Abstract

An upstream access scheme for Ethernet passive optical networks, called the intelligent fuzzy-logic-based dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm (IFLDBA) has been proposed. The algorithm provides the allotment of bandwidth between optical network units (ONUs) and within ONUs. Fuzzy logic is used to improve the bandwidth allocation within each ONU. We compare the IFLDBA algorithm with the existing broadcast polling algorithm. The results show that IFLDBA has bandwidth utilization of up to 21% better and lower delay than the broadcast polling algorithm.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Lam, Passive Optical Networks: Principles and Practice, Burlington, MA: Academic, 2007.
  2. K. Yang, S. Ou, K. Guild, H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 27, pp. 101–116, Feb. 2009.
    [Crossref]
  3. B. Park, A. Hwang, J.-H. Yoo, “Enhanced dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” ETRI J., vol. 30, pp. 301–307, Apr. 2008.
    [Crossref]
  4. I.-S. Hwang, Z.-D. Shyu, L.-Y. Ke, C.-C. Chang, “A novel early DBA mechanism with prediction-based fair excessive bandwidth allocation scheme in EPON,” Comput. Commun., vol. 31, pp. 1814–1823, June 2008.
    [Crossref]
  5. R. Razavi, K. Guild, “Multiconstraints fuzzy-logic-based scheduling algorithm for passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, pp. 346–357, Apr. 2009.
    [Crossref]
  6. X. Bai, A. Shami, C. Assi, “On the fairness of dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes in ethernet passive optical networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, pp. 2123–2135, July 2006.
    [Crossref]
  7. B. Lannoo, L. Verslegers, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, M. Gegnaire, P. Demeester, “Analytical model for the IPACT dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for EPONs,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, pp. 677–688, June 2007.
    [Crossref]
  8. F. Aurzada, M. Scheutzow, M. H. M. Maier, M. Reisslein, “Delay analysis of ethernet passive optical networks with gated service,” J. Opt. Netw. 7, pp. 25–41, Jan. 2008.
    [Crossref]
  9. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, “IPACT a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, pp. 74–80, Feb. 2002.
    [Crossref]
  10. B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, L. Wosinska, B. Mukherjee, “A comparison of dynamic bandwidth allocation for EPON, GPON, and next generation TDM PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, pp. S40–S48, March 2009.
    [Crossref]
  11. M. R. Jason, R. Ferguson, M. P. McGarry, “Online excess bandwidth distribution for Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, pp. 358–369, Apr. 2009.
    [Crossref]
  12. M. R. Jason, R. Ferguson, M. P. McGarry, “When are online and offline excess bandwidth distribution useful in EPONs?” Proc. ICST Third Int. Conf. on Access Networks, Las Vegas, NV, Oct. 15–17, 2008, pp. 50–59.
  13. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, pp. 89–107, Jan. 2002.
    [Crossref]
  14. S. Hussain, X. Fernando, “EPON: an extensive review for up-to-date dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes,” in Canadian Conf. on Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2008, Niagara Falls, ON, Canada, May 4–7, 2008, pp. 000511–000516.
  15. H. Xiong, M. Cao, “Broadcast polling-an uplink access scheme for the ethernet passive optical network,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 3, pp. 728–735, Oct. 2004.
    [Crossref]
  16. S. A. Zahr, M. Gagnaire, “An analytical model of the IEEE 802.3ah MAC protocol for EPON-based access systems,” Telecom Paris, l’Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications—Paris, May 2006. Available: http://www.telecom-paristech.fr/_data/files/docs/id_594_1149772769_271.pdf.
  17. C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, pp. 1467–1477, Nov. 2003.
    [Crossref]
  18. S. I. Choi, J. D. Huh, “I.Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for multimedia services over Ethernet PONs,” ETRI J., vol. 24, pp. 465–468, Dec. 2002.
    [Crossref]
  19. L. Min, F. Xiaomei, C. Yu, D. Fulei, “New dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for Ethernet PON,” in 8th Int. Conf. on Electronic Measurement and Instruments 2007, Xi'an, China, Aug. 16–18, 2007, pp. 3-224–3-227.
  20. S.-H. Jang, J.-M. Kim, J.-W. Jang, “Performance evaluation of new DBA algorithm supporting fairness for EPON,” in 2004 IEEE Region 10 Conf. TENCON 2004, Nov. 21–24, 2004, vol. 3, pp. 29–32.
    [Crossref]
  21. K.-H. Ahn, K.-E. Han, Y.-C. Kim, “Hierarchical dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for multimedia services over Ethernet PONs,” ETRI J., vol. 26, pp. 321–331, Aug. 2004.
    [Crossref]
  22. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, R. Hirth, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 1, pp. 280–298, Aug. 2002.
  23. L. Zhang, S.-S. Poo, “Delay constraint dynamic bandwidth allocation in upstream Ethernet passive optical network,” in Ninth Int. Conf. on Communications Systems (ICCS 2004), Singapore, Sept. 7, 2004, pp. 126–130.
    [Crossref]
  24. N. Ghani, A. Shami, C. Assi, M. Raja, “Intra-ONU bandwidth scheduling in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 683–685, Nov. 2004.
    [Crossref]
  25. J. Zheng, H. T. Mouftah, “A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms for Ethernet Passive Optical Networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, pp. 151–162, July 2009.
    [Crossref]
  26. J. Chen, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, “Joint bandwidth scheduling to support differentiated services and multiple service providers in 1 G and 10 G EPONs,” J. Opt. Netw, vol. 4, pp. 343–351, Sept. 2009.
    [Crossref]
  27. M. S. Taqqu, W. Willinger, R. Sherman, “Proof of a fundamental result in self-similar traffic modeling,” Comp. Commun. Rev., vol. 27, pp. 5–23, Apr. 1997.
    [Crossref]
  28. T. Takagi, M. Sugeno, “Fuzzy identification of systems and its applications to modeling and control,” IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern., vol. 15, pp. 116–132, Jan.–Feb. 1985.
    [Crossref]
  29. G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhaland, B. Mukherjee, S. Dizit, Y. Ye, “Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun, vol. 22, pp. 1497–1513, Oct. 2004.
    [Crossref]
  30. R. Jain, A. Durressi, G. Babic, “Throughput fairness index: an explanation,” ATM Forum Contribution, 1999. Available: http://www.cse.wustl.edu/~jain/atmf/ftp/af_fair.pdf.

