Abstract

This paper proposes an optical packet switch with parametric wavelength converters (PWCs), where the pump wavelengths are dynamically changed in every time slot. It is called the dynamic pump wavelength selection (DPS) switch. A PWC, which performs multiple wavelength conversion, uses a pump wavelength that can be flexibly chosen to define which wavelengths can be converted. To enhance switch performance, the DPS switch employs a matching scheme, which sets connections between input and output ports, in combination with dynamic pump wavelength selection; a conventional switch, on the other hand, performs matching with a given set of pump wavelengths that are configured in a static manner. The dynamic pump wavelength selection is used to select the pump wavelength for each PWC to maximize the number of wavelength conversion pairs supported. Numerical results from a simulation show that the DPS switch provides lower blocking rates than the conventional switch with pump wavelengths assigned statically, under both uniform and nonuniform traffic.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. Z. Lu, D. K. Hunter, and I. D. Henning, "Contention resolution scheme for slotted optical packet switched networks," Proc. IEEE Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (IEEE ONDM), 2005, pp. 227‒234.
  2. A. Zalesky, H. L. Vu, Z. Rosberg, E. W. M. Wong, and M. Zukerman, "Modeling and performance evaluation of optical burst switched networks with deflection routing and wavelength reservation," Proc. IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE INFOCOM), 2004, pp. 1864‒1871.
  3. J. M. Simmons, "Analysis of wavelength conversion in all-optical express backbone networks," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibit (OFC), 2002, pp. 34‒36.
  4. G. Xiao and Y. W. Leung, "Algorithms for allocating wavelength converters in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 7(4), 545‒557 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. M. H. Elmirghani and H. T. Mouftah, "All-optical wavelength conversion: technologies and applications in DWDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 86‒92 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Oki, D. Shimazaki, K. Shiomoto, N. Matsuura, W. Imajuku, and N. Yamanaka, "Performance of distributed-controlled dynamic wavelength-conversion GMPLS networks," Proc. Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2002, pp. 355‒358.
  7. S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. J. B. Yoo, and S. Dixit, "All-optical packet-switched networks: a study of contention-resolution schemes in an irregular mesh network with variable-sized packets," Proc. SPIE 4233, 235‒246 (2000).
  8. S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, and T. Chikama, "Interband wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s (32 × 10 Gb/s) WDM signal using a polarization-insensitive fiber four-wave mixer," Proc. European Conf. on Optical Communications (IEEE/ECOC), 1998, pp. 83‒87.
  9. J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, "Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103 × 10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144‒1145 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Yamawaku, E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, T. Morioka, and K. Suzuki, "Field demonstration of up to 640 Gb/s (64 ch × 10 Gb/s) GWP switching networks with a QPM-LN wavelength converter in JGN II test bed," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 12(4), 529‒535 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Devgan, R. Tang, V. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, "Highly efficient multichannel wavelength conversion of DPSK signals," J. Lightwave Technol. 24(10), 3677‒3682 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Yu, M. Huang, and G. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4 × 112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Opt. Express 16(26), 21161‒21169 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. Okonkwo, R. C. Almeida, R. E. Martin, and K. M. Guild, "Performance analysis of an optical packet switch with shared parametric wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 12(8), 596‒598 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. Kitsuwan, R. Rojas-Cessa, M. Matsuura, and E. Oki, "Performance of an optical packet switch with parametric wavelength converters," Proc. Int. Conf. Communications (IEEE ICC), 2010.
  15. N. Kitsuwan, R. Rojas-Cessa, M. Matsuura, and E. Oki, "Performance of optical packet switches based on parametric wavelength converters," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2(8), 558‒569 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Kaure, M. Girault, J. Leuthold, J. Honthaas, O. Pellegri, C. Goullancourt, and M. Zirngibl, "16-channel digitally tunable external-cavity laser with nanosecond switching time," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 371‒373 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Furukawa, N. Wada, N. Takezawa, K. Nashimoto, and T. Miyazaki, "640 (2 × 32λ × 10) Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed, wide-colored optical packet switching achieved by polarization-independent high-speed PLZT switch," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2008, paper OTuL7.
  18. E. Oki, R. Rojas-Cessa, and H. J. Chao, "A pipeline-based approach for maximal-sized matching scheduling in input-buffered switches," IEEE Commun. Lett. 5(6), 263‒265 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  19. E. Oki and N. Yamanaka, "A high-speed tandem-crosspoint ATM switch architecture with input and output buffers," IEICE Trans. Commun. E81-B(2), 215‒223 (1998).
  20. E. Oki and N. Yamanaka, "A high-speed ATM switch based on scalable distributed arbitration," IEICE Trans. Commun. E80-B(9), 1372‒1376 (1997).
  21. R. Rojas-Cessa, E. Oki, Z. Jing, and H. J. Chao, "CIXB-1: combined input-one-cell-crosspoint buffered switch," Proc. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE/HPSR), 2001, pp. 324‒329.
  22. E. Oki, Z. Jing, R. Rojas-Cessa, and H. J. Chao, "Concurrent round-robin-based dispatching schemes for Clos-network switches," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 10(6), 830‒844 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  23. A. Bianco, M. Franceschinis, S. Ghisolfi, A. M. Hill, E. Leonardi, F. Neri, and R. Webb, "Frame-based matching algorithms for input-queued switches," Proc. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE/HPSR), 2002, pp. 69‒76.
  24. S. F. Beldianu, R. Rojas-Cessa, E. Oki, and S. G. Ziavras, "Re-configurable parallel match evaluators applied to scheduling schemes for input-queued packet switches," Proc. Conf. on Computer Communications and Networks (IEEE/ICCCN), 2009, pp. 1‒6.
  25. A. M. Rahmani, A. Afzali-Kusha, and M. Pedram, "NED: a novel synthetic traffic pattern for power/performance analysis of network-on-chips using negative exponential distribution," J. Low Power Electron. 5(3), 1‒10 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  26. A. Mekkittikul and N. McKeown, "Scheduling VOQ switches under non-uniform traffic," CSL Technical Report, CSL-TR 97-747, 1997, Stanford University.

