (WOBAN): A review of relevant challenges,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3329–3340, Nov.2007.
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. Shaw, S. Wong, N. Cheng, and X. Zhu, “Hybrid architecture and integrated routing in a scalable optical-wireless access network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3443–3451, Nov.2007.
    [CrossRef]
  9. P.-H. H. Ahmad, R. Dhaini, and X. Jiang, “WiMAX-VPON: A framework of layer-2 VPNs for next-generation access networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 400–415, July2010.
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. J. Alsolami and P.-H. Ho, “A novel two-level hierarchical scheduling scheme for integrated WiMAX and EPON,” in ICS 2008, DSpace FC University, Jan. 2009.
  11. Y. Yan, H. Yu, H. Wang, and L. Dittmann, “Integration of EPON and WiMAX networks: Uplink scheduler design,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 7137, 713704, 2008.
  12. I.-S. Hwang, J.-Y. Lee, C.-W. Huang, and Z.-D. Shyu, “Advanced dynamic bandwidth allocation and scheduling scheme for the integrated architecture of EPON and WiMAX,” in 10th Mobile Data Management: Systems, Services and Middleware (MDM ’09), 2009, pp. 655–660.
  13. T. Tang, G. Shou, Y. Hu, and Z. Guo, “Performance analysis of bandwidth allocation of convergence of WiMAX and EPON,” in Network Security, Wireless Communications and Trusted Computing (NSWCTC ’09), 2009, vol. 1, pp. 662–665.
  14. M. Maier and M. Herzog, “STARGATE: The next evolutionary step toward unleashing the potential of WDM EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 50–56, May2007.
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. P. N. Ghazisaidi and M. Maier, “SuperMAN: Optical-wireless integration of RPR and WiMAX,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 249–271, Mar.2009.
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. P. M. M. Reisslein and M. Maier, “WDM Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 518–525, Feb.2006.
  17. S. Sarkar, H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “DARA: Delay-aware routing algorithm in a hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN),” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Glasgow, Scotland, June 2007, pp. 2480–2484Please provide full list of author names in Refs. [1, 5, 6, 8, 17, 24]..
  18. G. Ramesh and S. Vadivelu, “Reliable routing and wavelength assignment algorithm for optical WDM networks,” Eur. J. Sci. Res., vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 85–96, 2010.
  19. G. Ramesh and S. Vadivelu, “A reliable and fault-tolerant routing for optical WDM networks,” Int. J. Comp. Sci. Inf. Secur., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 048–054, 2009Please provide page number in Ref. [19] and volume number in Ref. [24]..
  20. http://www-b2.is.tokushima-u.ac.jp/ ikeda/suuri/dijkstra/Dijkstra.shtml.
  21. “IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks—Part 16: Air Interface for Fixed Broadband Wireless Access Systems,” IEEE Std 802.16-2004, 2004.
  22. http://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns/.
  23. http://www.antd.nist.gov/seamlessandsecure/toolsuite.html.
  24. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. Ye, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in EPON-based access network,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 1, no. 8/9, pp. 280–298, 2002.

2010

P.-H. H. Ahmad, R. Dhaini, and X. Jiang, “WiMAX-VPON: A framework of layer-2 VPNs for next-generation access networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 400–415, July2010.
[CrossRef]

G. Ramesh and S. Vadivelu, “Reliable routing and wavelength assignment algorithm for optical WDM networks,” Eur. J. Sci. Res., vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 85–96, 2010.

2009

G. Ramesh and S. Vadivelu, “A reliable and fault-tolerant routing for optical WDM networks,” Int. J. Comp. Sci. Inf. Secur., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 048–054, 2009Please provide page number in Ref. [19] and volume number in Ref. [24]..

F. P. N. Ghazisaidi and M. Maier, “SuperMAN: Optical-wireless integration of RPR and WiMAX,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 249–271, Mar.2009.
[CrossRef]

K. Yang, S. Ou, G. Ken, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

2008

Y. Yan, H. Yu, H. Wang, and L. Dittmann, “Integration of EPON and WiMAX networks: Uplink scheduler design,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 7137, 713704, 2008.

