Abstract

The provision of service differentiation is an important aspect that has to be considered for the definition of next-generation networks due to the high heterogeneity of the traffic that will dominate networks in the near future. This is particularly important in the context of optical burst switching, which is emerging as one of the strong candidate technologies for the next-generation optical Internet. Preemptive contention resolution schemes are very effective solutions for providing service differentiation in such networks; however, they cannot be applied together with the just-in-time signaling protocol because of the great loss in efficiency in terms of wavelength utilization and maximum achieved throughput that results when the number of preemptions becomes too large. This paper presents a preemption-based service differentiation solution that is suitable for the just-in-time optical burst switching paradigm because it keeps the preemption probability (i.e., the probability of observing a preemption when a contention occurs) low. Within the proposed technique, bursts are created at their ingress node and combined into chains, arranging them in order of decreasing priority. Then, a conventional preemption scheme is adopted at core nodes to handle contentions. An analytical study is presented and some traffic scenarios are analyzed by simulation to evaluate the performance of the proposed method.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Qiao, M. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)—a new paradigm for an optical Internet,” J. High Speed Netw., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 69–84, Jan. 1999.
  2. C. Qiao, “Labeled optical burst switching for IP-over-WDM integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 104–114, Sept. 2000.
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Chen, C. Qiao, X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, May 2004.
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. S. Turner, “Terabit burst switching,” J. High Speed Netw., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 3–16, 1999.
  5. K. Dolzer, C. Gauger, J. Spath, S. Bodamer, “Evaluation of reservation mechanisms for optical burst switching,” AEU, Int. J. Electron. Commun., vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 18–26, 2001.
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Kim, Y. Cho, J. Lee, Y. Choi, D. Montgomery, “Performance of optical burst switching techniques in multi-hop networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Taipei, Taiwan, 2002, pp. 2772–2776.
  7. A. Detti, V. Eramo, M. Listanti, “Performance evaluation of a new technique for IP support in a WDM optical network: optical composite burst switching (OCBS),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 154–165, Feb. 2002.
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Sahara, K. Shimano, K. Noguchi, M. Koga, Y. Takigawa, “Demonstration of optical burst data switching using photonic MPLS routers operated by GMPLS signaling,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Optical Fiber Communications (OFC), Atlanta, GA, 2003, pp. 220–222.
  9. R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective. Morgan Kaufmann: San Francisco, CA, 2002.
  10. B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, S. Ramamurthy, A. Mukherjee, “Some principles for designing a wide-area WDM optical network,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 4, pp. 684–696, Oct. 1996.
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Y. Wei, J. L. Pastor, R. S. Ramamurthy, Y. Tsai, “Just-in-time optical burst switching for multi-wavelength networks,” in Proc. IFIP Int. Conf. on Broadband Communications (BC), Hong Kong, China, 1999, pp. 339–352.
  12. J. Y. Wei, R. I. McFarland, “Just-in-time signaling for WDM optical burst switching networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2019–2037, Dec. 2000.
    [CrossRef]
  13. I. Baldine, M. Cassada, A. Bragg, G. Karmous-Edwards, D. Stevenson, “Just-in-time optical burst switching implementation in the ATDnet all-optical networking testbed,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003, pp. 2777–2781.
  14. M. Yoo, M. Jeong, C. Qiao, “A high-speed protocol for bursty traffic in optical networks,” in Proc. SPIE Int. Conf. on All-Optical Networking: Architecture, Control and Management Issues, Boston, MA, 1997, pp. 79–90.
  15. C. Qiao, M. Yoo, “Choices, features and issues in optical burst switching,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 36–44, Apr. 2000.
  16. J. Teng, G. N. Rouskas, “A comparison of the JIT, JET, and Horizon wavelength reservation schemes on a single OBS node,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Workshop on Optical Burst Switching (WOBS), Dallas, TX, 2003.
  17. V. M. Vokkarane, J. P. Jue, “Prioritized routing and burst segmentation for QoS in optical burst-switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Optical Fiber Communications (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2002, pp. 221–222.
  18. L. Yang, Y. Jiang, S. Jiang, “A probabilistic preemptive scheme for providing service differentiation in OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003, pp. 2689–2693.
  19. T. Orawiwattanakul, J. Yusheng, “Analysis of probabilistic preemption-based mechanism for QoS provision in OBS networks,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Information Networking (ICOIN 2009), Chiang Mai, Thailand, 2009.
  20. H. C. Cankaya, S. Charcranoon, T. S. El-Bawab, “A preemptive scheduling technique for OBS networks with service differentiation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003.
  21. J. Phuritatkul, Y. Ji, “Resource allocation algorithms for controllable service differentiation in optical burst switching networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. I.E88-B, no. 4, pp. 1424–1431, 2005.
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Phuritatkul, Y. Ji, “Buffer and bandwidth allocation algorithms for quality of service provisioning in WDM optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on High Speed Networks and Multimedia Communications (HSNMC), Toulouse, France, 2004, pp. 912–920.
  23. J. Phuritatkul, Y. Ji, Y. Zhang, “Blocking probability of a preemption-based bandwidth-allocation scheme for service differentiation in OBS networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 2986–2993, Aug. 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  24. V. M. Vokkarane, Q. Zhang, J. P. Jue, B. Chen, “Generalized burst assembly and scheduling techniques for QoS support in optical burst-switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Taipei, Taiwan, 2002, pp. 2747–2751.
  25. M. Yoo, C. Qiao, S. Dixit, “QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2062–2071, Oct. 2000.
    [CrossRef]
  26. Y. Chen, M. Hamdi, D. H. K. Tsang, C. Qiao, “Proportional QoS over OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Antonio, TX, 2001, pp. 1510–1514.
  27. T. Tachibana, S. Kasahara, “Burst cluster transmission: service differentiation mechanism for immediate reservation in optical burst switching networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 46–55, May 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  28. G. Marchetto, “Minimizing preemption probability to efficiently support service differentiation in just-in-time based OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Beijing, China, 2008, pp. 5219–5223.
  29. T. Tachibana, M. Ueda, S. Kasahara, “A preemptive scheme with two-way release message transmission in optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Dallas, TX, 2004, pp. 1994–1998.
  30. X. Yu, Y. Chen, C. Qiao, “A study of traffic statistics of assembled burst traffic in optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Optical Networking and Communications (OPTICOMM), Boston, MA, 2002.
  31. S. Oh, H. H. Hong, M. Kang, “A data burst assembly algorithm in optical burst switching networks,” ETRI J., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 311–322, Aug. 2002.
    [CrossRef]
  32. Z. Rosberg, H. L. Vu, M. Zukerman, J. White, “Performance analyses of optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1187–1197, Sept. 2003.
    [CrossRef]

