Abstract

We present a cooler-less, free-running 1550 nm vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) directly modulated at 10.7 Gb/s. We also report on error-free transmission through 40 km of standard single-mode optical fiber, achieved without the use of dispersion-mitigation or mid-span amplification. Inverse-dispersion fiber was utilized to realize a dispersion-matched 99.7 km optical access uplink supporting error-free transmission with 27 dB loss margin. These results indicate the feasibility of implementing cooler-less long-wavelength VCSEL devices in long-reach optical access networks.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Cherry, "Edholm’s law of bandwidth," IEEE Spectrum 41, 58‒60 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. Kapon and A. Sirbu, "Long-wavelength VCSELs: power-efficient answer," Nat. Photonics 3, 27‒29 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Koyama, "Recent advances of VCSEL photonics," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4502‒4513 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Jewell, L. Graham, M. Crom, K. Maranowski, J. Smith, and T. Fanning, "1310 nm VCSELs in 1–10 Gb/s commercial applications," Proc. SPIE 6132, 613204 (2006).
  5. X. Cheng, Y. Wen, Z. Xu, X. Shao, Y. Wang, and Y. Yeo, "10-Gb/s WDM-PON transmission using uncooled, directly modulated free-running 1.55 µm VCSELs," 34th European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), 21–25 Sept. 2008, Brussels, Belgium, P.6.02.
  6. D. Parekh, B. Zhang, X. Zhao, Y. Yue, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "90-km single-mode fiber transmission of 10-Gb/s multimode VCSELs under optical injection locking," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OTuK7.
  7. L. Xu, W. Hofmann, H. Tsang, R. Penty, I. White, and M. Amann, "1.55 µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 20 Gb/s for access networks," Fourteenth Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 17–17 July 2009, Hong Kong, ThPD1.
  8. D. Bimberg, "Ultrafast VCSELs for Datacom," IEEE Photonics J. 2, 273‒275 (2010).
  9. A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, "Adjustable-chirp VCSEL-to-VCSEL injection locking for 10-Gb/s transmission at 1.55 µm," Opt. Express 17, 21748‒21753 (2009).
    [PubMed]
  10. B. Zhang, X. Zhao, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. Wu, M. Amann, C. Chang-Hasnain, and A. Willner, "Adjustable chirp injection-locked 1.55 µm VCSELs for enhanced chromatic dispersion compensation at 10-Gbit/s," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2008, OWT7.
  11. T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, T. T. Pham, A. Tatarczak, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "VCSEL transmission at 10 Gb/s for 20 km single mode fiber WDM-PON without dispersion compensation or injection locking," Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 41‒45 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "10 Gb/s 1550 nm VCSEL transmission over 23.6 km single mode fiber with no dispersion compensation and no injection locking for WDM PONs," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, JThA30.
  13. K. Prince, M. Ma, T. B. Gibbon, and I. Tafur Monroy, "Demonstration of 10.7-Gb/s transmission in 50-km PON with uncooled free-running 1550-nm VCSEL," Conf. on Laser Electro-Optics: Applications, 2010, ATuA2.
  14. L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. Wandel, P. Kristensen, C. Jorgensen, L. V. Jorgensen, B. Edvold, B. Pálsdóttir, and D. Jakobsen, "Dispersion-compensating fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3566‒3579 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. N. Knudsen, M. Ø. Pedersen, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, "Optimisation of dispersion compensating fibres for cabled long-haul applications," Electron. Lett. 36, 2067‒2068 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. S. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Zhang, C. Yu, J. McGeehan, L. Paraschis, and A. E. Willner, "Reach extension in 10-Gb/s directly modulated transmission systems using asymmetric and narrowband optical filtering," Opt. Express 13, 5106‒5115 (2005).
    [PubMed]
  17. I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2011

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, T. T. Pham, A. Tatarczak, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "VCSEL transmission at 10 Gb/s for 20 km single mode fiber WDM-PON without dispersion compensation or injection locking," Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 41‒45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

D. Bimberg, "Ultrafast VCSELs for Datacom," IEEE Photonics J. 2, 273‒275 (2010).

2009

2006

F. Koyama, "Recent advances of VCSEL photonics," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4502‒4513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Jewell, L. Graham, M. Crom, K. Maranowski, J. Smith, and T. Fanning, "1310 nm VCSELs in 1–10 Gb/s commercial applications," Proc. SPIE 6132, 613204 (2006).