2007

M. Maier and M. Herzog, “STARGATE: The next evolutionary step toward unleashing the potential of WDM EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 50–56, May2007.
[CrossRef]

S. Sarkar, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “Hybrid wireless-optical broadband-access network (WOBAN): A review of relevant challenges,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3329–3340, Nov.2007.
[CrossRef]

W. Shaw, S. Wong, N. Cheng, and X. Zhu, “Hybrid architecture and integrated routing in a scalable optical-wireless access network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3443–3451, Nov.2007.
[CrossRef]

G. Shen, R. Tucker, and C.-J. Chae, “Fixed mobile convergence architectures for broadband access: Integration of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 44–50, Aug.2007.
[CrossRef]

2006

M. P. M. M. Reisslein and M. Maier, “WDM Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 518–525, Feb.2006.

2004

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 112–118, Mar.2004.
[CrossRef]

2002

Ahmad, P.-H. H.

Ahmed, A.

A. Ahmed and A. Shami, “A new bandwidth allocation algorithm for EPON-WiMAX hybrid access networks,” in GLOBECOM, 2010, pp. 1–6.

Alsolami, F. J.

F. J. Alsolami and P.-H. Ho, “A novel two-level hierarchical scheduling scheme for integrated WiMAX and EPON,” in ICS 2008, DSpace FC University, Jan. 2009.

Ansari, N.

Y. Luo, S. Yin, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, S. Nakamura, N. Ansari, and M. Cvijetic, “QoS-aware scheduling over hybrid optical wireless networks,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, NThB1.

Chae, C.-J.

G. Shen, R. Tucker, and C.-J. Chae, “Fixed mobile convergence architectures for broadband access: Integration of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 44–50, Aug.2007.
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.-H.

K. Yang, S. Ou, G. Ken, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

Cheng, N.

Cvijetic, M.

Y. Luo, S. Yin, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, S. Nakamura, N. Ansari, and M. Cvijetic, “QoS-aware scheduling over hybrid optical wireless networks,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, NThB1.

Y. Lou, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijetic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2006, NThG1.

Davik, F.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 112–118, Mar.2004.
[CrossRef]

Dhaini, R.

Dittmann, L.

Y. Yan, H. Yu, H. Wang, and L. Dittmann, “Integration of EPON and WiMAX networks: Uplink scheduler design,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 7137, 713704, 2008.

Dixit, S.

S. Sarkar, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “Hybrid wireless-optical broadband-access network (WOBAN): A review of relevant challenges,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3329–3340, Nov.2007.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. Ye, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in EPON-based access network,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 1, no. 8/9, pp. 280–298, 2002.

S. Sarkar, H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “DARA: Delay-aware routing algorithm in a hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN),” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Glasgow, Scotland, June 2007, pp. 2480–2484Please provide full list of author names in Refs. [1, 5, 6, 8, 17, 24]..

Ghazisaidi, F. P. N.

Gjessing, S.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 112–118, Mar.2004.
[CrossRef]

Guo, Z.

T. Tang, G. Shou, Y. Hu, and Z. Guo, “Performance analysis of bandwidth allocation of convergence of WiMAX and EPON,” in Network Security, Wireless Communications and Trusted Computing (NSWCTC ’09), 2009, vol. 1, pp. 662–665.

Herzog, M.

M. Maier and M. Herzog, “STARGATE: The next evolutionary step toward unleashing the potential of WDM EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 50–56, May2007.
[CrossRef]

Ho, P.-H.

F. J. Alsolami and P.-H. Ho, “A novel two-level hierarchical scheduling scheme for integrated WiMAX and EPON,” in ICS 2008, DSpace FC University, Jan. 2009.

Hu, Y.

T. Tang, G. Shou, Y. Hu, and Z. Guo, “Performance analysis of bandwidth allocation of convergence of WiMAX and EPON,” in Network Security, Wireless Communications and Trusted Computing (NSWCTC ’09), 2009, vol. 1, pp. 662–665.

Huang, C.-W.

I.-S. Hwang, J.-Y. Lee, C.-W. Huang, and Z.-D. Shyu, “Advanced dynamic bandwidth allocation and scheduling scheme for the integrated architecture of EPON and WiMAX,” in 10th Mobile Data Management: Systems, Services and Middleware (MDM ’09), 2009, pp. 655–660.

