Abstract

A connection spanning, for example, several countries crosses multiple optical backbone networks, each one controlled by different administrators or operators. In this context, the interworking of these networks is thus necessary to set up end-to-end optical connections. A key issue when delivering such optical services is the use of efficient and fast restoration strategies to recover a connection disruption. To this end, there are several issues and policies that a network operator should address, such as interdomain failure information exchange and the point of repair (PoR) placement problem. Upon a failure’s occurrence, exchanging interdomain failure information results is essential to attain both an efficient use of the network resources (i.e., wavelength channels) and a fast restoration time. In this regard, within the GMPLS (Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching) framework, interdomain information exchange remains unstandardized. Three network operator policies are proposed to yield different restoration mechanisms according to different interdomain failure exchanges. Additionally, three PoR strategies are pointed out and are qualitatively compared. Finally, selected policies and restoration strategies are experimentally validated and compared in terms of the restoration time. Experiments have been carried out over a multidomain optical network infrastructure connecting the GMPLS-based control planes of the UPC CARISMA and the CTTC ADRENALINE test beds.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. ITU-T Recommendation G.8080/Y.1304, “Architecture for the automatically switched optical network (ASON),” ITU-Telecommunication Standardization Sector, Nov. 2001, and Amendment 1, Mar. 2003, http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/recommendations/index.aspx?ser=G.
  2. E. Mannie, ed., ““Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) architecture,” IETF Network Working Group RFC-3945, Oct. 2004, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3945.txt.
  3. L. Berger, ed., “Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) Signaling Resource Reservation Protocol-traffic engineering (RSVP-TE) extensions,” IETF Network Working Group RFC-3473, Jan. 2003, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3473.txt.
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  5. J. Lang, ed., “Link Management Protocol (LMP),” IETF Network Working Group RFC-4204, Oct. 2005, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4204.txt.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Troung, B. Jaumard, “Using topology aggregation for efficient shared segment protection solutions in multi-domain networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 96–107, Dec. 2007.
  14. J. Szigeti, R. Romeral, T. Cinkler, D. Larrabeiti, “p-Cycle protection in multidomain optical networks,” Photonic Netw. Commun., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 35–47, Feb. 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Huang, J. Copeland, “Multi-domain mesh optical network protection using Hamiltonian cycles,” in HPSR 2002. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing. Merging Optical and IP Technologies, Kobe, Japan, 2002, pp. 26–29.
  16. L. Guo, X. Wang, J. Cao, W. Hou, J. Wu, Y. Li, “Local and global Hamiltonian cycle protection algorithm based on abstracted virtual topology in fault-tolerant multi-domain optical networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 851–859, Mar. 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. Y. Lee, A. Farrel, S. De Cnodder, “Exclude routes—extension to Resource Reservation Protocol-traffic engineering (RSVP-TE),” IETF Network Working Group RFC-4874, Apr. 2007, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4874.txt.
  18. JDSU, http://www.jdsu.com.
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  20. F. Zhang, Y. Lee, J. Han, G. Bernstein, “OSPF extensions in support of routing and wavelength assignment (RWA) in wavelength switched optical networks (WSONs),” IETF Network Work Group Internet draft, Mar. 5, 2010 (expires Sept. 4, 2010), http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-zhang-ccamp-rwa-wson-routing-ospf-03.
  21. R. Muñoz, R. Martínez, R. Casellas, “Challenges for GMPLS lightpath provisioning in transparent optical networks: wavelength constraints in routing and signaling,” IEEE Commun. Mag, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 26–34, Aug. 2009.
  22. F. Agraz, L. Velasco, J. Perelló, M. Ruiz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “Design and implementation of a GMPLS-controlled grooming-capable optical transport network,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. A258–A269, July 2009.
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

L. Guo, X. Wang, J. Cao, W. Hou, J. Wu, Y. Li, “Local and global Hamiltonian cycle protection algorithm based on abstracted virtual topology in fault-tolerant multi-domain optical networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 851–859, Mar. 2010.
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

R. Muñoz, R. Martínez, R. Casellas, “Challenges for GMPLS lightpath provisioning in transparent optical networks: wavelength constraints in routing and signaling,” IEEE Commun. Mag, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 26–34, Aug. 2009.