2009 (6)

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. Guild, H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 27, pp. 101–116, Feb. 2009.
[Crossref]

R. Razavi, K. Guild, “Multiconstraints fuzzy-logic-based scheduling algorithm for passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, pp. 346–357, Apr. 2009.
[Crossref]

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, L. Wosinska, B. Mukherjee, “A comparison of dynamic bandwidth allocation for EPON, GPON, and next generation TDM PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, pp. S40–S48, March 2009.
[Crossref]

M. R. Jason, R. Ferguson, M. P. McGarry, “Online excess bandwidth distribution for Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, pp. 358–369, Apr. 2009.
[Crossref]

J. Zheng, H. T. Mouftah, “A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms for Ethernet Passive Optical Networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, pp. 151–162, July 2009.
[Crossref]

J. Chen, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, “Joint bandwidth scheduling to support differentiated services and multiple service providers in 1 G and 10 G EPONs,” J. Opt. Netw, vol. 4, pp. 343–351, Sept. 2009.
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

F. Aurzada, M. Scheutzow, M. H. M. Maier, M. Reisslein, “Delay analysis of ethernet passive optical networks with gated service,” J. Opt. Netw. 7, pp. 25–41, Jan. 2008.
[Crossref]

B. Park, A. Hwang, J.-H. Yoo, “Enhanced dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” ETRI J., vol. 30, pp. 301–307, Apr. 2008.
[Crossref]

I.-S. Hwang, Z.-D. Shyu, L.-Y. Ke, C.-C. Chang, “A novel early DBA mechanism with prediction-based fair excessive bandwidth allocation scheme in EPON,” Comput. Commun., vol. 31, pp. 1814–1823, June 2008.
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

X. Bai, A. Shami, C. Assi, “On the fairness of dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes in ethernet passive optical networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, pp. 2123–2135, July 2006.
[Crossref]

2004 (4)

