Abstract

In this paper, we describe an autonomous distributed control system that we have been developing for an optical packet and circuit integrated network, and we experimentally evaluate its performance. Colored (i.e., multi-wavelength) optical packet-switched links transfer both control signals for circuit switching (e.g., signaling and routing) and best-effort packet data. We successfully transmitted high-definition uncompressed real-time video signals on two lightpaths established by our control system without degradation of video quality, simultaneously with other optical packet data transferred on the same optical fibers. Our developed control system not only achieved autonomous distributed signaling and routing but also has a function that can adjust wavelength resources for optical packet and circuit switching autonomously in each link at each node. Controllers achieved lightpath establishment within approximately 360 ms and dynamic resource adjustment within approximately 454 ms, in the best possible case in our experimental setup.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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  1. http://www.telecompaper.com/news/download-traffic-grows-by-254-in-japan-in-nov-2010
  2. M. Ohta, H. Harai, and T. Morioka, "Standardization of optical packet switching and many-wavelength packets," Proc. 1st ITU-T Kaleidoscope Academic Conf.: Innovations in NGN: Future Network and Services, May 2008, pp. 359‒366.
  3. H. Furukawa, N. Wada, H. Harai, and T. Miyazaki, "Development of a 640 Gbit/s/port optical packet switch prototype based on wide-colored optical packet switching technology," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, (3), B30‒B39 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Shinada, H. Furukawa, M. Nakamura, and N. Wada, "Record switching throughput of 1.28-Tbit/s/port (64-wavelength * 20-Gbit/s) by DWDM/NRZ-DQPSK optical packet switch system," Proc. ECOC2009, Vienna, Sept. 2009, PD3.1.
  5. AKARI architecture conceptual design for new generaion network ver1.0, 2007, [Online]. Availble: http://akari-project.nict.go.jp/
  6. T. Tachibana and H. Harai, "Lightpath establishment without wavelength conversion based on aggressive rank accounting in multi-domain WDM networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, (12), 1577‒1585 (June 2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Harai, "Optical packet & path integration for energy savings toward new generation network," Proc. PCFNS 08 in SAINT 2008, July 2008, pp. 389‒392.
  8. H. Furukawa, T. Miyazawa, K. Fujikawa, N. Wada, and H. Harai, "First development of integrated optical packet and circuit switching node for new-generation networks," Proc. ECOC2010, Sept. 2010, We.8.A.4.
  9. H. Furukawa, N. Wada, Y. Awaji, T. Miyazawa, H. Iiduka, N. Shiga, N. Sato, and H. Harai, "Optical packet and circuit simultaneous transmission technologies for dynamic lightpath setup/release and packet traffic change," Proc. OFC 2011, Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2011, OMK2.
  10. T. Miyazawa, H. Furukawa, K. Fujikawa, N. Wada, and H. Harai, "Experimental performance evaluation of control mechanisms for integrated optical packet- and circuit-switched networks," Proc. GLOBECOM 2010 Workshop on Network of the Future (FutureNet-III), Miami, FL, Dec. 2010, pp. 345‒350.
  11. S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, "Packet and circuit network convergence with openflow," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG1.
  12. V. Gudla, S. Das, A. Shastri, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, L. Kazovsky, and S. Yamashita, "Experimental demonstration of openflow control of packet and circuit switches," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG2.
  13. H. Wang, A. S. Garg, K. Bergman, and M. Glick, "Design and demonstration of an all-optical hybrid packet and circuit switched network platform for next generation data centers," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuP3.
  14. M. Takagi, H. Li, K. Watabe, H. Imaizumi, T. Tanemura, Y. Nakano, and H. Morikawa, "400 Gb/s hybrid optical switching demonstration combining multi-wavelength OPS and OCS with dynamic resource allocation," Proc. OFC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2009, OTuA6.
  15. K. Fujikawa and H. Otsuki, "Design and implementation of socket API assigning optical paths to L4 connections," Proc. Int. Conf. IP + Optical Network (iPOP2010), Tokyo, Japan, June 2010, 5-2.
  16. T. Miyazawa and H. Harai, "Experimental demonstration of single-star-type new-generation optical access based on WDM-direct," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2009, JWA85.
  17. A. Doria, F. Hellstrand, K. Sundell, and T. Worster, "General switch management protocol (GSMP) V3," RFC 3292, June 2002.
  18. "Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) signaling resource reservation protocol-traffic engineering (RSVP-TE) extensions," RFC 3473, L. Berger, ed., Jan. 2003.
  19. D. Katz, K. Kompella, and D. Yeung, "Traffic engineering (TE) extensions to OSPF version 2," RFC 3630, Sept. 2003.
  20. DSL Forum, "Triple-play services quality of experience (QoE) requirements," Tech. Rep. TR-126, Dec. 2006.
  21. "Network performance objectives for IP-based services," ITU-T Recommendation Y.1541, Feb. 2006.