F. Agraz, L. Velasco, J. Perelló, M. Ruiz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “Design and implementation of a GMPLS-controlled grooming-capable optical transport network,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. A258–A269, July 2009.
[CrossRef]

L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, J. Comellas, G. Junyent, “Shared-path protection with extra traffic in ASON-GMPLS ring networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 130–145, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

J. Szigeti, R. Romeral, T. Cinkler, D. Larrabeiti, “p-Cycle protection in multidomain optical networks,” Photonic Netw. Commun., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 35–47, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, J. Comellas, G. Junyent, “Introducing OMS protection in GMPLS-based optical ring networks,” Comp. Netw., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 1975–1987, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

L. Guo, “LSSP: a novel local segment-shared protection for multi-domain optical mesh networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 1794–1801, June 2007.
[CrossRef]

D. Troung, B. Jaumard, “Using topology aggregation for efficient shared segment protection solutions in multi-domain networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 96–107, Dec. 2007.

Agraz, F.

F. Agraz, L. Velasco, J. Perelló, M. Ruiz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “Design and implementation of a GMPLS-controlled grooming-capable optical transport network,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. A258–A269, July 2009.
[CrossRef]

J. Perelló, L. Velasco, F. Agraz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “A comparison of in-fiber and out-of-fiber GMPLS-based control plane configurations: benefits, drawbacks and solutions,” in 10th Anniversary Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks 2008. ICTON 2008, Athens, 2008, vol. 3, pp. 101–104.

Bernstein, G.

F. Zhang, Y. Lee, J. Han, G. Bernstein, “OSPF extensions in support of routing and wavelength assignment (RWA) in wavelength switched optical networks (WSONs),” IETF Network Work Group Internet draft, Mar. 5, 2010 (expires Sept. 4, 2010), http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-zhang-ccamp-rwa-wson-routing-ospf-03.

Cao, J.

L. Guo, X. Wang, J. Cao, W. Hou, J. Wu, Y. Li, “Local and global Hamiltonian cycle protection algorithm based on abstracted virtual topology in fault-tolerant multi-domain optical networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 851–859, Mar. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Casellas, R.

R. Muñoz, R. Martínez, R. Casellas, “Challenges for GMPLS lightpath provisioning in transparent optical networks: wavelength constraints in routing and signaling,” IEEE Commun. Mag, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 26–34, Aug. 2009.

Cinkler, T.

J. Szigeti, R. Romeral, T. Cinkler, D. Larrabeiti, “p-Cycle protection in multidomain optical networks,” Photonic Netw. Commun., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 35–47, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Comellas, J.

L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, J. Comellas, G. Junyent, “Shared-path protection with extra traffic in ASON-GMPLS ring networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 130–145, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

F. Agraz, L. Velasco, J. Perelló, M. Ruiz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “Design and implementation of a GMPLS-controlled grooming-capable optical transport network,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. A258–A269, July 2009.
[CrossRef]

L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, J. Comellas, G. Junyent, “Introducing OMS protection in GMPLS-based optical ring networks,” Comp. Netw., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 1975–1987, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

J. Perelló, L. Velasco, F. Agraz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “A comparison of in-fiber and out-of-fiber GMPLS-based control plane configurations: benefits, drawbacks and solutions,” in 10th Anniversary Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks 2008. ICTON 2008, Athens, 2008, vol. 3, pp. 101–104.

Copeland, J.

H. Huang, J. Copeland, “Multi-domain mesh optical network protection using Hamiltonian cycles,” in HPSR 2002. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing. Merging Optical and IP Technologies, Kobe, Japan, 2002, pp. 26–29.

De Cnodder, S.

C. Y. Lee, A. Farrel, S. De Cnodder, “Exclude routes—extension to Resource Reservation Protocol-traffic engineering (RSVP-TE),” IETF Network Working Group RFC-4874, Apr. 2007, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4874.txt.

Farrel, A.

C. Y. Lee, A. Farrel, S. De Cnodder, “Exclude routes—extension to Resource Reservation Protocol-traffic engineering (RSVP-TE),” IETF Network Working Group RFC-4874, Apr. 2007, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4874.txt.

Grover, W. D.

W. D. Grover, Mesh-Based Survivable Networks,” Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2004.

Guo, L.

L. Guo, X. Wang, J. Cao, W. Hou, J. Wu, Y. Li, “Local and global Hamiltonian cycle protection algorithm based on abstracted virtual topology in fault-tolerant multi-domain optical networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 851–859, Mar. 2010.
[CrossRef]

L. Guo, “LSSP: a novel local segment-shared protection for multi-domain optical mesh networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 1794–1801, June 2007.
[CrossRef]

Han, J.

F. Zhang, Y. Lee, J. Han, G. Bernstein, “OSPF extensions in support of routing and wavelength assignment (RWA) in wavelength switched optical networks (WSONs),” IETF Network Work Group Internet draft, Mar. 5, 2010 (expires Sept. 4, 2010), http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-zhang-ccamp-rwa-wson-routing-ospf-03.

