Abstract

Two-layered IP-over-wavelength-division-multi plexing networks supporting IP and wavelength services are becoming increasingly popular. IP services are traditional data services such as virtual private networks, web browsing, etc., whereas wavelength services are new bandwidth-intensive services with strict quality-of-service (QoS) requirements, such as telemedicine, remote visualization, etc. A generic wavelength service (circuit) may require protection from a dedicated backup circuit to meet strict QoS requirements. With the upcoming huge transmission speeds of 100 Gbps and beyond, these dedicated backup circuits will induce significant underutilization of network capacity and high operational expenditure, which can be minimized by supporting IP traffic over idle backup circuits. However, during failure of backup circuits, the IP topology must always remain connected, and this problem has been preliminarily addressed by means of a suboptimal two-step approach [Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 7, p. 196, 2010]. In this paper, we discuss the opportunities and the challenges of a one-step integrated design, and we propose new methodologies for the integrated design of wavelength and IP services, with backup capacity sharing and ensuring survivability of both the services. We consider two levels of survivability for IP services, i.e., ensuring (a) connectivity of the IP topology and (b) fully reroutable capacity for the IP topology under all single physical link failures. For both the scenarios we propose an integer linear program solution and a computationally efficient heuristic. We observe that integrated provisioning with backup capacity sharing enables much higher resource utilization allowing up to a 60% decrease in wavelength channel usage in supporting IP traffic and up to 35% in the total number of wavelength channels needed to support both IP and wavelength services compared with no backup capacity sharing in our experiments.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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  1. J. Simmons, Optical Network Design and Planning. Springer, 2008.
  2. A. Chiu, G. Choudhury, G. Clapp, B. Doverspike, J. Gannet, J. Klincewicz, G. Ligli, R. Skoog, J. Strand, A. V. Lehmen, and D. Xu, “Network design and architectures for highly dynamic next-generation IP-over-optical long distance networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, pp. 1878–1890, 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  3. http://www.darpa.mil/Our_Work/STO/Programs/Dynamic_Multi-Terabit_Core_Optical_Networks_(CORONET).aspx.
  4. http://www.es.net/.
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    [CrossRef]
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  7. T. M. Bohnert, S. Figuerola, N. Ciulli, D. Simeonidou, and P. Vicat-Blanc, “Optical networking for cloud computing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2011.
  8. C. S. K. Vadrevu and M. Tornatore, “Survivable IP topology design with re-use of backup wavelength capacity in optical backbone networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 196–205, 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Sahasrabuddhe, S. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, “Fault management in IP-over-WDM networks: WDM protection versus IP restoration,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, pp. 21–33, 2002.
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. Modiano and A. Narula-Tam, “Survivable lightpath routing: a new approach to the design of WDM-based networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, pp. 800–809, 2002.
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, “A comprehensive study on next-generation optical grooming switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1173–1186, 2003.
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Kurant and P. Thiran, “Survivable routing of mesh topologies in IP-over-WDM networks by recursive graph contraction,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 25, pp. 922–933, 2007.
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Cavdar, A. G. Yayimli, and B. Mukherjee, “Multi-layer resilient design for layer-1 VPNs,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, 2008.
  14. R. Bhandari, Survivable Networks: Algorithms for Diverse Routing. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1999.
  15. C. S. K. Vadrevu, M. Tornatore, C. P. Guok, and I. Monga, “A heuristic for combined protection of IP services and wavelength services in optical WDM networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Advanced Networks and Telecommunication Systems (ANTS), Mumbai, India, Dec. 2010.
  16. M. Tornatore, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “WDM network design by ILP models based on flow aggregation,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 15, pp. 709–720, 2007.
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. G. Yayimli, “Selective survivability with disjoint nodes and disjoint lightpaths for layer 1 VPN,” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, pp. 3–9, 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. L. Choudhury and J. G. Klincewicz, “Survivable IP link topology design in an IP-over-WDM architecture,” in Proc. 7th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks, Washington, DC, 2009.
  19. K. Lee and E. Modiano, “Cross-layer survivability in WDM-based networks,” in Proc. IEEE Infocom, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2009.
  20. C. S. K. Vadrevu, “Survivable and robust architectures for next generation hybrid/circuit packet networks,” Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Davis, 2012.

2010

C. S. K. Vadrevu and M. Tornatore, “Survivable IP topology design with re-use of backup wavelength capacity in optical backbone networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 196–205, 2010.
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

2007

M. Kurant and P. Thiran, “Survivable routing of mesh topologies in IP-over-WDM networks by recursive graph contraction,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 25, pp. 922–933, 2007.
[CrossRef]

M. Tornatore, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “WDM network design by ILP models based on flow aggregation,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 15, pp. 709–720, 2007.
[CrossRef]

2003

K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, “A comprehensive study on next-generation optical grooming switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1173–1186, 2003.
[CrossRef]

2002

L. Sahasrabuddhe, S. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, “Fault management in IP-over-WDM networks: WDM protection versus IP restoration,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, pp. 21–33, 2002.
[CrossRef]

E. Modiano and A. Narula-Tam, “Survivable lightpath routing: a new approach to the design of WDM-based networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, pp. 800–809, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Autenrieth, A.