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

A. M. Rahmani, A. Afzali-Kusha, and M. Pedram, "NED: a novel synthetic traffic pattern for power/performance analysis of network-on-chips using negative exponential distribution," J. Low Power Electron. 5(3), 1‒10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

C. Okonkwo, R. C. Almeida, R. E. Martin, and K. M. Guild, "Performance analysis of an optical packet switch with shared parametric wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 12(8), 596‒598 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M. Huang, and G. Chang, "Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4 × 112 Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals," Opt. Express 16(26), 21161‒21169 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

P. Devgan, R. Tang, V. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, "Highly efficient multichannel wavelength conversion of DPSK signals," J. Lightwave Technol. 24(10), 3677‒3682 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yamawaku, E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, T. Morioka, and K. Suzuki, "Field demonstration of up to 640 Gb/s (64 ch × 10 Gb/s) GWP switching networks with a QPM-LN wavelength converter in JGN II test bed," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 12(4), 529‒535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

M. Kaure, M. Girault, J. Leuthold, J. Honthaas, O. Pellegri, C. Goullancourt, and M. Zirngibl, "16-channel digitally tunable external-cavity laser with nanosecond switching time," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 371‒373 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, "Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103 × 10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144‒1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

E. Oki, Z. Jing, R. Rojas-Cessa, and H. J. Chao, "Concurrent round-robin-based dispatching schemes for Clos-network switches," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 10(6), 830‒844 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

E. Oki, R. Rojas-Cessa, and H. J. Chao, "A pipeline-based approach for maximal-sized matching scheduling in input-buffered switches," IEEE Commun. Lett. 5(6), 263‒265 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

J. M. H. Elmirghani and H. T. Mouftah, "All-optical wavelength conversion: technologies and applications in DWDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 86‒92 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. J. B. Yoo, and S. Dixit, "All-optical packet-switched networks: a study of contention-resolution schemes in an irregular mesh network with variable-sized packets," Proc. SPIE 4233, 235‒246 (2000).

1999 (1)

G. Xiao and Y. W. Leung, "Algorithms for allocating wavelength converters in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 7(4), 545‒557 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

E. Oki and N. Yamanaka, "A high-speed tandem-crosspoint ATM switch architecture with input and output buffers," IEICE Trans. Commun. E81-B(2), 215‒223 (1998).

1997 (1)

E. Oki and N. Yamanaka, "A high-speed ATM switch based on scalable distributed arbitration," IEICE Trans. Commun. E80-B(9), 1372‒1376 (1997).

Afzali-Kusha, A.

A. M. Rahmani, A. Afzali-Kusha, and M. Pedram, "NED: a novel synthetic traffic pattern for power/performance analysis of network-on-chips using negative exponential distribution," J. Low Power Electron. 5(3), 1‒10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, R. C.

C. Okonkwo, R. C. Almeida, R. E. Martin, and K. M. Guild, "Performance analysis of an optical packet switch with shared parametric wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 12(8), 596‒598 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, "Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103 × 10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144‒1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Beldianu, S. F.

