Abstract

We investigate the restriction of double-sideband (DSB) transmission for a next-generation orthogonal frequency division multiplexing passive optical network (OFDM-PON). First, the power fading induced by chromatic dispersion is well described for DSB OFDM signals. Then we show by simulation and experiment that the power fading effect can be made negligible for an access network by employment of high-order modulation and a low radio frequency carrier and allocating subcarriers dynamically according to the power penalty. 20-Gbit/s DSB OFDM transmission over 26.7-km and 100-km standard single-mode fiber is experimentally demonstrated. Compared with single-sideband transmission, the DSB transmitter has a simpler structure, which reduces the access cost or complexity.

© 2012 OSA

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  5. R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, pp. 50–56, 2006.
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  8. D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, pp. 484–493, 2010.
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    [CrossRef]
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  26. S. Jiang, J. Li, H. Yang, B. Lin, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of colourless upstream transmission of TDM-SCFDM-PON,” in 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 4–8 July 2011, 6A2-5.
  27. U. Gliese, S. Ngrskov, and T. N. Nielsen, “Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 1716–1724, Oct.1996.
    [CrossRef]
  28. G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Overcoming chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber-wireless systems incorporating external modulators,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 1410–1415, Aug.1997.
    [CrossRef]
  29. G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Novel technique for generation of optical SSB with carrier using a single MZM to overcome fiber chromatic dispersion,” in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), Dec. 1996, PDP-2.
  30. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, S. M. G. Lo, C. Li, and H. K. Tsang, “Long-reach radio-over-fiber signal distribution using single-sideband signal generated by a silicon-modulator,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 11312–11317, 2011.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, p. 820, 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  32. L. Anet Neto, G. Beninca de Farias, N. Genay, S. Menezo, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, “On the limitations of IM/DD WDM-FDMA-OFDM PON with single photodiode for upstream transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OW4B.1.
  33. L. Anet Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Le Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long distance PON networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2011, OWK4.
  34. V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2374–2376, 2004.
    [CrossRef]
  35. B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A novel polarization interleaving approach for SCFDM-PON based on direct detection,” in Frontiers in Optics, 2011, FThF4.
  36. B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving and direct detection,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5163–5168, Nov.2012.
    [CrossRef]
  37. B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving,” Chinese Opt. Lett., to be published.
  38. B. Lin, J. Li, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Performance study of 40-Gb/s OFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving,” in 17th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 2–6 July 2012, pp. 136–137.

2012 (2)

H. Yang, J. Li, B. Lin, S. Jiang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A cost-effective upstream scheme for next-generation PON based on interleaved frequency division multiple access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 784–786, 2012.
[CrossRef]

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving and direct detection,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5163–5168, Nov.2012.
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (5)

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, p. 820, 2010.
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. He, H. Wu, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a single-carrier frequency division multiple address based PON (SCFDMA-PON) architecture,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 24, pp. 24556–24564, 2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, and J. Hu, “100 Gb/s optical access based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 70–77, July2010.
[CrossRef]

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “Orthogonal frequency division multiple access PON (OFDMA-PON) for colorless upstream transmission beyond 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 781–790, Aug.2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, pp. 484–493, 2010.
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 17, pp. 1265–1267, Sept.2009.
[CrossRef]

T.-N. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Le Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 790–792, 2009.
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

C.-W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-H. Wang, F.-Y. Shih, C.-L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, no. 16, pp. 12096–12101, 2008.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Rayleigh backscattering performance of OFDM-QAM in carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 22, pp. 1848–1850, Nov.2008.
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (4)

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Alvarez, and E. Zouganeli, “Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: a joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/One,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 29–35, Aug.2006.
[CrossRef]

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, pp. 50–56, 2006.
[CrossRef]

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: What, where, and when?” Proc. IEEE, vol. 94, no. 5, pp. 911–934, 2006.
[CrossRef]

C. Lee, W. V. Sorin, and B. Y. Kim, “Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, pp. 4568–4583, 2006.
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

P. E. Green, “Fiber to the home: The next big broadband thing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 100–106, Sept.2004.
[CrossRef]

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2374–2376, 2004.
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Overcoming chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber-wireless systems incorporating external modulators,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 1410–1415, Aug.1997.
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

U. Gliese, S. Ngrskov, and T. N. Nielsen, “Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 1716–1724, Oct.1996.
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, Z.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Overcoming chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber-wireless systems incorporating external modulators,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 1410–1415, Aug.1997.
[CrossRef]

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Novel technique for generation of optical SSB with carrier using a single MZM to overcome fiber chromatic dispersion,” in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), Dec. 1996, PDP-2.

Alvarez, V. L.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Alvarez, and E. Zouganeli, “Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: a joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/One,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 29–35, Aug.2006.
[CrossRef]

Anet Neto, L.