Hwang, I.-S.

I.-S. Hwang, J.-Y. Lee, C.-W. Huang, and Z.-D. Shyu, “Advanced dynamic bandwidth allocation and scheduling scheme for the integrated architecture of EPON and WiMAX,” in 10th Mobile Data Management: Systems, Services and Middleware (MDM ’09), 2009, pp. 655–660.

Jiang, X.

Ken, G.

K. Yang, S. Ou, G. Ken, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

Kramer, G.

Lee, J.-Y.

I.-S. Hwang, J.-Y. Lee, C.-W. Huang, and Z.-D. Shyu, “Advanced dynamic bandwidth allocation and scheduling scheme for the integrated architecture of EPON and WiMAX,” in 10th Mobile Data Management: Systems, Services and Middleware (MDM ’09), 2009, pp. 655–660.

Lou, Y.

Y. Lou, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijetic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2006, NThG1.

Luo, Y.

Y. Luo, S. Yin, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, S. Nakamura, N. Ansari, and M. Cvijetic, “QoS-aware scheduling over hybrid optical wireless networks,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, NThB1.

Maier, M.

F. P. N. Ghazisaidi and M. Maier, “SuperMAN: Optical-wireless integration of RPR and WiMAX,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 249–271, Mar.2009.
[CrossRef]

M. Maier and M. Herzog, “STARGATE: The next evolutionary step toward unleashing the potential of WDM EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 50–56, May2007.
[CrossRef]

M. P. M. M. Reisslein and M. Maier, “WDM Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 518–525, Feb.2006.

Mukherjee, B.

S. Sarkar, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “Hybrid wireless-optical broadband-access network (WOBAN): A review of relevant challenges,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3329–3340, Nov.2007.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, and Y. Ye, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in EPON-based access network,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 1, no. 8/9, pp. 280–298, 2002.

S. Sarkar, H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “DARA: Delay-aware routing algorithm in a hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN),” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Glasgow, Scotland, June 2007, pp. 2480–2484Please provide full list of author names in Refs. [1, 5, 6, 8, 17, 24]..

Nakamura, S.

Y. Lou, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijetic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2006, NThG1.

Y. Luo, S. Yin, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, S. Nakamura, N. Ansari, and M. Cvijetic, “QoS-aware scheduling over hybrid optical wireless networks,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, NThB1.

Ou, S.

K. Yang, S. Ou, G. Ken, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

Ramesh, G.

G. Ramesh and S. Vadivelu, “Reliable routing and wavelength assignment algorithm for optical WDM networks,” Eur. J. Sci. Res., vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 85–96, 2010.

G. Ramesh and S. Vadivelu, “A reliable and fault-tolerant routing for optical WDM networks,” Int. J. Comp. Sci. Inf. Secur., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 048–054, 2009Please provide page number in Ref. [19] and volume number in Ref. [24]..

Reisslein, M. P. M. M.

M. P. M. M. Reisslein and M. Maier, “WDM Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 518–525, Feb.2006.

Sarkar, S.

S. Sarkar, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “Hybrid wireless-optical broadband-access network (WOBAN): A review of relevant challenges,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3329–3340, Nov.2007.
[CrossRef]

S. Sarkar, H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “DARA: Delay-aware routing algorithm in a hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN),” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Glasgow, Scotland, June 2007, pp. 2480–2484Please provide full list of author names in Refs. [1, 5, 6, 8, 17, 24]..

Shami, A.

A. Ahmed and A. Shami, “A new bandwidth allocation algorithm for EPON-WiMAX hybrid access networks,” in GLOBECOM, 2010, pp. 1–6.

Shaw, W.

Shen, G.

G. Shen, R. Tucker, and C.-J. Chae, “Fixed mobile convergence architectures for broadband access: Integration of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 44–50, Aug.2007.
[CrossRef]

Shou, G.

T. Tang, G. Shou, Y. Hu, and Z. Guo, “Performance analysis of bandwidth allocation of convergence of WiMAX and EPON,” in Network Security, Wireless Communications and Trusted Computing (NSWCTC ’09), 2009, vol. 1, pp. 662–665.

