Abstract

We propose the multifrequency upconversion of optical millimeter-wave (mm-wave) signal generation by an I/Q modulator. With a 90deg phase shift, two mm-waves at different frequencies can be easily separated without interference. The receiver power penalty is less than 1dB for the downlink 40 and 60GHz mm-wave signals after transmission over 20km of standard single-mode fiber.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. Chen, S. C. Wen, Y. Li, J. He, H. Wen, Y. Shao, Z. Dong, Y. Pi, “Optical front-ends to generate optical millimeter-wave signal in radio-over-fiber systems with different architectures,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3381–3387, Nov. 2007.
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 265–267, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Kuri, H. Toda, K. Kitayama, “Dense wavelength-division multiplexing millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber signal transmission with photonic downconversion,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, pp. 1510–1517, 2003.
    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Xu, J. Yu, X. Zhang, “Electroabsorption modulator frequency down-conversion for uplink radio-over-fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., no. 20, pp. 1875–1877, 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. H. Seo, C. S. Choi, Y. S. Kang, Y. D. Chung, J. Kim, W. Y. Choi, “SOA-EAM frequency up/down-converters for 60-GHz bi-directional radio-on-fiber systems,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 54, pp. 959–966, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, “Wavelength-division-multiplexed millimeter-waveband radio-on-fiber system using a supercontinum light source,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, pp. 404–410, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  7. Q. Chang, H. Fu, Y. Su, “Simultaneous generation and transmission of downstream multiband signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio-over-fiber system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 181–183, 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. T. Lin, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, W. Q. Xue, P. C. Peng, S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Xu, X. Zhang, J. Yu, “Frequency upconversion of multiple RF signals using optical carrier suppression for radio over fiber downlinks,” Opt. Express, vol. 15, no. 25, pp. 16737–16747, 2007.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. T. Lin, W. Jiang, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, E. Wong, S. Chi, “Novel optical vector signal generation with carrier suppression and frequency multiplication based on a single-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2060–2062, 2008.
    [CrossRef]

2008 (3)

Q. Chang, H. Fu, Y. Su, “Simultaneous generation and transmission of downstream multiband signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio-over-fiber system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 181–183, 2008.
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, W. Q. Xue, P. C. Peng, S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, 2008.
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, W. Jiang, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, E. Wong, S. Chi, “Novel optical vector signal generation with carrier suppression and frequency multiplication based on a single-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2060–2062, 2008.
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 265–267, 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. H. Seo, C. S. Choi, Y. S. Kang, Y. D. Chung, J. Kim, W. Y. Choi, “SOA-EAM frequency up/down-converters for 60-GHz bi-directional radio-on-fiber systems,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 54, pp. 959–966, 2006.
[CrossRef]

T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, “Wavelength-division-multiplexed millimeter-waveband radio-on-fiber system using a supercontinum light source,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, pp. 404–410, 2006.
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Chang, G. K.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 265–267, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Chang, Q.

Q. Chang, H. Fu, Y. Su, “Simultaneous generation and transmission of downstream multiband signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio-over-fiber system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 181–183, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

C. T. Lin, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, W. Q. Xue, P. C. Peng, S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, 2008.
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, W. Jiang, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, E. Wong, S. Chi, “Novel optical vector signal generation with carrier suppression and frequency multiplication based on a single-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2060–2062, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Chi, S.

C. T. Lin, W. Jiang, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, E. Wong, S. Chi, “Novel optical vector signal generation with carrier suppression and frequency multiplication based on a single-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2060–2062, 2008.
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, W. Q. Xue, P. C. Peng, S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Choi, C. S.

J. H. Seo, C. S. Choi, Y. S. Kang, Y. D. Chung, J. Kim, W. Y. Choi, “SOA-EAM frequency up/down-converters for 60-GHz bi-directional radio-on-fiber systems,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 54, pp. 959–966, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Choi, W. Y.

J. H. Seo, C. S. Choi, Y. S. Kang, Y. D. Chung, J. Kim, W. Y. Choi, “SOA-EAM frequency up/down-converters for 60-GHz bi-directional radio-on-fiber systems,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 54, pp. 959–966, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. D.

J. H. Seo, C. S. Choi, Y. S. Kang, Y. D. Chung, J. Kim, W. Y. Choi, “SOA-EAM frequency up/down-converters for 60-GHz bi-directional radio-on-fiber systems,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 54, pp. 959–966, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Dong, Z.

Fu, H.

Q. Chang, H. Fu, Y. Su, “Simultaneous generation and transmission of downstream multiband signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio-over-fiber system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 181–183, 2008.
[CrossRef]

He, J.

Jia, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 265–267, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W.

C. T. Lin, W. Jiang, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, E. Wong, S. Chi, “Novel optical vector signal generation with carrier suppression and frequency multiplication based on a single-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2060–2062, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Kang, Y. S.

J. H. Seo, C. S. Choi, Y. S. Kang, Y. D. Chung, J. Kim, W. Y. Choi, “SOA-EAM frequency up/down-converters for 60-GHz bi-directional radio-on-fiber systems,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 54, pp. 959–966, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

J. H. Seo, C. S. Choi, Y. S. Kang, Y. D. Chung, J. Kim, W. Y. Choi, “SOA-EAM frequency up/down-converters for 60-GHz bi-directional radio-on-fiber systems,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 54, pp. 959–966, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

Kuri, T.

