Abstract

Over the past decade, the scientific community has thrown itself into assessing optical burst switching (OBS) as the switching technology for next-generation all-optical networks. In this regard, a significant amount of work has concentrated on providing OBS with the required carrier-class features. During this process, however, little attention has been paid to fundamental questions on the interoperability and interworking issues that OBS will have to face in a heterogeneous network scenario such as the future Internet. This article introduces a generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS)-based control plane architecture for future OBS networks. This GMPLS/OBS control plane solution leverages on the GMPLS interoperability to enable seamless vertical and horizontal OBS integration with different switching layers under a common control plane. The burst label switched path (b-LSP) entity has been introduced to accomplish this purpose, as well as to guarantee end-users’ quality of service (QoS) requirements to effectively support emerging data applications. The establishment of a b-LSP does not entail explicit resource reservation, but the addition of new entries in the OBS node forwarding tables with the resources available for that b-LSP. Hence, by making a resource available to multiple b-LSPs, the statistical multiplexing nature of OBS is preserved. A mixed integer linear programing formulation has been presented to get the most out of the available resources given the expected traffic demands and their QoS requirements. Moreover, in the network operation phase, GMPLS-driven b-LSP capacity reconfigurations are dynamically triggered whenever unfavorable network conditions are detected. An exhaustive simulation campaign assesses the performance of the proposed GMPLS/OBS network architecture on different network scenarios. Finally, future research lines on the topic are outlined.

© 2012 OSA

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2011 (1)

2010 (3)

O. Pedrola, M. Klinkowski, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, S. Rumley, and C. Gaumier, “JAVOBS: a flexible simulator for OBS network architectures,” J. Networks, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 256–264, Feb.2010.

M. Klinkowski, J. Pedro, D. Careglio, M. Pióro, J. Pires, P. Monteiro, and J. Solé-Pareta, “An overview of routing methods in optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 41–53, Apr.2010.

N. Akar, E. Karasan, K. G. Vlachos, E. A. Varvarigos, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, and J. Solé-Pareta, “A survey of quality of service differentiation mechanisms for optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–11, Jan.2010.

2009 (1)

2006 (4)

L. Yang and G. N. Rouskas, “Adaptive path selection in OBS networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 3002–3011, Aug.2006.

M. J. O’Mahony, C. Politi, D. Klonidis, R. Nejabati, and D. Simeonidou, “Future optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 4684–469, Dec.2006.

N. Barakat and E. H. Sargent, “Separating resource reservations from service requests to improve the performance of optical burst-switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 95–107, Apr.2006.

K. Long, X. Yang, S. Huang, and Y. Kuang, “A GMPLS-based OBS architecture for IP-over-WDM networks,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 6354, 63540H, 2006.

2005 (1)

A. Jajszczyk, “Automatically switched optical networks: benefits and requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 2, pp. S10–S15, Feb.2005.

2004 (2)

Q. Zhang, V. Vokkarane, J. P. Jue, and B. Chen, “Absolute QoS differentiation in optical burst-switched networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1781–1795, Nov.2004.

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, and Y. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, May–June2004.

2003 (4)

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, and S. J. B. Yoo, “A unified study of contention-resolution schemes in optical packet-switched networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 672–683, Mar.2003.

S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: An availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 203–225, May2003.

Z. Rosberg, H. L. Vu, M. Zukerman, and J. White, “Performance analyses of optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1187–1197, Sept.2003.

J. Liu, N. Ansari, and T. J. Ott, “FRR for latency reduction and QoS provisioning in OBS networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1210–1219, Sept.2003.

2000 (3)

C. Qiao, “Labeled optical burst switching for IP-over-WDM integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 104–114, Sept.2000.

M. Yoo, C. Qiao, and S. Dixit, “QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2062–2071, Oct.2000.

J. Y. Wei and R. I. McFarland, “Just-in-time signaling for WDM optical burst switching networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2019–2037, Dec.2000.

Ahn, S.

H. Lim, S. Ahn, E. Kim, and H. Park, “A QoS-based adaptive resource sharing protection for optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. ICOIN, 2006.

Akar, N.

