Abstract

Future optical metropolitan area networks (MANs) have been expected to exploit advanced optical packet switching (OPS) technologies to cost-effectively satisfy a wide range of applications having time-varying and high bandwidth demands and stringent delay requirements. In this paper, we present the architecture and access control of our experimental high-performance OPS metro WDM slotted-ring network (HOPSMAN). HOPSMAN has a scalable architecture in which the node number is unconstrained by the wavelength number. It encompasses a handful of nodes (called server nodes) that are additionally equipped with optical slot erasers capable of erasing optical slots resulting in an increase in bandwidth efficiency. In essence, HOPSMAN is governed by a novel medium access control (MAC) scheme, called probabilistic quota plus credit (PQOC). PQOC embodies a highly efficient and fair bandwidth allocation in accordance with a quota being exerted probabilistically. The probabilistic quota is then analytically derived taking the server-node number and destination-traffic distribution into account. Besides, PQOC introduces a time-controlled credit for regulating a fair use of the remaining bandwidth, particularly in the metro environment with traffic of high burstiness. Extensive simulation results show that HOPSMAN with PQOC achieves exceptional delay-throughput performance under a wide range of traffic loads and burstiness.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Mukherjee, “WDM optical communication networks: progess and challenges,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1810–1824, Oct. 2000.
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Herzog, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, “Metropolitan area packet-switched WDM networks: a survey on ring systems,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 2–20, 2004.
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Yao, S. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, “All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: opportunities and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 142–148, Mar. 2001.
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Yuang, Y. Lin, S. S. W. Lee, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, C. Chien, J. Chen, C. Wei, “HOPSMAN: an experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb∕s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 158–166, July 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. White, M. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, L. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: a next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1478–1494, Nov. 2003.
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Carena, V. Feo, J. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1561–1571, Oct. 2004.
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Marsan, A. Bianco, E. Leonardi, A. Morabito, F. Neri, “All-optical WDM multi-rings with differentiated QoS,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 58–66, Feb. 1999.
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Develder, A. Stavdas, A. Bianco, D. Careglio, H. Lønsethagen, J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, R. Van Caenegem, S. Sygletos, F. Neri, J. Solé-Pareta, N. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, P. Demeester, “Benchmarking and viability assessment of optical packet switching for metro networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2435–2451, Nov. 2004.
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2008 (1)

M. Yuang, Y. Lin, S. S. W. Lee, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, C. Chien, J. Chen, C. Wei, “HOPSMAN: an experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb∕s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 158–166, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (5)

C. Linardakis, H. Leligou, A. Stavdas, J. Angelopoulos, “Implementation of medium access control for interconnecting slotted rings to form a WDM metropolitan area network,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 826–836, Nov. 2004.
[CrossRef]

C. Develder, A. Stavdas, A. Bianco, D. Careglio, H. Lønsethagen, J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, R. Van Caenegem, S. Sygletos, F. Neri, J. Solé-Pareta, N. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, P. Demeester, “Benchmarking and viability assessment of optical packet switching for metro networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2435–2451, Nov. 2004.
[CrossRef]

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 Resilient Packet Ring Tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 112–118, Mar. 2004.
[CrossRef]

M. Herzog, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, “Metropolitan area packet-switched WDM networks: a survey on ring systems,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 2–20, 2004.
[CrossRef]

A. Carena, V. Feo, J. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1561–1571, Oct. 2004.
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

I. White, M. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, L. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: a next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1478–1494, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

C. Jelger, J. Elmirghani, “A slotted MAC protocol for efficient bandwidth utilization in WDM metropolitan access ring networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1295–1305, Oct. 2003.
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Yao, S. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, “All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: opportunities and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 142–148, Mar. 2001.
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

B. Mukherjee, “WDM optical communication networks: progess and challenges,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1810–1824, Oct. 2000.
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Marsan, A. Bianco, E. Leonardi, A. Morabito, F. Neri, “All-optical WDM multi-rings with differentiated QoS,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 58–66, Feb. 1999.
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