S. F. Beldianu, R. Rojas-Cessa, E. Oki, and S. G. Ziavras, "Re-configurable parallel match evaluators applied to scheduling schemes for input-queued packet switches," Proc. Conf. on Computer Communications and Networks (IEEE/ICCCN), 2009, pp. 1‒6.

Bianco, A.

A. Bianco, M. Franceschinis, S. Ghisolfi, A. M. Hill, E. Leonardi, F. Neri, and R. Webb, "Frame-based matching algorithms for input-queued switches," Proc. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE/HPSR), 2002, pp. 69‒76.

Chang, G.

Chao, H. J.

E. Oki, Z. Jing, R. Rojas-Cessa, and H. J. Chao, "Concurrent round-robin-based dispatching schemes for Clos-network switches," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 10(6), 830‒844 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Oki, R. Rojas-Cessa, and H. J. Chao, "A pipeline-based approach for maximal-sized matching scheduling in input-buffered switches," IEEE Commun. Lett. 5(6), 263‒265 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Rojas-Cessa, E. Oki, Z. Jing, and H. J. Chao, "CIXB-1: combined input-one-cell-crosspoint buffered switch," Proc. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE/HPSR), 2001, pp. 324‒329.

Chikama, T.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, and T. Chikama, "Interband wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s (32 × 10 Gb/s) WDM signal using a polarization-insensitive fiber four-wave mixer," Proc. European Conf. on Optical Communications (IEEE/ECOC), 1998, pp. 83‒87.

Devgan, P.

Dixit, S.

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. J. B. Yoo, and S. Dixit, "All-optical packet-switched networks: a study of contention-resolution schemes in an irregular mesh network with variable-sized packets," Proc. SPIE 4233, 235‒246 (2000).

Elmirghani, J. M. H.

J. M. H. Elmirghani and H. T. Mouftah, "All-optical wavelength conversion: technologies and applications in DWDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 86‒92 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Franceschinis, M.

A. Bianco, M. Franceschinis, S. Ghisolfi, A. M. Hill, E. Leonardi, F. Neri, and R. Webb, "Frame-based matching algorithms for input-queued switches," Proc. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE/HPSR), 2002, pp. 69‒76.

Furukawa, H.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, N. Takezawa, K. Nashimoto, and T. Miyazaki, "640 (2 × 32λ × 10) Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed, wide-colored optical packet switching achieved by polarization-independent high-speed PLZT switch," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2008, paper OTuL7.

Ghisolfi, S.

A. Bianco, M. Franceschinis, S. Ghisolfi, A. M. Hill, E. Leonardi, F. Neri, and R. Webb, "Frame-based matching algorithms for input-queued switches," Proc. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE/HPSR), 2002, pp. 69‒76.

Girault, M.

M. Kaure, M. Girault, J. Leuthold, J. Honthaas, O. Pellegri, C. Goullancourt, and M. Zirngibl, "16-channel digitally tunable external-cavity laser with nanosecond switching time," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 371‒373 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goullancourt, C.

M. Kaure, M. Girault, J. Leuthold, J. Honthaas, O. Pellegri, C. Goullancourt, and M. Zirngibl, "16-channel digitally tunable external-cavity laser with nanosecond switching time," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 371‒373 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grigoryan, V.

Guild, K. M.

C. Okonkwo, R. C. Almeida, R. E. Martin, and K. M. Guild, "Performance analysis of an optical packet switch with shared parametric wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 12(8), 596‒598 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Henning, I. D.

Z. Lu, D. K. Hunter, and I. D. Henning, "Contention resolution scheme for slotted optical packet switched networks," Proc. IEEE Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (IEEE ONDM), 2005, pp. 227‒234.

Hill, A. M.

A. Bianco, M. Franceschinis, S. Ghisolfi, A. M. Hill, E. Leonardi, F. Neri, and R. Webb, "Frame-based matching algorithms for input-queued switches," Proc. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE/HPSR), 2002, pp. 69‒76.

Honthaas, J.

M. Kaure, M. Girault, J. Leuthold, J. Honthaas, O. Pellegri, C. Goullancourt, and M. Zirngibl, "16-channel digitally tunable external-cavity laser with nanosecond switching time," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 371‒373 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.

Hunter, D. K.

Z. Lu, D. K. Hunter, and I. D. Henning, "Contention resolution scheme for slotted optical packet switched networks," Proc. IEEE Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (IEEE ONDM), 2005, pp. 227‒234.

Imajuku, W.

E. Oki, D. Shimazaki, K. Shiomoto, N. Matsuura, W. Imajuku, and N. Yamanaka, "Performance of distributed-controlled dynamic wavelength-conversion GMPLS networks," Proc. Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2002, pp. 355‒358.

Jing, Z.

