We investigate the problem of adaptive reliable multipath provisioning in next-generation backbone mesh networks employing optical wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) and channelization techniques such as synchronous optical network/synchronous digital hierarchy (SONET/SDH) and supporting virtual concatenation (VCAT). VCAT enables multipath provisioning, but also introduces differential delay at destination nodes. How to guarantee service availability, using multipath provisioning, and meet the differential-delay constraint (DDC) is an important problem. We introduce the notation for multipath provisioning where a service path for a connection is set up with M primary paths and N backup paths, where each path has a fraction of the bandwidth of the connection, and in this notation denotes “multipath.” With provisioning schemes, we develop an analytical model to analyze the end-to-end connection availability for the full bandwidth request. We propose two types of bandwidth migration methods, which can be implemented by a link-capacity adjustment scheme (LCAS) protocol of next-generation SONET/SDH, to optimize resource usage. Based on the analytical model, we develop an adaptive heuristic algorithm to provision a connection subject to the DDC while satisfying its service-level agreement (SLA). We show that, for end-to-end connection-availability-guaranteed service, multipath provisioning can achieve much better network performance than traditional single-path provisioning. With bandwidth migration, we can further improve multipath provisioning performance.
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