N. Akar, E. Karasan, K. G. Vlachos, E. A. Varvarigos, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, and J. Solé-Pareta, “A survey of quality of service differentiation mechanisms for optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–11, Jan.2010.

Alnuweiri, H.

A. Kaheel and H. Alnuweiri, “A strict priority scheme for quality-of-service provisioning in optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. of ISCC, 2003.

Andersson, L.

D. Fedyk, L. Berger, and L. Andersson, “Generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) Ethernet label switching architecture and framework,” IETF RFC 5828, Mar.2010.

Ansari, N.

J. Liu, N. Ansari, and T. J. Ott, “FRR for latency reduction and QoS provisioning in OBS networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1210–1219, Sept.2003.

Awduche, D.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, “RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels,” IETF RFC 3209, Dec.2001.

Barakat, N.

N. Barakat and E. H. Sargent, “Separating resource reservations from service requests to improve the performance of optical burst-switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 95–107, Apr.2006.

Berger, L.

L. Berger, “Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) signaling resource reservation protocol-traffic engineering (RSVP-TE) extensions,” IETF RFC 3473, Jan.2003.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, “RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels,” IETF RFC 3209, Dec.2001.

D. Fedyk, L. Berger, and L. Andersson, “Generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) Ethernet label switching architecture and framework,” IETF RFC 5828, Mar.2010.

Bernstein, G.

Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, and W. Imajuku, “Framework for GMPLS and path computation element (PCE) control of wavelength switched optical networks (WSONs),” IETF RFC 6163, Apr.2011.

Braden, R.

R. Braden and L. Zhang, “Resource ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP)—Version 1 Message Processing Rules,” IETF RFC 2209, Sept.1997.

Braun, H. W.

K. C. Claffy, G. C. Polyzos, and H. W. Braun, “Traffic characteristics of the T1 NSFNET backbone,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, San Francisco, CA, Apr. 1993.

Brungard, D.

D. Papadimitriou, M. Vigoureux, K. Shiomoto, D. Brungard, and J. L. Le Roux, “Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) protocol extensions for multi-layer and multi-region networks (MLN/MRN),” IETF RFC 6001, Oct.2010.

K. Shiomoto, D. Papadimitriou, J. L. Le Roux, M. Vigoureux, and D. Brungard, “Requirements for GMPLS-based multi-region and multi-layer networks (MRN/MLN),” IETF RFC 5212, July2008.

Bryskin, I.

A. Farrel and I. Bryskin, GMPLS: Architecture and Applications. Morgan Kaufmann Series in Networking, 2006.

Careglio, D.

M. Klinkowski, P. Pedroso, D. Careglio, M. Pióro, and J. Solé-Pareta, “Joint routing and wavelength allocation subject to absolute QoS constraints in OBS networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 22, pp. 3433–3444, 2011.

M. Klinkowski, J. Pedro, D. Careglio, M. Pióro, J. Pires, P. Monteiro, and J. Solé-Pareta, “An overview of routing methods in optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 41–53, Apr.2010.

O. Pedrola, M. Klinkowski, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, S. Rumley, and C. Gaumier, “JAVOBS: a flexible simulator for OBS network architectures,” J. Networks, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 256–264, Feb.2010.

N. Akar, E. Karasan, K. G. Vlachos, E. A. Varvarigos, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, and J. Solé-Pareta, “A survey of quality of service differentiation mechanisms for optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–11, Jan.2010.

M. Klinkowski, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, and M. Marciniak, “Performance overview of the offset time emulated OBS network architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 14, pp. 2751–2764, 2009.

M. Klinkowski, P. Pedroso, M. Pióro, D. Careglio, and J. Solé-Pareta, “Virtual topology design in OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE ICTON, Munich, Germany, June 2010.

Chen, B.

Q. Zhang, V. Vokkarane, J. P. Jue, and B. Chen, “Absolute QoS differentiation in optical burst-switched networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1781–1795, Nov.2004.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, and Y. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, May–June2004.

Claffy, K. C.

K. C. Claffy, G. C. Polyzos, and H. W. Braun, “Traffic characteristics of the T1 NSFNET backbone,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, San Francisco, CA, Apr. 1993.

Colle, D.

S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: An availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 203–225, May2003.

De Maesschalck, S.