K. Imai, T. Ito, H. Kasahara, N. Morita, “ATMR: asynchronous transfer mode ring protocol,” Comput. Networks ISDN Syst, vol. 26, no. 6–8, pp. 785–798, March 1994.
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

I. Cidon, Y. Ofek, “MetaRing—a full-duplex ring with fairness and spatial reuse,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 969–981, Jan. 1993.
[CrossRef]

W. Fischer, K. Meier-Hellstern, “The Markov-modulated Poisson process (MMPP) cookbook,” Perform. Eval., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 149–171, Sept. 1993.
[CrossRef]

Angelopoulos, J.

Bianco, A.

Careglio, D.

Carena, A.

A. Carena, V. Feo, J. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1561–1571, Oct. 2004.
[CrossRef]

Chao, I.

M. Yuang, Y. Lin, S. S. W. Lee, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, C. Chien, J. Chen, C. Wei, “HOPSMAN: an experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb∕s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 158–166, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

M. Yuang, Y. Lin, S. S. W. Lee, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, C. Chien, J. Chen, C. Wei, “HOPSMAN: an experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb∕s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 158–166, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

Chien, C.

M. Yuang, Y. Lin, S. S. W. Lee, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, C. Chien, J. Chen, C. Wei, “HOPSMAN: an experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb∕s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 158–166, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

Cho, J.

Cidon, I.

I. Cidon, Y. Ofek, “MetaRing—a full-duplex ring with fairness and spatial reuse,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 969–981, Jan. 1993.
[CrossRef]

Das, S.

Davik, F.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 Resilient Packet Ring Tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 112–118, Mar. 2004.
[CrossRef]

Demeester, P.

Develder, C.

Dixit, S.

S. Yao, S. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, “All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: opportunities and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 142–148, Mar. 2001.
[CrossRef]

Elmirghani, J.

C. Jelger, J. Elmirghani, “A slotted MAC protocol for efficient bandwidth utilization in WDM metropolitan access ring networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1295–1305, Oct. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Feo, V.

A. Carena, V. Feo, J. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1561–1571, Oct. 2004.
[CrossRef]

Fernández-Palacios Giménez, J. P.

Finochietto, J.

A. Carena, V. Feo, J. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1561–1571, Oct. 2004.
[CrossRef]

Fischer, W.

W. Fischer, K. Meier-Hellstern, “The Markov-modulated Poisson process (MMPP) cookbook,” Perform. Eval., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 149–171, Sept. 1993.
[CrossRef]

Gaudino, R.

A. Carena, V. Feo, J. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1561–1571, Oct. 2004.
[CrossRef]

Gjessing, S.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 Resilient Packet Ring Tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 112–118, Mar. 2004.
[CrossRef]

Gutierrez, D.

Hamada, T.

Herzog, M.

M. Herzog, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, “Metropolitan area packet-switched WDM networks: a survey on ring systems,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 2–20, 2004.
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.

C. Huang, H. Peng, F. Yuan, “A deterministic bound for the access delay of resilient packet rings,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 87–89, Jan. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Imai, K.

K. Imai, T. Ito, H. Kasahara, N. Morita, “ATMR: asynchronous transfer mode ring protocol,” Comput. Networks ISDN Syst, vol. 26, no. 6–8, pp. 785–798, March 1994.
[CrossRef]

Ito, T.

K. Imai, T. Ito, H. Kasahara, N. Morita, “ATMR: asynchronous transfer mode ring protocol,” Comput. Networks ISDN Syst, vol. 26, no. 6–8, pp. 785–798, March 1994.
[CrossRef]

Jain, M.

Jelger, C.

C. Jelger, J. Elmirghani, “A slotted MAC protocol for efficient bandwidth utilization in WDM metropolitan access ring networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1295–1305, Oct. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Kasahara, H.

K. Imai, T. Ito, H. Kasahara, N. Morita, “ATMR: asynchronous transfer mode ring protocol,” Comput. Networks ISDN Syst, vol. 26, no. 6–8, pp. 785–798, March 1994.
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L.