H. Xiong, M. Cao, “Broadcast polling-an uplink access scheme for the ethernet passive optical network,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 3, pp. 728–735, Oct. 2004.
[Crossref]

K.-H. Ahn, K.-E. Han, Y.-C. Kim, “Hierarchical dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for multimedia services over Ethernet PONs,” ETRI J., vol. 26, pp. 321–331, Aug. 2004.
[Crossref]

N. Ghani, A. Shami, C. Assi, M. Raja, “Intra-ONU bandwidth scheduling in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 683–685, Nov. 2004.
[Crossref]

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhaland, B. Mukherjee, S. Dizit, Y. Ye, “Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun, vol. 22, pp. 1497–1513, Oct. 2004.
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, pp. 1467–1477, Nov. 2003.
[Crossref]

2002 (4)

S. I. Choi, J. D. Huh, “I.Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for multimedia services over Ethernet PONs,” ETRI J., vol. 24, pp. 465–468, Dec. 2002.
[Crossref]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, R. Hirth, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 1, pp. 280–298, Aug. 2002.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, “IPACT a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, pp. 74–80, Feb. 2002.
[Crossref]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, pp. 89–107, Jan. 2002.
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. S. Taqqu, W. Willinger, R. Sherman, “Proof of a fundamental result in self-similar traffic modeling,” Comp. Commun. Rev., vol. 27, pp. 5–23, Apr. 1997.
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

T. Takagi, M. Sugeno, “Fuzzy identification of systems and its applications to modeling and control,” IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern., vol. 15, pp. 116–132, Jan.–Feb. 1985.
[Crossref]

Ahmed, J.

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, L. Wosinska, B. Mukherjee, “A comparison of dynamic bandwidth allocation for EPON, GPON, and next generation TDM PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, pp. S40–S48, March 2009.
[Crossref]

Ahn, K.-H.

K.-H. Ahn, K.-E. Han, Y.-C. Kim, “Hierarchical dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for multimedia services over Ethernet PONs,” ETRI J., vol. 26, pp. 321–331, Aug. 2004.
[Crossref]

Ali, M.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, pp. 1467–1477, Nov. 2003.
[Crossref]

Assi, C.

X. Bai, A. Shami, C. Assi, “On the fairness of dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes in ethernet passive optical networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, pp. 2123–2135, July 2006.
[Crossref]

N. Ghani, A. Shami, C. Assi, M. Raja, “Intra-ONU bandwidth scheduling in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 683–685, Nov. 2004.
[Crossref]

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, pp. 1467–1477, Nov. 2003.
[Crossref]

Aurzada, F.

Babic, G.

R. Jain, A. Durressi, G. Babic, “Throughput fairness index: an explanation,” ATM Forum Contribution, 1999. Available: http://www.cse.wustl.edu/~jain/atmf/ftp/af_fair.pdf.

Bai, X.

X. Bai, A. Shami, C. Assi, “On the fairness of dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes in ethernet passive optical networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, pp. 2123–2135, July 2006.
[Crossref]

Banerjee, A.

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhaland, B. Mukherjee, S. Dizit, Y. Ye, “Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun, vol. 22, pp. 1497–1513, Oct. 2004.
[Crossref]

Cao, M.

Chang, C.-C.

I.-S. Hwang, Z.-D. Shyu, L.-Y. Ke, C.-C. Chang, “A novel early DBA mechanism with prediction-based fair excessive bandwidth allocation scheme in EPON,” Comput. Commun., vol. 31, pp. 1814–1823, June 2008.
[Crossref]

Chen, B.

J. Chen, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, “Joint bandwidth scheduling to support differentiated services and multiple service providers in 1 G and 10 G EPONs,” J. Opt. Netw, vol. 4, pp. 343–351, Sept. 2009.
[Crossref]

Chen, H.-H.

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. Guild, H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 27, pp. 101–116, Feb. 2009.
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, L. Wosinska, B. Mukherjee, “A comparison of dynamic bandwidth allocation for EPON, GPON, and next generation TDM PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, pp. S40–S48, March 2009.
[Crossref]

J. Chen, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, “Joint bandwidth scheduling to support differentiated services and multiple service providers in 1 G and 10 G EPONs,” J. Opt. Netw, vol. 4, pp. 343–351, Sept. 2009.
[Crossref]

Choi, S. I.

