Abstract

The Core Optical Networks (CORONET) program addresses the development of architectures, protocols, and network control and management to support the future advanced requirements of both commercial and government networks, with a focus on highly dynamic and highly resilient multi-terabit core networks. CORONET encompasses a global network supporting a combination of IP and wavelength services. Satisfying the aggressive requirements of the program required a comprehensive approach addressing connection setup, restoration, quality of service, network design, and nodal architecture. This paper addresses the major innovations developed in Phase 1 of the program by the team led by Telcordia and AT&T. The ultimate goal is to transfer the technology to commercial and government networks for deployment in the next few years.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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  1. A. A. M. Saleh, "Dynamic multi-terabit core optical networks: architecture, protocols, control and management (CORONET)," DARPA BAA 06-29, Proposer Information Pamphlet.
  2. "Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) architecture," RFC 3945, E. Mannie, ed., Oct. 2004.
  3. A. Chiu, G. Choudhury, G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, J. W. Gannett, J. G. Klincewicz, G. Li, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, A. Von Lehmen, and D. Xu, "Network design and architectures for highly dynamic next-generation IP-over-optical long distance networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, (12), 1878‒1890 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, and A. C. Von Lehmen, "Lessons learned from CORONET," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, OWH3.
  5. A. Chiu, G. Choudhury, M. Feuer, J. Strand, and S. Woodward, "Integrated restoration for next-generation IP-over-optical networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, (6), 916‒924 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. A. Skoog and A. L. Neidhardt, "A fast, robust signaling protocol for enabling highly dynamic optical networks," OFC/NFOEC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 22–26, 2009, NTuB5.
  7. A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, G. Li, and J. Strand, "Restoration signaling protocol design for next-generation optical network," OFC/NFOEC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 22-26, 2009, NTuC2.
  8. S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, J. Jackel, and A. Agarwal, "Massively scaleable node design for a highly-dynamic core network," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, JThA18.
  9. R. A. Skoog and B. J. Wilson, "Transponder pool sizing in highly dynamic translucent WDM optical networks," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, NTuA3.
  10. G. L. Choudhury and J. G. Klincewicz, "Survivable IP link topology design in an IP-over-WDM architecture," 7th Int. Workshop on the Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN 2009), Washington, DC, Oct. 25–28, 2009.
  11. Sample Optical Network Topology Files available at http://www.monarchna.com/topology.html
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    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP tunnels," IETF RFC 3209, Dec. 2001.
  15. "Fast reroute extensions to RSVP-TE for LSP tunnels," IETF RFC 4090, P. Pan, G. Swallow, and A. Atlas, ed., May 2005.
  16. K. Nichols, S. Blake, F. Baker, and D. Black, "Definition of the differentiated services field (DS Field) in the IPv4 and IPv6 headers," IETF RFC 2474, Dec. 1998.
  17. A. Farrel, J. P. Vasseur, and J. Ash, "A path computation element (PCE)-based architecture," IETF RFC 4655, Aug. 2006.
  18. G. Li, A. L. Chiu, and J. Strand, "Failure recovery in all-optical ULH networks," 5th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN’05), Island of Ischia, Italy, Oct. 16–19, 2005.
  19. J. M. Simmons, "Cost vs. capacity tradeoff with shared mesh protection in optical-bypass-enabled backbone networks," OFC/NFOEC 2007, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 25–29, 2007, NThC2.
  20. X. Zhou, M. Feuer, and M. Birk, "Fast control of inter-channel SRS and residual EDFA transients using a multiple-wavelength forward-pumped discrete Raman amplifier," OFC/NFOEC 2007, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 25–29, 2007, OMN4.
  21. R. Doverspike, G. Sahin, J. Strand, and R. Tkach, "Fast restoration in a mesh network of optical cross-connects," OFC 1999, San Diego, CA, Feb. 21–26, 1999.
  22. S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, J. Calvitti, K. Falta, and J. M. Verdiell, "A high-degree photonic cross-connect for transparent networking, flexible provisioning & capacity growth," Proc. European Conf. Optical Communications, 2006, Th1.2.2.
  23. M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, and S. L. Woodward, "ROADMs and their system applications," Optical Fiber Telecommunications, volume B: Systems and Networks, Elsevier Inc., London, UK, 2008.
  24. S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in a dynamic, colorless, non-directional ROADM," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, PDPC8.
  25. M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in dynamic photonic networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 529‒535 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  26. X. J. Zhang, M. Birk, A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, M. D. Feuer, P. Magill, E. Mavrogiorgis, J. Pastor, S. L. Woodward, and J. Yates, "Bridge-and-roll demonstration in GRIPhoN (globally reconfigurable intelligent photonic network)," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, NThA1.