2005

2004

S. Cherry, "Edholm’s law of bandwidth," IEEE Spectrum 41, 58‒60 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

S. N. Knudsen, M. Ø. Pedersen, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, "Optimisation of dispersion compensating fibres for cabled long-haul applications," Electron. Lett. 36, 2067‒2068 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Amann, M.

B. Zhang, X. Zhao, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. Wu, M. Amann, C. Chang-Hasnain, and A. Willner, "Adjustable chirp injection-locked 1.55 µm VCSELs for enhanced chromatic dispersion compensation at 10-Gbit/s," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2008, OWT7.

L. Xu, W. Hofmann, H. Tsang, R. Penty, I. White, and M. Amann, "1.55 µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 20 Gb/s for access networks," Fourteenth Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 17–17 July 2009, Hong Kong, ThPD1.

Amann, M. C.

D. Parekh, B. Zhang, X. Zhao, Y. Yue, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "90-km single-mode fiber transmission of 10-Gb/s multimode VCSELs under optical injection locking," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OTuK7.

Bimberg, D.

D. Bimberg, "Ultrafast VCSELs for Datacom," IEEE Photonics J. 2, 273‒275 (2010).

Boffi, P.

Boletti, A.

Chang-Hasnain, C.

B. Zhang, X. Zhao, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. Wu, M. Amann, C. Chang-Hasnain, and A. Willner, "Adjustable chirp injection-locked 1.55 µm VCSELs for enhanced chromatic dispersion compensation at 10-Gbit/s," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2008, OWT7.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

D. Parekh, B. Zhang, X. Zhao, Y. Yue, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "90-km single-mode fiber transmission of 10-Gb/s multimode VCSELs under optical injection locking," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OTuK7.

Cheng, X.

X. Cheng, Y. Wen, Z. Xu, X. Shao, Y. Wang, and Y. Yeo, "10-Gb/s WDM-PON transmission using uncooled, directly modulated free-running 1.55 µm VCSELs," 34th European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), 21–25 Sept. 2008, Brussels, Belgium, P.6.02.

Cherry, S.

S. Cherry, "Edholm’s law of bandwidth," IEEE Spectrum 41, 58‒60 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, D.

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Christen, L.

B. Zhang, X. Zhao, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. Wu, M. Amann, C. Chang-Hasnain, and A. Willner, "Adjustable chirp injection-locked 1.55 µm VCSELs for enhanced chromatic dispersion compensation at 10-Gbit/s," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2008, OWT7.

Conradi, J.

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Crom, M.

J. Jewell, L. Graham, M. Crom, K. Maranowski, J. Smith, and T. Fanning, "1310 nm VCSELs in 1–10 Gb/s commercial applications," Proc. SPIE 6132, 613204 (2006).

Culverhouse, D.

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Edvold, B.

Ennser, K.

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fanning, T.

J. Jewell, L. Graham, M. Crom, K. Maranowski, J. Smith, and T. Fanning, "1310 nm VCSELs in 1–10 Gb/s commercial applications," Proc. SPIE 6132, 613204 (2006).

Gatto, A.

Gibbon, T. B.

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, T. T. Pham, A. Tatarczak, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "VCSEL transmission at 10 Gb/s for 20 km single mode fiber WDM-PON without dispersion compensation or injection locking," Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 41‒45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Prince, M. Ma, T. B. Gibbon, and I. Tafur Monroy, "Demonstration of 10.7-Gb/s transmission in 50-km PON with uncooled free-running 1550-nm VCSEL," Conf. on Laser Electro-Optics: Applications, 2010, ATuA2.

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "10 Gb/s 1550 nm VCSEL transmission over 23.6 km single mode fiber with no dispersion compensation and no injection locking for WDM PONs," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, JThA30.

Giroux, C.

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Graham, L.

J. Jewell, L. Graham, M. Crom, K. Maranowski, J. Smith, and T. Fanning, "1310 nm VCSELs in 1–10 Gb/s commercial applications," Proc. SPIE 6132, 613204 (2006).

