Abstract

An upgrade at the physical layer regarding unbundling and dynamic bandwidth provisioning of a wavelength division multiplexed access network is presented. The capability of a reflective modulator to act as a photodetector is exploited and allows a tandem configuration to be used at the optical network unit (ONU) for flexible switching of the detection and modulation branch. Consequently, a mechanism for service operator selection and for dynamic bandwidth partitioning up to twice the nominal data rate is provided. The scheme is experimentally evaluated for different kinds of modulators and shows, together with a full-duplex transmission at 10 Gb/s, additional operation modes, featuring unidirectional downstream and upstream burst-mode transmission with up to 20 Gb/s for ONUs based on a combination of a semiconductor optical amplifier and a reflective electro-absorption modulator.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  27. X. Wei, Y. Su, X. Liu, J. Leuthold, and S. Chandrasekhar, "10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmitter using a saturated SOA as a power booster and limiting amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, (6), 1582‒1584 (2004).
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (4)

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, M. Omella, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, and J. Prat, "Direct 10 Gb/s modulation of a single-section RSOA in PONs with high optical budget," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, (6), 392‒394 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, L. Xu, C. H. Yeh, H. K. Tsang, W. Hofmann, and M. C. Amann, "40-Gb/s upstream transmitters using directly modulated 1.55-µm VCSEL array for high-split-ratio PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, (5), 347‒349 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, "Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, (6), 800‒807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Barbieri, G. Colavolpe, T. Foggi, E. Forestieri, and G. Prati, "OFDM versus single-carrier transmission for 100 Gbps optical communication," J. Lightwave Technol. 28, (17), 2537‒2551 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

N. Dupuis, J. Décobert, C. Jany, F. Alexandre, A. Garreau, N. Lagay, F. Martin, D. Carpentier, J. Landreau, and C. Kazmierski, "10-Gb/s AlGaInAs colorless remote amplified modulator by selective area growth for wavelength agnostic networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, (21), 1808‒1810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Udvary and T. Berceli, "Semiconductor optical amplifier for detection function in radio over fiber systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, (15), 2563‒2570 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

H. Shinohara, "FTTH experiences in Japan," J. Opt. Netw. 6, (6), 616‒623 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Effenberger, K. McCammon, and V. O’Byrne, "Passive optical network deployment in North America," J. Opt. Netw. 6, (7), 808‒818 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xiao, X. Du, J. Zhang, F. Hu, and S. Guizani, "Internet protocol television (IPTV): The killer application for the next-generation Internet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, (11), 126‒134 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. Fernandez, V. Lopez, and E. Zouganeli, "Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: A joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/One," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, (8), 29‒35 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, "Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, (1), 250‒252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Bock, J. Prat, and S. Walker, "Hybrid WDM/TDM PON using the AWG FSR and featuring centralized light generation and dynamic bandwidth allocation," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, (12), 3981‒3988 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

X. Wei, Y. Su, X. Liu, J. Leuthold, and S. Chandrasekhar, "10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmitter using a saturated SOA as a power booster and limiting amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, (6), 1582‒1584 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, and K. H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, (11), 2582‒2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. Sugita, A. Kaneko, K. Okamoto, M. Itoh, A. Himeno, and Y. Ohmori, "Very low insertion loss arrayed-waveguide grating with vertically tapered waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, (9), 1180‒1182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. J. Connelly and R. F. O’Dowd, "Travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier detector noise characteristics," IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 142, (1), 23‒28 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. Gustavsson, A. Karlsson, and L. Thylen, "Traveling wave semiconductor laser amplifier detectors," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, (4), 610‒617 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

J. R. Stern, J. W. Balance, D. W. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, "Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond," Electron. Lett. 23, (24), 1255‒1256 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J. G.

Alexandre, F.

N. Dupuis, J. Décobert, C. Jany, F. Alexandre, A. Garreau, N. Lagay, F. Martin, D. Carpentier, J. Landreau, and C. Kazmierski, "10-Gb/s AlGaInAs colorless remote amplified modulator by selective area growth for wavelength agnostic networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, (21), 1808‒1810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Amann, M. C.

C. W. Chow, L. Xu, C. H. Yeh, H. K. Tsang, W. Hofmann, and M. C. Amann, "40-Gb/s upstream transmitters using directly modulated 1.55-µm VCSEL array for high-split-ratio PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, (5), 347‒349 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Arellano, C.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, "Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, (1), 250‒252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bäck, J.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Balance, J. W.

J. R. Stern, J. W. Balance, D. W. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, "Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond," Electron. Lett. 23, (24), 1255‒1256 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Barbieri, A.