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, and R. Egorov, "Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, (7), 40‒50 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

Agarwal, A.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, J. Jackel, and A. Agarwal, "Massively scaleable node design for a highly-dynamic core network," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, JThA18.

Ash, J.

A. Farrel, J. P. Vasseur, and J. Ash, "A path computation element (PCE)-based architecture," IETF RFC 4655, Aug. 2006.

Awduche, D.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP tunnels," IETF RFC 3209, Dec. 2001.

Baker, F.

K. Nichols, S. Blake, F. Baker, and D. Black, "Definition of the differentiated services field (DS Field) in the IPv4 and IPv6 headers," IETF RFC 2474, Dec. 1998.

Basch, B.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, and R. Egorov, "Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, (7), 40‒50 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Berger, L.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP tunnels," IETF RFC 3209, Dec. 2001.

Bihon, D.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in dynamic photonic networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 529‒535 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in a dynamic, colorless, non-directional ROADM," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, PDPC8.

Birk, M.

X. J. Zhang, M. Birk, A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, M. D. Feuer, P. Magill, E. Mavrogiorgis, J. Pastor, S. L. Woodward, and J. Yates, "Bridge-and-roll demonstration in GRIPhoN (globally reconfigurable intelligent photonic network)," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, NThA1.

X. Zhou, M. Feuer, and M. Birk, "Fast control of inter-channel SRS and residual EDFA transients using a multiple-wavelength forward-pumped discrete Raman amplifier," OFC/NFOEC 2007, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 25–29, 2007, OMN4.

Black, D.

K. Nichols, S. Blake, F. Baker, and D. Black, "Definition of the differentiated services field (DS Field) in the IPv4 and IPv6 headers," IETF RFC 2474, Dec. 1998.

Blake, S.

K. Nichols, S. Blake, F. Baker, and D. Black, "Definition of the differentiated services field (DS Field) in the IPv4 and IPv6 headers," IETF RFC 2474, Dec. 1998.

Calvitti, J.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, J. Calvitti, K. Falta, and J. M. Verdiell, "A high-degree photonic cross-connect for transparent networking, flexible provisioning & capacity growth," Proc. European Conf. Optical Communications, 2006, Th1.2.2.

Chiu, A.

A. Chiu, G. Choudhury, M. Feuer, J. Strand, and S. Woodward, "Integrated restoration for next-generation IP-over-optical networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, (6), 916‒924 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Chiu, G. Choudhury, G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, J. W. Gannett, J. G. Klincewicz, G. Li, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, A. Von Lehmen, and D. Xu, "Network design and architectures for highly dynamic next-generation IP-over-optical long distance networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, (12), 1878‒1890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, G. Li, and J. Strand, "Restoration signaling protocol design for next-generation optical network," OFC/NFOEC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 22-26, 2009, NTuC2.

X. J. Zhang, M. Birk, A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, M. D. Feuer, P. Magill, E. Mavrogiorgis, J. Pastor, S. L. Woodward, and J. Yates, "Bridge-and-roll demonstration in GRIPhoN (globally reconfigurable intelligent photonic network)," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, NThA1.

Chiu, A. L.

G. Li, A. L. Chiu, and J. Strand, "Failure recovery in all-optical ULH networks," 5th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN’05), Island of Ischia, Italy, Oct. 16–19, 2005.

Choudhury, G.

Choudhury, G. L.

G. L. Choudhury and J. G. Klincewicz, "Survivable IP link topology design in an IP-over-WDM architecture," 7th Int. Workshop on the Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN 2009), Washington, DC, Oct. 25–28, 2009.

Clapp, G.

Doverspike, R.