L. Anet Neto, G. Beninca de Farias, N. Genay, S. Menezo, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, “On the limitations of IM/DD WDM-FDMA-OFDM PON with single photodiode for upstream transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OW4B.1.

L. Anet Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Le Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long distance PON networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2011, OWK4.

Aupetit-Berthelemot, C.

L. Anet Neto, G. Beninca de Farias, N. Genay, S. Menezo, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, “On the limitations of IM/DD WDM-FDMA-OFDM PON with single photodiode for upstream transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OW4B.1.

L. Anet Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Le Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long distance PON networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2011, OWK4.

Belfqih, Z.

P. Chanclou, J.-P. Lanquetin, S. Durel, F. Saliou, B. Landousies, N. Genay, and Z. Belfqih, “Investigation into optical technologies for access evolution,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OWH1.

Beninca de Farias, G.

L. Anet Neto, G. Beninca de Farias, N. Genay, S. Menezo, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, “On the limitations of IM/DD WDM-FDMA-OFDM PON with single photodiode for upstream transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OW4B.1.

Bougueroua, K.

T. N. Duong, C. Milion, N. Genay, E. Grard, V. Rodrigues, J.-R. Burie, M. Do Nascimento, K. Bougueroua, F. van Dijk, B. Charbonnier, J. Le Masson, M. Ouzzif, P. Chanclou, and A. Gharba, “Very high bit rate transmission for NGPON using AMOOFDM direct modulation of linear laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OTuO3.

Bourgart, F.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, pp. 50–56, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Bucholtz, F.

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2374–2376, 2004.
[CrossRef]

Burie, J.-R.

T. N. Duong, C. Milion, N. Genay, E. Grard, V. Rodrigues, J.-R. Burie, M. Do Nascimento, K. Bougueroua, F. van Dijk, B. Charbonnier, J. Le Masson, M. Ouzzif, P. Chanclou, and A. Gharba, “Very high bit rate transmission for NGPON using AMOOFDM direct modulation of linear laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OTuO3.

Chanclou, P.

T.-N. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Le Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 790–792, 2009.
[CrossRef]

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Alvarez, and E. Zouganeli, “Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: a joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/One,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 29–35, Aug.2006.
[CrossRef]

T. N. Duong, C. Milion, N. Genay, E. Grard, V. Rodrigues, J.-R. Burie, M. Do Nascimento, K. Bougueroua, F. van Dijk, B. Charbonnier, J. Le Masson, M. Ouzzif, P. Chanclou, and A. Gharba, “Very high bit rate transmission for NGPON using AMOOFDM direct modulation of linear laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OTuO3.

L. Anet Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Le Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long distance PON networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2011, OWK4.

L. Anet Neto, G. Beninca de Farias, N. Genay, S. Menezo, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, “On the limitations of IM/DD WDM-FDMA-OFDM PON with single photodiode for upstream transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OW4B.1.

P. Chanclou, J.-P. Lanquetin, S. Durel, F. Saliou, B. Landousies, N. Genay, and Z. Belfqih, “Investigation into optical technologies for access evolution,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OWH1.

Charbonnier, B.

T.-N. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Le Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 790–792, 2009.
[CrossRef]

T. N. Duong, C. Milion, N. Genay, E. Grard, V. Rodrigues, J.-R. Burie, M. Do Nascimento, K. Bougueroua, F. van Dijk, B. Charbonnier, J. Le Masson, M. Ouzzif, P. Chanclou, and A. Gharba, “Very high bit rate transmission for NGPON using AMOOFDM direct modulation of linear laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OTuO3.

L. Anet Neto, G. Beninca de Farias, N. Genay, S. Menezo, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, “On the limitations of IM/DD WDM-FDMA-OFDM PON with single photodiode for upstream transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OW4B.1.

L. Anet Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Le Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long distance PON networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2011, OWK4.

Chen, Z.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving and direct detection,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5163–5168, Nov.2012.
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Li, B. Lin, S. Jiang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A cost-effective upstream scheme for next-generation PON based on interleaved frequency division multiple access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 784–786, 2012.
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. He, H. Wu, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a single-carrier frequency division multiple address based PON (SCFDMA-PON) architecture,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 24, pp. 24556–24564, 2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li, H. Yang, B. Lin, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a smooth evolution scheme from conventional TDM-PON to TDM-OFDM-PON,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, 2012, JTh2A.120.

S. Jiang, J. Li, H. Yang, B. Lin, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of colourless upstream transmission of TDM-SCFDM-PON,” in 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 4–8 July 2011, 6A2-5.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving,” Chinese Opt. Lett., to be published.