Bauwelinck, J.

J. Bauwelinck, B. Schrenk, C. Kazmierski, J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, and X. Z. Qiu, "Multi-operability and dynamic bandwidth allocation in PONs with electrically reconfigurable SOA/REAM-based ONUs," 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Sept. 2010, Torino, Italy, Th.10.B.4.

Berceli, T.

Besnard, P.

Q. T. Nguyen, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Shen, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, G. H. Duan, and J. C. Simon, "24 channels colorless WDM-PON with L-band 10 Gb/s downstream and C-band 2.5 Gb/s upstream using multiple-wavelengths seeding sources based on mode-locked lasers," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2010, San Diego, CA, OThG6.

Blache, F.

P. Chanclou, F. Payoux, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, F. Blache, M. Goix, J. Landreau, O. Legouezigou, and F. Mallécot, "Demonstration of RSOA-based remote modulation at 2.5 and 5 Gbit/s for WDM PON," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, Anaheim, CA, OWD1.

C. Kazmierski, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, F. Blache, M. Riet, C. Jany, and A. Scavennec, "100 Gb/s operation of an AlGaInAs semi-insulating buried heterojunction EML," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2009, San Diego, CA, OThT7.

Bock, C.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, "Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, (1), 250‒252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Bock, J. Prat, and S. Walker, "Hybrid WDM/TDM PON using the AWG FSR and featuring centralized light generation and dynamic bandwidth allocation," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, (12), 3981‒3988 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bramerie, L.

Q. T. Nguyen, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Shen, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, G. H. Duan, and J. C. Simon, "24 channels colorless WDM-PON with L-band 10 Gb/s downstream and C-band 2.5 Gb/s upstream using multiple-wavelengths seeding sources based on mode-locked lasers," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2010, San Diego, CA, OThG6.

Brenot, R.

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, M. Omella, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, and J. Prat, "Direct 10 Gb/s modulation of a single-section RSOA in PONs with high optical budget," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, (6), 392‒394 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Chanclou, F. Payoux, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, F. Blache, M. Goix, J. Landreau, O. Legouezigou, and F. Mallécot, "Demonstration of RSOA-based remote modulation at 2.5 and 5 Gbit/s for WDM PON," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, Anaheim, CA, OWD1.

Carpentier, D.

N. Dupuis, J. Décobert, C. Jany, F. Alexandre, A. Garreau, N. Lagay, F. Martin, D. Carpentier, J. Landreau, and C. Kazmierski, "10-Gb/s AlGaInAs colorless remote amplified modulator by selective area growth for wavelength agnostic networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, (21), 1808‒1810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J. G. Provost, "10 Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5 µm AlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator," European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2006, Cannes, France, We.1.6.5.

Chanclou, P.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. Fernandez, V. Lopez, and E. Zouganeli, "Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: A joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/One," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, (8), 29‒35 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Chanclou, F. Payoux, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, F. Blache, M. Goix, J. Landreau, O. Legouezigou, and F. Mallécot, "Demonstration of RSOA-based remote modulation at 2.5 and 5 Gbit/s for WDM PON," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, Anaheim, CA, OWD1.

Chandrasekhar, S.

X. Wei, Y. Su, X. Liu, J. Leuthold, and S. Chandrasekhar, "10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmitter using a saturated SOA as a power booster and limiting amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, (6), 1582‒1584 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chavarkar, P.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, A.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, "Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, (6), 800‒807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chiaroni, D.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J. G. Provost, "10 Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5 µm AlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator," European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2006, Cannes, France, We.1.6.5.

Chow, C. W.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, "Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, (6), 800‒807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, L. Xu, C. H. Yeh, H. K. Tsang, W. Hofmann, and M. C. Amann, "40-Gb/s upstream transmitters using directly modulated 1.55-µm VCSEL array for high-split-ratio PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, (5), 347‒349 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Colavolpe, G.

Connelly, M. J.

M. J. Connelly and R. F. O’Dowd, "Travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier detector noise characteristics," IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 142, (1), 23‒28 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cvijetic, M.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, and M. Cvijetic, "10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Feb. 2008, San Diego, CA, OWH4.

de Valicourt, G.

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, M. Omella, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, and J. Prat, "Direct 10 Gb/s modulation of a single-section RSOA in PONs with high optical budget," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, (6), 392‒394 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Decobert, J.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J. G. Provost, "10 Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5 µm AlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator," European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2006, Cannes, France, We.1.6.5.

Décobert, J.

