Abstract

The Ethernet passive optical network is being regarded as one of the best solutions for next-generation optical access solutions. In time-division multiplexing–passive optical network technology (TDM–PON), the dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) plays a crucial role in efficiently and fairly allocating the bandwidth between all users. Moreover, the quality of service (QoS) is also an essential requirement to support triple-play services. However, many proposed DBA mechanisms are still unable to solve the idle period problem and enhance the differentiated services (DiffServ), which will decrease the quality of overall system performance. Therefore, this paper proposes a generic QoS-aware interleaved dynamic bandwidth allocation (QA-IDBA). The QA-IDBA can operate adaptively bi-partitioned interleaved scheduling with QoS-based predictive limit bandwidth allocation (QP-LBA) and excess bandwidth reallocation (EBR) with the remaining bandwidth compensation scheme to eliminate the idle period, enhance QoS, and effectively reduce high-priority traffic delay and jitter. We conduct detailed simulation experiments with 16 and 32 optical network units (ONUs) to show the scalability. Simulation results show that our proposed algorithms can accommodate the growth of ONUs and achieve better overall quality of system performance even if the high-priority traffic is increasing from 20%, 40%, and 60%.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Hwang and M. Yoo, “QoS-aware class gated DBA algorithm for the EPON system,” in Int. Conf. Advanced Technologies for Communications, Oct. 2008, pp. 363–366.
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  8. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 89–107, Jan.2002.
    [CrossRef]
  9. I. S. Hwang, Z. D. Shyu, L. Y. Ke, and C. C. Chang, “A novel early DBA mechanism with prediction-based fair excessive bandwidth allocation scheme in EPON,” Comput. Commun., vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1814–1823, June2008.
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, Nov.2003.
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (2)

2010 (3)

W. P. Chen, W. F. Wang, and W. S. Hwang, “Adaptive dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm with sorting report messages for Ethernet passive optical network,” IET Commun., vol. 4, no. 18, pp. 2230–2239, Dec.2010.
[CrossRef]

Y. Okumura, “Traffic control algorithm offering multi-class fairness in PON based access networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 712–715, 2010.
[CrossRef]

C. C. Sue and H. W. Cheng, “A fitting report position scheme for the gated IPACT dynamic bandwidth algorithm in EPONs,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 624–637, Apr.2010.
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

I. S. Hwang, Z. D. Shyu, L. Y. Ke, and C. C. Chang, “A novel early DBA mechanism with prediction-based fair excessive bandwidth allocation scheme in EPON,” Comput. Commun., vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1814–1823, June2008.
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

J. Zheng, “Efficient bandwidth allocation algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Proc. Commun., vol. 153, no. 3, pp. 464–468, June2006.
[CrossRef]

H. Naser and H. T. Mouftah, “A joint-ONU interval-based dynamic scheduling algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 889–899, Aug.2006.
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, J. Chen, and S. He, “Efficient and fine scheduling algorithm for bandwidth allocation in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 653–660, July–Aug.2006.
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, “Bandwidth allocation for multiservice access on EPON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 2, pp. S16–S21, Feb.2005.
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

M. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, “Ethernet PONs: A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 8, pp. S8–S15, Aug.2004.
[CrossRef]

P. E. Green, “Fiber to the home: The next big broadband thing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 100–106, Sept.2004.
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, Nov.2003.
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirth, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 1, no. 8, pp. 280–298, Aug.2002.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 89–107, Jan.2002.
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pessavento, “Ethernet PON (ePON): Design and analysis of an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 307–319, July2001.
[CrossRef]

Ali, M. A.

C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, Nov.2003.
[CrossRef]

Ansari, N.

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, “Bandwidth allocation for multiservice access on EPON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 2, pp. S16–S21, Feb.2005.
[CrossRef]

Assi, C. M.

C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, Nov.2003.
[CrossRef]

Attygalle, M.

Babic, G.

R. Jain, A. Durresi, and G. Babic, “Throughput fairness index: An explanation,” ATM Forum/99-0045, Feb.1999.

Bai, X.

X. Bai and A. Shami, “Modeling self-similar traffic for network simulation,” Tech. Rep. NetRep-2005-01, 2005.

Bazant, A.

Berisa, T.