2006

J. Phuritatkul, Y. Ji, Y. Zhang, “Blocking probability of a preemption-based bandwidth-allocation scheme for service differentiation in OBS networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 2986–2993, Aug. 2006.
[CrossRef]

T. Tachibana, S. Kasahara, “Burst cluster transmission: service differentiation mechanism for immediate reservation in optical burst switching networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 46–55, May 2006.
[CrossRef]

2005

J. Phuritatkul, Y. Ji, “Resource allocation algorithms for controllable service differentiation in optical burst switching networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. I.E88-B, no. 4, pp. 1424–1431, 2005.
[CrossRef]

2004

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, May 2004.
[CrossRef]

2003

Z. Rosberg, H. L. Vu, M. Zukerman, J. White, “Performance analyses of optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1187–1197, Sept. 2003.
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

K. Dolzer, C. Gauger, J. Spath, S. Bodamer, “Evaluation of reservation mechanisms for optical burst switching,” AEU, Int. J. Electron. Commun., vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 18–26, 2001.
[CrossRef]

2000

M. Yoo, C. Qiao, S. Dixit, “QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2062–2071, Oct. 2000.
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Wei, R. I. McFarland, “Just-in-time signaling for WDM optical burst switching networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2019–2037, Dec. 2000.
[CrossRef]

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, “Choices, features and issues in optical burst switching,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 36–44, Apr. 2000.

C. Qiao, “Labeled optical burst switching for IP-over-WDM integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 104–114, Sept. 2000.
[CrossRef]

1999

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)—a new paradigm for an optical Internet,” J. High Speed Netw., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 69–84, Jan. 1999.