S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: An availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 203–225, May2003.

Demeester, P.

S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: An availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 203–225, May2003.

Derkacz, J.

S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: An availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 203–225, May2003.

Dixit, S.

M. Yoo, C. Qiao, and S. Dixit, “QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2062–2071, Oct.2000.

Farrel, A.

A. Farrel and I. Bryskin, GMPLS: Architecture and Applications. Morgan Kaufmann Series in Networking, 2006.

Fedyk, D.

D. Fedyk, L. Berger, and L. Andersson, “Generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) Ethernet label switching architecture and framework,” IETF RFC 5828, Mar.2010.

Gan, D.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, “RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels,” IETF RFC 3209, Dec.2001.

Gauger, C. M.

C. M. Gauger, “Performance of converter pools for contention resolution in optical burst switching,” in Proc. OptiComm, July 2002.

Gaumier, C.

O. Pedrola, M. Klinkowski, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, S. Rumley, and C. Gaumier, “JAVOBS: a flexible simulator for OBS network architectures,” J. Networks, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 256–264, Feb.2010.

Huang, S.

K. Long, X. Yang, S. Huang, and Y. Kuang, “A GMPLS-based OBS architecture for IP-over-WDM networks,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 6354, 63540H, 2006.

Imajuku, W.

Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, and W. Imajuku, “Framework for GMPLS and path computation element (PCE) control of wavelength switched optical networks (WSONs),” IETF RFC 6163, Apr.2011.

Inkret, R.

S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: An availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 203–225, May2003.

Jaeger, M.

S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: An availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 203–225, May2003.

Jajszczyk, A.

A. Jajszczyk, “Automatically switched optical networks: benefits and requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 2, pp. S10–S15, Feb.2005.

Jue, J. P.

Q. Zhang, V. Vokkarane, J. P. Jue, and B. Chen, “Absolute QoS differentiation in optical burst-switched networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1781–1795, Nov.2004.

Kaheel, A.

A. Kaheel and H. Alnuweiri, “A strict priority scheme for quality-of-service provisioning in optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. of ISCC, 2003.

Karasan, E.

N. Akar, E. Karasan, K. G. Vlachos, E. A. Varvarigos, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, and J. Solé-Pareta, “A survey of quality of service differentiation mechanisms for optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–11, Jan.2010.

Karmous-Edwards, G.

Y. Xin, J. Teng, G. Karmous-Edwards, G. N. Rouskas, and D. Stevenson, “Fault management with fast restoration for optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. BROADNETS, 2004.

Kim, E.

H. Lim, S. Ahn, E. Kim, and H. Park, “A QoS-based adaptive resource sharing protection for optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. ICOIN, 2006.

Klinkowski, M.

M. Klinkowski, P. Pedroso, D. Careglio, M. Pióro, and J. Solé-Pareta, “Joint routing and wavelength allocation subject to absolute QoS constraints in OBS networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 22, pp. 3433–3444, 2011.

M. Klinkowski, J. Pedro, D. Careglio, M. Pióro, J. Pires, P. Monteiro, and J. Solé-Pareta, “An overview of routing methods in optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 41–53, Apr.2010.

O. Pedrola, M. Klinkowski, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, S. Rumley, and C. Gaumier, “JAVOBS: a flexible simulator for OBS network architectures,” J. Networks, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 256–264, Feb.2010.

N. Akar, E. Karasan, K. G. Vlachos, E. A. Varvarigos, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, and J. Solé-Pareta, “A survey of quality of service differentiation mechanisms for optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–11, Jan.2010.

M. Klinkowski, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, and M. Marciniak, “Performance overview of the offset time emulated OBS network architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 14, pp. 2751–2764, 2009.

M. Klinkowski, Graphs and Algorithms in Communication Networks—Studies in Broadband, Optical, Wireless, and Ad Hoc Networks, A. Koster and X. Muñoz, Eds. Springer-Verlag, 2009, pp. 165–181.

M. Klinkowski, P. Pedroso, M. Pióro, D. Careglio, and J. Solé-Pareta, “Virtual topology design in OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE ICTON, Munich, Germany, June 2010.

Klonidis, D.

Kompella, K.

