Abstract

To reduce operation-and-maintenance expenses (OPEX) and to ensure optical network survivability, optical network operators need to detect and diagnose faults in a timely manner and with high accuracy. With the rapid advancement of telemetry technology and data analysis techniques, data-driven approaches leveraging telemetry data to tackle the fault diagnosis problem have been gaining popularity due to their quick implementation and deployment. In this paper, we propose a novel multitask learning model based on long short-term memory to detect, locate, and estimate the reflectance of fiber reflective faults (events) including the connectors and the mechanical splices by extracting insights from monitored data obtained by the optical time-domain reflectometry principle commonly used for troubleshooting of fiber optic cables or links. The experimental results prove that the proposed method (i) achieves a good detection capability and high localization accuracy within a short measurement time even for low SNR values and (ii) outperforms conventionally employed techniques.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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