J. S. Turner, “Terabit burst switching,” J. High Speed Netw., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 3–16, 1999.

1996

B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, S. Ramamurthy, A. Mukherjee, “Some principles for designing a wide-area WDM optical network,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 4, pp. 684–696, Oct. 1996.
[CrossRef]

Baldine, I.

I. Baldine, M. Cassada, A. Bragg, G. Karmous-Edwards, D. Stevenson, “Just-in-time optical burst switching implementation in the ATDnet all-optical networking testbed,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003, pp. 2777–2781.

Banerjee, D.

B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, S. Ramamurthy, A. Mukherjee, “Some principles for designing a wide-area WDM optical network,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 4, pp. 684–696, Oct. 1996.
[CrossRef]

Bodamer, S.

K. Dolzer, C. Gauger, J. Spath, S. Bodamer, “Evaluation of reservation mechanisms for optical burst switching,” AEU, Int. J. Electron. Commun., vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 18–26, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Bragg, A.

I. Baldine, M. Cassada, A. Bragg, G. Karmous-Edwards, D. Stevenson, “Just-in-time optical burst switching implementation in the ATDnet all-optical networking testbed,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003, pp. 2777–2781.

Cankaya, H. C.

H. C. Cankaya, S. Charcranoon, T. S. El-Bawab, “A preemptive scheduling technique for OBS networks with service differentiation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003.

Cassada, M.

I. Baldine, M. Cassada, A. Bragg, G. Karmous-Edwards, D. Stevenson, “Just-in-time optical burst switching implementation in the ATDnet all-optical networking testbed,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003, pp. 2777–2781.

Charcranoon, S.

H. C. Cankaya, S. Charcranoon, T. S. El-Bawab, “A preemptive scheduling technique for OBS networks with service differentiation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003.

Chen, B.

V. M. Vokkarane, Q. Zhang, J. P. Jue, B. Chen, “Generalized burst assembly and scheduling techniques for QoS support in optical burst-switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Taipei, Taiwan, 2002, pp. 2747–2751.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, May 2004.
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, M. Hamdi, D. H. K. Tsang, C. Qiao, “Proportional QoS over OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Antonio, TX, 2001, pp. 1510–1514.

X. Yu, Y. Chen, C. Qiao, “A study of traffic statistics of assembled burst traffic in optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Optical Networking and Communications (OPTICOMM), Boston, MA, 2002.

Cho, Y.

B. Kim, Y. Cho, J. Lee, Y. Choi, D. Montgomery, “Performance of optical burst switching techniques in multi-hop networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Taipei, Taiwan, 2002, pp. 2772–2776.

Choi, Y.

B. Kim, Y. Cho, J. Lee, Y. Choi, D. Montgomery, “Performance of optical burst switching techniques in multi-hop networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Taipei, Taiwan, 2002, pp. 2772–2776.

Detti, A.

Dixit, S.

M. Yoo, C. Qiao, S. Dixit, “QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2062–2071, Oct. 2000.
[CrossRef]

Dolzer, K.

K. Dolzer, C. Gauger, J. Spath, S. Bodamer, “Evaluation of reservation mechanisms for optical burst switching,” AEU, Int. J. Electron. Commun., vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 18–26, 2001.
[CrossRef]

El-Bawab, T. S.

H. C. Cankaya, S. Charcranoon, T. S. El-Bawab, “A preemptive scheduling technique for OBS networks with service differentiation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003.

Eramo, V.

Gauger, C.

K. Dolzer, C. Gauger, J. Spath, S. Bodamer, “Evaluation of reservation mechanisms for optical burst switching,” AEU, Int. J. Electron. Commun., vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 18–26, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Hamdi, M.

Y. Chen, M. Hamdi, D. H. K. Tsang, C. Qiao, “Proportional QoS over OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Antonio, TX, 2001, pp. 1510–1514.

Hong, H. H.

S. Oh, H. H. Hong, M. Kang, “A data burst assembly algorithm in optical burst switching networks,” ETRI J., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 311–322, Aug. 2002.
[CrossRef]

Jeong, M.