S. I. Choi, J. D. Huh, “I.Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for multimedia services over Ethernet PONs,” ETRI J., vol. 24, pp. 465–468, Dec. 2002.
[Crossref]

Colle, D.

Demeester, P.

Dixit, S.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, pp. 1467–1477, Nov. 2003.
[Crossref]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, R. Hirth, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 1, pp. 280–298, Aug. 2002.

Dizit, S.

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhaland, B. Mukherjee, S. Dizit, Y. Ye, “Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun, vol. 22, pp. 1497–1513, Oct. 2004.
[Crossref]

Durressi, A.

R. Jain, A. Durressi, G. Babic, “Throughput fairness index: an explanation,” ATM Forum Contribution, 1999. Available: http://www.cse.wustl.edu/~jain/atmf/ftp/af_fair.pdf.

Ferguson, R.

M. R. Jason, R. Ferguson, M. P. McGarry, “Online excess bandwidth distribution for Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, pp. 358–369, Apr. 2009.
[Crossref]

M. R. Jason, R. Ferguson, M. P. McGarry, “When are online and offline excess bandwidth distribution useful in EPONs?” Proc. ICST Third Int. Conf. on Access Networks, Las Vegas, NV, Oct. 15–17, 2008, pp. 50–59.

Fernando, X.

S. Hussain, X. Fernando, “EPON: an extensive review for up-to-date dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes,” in Canadian Conf. on Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2008, Niagara Falls, ON, Canada, May 4–7, 2008, pp. 000511–000516.

Fulei, D.

L. Min, F. Xiaomei, C. Yu, D. Fulei, “New dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for Ethernet PON,” in 8th Int. Conf. on Electronic Measurement and Instruments 2007, Xi'an, China, Aug. 16–18, 2007, pp. 3-224–3-227.

Gagnaire, M.

S. A. Zahr, M. Gagnaire, “An analytical model of the IEEE 802.3ah MAC protocol for EPON-based access systems,” Telecom Paris, l’Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications—Paris, May 2006. Available: http://www.telecom-paristech.fr/_data/files/docs/id_594_1149772769_271.pdf.

Gegnaire, M.

Ghani, N.

N. Ghani, A. Shami, C. Assi, M. Raja, “Intra-ONU bandwidth scheduling in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 683–685, Nov. 2004.
[Crossref]

Guild, K.

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. Guild, H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 27, pp. 101–116, Feb. 2009.
[Crossref]

R. Razavi, K. Guild, “Multiconstraints fuzzy-logic-based scheduling algorithm for passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, pp. 346–357, Apr. 2009.
[Crossref]

Han, K.-E.

K.-H. Ahn, K.-E. Han, Y.-C. Kim, “Hierarchical dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for multimedia services over Ethernet PONs,” ETRI J., vol. 26, pp. 321–331, Aug. 2004.
[Crossref]

Hirth, R.

Huh, J. D.

S. I. Choi, J. D. Huh, “I.Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for multimedia services over Ethernet PONs,” ETRI J., vol. 24, pp. 465–468, Dec. 2002.
[Crossref]

Hussain, S.

S. Hussain, X. Fernando, “EPON: an extensive review for up-to-date dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes,” in Canadian Conf. on Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2008, Niagara Falls, ON, Canada, May 4–7, 2008, pp. 000511–000516.

Hwang, A.

B. Park, A. Hwang, J.-H. Yoo, “Enhanced dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” ETRI J., vol. 30, pp. 301–307, Apr. 2008.
[Crossref]

Hwang, I.-S.

I.-S. Hwang, Z.-D. Shyu, L.-Y. Ke, C.-C. Chang, “A novel early DBA mechanism with prediction-based fair excessive bandwidth allocation scheme in EPON,” Comput. Commun., vol. 31, pp. 1814–1823, June 2008.
[Crossref]

Jain, R.

R. Jain, A. Durressi, G. Babic, “Throughput fairness index: an explanation,” ATM Forum Contribution, 1999. Available: http://www.cse.wustl.edu/~jain/atmf/ftp/af_fair.pdf.

Jang, J.-W.

