Abstract

Multidomain traffic engineering (TE) has the potential not only of guaranteeing the quality of service (QoS) to connections spanning multiple domains but also of effectively utilizing intradomain resources. The hierarchical Optical Internetworking Forum (OIF) External Network-to-Network Interface (E-NNI) control plane platform has emerged as a promising candidate aiming at guaranteeing multidomain QoS provisioning. Recent efforts have been made to extend OIF E-NNI in the multicarrier scenario. However, open issues such as confidentiality, the choice of TE metric, the routing controller (RC) architecture, the path computation method, and the abstraction schemes responsible for selecting the appropriate value of the TE metric to be announced have not been addressed yet. In this study, what we believe to be a novel RC architecture integrating the path computation element (PCE) is proposed to enable the efficient provisioning of end-to-end QoS-guaranteed services. The key role of the TE metric is analyzed and discussed, together with different TE metric abstraction schemes. The end-to-end delay is here considered as the most suitable candidate and a novel family of such schemes, named delay-bandwidth aware (DBA), are proposed and evaluated by means of simulations. Results show the ability of such schemes to globally preserve control plane stability and network resource utilization while advertising a high service level.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, A. Welin, “PCE architecture for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing evaluated in an intra-domain WSON scenario,” in 35th European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2009.
  2. F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, P. Castoldi, “Delay-based bandwidth-aware abstraction scheme for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2010, paper NTuA4.
  3. F. Aslam, Z. Uzmi, A. Farrel, “Interdomain path computation: challenges and solutions for label switched networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 94–101, 2007.
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. P. Howarth, M. Boucadair, P. Flegkas, N. Wang, G. Pavlou, P. Morand, T. Coadic, D. Griffin, A. Asgari, P. Georgatsos, “End-to-end quality of service provisioning through inter-provider traffic engineering,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 683–702, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Manolova, S. Ruepp, L. Dittmann, “TE-enhanced path selection for QoS provisioning in multi-domain GMPLS networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2009, paper JThA69.
  6. D. Katz, K. Kompella, D. Yeung, “Traffic Engineering (TE) Extensions to OSPF Version 2,” IETF, RFC 3630, 2003.
  7. Y. Rekhter, T. Li, “A border gateway protocol 4 (BGP-4),” IETF, RFC 1771, 1995.
  8. N. Djarallah, H. Pouyllau, “Algorithms for SLA composition to provide inter-domain services,” in Int. Symp. on Integrated Network Management, 2009, pp. 460–467.
  9. J. Vasseur, R. Zhang, N. Bitar, J. Le Roux, “A backward-recursive PCE-based computation (BRPC) procedure to compute shortest constrained inter-domain traffic engineering label switched paths,” IETF, RFC 5441, 2009.
  10. R. Douville, J.-L. Le Roux, J.-L. Rougier, S. Secci, “A service plane over the PCE architecture for automatic multidomain connection-oriented services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 94–102, 2008.
    [CrossRef]
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  12. S. Okamoto, H. Otsuki, T. Otani, “Multi-ASON and GMPLS network domain interworking challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 88–93, 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. King, A. Farrel, “The application of the path computation element architecture to the determination of a sequence of domains in MPLS & GMPLS,” IETF, PCE WG, 2010.
  14. N. Ghani, Q. Liu, D. Benhaddou, N. Rao, T. Lehman, “Control plane design in multidomain/multilayer optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 78–87, 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Farrel, J. P. Vasseur, J. Ash, “A path computation element (PCE)-based architecture,” IETF, RFC 4655, 2006.
  16. S. Uludag, K.-S. Lui, K. Nahrstedt, G. Brewster, “Analysis of topology aggregation techniques for QoS routing,” ACM Comput. Surv., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 7, 2007.
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Bauer, J. N. Daigle, I. Iliadis, P. Scotton, “Topology aggregation for combined additive and restrictive metrics,” Comput. Netw., vol. 50, no. 17, pp. 3284–3299, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Chamania, A. Jukan, “A survey of inter-domain peering and provisioning solutions for the next generation optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 33–51, 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  19. Q. Liu, M. A. Kök, N. Ghani, A. Gumaste, “Hierarchical routing in multi-domain optical networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 122–131, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. Maier, C. Busca, A. Pattavina, “Multi-domain routing techniques with topology aggregation in ASON networks,” in Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling, 2008.
  21. A. Mehaoua, T. Ahmed, H. Asgari, M. Sidibe, A. Nafaa, G. Kor-mentzas, T. Kortis, C. Skianis, “Service-driven inter-domain QoS monitoring system for large-scale IP and DVB networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1687–1695, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  22. G. Almes, S. Kalidindi, M. Zekauskas, “A one-way delay metric for IPPM,” IETF, RFC 2679, 1999.
  23. P. Giacomazzi, G. Saddemi, “End-to-end delay approximation in cascades of generalized processor sharing schedulers,” in Int. Conf. on Communications, 2009.
  24. K. Kompella, G. Swallow, “Detecting multi-protocol label switched (MPLS) data-plane failures,” IETF, RFC 4379, 2006.
  25. J. Vasseur, J. Le Roux, “Path computation element (PCE) communication protocol (PCEP),” IETF, RFC 5440, 2009.
  26. Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, D. Li, G. Martinelli, “A framework for the control of wavelength switched optical networks (WSON) with impairments,” IETF, CCAMP WG, 2010.
  27. N. Bithar, R. Zhang, K. Kumaki, “Inter-AS requirements for the path computation element communication protocol (PCECP),” IETF, RFC 5376, 2008.
  28. R. Bradford, J.-P. Vasseur, A. Farrel, “Preserving topology confidentiality in inter-domain path computation using a key-based mechanism,” IETF, RFC 5520, 2009.