Hou, W.

L. Guo, X. Wang, J. Cao, W. Hou, J. Wu, Y. Li, “Local and global Hamiltonian cycle protection algorithm based on abstracted virtual topology in fault-tolerant multi-domain optical networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 851–859, Mar. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Huang, H.

H. Huang, J. Copeland, “Multi-domain mesh optical network protection using Hamiltonian cycles,” in HPSR 2002. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing. Merging Optical and IP Technologies, Kobe, Japan, 2002, pp. 26–29.

Jaumard, B.

D. Troung, B. Jaumard, “Using topology aggregation for efficient shared segment protection solutions in multi-domain networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 96–107, Dec. 2007.

Junyent, G.

L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, J. Comellas, G. Junyent, “Shared-path protection with extra traffic in ASON-GMPLS ring networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 130–145, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

F. Agraz, L. Velasco, J. Perelló, M. Ruiz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “Design and implementation of a GMPLS-controlled grooming-capable optical transport network,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. A258–A269, July 2009.
[CrossRef]

L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, J. Comellas, G. Junyent, “Introducing OMS protection in GMPLS-based optical ring networks,” Comp. Netw., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 1975–1987, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

J. Perelló, L. Velasco, F. Agraz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “A comparison of in-fiber and out-of-fiber GMPLS-based control plane configurations: benefits, drawbacks and solutions,” in 10th Anniversary Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks 2008. ICTON 2008, Athens, 2008, vol. 3, pp. 101–104.

Lang, J. P.

J. P. Lang, Y. Rekhter, D. Papadimitriou, “RSVP-TE extensions in support of end-to-end Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) recovery,” IETF Network Working Group RFC-4872, May 2007, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4872.txt.

Larrabeiti, D.

J. Szigeti, R. Romeral, T. Cinkler, D. Larrabeiti, “p-Cycle protection in multidomain optical networks,” Photonic Netw. Commun., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 35–47, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. Y.

C. Y. Lee, A. Farrel, S. De Cnodder, “Exclude routes—extension to Resource Reservation Protocol-traffic engineering (RSVP-TE),” IETF Network Working Group RFC-4874, Apr. 2007, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4874.txt.

Lee, Y.

F. Zhang, Y. Lee, J. Han, G. Bernstein, “OSPF extensions in support of routing and wavelength assignment (RWA) in wavelength switched optical networks (WSONs),” IETF Network Work Group Internet draft, Mar. 5, 2010 (expires Sept. 4, 2010), http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-zhang-ccamp-rwa-wson-routing-ospf-03.

Li, Y.

L. Guo, X. Wang, J. Cao, W. Hou, J. Wu, Y. Li, “Local and global Hamiltonian cycle protection algorithm based on abstracted virtual topology in fault-tolerant multi-domain optical networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 851–859, Mar. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Martínez, R.

R. Muñoz, R. Martínez, R. Casellas, “Challenges for GMPLS lightpath provisioning in transparent optical networks: wavelength constraints in routing and signaling,” IEEE Commun. Mag, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 26–34, Aug. 2009.

Muñoz, R.

R. Muñoz, R. Martínez, R. Casellas, “Challenges for GMPLS lightpath provisioning in transparent optical networks: wavelength constraints in routing and signaling,” IEEE Commun. Mag, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 26–34, Aug. 2009.

Papadimitriou, D.

J. P. Lang, Y. Rekhter, D. Papadimitriou, “RSVP-TE extensions in support of end-to-end Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) recovery,” IETF Network Working Group RFC-4872, May 2007, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4872.txt.

Perelló, J.

F. Agraz, L. Velasco, J. Perelló, M. Ruiz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “Design and implementation of a GMPLS-controlled grooming-capable optical transport network,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. A258–A269, July 2009.
[CrossRef]

J. Perelló, L. Velasco, F. Agraz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “A comparison of in-fiber and out-of-fiber GMPLS-based control plane configurations: benefits, drawbacks and solutions,” in 10th Anniversary Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks 2008. ICTON 2008, Athens, 2008, vol. 3, pp. 101–104.

Rekhter, Y.

J. P. Lang, Y. Rekhter, D. Papadimitriou, “RSVP-TE extensions in support of end-to-end Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) recovery,” IETF Network Working Group RFC-4872, May 2007, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4872.txt.

Romeral, R.

J. Szigeti, R. Romeral, T. Cinkler, D. Larrabeiti, “p-Cycle protection in multidomain optical networks,” Photonic Netw. Commun., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 35–47, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Ruiz, M.