E. Oki, Z. Jing, R. Rojas-Cessa, and H. J. Chao, "Concurrent round-robin-based dispatching schemes for Clos-network switches," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 10(6), 830‒844 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Rojas-Cessa, E. Oki, Z. Jing, and H. J. Chao, "CIXB-1: combined input-one-cell-crosspoint buffered switch," Proc. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE/HPSR), 2001, pp. 324‒329.

Kaure, M.

M. Kaure, M. Girault, J. Leuthold, J. Honthaas, O. Pellegri, C. Goullancourt, and M. Zirngibl, "16-channel digitally tunable external-cavity laser with nanosecond switching time," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 371‒373 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kitsuwan, N.

N. Kitsuwan, R. Rojas-Cessa, M. Matsuura, and E. Oki, "Performance of optical packet switches based on parametric wavelength converters," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2(8), 558‒569 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Kitsuwan, R. Rojas-Cessa, M. Matsuura, and E. Oki, "Performance of an optical packet switch with parametric wavelength converters," Proc. Int. Conf. Communications (IEEE ICC), 2010.

Kumar, P.

Leonardi, E.

A. Bianco, M. Franceschinis, S. Ghisolfi, A. M. Hill, E. Leonardi, F. Neri, and R. Webb, "Frame-based matching algorithms for input-queued switches," Proc. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE/HPSR), 2002, pp. 69‒76.

Leung, Y. W.

G. Xiao and Y. W. Leung, "Algorithms for allocating wavelength converters in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 7(4), 545‒557 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

M. Kaure, M. Girault, J. Leuthold, J. Honthaas, O. Pellegri, C. Goullancourt, and M. Zirngibl, "16-channel digitally tunable external-cavity laser with nanosecond switching time," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 371‒373 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Z.

Z. Lu, D. K. Hunter, and I. D. Henning, "Contention resolution scheme for slotted optical packet switched networks," Proc. IEEE Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (IEEE ONDM), 2005, pp. 227‒234.

Martin, R. E.

C. Okonkwo, R. C. Almeida, R. E. Martin, and K. M. Guild, "Performance analysis of an optical packet switch with shared parametric wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 12(8), 596‒598 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Matsuura, M.

N. Kitsuwan, R. Rojas-Cessa, M. Matsuura, and E. Oki, "Performance of optical packet switches based on parametric wavelength converters," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2(8), 558‒569 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Kitsuwan, R. Rojas-Cessa, M. Matsuura, and E. Oki, "Performance of an optical packet switch with parametric wavelength converters," Proc. Int. Conf. Communications (IEEE ICC), 2010.

Matsuura, N.

E. Oki, D. Shimazaki, K. Shiomoto, N. Matsuura, W. Imajuku, and N. Yamanaka, "Performance of distributed-controlled dynamic wavelength-conversion GMPLS networks," Proc. Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2002, pp. 355‒358.

McKeown, N.

A. Mekkittikul and N. McKeown, "Scheduling VOQ switches under non-uniform traffic," CSL Technical Report, CSL-TR 97-747, 1997, Stanford University.

Mekkittikul, A.

A. Mekkittikul and N. McKeown, "Scheduling VOQ switches under non-uniform traffic," CSL Technical Report, CSL-TR 97-747, 1997, Stanford University.

Miyazaki, T.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, N. Takezawa, K. Nashimoto, and T. Miyazaki, "640 (2 × 32λ × 10) Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed, wide-colored optical packet switching achieved by polarization-independent high-speed PLZT switch," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2008, paper OTuL7.

Miyazawa, H.

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, "Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103 × 10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144‒1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Morioka, T.

J. Yamawaku, E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, T. Morioka, and K. Suzuki, "Field demonstration of up to 640 Gb/s (64 ch × 10 Gb/s) GWP switching networks with a QPM-LN wavelength converter in JGN II test bed," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 12(4), 529‒535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, "Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103 × 10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144‒1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mouftah, H. T.

J. M. H. Elmirghani and H. T. Mouftah, "All-optical wavelength conversion: technologies and applications in DWDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 86‒92 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, B.

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. J. B. Yoo, and S. Dixit, "All-optical packet-switched networks: a study of contention-resolution schemes in an irregular mesh network with variable-sized packets," Proc. SPIE 4233, 235‒246 (2000).

Nashimoto, K.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, N. Takezawa, K. Nashimoto, and T. Miyazaki, "640 (2 × 32λ × 10) Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed, wide-colored optical packet switching achieved by polarization-independent high-speed PLZT switch," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2008, paper OTuL7.

Neri, F.