N. Dupuis, J. Décobert, C. Jany, F. Alexandre, A. Garreau, N. Lagay, F. Martin, D. Carpentier, J. Landreau, and C. Kazmierski, "10-Gb/s AlGaInAs colorless remote amplified modulator by selective area growth for wavelength agnostic networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, (21), 1808‒1810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dentai, A.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Du, X.

Y. Xiao, X. Du, J. Zhang, F. Hu, and S. Guizani, "Internet protocol television (IPTV): The killer application for the next-generation Internet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, (11), 126‒134 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Duan, G. H.

Q. T. Nguyen, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Shen, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, G. H. Duan, and J. C. Simon, "24 channels colorless WDM-PON with L-band 10 Gb/s downstream and C-band 2.5 Gb/s upstream using multiple-wavelengths seeding sources based on mode-locked lasers," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2010, San Diego, CA, OThG6.

Dupuis, N.

N. Dupuis, J. Décobert, C. Jany, F. Alexandre, A. Garreau, N. Lagay, F. Martin, D. Carpentier, J. Landreau, and C. Kazmierski, "10-Gb/s AlGaInAs colorless remote amplified modulator by selective area growth for wavelength agnostic networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, (21), 1808‒1810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Effenberger, F. J.

Evans, P.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Faulkner, D. W.

J. R. Stern, J. W. Balance, D. W. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, "Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond," Electron. Lett. 23, (24), 1255‒1256 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fernandez, J.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. Fernandez, V. Lopez, and E. Zouganeli, "Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: A joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/One," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, (8), 29‒35 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Foggi, T.

Forestieri, E.

Forzati, M.

M. Forzati and C. P. Larsen, "On the symmetry requirements for tomorrow’s fibre access networks," 11th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, June 2009, Ponta Delgada, Portugal, Tu.B5.3.

Garreau, A.

N. Dupuis, J. Décobert, C. Jany, F. Alexandre, A. Garreau, N. Lagay, F. Martin, D. Carpentier, J. Landreau, and C. Kazmierski, "10-Gb/s AlGaInAs colorless remote amplified modulator by selective area growth for wavelength agnostic networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, (21), 1808‒1810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. T. Nguyen, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Shen, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, G. H. Duan, and J. C. Simon, "24 channels colorless WDM-PON with L-band 10 Gb/s downstream and C-band 2.5 Gb/s upstream using multiple-wavelengths seeding sources based on mode-locked lasers," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2010, San Diego, CA, OThG6.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J. G. Provost, "10 Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5 µm AlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator," European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2006, Cannes, France, We.1.6.5.

Genay, N.

P. Chanclou, F. Payoux, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, F. Blache, M. Goix, J. Landreau, O. Legouezigou, and F. Mallécot, "Demonstration of RSOA-based remote modulation at 2.5 and 5 Gbit/s for WDM PON," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, Anaheim, CA, OWD1.

Goix, M.

P. Chanclou, F. Payoux, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, F. Blache, M. Goix, J. Landreau, O. Legouezigou, and F. Mallécot, "Demonstration of RSOA-based remote modulation at 2.5 and 5 Gbit/s for WDM PON," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, Anaheim, CA, OWD1.

Gosselin, S.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. Fernandez, V. Lopez, and E. Zouganeli, "Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: A joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/One," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, (8), 29‒35 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guizani, S.

Y. Xiao, X. Du, J. Zhang, F. Hu, and S. Guizani, "Internet protocol television (IPTV): The killer application for the next-generation Internet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, (11), 126‒134 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gustavsson, M.

M. Gustavsson, A. Karlsson, and L. Thylen, "Traveling wave semiconductor laser amplifier detectors," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, (4), 610‒617 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Himeno, A.

A. Sugita, A. Kaneko, K. Okamoto, M. Itoh, A. Himeno, and Y. Ohmori, "Very low insertion loss arrayed-waveguide grating with vertically tapered waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, (9), 1180‒1182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, W.

C. W. Chow, L. Xu, C. H. Yeh, H. K. Tsang, W. Hofmann, and M. C. Amann, "40-Gb/s upstream transmitters using directly modulated 1.55-µm VCSEL array for high-split-ratio PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, (5), 347‒349 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hornung, S.

J. R. Stern, J. W. Balance, D. W. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, "Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond," Electron. Lett. 23, (24), 1255‒1256 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hu, F.

Y. Xiao, X. Du, J. Zhang, F. Hu, and S. Guizani, "Internet protocol television (IPTV): The killer application for the next-generation Internet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, (11), 126‒134 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hu, J.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, and M. Cvijetic, "10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Feb. 2008, San Diego, CA, OWH4.