B. Lin, J. Li, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Performance study of 40-Gb/s OFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving,” in 17th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 2–6 July 2012, pp. 136–137.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A novel polarization interleaving approach for SCFDM-PON based on direct detection,” in Frontiers in Optics, 2011, FThF4.

Cheng, N.

Chi, S.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, p. 820, 2010.
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Rayleigh backscattering performance of OFDM-QAM in carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 22, pp. 1848–1850, Nov.2008.
[CrossRef]

C.-W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-H. Wang, F.-Y. Shih, C.-L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, no. 16, pp. 12096–12101, 2008.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chow, C. W.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, S. M. G. Lo, C. Li, and H. K. Tsang, “Long-reach radio-over-fiber signal distribution using single-sideband signal generated by a silicon-modulator,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 11312–11317, 2011.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, p. 820, 2010.
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Rayleigh backscattering performance of OFDM-QAM in carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 22, pp. 1848–1850, Nov.2008.
[CrossRef]

Chow, C.-W.

Cvijetic, M.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. Ji, T. Wang, and M. Cvijetic, “10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2008, OWH4.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. N. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDMA-based 10 Gb/s PON architecture,” in 33rd European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 16–20 Sept. 2007, Mo 5.4.1.

Cvijetic, N.

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, and J. Hu, “100 Gb/s optical access based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 70–77, July2010.
[CrossRef]

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “Orthogonal frequency division multiple access PON (OFDMA-PON) for colorless upstream transmission beyond 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 781–790, Aug.2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, pp. 484–493, 2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 17, pp. 1265–1267, Sept.2009.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, Y. Huang, J. Yu, and T. Wang, “100 km long reach upstream 36 Gb/s-OFDMA-PON over a single wavelength with source-free ONUs,” in 35th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 20–24 Sept. 2009, 8.5.1.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “40-Gb/s MIMO-OFDM-PON using polarization multiplexing and direct-detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OMV3.

N. Cvijetic, N. Prasad, D. Qian, J. Howar, and T. Wang, “Computationally-efficient DSP-based MIMO equalization for OSNR gains in 40 Gb/s OFDMA-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf.2011, OTuK6.

Davey, R.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, pp. 50–56, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Do Nascimento, M.

T. N. Duong, C. Milion, N. Genay, E. Grard, V. Rodrigues, J.-R. Burie, M. Do Nascimento, K. Bougueroua, F. van Dijk, B. Charbonnier, J. Le Masson, M. Ouzzif, P. Chanclou, and A. Gharba, “Very high bit rate transmission for NGPON using AMOOFDM direct modulation of linear laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OTuO3.

Duong, T. N.

T. N. Duong, C. Milion, N. Genay, E. Grard, V. Rodrigues, J.-R. Burie, M. Do Nascimento, K. Bougueroua, F. van Dijk, B. Charbonnier, J. Le Masson, M. Ouzzif, P. Chanclou, and A. Gharba, “Very high bit rate transmission for NGPON using AMOOFDM direct modulation of linear laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OTuO3.

Duong, T.-N.

T.-N. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Le Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 790–792, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Durel, S.

P. Chanclou, J.-P. Lanquetin, S. Durel, F. Saliou, B. Landousies, N. Genay, and Z. Belfqih, “Investigation into optical technologies for access evolution,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OWH1.

Erasme, D.

L. Anet Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Le Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long distance PON networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2011, OWK4.

Genay, N.

T.-N. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Le Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 790–792, 2009.
[CrossRef]

T. N. Duong, C. Milion, N. Genay, E. Grard, V. Rodrigues, J.-R. Burie, M. Do Nascimento, K. Bougueroua, F. van Dijk, B. Charbonnier, J. Le Masson, M. Ouzzif, P. Chanclou, and A. Gharba, “Very high bit rate transmission for NGPON using AMOOFDM direct modulation of linear laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OTuO3.

L. Anet Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Le Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long distance PON networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2011, OWK4.

L. Anet Neto, G. Beninca de Farias, N. Genay, S. Menezo, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, “On the limitations of IM/DD WDM-FDMA-OFDM PON with single photodiode for upstream transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OW4B.1.

P. Chanclou, J.-P. Lanquetin, S. Durel, F. Saliou, B. Landousies, N. Genay, and Z. Belfqih, “Investigation into optical technologies for access evolution,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OWH1.

Gharba, A.

L. Anet Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Le Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long distance PON networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2011, OWK4.

T. N. Duong, C. Milion, N. Genay, E. Grard, V. Rodrigues, J.-R. Burie, M. Do Nascimento, K. Bougueroua, F. van Dijk, B. Charbonnier, J. Le Masson, M. Ouzzif, P. Chanclou, and A. Gharba, “Very high bit rate transmission for NGPON using AMOOFDM direct modulation of linear laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OTuO3.

