Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the performance of a mixed radio frequency (RF) and multihop free space optical (FSO) system in a fifth-generation cloud radio access network (C-RAN) architecture. To cope with the practical channel characteristics, the RF link is assumed to experience the $ \kappa - \mu $ shadowed fading that has recently been proposed to model the small-scale multipath fading as well as line-of-sight shadowing. For FSO links, we adopt the exponentiated Weibull distribution, which can represent irradiance fluctuations at the finite receiving aperture over a wide range of turbulence conditions. Furthermore, we consider the pointing error between the FSO end devices. We first derive a novel probability density function (PDF) expression for the $ \kappa - \mu $ shadowed fading so that the $ \kappa $, $ m $, and $ \mu $ can be equal to the arbitrary positive real value. Then, we study the outage probability and the average symbol error rate (ASER) of the considered system. Our analysis is based on a decode-and-forward (DF) relaying scheme. We choose M-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (M-QAM) for the RF link and binary pulse position modulation (BPPM) for the FSO links. Finally, to provide more insights, we present the asymptotic approximate expressions in high signal-to-noise ratio regimes. Our research shows that the performance of the mixed RF and multihop FSO system can be improved by the large receiving aperture and the increasing number of hops.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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