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. Wandel, P. Kristensen, C. Jorgensen, L. V. Jorgensen, B. Edvold, B. Pálsdóttir, and D. Jakobsen, "Dispersion-compensating fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3566‒3579 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Knudsen, M. Ø. Pedersen, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, "Optimisation of dispersion compensating fibres for cabled long-haul applications," Electron. Lett. 36, 2067‒2068 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hallock, B.

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, W.

L. Xu, W. Hofmann, H. Tsang, R. Penty, I. White, and M. Amann, "1.55 µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 20 Gb/s for access networks," Fourteenth Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 17–17 July 2009, Hong Kong, ThPD1.

B. Zhang, X. Zhao, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. Wu, M. Amann, C. Chang-Hasnain, and A. Willner, "Adjustable chirp injection-locked 1.55 µm VCSELs for enhanced chromatic dispersion compensation at 10-Gbit/s," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2008, OWT7.

D. Parekh, B. Zhang, X. Zhao, Y. Yue, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "90-km single-mode fiber transmission of 10-Gb/s multimode VCSELs under optical injection locking," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OTuK7.

Jakobsen, D.

Jewell, J.

J. Jewell, L. Graham, M. Crom, K. Maranowski, J. Smith, and T. Fanning, "1310 nm VCSELs in 1–10 Gb/s commercial applications," Proc. SPIE 6132, 613204 (2006).

Jorgensen, C.

Jorgensen, L. V.

Kapon, E.

E. Kapon and A. Sirbu, "Long-wavelength VCSELs: power-efficient answer," Nat. Photonics 3, 27‒29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, T.

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Knudsen, S. N.

S. N. Knudsen, M. Ø. Pedersen, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, "Optimisation of dispersion compensating fibres for cabled long-haul applications," Electron. Lett. 36, 2067‒2068 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, F.

Kristensen, P.

Kruse, A.

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, S.

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lascar, N.

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ma, M.

K. Prince, M. Ma, T. B. Gibbon, and I. Tafur Monroy, "Demonstration of 10.7-Gb/s transmission in 50-km PON with uncooled free-running 1550-nm VCSEL," Conf. on Laser Electro-Optics: Applications, 2010, ATuA2.

Maranowski, K.

J. Jewell, L. Graham, M. Crom, K. Maranowski, J. Smith, and T. Fanning, "1310 nm VCSELs in 1–10 Gb/s commercial applications," Proc. SPIE 6132, 613204 (2006).

Martinelli, M.

McGeehan, J.

Neumeyr, C.

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, T. T. Pham, A. Tatarczak, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "VCSEL transmission at 10 Gb/s for 20 km single mode fiber WDM-PON without dispersion compensation or injection locking," Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 41‒45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "10 Gb/s 1550 nm VCSEL transmission over 23.6 km single mode fiber with no dispersion compensation and no injection locking for WDM PONs," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, JThA30.

Ortsiefer, M.

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, T. T. Pham, A. Tatarczak, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "VCSEL transmission at 10 Gb/s for 20 km single mode fiber WDM-PON without dispersion compensation or injection locking," Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 41‒45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "10 Gb/s 1550 nm VCSEL transmission over 23.6 km single mode fiber with no dispersion compensation and no injection locking for WDM PONs," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, JThA30.

Pálsdóttir, B.

Paraschis, L.

Parekh, D.

B. Zhang, X. Zhao, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. Wu, M. Amann, C. Chang-Hasnain, and A. Willner, "Adjustable chirp injection-locked 1.55 µm VCSELs for enhanced chromatic dispersion compensation at 10-Gbit/s," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2008, OWT7.

D. Parekh, B. Zhang, X. Zhao, Y. Yue, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "90-km single-mode fiber transmission of 10-Gb/s multimode VCSELs under optical injection locking," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OTuK7.

Pedersen, M. Ø.

S. N. Knudsen, M. Ø. Pedersen, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, "Optimisation of dispersion compensating fibres for cabled long-haul applications," Electron. Lett. 36, 2067‒2068 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Penty, R.

L. Xu, W. Hofmann, H. Tsang, R. Penty, I. White, and M. Amann, "1.55 µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 20 Gb/s for access networks," Fourteenth Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 17–17 July 2009, Hong Kong, ThPD1.

Pham, T. T.

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, T. T. Pham, A. Tatarczak, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "VCSEL transmission at 10 Gb/s for 20 km single mode fiber WDM-PON without dispersion compensation or injection locking," Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 41‒45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Prince, K.

