Abstract

A scheme to implement the full-duplex radio-over-fiber (RoF) link by quadrupling the frequency of the electrical RF carrier without a lightwave source at the remote base station (RBS) is proposed. Not only does the scheme reduce the complexity of the RBS and its frequency requirement for the devices, but the generated optical millimeter-wave (mm-wave) signal also has good transmission performance because both the fading effect and the bit walk-off effect caused by fiber dispersion are avoided. A 5 Gbit/s full duplex RoF simulation link with a 40 GHz optical mm-wave signal is built. It shows that the eye diagrams of both the uplink and downlink signals remain open and clear even after the signals are transmitted over 60 km standard single-mode fibers. The simulation results agree well with our theoretical prediction.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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  1. J. J. V. Olmos, T. Kuri, and K. Kitayama, "Dynamic reconfigurable WDM 60-GHz millimeter-waveband radio-over-fiber access network: architectural considerations and experiment," J. Lightwave Technol. 25(11), 3374‒3380 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Lim, T. A. Nirmalathas, M. Bakaul, P. Gamage, K.-L. Lee, Y. Yang, and R. Waterhouse, "Fiber-wireless networks and subsystem technologies," J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 390‒405 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265‒267 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN–MZM intensity modulation," J. Lightwave Technol. 25(11), 3244‒3256 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(7), 478‒480 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4876‒4881 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Lu, Z. Dong, L. Chen, J. Yu, and S. Wen, "High-repetitive frequency millimeter-wave signal generation using multi-cascaded external modulators based on carrier suppression technique," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4889‒4892 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. J. O’Reilly and P. Lane, "Remote delivery of video services using mm-waves and optics," J. Lightwave Technol. 12(2), 369‒375 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Chi and J. Yao, "Frequency quadrupling and upconversion in a radio over fiber link," J. Lightwave Technol. 26(15), 2706‒2711 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Xu, C. Li, C. W. Chow, and H. K. Tsang, "Optical mm-wave signal generation by frequency quadrupling using an optical modulator and a silicon microresonator filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(4), 209‒211 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W.-J. Jiang, J. Chen, H.-S. Huang, Y.-H. Chen, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, "WDM up-conversion employing frequency quadrupling in optical modulator," Opt. Express 17(3), 1726‒1733 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Mohamed, X. Zhang, B. Hraimel, and K. Wu, "Analysis of frequency quadrupling using a single Mach–Zehnder modulator for millimeter-wave generation and distribution over fiber systems," Opt. Express 16(14), 10786‒10802 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. Chen, T. Wang, and S. Xie, "Photonic generation of a millimeter-wave signal based on sextuple-frequency multiplication," Opt. Lett. 32(9), 1020‒1022 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "Optical millimeter-wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator," J. Opt. Netw. 7(10), 837‒845 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. J. O’Reilly and P. M. Lane, "Fibre-supported optical generation and delivery of 60 GHz signals," Electron. Lett. 30(16), 1329‒1330 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H.-C. Ji, H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, "Full-duplex radio-over-fiber system using phase-modulated downlink and intensity-modulated uplink," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(1), 9‒11 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, and L. Rao, "A novel scheme to implement duplex 60-GHz radio-over-fiber link with 20-GHz double-sideband optical millimeter-wave transmitted along the fiber," Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(2), 125‒130 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140‒142 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (4)

L. Xu, C. Li, C. W. Chow, and H. K. Tsang, "Optical mm-wave signal generation by frequency quadrupling using an optical modulator and a silicon microresonator filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(4), 209‒211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W.-J. Jiang, J. Chen, H.-S. Huang, Y.-H. Chen, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, "WDM up-conversion employing frequency quadrupling in optical modulator," Opt. Express 17(3), 1726‒1733 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H.-C. Ji, H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, "Full-duplex radio-over-fiber system using phase-modulated downlink and intensity-modulated uplink," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(1), 9‒11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, and L. Rao, "A novel scheme to implement duplex 60-GHz radio-over-fiber link with 20-GHz double-sideband optical millimeter-wave transmitted along the fiber," Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(2), 125‒130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (6)