J. Kim, J. Cho, S. Das, D. Gutierrez, M. Jain, C. Su, R. Rabbat, T. Hamada, L. Kazovsky, “Optical burst transport: a technology for the WDM metro ring networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 93–102, Jan. 2007.
[CrossRef]

I. White, M. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, L. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: a next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1478–1494, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

Le Sauze, N.

Lee, S. S. W.

M. Yuang, Y. Lin, S. S. W. Lee, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, C. Chien, J. Chen, C. Wei, “HOPSMAN: an experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb∕s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 158–166, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

Leligou, H.

Leonardi, E.

M. Marsan, A. Bianco, E. Leonardi, A. Morabito, F. Neri, “All-optical WDM multi-rings with differentiated QoS,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 58–66, Feb. 1999.
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.

M. Yuang, Y. Lin, S. S. W. Lee, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, C. Chien, J. Chen, C. Wei, “HOPSMAN: an experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb∕s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 158–166, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

Linardakis, C.

Lo, B.

M. Yuang, Y. Lin, S. S. W. Lee, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, C. Chien, J. Chen, C. Wei, “HOPSMAN: an experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb∕s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 158–166, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

Lønsethagen, H.

Maier, M.

M. Herzog, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, “Metropolitan area packet-switched WDM networks: a survey on ring systems,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 2–20, 2004.
[CrossRef]

Marsan, M.

M. Marsan, A. Bianco, E. Leonardi, A. Morabito, F. Neri, “All-optical WDM multi-rings with differentiated QoS,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 58–66, Feb. 1999.
[CrossRef]

Meier-Hellstern, K.

W. Fischer, K. Meier-Hellstern, “The Markov-modulated Poisson process (MMPP) cookbook,” Perform. Eval., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 149–171, Sept. 1993.
[CrossRef]

Morabito, A.

M. Marsan, A. Bianco, E. Leonardi, A. Morabito, F. Neri, “All-optical WDM multi-rings with differentiated QoS,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 58–66, Feb. 1999.
[CrossRef]

Morita, N.

K. Imai, T. Ito, H. Kasahara, N. Morita, “ATMR: asynchronous transfer mode ring protocol,” Comput. Networks ISDN Syst, vol. 26, no. 6–8, pp. 785–798, March 1994.
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, B.

S. Yao, S. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, “All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: opportunities and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 142–148, Mar. 2001.
[CrossRef]

B. Mukherjee, “WDM optical communication networks: progess and challenges,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1810–1824, Oct. 2000.
[CrossRef]

Neri, F.

A. Carena, V. Feo, J. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1561–1571, Oct. 2004.
[CrossRef]

C. Develder, A. Stavdas, A. Bianco, D. Careglio, H. Lønsethagen, J. P. Fernández-Palacios Giménez, R. Van Caenegem, S. Sygletos, F. Neri, J. Solé-Pareta, N. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, P. Demeester, “Benchmarking and viability assessment of optical packet switching for metro networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2435–2451, Nov. 2004.
[CrossRef]

M. Marsan, A. Bianco, E. Leonardi, A. Morabito, F. Neri, “All-optical WDM multi-rings with differentiated QoS,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 58–66, Feb. 1999.
[CrossRef]

Ofek, Y.

I. Cidon, Y. Ofek, “MetaRing—a full-duplex ring with fairness and spatial reuse,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 969–981, Jan. 1993.
[CrossRef]

Peng, H.

C. Huang, H. Peng, F. Yuan, “A deterministic bound for the access delay of resilient packet rings,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 87–89, Jan. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Pickavet, N.

Piglione, C.

A. Carena, V. Feo, J. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1561–1571, Oct. 2004.
[CrossRef]

Poggiolini, P.

A. Carena, V. Feo, J. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione, P. Poggiolini, “RingO: an experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1561–1571, Oct. 2004.
[CrossRef]

Rabbat, R.

Reisslein, M.

M. Herzog, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, “Metropolitan area packet-switched WDM networks: a survey on ring systems,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 2–20, 2004.
[CrossRef]

Rogge, M.