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, T. T. Pham, A. Tatarczak, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "VCSEL transmission at 10 Gb/s for 20 km single mode fiber WDM-PON without dispersion compensation or injection locking," Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 41‒45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Prince, M. Ma, T. B. Gibbon, and I. Tafur Monroy, "Demonstration of 10.7-Gb/s transmission in 50-km PON with uncooled free-running 1550-nm VCSEL," Conf. on Laser Electro-Optics: Applications, 2010, ATuA2.

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "10 Gb/s 1550 nm VCSEL transmission over 23.6 km single mode fiber with no dispersion compensation and no injection locking for WDM PONs," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, JThA30.

Rönneberg, E.

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, T. T. Pham, A. Tatarczak, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "VCSEL transmission at 10 Gb/s for 20 km single mode fiber WDM-PON without dispersion compensation or injection locking," Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 41‒45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "10 Gb/s 1550 nm VCSEL transmission over 23.6 km single mode fiber with no dispersion compensation and no injection locking for WDM PONs," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, JThA30.

Roudas, I.

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shao, X.

X. Cheng, Y. Wen, Z. Xu, X. Shao, Y. Wang, and Y. Yeo, "10-Gb/s WDM-PON transmission using uncooled, directly modulated free-running 1.55 µm VCSELs," 34th European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), 21–25 Sept. 2008, Brussels, Belgium, P.6.02.

Sharma, M.

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sirbu, A.

E. Kapon and A. Sirbu, "Long-wavelength VCSELs: power-efficient answer," Nat. Photonics 3, 27‒29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, J.

J. Jewell, L. Graham, M. Crom, K. Maranowski, J. Smith, and T. Fanning, "1310 nm VCSELs in 1–10 Gb/s commercial applications," Proc. SPIE 6132, 613204 (2006).

Tafur Monroy, I.

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, T. T. Pham, A. Tatarczak, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "VCSEL transmission at 10 Gb/s for 20 km single mode fiber WDM-PON without dispersion compensation or injection locking," Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 41‒45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Prince, M. Ma, T. B. Gibbon, and I. Tafur Monroy, "Demonstration of 10.7-Gb/s transmission in 50-km PON with uncooled free-running 1550-nm VCSEL," Conf. on Laser Electro-Optics: Applications, 2010, ATuA2.

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "10 Gb/s 1550 nm VCSEL transmission over 23.6 km single mode fiber with no dispersion compensation and no injection locking for WDM PONs," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, JThA30.

Tatarczak, A.

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, T. T. Pham, A. Tatarczak, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "VCSEL transmission at 10 Gb/s for 20 km single mode fiber WDM-PON without dispersion compensation or injection locking," Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 41‒45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tomkos, I.

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, H.

L. Xu, W. Hofmann, H. Tsang, R. Penty, I. White, and M. Amann, "1.55 µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 20 Gb/s for access networks," Fourteenth Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 17–17 July 2009, Hong Kong, ThPD1.

Vodhanel, R.

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wandel, M.

Wang, R. C.

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

L. S. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Zhang, C. Yu, J. McGeehan, L. Paraschis, and A. E. Willner, "Reach extension in 10-Gb/s directly modulated transmission systems using asymmetric and narrowband optical filtering," Opt. Express 13, 5106‒5115 (2005).
[PubMed]

X. Cheng, Y. Wen, Z. Xu, X. Shao, Y. Wang, and Y. Yeo, "10-Gb/s WDM-PON transmission using uncooled, directly modulated free-running 1.55 µm VCSELs," 34th European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), 21–25 Sept. 2008, Brussels, Belgium, P.6.02.

Wen, Y.

X. Cheng, Y. Wen, Z. Xu, X. Shao, Y. Wang, and Y. Yeo, "10-Gb/s WDM-PON transmission using uncooled, directly modulated free-running 1.55 µm VCSELs," 34th European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), 21–25 Sept. 2008, Brussels, Belgium, P.6.02.

White, I.

L. Xu, W. Hofmann, H. Tsang, R. Penty, I. White, and M. Amann, "1.55 µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 20 Gb/s for access networks," Fourteenth Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 17–17 July 2009, Hong Kong, ThPD1.

Willner, A.