M. Yoo, M. Jeong, C. Qiao, “A high-speed protocol for bursty traffic in optical networks,” in Proc. SPIE Int. Conf. on All-Optical Networking: Architecture, Control and Management Issues, Boston, MA, 1997, pp. 79–90.

Ji, Y.

J. Phuritatkul, Y. Ji, Y. Zhang, “Blocking probability of a preemption-based bandwidth-allocation scheme for service differentiation in OBS networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 2986–2993, Aug. 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Phuritatkul, Y. Ji, “Resource allocation algorithms for controllable service differentiation in optical burst switching networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. I.E88-B, no. 4, pp. 1424–1431, 2005.
[CrossRef]

J. Phuritatkul, Y. Ji, “Buffer and bandwidth allocation algorithms for quality of service provisioning in WDM optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on High Speed Networks and Multimedia Communications (HSNMC), Toulouse, France, 2004, pp. 912–920.

Jiang, S.

L. Yang, Y. Jiang, S. Jiang, “A probabilistic preemptive scheme for providing service differentiation in OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003, pp. 2689–2693.

Jiang, Y.

L. Yang, Y. Jiang, S. Jiang, “A probabilistic preemptive scheme for providing service differentiation in OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003, pp. 2689–2693.

Jue, J. P.

V. M. Vokkarane, Q. Zhang, J. P. Jue, B. Chen, “Generalized burst assembly and scheduling techniques for QoS support in optical burst-switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Taipei, Taiwan, 2002, pp. 2747–2751.

V. M. Vokkarane, J. P. Jue, “Prioritized routing and burst segmentation for QoS in optical burst-switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Optical Fiber Communications (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2002, pp. 221–222.

Kang, M.

S. Oh, H. H. Hong, M. Kang, “A data burst assembly algorithm in optical burst switching networks,” ETRI J., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 311–322, Aug. 2002.
[CrossRef]

Karmous-Edwards, G.

I. Baldine, M. Cassada, A. Bragg, G. Karmous-Edwards, D. Stevenson, “Just-in-time optical burst switching implementation in the ATDnet all-optical networking testbed,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003, pp. 2777–2781.

Kasahara, S.

T. Tachibana, S. Kasahara, “Burst cluster transmission: service differentiation mechanism for immediate reservation in optical burst switching networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 46–55, May 2006.
[CrossRef]

T. Tachibana, M. Ueda, S. Kasahara, “A preemptive scheme with two-way release message transmission in optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Dallas, TX, 2004, pp. 1994–1998.

Kim, B.

B. Kim, Y. Cho, J. Lee, Y. Choi, D. Montgomery, “Performance of optical burst switching techniques in multi-hop networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Taipei, Taiwan, 2002, pp. 2772–2776.

Koga, M.

A. Sahara, K. Shimano, K. Noguchi, M. Koga, Y. Takigawa, “Demonstration of optical burst data switching using photonic MPLS routers operated by GMPLS signaling,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Optical Fiber Communications (OFC), Atlanta, GA, 2003, pp. 220–222.

Lee, J.

B. Kim, Y. Cho, J. Lee, Y. Choi, D. Montgomery, “Performance of optical burst switching techniques in multi-hop networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Taipei, Taiwan, 2002, pp. 2772–2776.

Listanti, M.

Marchetto, G.

G. Marchetto, “Minimizing preemption probability to efficiently support service differentiation in just-in-time based OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Beijing, China, 2008, pp. 5219–5223.

McFarland, R. I.

Montgomery, D.

B. Kim, Y. Cho, J. Lee, Y. Choi, D. Montgomery, “Performance of optical burst switching techniques in multi-hop networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Taipei, Taiwan, 2002, pp. 2772–2776.

Mukherjee, A.

B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, S. Ramamurthy, A. Mukherjee, “Some principles for designing a wide-area WDM optical network,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 4, pp. 684–696, Oct. 1996.
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, B.

B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, S. Ramamurthy, A. Mukherjee, “Some principles for designing a wide-area WDM optical network,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 4, pp. 684–696, Oct. 1996.
[CrossRef]

Noguchi, K.