A. Bianco, M. Franceschinis, S. Ghisolfi, A. M. Hill, E. Leonardi, F. Neri, and R. Webb, "Frame-based matching algorithms for input-queued switches," Proc. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE/HPSR), 2002, pp. 69‒76.

Ohara, T.

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, "Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103 × 10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144‒1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Oki, E.

N. Kitsuwan, R. Rojas-Cessa, M. Matsuura, and E. Oki, "Performance of optical packet switches based on parametric wavelength converters," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2(8), 558‒569 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Oki, Z. Jing, R. Rojas-Cessa, and H. J. Chao, "Concurrent round-robin-based dispatching schemes for Clos-network switches," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 10(6), 830‒844 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Oki, R. Rojas-Cessa, and H. J. Chao, "A pipeline-based approach for maximal-sized matching scheduling in input-buffered switches," IEEE Commun. Lett. 5(6), 263‒265 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Oki and N. Yamanaka, "A high-speed tandem-crosspoint ATM switch architecture with input and output buffers," IEICE Trans. Commun. E81-B(2), 215‒223 (1998).

E. Oki and N. Yamanaka, "A high-speed ATM switch based on scalable distributed arbitration," IEICE Trans. Commun. E80-B(9), 1372‒1376 (1997).

S. F. Beldianu, R. Rojas-Cessa, E. Oki, and S. G. Ziavras, "Re-configurable parallel match evaluators applied to scheduling schemes for input-queued packet switches," Proc. Conf. on Computer Communications and Networks (IEEE/ICCCN), 2009, pp. 1‒6.

N. Kitsuwan, R. Rojas-Cessa, M. Matsuura, and E. Oki, "Performance of an optical packet switch with parametric wavelength converters," Proc. Int. Conf. Communications (IEEE ICC), 2010.

R. Rojas-Cessa, E. Oki, Z. Jing, and H. J. Chao, "CIXB-1: combined input-one-cell-crosspoint buffered switch," Proc. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE/HPSR), 2001, pp. 324‒329.

E. Oki, D. Shimazaki, K. Shiomoto, N. Matsuura, W. Imajuku, and N. Yamanaka, "Performance of distributed-controlled dynamic wavelength-conversion GMPLS networks," Proc. Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2002, pp. 355‒358.

Okonkwo, C.

C. Okonkwo, R. C. Almeida, R. E. Martin, and K. M. Guild, "Performance analysis of an optical packet switch with shared parametric wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 12(8), 596‒598 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pedram, M.

A. M. Rahmani, A. Afzali-Kusha, and M. Pedram, "NED: a novel synthetic traffic pattern for power/performance analysis of network-on-chips using negative exponential distribution," J. Low Power Electron. 5(3), 1‒10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pellegri, O.

M. Kaure, M. Girault, J. Leuthold, J. Honthaas, O. Pellegri, C. Goullancourt, and M. Zirngibl, "16-channel digitally tunable external-cavity laser with nanosecond switching time," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 371‒373 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rahmani, A. M.

A. M. Rahmani, A. Afzali-Kusha, and M. Pedram, "NED: a novel synthetic traffic pattern for power/performance analysis of network-on-chips using negative exponential distribution," J. Low Power Electron. 5(3), 1‒10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rojas-Cessa, R.

N. Kitsuwan, R. Rojas-Cessa, M. Matsuura, and E. Oki, "Performance of optical packet switches based on parametric wavelength converters," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2(8), 558‒569 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Oki, Z. Jing, R. Rojas-Cessa, and H. J. Chao, "Concurrent round-robin-based dispatching schemes for Clos-network switches," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 10(6), 830‒844 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Oki, R. Rojas-Cessa, and H. J. Chao, "A pipeline-based approach for maximal-sized matching scheduling in input-buffered switches," IEEE Commun. Lett. 5(6), 263‒265 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Beldianu, R. Rojas-Cessa, E. Oki, and S. G. Ziavras, "Re-configurable parallel match evaluators applied to scheduling schemes for input-queued packet switches," Proc. Conf. on Computer Communications and Networks (IEEE/ICCCN), 2009, pp. 1‒6.

N. Kitsuwan, R. Rojas-Cessa, M. Matsuura, and E. Oki, "Performance of an optical packet switch with parametric wavelength converters," Proc. Int. Conf. Communications (IEEE ICC), 2010.

R. Rojas-Cessa, E. Oki, Z. Jing, and H. J. Chao, "CIXB-1: combined input-one-cell-crosspoint buffered switch," Proc. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE/HPSR), 2001, pp. 324‒329.

Rosberg, Z.

