Abstract

Digital reconfigurable optical add–drop multiplexer systems are characterized by optical–electrical–optical (OEO) conversion of wavelength division multiplexing line wavelengths and by an electronic switching providing wavelength routing. The recent implementation of monolithically integrated large-scale photonic integrated circuits (PICs) in indium phosphide of terabit capacity cross-point switches and of high-capacity optical transport network (OTN) processor chips has allowed not only a considerable reduction in cost and power consumption of the OEO conversion stage but has also enabled the integration, in the same hardware, of OTN sub-wavelength switching and wavelength switching. To reduce the switching fabric complexity, we propose and investigate the structure of a scalable switch core composed of a space switching fabric routing only signals at a higher rate (high-order optical channel data unit (ODU)) and by OTN time–space switching fabrics switching both signals at a lower rate (low-order ODU) and a higher rate (high-order ODU). The lower hardware complexity of the proposed switching fabric is to be paid with a sub-flow blocking that we have investigated by introducing an analytical model validated by simulation. The blocking performance is evaluated as a function of the main switch and traffic parameters and under some traffic aggregation and routing policies. We show that in some traffic scenarios the blocking probability can reach a value of 108 if suitable resource management policies are adopted.

© 2012 OSA

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2012

2011

I. Katib and D. Medhi, “Optimizing node capacity in multilayer networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 581–583, May2011.
[CrossRef]

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

2010

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, pp. 40–50, July2010.
[CrossRef]

2009

Agashe, S. S.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Ayre, R.

J. Baliva, K. Hinton, R. Ayre, W. V. Sorin, and R. S. Tucker, “Energy consumption in optical IP networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, pp. 2391–2401, July2009.
[CrossRef]

M. Z. Feng, K. Hinton, R. Ayre, and R. S. Tucker, “Reducing NGN energy consumption with IP/SDH/WDM,” in 1st Int. Conf. on Energy-Efficient Computing and Networking (e-Energy), Athens, Greece, Oct. 2011.

Baliva, J.

Basch, B.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, pp. 40–50, July2010.
[CrossRef]

Belotti, P.

P. Belotti, K. Kompella, L. Ceuppens, and L. Noronha, “Transport networks at a crossroads, the roles of MPLS and OTN in packet transport networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, Mar. 2011.

Bianchi, A.

Bihon, D.

Bostak, J. S.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Butrie, R.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Casanova, M.

P. Iovanna, F. Testa, R. Sabella, A. Bianchi, M. Puleri, M. Casanova, and A. Germoni, “Packet-optical integration nodes for next generation transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 4, pp. 821–835, Oct.2012.
[CrossRef]

P. Iovanna, R. Sabella, F. Testa, P. Testa, A. Germoni, and M. Casanova, “Digital vs. all-optical networking in packet-optical integrated transport: A lifecycle cost-benefit analysis,” in 37th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Geneva, Sept. 2011.

Ceuppens, L.

P. Belotti, K. Kompella, L. Ceuppens, and L. Noronha, “Transport networks at a crossroads, the roles of MPLS and OTN in packet transport networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, Mar. 2011.

Chen, J.

J. Chen, X. Chen, J. Liu, and M. Zhao, “Open wireless system cloud: An architecture for future wireless communications system,” Netw. Commun. Technol., vol. 1, pp. 28–35, Feb.2012.

Chen, X.

J. Chen, X. Chen, J. Liu, and M. Zhao, “Open wireless system cloud: An architecture for future wireless communications system,” Netw. Commun. Technol., vol. 1, pp. 28–35, Feb.2012.

Christini, D.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Corzine, S. W.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

DeMars, S.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Dentai, A.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Dominic, V.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Egorov, R.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, pp. 40–50, July2010.
[CrossRef]

Eilenberger, G. J.

G. J. Eilenberger, “Integrated electrical/optical switching for future energy efficient packet networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, Mar. 2011.

Evans, P.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Feng, M. Z.

M. Z. Feng, K. Hinton, R. Ayre, and R. S. Tucker, “Reducing NGN energy consumption with IP/SDH/WDM,” in 1st Int. Conf. on Energy-Efficient Computing and Networking (e-Energy), Athens, Greece, Oct. 2011.

Feuer, M. D.

Filer, M.

S. Tibuleac and M. Filer, “Trends in next-generation ROADM networks,” in 37th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Geneva, Sept. 2011.