K. Kompella and Y. Rekhter, “Signaling unnumbered links in RSVP-TE,” IETF RFC 3477, Jan.2003.

Kuang, Y.

K. Long, X. Yang, S. Huang, and Y. Kuang, “A GMPLS-based OBS architecture for IP-over-WDM networks,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 6354, 63540H, 2006.

Le Roux, J. L.

D. Papadimitriou, M. Vigoureux, K. Shiomoto, D. Brungard, and J. L. Le Roux, “Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) protocol extensions for multi-layer and multi-region networks (MLN/MRN),” IETF RFC 6001, Oct.2010.

K. Shiomoto, D. Papadimitriou, J. L. Le Roux, M. Vigoureux, and D. Brungard, “Requirements for GMPLS-based multi-region and multi-layer networks (MRN/MLN),” IETF RFC 5212, July2008.

Lee, Y.

Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, and W. Imajuku, “Framework for GMPLS and path computation element (PCE) control of wavelength switched optical networks (WSONs),” IETF RFC 6163, Apr.2011.

Li, J.

J. Xu, C. Qiao, J. Li, and G. Xu, “Efficient channel scheduling algorithms in optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2003.

Li, T.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, “RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels,” IETF RFC 3209, Dec.2001.

Lievens, I.

S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: An availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 203–225, May2003.

Lim, H.

H. Lim, S. Ahn, E. Kim, and H. Park, “A QoS-based adaptive resource sharing protection for optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. ICOIN, 2006.

Liu, H.

K. Long, Y. Xing, X. Yang, and H. Liu, “Generalized MPLS (GMPLS) architecture’s extensions for optical burst switch network,” draft-long-gmpls-obs-00.txt (expired), Nov.2005.

Liu, J.

J. Liu, N. Ansari, and T. J. Ott, “FRR for latency reduction and QoS provisioning in OBS networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1210–1219, Sept.2003.

Long, K.

K. Long, X. Yang, S. Huang, and Y. Kuang, “A GMPLS-based OBS architecture for IP-over-WDM networks,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 6354, 63540H, 2006.

K. Long, Y. Xing, X. Yang, and H. Liu, “Generalized MPLS (GMPLS) architecture’s extensions for optical burst switch network,” draft-long-gmpls-obs-00.txt (expired), Nov.2005.

Marciniak, M.

Mauz, C.

S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: An availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 203–225, May2003.

McFarland, R. I.

Medhi, D.

M. Pióro and D. Medhi, Routing, Flow, and Capacity Design in Communication and Computer Networks. Morgan Kaufmann, 2004.

Mikac, B.

S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: An availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 203–225, May2003.

Minoux, M.

M. Minoux, Mathematical Programming: Theory and Algorithms. John Wiley and Sons, 1986.

Monteiro, P.

M. Klinkowski, J. Pedro, D. Careglio, M. Pióro, J. Pires, P. Monteiro, and J. Solé-Pareta, “An overview of routing methods in optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 41–53, Apr.2010.

Mukherjee, B.

Nejabati, R.

O’Mahony, M. J.

Ott, T. J.

J. Liu, N. Ansari, and T. J. Ott, “FRR for latency reduction and QoS provisioning in OBS networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1210–1219, Sept.2003.

Papadimitriou, D.

K. Shiomoto, D. Papadimitriou, J. L. Le Roux, M. Vigoureux, and D. Brungard, “Requirements for GMPLS-based multi-region and multi-layer networks (MRN/MLN),” IETF RFC 5212, July2008.

D. Papadimitriou, M. Vigoureux, K. Shiomoto, D. Brungard, and J. L. Le Roux, “Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) protocol extensions for multi-layer and multi-region networks (MLN/MRN),” IETF RFC 6001, Oct.2010.

Park, H.

H. Lim, S. Ahn, E. Kim, and H. Park, “A QoS-based adaptive resource sharing protection for optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. ICOIN, 2006.

Pedro, J.

M. Klinkowski, J. Pedro, D. Careglio, M. Pióro, J. Pires, P. Monteiro, and J. Solé-Pareta, “An overview of routing methods in optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 41–53, Apr.2010.

Pedrola, O.

