X. Wang, L. Guo, C. Yu, D. Wang, W. Hou, Y. Li, C. Wang, and X. Liu, "A new heuristic protection algorithm based on survivable integrated auxiliary graph in waveband switching optical networks," Comput. Commun. 32, 1000‒1005 (2009).

[CrossRef]

I. Yagyu, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, "An efficient hierarchical optical path network design algorithm based on a traffic demand expression in a Cartesian product space," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 26, 22‒31 (2008).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "Waveband switching for dynamic traffic demands in multigranular optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 15, 957‒968 (2007).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "Framework for waveband switching in multigranular optical networks: part I—multigranular cross-connect architectures [Invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 5, (12), 1043‒1055 (2006).

[CrossRef]

M. Li and B. Ramamurthy, "Heterogeneous waveband switching in wavelength division multiplexed networks based on autonomous clustering architecture [invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 5, (9), 667‒680 (2006).

[CrossRef]

M. Li and B. Ramamurthy, "Dynamic waveband switching in WDM mesh networks based on a generic auxiliary graph model," Photonic Netw. Commun. 10, (3), 309‒331 (2005).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, "A study of waveband switching with multi-layer multi-granular optical cross-connects," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, (7), 1081‒1095 (2003).

[CrossRef]

P. Ho, H. T. Mouftah, and J. Wu, "Scalable design of multi-granularity optical cross-connects for the next-generation optical internet," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1133‒1142 (2003).

[CrossRef]

R. Parthiban, R. Tucker, and C. Leckie, "Waveband grooming and IP aggregation in optical networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2476‒2488 (2003).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "A waveband switching architecture and algorithm for dynamic traffic," IEEE Commun. Lett. 7, (8), 397‒399 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, "Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, (1), 166‒171 (2002).

[CrossRef]

A. Birman, "Computing approximate blocking probabilities for a class of all-optical networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 852‒857 (1996).

[CrossRef]

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, "Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WAN’s," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, (7), 1171‒1182 (1992).

[CrossRef]

J. Yen, "Finding the *k* shortest loopless paths in a network," Manage. Sci. 17, (11), 712‒716 (1971).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "Waveband switching for dynamic traffic demands in multigranular optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 15, 957‒968 (2007).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "Framework for waveband switching in multigranular optical networks: part I—multigranular cross-connect architectures [Invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 5, (12), 1043‒1055 (2006).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, "A study of waveband switching with multi-layer multi-granular optical cross-connects," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, (7), 1081‒1095 (2003).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "A waveband switching architecture and algorithm for dynamic traffic," IEEE Commun. Lett. 7, (8), 397‒399 (2003).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "Multi-layer versus single-layer optical cross-connect architectures for waveband switching," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2004, pp. 1830‒1840.

A. Birman, "Computing approximate blocking probabilities for a class of all-optical networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 852‒857 (1996).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "Waveband switching for dynamic traffic demands in multigranular optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 15, 957‒968 (2007).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "Framework for waveband switching in multigranular optical networks: part I—multigranular cross-connect architectures [Invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 5, (12), 1043‒1055 (2006).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "A waveband switching architecture and algorithm for dynamic traffic," IEEE Commun. Lett. 7, (8), 397‒399 (2003).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, "A study of waveband switching with multi-layer multi-granular optical cross-connects," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, (7), 1081‒1095 (2003).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "Multi-layer versus single-layer optical cross-connect architectures for waveband switching," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2004, pp. 1830‒1840.

Y. Wang and X. Cao, "A new hierarchical waveband assignment algorithm for multi-granular optical networks," Proc. IEEE ICCCN, 2009, pp. 1‒6.

Y. Wang and X. Cao, "Distributive waveband assignment in multi-granular optical networks," Proc. IEEE IPDPS’09, pp. 1‒9.

L. Chen, P. Saengudomlert, and E. Modiano, "Uniform vs. non-uniform band switching in WDM networks," Proc. BROADNETS, 2005, pp. 204‒213.

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, "Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WAN’s," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, (7), 1171‒1182 (1992).

[CrossRef]

M. Iyer, G. N. Rouskas, and R. Dutta, "A hierarchical model for multigranular optical networks," Proc. BROADNETS, Sept. 2008, pp. 444‒451.

H. E. Escobar and L. R. Marshall, "All-optical wavelength band conversion enables new scalable and efficient optical network architectures," Optical Fiber Communications Conf., 2002, WH2.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, V. Kleptsyn, and A. Varsou, "Non-uniform waveband hierarchy in hybrid optical networks," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, Vol. II, 2003, pp. 1344‒1354.