B. Zhang, X. Zhao, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. Wu, M. Amann, C. Chang-Hasnain, and A. Willner, "Adjustable chirp injection-locked 1.55 µm VCSELs for enhanced chromatic dispersion compensation at 10-Gbit/s," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2008, OWT7.

Willner, A. E.

L. S. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Zhang, C. Yu, J. McGeehan, L. Paraschis, and A. E. Willner, "Reach extension in 10-Gb/s directly modulated transmission systems using asymmetric and narrowband optical filtering," Opt. Express 13, 5106‒5115 (2005).
[PubMed]

D. Parekh, B. Zhang, X. Zhao, Y. Yue, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "90-km single-mode fiber transmission of 10-Gb/s multimode VCSELs under optical injection locking," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OTuK7.

Wu, M.

B. Zhang, X. Zhao, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. Wu, M. Amann, C. Chang-Hasnain, and A. Willner, "Adjustable chirp injection-locked 1.55 µm VCSELs for enhanced chromatic dispersion compensation at 10-Gbit/s," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2008, OWT7.

Xu, L.

L. Xu, W. Hofmann, H. Tsang, R. Penty, I. White, and M. Amann, "1.55 µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 20 Gb/s for access networks," Fourteenth Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 17–17 July 2009, Hong Kong, ThPD1.

Xu, Z.

X. Cheng, Y. Wen, Z. Xu, X. Shao, Y. Wang, and Y. Yeo, "10-Gb/s WDM-PON transmission using uncooled, directly modulated free-running 1.55 µm VCSELs," 34th European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), 21–25 Sept. 2008, Brussels, Belgium, P.6.02.

Yan, L. S.

Yeo, Y.

X. Cheng, Y. Wen, Z. Xu, X. Shao, Y. Wang, and Y. Yeo, "10-Gb/s WDM-PON transmission using uncooled, directly modulated free-running 1.55 µm VCSELs," 34th European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), 21–25 Sept. 2008, Brussels, Belgium, P.6.02.

Yu, C.

Yue, Y.

D. Parekh, B. Zhang, X. Zhao, Y. Yue, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "90-km single-mode fiber transmission of 10-Gb/s multimode VCSELs under optical injection locking," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OTuK7.

Zhang, B.

L. S. Yan, Y. Wang, B. Zhang, C. Yu, J. McGeehan, L. Paraschis, and A. E. Willner, "Reach extension in 10-Gb/s directly modulated transmission systems using asymmetric and narrowband optical filtering," Opt. Express 13, 5106‒5115 (2005).
[PubMed]

D. Parekh, B. Zhang, X. Zhao, Y. Yue, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "90-km single-mode fiber transmission of 10-Gb/s multimode VCSELs under optical injection locking," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OTuK7.

B. Zhang, X. Zhao, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. Wu, M. Amann, C. Chang-Hasnain, and A. Willner, "Adjustable chirp injection-locked 1.55 µm VCSELs for enhanced chromatic dispersion compensation at 10-Gbit/s," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2008, OWT7.

Zhao, X.

B. Zhang, X. Zhao, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. Wu, M. Amann, C. Chang-Hasnain, and A. Willner, "Adjustable chirp injection-locked 1.55 µm VCSELs for enhanced chromatic dispersion compensation at 10-Gbit/s," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2008, OWT7.

D. Parekh, B. Zhang, X. Zhao, Y. Yue, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "90-km single-mode fiber transmission of 10-Gb/s multimode VCSELs under optical injection locking," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OTuK7.

Electron. Lett.

S. N. Knudsen, M. Ø. Pedersen, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, "Optimisation of dispersion compensating fibres for cabled long-haul applications," Electron. Lett. 36, 2067‒2068 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

I. Tomkos, D. Chowdhury, J. Conradi, D. Culverhouse, K. Ennser, C. Giroux, B. Hallock, T. Kennedy, A. Kruse, S. Kumar, N. Lascar, I. Roudas, M. Sharma, R. Vodhanel, and R. C. Wang, "Demonstration of negative dispersion fibers for DWDM metropolitan area networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 439‒460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics J.

D. Bimberg, "Ultrafast VCSELs for Datacom," IEEE Photonics J. 2, 273‒275 (2010).

IEEE Spectrum

S. Cherry, "Edholm’s law of bandwidth," IEEE Spectrum 41, 58‒60 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Photonics

E. Kapon and A. Sirbu, "Long-wavelength VCSELs: power-efficient answer," Nat. Photonics 3, 27‒29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Fiber Technol.