A. Autenrieth, J.-P. Elbers, H.-J. Schmidtke, M. Macchi, and G. Rosenzweig, “Benefits of integrated packet/circuit/wavelength switches in next-generation optical core networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2011.

Berthold, J.

Bhandari, R.

R. Bhandari, Survivable Networks: Algorithms for Diverse Routing. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1999.

Blair, L.

Bohnert, T. M.

T. M. Bohnert, S. Figuerola, N. Ciulli, D. Simeonidou, and P. Vicat-Blanc, “Optical networking for cloud computing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2011.

Cavdar, C.

C. Cavdar, A. G. Yayimli, and B. Mukherjee, “Multi-layer resilient design for layer-1 VPNs,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, 2008.

Chiu, A.

Choudhury, G.

Choudhury, G. L.

G. L. Choudhury and J. G. Klincewicz, “Survivable IP link topology design in an IP-over-WDM architecture,” in Proc. 7th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks, Washington, DC, 2009.

Ciulli, N.

T. M. Bohnert, S. Figuerola, N. Ciulli, D. Simeonidou, and P. Vicat-Blanc, “Optical networking for cloud computing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2011.

Clapp, G.

Doverspike, B.

Elbers, J.-P.

A. Autenrieth, J.-P. Elbers, H.-J. Schmidtke, M. Macchi, and G. Rosenzweig, “Benefits of integrated packet/circuit/wavelength switches in next-generation optical core networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2011.

Figuerola, S.

T. M. Bohnert, S. Figuerola, N. Ciulli, D. Simeonidou, and P. Vicat-Blanc, “Optical networking for cloud computing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2011.

Gannet, J.

Guok, C. P.

C. S. K. Vadrevu, M. Tornatore, C. P. Guok, and I. Monga, “A heuristic for combined protection of IP services and wavelength services in optical WDM networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Advanced Networks and Telecommunication Systems (ANTS), Mumbai, India, Dec. 2010.

Klincewicz, J.

Klincewicz, J. G.

G. L. Choudhury and J. G. Klincewicz, “Survivable IP link topology design in an IP-over-WDM architecture,” in Proc. 7th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks, Washington, DC, 2009.

Kurant, M.

M. Kurant and P. Thiran, “Survivable routing of mesh topologies in IP-over-WDM networks by recursive graph contraction,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 25, pp. 922–933, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

K. Lee and E. Modiano, “Cross-layer survivability in WDM-based networks,” in Proc. IEEE Infocom, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2009.

Lehmen, A. V.

Ligli, G.

Macchi, M.

A. Autenrieth, J.-P. Elbers, H.-J. Schmidtke, M. Macchi, and G. Rosenzweig, “Benefits of integrated packet/circuit/wavelength switches in next-generation optical core networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2011.

Maier, G.

M. Tornatore, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “WDM network design by ILP models based on flow aggregation,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 15, pp. 709–720, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Modiano, E.

E. Modiano and A. Narula-Tam, “Survivable lightpath routing: a new approach to the design of WDM-based networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, pp. 800–809, 2002.
[CrossRef]

K. Lee and E. Modiano, “Cross-layer survivability in WDM-based networks,” in Proc. IEEE Infocom, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2009.

Monga, I.

C. S. K. Vadrevu, M. Tornatore, C. P. Guok, and I. Monga, “A heuristic for combined protection of IP services and wavelength services in optical WDM networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Advanced Networks and Telecommunication Systems (ANTS), Mumbai, India, Dec. 2010.

Mukherjee, B.

K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, “A comprehensive study on next-generation optical grooming switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1173–1186, 2003.
[CrossRef]

L. Sahasrabuddhe, S. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, “Fault management in IP-over-WDM networks: WDM protection versus IP restoration,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, pp. 21–33, 2002.
[CrossRef]

C. Cavdar, A. G. Yayimli, and B. Mukherjee, “Multi-layer resilient design for layer-1 VPNs,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, 2008.

Narula-Tam, A.

E. Modiano and A. Narula-Tam, “Survivable lightpath routing: a new approach to the design of WDM-based networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, pp. 800–809, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Pattavina, A.

M. Tornatore, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “WDM network design by ILP models based on flow aggregation,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 15, pp. 709–720, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Ramamurthy, S.

L. Sahasrabuddhe, S. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, “Fault management in IP-over-WDM networks: WDM protection versus IP restoration,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, pp. 21–33, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Rosenzweig, G.