Black, D.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” IETF RFC 2475, 1998.

Blake, S.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” IETF RFC 2475, 1998.

Carlson, M.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” IETF RFC 2475, 1998.

Chan, C. A.

Chang, C. C.

I. S. Hwang, Z. D. Shyu, L. Y. Ke, and C. C. Chang, “A novel early DBA mechanism with prediction-based fair excessive bandwidth allocation scheme in EPON,” Comput. Commun., vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1814–1823, June2008.
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

J. Chen, B. Chen, and L. Wosinska, “Joint bandwidth scheduling to support differentiated services and multiple service providers in 1G and 10G EPONs,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 343–351, Sept.2009.
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, J. Chen, and S. He, “Efficient and fine scheduling algorithm for bandwidth allocation in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 653–660, July–Aug.2006.
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

J. Chen, B. Chen, and L. Wosinska, “Joint bandwidth scheduling to support differentiated services and multiple service providers in 1G and 10G EPONs,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 343–351, Sept.2009.
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, J. Chen, and S. He, “Efficient and fine scheduling algorithm for bandwidth allocation in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 653–660, July–Aug.2006.
[CrossRef]

Chen, W. P.

W. P. Chen, W. F. Wang, and W. S. Hwang, “Adaptive dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm with sorting report messages for Ethernet passive optical network,” IET Commun., vol. 4, no. 18, pp. 2230–2239, Dec.2010.
[CrossRef]

Cheng, H. W.

C. C. Sue and H. W. Cheng, “A fitting report position scheme for the gated IPACT dynamic bandwidth algorithm in EPONs,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 624–637, Apr.2010.
[CrossRef]

Cheng, T. H.

M. Ma, Y. Zhu, and T. H. Cheng, “A bandwidth guaranteed polling MAC protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, San Francisco, CA, Apr. 2003, pp. 22–31.

Choi, S. Y.

Choo, H.

Chung, M. Y.

Davies, E.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” IETF RFC 2475, 1998.

Dixit, S.

C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, Nov.2003.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirth, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 1, no. 8, pp. 280–298, Aug.2002.

Durresi, A.

R. Jain, A. Durresi, and G. Babic, “Throughput fairness index: An explanation,” ATM Forum/99-0045, Feb.1999.

Erramilli, A.

W. Willinger, M. S. Taqqu, and A. Erramilli, “A bibliographical guide to self-similar traffic and performance modeling for modern high-speed networks,” in Stochastic Networks: Theory and Applications, vol. 4. Oxford Univ. Press, 1996.

Green, P. E.

P. E. Green, “Fiber to the home: The next big broadband thing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 100–106, Sept.2004.
[CrossRef]

He, S.

B. Chen, J. Chen, and S. He, “Efficient and fine scheduling algorithm for bandwidth allocation in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 653–660, July–Aug.2006.
[CrossRef]

Hirth, R.

Hwang, I. S.

I. S. Hwang, Z. D. Shyu, L. Y. Ke, and C. C. Chang, “A novel early DBA mechanism with prediction-based fair excessive bandwidth allocation scheme in EPON,” Comput. Commun., vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1814–1823, June2008.
[CrossRef]

I. S. Hwang, J. Y. Lee, and Z. D. Shyu, “A scalable interleaved DBA mechanism within polling cycle for the Ethernet passive optical networks,” in IAENG Int. Conf. Computer Science, Mar. 2010, pp. 238–243.

Hwang, J.

J. Hwang and M. Yoo, “QoS-aware class gated DBA algorithm for the EPON system,” in Int. Conf. Advanced Technologies for Communications, Oct. 2008, pp. 363–366.

Hwang, W. S.

W. P. Chen, W. F. Wang, and W. S. Hwang, “Adaptive dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm with sorting report messages for Ethernet passive optical network,” IET Commun., vol. 4, no. 18, pp. 2230–2239, Dec.2010.
[CrossRef]

Ilic, Z.

Jain, R.

R. Jain, A. Durresi, and G. Babic, “Throughput fairness index: An explanation,” ATM Forum/99-0045, Feb.1999.

Ke, L. Y.