2009 (1)

Awaji, Y.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, Y. Awaji, T. Miyazawa, H. Iiduka, N. Shiga, N. Sato, and H. Harai, "Optical packet and circuit simultaneous transmission technologies for dynamic lightpath setup/release and packet traffic change," Proc. OFC 2011, Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2011, OMK2.

Bergman, K.

H. Wang, A. S. Garg, K. Bergman, and M. Glick, "Design and demonstration of an all-optical hybrid packet and circuit switched network platform for next generation data centers," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuP3.

Das, S.

V. Gudla, S. Das, A. Shastri, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, L. Kazovsky, and S. Yamashita, "Experimental demonstration of openflow control of packet and circuit switches," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG2.

S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, "Packet and circuit network convergence with openflow," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG1.

Doria, A.

A. Doria, F. Hellstrand, K. Sundell, and T. Worster, "General switch management protocol (GSMP) V3," RFC 3292, June 2002.

Fujikawa, K.

K. Fujikawa and H. Otsuki, "Design and implementation of socket API assigning optical paths to L4 connections," Proc. Int. Conf. IP + Optical Network (iPOP2010), Tokyo, Japan, June 2010, 5-2.

T. Miyazawa, H. Furukawa, K. Fujikawa, N. Wada, and H. Harai, "Experimental performance evaluation of control mechanisms for integrated optical packet- and circuit-switched networks," Proc. GLOBECOM 2010 Workshop on Network of the Future (FutureNet-III), Miami, FL, Dec. 2010, pp. 345‒350.

H. Furukawa, T. Miyazawa, K. Fujikawa, N. Wada, and H. Harai, "First development of integrated optical packet and circuit switching node for new-generation networks," Proc. ECOC2010, Sept. 2010, We.8.A.4.

Furukawa, H.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, H. Harai, and T. Miyazaki, "Development of a 640 Gbit/s/port optical packet switch prototype based on wide-colored optical packet switching technology," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, (3), B30‒B39 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Shinada, H. Furukawa, M. Nakamura, and N. Wada, "Record switching throughput of 1.28-Tbit/s/port (64-wavelength * 20-Gbit/s) by DWDM/NRZ-DQPSK optical packet switch system," Proc. ECOC2009, Vienna, Sept. 2009, PD3.1.

H. Furukawa, T. Miyazawa, K. Fujikawa, N. Wada, and H. Harai, "First development of integrated optical packet and circuit switching node for new-generation networks," Proc. ECOC2010, Sept. 2010, We.8.A.4.

T. Miyazawa, H. Furukawa, K. Fujikawa, N. Wada, and H. Harai, "Experimental performance evaluation of control mechanisms for integrated optical packet- and circuit-switched networks," Proc. GLOBECOM 2010 Workshop on Network of the Future (FutureNet-III), Miami, FL, Dec. 2010, pp. 345‒350.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, Y. Awaji, T. Miyazawa, H. Iiduka, N. Shiga, N. Sato, and H. Harai, "Optical packet and circuit simultaneous transmission technologies for dynamic lightpath setup/release and packet traffic change," Proc. OFC 2011, Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2011, OMK2.

Garg, A. S.

H. Wang, A. S. Garg, K. Bergman, and M. Glick, "Design and demonstration of an all-optical hybrid packet and circuit switched network platform for next generation data centers," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuP3.