J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "Optical millimeter-wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator," J. Opt. Netw. 7(10), 837‒845 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Mohamed, X. Zhang, B. Hraimel, and K. Wu, "Analysis of frequency quadrupling using a single Mach–Zehnder modulator for millimeter-wave generation and distribution over fiber systems," Opt. Express 16(14), 10786‒10802 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(7), 478‒480 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4876‒4881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, Z. Dong, L. Chen, J. Yu, and S. Wen, "High-repetitive frequency millimeter-wave signal generation using multi-cascaded external modulators based on carrier suppression technique," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4889‒4892 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Chi and J. Yao, "Frequency quadrupling and upconversion in a radio over fiber link," J. Lightwave Technol. 26(15), 2706‒2711 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

2006 (1)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265‒267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

J. J. O’Reilly and P. Lane, "Remote delivery of video services using mm-waves and optics," J. Lightwave Technol. 12(2), 369‒375 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. J. O’Reilly and P. M. Lane, "Fibre-supported optical generation and delivery of 60 GHz signals," Electron. Lett. 30(16), 1329‒1330 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bakaul, M.

Chang, G. K.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265‒267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.-K.

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(7), 478‒480 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140‒142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Chen, J.

Chen, L.

J. Lu, Z. Dong, L. Chen, J. Yu, and S. Wen, "High-repetitive frequency millimeter-wave signal generation using multi-cascaded external modulators based on carrier suppression technique," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4889‒4892 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN–MZM intensity modulation," J. Lightwave Technol. 25(11), 3244‒3256 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M.

Chen, Y.-H.

Chi, H.

Chi, S.

Chow, C. W.

L. Xu, C. Li, C. W. Chow, and H. K. Tsang, "Optical mm-wave signal generation by frequency quadrupling using an optical modulator and a silicon microresonator filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(4), 209‒211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

H.-C. Ji, H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, "Full-duplex radio-over-fiber system using phase-modulated downlink and intensity-modulated uplink," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(1), 9‒11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Z.

J. Lu, Z. Dong, L. Chen, J. Yu, and S. Wen, "High-repetitive frequency millimeter-wave signal generation using multi-cascaded external modulators based on carrier suppression technique," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4889‒4892 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gamage, P.

Hraimel, B.

Huang, H.

J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "Optical millimeter-wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator," J. Opt. Netw. 7(10), 837‒845 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4876‒4881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H.-S.

Huang, M. F.

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(7), 478‒480 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ji, H.-C.

H.-C. Ji, H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, "Full-duplex radio-over-fiber system using phase-modulated downlink and intensity-modulated uplink," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(1), 9‒11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(7), 478‒480 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140‒142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265‒267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W.-J.

Kim, H.

H.-C. Ji, H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, "Full-duplex radio-over-fiber system using phase-modulated downlink and intensity-modulated uplink," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(1), 9‒11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

Kuri, T.

Lane, P.

J. J. O’Reilly and P. Lane, "Remote delivery of video services using mm-waves and optics," J. Lightwave Technol. 12(2), 369‒375 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lane, P. M.

J. J. O’Reilly and P. M. Lane, "Fibre-supported optical generation and delivery of 60 GHz signals," Electron. Lett. 30(16), 1329‒1330 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.-L.

Li, C.

L. Xu, C. Li, C. W. Chow, and H. K. Tsang, "Optical mm-wave signal generation by frequency quadrupling using an optical modulator and a silicon microresonator filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(4), 209‒211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lim, C.

Lin, C.-T.

Lu, J.

J. Lu, Z. Dong, L. Chen, J. Yu, and S. Wen, "High-repetitive frequency millimeter-wave signal generation using multi-cascaded external modulators based on carrier suppression technique," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4889‒4892 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J.

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, and L. Rao, "A novel scheme to implement duplex 60-GHz radio-over-fiber link with 20-GHz double-sideband optical millimeter-wave transmitted along the fiber," Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(2), 125‒130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4876‒4881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "Optical millimeter-wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator," J. Opt. Netw. 7(10), 837‒845 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN–MZM intensity modulation," J. Lightwave Technol. 25(11), 3244‒3256 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mohamed, M.