Fisher, M.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Germoni, A.

P. Iovanna, F. Testa, R. Sabella, A. Bianchi, M. Puleri, M. Casanova, and A. Germoni, “Packet-optical integration nodes for next generation transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 4, pp. 821–835, Oct.2012.
[CrossRef]

P. Iovanna, R. Sabella, F. Testa, P. Testa, A. Germoni, and M. Casanova, “Digital vs. all-optical networking in packet-optical integrated transport: A lifecycle cost-benefit analysis,” in 37th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Geneva, Sept. 2011.

Goldfarb, G.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Gringeri, S.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, pp. 40–50, July2010.
[CrossRef]

Grubb, S. G.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
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Hinton, K.

J. Baliva, K. Hinton, R. Ayre, W. V. Sorin, and R. S. Tucker, “Energy consumption in optical IP networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, pp. 2391–2401, July2009.
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M. Z. Feng, K. Hinton, R. Ayre, and R. S. Tucker, “Reducing NGN energy consumption with IP/SDH/WDM,” in 1st Int. Conf. on Energy-Efficient Computing and Networking (e-Energy), Athens, Greece, Oct. 2011.

Iovanna, P.

P. Iovanna, F. Testa, R. Sabella, A. Bianchi, M. Puleri, M. Casanova, and A. Germoni, “Packet-optical integration nodes for next generation transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 4, pp. 821–835, Oct.2012.
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P. Iovanna, R. Sabella, F. Testa, P. Testa, A. Germoni, and M. Casanova, “Digital vs. all-optical networking in packet-optical integrated transport: A lifecycle cost-benefit analysis,” in 37th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Geneva, Sept. 2011.

Jensen, R. A.

R. A. Jensen, “Optical switch architectures for emerging colorless/directionless/contentionless ROADM networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, Mar. 2011.

Joyner, C.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
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Katib, I.

I. Katib and D. Medhi, “Optimizing node capacity in multilayer networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 581–583, May2011.
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I. Katib and D. Medhi, “A study on layer correlation effects through a multilayer network optimization problem,” in 23rd Int. Teletraffic Congress (ITC), San Francisco, Sept. 2011.

I. Katib and D. Medhi, “A network protection design model and a study of three-layer networks with IP/MPLS, OTN and DWDM,” in 8th Int. Workshop on the Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN), Krakow, Poland, Oct. 2011.

Kato, M.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
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Kaufman, M.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
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Kim, I.

Kish, F. A.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
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Kompella, K.

P. Belotti, K. Kompella, L. Ceuppens, and L. Noronha, “Transport networks at a crossroads, the roles of MPLS and OTN in packet transport networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, Mar. 2011.

Kuntz, M.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
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Lal, V.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Lambert, D. J.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
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Liu, J.

J. Chen, X. Chen, J. Liu, and M. Zhao, “Open wireless system cloud: An architecture for future wireless communications system,” Netw. Commun. Technol., vol. 1, pp. 28–35, Feb.2012.

Malendevich, R.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
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McNicol, J.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Medhi, D.

I. Katib and D. Medhi, “Optimizing node capacity in multilayer networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 581–583, May2011.
[CrossRef]

I. Katib and D. Medhi, “A study on layer correlation effects through a multilayer network optimization problem,” in 23rd Int. Teletraffic Congress (ITC), San Francisco, Sept. 2011.

I. Katib and D. Medhi, “A network protection design model and a study of three-layer networks with IP/MPLS, OTN and DWDM,” in 8th Int. Workshop on the Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN), Krakow, Poland, Oct. 2011.

Melle, S.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
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S. Melle, “Building agile optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), San Diego, Mar. 2008.

S. Melle and V. Vusirikala, “Analysis of wavelength blocking in large metro core network using optical and digital ROADM transport system,” in 33rd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Sept. 2007.

S. Melle and V. Vusirikala, “Network planning and architecture analysis of wavelength blocking in optical and digital ROADM networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2007.

Missey, M.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, M.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Monteiro, P.

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Optimization framework for supporting 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s services over heterogeneous optical transport networks,” J. Netw., vol. 7, pp. 783–790, May2012.

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Cost-optimized planning for supporting 100 Gb/s and 40 Gb/s services over channel count-limited optical transport networks,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Kyoto, Japan, June 2011.

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Simplified framework for optimal support of 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s services over OTN exploiting grooming and VCAT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), San Diego, Mar. 2010.