A. Sahara, K. Shimano, K. Noguchi, M. Koga, Y. Takigawa, “Demonstration of optical burst data switching using photonic MPLS routers operated by GMPLS signaling,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Optical Fiber Communications (OFC), Atlanta, GA, 2003, pp. 220–222.

Oh, S.

S. Oh, H. H. Hong, M. Kang, “A data burst assembly algorithm in optical burst switching networks,” ETRI J., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 311–322, Aug. 2002.
[CrossRef]

Orawiwattanakul, T.

T. Orawiwattanakul, J. Yusheng, “Analysis of probabilistic preemption-based mechanism for QoS provision in OBS networks,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Information Networking (ICOIN 2009), Chiang Mai, Thailand, 2009.

Pastor, J. L.

J. Y. Wei, J. L. Pastor, R. S. Ramamurthy, Y. Tsai, “Just-in-time optical burst switching for multi-wavelength networks,” in Proc. IFIP Int. Conf. on Broadband Communications (BC), Hong Kong, China, 1999, pp. 339–352.

Phuritatkul, J.

J. Phuritatkul, Y. Ji, Y. Zhang, “Blocking probability of a preemption-based bandwidth-allocation scheme for service differentiation in OBS networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 2986–2993, Aug. 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Phuritatkul, Y. Ji, “Resource allocation algorithms for controllable service differentiation in optical burst switching networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. I.E88-B, no. 4, pp. 1424–1431, 2005.
[CrossRef]

J. Phuritatkul, Y. Ji, “Buffer and bandwidth allocation algorithms for quality of service provisioning in WDM optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on High Speed Networks and Multimedia Communications (HSNMC), Toulouse, France, 2004, pp. 912–920.

Qiao, C.

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, May 2004.
[CrossRef]

C. Qiao, “Labeled optical burst switching for IP-over-WDM integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 104–114, Sept. 2000.
[CrossRef]

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, “Choices, features and issues in optical burst switching,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 36–44, Apr. 2000.

M. Yoo, C. Qiao, S. Dixit, “QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2062–2071, Oct. 2000.
[CrossRef]

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)—a new paradigm for an optical Internet,” J. High Speed Netw., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 69–84, Jan. 1999.

M. Yoo, M. Jeong, C. Qiao, “A high-speed protocol for bursty traffic in optical networks,” in Proc. SPIE Int. Conf. on All-Optical Networking: Architecture, Control and Management Issues, Boston, MA, 1997, pp. 79–90.

Y. Chen, M. Hamdi, D. H. K. Tsang, C. Qiao, “Proportional QoS over OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Antonio, TX, 2001, pp. 1510–1514.

X. Yu, Y. Chen, C. Qiao, “A study of traffic statistics of assembled burst traffic in optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Optical Networking and Communications (OPTICOMM), Boston, MA, 2002.

Ramamurthy, R. S.

J. Y. Wei, J. L. Pastor, R. S. Ramamurthy, Y. Tsai, “Just-in-time optical burst switching for multi-wavelength networks,” in Proc. IFIP Int. Conf. on Broadband Communications (BC), Hong Kong, China, 1999, pp. 339–352.

Ramamurthy, S.

B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, S. Ramamurthy, A. Mukherjee, “Some principles for designing a wide-area WDM optical network,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 4, pp. 684–696, Oct. 1996.
[CrossRef]

Ramaswami, R.

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective. Morgan Kaufmann: San Francisco, CA, 2002.

Rosberg, Z.

Z. Rosberg, H. L. Vu, M. Zukerman, J. White, “Performance analyses of optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1187–1197, Sept. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Rouskas, G. N.

J. Teng, G. N. Rouskas, “A comparison of the JIT, JET, and Horizon wavelength reservation schemes on a single OBS node,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Workshop on Optical Burst Switching (WOBS), Dallas, TX, 2003.

Sahara, A.

A. Sahara, K. Shimano, K. Noguchi, M. Koga, Y. Takigawa, “Demonstration of optical burst data switching using photonic MPLS routers operated by GMPLS signaling,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Optical Fiber Communications (OFC), Atlanta, GA, 2003, pp. 220–222.

Shimano, K.