Gliese, U.

U. Gliese, S. Ngrskov, and T. N. Nielsen, “Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 1716–1724, Oct.1996.
[CrossRef]

Gosselin, S.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Alvarez, and E. Zouganeli, “Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: a joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/One,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 29–35, Aug.2006.
[CrossRef]

Grard, E.

T. N. Duong, C. Milion, N. Genay, E. Grard, V. Rodrigues, J.-R. Burie, M. Do Nascimento, K. Bougueroua, F. van Dijk, B. Charbonnier, J. Le Masson, M. Ouzzif, P. Chanclou, and A. Gharba, “Very high bit rate transmission for NGPON using AMOOFDM direct modulation of linear laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OTuO3.

L. Anet Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Le Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long distance PON networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2011, OWK4.

Green, P. E.

P. E. Green, “Fiber to the home: The next big broadband thing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 100–106, Sept.2004.
[CrossRef]

Gutierrez, D.

He, Y.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving and direct detection,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5163–5168, Nov.2012.
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Li, B. Lin, S. Jiang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A cost-effective upstream scheme for next-generation PON based on interleaved frequency division multiple access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 784–786, 2012.
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. He, H. Wu, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a single-carrier frequency division multiple address based PON (SCFDMA-PON) architecture,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 24, pp. 24556–24564, 2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Jiang, J. Li, H. Yang, B. Lin, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of colourless upstream transmission of TDM-SCFDM-PON,” in 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 4–8 July 2011, 6A2-5.

J. Li, H. Yang, B. Lin, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a smooth evolution scheme from conventional TDM-PON to TDM-OFDM-PON,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, 2012, JTh2A.120.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving,” Chinese Opt. Lett., to be published.

B. Lin, J. Li, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Performance study of 40-Gb/s OFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving,” in 17th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 2–6 July 2012, pp. 136–137.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A novel polarization interleaving approach for SCFDM-PON based on direct detection,” in Frontiers in Optics, 2011, FThF4.

Howar, J.

N. Cvijetic, N. Prasad, D. Qian, J. Howar, and T. Wang, “Computationally-efficient DSP-based MIMO equalization for OSNR gains in 40 Gb/s OFDMA-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf.2011, OTuK6.

Hu, J.

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, and J. Hu, “100 Gb/s optical access based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 70–77, July2010.
[CrossRef]

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “Orthogonal frequency division multiple access PON (OFDMA-PON) for colorless upstream transmission beyond 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 781–790, Aug.2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, pp. 484–493, 2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 17, pp. 1265–1267, Sept.2009.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, and T. Wang, “10.8-Gb/s OFDMA-PON transmission performance study,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2009, NME6.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “40-Gb/s MIMO-OFDM-PON using polarization multiplexing and direct-detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OMV3.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. Ji, T. Wang, and M. Cvijetic, “10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2008, OWH4.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. N. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDMA-based 10 Gb/s PON architecture,” in 33rd European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 16–20 Sept. 2007, Mo 5.4.1.

Huang, Y.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, Y. Huang, J. Yu, and T. Wang, “100 km long reach upstream 36 Gb/s-OFDMA-PON over a single wavelength with source-free ONUs,” in 35th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 20–24 Sept. 2009, 8.5.1.

Ji, P.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. Ji, T. Wang, and M. Cvijetic, “10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2008, OWH4.

Ji, P. N.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. N. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDMA-based 10 Gb/s PON architecture,” in 33rd European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 16–20 Sept. 2007, Mo 5.4.1.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, and T. Wang, “10.8-Gb/s OFDMA-PON transmission performance study,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2009, NME6.

Jiang, S.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving and direct detection,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5163–5168, Nov.2012.
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Li, B. Lin, S. Jiang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A cost-effective upstream scheme for next-generation PON based on interleaved frequency division multiple access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 784–786, 2012.
[CrossRef]

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A novel polarization interleaving approach for SCFDM-PON based on direct detection,” in Frontiers in Optics, 2011, FThF4.

S. Jiang, J. Li, H. Yang, B. Lin, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of colourless upstream transmission of TDM-SCFDM-PON,” in 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 4–8 July 2011, 6A2-5.

Kani, J.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, pp. 50–56, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L. G.

Kim, B. Y.

Koonen, T.

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: What, where, and when?” Proc. IEEE, vol. 94, no. 5, pp. 911–934, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Kusano, T.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. N. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDMA-based 10 Gb/s PON architecture,” in 33rd European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 16–20 Sept. 2007, Mo 5.4.1.

Landousies, B.

P. Chanclou, J.-P. Lanquetin, S. Durel, F. Saliou, B. Landousies, N. Genay, and Z. Belfqih, “Investigation into optical technologies for access evolution,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OWH1.