I. S. Hwang, Z. D. Shyu, L. Y. Ke, and C. C. Chang, “A novel early DBA mechanism with prediction-based fair excessive bandwidth allocation scheme in EPON,” Comput. Commun., vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1814–1823, June2008.
[CrossRef]

Kramer, G.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 89–107, Jan.2002.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirth, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 1, no. 8, pp. 280–298, Aug.2002.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pessavento, “Ethernet PON (ePON): Design and analysis of an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 307–319, July2001.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, Ethernet Passive Optical Networks. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2005.

Lee, J. Y.

I. S. Hwang, J. Y. Lee, and Z. D. Shyu, “A scalable interleaved DBA mechanism within polling cycle for the Ethernet passive optical networks,” in IAENG Int. Conf. Computer Science, Mar. 2010, pp. 238–243.

Lee, S.

Lee, T. J.

Luo, Y.

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, “Bandwidth allocation for multiservice access on EPON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 2, pp. S16–S21, Feb.2005.
[CrossRef]

Ma, M.

M. Ma, Y. Zhu, and T. H. Cheng, “A bandwidth guaranteed polling MAC protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, San Francisco, CA, Apr. 2003, pp. 22–31.

Maier, M.

M. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, “Ethernet PONs: A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 8, pp. S8–S15, Aug.2004.
[CrossRef]

McGarry, M.

M. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, “Ethernet PONs: A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 8, pp. S8–S15, Aug.2004.
[CrossRef]

Mouftah, H. T.

H. Naser and H. T. Mouftah, “A joint-ONU interval-based dynamic scheduling algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 889–899, Aug.2006.
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, B.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirth, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 1, no. 8, pp. 280–298, Aug.2002.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 89–107, Jan.2002.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pessavento, “Ethernet PON (ePON): Design and analysis of an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 307–319, July2001.
[CrossRef]

Naser, H.

H. Naser and H. T. Mouftah, “A joint-ONU interval-based dynamic scheduling algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 889–899, Aug.2006.
[CrossRef]

Nirmalathas, A.

Okumura, Y.

Y. Okumura, “Traffic control algorithm offering multi-class fairness in PON based access networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 712–715, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Pesavento, G.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 89–107, Jan.2002.
[CrossRef]

Pessavento, G.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pessavento, “Ethernet PON (ePON): Design and analysis of an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 307–319, July2001.
[CrossRef]

Reisslein, M.

M. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, “Ethernet PONs: A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 8, pp. S8–S15, Aug.2004.
[CrossRef]

Shami, A.

X. Bai and A. Shami, “Modeling self-similar traffic for network simulation,” Tech. Rep. NetRep-2005-01, 2005.

Shyu, Z. D.

I. S. Hwang, Z. D. Shyu, L. Y. Ke, and C. C. Chang, “A novel early DBA mechanism with prediction-based fair excessive bandwidth allocation scheme in EPON,” Comput. Commun., vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1814–1823, June2008.
[CrossRef]

I. S. Hwang, J. Y. Lee, and Z. D. Shyu, “A scalable interleaved DBA mechanism within polling cycle for the Ethernet passive optical networks,” in IAENG Int. Conf. Computer Science, Mar. 2010, pp. 238–243.

Sue, C. C.

C. C. Sue and H. W. Cheng, “A fitting report position scheme for the gated IPACT dynamic bandwidth algorithm in EPONs,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 624–637, Apr.2010.
[CrossRef]

Taqqu, M. S.

W. Willinger, M. S. Taqqu, and A. Erramilli, “A bibliographical guide to self-similar traffic and performance modeling for modern high-speed networks,” in Stochastic Networks: Theory and Applications, vol. 4. Oxford Univ. Press, 1996.

Wang, W. F.

W. P. Chen, W. F. Wang, and W. S. Hwang, “Adaptive dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm with sorting report messages for Ethernet passive optical network,” IET Commun., vol. 4, no. 18, pp. 2230–2239, Dec.2010.
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” IETF RFC 2475, 1998.

Weiss, W.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” IETF RFC 2475, 1998.

Willinger, W.

W. Willinger, M. S. Taqqu, and A. Erramilli, “A bibliographical guide to self-similar traffic and performance modeling for modern high-speed networks,” in Stochastic Networks: Theory and Applications, vol. 4. Oxford Univ. Press, 1996.

Wosinska, L.

Ye, Y.