A. Chiu, G. Choudhury, G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, J. W. Gannett, J. G. Klincewicz, G. Li, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, A. Von Lehmen, and D. Xu, "Network design and architectures for highly dynamic next-generation IP-over-optical long distance networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, (12), 1878‒1890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, and A. C. Von Lehmen, "Lessons learned from CORONET," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, OWH3.

A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, G. Li, and J. Strand, "Restoration signaling protocol design for next-generation optical network," OFC/NFOEC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 22-26, 2009, NTuC2.

R. Doverspike, G. Sahin, J. Strand, and R. Tkach, "Fast restoration in a mesh network of optical cross-connects," OFC 1999, San Diego, CA, Feb. 21–26, 1999.

X. J. Zhang, M. Birk, A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, M. D. Feuer, P. Magill, E. Mavrogiorgis, J. Pastor, S. L. Woodward, and J. Yates, "Bridge-and-roll demonstration in GRIPhoN (globally reconfigurable intelligent photonic network)," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, NThA1.

Egorov, R.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, and R. Egorov, "Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, (7), 40‒50 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Falta, K.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, J. Calvitti, K. Falta, and J. M. Verdiell, "A high-degree photonic cross-connect for transparent networking, flexible provisioning & capacity growth," Proc. European Conf. Optical Communications, 2006, Th1.2.2.

Farrel, A.

A. Farrel, J. P. Vasseur, and J. Ash, "A path computation element (PCE)-based architecture," IETF RFC 4655, Aug. 2006.

Feuer, M.

A. Chiu, G. Choudhury, M. Feuer, J. Strand, and S. Woodward, "Integrated restoration for next-generation IP-over-optical networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, (6), 916‒924 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, M. Feuer, and M. Birk, "Fast control of inter-channel SRS and residual EDFA transients using a multiple-wavelength forward-pumped discrete Raman amplifier," OFC/NFOEC 2007, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 25–29, 2007, OMN4.

Feuer, M. D.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in dynamic photonic networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 529‒535 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. J. Zhang, M. Birk, A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, M. D. Feuer, P. Magill, E. Mavrogiorgis, J. Pastor, S. L. Woodward, and J. Yates, "Bridge-and-roll demonstration in GRIPhoN (globally reconfigurable intelligent photonic network)," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, NThA1.

M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, and S. L. Woodward, "ROADMs and their system applications," Optical Fiber Telecommunications, volume B: Systems and Networks, Elsevier Inc., London, UK, 2008.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in a dynamic, colorless, non-directional ROADM," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, PDPC8.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, J. Calvitti, K. Falta, and J. M. Verdiell, "A high-degree photonic cross-connect for transparent networking, flexible provisioning & capacity growth," Proc. European Conf. Optical Communications, 2006, Th1.2.2.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, J. Jackel, and A. Agarwal, "Massively scaleable node design for a highly-dynamic core network," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, JThA18.

Gan, D.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP tunnels," IETF RFC 3209, Dec. 2001.

Gannett, J. W.

Gringeri, S.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, and R. Egorov, "Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, (7), 40‒50 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, J.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, J. Jackel, and A. Agarwal, "Massively scaleable node design for a highly-dynamic core network," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, JThA18.

Kilper, D. C.

M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, and S. L. Woodward, "ROADMs and their system applications," Optical Fiber Telecommunications, volume B: Systems and Networks, Elsevier Inc., London, UK, 2008.

Kim, I.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in dynamic photonic networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 529‒535 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in a dynamic, colorless, non-directional ROADM," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, PDPC8.

Klincewicz, J. G.

A. Chiu, G. Choudhury, G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, J. W. Gannett, J. G. Klincewicz, G. Li, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, A. Von Lehmen, and D. Xu, "Network design and architectures for highly dynamic next-generation IP-over-optical long distance networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, (12), 1878‒1890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Choudhury and J. G. Klincewicz, "Survivable IP link topology design in an IP-over-WDM architecture," 7th Int. Workshop on the Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN 2009), Washington, DC, Oct. 25–28, 2009.

Li, G.

A. Chiu, G. Choudhury, G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, J. W. Gannett, J. G. Klincewicz, G. Li, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, A. Von Lehmen, and D. Xu, "Network design and architectures for highly dynamic next-generation IP-over-optical long distance networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, (12), 1878‒1890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, G. Li, and J. Strand, "Restoration signaling protocol design for next-generation optical network," OFC/NFOEC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 22-26, 2009, NTuC2.