Lanquetin, J.-P.

P. Chanclou, J.-P. Lanquetin, S. Durel, F. Saliou, B. Landousies, N. Genay, and Z. Belfqih, “Investigation into optical technologies for access evolution,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OWH1.

Le Masson, J.

T.-N. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Le Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 790–792, 2009.
[CrossRef]

T. N. Duong, C. Milion, N. Genay, E. Grard, V. Rodrigues, J.-R. Burie, M. Do Nascimento, K. Bougueroua, F. van Dijk, B. Charbonnier, J. Le Masson, M. Ouzzif, P. Chanclou, and A. Gharba, “Very high bit rate transmission for NGPON using AMOOFDM direct modulation of linear laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OTuO3.

L. Anet Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Le Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long distance PON networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2011, OWK4.

Lee, C.

Li, C.

Li, J.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving and direct detection,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5163–5168, Nov.2012.
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Li, B. Lin, S. Jiang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A cost-effective upstream scheme for next-generation PON based on interleaved frequency division multiple access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 784–786, 2012.
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. He, H. Wu, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a single-carrier frequency division multiple address based PON (SCFDMA-PON) architecture,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 24, pp. 24556–24564, 2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Jiang, J. Li, H. Yang, B. Lin, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of colourless upstream transmission of TDM-SCFDM-PON,” in 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 4–8 July 2011, 6A2-5.

J. Li, H. Yang, B. Lin, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a smooth evolution scheme from conventional TDM-PON to TDM-OFDM-PON,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, 2012, JTh2A.120.

B. Lin, J. Li, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Performance study of 40-Gb/s OFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving,” in 17th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 2–6 July 2012, pp. 136–137.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving,” Chinese Opt. Lett., to be published.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A novel polarization interleaving approach for SCFDM-PON based on direct detection,” in Frontiers in Optics, 2011, FThF4.

Lin, B.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving and direct detection,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5163–5168, Nov.2012.
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Li, B. Lin, S. Jiang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A cost-effective upstream scheme for next-generation PON based on interleaved frequency division multiple access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 784–786, 2012.
[CrossRef]

J. Li, H. Yang, B. Lin, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a smooth evolution scheme from conventional TDM-PON to TDM-OFDM-PON,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, 2012, JTh2A.120.

B. Lin, J. Li, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Performance study of 40-Gb/s OFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving,” in 17th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 2–6 July 2012, pp. 136–137.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving,” Chinese Opt. Lett., to be published.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A novel polarization interleaving approach for SCFDM-PON based on direct detection,” in Frontiers in Optics, 2011, FThF4.

S. Jiang, J. Li, H. Yang, B. Lin, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of colourless upstream transmission of TDM-SCFDM-PON,” in 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 4–8 July 2011, 6A2-5.

Lin, C.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, p. 820, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.

P. Tien, Y. Lin, and M. C. Yuang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture toward seamless broadband and wireless integration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OMV2.

Lo, S. M. G.

McCammon, K.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, pp. 50–56, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Menezo, S.

L. Anet Neto, G. Beninca de Farias, N. Genay, S. Menezo, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, “On the limitations of IM/DD WDM-FDMA-OFDM PON with single photodiode for upstream transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OW4B.1.

Milion, C.

T. N. Duong, C. Milion, N. Genay, E. Grard, V. Rodrigues, J.-R. Burie, M. Do Nascimento, K. Bougueroua, F. van Dijk, B. Charbonnier, J. Le Masson, M. Ouzzif, P. Chanclou, and A. Gharba, “Very high bit rate transmission for NGPON using AMOOFDM direct modulation of linear laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OTuO3.

Ngrskov, S.

U. Gliese, S. Ngrskov, and T. N. Nielsen, “Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 1716–1724, Oct.1996.
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, T. N.

U. Gliese, S. Ngrskov, and T. N. Nielsen, “Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 1716–1724, Oct.1996.
[CrossRef]

Novak, D.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Overcoming chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber-wireless systems incorporating external modulators,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 1410–1415, Aug.1997.
[CrossRef]

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Novel technique for generation of optical SSB with carrier using a single MZM to overcome fiber chromatic dispersion,” in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), Dec. 1996, PDP-2.

Ouzzif, M.

T.-N. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Le Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 790–792, 2009.
[CrossRef]

T. N. Duong, C. Milion, N. Genay, E. Grard, V. Rodrigues, J.-R. Burie, M. Do Nascimento, K. Bougueroua, F. van Dijk, B. Charbonnier, J. Le Masson, M. Ouzzif, P. Chanclou, and A. Gharba, “Very high bit rate transmission for NGPON using AMOOFDM direct modulation of linear laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OTuO3.