Getachew, D.

S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, "Packet and circuit network convergence with openflow," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG1.

Glick, M.

H. Wang, A. S. Garg, K. Bergman, and M. Glick, "Design and demonstration of an all-optical hybrid packet and circuit switched network platform for next generation data centers," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuP3.

Gudla, V.

V. Gudla, S. Das, A. Shastri, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, L. Kazovsky, and S. Yamashita, "Experimental demonstration of openflow control of packet and circuit switches," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG2.

Harai, H.

T. Tachibana and H. Harai, "Lightpath establishment without wavelength conversion based on aggressive rank accounting in multi-domain WDM networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, (12), 1577‒1585 (June 2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, H. Harai, and T. Miyazaki, "Development of a 640 Gbit/s/port optical packet switch prototype based on wide-colored optical packet switching technology," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, (3), B30‒B39 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohta, H. Harai, and T. Morioka, "Standardization of optical packet switching and many-wavelength packets," Proc. 1st ITU-T Kaleidoscope Academic Conf.: Innovations in NGN: Future Network and Services, May 2008, pp. 359‒366.

H. Harai, "Optical packet & path integration for energy savings toward new generation network," Proc. PCFNS 08 in SAINT 2008, July 2008, pp. 389‒392.

H. Furukawa, T. Miyazawa, K. Fujikawa, N. Wada, and H. Harai, "First development of integrated optical packet and circuit switching node for new-generation networks," Proc. ECOC2010, Sept. 2010, We.8.A.4.

T. Miyazawa, H. Furukawa, K. Fujikawa, N. Wada, and H. Harai, "Experimental performance evaluation of control mechanisms for integrated optical packet- and circuit-switched networks," Proc. GLOBECOM 2010 Workshop on Network of the Future (FutureNet-III), Miami, FL, Dec. 2010, pp. 345‒350.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, Y. Awaji, T. Miyazawa, H. Iiduka, N. Shiga, N. Sato, and H. Harai, "Optical packet and circuit simultaneous transmission technologies for dynamic lightpath setup/release and packet traffic change," Proc. OFC 2011, Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2011, OMK2.

T. Miyazawa and H. Harai, "Experimental demonstration of single-star-type new-generation optical access based on WDM-direct," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2009, JWA85.

Hellstrand, F.

A. Doria, F. Hellstrand, K. Sundell, and T. Worster, "General switch management protocol (GSMP) V3," RFC 3292, June 2002.

Iiduka, H.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, Y. Awaji, T. Miyazawa, H. Iiduka, N. Shiga, N. Sato, and H. Harai, "Optical packet and circuit simultaneous transmission technologies for dynamic lightpath setup/release and packet traffic change," Proc. OFC 2011, Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2011, OMK2.

Imaizumi, H.

M. Takagi, H. Li, K. Watabe, H. Imaizumi, T. Tanemura, Y. Nakano, and H. Morikawa, "400 Gb/s hybrid optical switching demonstration combining multi-wavelength OPS and OCS with dynamic resource allocation," Proc. OFC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2009, OTuA6.

Katz, D.

D. Katz, K. Kompella, and D. Yeung, "Traffic engineering (TE) extensions to OSPF version 2," RFC 3630, Sept. 2003.

Kazovsky, L.

V. Gudla, S. Das, A. Shastri, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, L. Kazovsky, and S. Yamashita, "Experimental demonstration of openflow control of packet and circuit switches," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG2.

Kompella, K.

D. Katz, K. Kompella, and D. Yeung, "Traffic engineering (TE) extensions to OSPF version 2," RFC 3630, Sept. 2003.

Li, H.

M. Takagi, H. Li, K. Watabe, H. Imaizumi, T. Tanemura, Y. Nakano, and H. Morikawa, "400 Gb/s hybrid optical switching demonstration combining multi-wavelength OPS and OCS with dynamic resource allocation," Proc. OFC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2009, OTuA6.

McKeown, N.

V. Gudla, S. Das, A. Shastri, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, L. Kazovsky, and S. Yamashita, "Experimental demonstration of openflow control of packet and circuit switches," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG2.