O. Pedrola, M. Klinkowski, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, S. Rumley, and C. Gaumier, “JAVOBS: a flexible simulator for OBS network architectures,” J. Networks, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 256–264, Feb.2010.

Pedroso, P.

M. Klinkowski, P. Pedroso, D. Careglio, M. Pióro, and J. Solé-Pareta, “Joint routing and wavelength allocation subject to absolute QoS constraints in OBS networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 22, pp. 3433–3444, 2011.

M. Klinkowski, P. Pedroso, M. Pióro, D. Careglio, and J. Solé-Pareta, “Virtual topology design in OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE ICTON, Munich, Germany, June 2010.

Pickavet, M.

S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: An availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 203–225, May2003.

Pióro, M.

M. Klinkowski, P. Pedroso, D. Careglio, M. Pióro, and J. Solé-Pareta, “Joint routing and wavelength allocation subject to absolute QoS constraints in OBS networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 22, pp. 3433–3444, 2011.

M. Klinkowski, J. Pedro, D. Careglio, M. Pióro, J. Pires, P. Monteiro, and J. Solé-Pareta, “An overview of routing methods in optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 41–53, Apr.2010.

M. Pióro and D. Medhi, Routing, Flow, and Capacity Design in Communication and Computer Networks. Morgan Kaufmann, 2004.

M. Klinkowski, P. Pedroso, M. Pióro, D. Careglio, and J. Solé-Pareta, “Virtual topology design in OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE ICTON, Munich, Germany, June 2010.

Pires, J.

M. Klinkowski, J. Pedro, D. Careglio, M. Pióro, J. Pires, P. Monteiro, and J. Solé-Pareta, “An overview of routing methods in optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 41–53, Apr.2010.

Politi, C.

Polyzos, G. C.

K. C. Claffy, G. C. Polyzos, and H. W. Braun, “Traffic characteristics of the T1 NSFNET backbone,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, San Francisco, CA, Apr. 1993.

Qiao, C.

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, and Y. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, May–June2004.

M. Yoo, C. Qiao, and S. Dixit, “QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2062–2071, Oct.2000.

C. Qiao, “Labeled optical burst switching for IP-over-WDM integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 104–114, Sept.2000.

J. Xu, C. Qiao, J. Li, and G. Xu, “Efficient channel scheduling algorithms in optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2003.

Rekhter, Y.

K. Kompella and Y. Rekhter, “Signaling unnumbered links in RSVP-TE,” IETF RFC 3477, Jan.2003.

Rosberg, Z.

Z. Rosberg, H. L. Vu, M. Zukerman, and J. White, “Performance analyses of optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1187–1197, Sept.2003.

Rouskas, G. N.

L. Yang and G. N. Rouskas, “Adaptive path selection in OBS networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 3002–3011, Aug.2006.

L. Yang and G. N. Rouskas, “A framework for absolute QoS guarantees in optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE BROADNETS, 2006.

Y. Xin, J. Teng, G. Karmous-Edwards, G. N. Rouskas, and D. Stevenson, “Fault management with fast restoration for optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. BROADNETS, 2004.

Rumley, S.

O. Pedrola, M. Klinkowski, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, S. Rumley, and C. Gaumier, “JAVOBS: a flexible simulator for OBS network architectures,” J. Networks, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 256–264, Feb.2010.

Sargent, E. H.

N. Barakat and E. H. Sargent, “Separating resource reservations from service requests to improve the performance of optical burst-switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 95–107, Apr.2006.

Shiomoto, K.

K. Shiomoto, D. Papadimitriou, J. L. Le Roux, M. Vigoureux, and D. Brungard, “Requirements for GMPLS-based multi-region and multi-layer networks (MRN/MLN),” IETF RFC 5212, July2008.

D. Papadimitriou, M. Vigoureux, K. Shiomoto, D. Brungard, and J. L. Le Roux, “Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) protocol extensions for multi-layer and multi-region networks (MLN/MRN),” IETF RFC 6001, Oct.2010.

Simeonidou, D.

Solé-Pareta, J.

M. Klinkowski, P. Pedroso, D. Careglio, M. Pióro, and J. Solé-Pareta, “Joint routing and wavelength allocation subject to absolute QoS constraints in OBS networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 22, pp. 3433–3444, 2011.