I. White, M. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, L. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: a next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1478–1494, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Shrikhande, K.

I. White, M. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, L. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: a next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1478–1494, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Solé-Pareta, J.

Stavdas, A.

Su, C.

Sygletos, S.

Tien, P.

M. Yuang, Y. Lin, S. S. W. Lee, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, C. Chien, J. Chen, C. Wei, “HOPSMAN: an experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb∕s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 158–166, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

Uzun, N.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 Resilient Packet Ring Tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 112–118, Mar. 2004.
[CrossRef]

Van Caenegem, R.

Wei, C.

M. Yuang, Y. Lin, S. S. W. Lee, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, C. Chien, J. Chen, C. Wei, “HOPSMAN: an experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb∕s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 158–166, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

White, I.

I. White, M. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, L. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: a next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1478–1494, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Yao, S.

S. Yao, S. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, “All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: opportunities and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 142–148, Mar. 2001.
[CrossRef]

Yilmaz, M.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 Resilient Packet Ring Tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 112–118, Mar. 2004.
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S.

S. Yao, S. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, “All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: opportunities and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 142–148, Mar. 2001.
[CrossRef]

Yuan, F.

C. Huang, H. Peng, F. Yuan, “A deterministic bound for the access delay of resilient packet rings,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 87–89, Jan. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Yuang, M.

M. Yuang, Y. Lin, S. S. W. Lee, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, C. Chien, J. Chen, C. Wei, “HOPSMAN: an experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb∕s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 158–166, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

Comput. Networks ISDN Syst (1)

K. Imai, T. Ito, H. Kasahara, N. Morita, “ATMR: asynchronous transfer mode ring protocol,” Comput. Networks ISDN Syst, vol. 26, no. 6–8, pp. 785–798, March 1994.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

C. Huang, H. Peng, F. Yuan, “A deterministic bound for the access delay of resilient packet rings,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 87–89, Jan. 2005.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (4)

M. Marsan, A. Bianco, E. Leonardi, A. Morabito, F. Neri, “All-optical WDM multi-rings with differentiated QoS,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 58–66, Feb. 1999.
[CrossRef]

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing, N. Uzun, “IEEE 802.17 Resilient Packet Ring Tutorial,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 112–118, Mar. 2004.
[CrossRef]

S. Yao, S. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, “All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: opportunities and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 142–148, Mar. 2001.
[CrossRef]

M. Yuang, Y. Lin, S. S. W. Lee, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, C. Chien, J. Chen, C. Wei, “HOPSMAN: an experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb∕s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 158–166, July 2008.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials (1)

M. Herzog, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, “Metropolitan area packet-switched WDM networks: a survey on ring systems,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 2–20, 2004.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (4)

B. Mukherjee, “WDM optical communication networks: progess and challenges,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1810–1824, Oct. 2000.
[CrossRef]

I. White, M. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, L. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: a next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1478–1494, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

HOPSMAN: network architecture.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

HOPSMAN node architecture.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Cycle and slot structures.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Detailed PQOC algorithm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Analytic and simulation results on system throughput under different S-node numbers.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Throughput and delay performance of HOPSMAN.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Credit window size under various burstiness.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Credit impact on delay for network with malicious nodes (nodes 5 and 15).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Impact of probabilistic exertion of quota under various loads and burstiness.

Equations (7)

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AB b ¯ = C W k = 1 S { Q k N k ( p A N k 2 N + U k ) } ,
U k = { m = b k 1 ( p S S + p A N m N ) , if b k S m = b S ( p S S + p A N m N ) + n = 1 k 1 ( p S S + p A N n N ) , if 1 k < b } .
AB ¯ = C W k = 1 S { Q N S ( p A 2 S + k 1 S ) } ,
Q = C W N ( 2 S S p S + 2 ) .
P Q = min ( Q C , n p queue C ) .
T I = L Q C W N = L ( 2 S S p S + 2 ) .
T max S = 2 S S p S + 2 .