A. Sahara, K. Shimano, K. Noguchi, M. Koga, Y. Takigawa, “Demonstration of optical burst data switching using photonic MPLS routers operated by GMPLS signaling,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Optical Fiber Communications (OFC), Atlanta, GA, 2003, pp. 220–222.

Sivarajan, K. N.

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective. Morgan Kaufmann: San Francisco, CA, 2002.

Spath, J.

K. Dolzer, C. Gauger, J. Spath, S. Bodamer, “Evaluation of reservation mechanisms for optical burst switching,” AEU, Int. J. Electron. Commun., vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 18–26, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Stevenson, D.

I. Baldine, M. Cassada, A. Bragg, G. Karmous-Edwards, D. Stevenson, “Just-in-time optical burst switching implementation in the ATDnet all-optical networking testbed,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003, pp. 2777–2781.

Tachibana, T.

T. Tachibana, S. Kasahara, “Burst cluster transmission: service differentiation mechanism for immediate reservation in optical burst switching networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 46–55, May 2006.
[CrossRef]

T. Tachibana, M. Ueda, S. Kasahara, “A preemptive scheme with two-way release message transmission in optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Dallas, TX, 2004, pp. 1994–1998.

Takigawa, Y.

A. Sahara, K. Shimano, K. Noguchi, M. Koga, Y. Takigawa, “Demonstration of optical burst data switching using photonic MPLS routers operated by GMPLS signaling,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Optical Fiber Communications (OFC), Atlanta, GA, 2003, pp. 220–222.

Teng, J.

J. Teng, G. N. Rouskas, “A comparison of the JIT, JET, and Horizon wavelength reservation schemes on a single OBS node,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Workshop on Optical Burst Switching (WOBS), Dallas, TX, 2003.

Tsai, Y.

J. Y. Wei, J. L. Pastor, R. S. Ramamurthy, Y. Tsai, “Just-in-time optical burst switching for multi-wavelength networks,” in Proc. IFIP Int. Conf. on Broadband Communications (BC), Hong Kong, China, 1999, pp. 339–352.

Tsang, D. H. K.

Y. Chen, M. Hamdi, D. H. K. Tsang, C. Qiao, “Proportional QoS over OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Antonio, TX, 2001, pp. 1510–1514.

Turner, J. S.

J. S. Turner, “Terabit burst switching,” J. High Speed Netw., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 3–16, 1999.

Ueda, M.

T. Tachibana, M. Ueda, S. Kasahara, “A preemptive scheme with two-way release message transmission in optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Dallas, TX, 2004, pp. 1994–1998.

Vokkarane, V. M.

V. M. Vokkarane, J. P. Jue, “Prioritized routing and burst segmentation for QoS in optical burst-switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Optical Fiber Communications (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2002, pp. 221–222.

V. M. Vokkarane, Q. Zhang, J. P. Jue, B. Chen, “Generalized burst assembly and scheduling techniques for QoS support in optical burst-switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Taipei, Taiwan, 2002, pp. 2747–2751.

Vu, H. L.

Z. Rosberg, H. L. Vu, M. Zukerman, J. White, “Performance analyses of optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1187–1197, Sept. 2003.
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J. Y. Wei, R. I. McFarland, “Just-in-time signaling for WDM optical burst switching networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2019–2037, Dec. 2000.
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J. Y. Wei, J. L. Pastor, R. S. Ramamurthy, Y. Tsai, “Just-in-time optical burst switching for multi-wavelength networks,” in Proc. IFIP Int. Conf. on Broadband Communications (BC), Hong Kong, China, 1999, pp. 339–352.

White, J.

Z. Rosberg, H. L. Vu, M. Zukerman, J. White, “Performance analyses of optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1187–1197, Sept. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

L. Yang, Y. Jiang, S. Jiang, “A probabilistic preemptive scheme for providing service differentiation in OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003, pp. 2689–2693.

Yoo, M.

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, “Choices, features and issues in optical burst switching,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 36–44, Apr. 2000.

M. Yoo, C. Qiao, S. Dixit, “QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2062–2071, Oct. 2000.
[CrossRef]

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)—a new paradigm for an optical Internet,” J. High Speed Netw., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 69–84, Jan. 1999.