S.-H. Jang, J.-M. Kim, J.-W. Jang, “Performance evaluation of new DBA algorithm supporting fairness for EPON,” in 2004 IEEE Region 10 Conf. TENCON 2004, Nov. 21–24, 2004, vol. 3, pp. 29–32.
[Crossref]

Jang, S.-H.

S.-H. Jang, J.-M. Kim, J.-W. Jang, “Performance evaluation of new DBA algorithm supporting fairness for EPON,” in 2004 IEEE Region 10 Conf. TENCON 2004, Nov. 21–24, 2004, vol. 3, pp. 29–32.
[Crossref]

Jason, M. R.

M. R. Jason, R. Ferguson, M. P. McGarry, “Online excess bandwidth distribution for Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, pp. 358–369, Apr. 2009.
[Crossref]

M. R. Jason, R. Ferguson, M. P. McGarry, “When are online and offline excess bandwidth distribution useful in EPONs?” Proc. ICST Third Int. Conf. on Access Networks, Las Vegas, NV, Oct. 15–17, 2008, pp. 50–59.

Ke, L.-Y.

I.-S. Hwang, Z.-D. Shyu, L.-Y. Ke, C.-C. Chang, “A novel early DBA mechanism with prediction-based fair excessive bandwidth allocation scheme in EPON,” Comput. Commun., vol. 31, pp. 1814–1823, June 2008.
[Crossref]

Kim, J.-M.

S.-H. Jang, J.-M. Kim, J.-W. Jang, “Performance evaluation of new DBA algorithm supporting fairness for EPON,” in 2004 IEEE Region 10 Conf. TENCON 2004, Nov. 21–24, 2004, vol. 3, pp. 29–32.
[Crossref]

Kim, Y.-C.

K.-H. Ahn, K.-E. Han, Y.-C. Kim, “Hierarchical dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for multimedia services over Ethernet PONs,” ETRI J., vol. 26, pp. 321–331, Aug. 2004.
[Crossref]

Kramer, G.

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhaland, B. Mukherjee, S. Dizit, Y. Ye, “Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun, vol. 22, pp. 1497–1513, Oct. 2004.
[Crossref]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, “IPACT a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, pp. 74–80, Feb. 2002.
[Crossref]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, pp. 89–107, Jan. 2002.
[Crossref]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, R. Hirth, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 1, pp. 280–298, Aug. 2002.

Lam, C.

C. Lam, Passive Optical Networks: Principles and Practice, Burlington, MA: Academic, 2007.

Lannoo, B.

Maier, M. H. M.

McGarry, M. P.

M. R. Jason, R. Ferguson, M. P. McGarry, “Online excess bandwidth distribution for Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, pp. 358–369, Apr. 2009.
[Crossref]

M. R. Jason, R. Ferguson, M. P. McGarry, “When are online and offline excess bandwidth distribution useful in EPONs?” Proc. ICST Third Int. Conf. on Access Networks, Las Vegas, NV, Oct. 15–17, 2008, pp. 50–59.

Min, L.

L. Min, F. Xiaomei, C. Yu, D. Fulei, “New dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for Ethernet PON,” in 8th Int. Conf. on Electronic Measurement and Instruments 2007, Xi'an, China, Aug. 16–18, 2007, pp. 3-224–3-227.

Mouftah, H. T.

J. Zheng, H. T. Mouftah, “A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms for Ethernet Passive Optical Networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, pp. 151–162, July 2009.
[Crossref]

Mukherjee, B.

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, L. Wosinska, B. Mukherjee, “A comparison of dynamic bandwidth allocation for EPON, GPON, and next generation TDM PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, pp. S40–S48, March 2009.
[Crossref]

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhaland, B. Mukherjee, S. Dizit, Y. Ye, “Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun, vol. 22, pp. 1497–1513, Oct. 2004.
[Crossref]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, R. Hirth, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 1, pp. 280–298, Aug. 2002.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, pp. 89–107, Jan. 2002.
[Crossref]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, “IPACT a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, pp. 74–80, Feb. 2002.
[Crossref]

Ou, S.

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. Guild, H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 27, pp. 101–116, Feb. 2009.
[Crossref]

Park, B.