Hurtt, S.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, M.

A. Sugita, A. Kaneko, K. Okamoto, M. Itoh, A. Himeno, and Y. Ohmori, "Very low insertion loss arrayed-waveguide grating with vertically tapered waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, (9), 1180‒1182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jany, C.

N. Dupuis, J. Décobert, C. Jany, F. Alexandre, A. Garreau, N. Lagay, F. Martin, D. Carpentier, J. Landreau, and C. Kazmierski, "10-Gb/s AlGaInAs colorless remote amplified modulator by selective area growth for wavelength agnostic networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, (21), 1808‒1810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Kazmierski, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, F. Blache, M. Riet, C. Jany, and A. Scavennec, "100 Gb/s operation of an AlGaInAs semi-insulating buried heterojunction EML," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2009, San Diego, CA, OThT7.

Jeong, K. T.

Ji, P. N.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, and M. Cvijetic, "10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Feb. 2008, San Diego, CA, OWH4.

Jorge, F.

C. Kazmierski, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, F. Blache, M. Riet, C. Jany, and A. Scavennec, "100 Gb/s operation of an AlGaInAs semi-insulating buried heterojunction EML," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2009, San Diego, CA, OThT7.

Joyner, C.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kaneko, A.

A. Sugita, A. Kaneko, K. Okamoto, M. Itoh, A. Himeno, and Y. Ohmori, "Very low insertion loss arrayed-waveguide grating with vertically tapered waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, (9), 1180‒1182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, A.

M. Gustavsson, A. Karlsson, and L. Thylen, "Traveling wave semiconductor laser amplifier detectors," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, (4), 610‒617 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kato, M.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kazmierski, C.

N. Dupuis, J. Décobert, C. Jany, F. Alexandre, A. Garreau, N. Lagay, F. Martin, D. Carpentier, J. Landreau, and C. Kazmierski, "10-Gb/s AlGaInAs colorless remote amplified modulator by selective area growth for wavelength agnostic networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, (21), 1808‒1810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Kazmierski, "Advances in remote amplified modulator developments for applications from 10 Gb/s WDM access to 100 Gb/s core networks," 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Sept. 2010, Torino, Italy, Mo.1.F.1.

J. Bauwelinck, B. Schrenk, C. Kazmierski, J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, and X. Z. Qiu, "Multi-operability and dynamic bandwidth allocation in PONs with electrically reconfigurable SOA/REAM-based ONUs," 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Sept. 2010, Torino, Italy, Th.10.B.4.

Q. T. Nguyen, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Shen, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, G. H. Duan, and J. C. Simon, "24 channels colorless WDM-PON with L-band 10 Gb/s downstream and C-band 2.5 Gb/s upstream using multiple-wavelengths seeding sources based on mode-locked lasers," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2010, San Diego, CA, OThG6.

C. Kazmierski, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, F. Blache, M. Riet, C. Jany, and A. Scavennec, "100 Gb/s operation of an AlGaInAs semi-insulating buried heterojunction EML," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2009, San Diego, CA, OThT7.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J. G. Provost, "10 Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5 µm AlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator," European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2006, Cannes, France, We.1.6.5.

Kish, F.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Konczykowska, A.

C. Kazmierski, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, F. Blache, M. Riet, C. Jany, and A. Scavennec, "100 Gb/s operation of an AlGaInAs semi-insulating buried heterojunction EML," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2009, San Diego, CA, OThT7.

Lagay, N.

N. Dupuis, J. Décobert, C. Jany, F. Alexandre, A. Garreau, N. Lagay, F. Martin, D. Carpentier, J. Landreau, and C. Kazmierski, "10-Gb/s AlGaInAs colorless remote amplified modulator by selective area growth for wavelength agnostic networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, (21), 1808‒1810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lambert, D.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Landreau, J.

N. Dupuis, J. Décobert, C. Jany, F. Alexandre, A. Garreau, N. Lagay, F. Martin, D. Carpentier, J. Landreau, and C. Kazmierski, "10-Gb/s AlGaInAs colorless remote amplified modulator by selective area growth for wavelength agnostic networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, (21), 1808‒1810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Chanclou, F. Payoux, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, F. Blache, M. Goix, J. Landreau, O. Legouezigou, and F. Mallécot, "Demonstration of RSOA-based remote modulation at 2.5 and 5 Gbit/s for WDM PON," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, Anaheim, CA, OWD1.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J. G. Provost, "10 Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5 µm AlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator," European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2006, Cannes, France, We.1.6.5.