S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, "Packet and circuit network convergence with openflow," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG1.

Miyazaki, T.

Miyazawa, T.

H. Furukawa, T. Miyazawa, K. Fujikawa, N. Wada, and H. Harai, "First development of integrated optical packet and circuit switching node for new-generation networks," Proc. ECOC2010, Sept. 2010, We.8.A.4.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, Y. Awaji, T. Miyazawa, H. Iiduka, N. Shiga, N. Sato, and H. Harai, "Optical packet and circuit simultaneous transmission technologies for dynamic lightpath setup/release and packet traffic change," Proc. OFC 2011, Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2011, OMK2.

T. Miyazawa, H. Furukawa, K. Fujikawa, N. Wada, and H. Harai, "Experimental performance evaluation of control mechanisms for integrated optical packet- and circuit-switched networks," Proc. GLOBECOM 2010 Workshop on Network of the Future (FutureNet-III), Miami, FL, Dec. 2010, pp. 345‒350.

T. Miyazawa and H. Harai, "Experimental demonstration of single-star-type new-generation optical access based on WDM-direct," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2009, JWA85.

Morikawa, H.

M. Takagi, H. Li, K. Watabe, H. Imaizumi, T. Tanemura, Y. Nakano, and H. Morikawa, "400 Gb/s hybrid optical switching demonstration combining multi-wavelength OPS and OCS with dynamic resource allocation," Proc. OFC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2009, OTuA6.

Morioka, T.

M. Ohta, H. Harai, and T. Morioka, "Standardization of optical packet switching and many-wavelength packets," Proc. 1st ITU-T Kaleidoscope Academic Conf.: Innovations in NGN: Future Network and Services, May 2008, pp. 359‒366.

Nakamura, M.

S. Shinada, H. Furukawa, M. Nakamura, and N. Wada, "Record switching throughput of 1.28-Tbit/s/port (64-wavelength * 20-Gbit/s) by DWDM/NRZ-DQPSK optical packet switch system," Proc. ECOC2009, Vienna, Sept. 2009, PD3.1.

Nakano, Y.

M. Takagi, H. Li, K. Watabe, H. Imaizumi, T. Tanemura, Y. Nakano, and H. Morikawa, "400 Gb/s hybrid optical switching demonstration combining multi-wavelength OPS and OCS with dynamic resource allocation," Proc. OFC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2009, OTuA6.

Ohta, M.

M. Ohta, H. Harai, and T. Morioka, "Standardization of optical packet switching and many-wavelength packets," Proc. 1st ITU-T Kaleidoscope Academic Conf.: Innovations in NGN: Future Network and Services, May 2008, pp. 359‒366.

Ong, L.

S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, "Packet and circuit network convergence with openflow," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG1.

Otsuki, H.

K. Fujikawa and H. Otsuki, "Design and implementation of socket API assigning optical paths to L4 connections," Proc. Int. Conf. IP + Optical Network (iPOP2010), Tokyo, Japan, June 2010, 5-2.

Parulkar, G.

V. Gudla, S. Das, A. Shastri, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, L. Kazovsky, and S. Yamashita, "Experimental demonstration of openflow control of packet and circuit switches," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG2.

S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, "Packet and circuit network convergence with openflow," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG1.

Sato, N.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, Y. Awaji, T. Miyazawa, H. Iiduka, N. Shiga, N. Sato, and H. Harai, "Optical packet and circuit simultaneous transmission technologies for dynamic lightpath setup/release and packet traffic change," Proc. OFC 2011, Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2011, OMK2.

Shastri, A.

V. Gudla, S. Das, A. Shastri, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, L. Kazovsky, and S. Yamashita, "Experimental demonstration of openflow control of packet and circuit switches," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG2.

Shiga, N.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, Y. Awaji, T. Miyazawa, H. Iiduka, N. Shiga, N. Sato, and H. Harai, "Optical packet and circuit simultaneous transmission technologies for dynamic lightpath setup/release and packet traffic change," Proc. OFC 2011, Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2011, OMK2.

Shinada, S.