B. Park, A. Hwang, J.-H. Yoo, “Enhanced dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” ETRI J., vol. 30, pp. 301–307, Apr. 2008.
[Crossref]

Pesavento, G.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, “IPACT a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, pp. 74–80, Feb. 2002.
[Crossref]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, pp. 89–107, Jan. 2002.
[Crossref]

Pickavet, M.

Poo, S.-S.

L. Zhang, S.-S. Poo, “Delay constraint dynamic bandwidth allocation in upstream Ethernet passive optical network,” in Ninth Int. Conf. on Communications Systems (ICCS 2004), Singapore, Sept. 7, 2004, pp. 126–130.
[Crossref]

Raja, M.

N. Ghani, A. Shami, C. Assi, M. Raja, “Intra-ONU bandwidth scheduling in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 683–685, Nov. 2004.
[Crossref]

Razavi, R.

Reisslein, M.

Scheutzow, M.

Shami, A.

X. Bai, A. Shami, C. Assi, “On the fairness of dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes in ethernet passive optical networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, pp. 2123–2135, July 2006.
[Crossref]

N. Ghani, A. Shami, C. Assi, M. Raja, “Intra-ONU bandwidth scheduling in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 683–685, Nov. 2004.
[Crossref]

Sherman, R.

M. S. Taqqu, W. Willinger, R. Sherman, “Proof of a fundamental result in self-similar traffic modeling,” Comp. Commun. Rev., vol. 27, pp. 5–23, Apr. 1997.
[Crossref]

Shyu, Z.-D.

I.-S. Hwang, Z.-D. Shyu, L.-Y. Ke, C.-C. Chang, “A novel early DBA mechanism with prediction-based fair excessive bandwidth allocation scheme in EPON,” Comput. Commun., vol. 31, pp. 1814–1823, June 2008.
[Crossref]

Singhaland, N. K.

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhaland, B. Mukherjee, S. Dizit, Y. Ye, “Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun, vol. 22, pp. 1497–1513, Oct. 2004.
[Crossref]

Skubic, B.

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, L. Wosinska, B. Mukherjee, “A comparison of dynamic bandwidth allocation for EPON, GPON, and next generation TDM PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, pp. S40–S48, March 2009.
[Crossref]

Sugeno, M.

T. Takagi, M. Sugeno, “Fuzzy identification of systems and its applications to modeling and control,” IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern., vol. 15, pp. 116–132, Jan.–Feb. 1985.
[Crossref]

Takagi, T.

T. Takagi, M. Sugeno, “Fuzzy identification of systems and its applications to modeling and control,” IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern., vol. 15, pp. 116–132, Jan.–Feb. 1985.
[Crossref]

Taqqu, M. S.

M. S. Taqqu, W. Willinger, R. Sherman, “Proof of a fundamental result in self-similar traffic modeling,” Comp. Commun. Rev., vol. 27, pp. 5–23, Apr. 1997.
[Crossref]

Verslegers, L.

Willinger, W.

M. S. Taqqu, W. Willinger, R. Sherman, “Proof of a fundamental result in self-similar traffic modeling,” Comp. Commun. Rev., vol. 27, pp. 5–23, Apr. 1997.
[Crossref]

Wosinska, L.

J. Chen, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, “Joint bandwidth scheduling to support differentiated services and multiple service providers in 1 G and 10 G EPONs,” J. Opt. Netw, vol. 4, pp. 343–351, Sept. 2009.
[Crossref]

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, L. Wosinska, B. Mukherjee, “A comparison of dynamic bandwidth allocation for EPON, GPON, and next generation TDM PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, pp. S40–S48, March 2009.
[Crossref]

Xiaomei, F.

L. Min, F. Xiaomei, C. Yu, D. Fulei, “New dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for Ethernet PON,” in 8th Int. Conf. on Electronic Measurement and Instruments 2007, Xi'an, China, Aug. 16–18, 2007, pp. 3-224–3-227.

Xiong, H.

Yang, K.

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. Guild, H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 27, pp. 101–116, Feb. 2009.
[Crossref]

Ye, Y.

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhaland, B. Mukherjee, S. Dizit, Y. Ye, “Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun, vol. 22, pp. 1497–1513, Oct. 2004.
[Crossref]

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, pp. 1467–1477, Nov. 2003.
[Crossref]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, R. Hirth, “Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 1, pp. 280–298, Aug. 2002.