Larsen, C. P.

M. Forzati and C. P. Larsen, "On the symmetry requirements for tomorrow’s fibre access networks," 11th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, June 2009, Ponta Delgada, Portugal, Tu.B5.3.

Lazaro, J. A.

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, M. Omella, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, and J. Prat, "Direct 10 Gb/s modulation of a single-section RSOA in PONs with high optical budget," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, (6), 392‒394 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Bauwelinck, B. Schrenk, C. Kazmierski, J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, and X. Z. Qiu, "Multi-operability and dynamic bandwidth allocation in PONs with electrically reconfigurable SOA/REAM-based ONUs," 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Sept. 2010, Torino, Italy, Th.10.B.4.

B. Schrenk, J. A. Lazaro, V. Polo, and J. Prat, "Multi-operability in WDM-PONs with electrically reconfigurable RSOA-based optical network units," Access Networks and In-house Communications, June 2010, Karlsruhe, Germany, ATuB4.

Le Pallec, M.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J. G. Provost, "10 Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5 µm AlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator," European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2006, Cannes, France, We.1.6.5.

Lee, C. H.

Legouezigou, O.

P. Chanclou, F. Payoux, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, F. Blache, M. Goix, J. Landreau, O. Legouezigou, and F. Mallécot, "Demonstration of RSOA-based remote modulation at 2.5 and 5 Gbit/s for WDM PON," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, Anaheim, CA, OWD1.

Leuthold, J.

X. Wei, Y. Su, X. Liu, J. Leuthold, and S. Chandrasekhar, "10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmitter using a saturated SOA as a power booster and limiting amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, (6), 1582‒1584 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, "Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, (6), 800‒807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Wei, Y. Su, X. Liu, J. Leuthold, and S. Chandrasekhar, "10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmitter using a saturated SOA as a power booster and limiting amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, (6), 1582‒1584 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, V.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. Fernandez, V. Lopez, and E. Zouganeli, "Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: A joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/One," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, (8), 29‒35 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mallécot, F.

P. Chanclou, F. Payoux, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, F. Blache, M. Goix, J. Landreau, O. Legouezigou, and F. Mallécot, "Demonstration of RSOA-based remote modulation at 2.5 and 5 Gbit/s for WDM PON," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, Anaheim, CA, OWD1.

Martin, F.

N. Dupuis, J. Décobert, C. Jany, F. Alexandre, A. Garreau, N. Lagay, F. Martin, D. Carpentier, J. Landreau, and C. Kazmierski, "10-Gb/s AlGaInAs colorless remote amplified modulator by selective area growth for wavelength agnostic networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, (21), 1808‒1810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mathur, A.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

McCammon, K.

Missey, M.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Murthy, S.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Muthiah, R.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nagarajan, R.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, Q. T.

Q. T. Nguyen, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Shen, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, G. H. Duan, and J. C. Simon, "24 channels colorless WDM-PON with L-band 10 Gb/s downstream and C-band 2.5 Gb/s upstream using multiple-wavelengths seeding sources based on mode-locked lasers," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2010, San Diego, CA, OThG6.

O’Byrne, V.

O’Dowd, R. F.

M. J. Connelly and R. F. O’Dowd, "Travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier detector noise characteristics," IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 142, (1), 23‒28 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Oakley, K.

J. R. Stern, J. W. Balance, D. W. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, "Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond," Electron. Lett. 23, (24), 1255‒1256 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ohmori, Y.

A. Sugita, A. Kaneko, K. Okamoto, M. Itoh, A. Himeno, and Y. Ohmori, "Very low insertion loss arrayed-waveguide grating with vertically tapered waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, (9), 1180‒1182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

A. Sugita, A. Kaneko, K. Okamoto, M. Itoh, A. Himeno, and Y. Ohmori, "Very low insertion loss arrayed-waveguide grating with vertically tapered waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, (9), 1180‒1182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Omella, M.

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, M. Omella, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, and J. Prat, "Direct 10 Gb/s modulation of a single-section RSOA in PONs with high optical budget," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, (6), 392‒394 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. J.

Park, S. J.

Payne, D.

J. R. Stern, J. W. Balance, D. W. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, "Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond," Electron. Lett. 23, (24), 1255‒1256 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Payoux, F.

P. Chanclou, F. Payoux, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, F. Blache, M. Goix, J. Landreau, O. Legouezigou, and F. Mallécot, "Demonstration of RSOA-based remote modulation at 2.5 and 5 Gbit/s for WDM PON," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, Anaheim, CA, OWD1.