L. Anet Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Le Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long distance PON networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2011, OWK4.

Palacios, J. F.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Alvarez, and E. Zouganeli, “Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: a joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/One,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 29–35, Aug.2006.
[CrossRef]

Pan, C.-L.

Prasad, N.

N. Cvijetic, N. Prasad, D. Qian, J. Howar, and T. Wang, “Computationally-efficient DSP-based MIMO equalization for OSNR gains in 40 Gb/s OFDMA-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf.2011, OTuK6.

Qian, D.

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “Orthogonal frequency division multiple access PON (OFDMA-PON) for colorless upstream transmission beyond 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 781–790, Aug.2010.
[CrossRef]

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, and J. Hu, “100 Gb/s optical access based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 70–77, July2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, pp. 484–493, 2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 17, pp. 1265–1267, Sept.2009.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, and T. Wang, “10.8-Gb/s OFDMA-PON transmission performance study,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2009, NME6.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, Y. Huang, J. Yu, and T. Wang, “100 km long reach upstream 36 Gb/s-OFDMA-PON over a single wavelength with source-free ONUs,” in 35th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 20–24 Sept. 2009, 8.5.1.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “40-Gb/s MIMO-OFDM-PON using polarization multiplexing and direct-detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OMV3.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. Ji, T. Wang, and M. Cvijetic, “10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2008, OWH4.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. N. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDMA-based 10 Gb/s PON architecture,” in 33rd European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 16–20 Sept. 2007, Mo 5.4.1.

N. Cvijetic, N. Prasad, D. Qian, J. Howar, and T. Wang, “Computationally-efficient DSP-based MIMO equalization for OSNR gains in 40 Gb/s OFDMA-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf.2011, OTuK6.

Qiu, J. X.

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2374–2376, 2004.
[CrossRef]

Rodrigues, V.

L. Anet Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Le Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long distance PON networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2011, OWK4.

T. N. Duong, C. Milion, N. Genay, E. Grard, V. Rodrigues, J.-R. Burie, M. Do Nascimento, K. Bougueroua, F. van Dijk, B. Charbonnier, J. Le Masson, M. Ouzzif, P. Chanclou, and A. Gharba, “Very high bit rate transmission for NGPON using AMOOFDM direct modulation of linear laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OTuO3.

Saliou, F.

P. Chanclou, J.-P. Lanquetin, S. Durel, F. Saliou, B. Landousies, N. Genay, and Z. Belfqih, “Investigation into optical technologies for access evolution,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OWH1.

Shaw, W.-T.

Shih, F. Y.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Rayleigh backscattering performance of OFDM-QAM in carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 22, pp. 1848–1850, Nov.2008.
[CrossRef]

Shih, F.-Y.

Simon, J. C.

T.-N. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Le Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 790–792, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Smith, G. H.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Overcoming chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber-wireless systems incorporating external modulators,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 1410–1415, Aug.1997.
[CrossRef]

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Novel technique for generation of optical SSB with carrier using a single MZM to overcome fiber chromatic dispersion,” in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), Dec. 1996, PDP-2.

Sorin, W. V.

Tien, P.

P. Tien, Y. Lin, and M. C. Yuang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture toward seamless broadband and wireless integration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OMV2.

Tsang, H. K.

Urick, V. J.

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2374–2376, 2004.
[CrossRef]

van Dijk, F.

T. N. Duong, C. Milion, N. Genay, E. Grard, V. Rodrigues, J.-R. Burie, M. Do Nascimento, K. Bougueroua, F. van Dijk, B. Charbonnier, J. Le Masson, M. Ouzzif, P. Chanclou, and A. Gharba, “Very high bit rate transmission for NGPON using AMOOFDM direct modulation of linear laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OTuO3.

Wang, C. H.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, p. 820, 2010.
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Rayleigh backscattering performance of OFDM-QAM in carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 22, pp. 1848–1850, Nov.2008.
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.-H.

Wang, T.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, pp. 484–493, 2010.
[CrossRef]

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “Orthogonal frequency division multiple access PON (OFDMA-PON) for colorless upstream transmission beyond 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 781–790, Aug.2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 17, pp. 1265–1267, Sept.2009.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, Y. Huang, J. Yu, and T. Wang, “100 km long reach upstream 36 Gb/s-OFDMA-PON over a single wavelength with source-free ONUs,” in 35th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 20–24 Sept. 2009, 8.5.1.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, and T. Wang, “10.8-Gb/s OFDMA-PON transmission performance study,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2009, NME6.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “40-Gb/s MIMO-OFDM-PON using polarization multiplexing and direct-detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OMV3.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. N. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDMA-based 10 Gb/s PON architecture,” in 33rd European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 16–20 Sept. 2007, Mo 5.4.1.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. Ji, T. Wang, and M. Cvijetic, “10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2008, OWH4.