Shyu, Z.-D.

I.-S. Hwang, J.-Y. Lee, C.-W. Huang, and Z.-D. Shyu, “Advanced dynamic bandwidth allocation and scheduling scheme for the integrated architecture of EPON and WiMAX,” in 10th Mobile Data Management: Systems, Services and Middleware (MDM ’09), 2009, pp. 655–660.

Suemura, Y.

Y. Luo, S. Yin, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, S. Nakamura, N. Ansari, and M. Cvijetic, “QoS-aware scheduling over hybrid optical wireless networks,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, NThB1.

Tang, T.

T. Tang, G. Shou, Y. Hu, and Z. Guo, “Performance analysis of bandwidth allocation of convergence of WiMAX and EPON,” in Network Security, Wireless Communications and Trusted Computing (NSWCTC ’09), 2009, vol. 1, pp. 662–665.

Tucker, R.

G. Shen, R. Tucker, and C.-J. Chae, “Fixed mobile convergence architectures for broadband access: Integration of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 44–50, Aug.2007.
[CrossRef]

Uzun, N.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 112–118, Mar.2004.
[CrossRef]

Vadivelu, S.

G. Ramesh and S. Vadivelu, “Reliable routing and wavelength assignment algorithm for optical WDM networks,” Eur. J. Sci. Res., vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 85–96, 2010.

G. Ramesh and S. Vadivelu, “A reliable and fault-tolerant routing for optical WDM networks,” Int. J. Comp. Sci. Inf. Secur., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 048–054, 2009Please provide page number in Ref. [19] and volume number in Ref. [24]..

Wang, H.

Y. Yan, H. Yu, H. Wang, and L. Dittmann, “Integration of EPON and WiMAX networks: Uplink scheduler design,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 7137, 713704, 2008.

Wang, T.

Y. Luo, S. Yin, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, S. Nakamura, N. Ansari, and M. Cvijetic, “QoS-aware scheduling over hybrid optical wireless networks,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, NThB1.

Y. Lou, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijetic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2006, NThG1.

Weinstein, S.

Y. Lou, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijetic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2006, NThG1.

Wong, S.

Yan, Y.

Y. Yan, H. Yu, H. Wang, and L. Dittmann, “Integration of EPON and WiMAX networks: Uplink scheduler design,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 7137, 713704, 2008.

Yang, K.

K. Yang, S. Ou, G. Ken, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

Ye, Y.

Yen, H.

S. Sarkar, H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “DARA: Delay-aware routing algorithm in a hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN),” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Glasgow, Scotland, June 2007, pp. 2480–2484Please provide full list of author names in Refs. [1, 5, 6, 8, 17, 24]..

Yilmaz, M.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 112–118, Mar.2004.
[CrossRef]

Yin, S.

Y. Luo, S. Yin, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, S. Nakamura, N. Ansari, and M. Cvijetic, “QoS-aware scheduling over hybrid optical wireless networks,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, NThB1.

Yu, H.

Y. Yan, H. Yu, H. Wang, and L. Dittmann, “Integration of EPON and WiMAX networks: Uplink scheduler design,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 7137, 713704, 2008.

Zhu, X.

Eur. J. Sci. Res.

G. Ramesh and S. Vadivelu, “Reliable routing and wavelength assignment algorithm for optical WDM networks,” Eur. J. Sci. Res., vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 85–96, 2010.

IEEE Commun. Mag.

M. Maier and M. Herzog, “STARGATE: The next evolutionary step toward unleashing the potential of WDM EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 50–56, May2007.
[CrossRef]

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, and N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 112–118, Mar.2004.
[CrossRef]

G. Shen, R. Tucker, and C.-J. Chae, “Fixed mobile convergence architectures for broadband access: Integration of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 44–50, Aug.2007.
[CrossRef]

M. P. M. M. Reisslein and M. Maier, “WDM Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 518–525, Feb.2006.

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

K. Yang, S. Ou, G. Ken, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Comp. Sci. Inf. Secur.

G. Ramesh and S. Vadivelu, “A reliable and fault-tolerant routing for optical WDM networks,” Int. J. Comp. Sci. Inf. Secur., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 048–054, 2009Please provide page number in Ref. [19] and volume number in Ref. [24]..