G. Li, A. L. Chiu, and J. Strand, "Failure recovery in all-optical ULH networks," 5th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN’05), Island of Ischia, Italy, Oct. 16–19, 2005.

Li, T.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP tunnels," IETF RFC 3209, Dec. 2001.

Magill, P.

X. J. Zhang, M. Birk, A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, M. D. Feuer, P. Magill, E. Mavrogiorgis, J. Pastor, S. L. Woodward, and J. Yates, "Bridge-and-roll demonstration in GRIPhoN (globally reconfigurable intelligent photonic network)," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, NThA1.

Mavrogiorgis, E.

X. J. Zhang, M. Birk, A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, M. D. Feuer, P. Magill, E. Mavrogiorgis, J. Pastor, S. L. Woodward, and J. Yates, "Bridge-and-roll demonstration in GRIPhoN (globally reconfigurable intelligent photonic network)," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, NThA1.

Neidhardt, A. L.

R. A. Skoog and A. L. Neidhardt, "A fast, robust signaling protocol for enabling highly dynamic optical networks," OFC/NFOEC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 22–26, 2009, NTuB5.

Nichols, K.

K. Nichols, S. Blake, F. Baker, and D. Black, "Definition of the differentiated services field (DS Field) in the IPv4 and IPv6 headers," IETF RFC 2474, Dec. 1998.

Palacharla, P.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in dynamic photonic networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 529‒535 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in a dynamic, colorless, non-directional ROADM," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, PDPC8.

Pastor, J.

X. J. Zhang, M. Birk, A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, M. D. Feuer, P. Magill, E. Mavrogiorgis, J. Pastor, S. L. Woodward, and J. Yates, "Bridge-and-roll demonstration in GRIPhoN (globally reconfigurable intelligent photonic network)," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, NThA1.

Sahin, G.

R. Doverspike, G. Sahin, J. Strand, and R. Tkach, "Fast restoration in a mesh network of optical cross-connects," OFC 1999, San Diego, CA, Feb. 21–26, 1999.

Saleh, A. A. M.

A. A. M. Saleh, "Dynamic multi-terabit core optical networks: architecture, protocols, control and management (CORONET)," DARPA BAA 06-29, Proposer Information Pamphlet.

Shukla, V.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, and R. Egorov, "Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, (7), 40‒50 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Simmons, J. M.

J. M. Simmons, "Cost vs. capacity tradeoff with shared mesh protection in optical-bypass-enabled backbone networks," OFC/NFOEC 2007, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 25–29, 2007, NThC2.

Skoog, R. A.

A. Chiu, G. Choudhury, G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, J. W. Gannett, J. G. Klincewicz, G. Li, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, A. Von Lehmen, and D. Xu, "Network design and architectures for highly dynamic next-generation IP-over-optical long distance networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, (12), 1878‒1890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, and A. C. Von Lehmen, "Lessons learned from CORONET," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, OWH3.

R. A. Skoog and B. J. Wilson, "Transponder pool sizing in highly dynamic translucent WDM optical networks," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, NTuA3.

R. A. Skoog and A. L. Neidhardt, "A fast, robust signaling protocol for enabling highly dynamic optical networks," OFC/NFOEC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 22–26, 2009, NTuB5.

Srinivasan, V.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP tunnels," IETF RFC 3209, Dec. 2001.

Strand, J.

A. Chiu, G. Choudhury, M. Feuer, J. Strand, and S. Woodward, "Integrated restoration for next-generation IP-over-optical networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, (6), 916‒924 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Chiu, G. Choudhury, G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, J. W. Gannett, J. G. Klincewicz, G. Li, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, A. Von Lehmen, and D. Xu, "Network design and architectures for highly dynamic next-generation IP-over-optical long distance networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, (12), 1878‒1890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, and A. C. Von Lehmen, "Lessons learned from CORONET," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, OWH3.

A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, G. Li, and J. Strand, "Restoration signaling protocol design for next-generation optical network," OFC/NFOEC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 22-26, 2009, NTuC2.

G. Li, A. L. Chiu, and J. Strand, "Failure recovery in all-optical ULH networks," 5th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN’05), Island of Ischia, Italy, Oct. 16–19, 2005.