A. C. Varsou, S. Ganguly, and R. Izmailov, "Waveband protection mechanisms in hierarchical optical networks," Proc. High Performance Switching and Routing, June 2003, pp. 317‒322.

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, "Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WAN’s," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, (7), 1171‒1182 (1992).

[CrossRef]

X. Wang, L. Guo, C. Yu, D. Wang, W. Hou, Y. Li, C. Wang, and X. Liu, "A new heuristic protection algorithm based on survivable integrated auxiliary graph in waveband switching optical networks," Comput. Commun. 32, 1000‒1005 (2009).

[CrossRef]

I. Yagyu, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, "An efficient hierarchical optical path network design algorithm based on a traffic demand expression in a Cartesian product space," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 26, 22‒31 (2008).

[CrossRef]

P. Ho, H. T. Mouftah, and J. Wu, "Scalable design of multi-granularity optical cross-connects for the next-generation optical internet," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1133‒1142 (2003).

[CrossRef]

X. Wang, L. Guo, C. Yu, D. Wang, W. Hou, Y. Li, C. Wang, and X. Liu, "A new heuristic protection algorithm based on survivable integrated auxiliary graph in waveband switching optical networks," Comput. Commun. 32, 1000‒1005 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Iyer, G. N. Rouskas, and R. Dutta, "A hierarchical model for multigranular optical networks," Proc. BROADNETS, Sept. 2008, pp. 444‒451.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, V. Kleptsyn, and A. Varsou, "Non-uniform waveband hierarchy in hybrid optical networks," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, Vol. II, 2003, pp. 1344‒1354.

A. C. Varsou, S. Ganguly, and R. Izmailov, "Waveband protection mechanisms in hierarchical optical networks," Proc. High Performance Switching and Routing, June 2003, pp. 317‒322.

S. Varma and J. Jue, "Protection in multi-granular waveband networks," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM, Nov./Dec. 2004, pp. 1759‒1763.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, "Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, (1), 166‒171 (2002).

[CrossRef]

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, "Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WAN’s," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, (7), 1171‒1182 (1992).

[CrossRef]

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, "Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, (1), 166‒171 (2002).

[CrossRef]

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, V. Kleptsyn, and A. Varsou, "Non-uniform waveband hierarchy in hybrid optical networks," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, Vol. II, 2003, pp. 1344‒1354.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, "Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, (1), 166‒171 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. Li and B. Ramamurthy, "Heterogeneous waveband switching in wavelength division multiplexed networks based on autonomous clustering architecture [invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 5, (9), 667‒680 (2006).

[CrossRef]

M. Li and B. Ramamurthy, "Dynamic waveband switching in WDM mesh networks based on a generic auxiliary graph model," Photonic Netw. Commun. 10, (3), 309‒331 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Li, W. Yao, and B. Ramamurthy, "Same-destination-intermediate grouping vs. end-to-end grouping for waveband switching in WDM mesh networks," Proc. IEEE ICC, Vol. 3, 2005, pp. 1807‒1812.

X. Wang, L. Guo, C. Yu, D. Wang, W. Hou, Y. Li, C. Wang, and X. Liu, "A new heuristic protection algorithm based on survivable integrated auxiliary graph in waveband switching optical networks," Comput. Commun. 32, 1000‒1005 (2009).

[CrossRef]

X. Wang, L. Guo, C. Yu, D. Wang, W. Hou, Y. Li, C. Wang, and X. Liu, "A new heuristic protection algorithm based on survivable integrated auxiliary graph in waveband switching optical networks," Comput. Commun. 32, 1000‒1005 (2009).

[CrossRef]

H. E. Escobar and L. R. Marshall, "All-optical wavelength band conversion enables new scalable and efficient optical network architectures," Optical Fiber Communications Conf., 2002, WH2.

L. Chen, P. Saengudomlert, and E. Modiano, "Uniform vs. non-uniform band switching in WDM networks," Proc. BROADNETS, 2005, pp. 204‒213.

P. Ho, H. T. Mouftah, and J. Wu, "Scalable design of multi-granularity optical cross-connects for the next-generation optical internet," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1133‒1142 (2003).