S. Shinada, H. Furukawa, M. Nakamura, and N. Wada, "Record switching throughput of 1.28-Tbit/s/port (64-wavelength * 20-Gbit/s) by DWDM/NRZ-DQPSK optical packet switch system," Proc. ECOC2009, Vienna, Sept. 2009, PD3.1.

Singh, P.

S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, "Packet and circuit network convergence with openflow," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG1.

Sundell, K.

A. Doria, F. Hellstrand, K. Sundell, and T. Worster, "General switch management protocol (GSMP) V3," RFC 3292, June 2002.

Tachibana, T.

Takagi, M.

M. Takagi, H. Li, K. Watabe, H. Imaizumi, T. Tanemura, Y. Nakano, and H. Morikawa, "400 Gb/s hybrid optical switching demonstration combining multi-wavelength OPS and OCS with dynamic resource allocation," Proc. OFC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2009, OTuA6.

Tanemura, T.

M. Takagi, H. Li, K. Watabe, H. Imaizumi, T. Tanemura, Y. Nakano, and H. Morikawa, "400 Gb/s hybrid optical switching demonstration combining multi-wavelength OPS and OCS with dynamic resource allocation," Proc. OFC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2009, OTuA6.

Wada, N.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, H. Harai, and T. Miyazaki, "Development of a 640 Gbit/s/port optical packet switch prototype based on wide-colored optical packet switching technology," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, (3), B30‒B39 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Shinada, H. Furukawa, M. Nakamura, and N. Wada, "Record switching throughput of 1.28-Tbit/s/port (64-wavelength * 20-Gbit/s) by DWDM/NRZ-DQPSK optical packet switch system," Proc. ECOC2009, Vienna, Sept. 2009, PD3.1.

H. Furukawa, T. Miyazawa, K. Fujikawa, N. Wada, and H. Harai, "First development of integrated optical packet and circuit switching node for new-generation networks," Proc. ECOC2010, Sept. 2010, We.8.A.4.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, Y. Awaji, T. Miyazawa, H. Iiduka, N. Shiga, N. Sato, and H. Harai, "Optical packet and circuit simultaneous transmission technologies for dynamic lightpath setup/release and packet traffic change," Proc. OFC 2011, Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2011, OMK2.

T. Miyazawa, H. Furukawa, K. Fujikawa, N. Wada, and H. Harai, "Experimental performance evaluation of control mechanisms for integrated optical packet- and circuit-switched networks," Proc. GLOBECOM 2010 Workshop on Network of the Future (FutureNet-III), Miami, FL, Dec. 2010, pp. 345‒350.

Wang, H.

H. Wang, A. S. Garg, K. Bergman, and M. Glick, "Design and demonstration of an all-optical hybrid packet and circuit switched network platform for next generation data centers," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuP3.

Watabe, K.

M. Takagi, H. Li, K. Watabe, H. Imaizumi, T. Tanemura, Y. Nakano, and H. Morikawa, "400 Gb/s hybrid optical switching demonstration combining multi-wavelength OPS and OCS with dynamic resource allocation," Proc. OFC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2009, OTuA6.

Worster, T.

A. Doria, F. Hellstrand, K. Sundell, and T. Worster, "General switch management protocol (GSMP) V3," RFC 3292, June 2002.

Yamashita, S.

V. Gudla, S. Das, A. Shastri, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, L. Kazovsky, and S. Yamashita, "Experimental demonstration of openflow control of packet and circuit switches," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG2.

Yeung, D.

D. Katz, K. Kompella, and D. Yeung, "Traffic engineering (TE) extensions to OSPF version 2," RFC 3630, Sept. 2003.

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Other (19)

S. Shinada, H. Furukawa, M. Nakamura, and N. Wada, "Record switching throughput of 1.28-Tbit/s/port (64-wavelength * 20-Gbit/s) by DWDM/NRZ-DQPSK optical packet switch system," Proc. ECOC2009, Vienna, Sept. 2009, PD3.1.