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, T. T. Pham, A. Tatarczak, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "VCSEL transmission at 10 Gb/s for 20 km single mode fiber WDM-PON without dispersion compensation or injection locking," Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 41‒45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

J. Jewell, L. Graham, M. Crom, K. Maranowski, J. Smith, and T. Fanning, "1310 nm VCSELs in 1–10 Gb/s commercial applications," Proc. SPIE 6132, 613204 (2006).

Other

X. Cheng, Y. Wen, Z. Xu, X. Shao, Y. Wang, and Y. Yeo, "10-Gb/s WDM-PON transmission using uncooled, directly modulated free-running 1.55 µm VCSELs," 34th European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), 21–25 Sept. 2008, Brussels, Belgium, P.6.02.

D. Parekh, B. Zhang, X. Zhao, Y. Yue, W. Hofmann, M. C. Amann, A. E. Willner, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "90-km single-mode fiber transmission of 10-Gb/s multimode VCSELs under optical injection locking," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009, OTuK7.

L. Xu, W. Hofmann, H. Tsang, R. Penty, I. White, and M. Amann, "1.55 µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 20 Gb/s for access networks," Fourteenth Opto-Electronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), 17–17 July 2009, Hong Kong, ThPD1.

T. B. Gibbon, K. Prince, C. Neumeyr, E. Rönneberg, M. Ortsiefer, and I. Tafur Monroy, "10 Gb/s 1550 nm VCSEL transmission over 23.6 km single mode fiber with no dispersion compensation and no injection locking for WDM PONs," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010, JThA30.

K. Prince, M. Ma, T. B. Gibbon, and I. Tafur Monroy, "Demonstration of 10.7-Gb/s transmission in 50-km PON with uncooled free-running 1550-nm VCSEL," Conf. on Laser Electro-Optics: Applications, 2010, ATuA2.

B. Zhang, X. Zhao, L. Christen, D. Parekh, W. Hofmann, M. Wu, M. Amann, C. Chang-Hasnain, and A. Willner, "Adjustable chirp injection-locked 1.55 µm VCSELs for enhanced chromatic dispersion compensation at 10-Gbit/s," Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2008, OWT7.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

DC characteristic of the VCSEL source used for this evaluation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Back-to-back optical spectrum of the VCSEL with a 10.7 Gb/s NRZ-OOK data signal as the VCSEL operated at ambient temperature within the laboratory. The lasing wavelength was observed to drift during the experiment (measurement resolution: 0.01 nm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) System layout: a free-running cooler-less VCSEL at the customer premises equipment (CPE) transmits a NRZ-OOK data pattern at 10.7 Gb/s to a receiver at the central office (CO) via dispersion-matched spans (MS1 and MS2) of transmission fiber. BERT, bit error rate test; DSO, digital storage oscilloscope; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; OTF, tunable optical bandpass filter (0.9 nm FWHM); PPG, pulse pattern generator. The power levels P1 and P2 were controlled during the evaluation. The insets show optical eye observations at 20 GHz bandwidth: (a) at CPE output, (b) after 50 km MS1 and (c) after 99.7 km cascaded MS1 and MS2. The dotted lines show the zero level. Vertical scale: (a) 150 µW/div. (b,c) 50 µW/div. Horizontal scale: (a,b,c) 20 ps/div.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Post-PD electrical eye diagrams with 10.7 Gb/s NRZ-OOK signal, taken using a 10 GHz PD. Observations made: (a) back to back at CPE, (b) after 35 km uncompensated SMF, (c) after 40 km uncompensated SMF, and (d) after 50 km of matched span MS1. Vertical scale: (a,b,c,d) 300 mV/div. Horizontal scale: (a,b,c) 50 ps/div., (d) 20 ps/div.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) BER sensitivity for 10.7 Gb/s signal at key points throughout the transmission link. PRBSs of various lengths (27 − 1, 215 − 1, 231 − 1) were used to evaluate the system. (The dotted line indicates the error-free threshold at BER = 10−9 .)

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table I Characteristics of Optical Media Used (1550 nm Wavelength)

Tables Icon

Table II Extinction Ratio and OSNR at Key Points Along the PON Uplink