Abstract

Recent advances in physical layer optics have made slicing of optical bands into multiple subbands with different bandwidths possible. Due to this development, spectrum allocation has become easier in elastic optical networks (EONs). More specifically, owing to the slicing technology, the defragmentation problem in EONs can be addressed easily, i.e., more demands can be fit into empty spectrum slots by breaking the demands as needed using the slicing technology. This paper proposes a spectrum allocation scheme considering the slicing process at any nodes, e.g., source node and intermediate nodes, in EONs. Slicing-and-stitching technology is applied to break the contiguous-spectrum constraint in an EON so that spectrum fragmentation is reduced. While slicing a demand from one node to another, the following questions must be answered: (1) Which parts of the spectrum band should be sliced? (2) In which node(s) along the path of a demand should the slicings be done to reduce the bandwidth blocking rate? To answer the above questions, we formulate a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) model that jointly addresses the above questions as well as minimizes the total number of slicers in a network. To measure the performance of the MILP, we used the bandwidth blocking ratio (BBR) of the network as a performance metric. Our results from the MILP show that introducing slicing at every node in the network improves the BBR by as much as 68% compared to a conventional case where slicing a demand is allowed only at the source node.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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