Morais, R. M.

J. Pedro, J. Santos, and R. M. Morais, “Dynamic setup of multi-granular services over next-generation OTN/WDM networks: Blocking versus add/drop port usage,” in ICTON, Warwick, England, July 2012.

Murthy, S.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Muthiah, R. C.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Nagarajan, R.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, A.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Noronha, L.

P. Belotti, K. Kompella, L. Ceuppens, and L. Noronha, “Transport networks at a crossroads, the roles of MPLS and OTN in packet transport networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, Mar. 2011.

Palacharla, P.

Pavinski, D. J.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Pedro, J.

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Optimization framework for supporting 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s services over heterogeneous optical transport networks,” J. Netw., vol. 7, pp. 783–790, May2012.

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Cost-optimized planning for supporting 100 Gb/s and 40 Gb/s services over channel count-limited optical transport networks,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Kyoto, Japan, June 2011.

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Simplified framework for optimal support of 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s services over OTN exploiting grooming and VCAT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), San Diego, Mar. 2010.

J. Pedro, J. Santos, and R. M. Morais, “Dynamic setup of multi-granular services over next-generation OTN/WDM networks: Blocking versus add/drop port usage,” in ICTON, Warwick, England, July 2012.

Pires, J.

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Optimization framework for supporting 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s services over heterogeneous optical transport networks,” J. Netw., vol. 7, pp. 783–790, May2012.

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Cost-optimized planning for supporting 100 Gb/s and 40 Gb/s services over channel count-limited optical transport networks,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Kyoto, Japan, June 2011.

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Simplified framework for optimal support of 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s services over OTN exploiting grooming and VCAT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), San Diego, Mar. 2010.

Pleumeekers, J. L.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Puleri, M.

Raburn, M.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Rahn, J. T.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Reffle, M. S.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Sabella, R.

P. Iovanna, F. Testa, R. Sabella, A. Bianchi, M. Puleri, M. Casanova, and A. Germoni, “Packet-optical integration nodes for next generation transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 4, pp. 821–835, Oct.2012.
[CrossRef]

P. Iovanna, R. Sabella, F. Testa, P. Testa, A. Germoni, and M. Casanova, “Digital vs. all-optical networking in packet-optical integrated transport: A lifecycle cost-benefit analysis,” in 37th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Geneva, Sept. 2011.

Salvatore, R. A.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Samra, P.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Santos, J.

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Optimization framework for supporting 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s services over heterogeneous optical transport networks,” J. Netw., vol. 7, pp. 783–790, May2012.

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Cost-optimized planning for supporting 100 Gb/s and 40 Gb/s services over channel count-limited optical transport networks,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Kyoto, Japan, June 2011.

J. Santos, J. Pedro, P. Monteiro, and J. Pires, “Simplified framework for optimal support of 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s services over OTN exploiting grooming and VCAT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), San Diego, Mar. 2010.

J. Pedro, J. Santos, and R. M. Morais, “Dynamic setup of multi-granular services over next-generation OTN/WDM networks: Blocking versus add/drop port usage,” in ICTON, Warwick, England, July 2012.

Schneider, R. P.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Shen, G.

Shen, S.

G. Zhang, Q. Xiong, and S. Shen, “Novel multi-granularity optical switching node with wavelength management pool resources,” in 4th Asia-Pacific Photonics Conf. (APMP 2009), Bejing, China, Apr. 2009.

Shukla, V.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, pp. 40–50, July2010.
[CrossRef]

Sorin, W. V.

Spannagel, A.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Stewart, J. W.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Strand, J. L.

Strzelecka, E.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Studenkov, P.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Tang, J.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Taylor, B. D.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Testa, F.

P. Iovanna, F. Testa, R. Sabella, A. Bianchi, M. Puleri, M. Casanova, and A. Germoni, “Packet-optical integration nodes for next generation transport networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 4, pp. 821–835, Oct.2012.
[CrossRef]

P. Iovanna, R. Sabella, F. Testa, P. Testa, A. Germoni, and M. Casanova, “Digital vs. all-optical networking in packet-optical integrated transport: A lifecycle cost-benefit analysis,” in 37th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Geneva, Sept. 2011.

Testa, P.

P. Iovanna, R. Sabella, F. Testa, P. Testa, A. Germoni, and M. Casanova, “Digital vs. all-optical networking in packet-optical integrated transport: A lifecycle cost-benefit analysis,” in 37th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Geneva, Sept. 2011.