M. Yoo, M. Jeong, C. Qiao, “A high-speed protocol for bursty traffic in optical networks,” in Proc. SPIE Int. Conf. on All-Optical Networking: Architecture, Control and Management Issues, Boston, MA, 1997, pp. 79–90.

Yu, X.

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, May 2004.
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, Y. Chen, C. Qiao, “A study of traffic statistics of assembled burst traffic in optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Optical Networking and Communications (OPTICOMM), Boston, MA, 2002.

Yusheng, J.

T. Orawiwattanakul, J. Yusheng, “Analysis of probabilistic preemption-based mechanism for QoS provision in OBS networks,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Information Networking (ICOIN 2009), Chiang Mai, Thailand, 2009.

Zhang, Q.

V. M. Vokkarane, Q. Zhang, J. P. Jue, B. Chen, “Generalized burst assembly and scheduling techniques for QoS support in optical burst-switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Taipei, Taiwan, 2002, pp. 2747–2751.

Zhang, Y.

Zukerman, M.

Z. Rosberg, H. L. Vu, M. Zukerman, J. White, “Performance analyses of optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1187–1197, Sept. 2003.
[CrossRef]

AEU, Int. J. Electron. Commun.

K. Dolzer, C. Gauger, J. Spath, S. Bodamer, “Evaluation of reservation mechanisms for optical burst switching,” AEU, Int. J. Electron. Commun., vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 18–26, 2001.
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S. Oh, H. H. Hong, M. Kang, “A data burst assembly algorithm in optical burst switching networks,” ETRI J., vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 311–322, Aug. 2002.
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T. Tachibana, S. Kasahara, “Burst cluster transmission: service differentiation mechanism for immediate reservation in optical burst switching networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 46–55, May 2006.
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C. Qiao, “Labeled optical burst switching for IP-over-WDM integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 104–114, Sept. 2000.
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IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

M. Yoo, C. Qiao, S. Dixit, “QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2062–2071, Oct. 2000.
[CrossRef]

Z. Rosberg, H. L. Vu, M. Zukerman, J. White, “Performance analyses of optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1187–1197, Sept. 2003.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Network

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, May 2004.
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J. Phuritatkul, Y. Ji, “Resource allocation algorithms for controllable service differentiation in optical burst switching networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. I.E88-B, no. 4, pp. 1424–1431, 2005.
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J. High Speed Netw.

J. S. Turner, “Terabit burst switching,” J. High Speed Netw., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 3–16, 1999.

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)—a new paradigm for an optical Internet,” J. High Speed Netw., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 69–84, Jan. 1999.

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Networks Mag.

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, “Choices, features and issues in optical burst switching,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 36–44, Apr. 2000.

Other

J. Teng, G. N. Rouskas, “A comparison of the JIT, JET, and Horizon wavelength reservation schemes on a single OBS node,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Workshop on Optical Burst Switching (WOBS), Dallas, TX, 2003.

V. M. Vokkarane, J. P. Jue, “Prioritized routing and burst segmentation for QoS in optical burst-switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Optical Fiber Communications (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2002, pp. 221–222.

L. Yang, Y. Jiang, S. Jiang, “A probabilistic preemptive scheme for providing service differentiation in OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003, pp. 2689–2693.

T. Orawiwattanakul, J. Yusheng, “Analysis of probabilistic preemption-based mechanism for QoS provision in OBS networks,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Information Networking (ICOIN 2009), Chiang Mai, Thailand, 2009.

H. C. Cankaya, S. Charcranoon, T. S. El-Bawab, “A preemptive scheduling technique for OBS networks with service differentiation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003.

I. Baldine, M. Cassada, A. Bragg, G. Karmous-Edwards, D. Stevenson, “Just-in-time optical burst switching implementation in the ATDnet all-optical networking testbed,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Francisco, CA, 2003, pp. 2777–2781.

M. Yoo, M. Jeong, C. Qiao, “A high-speed protocol for bursty traffic in optical networks,” in Proc. SPIE Int. Conf. on All-Optical Networking: Architecture, Control and Management Issues, Boston, MA, 1997, pp. 79–90.