M. Klinkowski, J. Pedro, D. Careglio, M. Pióro, J. Pires, P. Monteiro, and J. Solé-Pareta, “An overview of routing methods in optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 41–53, Apr.2010.

O. Pedrola, M. Klinkowski, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, S. Rumley, and C. Gaumier, “JAVOBS: a flexible simulator for OBS network architectures,” J. Networks, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 256–264, Feb.2010.

N. Akar, E. Karasan, K. G. Vlachos, E. A. Varvarigos, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, and J. Solé-Pareta, “A survey of quality of service differentiation mechanisms for optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–11, Jan.2010.

M. Klinkowski, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, and M. Marciniak, “Performance overview of the offset time emulated OBS network architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 14, pp. 2751–2764, 2009.

M. Klinkowski, P. Pedroso, M. Pióro, D. Careglio, and J. Solé-Pareta, “Virtual topology design in OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE ICTON, Munich, Germany, June 2010.

Srinivasan, V.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, “RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels,” IETF RFC 3209, Dec.2001.

Stevenson, D.

Y. Xin, J. Teng, G. Karmous-Edwards, G. N. Rouskas, and D. Stevenson, “Fault management with fast restoration for optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. BROADNETS, 2004.

Swallow, G.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, “RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels,” IETF RFC 3209, Dec.2001.

Syski, R.

R. Syski, Introduction to Congestion Theory in Telephone Systems. North-Holland, 1960.

Teng, J.

Y. Xin, J. Teng, G. Karmous-Edwards, G. N. Rouskas, and D. Stevenson, “Fault management with fast restoration for optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. BROADNETS, 2004.

Varvarigos, E. A.

N. Akar, E. Karasan, K. G. Vlachos, E. A. Varvarigos, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, and J. Solé-Pareta, “A survey of quality of service differentiation mechanisms for optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–11, Jan.2010.

Vigoureux, M.

K. Shiomoto, D. Papadimitriou, J. L. Le Roux, M. Vigoureux, and D. Brungard, “Requirements for GMPLS-based multi-region and multi-layer networks (MRN/MLN),” IETF RFC 5212, July2008.

D. Papadimitriou, M. Vigoureux, K. Shiomoto, D. Brungard, and J. L. Le Roux, “Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) protocol extensions for multi-layer and multi-region networks (MLN/MRN),” IETF RFC 6001, Oct.2010.

Vlachos, K. G.

N. Akar, E. Karasan, K. G. Vlachos, E. A. Varvarigos, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, and J. Solé-Pareta, “A survey of quality of service differentiation mechanisms for optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–11, Jan.2010.

Vokkarane, V.

Q. Zhang, V. Vokkarane, J. P. Jue, and B. Chen, “Absolute QoS differentiation in optical burst-switched networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1781–1795, Nov.2004.

Vu, H. L.

Z. Rosberg, H. L. Vu, M. Zukerman, and J. White, “Performance analyses of optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1187–1197, Sept.2003.

Wei, J. Y.

White, J.

Z. Rosberg, H. L. Vu, M. Zukerman, and J. White, “Performance analyses of optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1187–1197, Sept.2003.

Xin, Y.

Y. Xin, J. Teng, G. Karmous-Edwards, G. N. Rouskas, and D. Stevenson, “Fault management with fast restoration for optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. BROADNETS, 2004.

Xing, Y.

K. Long, Y. Xing, X. Yang, and H. Liu, “Generalized MPLS (GMPLS) architecture’s extensions for optical burst switch network,” draft-long-gmpls-obs-00.txt (expired), Nov.2005.

Xu, G.

J. Xu, C. Qiao, J. Li, and G. Xu, “Efficient channel scheduling algorithms in optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2003.

Xu, J.

J. Xu, C. Qiao, J. Li, and G. Xu, “Efficient channel scheduling algorithms in optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2003.

Yang, L.

L. Yang and G. N. Rouskas, “Adaptive path selection in OBS networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 3002–3011, Aug.2006.

L. Yang and G. N. Rouskas, “A framework for absolute QoS guarantees in optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE BROADNETS, 2006.

Yang, X.