A. Zalesky, H. L. Vu, Z. Rosberg, E. W. M. Wong, and M. Zukerman, "Modeling and performance evaluation of optical burst switched networks with deflection routing and wavelength reservation," Proc. IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE INFOCOM), 2004, pp. 1864‒1871.

Sato, K.

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, "Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103 × 10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144‒1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shimazaki, D.

E. Oki, D. Shimazaki, K. Shiomoto, N. Matsuura, W. Imajuku, and N. Yamanaka, "Performance of distributed-controlled dynamic wavelength-conversion GMPLS networks," Proc. Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2002, pp. 355‒358.

Shiomoto, K.

E. Oki, D. Shimazaki, K. Shiomoto, N. Matsuura, W. Imajuku, and N. Yamanaka, "Performance of distributed-controlled dynamic wavelength-conversion GMPLS networks," Proc. Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2002, pp. 355‒358.

Simmons, J. M.

J. M. Simmons, "Analysis of wavelength conversion in all-optical express backbone networks," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibit (OFC), 2002, pp. 34‒36.

Suzuki, K.

J. Yamawaku, E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, T. Morioka, and K. Suzuki, "Field demonstration of up to 640 Gb/s (64 ch × 10 Gb/s) GWP switching networks with a QPM-LN wavelength converter in JGN II test bed," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 12(4), 529‒535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tadanaga, O.

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, "Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103 × 10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144‒1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takada, A.

J. Yamawaku, E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, T. Morioka, and K. Suzuki, "Field demonstration of up to 640 Gb/s (64 ch × 10 Gb/s) GWP switching networks with a QPM-LN wavelength converter in JGN II test bed," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 12(4), 529‒535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, "Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103 × 10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144‒1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, "Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103 × 10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144‒1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, S.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, and T. Chikama, "Interband wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s (32 × 10 Gb/s) WDM signal using a polarization-insensitive fiber four-wave mixer," Proc. European Conf. on Optical Communications (IEEE/ECOC), 1998, pp. 83‒87.

Takezawa, N.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, N. Takezawa, K. Nashimoto, and T. Miyazaki, "640 (2 × 32λ × 10) Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed, wide-colored optical packet switching achieved by polarization-independent high-speed PLZT switch," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2008, paper OTuL7.

Tang, R.

Vu, H. L.

A. Zalesky, H. L. Vu, Z. Rosberg, E. W. M. Wong, and M. Zukerman, "Modeling and performance evaluation of optical burst switched networks with deflection routing and wavelength reservation," Proc. IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE INFOCOM), 2004, pp. 1864‒1871.

Wada, N.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, N. Takezawa, K. Nashimoto, and T. Miyazaki, "640 (2 × 32λ × 10) Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed, wide-colored optical packet switching achieved by polarization-independent high-speed PLZT switch," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2008, paper OTuL7.

Watanabe, S.

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, and T. Chikama, "Interband wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s (32 × 10 Gb/s) WDM signal using a polarization-insensitive fiber four-wave mixer," Proc. European Conf. on Optical Communications (IEEE/ECOC), 1998, pp. 83‒87.

Webb, R.

A. Bianco, M. Franceschinis, S. Ghisolfi, A. M. Hill, E. Leonardi, F. Neri, and R. Webb, "Frame-based matching algorithms for input-queued switches," Proc. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE/HPSR), 2002, pp. 69‒76.

Wong, E. W. M.

A. Zalesky, H. L. Vu, Z. Rosberg, E. W. M. Wong, and M. Zukerman, "Modeling and performance evaluation of optical burst switched networks with deflection routing and wavelength reservation," Proc. IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE INFOCOM), 2004, pp. 1864‒1871.

Xiao, G.

G. Xiao and Y. W. Leung, "Algorithms for allocating wavelength converters in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 7(4), 545‒557 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, N.

E. Oki and N. Yamanaka, "A high-speed tandem-crosspoint ATM switch architecture with input and output buffers," IEICE Trans. Commun. E81-B(2), 215‒223 (1998).

E. Oki and N. Yamanaka, "A high-speed ATM switch based on scalable distributed arbitration," IEICE Trans. Commun. E80-B(9), 1372‒1376 (1997).

E. Oki, D. Shimazaki, K. Shiomoto, N. Matsuura, W. Imajuku, and N. Yamanaka, "Performance of distributed-controlled dynamic wavelength-conversion GMPLS networks," Proc. Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2002, pp. 355‒358.

Yamawaku, J.

J. Yamawaku, E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, T. Morioka, and K. Suzuki, "Field demonstration of up to 640 Gb/s (64 ch × 10 Gb/s) GWP switching networks with a QPM-LN wavelength converter in JGN II test bed," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 12(4), 529‒535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, "Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103 × 10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144‒1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, E.