2009

M. Chamania, A. Jukan, “A survey of inter-domain peering and provisioning solutions for the next generation optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 33–51, 2009.
[CrossRef]

2008

R. Douville, J.-L. Le Roux, J.-L. Rougier, S. Secci, “A service plane over the PCE architecture for automatic multidomain connection-oriented services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 94–102, 2008.
[CrossRef]

S. Okamoto, H. Otsuki, T. Otani, “Multi-ASON and GMPLS network domain interworking challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 88–93, 2008.
[CrossRef]

N. Ghani, Q. Liu, D. Benhaddou, N. Rao, T. Lehman, “Control plane design in multidomain/multilayer optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 78–87, 2008.
[CrossRef]

2007

S. Uludag, K.-S. Lui, K. Nahrstedt, G. Brewster, “Analysis of topology aggregation techniques for QoS routing,” ACM Comput. Surv., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 7, 2007.
[CrossRef]

F. Aslam, Z. Uzmi, A. Farrel, “Interdomain path computation: challenges and solutions for label switched networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 94–101, 2007.
[CrossRef]

2006

M. P. Howarth, M. Boucadair, P. Flegkas, N. Wang, G. Pavlou, P. Morand, T. Coadic, D. Griffin, A. Asgari, P. Georgatsos, “End-to-end quality of service provisioning through inter-provider traffic engineering,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 683–702, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, M. A. Kök, N. Ghani, A. Gumaste, “Hierarchical routing in multi-domain optical networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 122–131, 2006.
[CrossRef]

A. Mehaoua, T. Ahmed, H. Asgari, M. Sidibe, A. Nafaa, G. Kor-mentzas, T. Kortis, C. Skianis, “Service-driven inter-domain QoS monitoring system for large-scale IP and DVB networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1687–1695, 2006.
[CrossRef]

D. Bauer, J. N. Daigle, I. Iliadis, P. Scotton, “Topology aggregation for combined additive and restrictive metrics,” Comput. Netw., vol. 50, no. 17, pp. 3284–3299, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, T.

A. Mehaoua, T. Ahmed, H. Asgari, M. Sidibe, A. Nafaa, G. Kor-mentzas, T. Kortis, C. Skianis, “Service-driven inter-domain QoS monitoring system for large-scale IP and DVB networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1687–1695, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Almes, G.

G. Almes, S. Kalidindi, M. Zekauskas, “A one-way delay metric for IPPM,” IETF, RFC 2679, 1999.

Asgari, A.