[CrossRef]

B. Mukherjee, Optical Communication Networks, Springer-Verlag, New York, 2006.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, "Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, (1), 166‒171 (2002).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "Waveband switching for dynamic traffic demands in multigranular optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 15, 957‒968 (2007).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "Framework for waveband switching in multigranular optical networks: part I—multigranular cross-connect architectures [Invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 5, (12), 1043‒1055 (2006).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, "A study of waveband switching with multi-layer multi-granular optical cross-connects," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, (7), 1081‒1095 (2003).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "A waveband switching architecture and algorithm for dynamic traffic," IEEE Commun. Lett. 7, (8), 397‒399 (2003).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "Multi-layer versus single-layer optical cross-connect architectures for waveband switching," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2004, pp. 1830‒1840.

M. Li and B. Ramamurthy, "Heterogeneous waveband switching in wavelength division multiplexed networks based on autonomous clustering architecture [invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 5, (9), 667‒680 (2006).

[CrossRef]

M. Li and B. Ramamurthy, "Dynamic waveband switching in WDM mesh networks based on a generic auxiliary graph model," Photonic Netw. Commun. 10, (3), 309‒331 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Li, W. Yao, and B. Ramamurthy, "Same-destination-intermediate grouping vs. end-to-end grouping for waveband switching in WDM mesh networks," Proc. IEEE ICC, Vol. 3, 2005, pp. 1807‒1812.

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, and G. Sasaki, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, Morgan Kaufmann, 2009.

M. Iyer, G. N. Rouskas, and R. Dutta, "A hierarchical model for multigranular optical networks," Proc. BROADNETS, Sept. 2008, pp. 444‒451.

L. Chen, P. Saengudomlert, and E. Modiano, "Uniform vs. non-uniform band switching in WDM networks," Proc. BROADNETS, 2005, pp. 204‒213.

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, and G. Sasaki, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, Morgan Kaufmann, 2009.

I. Yagyu, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, "An efficient hierarchical optical path network design algorithm based on a traffic demand expression in a Cartesian product space," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 26, 22‒31 (2008).

[CrossRef]

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, and G. Sasaki, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, Morgan Kaufmann, 2009.

O. Turkcu and S. Subramaniam, "Optimal waveband switching in optical ring networks," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2010, pp. 596‒604.

O. Turkcu and S. Subramaniam, "Optimal waveband switching in optical ring networks," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2010, pp. 596‒604.

S. Varma and J. Jue, "Protection in multi-granular waveband networks," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM, Nov./Dec. 2004, pp. 1759‒1763.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, V. Kleptsyn, and A. Varsou, "Non-uniform waveband hierarchy in hybrid optical networks," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, Vol. II, 2003, pp. 1344‒1354.

A. C. Varsou, S. Ganguly, and R. Izmailov, "Waveband protection mechanisms in hierarchical optical networks," Proc. High Performance Switching and Routing, June 2003, pp. 317‒322.

X. Wang, L. Guo, C. Yu, D. Wang, W. Hou, Y. Li, C. Wang, and X. Liu, "A new heuristic protection algorithm based on survivable integrated auxiliary graph in waveband switching optical networks," Comput. Commun. 32, 1000‒1005 (2009).

[CrossRef]

X. Wang, L. Guo, C. Yu, D. Wang, W. Hou, Y. Li, C. Wang, and X. Liu, "A new heuristic protection algorithm based on survivable integrated auxiliary graph in waveband switching optical networks," Comput. Commun. 32, 1000‒1005 (2009).

[CrossRef]

X. Wang, L. Guo, C. Yu, D. Wang, W. Hou, Y. Li, C. Wang, and X. Liu, "A new heuristic protection algorithm based on survivable integrated auxiliary graph in waveband switching optical networks," Comput. Commun. 32, 1000‒1005 (2009).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wang and X. Cao, "A new hierarchical waveband assignment algorithm for multi-granular optical networks," Proc. IEEE ICCCN, 2009, pp. 1‒6.

Y. Wang and X. Cao, "Distributive waveband assignment in multi-granular optical networks," Proc. IEEE IPDPS’09, pp. 1‒9.

P. Ho, H. T. Mouftah, and J. Wu, "Scalable design of multi-granularity optical cross-connects for the next-generation optical internet," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1133‒1142 (2003).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, "A study of waveband switching with multi-layer multi-granular optical cross-connects," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, (7), 1081‒1095 (2003).

[CrossRef]

I. Yagyu, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, "An efficient hierarchical optical path network design algorithm based on a traffic demand expression in a Cartesian product space," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 26, 22‒31 (2008).

[CrossRef]

M. Li, W. Yao, and B. Ramamurthy, "Same-destination-intermediate grouping vs. end-to-end grouping for waveband switching in WDM mesh networks," Proc. IEEE ICC, Vol. 3, 2005, pp. 1807‒1812.

