Abstract

The impact of optical OFDM (orthogonal frequency division multiplexing) with adaptive modulation on reducing the filter concatenation effect is investigated, for the first time, in intensity modulation and direct-detection transparent metropolitan/regional network systems incorporating cascaded reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexers (ROADMs). The ROADMs considered are based on different optical filters including fiber Bragg grating, Chebyshev, thin film and wavelength-blocker/wavelength-selective switch devices. It is shown that, in comparison with conventional identical modulation, adaptive modulation can improve the system performance by a factor of up to 60%. The utilization of adaptive modulation can also significantly enhance the network tolerance to filter loss ripple, group delay ripple and frequency dip.

©2011 Optical Society of America

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