M. P. Howarth, M. Boucadair, P. Flegkas, N. Wang, G. Pavlou, P. Morand, T. Coadic, D. Griffin, A. Asgari, P. Georgatsos, “End-to-end quality of service provisioning through inter-provider traffic engineering,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 683–702, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Asgari, H.

A. Mehaoua, T. Ahmed, H. Asgari, M. Sidibe, A. Nafaa, G. Kor-mentzas, T. Kortis, C. Skianis, “Service-driven inter-domain QoS monitoring system for large-scale IP and DVB networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1687–1695, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Ash, J.

A. Farrel, J. P. Vasseur, J. Ash, “A path computation element (PCE)-based architecture,” IETF, RFC 4655, 2006.

Aslam, F.

F. Aslam, Z. Uzmi, A. Farrel, “Interdomain path computation: challenges and solutions for label switched networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 94–101, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Bauer, D.

D. Bauer, J. N. Daigle, I. Iliadis, P. Scotton, “Topology aggregation for combined additive and restrictive metrics,” Comput. Netw., vol. 50, no. 17, pp. 3284–3299, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Benhaddou, D.

N. Ghani, Q. Liu, D. Benhaddou, N. Rao, T. Lehman, “Control plane design in multidomain/multilayer optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 78–87, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Bernstein, G.

Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, D. Li, G. Martinelli, “A framework for the control of wavelength switched optical networks (WSON) with impairments,” IETF, CCAMP WG, 2010.

Bitar, N.

J. Vasseur, R. Zhang, N. Bitar, J. Le Roux, “A backward-recursive PCE-based computation (BRPC) procedure to compute shortest constrained inter-domain traffic engineering label switched paths,” IETF, RFC 5441, 2009.

Bithar, N.

N. Bithar, R. Zhang, K. Kumaki, “Inter-AS requirements for the path computation element communication protocol (PCECP),” IETF, RFC 5376, 2008.

Bottari, G.

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, P. Castoldi, “Delay-based bandwidth-aware abstraction scheme for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2010, paper NTuA4.

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, A. Welin, “PCE architecture for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing evaluated in an intra-domain WSON scenario,” in 35th European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2009.

Boucadair, M.

M. P. Howarth, M. Boucadair, P. Flegkas, N. Wang, G. Pavlou, P. Morand, T. Coadic, D. Griffin, A. Asgari, P. Georgatsos, “End-to-end quality of service provisioning through inter-provider traffic engineering,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 683–702, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Bradford, R.

R. Bradford, J.-P. Vasseur, A. Farrel, “Preserving topology confidentiality in inter-domain path computation using a key-based mechanism,” IETF, RFC 5520, 2009.

Brewster, G.

S. Uludag, K.-S. Lui, K. Nahrstedt, G. Brewster, “Analysis of topology aggregation techniques for QoS routing,” ACM Comput. Surv., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 7, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Busca, C.

G. Maier, C. Busca, A. Pattavina, “Multi-domain routing techniques with topology aggregation in ASON networks,” in Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling, 2008.

Castoldi, P.

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, A. Welin, “PCE architecture for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing evaluated in an intra-domain WSON scenario,” in 35th European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2009.

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, P. Castoldi, “Delay-based bandwidth-aware abstraction scheme for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2010, paper NTuA4.

Chamania, M.

M. Chamania, A. Jukan, “A survey of inter-domain peering and provisioning solutions for the next generation optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 33–51, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Coadic, T.

M. P. Howarth, M. Boucadair, P. Flegkas, N. Wang, G. Pavlou, P. Morand, T. Coadic, D. Griffin, A. Asgari, P. Georgatsos, “End-to-end quality of service provisioning through inter-provider traffic engineering,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 683–702, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Cugini, F.

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, P. Castoldi, “Delay-based bandwidth-aware abstraction scheme for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2010, paper NTuA4.

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, A. Welin, “PCE architecture for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing evaluated in an intra-domain WSON scenario,” in 35th European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2009.

Daigle, J. N.

D. Bauer, J. N. Daigle, I. Iliadis, P. Scotton, “Topology aggregation for combined additive and restrictive metrics,” Comput. Netw., vol. 50, no. 17, pp. 3284–3299, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Dittmann, L.