Pleumeekers, J.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Polo, V.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, "Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, (1), 250‒252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Schrenk, J. A. Lazaro, V. Polo, and J. Prat, "Multi-operability in WDM-PONs with electrically reconfigurable RSOA-based optical network units," Access Networks and In-house Communications, June 2010, Karlsruhe, Germany, ATuB4.

Prat, J.

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, M. Omella, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, and J. Prat, "Direct 10 Gb/s modulation of a single-section RSOA in PONs with high optical budget," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, (6), 392‒394 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Bock, J. Prat, and S. Walker, "Hybrid WDM/TDM PON using the AWG FSR and featuring centralized light generation and dynamic bandwidth allocation," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, (12), 3981‒3988 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, "Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, (1), 250‒252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Schrenk, J. A. Lazaro, V. Polo, and J. Prat, "Multi-operability in WDM-PONs with electrically reconfigurable RSOA-based optical network units," Access Networks and In-house Communications, June 2010, Karlsruhe, Germany, ATuB4.

J. Bauwelinck, B. Schrenk, C. Kazmierski, J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, and X. Z. Qiu, "Multi-operability and dynamic bandwidth allocation in PONs with electrically reconfigurable SOA/REAM-based ONUs," 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Sept. 2010, Torino, Italy, Th.10.B.4.

Prati, G.

Provost, J. G.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J. G. Provost, "10 Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5 µm AlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator," European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2006, Cannes, France, We.1.6.5.

Qian, D.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, and M. Cvijetic, "10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Feb. 2008, San Diego, CA, OWH4.

Qiu, X. Z.

J. Bauwelinck, B. Schrenk, C. Kazmierski, J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, and X. Z. Qiu, "Multi-operability and dynamic bandwidth allocation in PONs with electrically reconfigurable SOA/REAM-based ONUs," 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Sept. 2010, Torino, Italy, Th.10.B.4.

Riet, M.

C. Kazmierski, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, F. Blache, M. Riet, C. Jany, and A. Scavennec, "100 Gb/s operation of an AlGaInAs semi-insulating buried heterojunction EML," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2009, San Diego, CA, OThT7.

Rossi, J.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Salvatore, R.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Scavennec, A.

C. Kazmierski, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, F. Blache, M. Riet, C. Jany, and A. Scavennec, "100 Gb/s operation of an AlGaInAs semi-insulating buried heterojunction EML," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2009, San Diego, CA, OThT7.

Schneider, R.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schrenk, B.

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, M. Omella, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, and J. Prat, "Direct 10 Gb/s modulation of a single-section RSOA in PONs with high optical budget," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, (6), 392‒394 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Bauwelinck, B. Schrenk, C. Kazmierski, J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, and X. Z. Qiu, "Multi-operability and dynamic bandwidth allocation in PONs with electrically reconfigurable SOA/REAM-based ONUs," 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Sept. 2010, Torino, Italy, Th.10.B.4.

B. Schrenk, J. A. Lazaro, V. Polo, and J. Prat, "Multi-operability in WDM-PONs with electrically reconfigurable RSOA-based optical network units," Access Networks and In-house Communications, June 2010, Karlsruhe, Germany, ATuB4.

Shen, A.

Q. T. Nguyen, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Shen, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, G. H. Duan, and J. C. Simon, "24 channels colorless WDM-PON with L-band 10 Gb/s downstream and C-band 2.5 Gb/s upstream using multiple-wavelengths seeding sources based on mode-locked lasers," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2010, San Diego, CA, OThG6.

Shinohara, H.

Simon, J. C.

Q. T. Nguyen, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Shen, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, G. H. Duan, and J. C. Simon, "24 channels colorless WDM-PON with L-band 10 Gb/s downstream and C-band 2.5 Gb/s upstream using multiple-wavelengths seeding sources based on mode-locked lasers," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2010, San Diego, CA, OThG6.

Song, K. H.

Soret, T.

P. Chanclou, F. Payoux, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, F. Blache, M. Goix, J. Landreau, O. Legouezigou, and F. Mallécot, "Demonstration of RSOA-based remote modulation at 2.5 and 5 Gbit/s for WDM PON," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, Anaheim, CA, OWD1.

Stern, J. R.

J. R. Stern, J. W. Balance, D. W. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, "Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond," Electron. Lett. 23, (24), 1255‒1256 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y.

X. Wei, Y. Su, X. Liu, J. Leuthold, and S. Chandrasekhar, "10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmitter using a saturated SOA as a power booster and limiting amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, (6), 1582‒1584 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sugita, A.