Nirmalathas, T. A.

O’Reilly, J. J.

J. J. O’Reilly and P. Lane, "Remote delivery of video services using mm-waves and optics," J. Lightwave Technol. 12(2), 369‒375 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. J. O’Reilly and P. M. Lane, "Fibre-supported optical generation and delivery of 60 GHz signals," Electron. Lett. 30(16), 1329‒1330 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Olmos, J. J. V.

Peng, P.-C.

Rao, L.

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, and L. Rao, "A novel scheme to implement duplex 60-GHz radio-over-fiber link with 20-GHz double-sideband optical millimeter-wave transmitted along the fiber," Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(2), 125‒130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "Optical millimeter-wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator," J. Opt. Netw. 7(10), 837‒845 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4876‒4881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shih, P.-T.

Su, Y.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265‒267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, H. K.

L. Xu, C. Li, C. W. Chow, and H. K. Tsang, "Optical mm-wave signal generation by frequency quadrupling using an optical modulator and a silicon microresonator filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(4), 209‒211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K.

Wang, T.

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(7), 478‒480 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. Chen, T. Wang, and S. Xie, "Photonic generation of a millimeter-wave signal based on sextuple-frequency multiplication," Opt. Lett. 32(9), 1020‒1022 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140‒142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265‒267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Waterhouse, R.

Wen, S.

J. Lu, Z. Dong, L. Chen, J. Yu, and S. Wen, "High-repetitive frequency millimeter-wave signal generation using multi-cascaded external modulators based on carrier suppression technique," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4889‒4892 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, K.

Xie, S.

Xin, X.

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, and L. Rao, "A novel scheme to implement duplex 60-GHz radio-over-fiber link with 20-GHz double-sideband optical millimeter-wave transmitted along the fiber," Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(2), 125‒130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "Optical millimeter-wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator," J. Opt. Netw. 7(10), 837‒845 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4876‒4881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN–MZM intensity modulation," J. Lightwave Technol. 25(11), 3244‒3256 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

L. Xu, C. Li, C. W. Chow, and H. K. Tsang, "Optical mm-wave signal generation by frequency quadrupling using an optical modulator and a silicon microresonator filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(4), 209‒211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

Yao, J.

Yi, L.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265‒267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, and L. Rao, "A novel scheme to implement duplex 60-GHz radio-over-fiber link with 20-GHz double-sideband optical millimeter-wave transmitted along the fiber," Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(2), 125‒130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4876‒4881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "Optical millimeter-wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator," J. Opt. Netw. 7(10), 837‒845 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN–MZM intensity modulation," J. Lightwave Technol. 25(11), 3244‒3256 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, and L. Rao, "A novel scheme to implement duplex 60-GHz radio-over-fiber link with 20-GHz double-sideband optical millimeter-wave transmitted along the fiber," Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(2), 125‒130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(7), 478‒480 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4876‒4881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, X. Xin, J. Yu, C. Yu, K. Wang, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "Optical millimeter-wave generated by octupling the frequency of the local oscillator," J. Opt. Netw. 7(10), 837‒845 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, Z. Dong, L. Chen, J. Yu, and S. Wen, "High-repetitive frequency millimeter-wave signal generation using multi-cascaded external modulators based on carrier suppression technique," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4889‒4892 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN–MZM intensity modulation," J. Lightwave Technol. 25(11), 3244‒3256 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140‒142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265‒267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, J.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, X.