A. Manolova, S. Ruepp, L. Dittmann, “TE-enhanced path selection for QoS provisioning in multi-domain GMPLS networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2009, paper JThA69.

Djarallah, N.

N. Djarallah, H. Pouyllau, “Algorithms for SLA composition to provide inter-domain services,” in Int. Symp. on Integrated Network Management, 2009, pp. 460–467.

Douville, R.

R. Douville, J.-L. Le Roux, J.-L. Rougier, S. Secci, “A service plane over the PCE architecture for automatic multidomain connection-oriented services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 94–102, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Farrel, A.

F. Aslam, Z. Uzmi, A. Farrel, “Interdomain path computation: challenges and solutions for label switched networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 94–101, 2007.
[CrossRef]

D. King, A. Farrel, “The application of the path computation element architecture to the determination of a sequence of domains in MPLS & GMPLS,” IETF, PCE WG, 2010.

R. Bradford, J.-P. Vasseur, A. Farrel, “Preserving topology confidentiality in inter-domain path computation using a key-based mechanism,” IETF, RFC 5520, 2009.

A. Farrel, J. P. Vasseur, J. Ash, “A path computation element (PCE)-based architecture,” IETF, RFC 4655, 2006.

Flegkas, P.

M. P. Howarth, M. Boucadair, P. Flegkas, N. Wang, G. Pavlou, P. Morand, T. Coadic, D. Griffin, A. Asgari, P. Georgatsos, “End-to-end quality of service provisioning through inter-provider traffic engineering,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 683–702, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Georgatsos, P.

M. P. Howarth, M. Boucadair, P. Flegkas, N. Wang, G. Pavlou, P. Morand, T. Coadic, D. Griffin, A. Asgari, P. Georgatsos, “End-to-end quality of service provisioning through inter-provider traffic engineering,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 683–702, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Ghani, N.

N. Ghani, Q. Liu, D. Benhaddou, N. Rao, T. Lehman, “Control plane design in multidomain/multilayer optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 78–87, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, M. A. Kök, N. Ghani, A. Gumaste, “Hierarchical routing in multi-domain optical networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 122–131, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Giacomazzi, P.

P. Giacomazzi, G. Saddemi, “End-to-end delay approximation in cascades of generalized processor sharing schedulers,” in Int. Conf. on Communications, 2009.

Giorgetti, A.

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, A. Welin, “PCE architecture for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing evaluated in an intra-domain WSON scenario,” in 35th European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2009.

Griffin, D.

M. P. Howarth, M. Boucadair, P. Flegkas, N. Wang, G. Pavlou, P. Morand, T. Coadic, D. Griffin, A. Asgari, P. Georgatsos, “End-to-end quality of service provisioning through inter-provider traffic engineering,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 683–702, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Gumaste, A.

Q. Liu, M. A. Kök, N. Ghani, A. Gumaste, “Hierarchical routing in multi-domain optical networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 122–131, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Howarth, M. P.

M. P. Howarth, M. Boucadair, P. Flegkas, N. Wang, G. Pavlou, P. Morand, T. Coadic, D. Griffin, A. Asgari, P. Georgatsos, “End-to-end quality of service provisioning through inter-provider traffic engineering,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 683–702, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Iliadis, I.

D. Bauer, J. N. Daigle, I. Iliadis, P. Scotton, “Topology aggregation for combined additive and restrictive metrics,” Comput. Netw., vol. 50, no. 17, pp. 3284–3299, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Iovanna, P.

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, A. Welin, “PCE architecture for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing evaluated in an intra-domain WSON scenario,” in 35th European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2009.

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, P. Castoldi, “Delay-based bandwidth-aware abstraction scheme for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2010, paper NTuA4.

Jukan, A.

M. Chamania, A. Jukan, “A survey of inter-domain peering and provisioning solutions for the next generation optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 33–51, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Kalidindi, S.

G. Almes, S. Kalidindi, M. Zekauskas, “A one-way delay metric for IPPM,” IETF, RFC 2679, 1999.

Katz, D.

D. Katz, K. Kompella, D. Yeung, “Traffic Engineering (TE) Extensions to OSPF Version 2,” IETF, RFC 3630, 2003.

King, D.