F. Agraz, L. Velasco, J. Perelló, M. Ruiz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “Design and implementation of a GMPLS-controlled grooming-capable optical transport network,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. A258–A269, July 2009.
[CrossRef]

Spadaro, S.

F. Agraz, L. Velasco, J. Perelló, M. Ruiz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “Design and implementation of a GMPLS-controlled grooming-capable optical transport network,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. A258–A269, July 2009.
[CrossRef]

L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, J. Comellas, G. Junyent, “Shared-path protection with extra traffic in ASON-GMPLS ring networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 130–145, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, J. Comellas, G. Junyent, “Introducing OMS protection in GMPLS-based optical ring networks,” Comp. Netw., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 1975–1987, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

J. Perelló, L. Velasco, F. Agraz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “A comparison of in-fiber and out-of-fiber GMPLS-based control plane configurations: benefits, drawbacks and solutions,” in 10th Anniversary Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks 2008. ICTON 2008, Athens, 2008, vol. 3, pp. 101–104.

Szigeti, J.

J. Szigeti, R. Romeral, T. Cinkler, D. Larrabeiti, “p-Cycle protection in multidomain optical networks,” Photonic Netw. Commun., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 35–47, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Troung, D.

D. Troung, B. Jaumard, “Using topology aggregation for efficient shared segment protection solutions in multi-domain networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 96–107, Dec. 2007.

Velasco, L.

L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, J. Comellas, G. Junyent, “Shared-path protection with extra traffic in ASON-GMPLS ring networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 130–145, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

F. Agraz, L. Velasco, J. Perelló, M. Ruiz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “Design and implementation of a GMPLS-controlled grooming-capable optical transport network,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. A258–A269, July 2009.
[CrossRef]

L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, J. Comellas, G. Junyent, “Introducing OMS protection in GMPLS-based optical ring networks,” Comp. Netw., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 1975–1987, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

J. Perelló, L. Velasco, F. Agraz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “A comparison of in-fiber and out-of-fiber GMPLS-based control plane configurations: benefits, drawbacks and solutions,” in 10th Anniversary Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks 2008. ICTON 2008, Athens, 2008, vol. 3, pp. 101–104.

Wang, X.

L. Guo, X. Wang, J. Cao, W. Hou, J. Wu, Y. Li, “Local and global Hamiltonian cycle protection algorithm based on abstracted virtual topology in fault-tolerant multi-domain optical networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 851–859, Mar. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

L. Guo, X. Wang, J. Cao, W. Hou, J. Wu, Y. Li, “Local and global Hamiltonian cycle protection algorithm based on abstracted virtual topology in fault-tolerant multi-domain optical networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 851–859, Mar. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Zhang, F.

F. Zhang, Y. Lee, J. Han, G. Bernstein, “OSPF extensions in support of routing and wavelength assignment (RWA) in wavelength switched optical networks (WSONs),” IETF Network Work Group Internet draft, Mar. 5, 2010 (expires Sept. 4, 2010), http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-zhang-ccamp-rwa-wson-routing-ospf-03.

Comp. Netw. (1)

L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, J. Comellas, G. Junyent, “Introducing OMS protection in GMPLS-based optical ring networks,” Comp. Netw., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 1975–1987, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

Comput. Commun. (1)

L. Guo, “LSSP: a novel local segment-shared protection for multi-domain optical mesh networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 1794–1801, June 2007.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag (1)

R. Muñoz, R. Martínez, R. Casellas, “Challenges for GMPLS lightpath provisioning in transparent optical networks: wavelength constraints in routing and signaling,” IEEE Commun. Mag, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 26–34, Aug. 2009.

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

D. Troung, B. Jaumard, “Using topology aggregation for efficient shared segment protection solutions in multi-domain networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 96–107, Dec. 2007.

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

L. Guo, X. Wang, J. Cao, W. Hou, J. Wu, Y. Li, “Local and global Hamiltonian cycle protection algorithm based on abstracted virtual topology in fault-tolerant multi-domain optical networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 851–859, Mar. 2010.
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

F. Agraz, L. Velasco, J. Perelló, M. Ruiz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “Design and implementation of a GMPLS-controlled grooming-capable optical transport network,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. A258–A269, July 2009.
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

L. Velasco, S. Spadaro, J. Comellas, G. Junyent, “Shared-path protection with extra traffic in ASON-GMPLS ring networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 130–145, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Photonic Netw. Commun. (1)

J. Szigeti, R. Romeral, T. Cinkler, D. Larrabeiti, “p-Cycle protection in multidomain optical networks,” Photonic Netw. Commun., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 35–47, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Other (14)

H. Huang, J. Copeland, “Multi-domain mesh optical network protection using Hamiltonian cycles,” in HPSR 2002. Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing. Merging Optical and IP Technologies, Kobe, Japan, 2002, pp. 26–29.