J. Yamawaku, E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, T. Morioka, and K. Suzuki, "Field demonstration of up to 640 Gb/s (64 ch × 10 Gb/s) GWP switching networks with a QPM-LN wavelength converter in JGN II test bed," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 12(4), 529‒535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yao, S.

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. J. B. Yoo, and S. Dixit, "All-optical packet-switched networks: a study of contention-resolution schemes in an irregular mesh network with variable-sized packets," Proc. SPIE 4233, 235‒246 (2000).

Yoo, S. J. B.

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. J. B. Yoo, and S. Dixit, "All-optical packet-switched networks: a study of contention-resolution schemes in an irregular mesh network with variable-sized packets," Proc. SPIE 4233, 235‒246 (2000).

Yu, J.

Zalesky, A.

A. Zalesky, H. L. Vu, Z. Rosberg, E. W. M. Wong, and M. Zukerman, "Modeling and performance evaluation of optical burst switched networks with deflection routing and wavelength reservation," Proc. IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE INFOCOM), 2004, pp. 1864‒1871.

Ziavras, S. G.

S. F. Beldianu, R. Rojas-Cessa, E. Oki, and S. G. Ziavras, "Re-configurable parallel match evaluators applied to scheduling schemes for input-queued packet switches," Proc. Conf. on Computer Communications and Networks (IEEE/ICCCN), 2009, pp. 1‒6.

Zirngibl, M.

M. Kaure, M. Girault, J. Leuthold, J. Honthaas, O. Pellegri, C. Goullancourt, and M. Zirngibl, "16-channel digitally tunable external-cavity laser with nanosecond switching time," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 371‒373 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zukerman, M.

A. Zalesky, H. L. Vu, Z. Rosberg, E. W. M. Wong, and M. Zukerman, "Modeling and performance evaluation of optical burst switched networks with deflection routing and wavelength reservation," Proc. IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE INFOCOM), 2004, pp. 1864‒1871.

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, "Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103 × 10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide," Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144‒1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Lett. (2)

E. Oki, R. Rojas-Cessa, and H. J. Chao, "A pipeline-based approach for maximal-sized matching scheduling in input-buffered switches," IEEE Commun. Lett. 5(6), 263‒265 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Okonkwo, R. C. Almeida, R. E. Martin, and K. M. Guild, "Performance analysis of an optical packet switch with shared parametric wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 12(8), 596‒598 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

J. M. H. Elmirghani and H. T. Mouftah, "All-optical wavelength conversion: technologies and applications in DWDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 86‒92 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. (1)

J. Yamawaku, E. Yamazaki, A. Takada, T. Morioka, and K. Suzuki, "Field demonstration of up to 640 Gb/s (64 ch × 10 Gb/s) GWP switching networks with a QPM-LN wavelength converter in JGN II test bed," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 12(4), 529‒535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Kaure, M. Girault, J. Leuthold, J. Honthaas, O. Pellegri, C. Goullancourt, and M. Zirngibl, "16-channel digitally tunable external-cavity laser with nanosecond switching time," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(3), 371‒373 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (2)

E. Oki, Z. Jing, R. Rojas-Cessa, and H. J. Chao, "Concurrent round-robin-based dispatching schemes for Clos-network switches," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 10(6), 830‒844 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Xiao and Y. W. Leung, "Algorithms for allocating wavelength converters in all-optical networks," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 7(4), 545‒557 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Commun. (2)

E. Oki and N. Yamanaka, "A high-speed tandem-crosspoint ATM switch architecture with input and output buffers," IEICE Trans. Commun. E81-B(2), 215‒223 (1998).

E. Oki and N. Yamanaka, "A high-speed ATM switch based on scalable distributed arbitration," IEICE Trans. Commun. E80-B(9), 1372‒1376 (1997).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Low Power Electron. (1)

A. M. Rahmani, A. Afzali-Kusha, and M. Pedram, "NED: a novel synthetic traffic pattern for power/performance analysis of network-on-chips using negative exponential distribution," J. Low Power Electron. 5(3), 1‒10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee, S. J. B. Yoo, and S. Dixit, "All-optical packet-switched networks: a study of contention-resolution schemes in an irregular mesh network with variable-sized packets," Proc. SPIE 4233, 235‒246 (2000).

Other (11)

S. Watanabe, S. Takeda, and T. Chikama, "Interband wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s (32 × 10 Gb/s) WDM signal using a polarization-insensitive fiber four-wave mixer," Proc. European Conf. on Optical Communications (IEEE/ECOC), 1998, pp. 83‒87.