D. King, A. Farrel, “The application of the path computation element architecture to the determination of a sequence of domains in MPLS & GMPLS,” IETF, PCE WG, 2010.

Kök, M. A.

Q. Liu, M. A. Kök, N. Ghani, A. Gumaste, “Hierarchical routing in multi-domain optical networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 122–131, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Kompella, K.

K. Kompella, G. Swallow, “Detecting multi-protocol label switched (MPLS) data-plane failures,” IETF, RFC 4379, 2006.

D. Katz, K. Kompella, D. Yeung, “Traffic Engineering (TE) Extensions to OSPF Version 2,” IETF, RFC 3630, 2003.

Kor-mentzas, G.

A. Mehaoua, T. Ahmed, H. Asgari, M. Sidibe, A. Nafaa, G. Kor-mentzas, T. Kortis, C. Skianis, “Service-driven inter-domain QoS monitoring system for large-scale IP and DVB networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1687–1695, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Kortis, T.

A. Mehaoua, T. Ahmed, H. Asgari, M. Sidibe, A. Nafaa, G. Kor-mentzas, T. Kortis, C. Skianis, “Service-driven inter-domain QoS monitoring system for large-scale IP and DVB networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1687–1695, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Kumaki, K.

N. Bithar, R. Zhang, K. Kumaki, “Inter-AS requirements for the path computation element communication protocol (PCECP),” IETF, RFC 5376, 2008.

Le Roux, J.

J. Vasseur, R. Zhang, N. Bitar, J. Le Roux, “A backward-recursive PCE-based computation (BRPC) procedure to compute shortest constrained inter-domain traffic engineering label switched paths,” IETF, RFC 5441, 2009.

J. Vasseur, J. Le Roux, “Path computation element (PCE) communication protocol (PCEP),” IETF, RFC 5440, 2009.

Le Roux, J.-L.

R. Douville, J.-L. Le Roux, J.-L. Rougier, S. Secci, “A service plane over the PCE architecture for automatic multidomain connection-oriented services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 94–102, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.

Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, D. Li, G. Martinelli, “A framework for the control of wavelength switched optical networks (WSON) with impairments,” IETF, CCAMP WG, 2010.

Lehman, T.

N. Ghani, Q. Liu, D. Benhaddou, N. Rao, T. Lehman, “Control plane design in multidomain/multilayer optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 78–87, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Li, D.

Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, D. Li, G. Martinelli, “A framework for the control of wavelength switched optical networks (WSON) with impairments,” IETF, CCAMP WG, 2010.

Li, T.

Y. Rekhter, T. Li, “A border gateway protocol 4 (BGP-4),” IETF, RFC 1771, 1995.

Liu, Q.

N. Ghani, Q. Liu, D. Benhaddou, N. Rao, T. Lehman, “Control plane design in multidomain/multilayer optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 78–87, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, M. A. Kök, N. Ghani, A. Gumaste, “Hierarchical routing in multi-domain optical networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 122–131, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Lui, K.-S.

S. Uludag, K.-S. Lui, K. Nahrstedt, G. Brewster, “Analysis of topology aggregation techniques for QoS routing,” ACM Comput. Surv., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 7, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Maier, G.

G. Maier, C. Busca, A. Pattavina, “Multi-domain routing techniques with topology aggregation in ASON networks,” in Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling, 2008.

Manolova, A.

A. Manolova, S. Ruepp, L. Dittmann, “TE-enhanced path selection for QoS provisioning in multi-domain GMPLS networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2009, paper JThA69.

Martinelli, G.

Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, D. Li, G. Martinelli, “A framework for the control of wavelength switched optical networks (WSON) with impairments,” IETF, CCAMP WG, 2010.

Mehaoua, A.

A. Mehaoua, T. Ahmed, H. Asgari, M. Sidibe, A. Nafaa, G. Kor-mentzas, T. Kortis, C. Skianis, “Service-driven inter-domain QoS monitoring system for large-scale IP and DVB networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1687–1695, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Morand, P.

M. P. Howarth, M. Boucadair, P. Flegkas, N. Wang, G. Pavlou, P. Morand, T. Coadic, D. Griffin, A. Asgari, P. Georgatsos, “End-to-end quality of service provisioning through inter-provider traffic engineering,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 683–702, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Nafaa, A.