J. Yen, "Finding the *k* shortest loopless paths in a network," Manage. Sci. 17, (11), 712‒716 (1971).

[CrossRef]

X. Wang, L. Guo, C. Yu, D. Wang, W. Hou, Y. Li, C. Wang, and X. Liu, "A new heuristic protection algorithm based on survivable integrated auxiliary graph in waveband switching optical networks," Comput. Commun. 32, 1000‒1005 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, "Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, (1), 166‒171 (2002).

[CrossRef]

X. Wang, L. Guo, C. Yu, D. Wang, W. Hou, Y. Li, C. Wang, and X. Liu, "A new heuristic protection algorithm based on survivable integrated auxiliary graph in waveband switching optical networks," Comput. Commun. 32, 1000‒1005 (2009).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "A waveband switching architecture and algorithm for dynamic traffic," IEEE Commun. Lett. 7, (8), 397‒399 (2003).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, "A study of waveband switching with multi-layer multi-granular optical cross-connects," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, (7), 1081‒1095 (2003).

[CrossRef]

P. Ho, H. T. Mouftah, and J. Wu, "Scalable design of multi-granularity optical cross-connects for the next-generation optical internet," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1133‒1142 (2003).

[CrossRef]

I. Yagyu, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, "An efficient hierarchical optical path network design algorithm based on a traffic demand expression in a Cartesian product space," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 26, 22‒31 (2008).

[CrossRef]

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, "Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, (1), 166‒171 (2002).

[CrossRef]

A. Birman, "Computing approximate blocking probabilities for a class of all-optical networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 852‒857 (1996).

[CrossRef]

I. Chlamtac, A. Ganz, and G. Karmi, "Lightpath communications: an approach to high bandwidth optical WAN’s," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, (7), 1171‒1182 (1992).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "Waveband switching for dynamic traffic demands in multigranular optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 15, 957‒968 (2007).

[CrossRef]

M. Li and B. Ramamurthy, "Heterogeneous waveband switching in wavelength division multiplexed networks based on autonomous clustering architecture [invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 5, (9), 667‒680 (2006).

[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "Framework for waveband switching in multigranular optical networks: part I—multigranular cross-connect architectures [Invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 5, (12), 1043‒1055 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. Yen, "Finding the *k* shortest loopless paths in a network," Manage. Sci. 17, (11), 712‒716 (1971).

[CrossRef]

M. Li and B. Ramamurthy, "Dynamic waveband switching in WDM mesh networks based on a generic auxiliary graph model," Photonic Netw. Commun. 10, (3), 309‒331 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Li, W. Yao, and B. Ramamurthy, "Same-destination-intermediate grouping vs. end-to-end grouping for waveband switching in WDM mesh networks," Proc. IEEE ICC, Vol. 3, 2005, pp. 1807‒1812.

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, "Multi-layer versus single-layer optical cross-connect architectures for waveband switching," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2004, pp. 1830‒1840.

H. E. Escobar and L. R. Marshall, "All-optical wavelength band conversion enables new scalable and efficient optical network architectures," Optical Fiber Communications Conf., 2002, WH2.

Y. Wang and X. Cao, "Distributive waveband assignment in multi-granular optical networks," Proc. IEEE IPDPS’09, pp. 1‒9.

Y. Wang and X. Cao, "A new hierarchical waveband assignment algorithm for multi-granular optical networks," Proc. IEEE ICCCN, 2009, pp. 1‒6.

M. Iyer, G. N. Rouskas, and R. Dutta, "A hierarchical model for multigranular optical networks," Proc. BROADNETS, Sept. 2008, pp. 444‒451.

O. Turkcu and S. Subramaniam, "Optimal waveband switching in optical ring networks," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2010, pp. 596‒604.

A. C. Varsou, S. Ganguly, and R. Izmailov, "Waveband protection mechanisms in hierarchical optical networks," Proc. High Performance Switching and Routing, June 2003, pp. 317‒322.

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, and G. Sasaki, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, Morgan Kaufmann, 2009.

B. Mukherjee, Optical Communication Networks, Springer-Verlag, New York, 2006.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, V. Kleptsyn, and A. Varsou, "Non-uniform waveband hierarchy in hybrid optical networks," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, Vol. II, 2003, pp. 1344‒1354.

S. Varma and J. Jue, "Protection in multi-granular waveband networks," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM, Nov./Dec. 2004, pp. 1759‒1763.

L. Chen, P. Saengudomlert, and E. Modiano, "Uniform vs. non-uniform band switching in WDM networks," Proc. BROADNETS, 2005, pp. 204‒213.