N. Cvijetic, N. Prasad, D. Qian, J. Howar, and T. Wang, “Computationally-efficient DSP-based MIMO equalization for OSNR gains in 40 Gb/s OFDMA-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf.2011, OTuK6.

Wong, S.-W.

Wu, C. L.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, p. 820, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Wu, H.

Xia, R.

L. Anet Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Le Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long distance PON networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2011, OWK4.

Xu, L.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. N. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDMA-based 10 Gb/s PON architecture,” in 33rd European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 16–20 Sept. 2007, Mo 5.4.1.

Yang, H.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving and direct detection,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5163–5168, Nov.2012.
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Li, B. Lin, S. Jiang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A cost-effective upstream scheme for next-generation PON based on interleaved frequency division multiple access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 784–786, 2012.
[CrossRef]

J. Li, H. Yang, B. Lin, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a smooth evolution scheme from conventional TDM-PON to TDM-OFDM-PON,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, 2012, JTh2A.120.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving,” Chinese Opt. Lett., to be published.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A novel polarization interleaving approach for SCFDM-PON based on direct detection,” in Frontiers in Optics, 2011, FThF4.

S. Jiang, J. Li, H. Yang, B. Lin, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of colourless upstream transmission of TDM-SCFDM-PON,” in 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 4–8 July 2011, 6A2-5.

Yeh, C. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, S. M. G. Lo, C. Li, and H. K. Tsang, “Long-reach radio-over-fiber signal distribution using single-sideband signal generated by a silicon-modulator,” Opt. Express, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 11312–11317, 2011.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, p. 820, 2010.
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Rayleigh backscattering performance of OFDM-QAM in carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 22, pp. 1848–1850, Nov.2008.
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C.-H.

Yu, J.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. N. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDMA-based 10 Gb/s PON architecture,” in 33rd European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 16–20 Sept. 2007, Mo 5.4.1.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, Y. Huang, J. Yu, and T. Wang, “100 km long reach upstream 36 Gb/s-OFDMA-PON over a single wavelength with source-free ONUs,” in 35th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 20–24 Sept. 2009, 8.5.1.

Yuang, M. C.

P. Tien, Y. Lin, and M. C. Yuang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture toward seamless broadband and wireless integration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OMV2.

Zhang, C.

Zhang, F.

Zhu, L.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving and direct detection,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5163–5168, Nov.2012.
[CrossRef]

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving,” Chinese Opt. Lett., to be published.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A novel polarization interleaving approach for SCFDM-PON based on direct detection,” in Frontiers in Optics, 2011, FThF4.

Zouganeli, E.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Alvarez, and E. Zouganeli, “Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: a joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/One,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 29–35, Aug.2006.
[CrossRef]

Chinese Opt. Lett. (1)

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving,” Chinese Opt. Lett., to be published.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (4)

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Alvarez, and E. Zouganeli, “Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: a joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/One,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 29–35, Aug.2006.
[CrossRef]

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, pp. 50–56, 2006.
[CrossRef]

P. E. Green, “Fiber to the home: The next big broadband thing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 100–106, Sept.2004.
[CrossRef]

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, and J. Hu, “100 Gb/s optical access based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 70–77, July2010.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 17, pp. 1265–1267, Sept.2009.
[CrossRef]

T.-N. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif, J. Le Masson, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and J. C. Simon, “Adaptive loading algorithm implemented in AMOOFDM for NG-PON system integrating cost-effective and low-bandwidth optical devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 790–792, 2009.
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Rayleigh backscattering performance of OFDM-QAM in carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 22, pp. 1848–1850, Nov.2008.
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Li, B. Lin, S. Jiang, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A cost-effective upstream scheme for next-generation PON based on interleaved frequency division multiple access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 784–786, 2012.
[CrossRef]

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, p. 820, 2010.
[CrossRef]

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 2374–2376, 2004.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “Orthogonal frequency division multiple access PON (OFDMA-PON) for colorless upstream transmission beyond 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 781–790, Aug.2010.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (2)

U. Gliese, S. Ngrskov, and T. N. Nielsen, “Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 1716–1724, Oct.1996.
[CrossRef]

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Overcoming chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber-wireless systems incorporating external modulators,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 1410–1415, Aug.1997.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Commun. (1)

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of optical MIMO transmission for SCFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving and direct detection,” Opt. Commun., vol. 285, no. 24, pp. 5163–5168, Nov.2012.
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Proc. IEEE (1)

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: What, where, and when?” Proc. IEEE, vol. 94, no. 5, pp. 911–934, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Other (16)

P. Chanclou, J.-P. Lanquetin, S. Durel, F. Saliou, B. Landousies, N. Genay, and Z. Belfqih, “Investigation into optical technologies for access evolution,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OWH1.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, and T. Wang, “10.8-Gb/s OFDMA-PON transmission performance study,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2009, NME6.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, Y. Huang, J. Yu, and T. Wang, “100 km long reach upstream 36 Gb/s-OFDMA-PON over a single wavelength with source-free ONUs,” in 35th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 20–24 Sept. 2009, 8.5.1.