A. Bianco, M. Franceschinis, S. Ghisolfi, A. M. Hill, E. Leonardi, F. Neri, and R. Webb, "Frame-based matching algorithms for input-queued switches," Proc. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE/HPSR), 2002, pp. 69‒76.

S. F. Beldianu, R. Rojas-Cessa, E. Oki, and S. G. Ziavras, "Re-configurable parallel match evaluators applied to scheduling schemes for input-queued packet switches," Proc. Conf. on Computer Communications and Networks (IEEE/ICCCN), 2009, pp. 1‒6.

R. Rojas-Cessa, E. Oki, Z. Jing, and H. J. Chao, "CIXB-1: combined input-one-cell-crosspoint buffered switch," Proc. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE/HPSR), 2001, pp. 324‒329.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, N. Takezawa, K. Nashimoto, and T. Miyazaki, "640 (2 × 32λ × 10) Gbit/s polarization-multiplexed, wide-colored optical packet switching achieved by polarization-independent high-speed PLZT switch," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2008, paper OTuL7.

E. Oki, D. Shimazaki, K. Shiomoto, N. Matsuura, W. Imajuku, and N. Yamanaka, "Performance of distributed-controlled dynamic wavelength-conversion GMPLS networks," Proc. Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2002, pp. 355‒358.

Z. Lu, D. K. Hunter, and I. D. Henning, "Contention resolution scheme for slotted optical packet switched networks," Proc. IEEE Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (IEEE ONDM), 2005, pp. 227‒234.

A. Zalesky, H. L. Vu, Z. Rosberg, E. W. M. Wong, and M. Zukerman, "Modeling and performance evaluation of optical burst switched networks with deflection routing and wavelength reservation," Proc. IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE INFOCOM), 2004, pp. 1864‒1871.

J. M. Simmons, "Analysis of wavelength conversion in all-optical express backbone networks," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exhibit (OFC), 2002, pp. 34‒36.

A. Mekkittikul and N. McKeown, "Scheduling VOQ switches under non-uniform traffic," CSL Technical Report, CSL-TR 97-747, 1997, Stanford University.

N. Kitsuwan, R. Rojas-Cessa, M. Matsuura, and E. Oki, "Performance of an optical packet switch with parametric wavelength converters," Proc. Int. Conf. Communications (IEEE ICC), 2010.

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SPA switch.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Different pump wavelengths and their wavelength conversion pairs in PWCs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

DPS switch.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Examples of the pump wavelength generator.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

An example process of the matching algorithm for a DPS switch.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Packet loss rate of the SPA switch and the DPS switch ( N = 16 , W = 32 , and M = 3 ).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Packet loss rate of the SPA switch and the DPS switch for different numbers of PWCs ( N = 16 and W = 32 ).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Packet loss rate of the SPA switch and the DPS switch for different numbers of transmission wavelengths ( M = 5 and ρ = 0 . 3 ).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Packet loss rate of the SPA switch and the DPS switch for different numbers of transmission wavelengths ( W = 32 , M = 5 , and ρ = 0 . 5 ).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Packet loss rate of the SPA switch and the DPS switch with nonuniform traffic ( N = 16 , W = 32 , M = 3 , and ρ = 0 . 3 ).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Packet loss rate of the SPA switch with VR policy and the DPS switch with power of two traffic ( N = 16 , W = 32 , M = 3 , and ρ = 0 . 3 ).

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Packet loss rate of the SPA switch and the DPS switch with diagonal traffic ( N = 16 , W = 32 , M = 3 , and ρ = 0 . 3 ).

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Packet loss rate of the SPA switch and the DPS switch with hotspot traffic ( N = 16 , W = 32 , M = 3 , and ρ = 0 . 3 ).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table I Index Pump Wavelength of Each R C ( i , w , j , w ) for the Decision of P W C 1

Tables Icon

Table II Index Pump Wavelength of Each R C ( i , w , j , w ) for the Decision of P W C 2

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

λ p m = λ w + λ w 2 .
( C P W C + C L D ) × M S P A > ( C P W C + C T L D ) × M D P S ,
C P W C + C L D C P W C + C T L D > M D P S M S P A .
p m = arg max p m C p m .
ρ i , j = ρ α + 1 α N if  i = j ρ 1 α N otherwise .
ρ i , j = ρ 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 N 1 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 1 2 1 1 2 N 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 N 1 .
ρ i , j = d ρ if  i = j ( 1 d ) ρ if  j = i + 1  MOD  N 0 otherwise .
ρ i , j = ρ d 1 d 0 0 0 d 1 d 0 1 d 0 0 d .
ρ i , j = h ρ if  j  is the specific output fiber 1 h ρ N 1 otherwise .