A. Sugita, A. Kaneko, K. Okamoto, M. Itoh, A. Himeno, and Y. Ohmori, "Very low insertion loss arrayed-waveguide grating with vertically tapered waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, (9), 1180‒1182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Thylen, L.

M. Gustavsson, A. Karlsson, and L. Thylen, "Traveling wave semiconductor laser amplifier detectors," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, (4), 610‒617 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, H. K.

C. W. Chow, L. Xu, C. H. Yeh, H. K. Tsang, W. Hofmann, and M. C. Amann, "40-Gb/s upstream transmitters using directly modulated 1.55-µm VCSEL array for high-split-ratio PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, (5), 347‒349 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Udvary, E.

Walker, S.

Wang, C. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, "Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, (6), 800‒807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, and M. Cvijetic, "10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Feb. 2008, San Diego, CA, OWH4.

Wei, X.

X. Wei, Y. Su, X. Liu, J. Leuthold, and S. Chandrasekhar, "10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmitter using a saturated SOA as a power booster and limiting amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, (6), 1582‒1584 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Welch, D.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C. L.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, "Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, (6), 800‒807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, Y.

Y. Xiao, X. Du, J. Zhang, F. Hu, and S. Guizani, "Internet protocol television (IPTV): The killer application for the next-generation Internet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, (11), 126‒134 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

C. W. Chow, L. Xu, C. H. Yeh, H. K. Tsang, W. Hofmann, and M. C. Amann, "40-Gb/s upstream transmitters using directly modulated 1.55-µm VCSEL array for high-split-ratio PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, (5), 347‒349 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C. H.

C. W. Chow, L. Xu, C. H. Yeh, H. K. Tsang, W. Hofmann, and M. C. Amann, "40-Gb/s upstream transmitters using directly modulated 1.55-µm VCSEL array for high-split-ratio PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, (5), 347‒349 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, "Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, (6), 800‒807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Y. Xiao, X. Du, J. Zhang, F. Hu, and S. Guizani, "Internet protocol television (IPTV): The killer application for the next-generation Internet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, (11), 126‒134 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ziari, M.

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zouganeli, E.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. Fernandez, V. Lopez, and E. Zouganeli, "Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: A joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/One," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, (8), 29‒35 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. R. Stern, J. W. Balance, D. W. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, "Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond," Electron. Lett. 23, (24), 1255‒1256 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M. Kato, R. Nagarajan, J. Pleumeekers, P. Evans, A. Chen, A. Mathur, A. Dentai, S. Hurtt, D. Lambert, P. Chavarkar, M. Missey, J. Bäck, R. Muthiah, S. Murthy, R. Salvatore, C. Joyner, J. Rossi, R. Schneider, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, "40-channel transmitter and receiver photonic integrated circuits operating at per channel data rate 12.5 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 43, (8), 468‒469 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. (1)

M. J. Connelly and R. F. O’Dowd, "Travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier detector noise characteristics," IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 142, (1), 23‒28 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. Fernandez, V. Lopez, and E. Zouganeli, "Overview of the optical broadband access evolution: A joint article by operators in the IST network of excellence e-Photon/One," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, (8), 29‒35 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xiao, X. Du, J. Zhang, F. Hu, and S. Guizani, "Internet protocol television (IPTV): The killer application for the next-generation Internet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, (11), 126‒134 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, "Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, (6), 800‒807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

X. Wei, Y. Su, X. Liu, J. Leuthold, and S. Chandrasekhar, "10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmitter using a saturated SOA as a power booster and limiting amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, (6), 1582‒1584 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Dupuis, J. Décobert, C. Jany, F. Alexandre, A. Garreau, N. Lagay, F. Martin, D. Carpentier, J. Landreau, and C. Kazmierski, "10-Gb/s AlGaInAs colorless remote amplified modulator by selective area growth for wavelength agnostic networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, (21), 1808‒1810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Sugita, A. Kaneko, K. Okamoto, M. Itoh, A. Himeno, and Y. Ohmori, "Very low insertion loss arrayed-waveguide grating with vertically tapered waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, (9), 1180‒1182 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, M. Omella, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, and J. Prat, "Direct 10 Gb/s modulation of a single-section RSOA in PONs with high optical budget," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, (6), 392‒394 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, L. Xu, C. H. Yeh, H. K. Tsang, W. Hofmann, and M. C. Amann, "40-Gb/s upstream transmitters using directly modulated 1.55-µm VCSEL array for high-split-ratio PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, (5), 347‒349 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, "Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, (1), 250‒252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

J. Opt. Netw. (2)

Other (10)

Q. T. Nguyen, L. Bramerie, P. Besnard, A. Shen, A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, G. H. Duan, and J. C. Simon, "24 channels colorless WDM-PON with L-band 10 Gb/s downstream and C-band 2.5 Gb/s upstream using multiple-wavelengths seeding sources based on mode-locked lasers," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2010, San Diego, CA, OThG6.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, and M. Cvijetic, "10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Feb. 2008, San Diego, CA, OWH4.