D. Qian, J. Hu, J. Yu, P. N. Ji, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Kusano, “Experimental demonstration of a novel OFDMA-based 10 Gb/s PON architecture,” in 33rd European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 16–20 Sept. 2007, Mo 5.4.1.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. Ji, T. Wang, and M. Cvijetic, “10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2008, OWH4.

P. Tien, Y. Lin, and M. C. Yuang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture toward seamless broadband and wireless integration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OMV2.

J. Li, H. Yang, B. Lin, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a smooth evolution scheme from conventional TDM-PON to TDM-OFDM-PON,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, 2012, JTh2A.120.

S. Jiang, J. Li, H. Yang, B. Lin, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of colourless upstream transmission of TDM-SCFDM-PON,” in 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 4–8 July 2011, 6A2-5.

T. N. Duong, C. Milion, N. Genay, E. Grard, V. Rodrigues, J.-R. Burie, M. Do Nascimento, K. Bougueroua, F. van Dijk, B. Charbonnier, J. Le Masson, M. Ouzzif, P. Chanclou, and A. Gharba, “Very high bit rate transmission for NGPON using AMOOFDM direct modulation of linear laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, OTuO3.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “40-Gb/s MIMO-OFDM-PON using polarization multiplexing and direct-detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OMV3.

N. Cvijetic, N. Prasad, D. Qian, J. Howar, and T. Wang, “Computationally-efficient DSP-based MIMO equalization for OSNR gains in 40 Gb/s OFDMA-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf.2011, OTuK6.

B. Lin, J. Li, H. Yang, S. Jiang, L. Zhu, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “A novel polarization interleaving approach for SCFDM-PON based on direct detection,” in Frontiers in Optics, 2011, FThF4.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Novel technique for generation of optical SSB with carrier using a single MZM to overcome fiber chromatic dispersion,” in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), Dec. 1996, PDP-2.

L. Anet Neto, G. Beninca de Farias, N. Genay, S. Menezo, B. Charbonnier, P. Chanclou, and C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, “On the limitations of IM/DD WDM-FDMA-OFDM PON with single photodiode for upstream transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2012, OW4B.1.

L. Anet Neto, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Gharba, N. Genay, R. Xia, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, J. Le Masson, D. Erasme, E. Grard, and V. Rodrigues, “On the interest of chirped lasers for AMOOFDM transmissions in long distance PON networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2011, OWK4.

B. Lin, J. Li, Y. He, and Z. Chen, “Performance study of 40-Gb/s OFDM-PON based on polarization interleaving,” in 17th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 2–6 July 2012, pp. 136–137.

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) The effect induced by fiber dispersion for DSB OFDM-PON.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Dispersion-induced power penalty as a function of transmission distance.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Dispersion-induced power penalty as a function of RF.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Simulation setup for 20-Gbit/s DSB and SSB OFDM-PON. (LD, laser diode; SSMF, standard single-mode fiber; OBPF, optical bandwidth pass filter) .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Comparison of transmission performances for 20-Gbit/s DSB and SSB OFDM-PON with single polarization.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Comparison of transmission performances for 40-Gbit/s DSB and SSB OFDM-PON with dual polarization.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) Experimental setup for 20-Gbit/s DSB and SSB OFDM-PON. (LD, laser diode; SSMF, standard single-mode fiber; EA, electrical amplifier; VOA, variable optical attenuator; EDFA, erbium-doped optical fiber amplifier).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(Color online) Optical spectrum of optical filter after filtering ASE noise.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) Optical spectra for (a) DSB, (b) SSB.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(Color online) Electrical spectra for DSB and SSB transmission after 26.7-km SSMF transmission with 0-dBm received power.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(Color online) BER performance for 20-Gbit/s DSB and SSB OFDM-PON under back-to-back (BTB) and 26.7-km SSMF transmission.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Experimental setup for 20-Gbit/s long-reach DSB OFDM-PON.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

(Color online) BER performance for 20-Gbit/s DSB OFDM-PON under back-to-back (BTB) and 100-km SSMF transmission.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P cos { π L D λ c 2 f r 2 c [ 1 2 π arctan ( α M z ) ] } ,
Penalty = 10 log | P no _ fiber P fiber | = 10 log | 1 cos { π L D λ c 2 f r 2 c } | .