A. Mehaoua, T. Ahmed, H. Asgari, M. Sidibe, A. Nafaa, G. Kor-mentzas, T. Kortis, C. Skianis, “Service-driven inter-domain QoS monitoring system for large-scale IP and DVB networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1687–1695, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Nahrstedt, K.

S. Uludag, K.-S. Lui, K. Nahrstedt, G. Brewster, “Analysis of topology aggregation techniques for QoS routing,” ACM Comput. Surv., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 7, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, S.

S. Okamoto, H. Otsuki, T. Otani, “Multi-ASON and GMPLS network domain interworking challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 88–93, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Otani, T.

S. Okamoto, H. Otsuki, T. Otani, “Multi-ASON and GMPLS network domain interworking challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 88–93, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Otsuki, H.

S. Okamoto, H. Otsuki, T. Otani, “Multi-ASON and GMPLS network domain interworking challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 88–93, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Paolucci, F.

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, A. Welin, “PCE architecture for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing evaluated in an intra-domain WSON scenario,” in 35th European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2009.

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, P. Castoldi, “Delay-based bandwidth-aware abstraction scheme for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2010, paper NTuA4.

Pattavina, A.

G. Maier, C. Busca, A. Pattavina, “Multi-domain routing techniques with topology aggregation in ASON networks,” in Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling, 2008.

Pavlou, G.

M. P. Howarth, M. Boucadair, P. Flegkas, N. Wang, G. Pavlou, P. Morand, T. Coadic, D. Griffin, A. Asgari, P. Georgatsos, “End-to-end quality of service provisioning through inter-provider traffic engineering,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 683–702, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Pouyllau, H.

N. Djarallah, H. Pouyllau, “Algorithms for SLA composition to provide inter-domain services,” in Int. Symp. on Integrated Network Management, 2009, pp. 460–467.

Rao, N.

N. Ghani, Q. Liu, D. Benhaddou, N. Rao, T. Lehman, “Control plane design in multidomain/multilayer optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 78–87, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Rekhter, Y.

Y. Rekhter, T. Li, “A border gateway protocol 4 (BGP-4),” IETF, RFC 1771, 1995.

Rougier, J.-L.

R. Douville, J.-L. Le Roux, J.-L. Rougier, S. Secci, “A service plane over the PCE architecture for automatic multidomain connection-oriented services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 94–102, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Ruepp, S.

A. Manolova, S. Ruepp, L. Dittmann, “TE-enhanced path selection for QoS provisioning in multi-domain GMPLS networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2009, paper JThA69.

Saddemi, G.

P. Giacomazzi, G. Saddemi, “End-to-end delay approximation in cascades of generalized processor sharing schedulers,” in Int. Conf. on Communications, 2009.

Scotton, P.

D. Bauer, J. N. Daigle, I. Iliadis, P. Scotton, “Topology aggregation for combined additive and restrictive metrics,” Comput. Netw., vol. 50, no. 17, pp. 3284–3299, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Secci, S.

R. Douville, J.-L. Le Roux, J.-L. Rougier, S. Secci, “A service plane over the PCE architecture for automatic multidomain connection-oriented services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 94–102, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Sidibe, M.

A. Mehaoua, T. Ahmed, H. Asgari, M. Sidibe, A. Nafaa, G. Kor-mentzas, T. Kortis, C. Skianis, “Service-driven inter-domain QoS monitoring system for large-scale IP and DVB networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1687–1695, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Skianis, C.

A. Mehaoua, T. Ahmed, H. Asgari, M. Sidibe, A. Nafaa, G. Kor-mentzas, T. Kortis, C. Skianis, “Service-driven inter-domain QoS monitoring system for large-scale IP and DVB networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1687–1695, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Swallow, G.

K. Kompella, G. Swallow, “Detecting multi-protocol label switched (MPLS) data-plane failures,” IETF, RFC 4379, 2006.

Uludag, S.

S. Uludag, K.-S. Lui, K. Nahrstedt, G. Brewster, “Analysis of topology aggregation techniques for QoS routing,” ACM Comput. Surv., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 7, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Uzmi, Z.