Thomson, K. K.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Tibuleac, S.

S. Tibuleac and M. Filer, “Trends in next-generation ROADM networks,” in 37th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Geneva, Sept. 2011.

Tsai, H.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

Van Leeuwen, M.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Vusirikala, V.

S. Melle and V. Vusirikala, “Network planning and architecture analysis of wavelength blocking in optical and digital ROADM networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2007.

S. Melle and V. Vusirikala, “Analysis of wavelength blocking in large metro core network using optical and digital ROADM transport system,” in 33rd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Sept. 2007.

Wang, X.

Welch, D.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
[CrossRef]

Williams, W.

F. A. Kish, D. Welch, R. Nagarajan, J. L. Pleumeekers, V. Lal, M. Ziari, A. Nilsson, M. Kato, S. Murthy, P. Evans, S. W. Corzine, M. Mitchell, P. Samra, M. Missey, S. DeMars, R. P. Schneider, M. S. Reffle, R. Butrie, J. T. Rahn, M. Van Leeuwen, J. W. Stewart, D. J. Lambert, R. C. Muthiah, H. Tsai, J. S. Bostak, A. Dentai, K. Wu, H. Sun, D. J. Pavinski, J. Zhang, J. Tang, J. McNicol, M. Kuntz, V. Dominic, B. D. Taylor, R. A. Salvatore, M. Fisher, A. Spannagel, E. Strzelecka, P. Studenkov, M. Raburn, W. Williams, D. Christini, K. K. Thomson, S. S. Agashe, R. Malendevich, G. Goldfarb, S. Melle, C. Joyner, M. Kaufman, and S. G. Grubb, “Current status of large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 1470–1489, Nov.–Dec.2011.
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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Packet-optical node architectural options. First option (a): Transparent WDM switching layer and separated MPLS, OTN WDM functionalities. Second option (b): Transparent WDM switching layer and integrated MPLS/OTN functionalities. Third option (c): Integrated OTN/WDM functionalities realized in digital technology.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Implementation of a WDM/OTN integrated switching node.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Switch core architecture. It is composed of a high-capacity space switching fabric and smaller-capacity ODU switches.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Operation mode of the algorithms for the interstage links setup. (a) OTN/WDM switch of parameter values N = 2 , W = 6 , K = 3 , H = 2 , F = 10 ; (b) interstage link setup.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Operation mode of the aggregate input IOS assignment policy; (a) 5 S-HFs are offered to the jth input fiber; (b) IOS j , 1 and IOS j , 2 are assigned three S-HFs and two S-HFs, respectively, according to the aggregate IOS assignment policy.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Analytical and simulation results of the blocking probabilities P b , LF tot (total blocking) and P b , LF s w (S-LF blocking) versus the “switched” traffic percentage α when the random IOS assignment policy is adopted. The switch and traffic parameters are N = 3 , W = 16 , F = 10 , K = 8 , H = 2 , and q d = q s = 0 . 5 .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Analytical and simulation results of the blocking probabilities P b , LF tot , AP (total blocking) and P b , LF s w , AP (S-LF blocking) versus the “switched” traffic percentage α when the aggregate IOS assignment policy is adopted. The switch and traffic parameters are N = 3 , W = 16 , F = 10 , K = 8 , H = 2 , and q d = q s = 0 . 5 .

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Blocking probabilities P b , LF tot (total blocking) and P b , LF s w (S-LF blocking) versus the “switched” traffic percentage α. The random IOS assignment policy is adopted. The switch and traffic parameters are N = 3 , W = 48 , F = 10 , q s = 0 . 5 , and ( K , H ) = ( 8 , 6 ) , (12, 4), (16, 3), (24, 2).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Blocking probability P b , LF s w versus the “switched” traffic percentage. The random IOS assignment policy is adopted. The switch and traffic parameters are W = 48 , F = 10 , K = 12 , q s = 0 . 5 , and N varying from 3 to 7.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Blocking probability P b , LF s w versus the “switched” traffic percentage in the case of random IOS assignment policy. The switch and traffic parameters are N = 3 , W = 48 , K = 12 , H = 4 , q s = 0 . 5 , and F varying from 4 to 10.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Blocking probabilities P b , LF s w and P b , LF s w , AP as a function of the probability q s that a lower-order ODU carries an LF. The switch and traffic parameters are N = 3 , W = 48 , F = 10 , K = 12 , H = 4 , and α varying from 0.20 to 0.80.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

S-HF carrying wavelength load versus the switched traffic percentage α in the range from 0.4 to 1 for N = 3 , W = 48 , F = 10 , and when the aggregate IOS assignment policy is adopted. OTN switch sizes K equal to 12 and 16 are considered. The blocking probability P b , LF s w , AP is fixed to 1 0 8 and 1 0 6 .