C. Y. Lee, A. Farrel, S. De Cnodder, “Exclude routes—extension to Resource Reservation Protocol-traffic engineering (RSVP-TE),” IETF Network Working Group RFC-4874, Apr. 2007, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4874.txt.

JDSU, http://www.jdsu.com.

J. Perelló, L. Velasco, F. Agraz, S. Spadaro, G. Junyent, J. Comellas, “A comparison of in-fiber and out-of-fiber GMPLS-based control plane configurations: benefits, drawbacks and solutions,” in 10th Anniversary Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks 2008. ICTON 2008, Athens, 2008, vol. 3, pp. 101–104.

F. Zhang, Y. Lee, J. Han, G. Bernstein, “OSPF extensions in support of routing and wavelength assignment (RWA) in wavelength switched optical networks (WSONs),” IETF Network Work Group Internet draft, Mar. 5, 2010 (expires Sept. 4, 2010), http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-zhang-ccamp-rwa-wson-routing-ospf-03.

ITU-T Recommendation G.8080/Y.1304, “Architecture for the automatically switched optical network (ASON),” ITU-Telecommunication Standardization Sector, Nov. 2001, and Amendment 1, Mar. 2003, http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/recommendations/index.aspx?ser=G.

E. Mannie, ed., ““Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) architecture,” IETF Network Working Group RFC-3945, Oct. 2004, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3945.txt.

L. Berger, ed., “Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) Signaling Resource Reservation Protocol-traffic engineering (RSVP-TE) extensions,” IETF Network Working Group RFC-3473, Jan. 2003, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3473.txt.

D. Katz, K. Kompella, and D. Yeung, eds., “Traffic engineering (TE) extensions to OSPF version 2,” IETF Network Working Group RFC-3630, Sept. 2003, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3630.txt.

J. Lang, ed., “Link Management Protocol (LMP),” IETF Network Working Group RFC-4204, Oct. 2005, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4204.txt.

J. P. Lang, Y. Rekhter, D. Papadimitriou, “RSVP-TE extensions in support of end-to-end Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) recovery,” IETF Network Working Group RFC-4872, May 2007, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4872.txt.

L. Berger, I. Bryskin, D. Papadimitriou, and A. Farrel, eds., “GMPLS segment recovery,” IETF Network Working Group RFC-4873, May 2007, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4873.txt.

W. D. Grover, Mesh-Based Survivable Networks,” Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2004.

T. Takeda, A. Farrel, Y. Ikejiri, and J. P. Vasseur, eds., “Analysis of inter-domain label switched path (LSP) recovery,” IETF Network Working Group RFC-5298, Aug. 2008, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc5298.txt.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Example of multidomain recovery action. Links 2–8, 1–8, and 1–7 belong to the backbone area (solid and dotted lines represent working and backup paths, respectively).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fail-to-restore example due to the lack of interdomain failure information.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intradomain restoration scenario 1 (s1). Three examples of failures in (a) a wavelength channel inside a link, (b) the complete link, and (c) a node.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Interdomain restoration scenario 2 (s2). Three examples of failures in (a) a wavelength channel, (b) the complete link, and (c) a border node. Also, (d) provides an example of fully disjoint restoration.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Simplified scheme of the IP interconnection between the UPC CARISMA and the CTTC ADRENALINE test beds.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

RSVP-TE messages captured at node 8 for the LSP restoration using wavelength channel information.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Intradomain and interdomain restoration times versus the number of nodes in the working LSP route.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Restoration times versus the number of domains.

Tables (7)

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Table 1 Notification Algorithm

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Table 2 Rerouting Algorithm

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Table 3 Get Next Hop Algorithm

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Table 4 LSP-Specific Domain Restoration Policies

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Table 5 Advantages and Drawbacks of Different PoR Strategies

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Table 6 Experimental Details of Assessed Restoration Strategies

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Table 7 Experimental Mean Times

Equations (2)

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t restore intra = t OCC + ( n working domain 2 ) t link + t route + ( 2 n backup domain 1 ) t OCC + 2 ( n backup domain 1 ) t link + 2 t config + t switch .
t restore inter = ( 2 d 1 ) t OCC + ( n working 2 ) t link + ( 4 d 3 ) t route + 3 ( d 1 ) t inter + ( 2 n reroute 1 ) t OCC + 2 ( n backup d ) t link + 2 t config + t switch .