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. J. O’Reilly and P. M. Lane, "Fibre-supported optical generation and delivery of 60 GHz signals," Electron. Lett. 30(16), 1329‒1330 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

H.-C. Ji, H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, "Full-duplex radio-over-fiber system using phase-modulated downlink and intensity-modulated uplink," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(1), 9‒11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140‒142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, C. Li, C. W. Chow, and H. K. Tsang, "Optical mm-wave signal generation by frequency quadrupling using an optical modulator and a silicon microresonator filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(4), 209‒211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265‒267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G.-K. Chang, "A novel scheme to generate single-sideband millimeter-wave signals by using low-frequency local oscillator signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(7), 478‒480 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. Ma, J. Yu, X. Xin, C. Yu, H. Huang, and L. Rao, "The transmission performance of the single sideband optical millimeter-wave with BPSK signal in the duplex radio-over-fiber link," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4876‒4881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, Z. Dong, L. Chen, J. Yu, and S. Wen, "High-repetitive frequency millimeter-wave signal generation using multi-cascaded external modulators based on carrier suppression technique," Opt. Commun. 281(19), 4889‒4892 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, and L. Rao, "A novel scheme to implement duplex 60-GHz radio-over-fiber link with 20-GHz double-sideband optical millimeter-wave transmitted along the fiber," Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(2), 125‒130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Concept of the proposed full-duplex RoF link. LD, laser diode; MZM, Mach–Zehnder modulator; PC, polarization controller; FBG, fiber Bragg grating; OC, optical circular; MOD, optical modulator; MZI, Mach–Zehnder interferometer; EA, electrical amplifier; LPF, low-pass filter; LO, local oscillator; TOF, tunable optical filter; SSMF, standard single-mode fiber; PD, photodiode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diagram of the proposed full-duplex RoF link along with the simulated optical spectra and RF spectra in the back-to-back case.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The baseband eye diagrams of the 5 Gbit/s downlink mm-wave signal coherently demodulated from the 40 GHz photocurrent at (i) back-to-back and after being transmitted over (ii) 20 km, (iii) 40 km, and (iv) 60 km SSMFs, and (v) BER versus fiber length.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The baseband signal eye diagrams of the 5 Gbit/s uplink baseband signal at (i) back-to-back and after being transmitted over (ii) 20 km, (iii) 40 km, and (iv) 60 km SSMFs, and (v) BER versus fiber length.

Equations (8)

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E 1 ( t ) = 1 2 α E 0 exp j ω c t exp j π V R F sin π f D t / 2 V π + exp j π V R F sin π f D t / 2 V π = α E 0 exp j ω c t cos m h sin π f D t / 2 = α E 0 exp j ω c t n = + J 2 n m h exp n π f D t / 2 α E 0 J 0 m h exp j ω c t + J 2 m h exp j ω c + π f D t + exp j ω c π f D t + .
E 2 ( t ) = α E 0 J 2 m h exp j ω c π f D t + J 0 m h exp j ω c t + η A t J 2 m h exp j ω c + π f D t = α E 0 J 0 m h exp j ω c t + α E 0 J 2 m h exp j ω c π f D t + η A ( t ) exp j ω c + π f D t .
E 2 z , t = α E 0 exp κ z 2 J 0 m h exp j ω c t β ω c z + J 2 m h exp j ω c π f D t β ω c π f D z + η A t β ω c + π f D ω c + π f D z J 2 m h exp j ω c + π f D t β ω c + π f D z + δ .
E M M W z , t = α E 0 exp κ z 2 J 2 m h exp j ω c π f D t β ω c π f D z + η A t β ω c + π f D ω c + π f D z exp j ω c + π f D t β ω c + π f D z + δ ,
E O C z , t = α E 0 exp κ z 2 J 0 m h exp j ω c t β ω c z .
I ( t ) = μ E M M W z , t 2 = μ α 2 E 0 2 exp ( κ z ) J 2 2 ( m h ) 1 + η 2 A t β ω c + π f D ω c + π f D z 2 + η A t β ω c + π f D ω c + π f D z exp j 2 π f D t + β ω c π f D z β ω c + π f D z + δ + exp j 2 π f D t + β ω c π f D z β ω c + π f D z + δ = μ α 2 E 0 2 exp κ z J 2 2 m h 1 + η 2 A t β ω c + π f D ω c + π f D z 2 + 2 η A t β ω c + π f D ω c + π f D z cos 2 π f D t 2 π f D β ω c z + δ .
β ω c π f D β ω c + π f D 2 π f D β ω c .
I @ f D ( t ) A t β ω c + π f D ω c + π f D z cos 2 π f D t 2 π f D β ω c z + δ ,