R. Doverspike, G. Sahin, J. Strand, and R. Tkach, "Fast restoration in a mesh network of optical cross-connects," OFC 1999, San Diego, CA, Feb. 21–26, 1999.

Swallow, G.

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP tunnels," IETF RFC 3209, Dec. 2001.

Tkach, R.

R. Doverspike, G. Sahin, J. Strand, and R. Tkach, "Fast restoration in a mesh network of optical cross-connects," OFC 1999, San Diego, CA, Feb. 21–26, 1999.

Vasseur, J. P.

A. Farrel, J. P. Vasseur, and J. Ash, "A path computation element (PCE)-based architecture," IETF RFC 4655, Aug. 2006.

Verdiell, J. M.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, J. Calvitti, K. Falta, and J. M. Verdiell, "A high-degree photonic cross-connect for transparent networking, flexible provisioning & capacity growth," Proc. European Conf. Optical Communications, 2006, Th1.2.2.

Von Lehmen, A.

Von Lehmen, A. C.

G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, and A. C. Von Lehmen, "Lessons learned from CORONET," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, OWH3.

Wang, X.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in dynamic photonic networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 529‒535 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in a dynamic, colorless, non-directional ROADM," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, PDPC8.

Wilson, B. J.

R. A. Skoog and B. J. Wilson, "Transponder pool sizing in highly dynamic translucent WDM optical networks," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, NTuA3.

Woodward, S.

Woodward, S. L.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in dynamic photonic networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 529‒535 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. J. Zhang, M. Birk, A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, M. D. Feuer, P. Magill, E. Mavrogiorgis, J. Pastor, S. L. Woodward, and J. Yates, "Bridge-and-roll demonstration in GRIPhoN (globally reconfigurable intelligent photonic network)," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, NThA1.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, J. Jackel, and A. Agarwal, "Massively scaleable node design for a highly-dynamic core network," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, JThA18.

M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, and S. L. Woodward, "ROADMs and their system applications," Optical Fiber Telecommunications, volume B: Systems and Networks, Elsevier Inc., London, UK, 2008.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in a dynamic, colorless, non-directional ROADM," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, PDPC8.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, J. Calvitti, K. Falta, and J. M. Verdiell, "A high-degree photonic cross-connect for transparent networking, flexible provisioning & capacity growth," Proc. European Conf. Optical Communications, 2006, Th1.2.2.

Xu, D.

Yates, J.

X. J. Zhang, M. Birk, A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, M. D. Feuer, P. Magill, E. Mavrogiorgis, J. Pastor, S. L. Woodward, and J. Yates, "Bridge-and-roll demonstration in GRIPhoN (globally reconfigurable intelligent photonic network)," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, NThA1.

Zhang, X. J.

X. J. Zhang, M. Birk, A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, M. D. Feuer, P. Magill, E. Mavrogiorgis, J. Pastor, S. L. Woodward, and J. Yates, "Bridge-and-roll demonstration in GRIPhoN (globally reconfigurable intelligent photonic network)," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, NThA1.

Zhou, X.

X. Zhou, M. Feuer, and M. Birk, "Fast control of inter-channel SRS and residual EDFA transients using a multiple-wavelength forward-pumped discrete Raman amplifier," OFC/NFOEC 2007, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 25–29, 2007, OMN4.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, and R. Egorov, "Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, (7), 40‒50 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Other (22)

X. J. Zhang, M. Birk, A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, M. D. Feuer, P. Magill, E. Mavrogiorgis, J. Pastor, S. L. Woodward, and J. Yates, "Bridge-and-roll demonstration in GRIPhoN (globally reconfigurable intelligent photonic network)," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, NThA1.

G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, and A. C. Von Lehmen, "Lessons learned from CORONET," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, OWH3.

A. A. M. Saleh, "Dynamic multi-terabit core optical networks: architecture, protocols, control and management (CORONET)," DARPA BAA 06-29, Proposer Information Pamphlet.

"Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) architecture," RFC 3945, E. Mannie, ed., Oct. 2004.

R. A. Skoog and A. L. Neidhardt, "A fast, robust signaling protocol for enabling highly dynamic optical networks," OFC/NFOEC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 22–26, 2009, NTuB5.