AKARI architecture conceptual design for new generaion network ver1.0, 2007, [Online]. Availble: http://akari-project.nict.go.jp/

http://www.telecompaper.com/news/download-traffic-grows-by-254-in-japan-in-nov-2010

M. Ohta, H. Harai, and T. Morioka, "Standardization of optical packet switching and many-wavelength packets," Proc. 1st ITU-T Kaleidoscope Academic Conf.: Innovations in NGN: Future Network and Services, May 2008, pp. 359‒366.

H. Harai, "Optical packet & path integration for energy savings toward new generation network," Proc. PCFNS 08 in SAINT 2008, July 2008, pp. 389‒392.

H. Furukawa, T. Miyazawa, K. Fujikawa, N. Wada, and H. Harai, "First development of integrated optical packet and circuit switching node for new-generation networks," Proc. ECOC2010, Sept. 2010, We.8.A.4.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, Y. Awaji, T. Miyazawa, H. Iiduka, N. Shiga, N. Sato, and H. Harai, "Optical packet and circuit simultaneous transmission technologies for dynamic lightpath setup/release and packet traffic change," Proc. OFC 2011, Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2011, OMK2.

T. Miyazawa, H. Furukawa, K. Fujikawa, N. Wada, and H. Harai, "Experimental performance evaluation of control mechanisms for integrated optical packet- and circuit-switched networks," Proc. GLOBECOM 2010 Workshop on Network of the Future (FutureNet-III), Miami, FL, Dec. 2010, pp. 345‒350.

S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, "Packet and circuit network convergence with openflow," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG1.

V. Gudla, S. Das, A. Shastri, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, L. Kazovsky, and S. Yamashita, "Experimental demonstration of openflow control of packet and circuit switches," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuG2.

H. Wang, A. S. Garg, K. Bergman, and M. Glick, "Design and demonstration of an all-optical hybrid packet and circuit switched network platform for next generation data centers," Proc. OFC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2010, OTuP3.

M. Takagi, H. Li, K. Watabe, H. Imaizumi, T. Tanemura, Y. Nakano, and H. Morikawa, "400 Gb/s hybrid optical switching demonstration combining multi-wavelength OPS and OCS with dynamic resource allocation," Proc. OFC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2009, OTuA6.

K. Fujikawa and H. Otsuki, "Design and implementation of socket API assigning optical paths to L4 connections," Proc. Int. Conf. IP + Optical Network (iPOP2010), Tokyo, Japan, June 2010, 5-2.

T. Miyazawa and H. Harai, "Experimental demonstration of single-star-type new-generation optical access based on WDM-direct," Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 2009, JWA85.

A. Doria, F. Hellstrand, K. Sundell, and T. Worster, "General switch management protocol (GSMP) V3," RFC 3292, June 2002.

"Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) signaling resource reservation protocol-traffic engineering (RSVP-TE) extensions," RFC 3473, L. Berger, ed., Jan. 2003.

D. Katz, K. Kompella, and D. Yeung, "Traffic engineering (TE) extensions to OSPF version 2," RFC 3630, Sept. 2003.

DSL Forum, "Triple-play services quality of experience (QoE) requirements," Tech. Rep. TR-126, Dec. 2006.

"Network performance objectives for IP-based services," ITU-T Recommendation Y.1541, Feb. 2006.

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Figures (15)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Concept of the optical packet and circuit integrated network.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Our optical packet and circuit integrated node configuration.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) An example of the multi-wavelength optical packet format.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Network topology of the experimental setup.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Structure of the C-plane in the experimental setup.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Control mechanism except for routing for OPS.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) An image of dynamic resource-adjustment control.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(Color online) Increase of lightpath resources by autonomous distributed resource-adjustment control: (a) flowchart, (b) image of control.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) Decrease of lightpath resources by autonomous distributed resource-adjustment control: (a) flowchart, (b) image of the control method.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(Color online) Experimental setup of our optical packet and circuit integrated network.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(Color online) The time required for lightpath establishment.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Experimental results of lightpath establishment (20 trials).

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

(Color online) An experimental result of automatic increase of lightpath resources.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

(Color online) An experimental result of automatic decrease of lightpath resources.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Experimental results of resource adjustment (20 trials).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Specifications of Each PC in our Experimental Setup