Yoo, J.-H.

B. Park, A. Hwang, J.-H. Yoo, “Enhanced dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” ETRI J., vol. 30, pp. 301–307, Apr. 2008.
[Crossref]

Yu, C.

L. Min, F. Xiaomei, C. Yu, D. Fulei, “New dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for Ethernet PON,” in 8th Int. Conf. on Electronic Measurement and Instruments 2007, Xi'an, China, Aug. 16–18, 2007, pp. 3-224–3-227.

Zahr, S. A.

S. A. Zahr, M. Gagnaire, “An analytical model of the IEEE 802.3ah MAC protocol for EPON-based access systems,” Telecom Paris, l’Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications—Paris, May 2006. Available: http://www.telecom-paristech.fr/_data/files/docs/id_594_1149772769_271.pdf.

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, S.-S. Poo, “Delay constraint dynamic bandwidth allocation in upstream Ethernet passive optical network,” in Ninth Int. Conf. on Communications Systems (ICCS 2004), Singapore, Sept. 7, 2004, pp. 126–130.
[Crossref]

Zheng, J.

J. Zheng, H. T. Mouftah, “A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms for Ethernet Passive Optical Networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, pp. 151–162, July 2009.
[Crossref]

Comp. Commun. Rev. (1)

M. S. Taqqu, W. Willinger, R. Sherman, “Proof of a fundamental result in self-similar traffic modeling,” Comp. Commun. Rev., vol. 27, pp. 5–23, Apr. 1997.
[Crossref]

Comput. Commun. (2)

I.-S. Hwang, Z.-D. Shyu, L.-Y. Ke, C.-C. Chang, “A novel early DBA mechanism with prediction-based fair excessive bandwidth allocation scheme in EPON,” Comput. Commun., vol. 31, pp. 1814–1823, June 2008.
[Crossref]

X. Bai, A. Shami, C. Assi, “On the fairness of dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes in ethernet passive optical networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, pp. 2123–2135, July 2006.
[Crossref]

ETRI J. (3)

B. Park, A. Hwang, J.-H. Yoo, “Enhanced dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in Ethernet passive optical networks,” ETRI J., vol. 30, pp. 301–307, Apr. 2008.
[Crossref]

S. I. Choi, J. D. Huh, “I.Dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for multimedia services over Ethernet PONs,” ETRI J., vol. 24, pp. 465–468, Dec. 2002.
[Crossref]

K.-H. Ahn, K.-E. Han, Y.-C. Kim, “Hierarchical dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for multimedia services over Ethernet PONs,” ETRI J., vol. 26, pp. 321–331, Aug. 2004.
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

N. Ghani, A. Shami, C. Assi, M. Raja, “Intra-ONU bandwidth scheduling in Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 683–685, Nov. 2004.
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, “IPACT a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, pp. 74–80, Feb. 2002.
[Crossref]

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, L. Wosinska, B. Mukherjee, “A comparison of dynamic bandwidth allocation for EPON, GPON, and next generation TDM PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, pp. S40–S48, March 2009.
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun (1)

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. K. Singhaland, B. Mukherjee, S. Dizit, Y. Ye, “Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): a cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun, vol. 22, pp. 1497–1513, Oct. 2004.
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (2)

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. Guild, H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 27, pp. 101–116, Feb. 2009.
[Crossref]

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, pp. 1467–1477, Nov. 2003.
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. (1)

T. Takagi, M. Sugeno, “Fuzzy identification of systems and its applications to modeling and control,” IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern., vol. 15, pp. 116–132, Jan.–Feb. 1985.
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Netw (1)

J. Chen, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, “Joint bandwidth scheduling to support differentiated services and multiple service providers in 1 G and 10 G EPONs,” J. Opt. Netw, vol. 4, pp. 343–351, Sept. 2009.
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Netw. (6)

Opt. Switching Networking (1)

J. Zheng, H. T. Mouftah, “A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms for Ethernet Passive Optical Networks,” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, pp. 151–162, July 2009.
[Crossref]

Photonic Network Commun. (1)

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, “Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): a dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, pp. 89–107, Jan. 2002.
[Crossref]

Other (8)

S. Hussain, X. Fernando, “EPON: an extensive review for up-to-date dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes,” in Canadian Conf. on Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2008, Niagara Falls, ON, Canada, May 4–7, 2008, pp. 000511–000516.

