Abstract

Optical transmission systems with high spectral efficiency require accurate quality of transmission estimation for optical channel provisioning. However, the wavelength-dependent gain effects of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs) complicate precise optical channel power prediction and low-margin operation. In this work, we examine supervised machine learning methods using multiple artificial neural networks (ANNs) to build models for gain spectra prediction of optical transmission line EDFAs under different operating conditions. Channel-loading configurations and channel input power spectra are used as an a posteriori knowledge data feature for model training. In a hybrid learning approach, estimated gain spectra calculated by an analytical model are added as an a priori input data feature to further improve the EDFA ANN model performance in terms of prediction accuracy, training time, and quantity of training data. Using these methods, the root mean square error and maximum absolute error of the predicted channel output power can be as low as 0.144 dB and 1.6 dB, respectively.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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