Li, Y.

Lin, C. T.

C. T. Lin, W. Jiang, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, E. Wong, S. Chi, “Novel optical vector signal generation with carrier suppression and frequency multiplication based on a single-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2060–2062, 2008.
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, W. Q. Xue, P. C. Peng, S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Nakasyotani, T.

Peng, P. C.

C. T. Lin, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, W. Q. Xue, P. C. Peng, S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, 2008.
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, W. Jiang, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, E. Wong, S. Chi, “Novel optical vector signal generation with carrier suppression and frequency multiplication based on a single-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2060–2062, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Pi, Y.

Seo, J. H.

J. H. Seo, C. S. Choi, Y. S. Kang, Y. D. Chung, J. Kim, W. Y. Choi, “SOA-EAM frequency up/down-converters for 60-GHz bi-directional radio-on-fiber systems,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 54, pp. 959–966, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Shao, Y.

Shih, P. T.

C. T. Lin, W. Jiang, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, E. Wong, S. Chi, “Novel optical vector signal generation with carrier suppression and frequency multiplication based on a single-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2060–2062, 2008.
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, W. Q. Xue, P. C. Peng, S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Su, Y.

Q. Chang, H. Fu, Y. Su, “Simultaneous generation and transmission of downstream multiband signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio-over-fiber system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 181–183, 2008.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 265–267, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Toda, H.

Wang, T.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 265–267, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Wen, H.

Wen, S. C.

Wong, E.

C. T. Lin, W. Jiang, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, E. Wong, S. Chi, “Novel optical vector signal generation with carrier suppression and frequency multiplication based on a single-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2060–2062, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Z. Xu, X. Zhang, J. Yu, “Frequency upconversion of multiple RF signals using optical carrier suppression for radio over fiber downlinks,” Opt. Express, vol. 15, no. 25, pp. 16737–16747, 2007.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Xu, J. Yu, X. Zhang, “Electroabsorption modulator frequency down-conversion for uplink radio-over-fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., no. 20, pp. 1875–1877, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Xue, W. Q.

C. T. Lin, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, W. Q. Xue, P. C. Peng, S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Yi, L.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 265–267, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Z. Xu, X. Zhang, J. Yu, “Frequency upconversion of multiple RF signals using optical carrier suppression for radio over fiber downlinks,” Opt. Express, vol. 15, no. 25, pp. 16737–16747, 2007.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 265–267, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Z. Xu, J. Yu, X. Zhang, “Electroabsorption modulator frequency down-conversion for uplink radio-over-fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., no. 20, pp. 1875–1877, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Z. Xu, X. Zhang, J. Yu, “Frequency upconversion of multiple RF signals using optical carrier suppression for radio over fiber downlinks,” Opt. Express, vol. 15, no. 25, pp. 16737–16747, 2007.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Xu, J. Yu, X. Zhang, “Electroabsorption modulator frequency down-conversion for uplink radio-over-fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., no. 20, pp. 1875–1877, 2008.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 265–267, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Q. Chang, H. Fu, Y. Su, “Simultaneous generation and transmission of downstream multiband signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio-over-fiber system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 181–183, 2008.
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, P. T. Shih, J. Chen, W. Q. Xue, P. C. Peng, S. Chi, “Optical millimeter-wave signal generation using frequency quadrupling technique and no optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 1027–1029, 2008.
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, W. Jiang, J. Chen, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, E. Wong, S. Chi, “Novel optical vector signal generation with carrier suppression and frequency multiplication based on a single-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2060–2062, 2008.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

J. H. Seo, C. S. Choi, Y. S. Kang, Y. D. Chung, J. Kim, W. Y. Choi, “SOA-EAM frequency up/down-converters for 60-GHz bi-directional radio-on-fiber systems,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 54, pp. 959–966, 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (1)

Z. Xu, J. Yu, X. Zhang, “Electroabsorption modulator frequency down-conversion for uplink radio-over-fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., no. 20, pp. 1875–1877, 2008.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simultaneous upconversion the double-band configuration by employing only one I/Q modulator for RoF systems. ILA, interleaver A; ILB, interleaver B; CS, center station.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental schematics for two mm-wave signal simultaneous generation by an I/Q modulator in RoF downlink systems. IL, interleaver.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical mm-wave signals after the I/Q modulator. (b) Four subcarriers after the 25 GHz interleaver. (c) Two outer subcarriers for the 60 GHz mm-wave signal. (d) Two inner subcarriers for the 40 GHz mm-wave signal. Optical spectrum analyzer (OSA) resolution, 0.01 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The 40 GHz B-B eye diagram of an optical mm-wave and the baseband signal after downconversion: (a) B-B before downconversion, (b) B-B after downconversion, (c) after 20 km fiber and before downconversion, (d) after 20 km fiber and after downconversion.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The 60 GHz B-B eye diagram of an optical mm-wave and the baseband signal after downconversion: (a) B-B before downconversion, (b) B-B after downconversion, (c) after 20 km fiber and before downconversion, (d) after 20 km fiber and after downconversion.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER versus receiver power for B-B and after 20 km downlink transmission.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

BER versus receiver power for B-B and after 20 km downlink transmission.