K. Long, X. Yang, S. Huang, and Y. Kuang, “A GMPLS-based OBS architecture for IP-over-WDM networks,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 6354, 63540H, 2006.

K. Long, Y. Xing, X. Yang, and H. Liu, “Generalized MPLS (GMPLS) architecture’s extensions for optical burst switch network,” draft-long-gmpls-obs-00.txt (expired), Nov.2005.

Yao, S.

Yoo, M.

M. Yoo, C. Qiao, and S. Dixit, “QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2062–2071, Oct.2000.

Yoo, S. J. B.

Yu, Y.

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, and Y. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, May–June2004.

Zhang, L.

R. Braden and L. Zhang, “Resource ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP)—Version 1 Message Processing Rules,” IETF RFC 2209, Sept.1997.

Zhang, Q.

Q. Zhang, V. Vokkarane, J. P. Jue, and B. Chen, “Absolute QoS differentiation in optical burst-switched networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1781–1795, Nov.2004.

Zukerman, M.

Z. Rosberg, H. L. Vu, M. Zukerman, and J. White, “Performance analyses of optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1187–1197, Sept.2003.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

C. Qiao, “Labeled optical burst switching for IP-over-WDM integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 104–114, Sept.2000.

A. Jajszczyk, “Automatically switched optical networks: benefits and requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 2, pp. S10–S15, Feb.2005.

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (5)

N. Barakat and E. H. Sargent, “Separating resource reservations from service requests to improve the performance of optical burst-switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 95–107, Apr.2006.

J. Liu, N. Ansari, and T. J. Ott, “FRR for latency reduction and QoS provisioning in OBS networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1210–1219, Sept.2003.

M. Yoo, C. Qiao, and S. Dixit, “QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2062–2071, Oct.2000.

Q. Zhang, V. Vokkarane, J. P. Jue, and B. Chen, “Absolute QoS differentiation in optical burst-switched networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1781–1795, Nov.2004.

Z. Rosberg, H. L. Vu, M. Zukerman, and J. White, “Performance analyses of optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1187–1197, Sept.2003.

IEEE Network (1)

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, and Y. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, May–June2004.

J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

J. Networks (1)

O. Pedrola, M. Klinkowski, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, S. Rumley, and C. Gaumier, “JAVOBS: a flexible simulator for OBS network architectures,” J. Networks, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 256–264, Feb.2010.

Opt. Switching Netw. (2)

N. Akar, E. Karasan, K. G. Vlachos, E. A. Varvarigos, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, and J. Solé-Pareta, “A survey of quality of service differentiation mechanisms for optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–11, Jan.2010.

M. Klinkowski, J. Pedro, D. Careglio, M. Pióro, J. Pires, P. Monteiro, and J. Solé-Pareta, “An overview of routing methods in optical burst switching networks,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 41–53, Apr.2010.

Photonic Network Commun. (1)

S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, and J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: An availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 203–225, May2003.

Proc. SPIE (1)

K. Long, X. Yang, S. Huang, and Y. Kuang, “A GMPLS-based OBS architecture for IP-over-WDM networks,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 6354, 63540H, 2006.

Other (24)

K. Long, Y. Xing, X. Yang, and H. Liu, “Generalized MPLS (GMPLS) architecture’s extensions for optical burst switch network,” draft-long-gmpls-obs-00.txt (expired), Nov.2005.

A. Kaheel and H. Alnuweiri, “A strict priority scheme for quality-of-service provisioning in optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. of ISCC, 2003.

Center for Integrated Access Networks (CIAN) Project: http://www.cian-erc.org/.

Metro Architectures enablINg Sub-wavelengths (MAINS) Project: http://www.ist-mains.eu/.

K. Shiomoto, D. Papadimitriou, J. L. Le Roux, M. Vigoureux, and D. Brungard, “Requirements for GMPLS-based multi-region and multi-layer networks (MRN/MLN),” IETF RFC 5212, July2008.

D. Papadimitriou, M. Vigoureux, K. Shiomoto, D. Brungard, and J. L. Le Roux, “Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) protocol extensions for multi-layer and multi-region networks (MLN/MRN),” IETF RFC 6001, Oct.2010.

Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, and W. Imajuku, “Framework for GMPLS and path computation element (PCE) control of wavelength switched optical networks (WSONs),” IETF RFC 6163, Apr.2011.