J. Phuritatkul, Y. Ji, “Buffer and bandwidth allocation algorithms for quality of service provisioning in WDM optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on High Speed Networks and Multimedia Communications (HSNMC), Toulouse, France, 2004, pp. 912–920.

A. Sahara, K. Shimano, K. Noguchi, M. Koga, Y. Takigawa, “Demonstration of optical burst data switching using photonic MPLS routers operated by GMPLS signaling,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Optical Fiber Communications (OFC), Atlanta, GA, 2003, pp. 220–222.

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J. Y. Wei, J. L. Pastor, R. S. Ramamurthy, Y. Tsai, “Just-in-time optical burst switching for multi-wavelength networks,” in Proc. IFIP Int. Conf. on Broadband Communications (BC), Hong Kong, China, 1999, pp. 339–352.

B. Kim, Y. Cho, J. Lee, Y. Choi, D. Montgomery, “Performance of optical burst switching techniques in multi-hop networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Taipei, Taiwan, 2002, pp. 2772–2776.

V. M. Vokkarane, Q. Zhang, J. P. Jue, B. Chen, “Generalized burst assembly and scheduling techniques for QoS support in optical burst-switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Taipei, Taiwan, 2002, pp. 2747–2751.

Y. Chen, M. Hamdi, D. H. K. Tsang, C. Qiao, “Proportional QoS over OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), San Antonio, TX, 2001, pp. 1510–1514.

G. Marchetto, “Minimizing preemption probability to efficiently support service differentiation in just-in-time based OBS networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Beijing, China, 2008, pp. 5219–5223.

T. Tachibana, M. Ueda, S. Kasahara, “A preemptive scheme with two-way release message transmission in optical burst switching networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM), Dallas, TX, 2004, pp. 1994–1998.

X. Yu, Y. Chen, C. Qiao, “A study of traffic statistics of assembled burst traffic in optical burst switched networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Optical Networking and Communications (OPTICOMM), Boston, MA, 2002.

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

HPF transmission operating principles: (a) packet arrivals and buffering, (b) burst assembly, and (c) burst transmission.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Contention resolution: (a) HPF transmission, (b) conventional scheme.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

State transition diagram of an OBS output port adopting a conventional preemptive contention resolution scheme ( W = 1 , M = 2 ).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Preemption probability at a single OBS output port ( W = 16 , M = 4 ).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Preemption probability at a single OBS output port ( W = 24 , M = 4 ).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

14-node NSFNET.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Packet loss probability versus packet arrival rate for M = 4 : comparison between HPF transmission and conventional contention resolution scheme.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Packet loss probability versus packet arrival rate for M = 4 : comparison between HPF transmission and burst cluster transmission.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Average throughput versus packet arrival rate.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Delay experienced at the entrance of the OBS network versus max-time threshold T max .

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Average throughput versus max-length threshold S max .

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Packet loss probability versus packet arrival rate for uniformly distributed service classes.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Highest-priority packet loss probability versus probability for a packet to belong to the highest-priority class of service.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Packet loss probability versus packet arrival rate for M = 10 .

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of Used Variables (Conventional Preemptive Scheme Analysis)

Tables Icon

Table 2 Summary of Used Variables (HPF Scheme Analysis)

Tables Icon

Table 3 Percentage Loss in Resource Utilization

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

D max = T max + C × S max + D p ,
λ 1 P 00 + λ 1 P 10 = μ 1 P 01 ,
λ 0 P 00 = μ 0 P 10 + λ 1 P 10 ,
P 00 + P 01 + P 10 = 1 .
P 00 = μ 1 λ 0 + λ 1 + μ 1 ,
P 01 = λ 1 × ( λ 0 + λ 1 + μ 0 ) ( λ 1 + μ 0 ) × ( λ 0 + λ 1 + μ 1 ) ,
P 10 = λ 0 μ 1 ( λ 1 + μ 0 ) × ( λ 0 + λ 1 + μ 1 ) .
P PR = λ 1 λ 0 + λ 1 P 10 .
P PR = k = 0 M 1 n i P ξ B k λ k × P ξ k = 0 M 1 λ k .
P P R = ρ W W ! i = 0 W ρ i i ! ,