Abstract

Standardization activities are nearly complete for single wavelength 25 Gb/s time-division multiplexed (TDM) passive optical networks (PONs) and well underway for 50 Gb/s TDM PONs. There is considerable debate in the industry about which technology will be the “next step” after 10 Gb/s TDM PON, now finally starting to ramp up to mass deployment. 50 Gb/s PON clearly brings a ${2} \times$ bandwidth advantage over 25 Gb/s, at least in the downstream direction. On the other hand, the increase of speed to 50 Gb/s brings with it a substantial receiver sensitivity penalty of at least 4 dB, which has a chain effect on transceiver architecture, cost, and time-to-market. In this paper, each of those elements is investigated, quantified, and compared to 25 Gb/s.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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