R. Syski, Introduction to Congestion Theory in Telephone Systems. North-Holland, 1960.

M. Minoux, Mathematical Programming: Theory and Algorithms. John Wiley and Sons, 1986.

M. Pióro and D. Medhi, Routing, Flow, and Capacity Design in Communication and Computer Networks. Morgan Kaufmann, 2004.

R. Braden and L. Zhang, “Resource ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP)—Version 1 Message Processing Rules,” IETF RFC 2209, Sept.1997.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, “RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP Tunnels,” IETF RFC 3209, Dec.2001.

L. Yang and G. N. Rouskas, “A framework for absolute QoS guarantees in optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE BROADNETS, 2006.

L. Berger, “Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) signaling resource reservation protocol-traffic engineering (RSVP-TE) extensions,” IETF RFC 3473, Jan.2003.

K. Kompella and Y. Rekhter, “Signaling unnumbered links in RSVP-TE,” IETF RFC 3477, Jan.2003.

M. Klinkowski, Graphs and Algorithms in Communication Networks—Studies in Broadband, Optical, Wireless, and Ad Hoc Networks, A. Koster and X. Muñoz, Eds. Springer-Verlag, 2009, pp. 165–181.

D. Fedyk, L. Berger, and L. Andersson, “Generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) Ethernet label switching architecture and framework,” IETF RFC 5828, Mar.2010.

M. Klinkowski, P. Pedroso, M. Pióro, D. Careglio, and J. Solé-Pareta, “Virtual topology design in OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE ICTON, Munich, Germany, June 2010.

A. Farrel and I. Bryskin, GMPLS: Architecture and Applications. Morgan Kaufmann Series in Networking, 2006.

H. Lim, S. Ahn, E. Kim, and H. Park, “A QoS-based adaptive resource sharing protection for optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. ICOIN, 2006.

Y. Xin, J. Teng, G. Karmous-Edwards, G. N. Rouskas, and D. Stevenson, “Fault management with fast restoration for optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. BROADNETS, 2004.

C. M. Gauger, “Performance of converter pools for contention resolution in optical burst switching,” in Proc. OptiComm, July 2002.

K. C. Claffy, G. C. Polyzos, and H. W. Braun, “Traffic characteristics of the T1 NSFNET backbone,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, San Francisco, CA, Apr. 1993.

J. Xu, C. Qiao, J. Li, and G. Xu, “Efficient channel scheduling algorithms in optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2003.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Example of a b-LSP establishment in the GMPLS/OBS network architecture.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) GMPLS/OBS virtual topology and the effect on the burst forwarding.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

RSVP-TE extensions.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) GOBS control model: validation of the LSP dimensioning model with respect to 3 different QoS demands of 1 0 3 , 1 0 4 , 1 0 5 in the NSF network.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) HP burst losses with uniform (top) and non-uniform (bottom) traffic in the NSF network (QoS = 10−3).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) NSF network: HP–BE traffic ratio of 40%–60% for the three QoS techniques: i) GOBS, ii) DWG and iii) preemption.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) EON network: HP–BE traffic ratio of 40%–60% for the three QoS techniques: i) GOBS, ii) DWG and iii) preemption.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(Color online) BLP behavior according to the percentage of HP-class traffic in the NSF network.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Time sample showing a GMPLS-driven b-LSP reconfiguration when a traffic peak is detected and the return to the original b-LSP configuration after its decrement.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Percentage of Resource Usage by GOBS and DWG QoS Techniques in the NSF and EON Networks to Allocate HP Traffic Demands

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

c = H D + λ c o m m i t t e d λ t o t a l ,
minimize e w u e w
subject to
p P d x p = 1 , d D ,
p P : p e h p x p ρ e = 0 , e E ,
ρ e a W e , e E ,
w = 1 W e u e w b w ρ e 0 , e E ,
u e w u e w + 1 0 , e E , w = 1 W e 1 ,
u e w 0 , 1 , e E , w = 1 W e ,
x ̄ { 0 , 1 } P , ρ ̄ R + E ,
ρ ( i ) = b B t b T ,
e BLP HP = B ( ρ ( i ) , L i ) < Ω i .