S. A. Zahr, M. Gagnaire, “An analytical model of the IEEE 802.3ah MAC protocol for EPON-based access systems,” Telecom Paris, l’Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications—Paris, May 2006. Available: http://www.telecom-paristech.fr/_data/files/docs/id_594_1149772769_271.pdf.

M. R. Jason, R. Ferguson, M. P. McGarry, “When are online and offline excess bandwidth distribution useful in EPONs?” Proc. ICST Third Int. Conf. on Access Networks, Las Vegas, NV, Oct. 15–17, 2008, pp. 50–59.

C. Lam, Passive Optical Networks: Principles and Practice, Burlington, MA: Academic, 2007.

L. Zhang, S.-S. Poo, “Delay constraint dynamic bandwidth allocation in upstream Ethernet passive optical network,” in Ninth Int. Conf. on Communications Systems (ICCS 2004), Singapore, Sept. 7, 2004, pp. 126–130.
[Crossref]

L. Min, F. Xiaomei, C. Yu, D. Fulei, “New dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for Ethernet PON,” in 8th Int. Conf. on Electronic Measurement and Instruments 2007, Xi'an, China, Aug. 16–18, 2007, pp. 3-224–3-227.

S.-H. Jang, J.-M. Kim, J.-W. Jang, “Performance evaluation of new DBA algorithm supporting fairness for EPON,” in 2004 IEEE Region 10 Conf. TENCON 2004, Nov. 21–24, 2004, vol. 3, pp. 29–32.
[Crossref]

R. Jain, A. Durressi, G. Babic, “Throughput fairness index: an explanation,” ATM Forum Contribution, 1999. Available: http://www.cse.wustl.edu/~jain/atmf/ftp/af_fair.pdf.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Flowchart for allocation within ONU.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fuzzy logic regulator block diagram.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Membership function for (a) rEF, (b) rAF, and (c) rBE.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output singletons based on Sugeno’s method.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Throughput versus offered load in every variation for both the IFLDBA and BP algorithms.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Improved percentage versus offered load for the IFLDBA algorithm over the BP algorithm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Fairness index versus offered load for both the IFLDBA and BP algorithms.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Packet delay versus offered load between the IFLDBA and BP algorithms for (a) EF traffic, (b) AF traffic, and (c) BE traffic.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Fuzzy Rules for the Fuzzy Regulator

Tables Icon

Table 2 Relationship Between Weighted Average (WA) With Allocation Decision for the Fuzzy Regulator

Tables Icon

Table 3 Simulation Parameters

Equations (19)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

W max = ( T max N B g ) R T ,
W min = ( T min N B g ) R T .
W 1 = R 1 ,
W 2 = { R 2 R 2 N W i , min 1.5 W max R 2 > N W i , min } .
W 3 = { R 3 R 3 N W i , min N W max G c 1 G c 2 N c 3 R 3 > N W i , min } ,
B min = W max T max .
B max = W max N B g + W max R T .
B i = { R i R i B i , min R i + B i , excess R i > B i , min } ,
B i , excess = R i k K R k B total , excess ,
B total , excess = l M ( B l , min R l ) ,
B i , n + 1 AF = B avail [ S i AF S i AF + S i BE ] .
B i , n + 1 EF = R total [ S i EF S i EF + S i AF ] .
WA = [ μ ( k 1 ) k 1 + μ ( k 2 ) k 2 + μ ( k 3 ) k 3 ] [ k 1 + k 2 + k 3 ] ,
d = d poll + d grant + d queue ,
d poll = T 2 .
d grant = T [ q W i , p W max ] ,
d queue = { q R T q W i , p ( q W I , P ) mod W max R T q > W i , p } .
P = ( AvBw IFLDBA utilized AvBw BP utilized ) AvBw IFLDBA utilized ,
f = ( i = 1 N x i ) 2 N ( i = 1 N x i 2 ) 2 ,