A. Chiu, R. Doverspike, G. Li, and J. Strand, "Restoration signaling protocol design for next-generation optical network," OFC/NFOEC 2009, San Diego, CA, Mar. 22-26, 2009, NTuC2.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, J. Jackel, and A. Agarwal, "Massively scaleable node design for a highly-dynamic core network," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, JThA18.

R. A. Skoog and B. J. Wilson, "Transponder pool sizing in highly dynamic translucent WDM optical networks," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, NTuA3.

G. L. Choudhury and J. G. Klincewicz, "Survivable IP link topology design in an IP-over-WDM architecture," 7th Int. Workshop on the Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN 2009), Washington, DC, Oct. 25–28, 2009.

Sample Optical Network Topology Files available at http://www.monarchna.com/topology.html

"AT&T Optical Mesh Service – OMS," AT&T Product Brief, 13May13 May 2008, [Online]. Available: www.business.att.com/content/productbrochures/PB-OMS_16312_V01_05-13.pdf

D. Awduche, L. Berger, D. Gan, T. Li, V. Srinivasan, and G. Swallow, "RSVP-TE: Extensions to RSVP for LSP tunnels," IETF RFC 3209, Dec. 2001.

"Fast reroute extensions to RSVP-TE for LSP tunnels," IETF RFC 4090, P. Pan, G. Swallow, and A. Atlas, ed., May 2005.

K. Nichols, S. Blake, F. Baker, and D. Black, "Definition of the differentiated services field (DS Field) in the IPv4 and IPv6 headers," IETF RFC 2474, Dec. 1998.

A. Farrel, J. P. Vasseur, and J. Ash, "A path computation element (PCE)-based architecture," IETF RFC 4655, Aug. 2006.

G. Li, A. L. Chiu, and J. Strand, "Failure recovery in all-optical ULH networks," 5th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN’05), Island of Ischia, Italy, Oct. 16–19, 2005.

J. M. Simmons, "Cost vs. capacity tradeoff with shared mesh protection in optical-bypass-enabled backbone networks," OFC/NFOEC 2007, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 25–29, 2007, NThC2.

X. Zhou, M. Feuer, and M. Birk, "Fast control of inter-channel SRS and residual EDFA transients using a multiple-wavelength forward-pumped discrete Raman amplifier," OFC/NFOEC 2007, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 25–29, 2007, OMN4.

R. Doverspike, G. Sahin, J. Strand, and R. Tkach, "Fast restoration in a mesh network of optical cross-connects," OFC 1999, San Diego, CA, Feb. 21–26, 1999.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, J. Calvitti, K. Falta, and J. M. Verdiell, "A high-degree photonic cross-connect for transparent networking, flexible provisioning & capacity growth," Proc. European Conf. Optical Communications, 2006, Th1.2.2.

M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, and S. L. Woodward, "ROADMs and their system applications," Optical Fiber Telecommunications, volume B: Systems and Networks, Elsevier Inc., London, UK, 2008.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, "Intra-node contention in a dynamic, colorless, non-directional ROADM," OFC/NFOEC 2010, San Diego, CA, Mar. 21–25, 2010, PDPC8.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Global CORONET topology.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) IP-over-optical layer architecture.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Timing diagram illustrating the 3WHS setup time

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) WSS-based all-optical-switch architecture.

Tables (8)

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Table I CORONET Traffic Characteristics and Requirements

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Table II Breakdown of IP and Wavelength Traffic Classes

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Table III IP Designs With Increasing Number of Express Links

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Table IV OSPF Versus Optimized Traffic Engineering (Single Failure Case)

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Table V WFQ Settings to Meet CORONET IP QoS

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Table VI Number of Extra Reserved Wavelengths

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Table VII Holding Times for the Different CORONET Services

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Table VIII Bandwidths for the Different CORONET Services

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

21 ms + RTD + 2 α ( N 2 ) < RTD + 50 ms
or
2 α ( N 2 ) < 29 ms .
Holding time CDF = 0 , t < T min , 1 exp a t T min T max T min / 1 exp a , T min t T max , 1 , t > T max ,
b 1 = b min + ( b max b min ) / 3 , b 2 = b min + 2 ( b max b min ) / 3 , b 3 = b max .