C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, Nov.2003.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirth, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 1, no. 8, pp. 280–298, Aug.2002.

Yoo, M.

J. Hwang and M. Yoo, “QoS-aware class gated DBA algorithm for the EPON system,” in Int. Conf. Advanced Technologies for Communications, Oct. 2008, pp. 363–366.

Zheng, J.

J. Zheng, “Efficient bandwidth allocation algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Proc. Commun., vol. 153, no. 3, pp. 464–468, June2006.
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

M. Ma, Y. Zhu, and T. H. Cheng, “A bandwidth guaranteed polling MAC protocol for Ethernet passive optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, San Francisco, CA, Apr. 2003, pp. 22–31.

Comput. Commun. (1)

I. S. Hwang, Z. D. Shyu, L. Y. Ke, and C. C. Chang, “A novel early DBA mechanism with prediction-based fair excessive bandwidth allocation scheme in EPON,” Comput. Commun., vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1814–1823, June2008.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (3)

P. E. Green, “Fiber to the home: The next big broadband thing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 100–106, Sept.2004.
[CrossRef]

Y. Luo and N. Ansari, “Bandwidth allocation for multiservice access on EPON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 2, pp. S16–S21, Feb.2005.
[CrossRef]

M. McGarry, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, “Ethernet PONs: A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 8, pp. S8–S15, Aug.2004.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, Nov.2003.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. Chen, J. Chen, and S. He, “Efficient and fine scheduling algorithm for bandwidth allocation in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 653–660, July–Aug.2006.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Proc. Commun. (1)

J. Zheng, “Efficient bandwidth allocation algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Proc. Commun., vol. 153, no. 3, pp. 464–468, June2006.
[CrossRef]

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (2)

H. Naser and H. T. Mouftah, “A joint-ONU interval-based dynamic scheduling algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 889–899, Aug.2006.
[CrossRef]

C. C. Sue and H. W. Cheng, “A fitting report position scheme for the gated IPACT dynamic bandwidth algorithm in EPONs,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 624–637, Apr.2010.
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

Y. Okumura, “Traffic control algorithm offering multi-class fairness in PON based access networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 712–715, 2010.
[CrossRef]

IET Commun. (1)

W. P. Chen, W. F. Wang, and W. S. Hwang, “Adaptive dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm with sorting report messages for Ethernet passive optical network,” IET Commun., vol. 4, no. 18, pp. 2230–2239, Dec.2010.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (3)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Photonic Network Commun. (2)

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 89–107, Jan.2002.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Operation of the QA-IDBA mechanism.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Flowchart of the QA-IDBA mechanism.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Flowchart of the QoS-based EBR scheme.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

End-to-end delay versus various traffic load comparisons with the PFEBR scheme and DPA scheme for 16 and 32 ONUs.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Throughput versus various traffic load comparisons with the PFEBR scheme and DPA scheme for 16 and 32 ONUs.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

EF jitter and average packet loss ratio versus various traffic load comparisons with the PFEBR scheme and DPA scheme for 16 and 32 ONUs.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Fairness using Jain’s index versus various traffic load comparisons with the PFEBR scheme and DPA scheme for 16 and 32 ONUs.

Tables (2)

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Table I Definition of Parameters

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Table II Simulation Scenario

Equations (9)

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Bavailable=r×TcycleMaxN×TgN×512,
Sn,1Bavailable=Bavailable×1j=N/2+1NSn,2Wj,
Sn,2Bavailable=Bavailable×1j=1N/2Sn,1Wj,
ΔPn,jEF=HjEF¯×Twaiting,j/Tcycle,jΔPn,jAF=Rn,jAFHjAF¯ΔPn,jBE=Rn,jBEHjBE¯.
Sn,iBjMin=Sn,iBavailableNumber of ONUs for group i in cycle n,
FVn,i,jEF=minPn,jEF,Sn,iBjMinFVn,i,jAF=minPn,jAF,Sn,iBjMinFVn,i,jEFFVn,i,jBE=minPn,jBE,Sn,iBjMinFVn,i,jEF+AF.
Bexcess=jLSn,iBjMinPn,j,
Bremain=BexcessjHPn,jSn,iBjMin,
f=i=1NG[i]2Ni=1NG[i]2,