F. Aslam, Z. Uzmi, A. Farrel, “Interdomain path computation: challenges and solutions for label switched networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 94–101, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Valcarenghi, L.

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, A. Welin, “PCE architecture for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing evaluated in an intra-domain WSON scenario,” in 35th European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2009.

Vasseur, J.

J. Vasseur, R. Zhang, N. Bitar, J. Le Roux, “A backward-recursive PCE-based computation (BRPC) procedure to compute shortest constrained inter-domain traffic engineering label switched paths,” IETF, RFC 5441, 2009.

J. Vasseur, J. Le Roux, “Path computation element (PCE) communication protocol (PCEP),” IETF, RFC 5440, 2009.

Vasseur, J. P.

A. Farrel, J. P. Vasseur, J. Ash, “A path computation element (PCE)-based architecture,” IETF, RFC 4655, 2006.

Vasseur, J.-P.

R. Bradford, J.-P. Vasseur, A. Farrel, “Preserving topology confidentiality in inter-domain path computation using a key-based mechanism,” IETF, RFC 5520, 2009.

Wang, N.

M. P. Howarth, M. Boucadair, P. Flegkas, N. Wang, G. Pavlou, P. Morand, T. Coadic, D. Griffin, A. Asgari, P. Georgatsos, “End-to-end quality of service provisioning through inter-provider traffic engineering,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 683–702, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Welin, A.

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, A. Welin, “PCE architecture for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing evaluated in an intra-domain WSON scenario,” in 35th European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2009.

Yeung, D.

D. Katz, K. Kompella, D. Yeung, “Traffic Engineering (TE) Extensions to OSPF Version 2,” IETF, RFC 3630, 2003.

Zekauskas, M.

G. Almes, S. Kalidindi, M. Zekauskas, “A one-way delay metric for IPPM,” IETF, RFC 2679, 1999.

Zhang, R.

J. Vasseur, R. Zhang, N. Bitar, J. Le Roux, “A backward-recursive PCE-based computation (BRPC) procedure to compute shortest constrained inter-domain traffic engineering label switched paths,” IETF, RFC 5441, 2009.

N. Bithar, R. Zhang, K. Kumaki, “Inter-AS requirements for the path computation element communication protocol (PCECP),” IETF, RFC 5376, 2008.

ACM Comput. Surv.

S. Uludag, K.-S. Lui, K. Nahrstedt, G. Brewster, “Analysis of topology aggregation techniques for QoS routing,” ACM Comput. Surv., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 7, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Comput. Commun.

Q. Liu, M. A. Kök, N. Ghani, A. Gumaste, “Hierarchical routing in multi-domain optical networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 122–131, 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. P. Howarth, M. Boucadair, P. Flegkas, N. Wang, G. Pavlou, P. Morand, T. Coadic, D. Griffin, A. Asgari, P. Georgatsos, “End-to-end quality of service provisioning through inter-provider traffic engineering,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 683–702, 2006.
[CrossRef]

A. Mehaoua, T. Ahmed, H. Asgari, M. Sidibe, A. Nafaa, G. Kor-mentzas, T. Kortis, C. Skianis, “Service-driven inter-domain QoS monitoring system for large-scale IP and DVB networks,” Comput. Commun., vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1687–1695, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Comput. Netw.

D. Bauer, J. N. Daigle, I. Iliadis, P. Scotton, “Topology aggregation for combined additive and restrictive metrics,” Comput. Netw., vol. 50, no. 17, pp. 3284–3299, 2006.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag.

S. Okamoto, H. Otsuki, T. Otani, “Multi-ASON and GMPLS network domain interworking challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 88–93, 2008.
[CrossRef]

N. Ghani, Q. Liu, D. Benhaddou, N. Rao, T. Lehman, “Control plane design in multidomain/multilayer optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 78–87, 2008.
[CrossRef]

R. Douville, J.-L. Le Roux, J.-L. Rougier, S. Secci, “A service plane over the PCE architecture for automatic multidomain connection-oriented services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 94–102, 2008.
[CrossRef]

F. Aslam, Z. Uzmi, A. Farrel, “Interdomain path computation: challenges and solutions for label switched networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 94–101, 2007.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials

M. Chamania, A. Jukan, “A survey of inter-domain peering and provisioning solutions for the next generation optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 33–51, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Other

G. Maier, C. Busca, A. Pattavina, “Multi-domain routing techniques with topology aggregation in ASON networks,” in Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling, 2008.