A. Autenrieth, J.-P. Elbers, H.-J. Schmidtke, M. Macchi, and G. Rosenzweig, “Benefits of integrated packet/circuit/wavelength switches in next-generation optical core networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2011.

Sahasrabuddhe, L.

L. Sahasrabuddhe, S. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, “Fault management in IP-over-WDM networks: WDM protection versus IP restoration,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, pp. 21–33, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Saleh, A. A. M.

Schmidtke, H.-J.

A. Autenrieth, J.-P. Elbers, H.-J. Schmidtke, M. Macchi, and G. Rosenzweig, “Benefits of integrated packet/circuit/wavelength switches in next-generation optical core networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2011.

Simeonidou, D.

T. M. Bohnert, S. Figuerola, N. Ciulli, D. Simeonidou, and P. Vicat-Blanc, “Optical networking for cloud computing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2011.

Simmons, J.

J. Simmons, Optical Network Design and Planning. Springer, 2008.

Simmons, J. M.

Skoog, R.

Strand, J.

Thiran, P.

M. Kurant and P. Thiran, “Survivable routing of mesh topologies in IP-over-WDM networks by recursive graph contraction,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 25, pp. 922–933, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Tornatore, M.

C. S. K. Vadrevu and M. Tornatore, “Survivable IP topology design with re-use of backup wavelength capacity in optical backbone networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 196–205, 2010.
[CrossRef]

M. Tornatore, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “WDM network design by ILP models based on flow aggregation,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 15, pp. 709–720, 2007.
[CrossRef]

C. S. K. Vadrevu, M. Tornatore, C. P. Guok, and I. Monga, “A heuristic for combined protection of IP services and wavelength services in optical WDM networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Advanced Networks and Telecommunication Systems (ANTS), Mumbai, India, Dec. 2010.

Vadrevu, C. S. K.

C. S. K. Vadrevu and M. Tornatore, “Survivable IP topology design with re-use of backup wavelength capacity in optical backbone networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 196–205, 2010.
[CrossRef]

C. S. K. Vadrevu, “Survivable and robust architectures for next generation hybrid/circuit packet networks,” Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Davis, 2012.

C. S. K. Vadrevu, M. Tornatore, C. P. Guok, and I. Monga, “A heuristic for combined protection of IP services and wavelength services in optical WDM networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Advanced Networks and Telecommunication Systems (ANTS), Mumbai, India, Dec. 2010.

Vicat-Blanc, P.

T. M. Bohnert, S. Figuerola, N. Ciulli, D. Simeonidou, and P. Vicat-Blanc, “Optical networking for cloud computing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2011.

Xu, D.

Yayimli, A. G.

A. G. Yayimli, “Selective survivability with disjoint nodes and disjoint lightpaths for layer 1 VPN,” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, pp. 3–9, 2009.
[CrossRef]

C. Cavdar, A. G. Yayimli, and B. Mukherjee, “Multi-layer resilient design for layer-1 VPNs,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, 2008.

Zang, H.

K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, “A comprehensive study on next-generation optical grooming switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1173–1186, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Zhu, K.

K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, “A comprehensive study on next-generation optical grooming switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1173–1186, 2003.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

L. Sahasrabuddhe, S. Ramamurthy, and B. Mukherjee, “Fault management in IP-over-WDM networks: WDM protection versus IP restoration,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, pp. 21–33, 2002.
[CrossRef]

E. Modiano and A. Narula-Tam, “Survivable lightpath routing: a new approach to the design of WDM-based networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, pp. 800–809, 2002.
[CrossRef]

K. Zhu, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, “A comprehensive study on next-generation optical grooming switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1173–1186, 2003.
[CrossRef]

M. Kurant and P. Thiran, “Survivable routing of mesh topologies in IP-over-WDM networks by recursive graph contraction,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 25, pp. 922–933, 2007.
[CrossRef]

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.

M. Tornatore, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “WDM network design by ILP models based on flow aggregation,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 15, pp. 709–720, 2007.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Switching Networking

A. G. Yayimli, “Selective survivability with disjoint nodes and disjoint lightpaths for layer 1 VPN,” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, pp. 3–9, 2009.
[CrossRef]

C. S. K. Vadrevu and M. Tornatore, “Survivable IP topology design with re-use of backup wavelength capacity in optical backbone networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 196–205, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Other

G. L. Choudhury and J. G. Klincewicz, “Survivable IP link topology design in an IP-over-WDM architecture,” in Proc. 7th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks, Washington, DC, 2009.

K. Lee and E. Modiano, “Cross-layer survivability in WDM-based networks,” in Proc. IEEE Infocom, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2009.

C. S. K. Vadrevu, “Survivable and robust architectures for next generation hybrid/circuit packet networks,” Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Davis, 2012.