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table I Switch and Traffic Parameters

Tables Icon

Table II Values of the Variables (a)  a i , j h , k , D H F ( i , h = 1 , , N ; j , k = 1 , , H ), (b)  a i , j h , LF ( i , h = 1 , , N ; j = 1 , , H ), (c) and a i , j h , LF , r ( i , h = 1 , , N ; j = 1 , , H ) in the Example of Fig. 4(b)

Equations (24)

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P b , LF s w = E [ N b , LF s w ] E [ N o , LF s w ] ,
P b , LF tot = E [ N b , LF s w ] E [ N o , LF tot ] ,
E [ N o , LF s w ] = K α ( 1 + q s ( F 1 ) ) ,
E [ N o , LF tot ] = K α ( 1 + q s ( F 1 ) ) + K ( 1 α ) ( 1 + q d ( F 1 ) ) .
P r ( I = i ) = ( K i ) α i ( 1 α ) K i i = 0 , , K .
P r ( D = d / I = i ) = { 0 0 d i 1 ( i ( F 1 ) d i ) q s d i ( 1 q s ) i F d i d i F .
E [ N b , LF s w ] = i = 0 K d = i i F β i , d P r ( D = d / I = i ) P r ( I = i ) ,
β i , d = p = 0 d F ( d p F min ( N , i p ) ( d p F ) N ) ζ i , d , p ,
P r ( I AP = i ) = ( W i ) α i ( 1 α ) W i i = 0 , , W .
P b , LF s w , AP = E [ N b , LF s w , AP ] E [ N o , LF s w , AP ] ,
P b , LF tot , AP = E [ N b , LF s w , AP ] E [ N o , LF tot , AP ] ,
E [ N b , LF s w , AP ] = i = 0 W E [ N b , LF , i s w , AP ] P r ( I AP = i ) ,
E [ N b , LF , i s w , AP ] = ( i n min ODU s ) E [ N b , LF , i , s + 1 s w , AP ] + ( n min ODU ( i n min ODU s ) ) E [ N b , LF , i , s s w , AP ] ,
E [ N b , LF , i , h s w , AP ] = d = h h F β h , d P r ( D = d / I = h ) h = s , s + 1 ,
h = 1 N a i , j h , LF F K h = 1 N k = 1 H a i , j h , k , D H F i = 1 , , N ; j = 1 , , H ,
i = 1 N j = 1 H a i , j h , LF F W i = 1 N j = 1 H k = 1 H a i , j h , k , D H F h = 1 , , N .
N S H F IOS i , j K h = 1 N k = 1 H a i , j h , k , D H F i = 1 , , N ; j = 1 , , H .
N S H F IOS i , j h = 1 N a i , j h , LF F i = 1 , , N ; j = 1 , , H .
N S H F OOS h W i = 1 N j = 1 H k = 1 H a i , j h , k , D H F h = 1 , , N .
N S H F OOS h i = 1 N j = 1 H a i , j h , LF F h = 1 , , N .
γ i , j K 1 = { 0 0 j i 1 ( K 1 i j i ) α j i ( 1 α ) K 1 j i j K 1 .
δ i , t , s K 1 , K 2 = j = 0 i ( K 1 j ) ( K 2 i j ) ( K 1 + K 2 i ) γ j , t K 1 γ i j , s K 2 i = 0 , , K ; t = 0 , , K 1 ; s = 0 , , K 2 .
η i , d , j K 1 , K 2 = t = 0 K 1 s = 0 K 2 ( t F j ) ( s F d j ) ( ( s + t ) F d ) δ i , t , s K 1 , K 2 i = 0 , , K ; d = i , , i F ; j = 0 , , min ( d , t F ) .
μ i , d , p h = { δ ( p d F ) h = 1 u = 0 p j = u F ( u + 1 ) F 1 η i , d , j H K , ( h 1 ) H K μ i , d j , p u h 1 2 h N .