A. Farrel, J. P. Vasseur, J. Ash, “A path computation element (PCE)-based architecture,” IETF, RFC 4655, 2006.

D. King, A. Farrel, “The application of the path computation element architecture to the determination of a sequence of domains in MPLS & GMPLS,” IETF, PCE WG, 2010.

External Network-Network Interface (E-NNI) OSPF-Based Routing—1.0 (Intra-Carrier) Implementation Agreement. Optical Internetworking Forum, 2007.

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, A. Welin, “PCE architecture for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing evaluated in an intra-domain WSON scenario,” in 35th European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2009.

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, P. Iovanna, G. Bottari, P. Castoldi, “Delay-based bandwidth-aware abstraction scheme for OIF E-NNI multi-domain routing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2010, paper NTuA4.

A. Manolova, S. Ruepp, L. Dittmann, “TE-enhanced path selection for QoS provisioning in multi-domain GMPLS networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2009, paper JThA69.

D. Katz, K. Kompella, D. Yeung, “Traffic Engineering (TE) Extensions to OSPF Version 2,” IETF, RFC 3630, 2003.

Y. Rekhter, T. Li, “A border gateway protocol 4 (BGP-4),” IETF, RFC 1771, 1995.

N. Djarallah, H. Pouyllau, “Algorithms for SLA composition to provide inter-domain services,” in Int. Symp. on Integrated Network Management, 2009, pp. 460–467.

J. Vasseur, R. Zhang, N. Bitar, J. Le Roux, “A backward-recursive PCE-based computation (BRPC) procedure to compute shortest constrained inter-domain traffic engineering label switched paths,” IETF, RFC 5441, 2009.

G. Almes, S. Kalidindi, M. Zekauskas, “A one-way delay metric for IPPM,” IETF, RFC 2679, 1999.

P. Giacomazzi, G. Saddemi, “End-to-end delay approximation in cascades of generalized processor sharing schedulers,” in Int. Conf. on Communications, 2009.

K. Kompella, G. Swallow, “Detecting multi-protocol label switched (MPLS) data-plane failures,” IETF, RFC 4379, 2006.

J. Vasseur, J. Le Roux, “Path computation element (PCE) communication protocol (PCEP),” IETF, RFC 5440, 2009.

Y. Lee, G. Bernstein, D. Li, G. Martinelli, “A framework for the control of wavelength switched optical networks (WSON) with impairments,” IETF, CCAMP WG, 2010.

N. Bithar, R. Zhang, K. Kumaki, “Inter-AS requirements for the path computation element communication protocol (PCECP),” IETF, RFC 5376, 2008.

R. Bradford, J.-P. Vasseur, A. Farrel, “Preserving topology confidentiality in inter-domain path computation using a key-based mechanism,” IETF, RFC 5520, 2009.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

OIF E-NNI abstract link model.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

PCE-RC architecture.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

VL summarization.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pan-European topology.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Generated TE-LSA rate: K-path behavior.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Generated TE-LSA rate: DBA behavior.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Blocking probability: K-path behavior.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Blocking probability: DBA behavior.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Advertised service level (ASL): K-path behavior.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Advertised service level (ASL): DBA behavior.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Global figure of merit.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

DBA: TE-LSA rate as a function of the interarrival time.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Paris–Glasgow VL Summarization

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ρ = 1 E e d e adv d ( q e , 1 ) .
d e adv = d ( q e , K ) , 1 K P e and b ( p e , k ) > 0 , k = 1 K .
h ( q e , j ) = b ( q e , j ) MLB d ( q e , 1 ) d ( q e , j ) .
h ( q e , v ) T s , d .
T s , d C = B ( g e , G e ) MLB G e ,
T s , d S = N e disjoint ( 1 + d ( q e , 1 ) d ( q e , Q e ) ) 2 ,
F ( l ) = α 1 f 1 ( l ) + α 2 f 2 ( l ) + α 3 f 3 ( l ) ,