J. Simmons, Optical Network Design and Planning. Springer, 2008.

http://www.darpa.mil/Our_Work/STO/Programs/Dynamic_Multi-Terabit_Core_Optical_Networks_(CORONET).aspx.

http://www.es.net/.

A. Autenrieth, J.-P. Elbers, H.-J. Schmidtke, M. Macchi, and G. Rosenzweig, “Benefits of integrated packet/circuit/wavelength switches in next-generation optical core networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2011.

T. M. Bohnert, S. Figuerola, N. Ciulli, D. Simeonidou, and P. Vicat-Blanc, “Optical networking for cloud computing,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2011.

C. Cavdar, A. G. Yayimli, and B. Mukherjee, “Multi-layer resilient design for layer-1 VPNs,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, 2008.

R. Bhandari, Survivable Networks: Algorithms for Diverse Routing. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1999.

C. S. K. Vadrevu, M. Tornatore, C. P. Guok, and I. Monga, “A heuristic for combined protection of IP services and wavelength services in optical WDM networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Advanced Networks and Telecommunication Systems (ANTS), Mumbai, India, Dec. 2010.

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Figures (26)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) A two-layer IP-over-WDM network.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Sample IP topology.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

8-node physical topology.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Various routing choices of backup circuits in the physical topology.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Integrated provisioning with capacity sharing (IP-CS): Survivable routing of WL service requests over the physical topology.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Integrated provisioning with capacity sharing (IP-CS): Survivable routing of the IP topology in Fig. 2 over the physical topology.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Two-step provisioning with capacity sharing (TSP-CS): Survivable routing of WL service requests over the physical topology.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Two-step provisioning with capacity sharing (TSP-CS): Survivable routing of the IP topology in Fig. 2 over the physical topology.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Integrated provisioning with no capacity sharing (IP-NCS): Survivable routing of WL service requests over the physical topology.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Integrated provisioning with no capacity sharing (IP-NCS): Survivable routing of the IP topology in Fig. 2 over the physical topology.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Integrated provisioning with capacity sharing and capacity assurance for IP topology (IP-CSCAIP): IP topology of Fig. 2 with additional IP links.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Integrated provisioning with capacity sharing and capacity assurance for IP topology (IP-CSCAIP): Survivable routing of the IP topology in Fig. 11 over the physical topology.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

IP topology with subtopology.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Contracted IP topology.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Dependency graph of various modules in the IP- CS H heuristic.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

14-node NSF topology used in this study.

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

24-node US-wide topology used in this study.

Fig. 18
Fig. 18

8-node wheel networks of increasing connectivity.

Fig. 19
Fig. 19

Hypercube, 12-node Manhattan, and Peterson network IP topologies.

Fig. 20
Fig. 20

(Color online) Total number of wavelength channels needed for increasing connectivity of the IP topology to map 8-node wheel-network IP topologies over the 14-node NSF physical topology.

Fig. 21
Fig. 21

(Color online) Percentage of cost savings in IP traffic usage for increasing connectivity of the IP topology to map 8-node wheel-network IP topologies over the 14-node NSF physical topology.

Fig. 22
Fig. 22

(Color online) Percentage of cost savings in IP traffic usage to map the Hypercube, Manhattan, and Peterson IP topologies over the 14-node NSF physical topology.

Fig. 23
Fig. 23

(Color online) Percentage of cost savings in IP traffic usage for increasing connectivity of the IP topology to map 8-node wheel-network IP topologies for different WDM/IP traffic ratios over the 14-node NSF physical topology.

Fig. 24
Fig. 24

(Color online) Performance comparison of IP- CS H with the IP- CS ILP , IP- NCS ILP , IP- NCS ILP , and TSP- CS ILP approaches to map 8-node wheel-network IP topologies over the 14-node NSF physical topology.

Fig. 25
Fig. 25

(Color online) Performance comparison of IP- CSCAIP ILP IP- NCSCAIP ILP , IP- CS ILP , IP- NCS ILP , and IP- CSCAIP H approaches to map 8-node wheel-network IP topologies over the 14-node NSF physical topology.

Fig. 26
Fig. 26

(Color online) Performance comparison of IP- CS ILP SP- NCS ILP , IP- CSCAIP ILP , and SP- NCSCAIP ILP approaches to map 8-node wheel-network IP topologies over the 14-node NSF physical topology.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table I Run Time of IP- CS H Approach to Map 8-Node Wheel-Network IP Topologies Over the 14-Node NSF Physical Topology

Tables Icon

Table II Total Number of Wavelength Channels Used to Map Hypercube, Manhattan, and Peterson IP Topologies Over the 14-Node NSF Physical Topology Using the IP-CS, SP-NCS, IP-CSCAIP, and SP-NCSCAIP Approaches