M. Forzati and C. P. Larsen, "On the symmetry requirements for tomorrow’s fibre access networks," 11th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, June 2009, Ponta Delgada, Portugal, Tu.B5.3.

C. Kazmierski, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, F. Blache, M. Riet, C. Jany, and A. Scavennec, "100 Gb/s operation of an AlGaInAs semi-insulating buried heterojunction EML," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2009, San Diego, CA, OThT7.

C. Kazmierski, "Advances in remote amplified modulator developments for applications from 10 Gb/s WDM access to 100 Gb/s core networks," 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Sept. 2010, Torino, Italy, Mo.1.F.1.

B. Schrenk, J. A. Lazaro, V. Polo, and J. Prat, "Multi-operability in WDM-PONs with electrically reconfigurable RSOA-based optical network units," Access Networks and In-house Communications, June 2010, Karlsruhe, Germany, ATuB4.

J. Bauwelinck, B. Schrenk, C. Kazmierski, J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, and X. Z. Qiu, "Multi-operability and dynamic bandwidth allocation in PONs with electrically reconfigurable SOA/REAM-based ONUs," 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Sept. 2010, Torino, Italy, Th.10.B.4.

A. Garreau, C. Kazmierski, D. Chiaroni, M. Le Pallec, J. Decobert, J. Landreau, D. Carpentier, and J. G. Provost, "10 Gbit/s drop and continue colorless operation of a 1.5 µm AlGaInAs reflective amplified electroabsorption modulator," European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2006, Cannes, France, We.1.6.5.

P. Chanclou, F. Payoux, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, F. Blache, M. Goix, J. Landreau, O. Legouezigou, and F. Mallécot, "Demonstration of RSOA-based remote modulation at 2.5 and 5 Gbit/s for WDM PON," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Mar. 2007, Anaheim, CA, OWD1.

"10-gigabit capable passive optical networks (XG-PON)," ITU-T Recommendation G.987, 2010.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) (a) Dual-operated PON with dynamic bandwidth partitioning. A pair of wavelengths is fed via the free spectral range property of the AWG toward the ONU that is designed with an identical detector and remodulator. The alternative ONU, which duplicates its receivers and transmitters, is shown on the right. (b) Wavelength allocation to support dual-operability and dynamic bandwidth partitioning for n different ONUs fed by the wavelengths λ R 1 + λ B 1 to λ Rn + λ Bn .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) (a)–(d) Different modes of operation for the ONU regarding dynamic bandwidth allocation or a switch of the service operators. (e) Received optical signals at one of the OLT receivers in the case of switching the operator at the ONU.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) (a), (b) Measured electro-optical modulation bandwidth and (c), (d) opto-electrical detection bandwidth of the RSOA for different bias current settings and input power levels.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Experimental WDM-PON setup with (a) RSOA- and (b) SOA/REAM-based ONUs for the proof of the dual-operability and dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) BER measurements for (a) downstream and (b) upstream. Dotted curves indicate the back-to-back case, dashed curves indicate the presence of a feeder but no drop fiber, and solid curves indicate present feeder and drop fibers. Hollow markers show results for a PRBS of length 2 7 1 , while filled markers represent a PRBS of length of 2 31 1 . Single ended arrows indicate power margins for the reception according to the delivered optical power.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Burst-mode traffic with a duty cycle of 1:4 for (a) the downstream and (b) the upstream transmission.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) BER measurements for (a) 5 Gb/s downstream, (b) 10 Gb/s downstream, and (c) 10 Gb/s upstream in the C-band (filled markers) and the L-band (blank markers) in continuous mode (CM) and burst mode (BM). Solid and dashed lines represent a PRBS of length 2 7 1 and 2 31 1 , respectively. The horizontal line in the burst-mode eye diagram of the downstream stems from the AC-coupled off-level.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

B = 1 2 π τ , τ = 1 L 0 L d R ( N ) d N + Γ W d d g m ( z , N ) d N Φ ( z ) 1 d z ,