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Commun. Netw.

J. Opt. Netw.

Proc. SPIE

Y. Yan, H. Yu, H. Wang, and L. Dittmann, “Integration of EPON and WiMAX networks: Uplink scheduler design,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 7137, 713704, 2008.

Other

I.-S. Hwang, J.-Y. Lee, C.-W. Huang, and Z.-D. Shyu, “Advanced dynamic bandwidth allocation and scheduling scheme for the integrated architecture of EPON and WiMAX,” in 10th Mobile Data Management: Systems, Services and Middleware (MDM ’09), 2009, pp. 655–660.

T. Tang, G. Shou, Y. Hu, and Z. Guo, “Performance analysis of bandwidth allocation of convergence of WiMAX and EPON,” in Network Security, Wireless Communications and Trusted Computing (NSWCTC ’09), 2009, vol. 1, pp. 662–665.

http://www-b2.is.tokushima-u.ac.jp/ ikeda/suuri/dijkstra/Dijkstra.shtml.

“IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks—Part 16: Air Interface for Fixed Broadband Wireless Access Systems,” IEEE Std 802.16-2004, 2004.

http://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns/.

http://www.antd.nist.gov/seamlessandsecure/toolsuite.html.

F. J. Alsolami and P.-H. Ho, “A novel two-level hierarchical scheduling scheme for integrated WiMAX and EPON,” in ICS 2008, DSpace FC University, Jan. 2009.

A. Ahmed and A. Shami, “A new bandwidth allocation algorithm for EPON-WiMAX hybrid access networks,” in GLOBECOM, 2010, pp. 1–6.

Y. Luo, S. Yin, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, S. Nakamura, N. Ansari, and M. Cvijetic, “QoS-aware scheduling over hybrid optical wireless networks,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, NThB1.

Y. Lou, T. Wang, S. Weinstein, M. Cvijetic, and S. Nakamura, “Integrating optical and wireless services in the access network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2006, NThG1.

S. Sarkar, H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “DARA: Delay-aware routing algorithm in a hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN),” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Glasgow, Scotland, June 2007, pp. 2480–2484Please provide full list of author names in Refs. [1, 5, 6, 8, 17, 24]..

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Figures (16)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) RPR–EPON–WiMAX network architecture.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

OLT node structure.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Path and queue selection of an OLT node.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

WiMAX frame structure.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Uplink cycle structure for the TDM EPON in an RPR–EPON–WiMAX network.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Structure of the downlink EPON cycle in an RPR–EPON–WiMAX network.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

OLT admission control in the case of failure.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

OLT admission control in normal operation.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) Average throughput of UGS service type in regular operation.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(Color online) Network bandwidth utilization in regular operation.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(Color online) Delay of UGS service type in regular operation.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

(Color online) Average delay of rtPS service type in regular operation.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

(Color online) Connection rejection in loaded operation.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

(Color online) Network bandwidth utilization in loaded operation.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

(Color online) Rejection due to violation of delay limits.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

(Color online) Delays of nrtPS and BE service types.

Tables (1)

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Table I QoS Parameter Settings for the RPR–EPON–WIMAX Simulation

Equations (14)

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Wrd=route linksWld.
Wlc=Rt/C,
Wrc=max(Wlcroute links).
Ci=Rser/Ri,
Cost(i)=Di+Fc(i),
Fc(i)=Dmin+Ci(DmaxDmin).
TEPON_cycle=TPriOLT_sub_cycle+TSecOLT_sub_cycle,
TOLT_sub_cycle=ηmin(Fl)if OLT work0if OLT fail,
COLT_min=min(BOLT_req_min,WOLTCRing),
WOLT=BOLT_req_minall OLTsBOLT_req_min.
CRing_rem=CRing_un_resv+all OLTsBOLT_unused.
COLT_FE=BOLT_FE_SizeCRing_remall OLTsBOLT_FE_Size,
BOLT=COLT_min+COLT_FE.
CEPON=BPriOLT+BSecOLT.