Abstract

Centralized radio access network (C-RAN) has been considered as an architectural solution able to reduce capital and operational expenditure in dense 5G cellular networks while allowing better network performance. The C-RAN approach decouples baseband units from antenna sites and places them in selected locations, connected by the so-called fronthaul links. These links require expensive high-capacity connections, thus calling for cost-efficient deployment. This paper presents a hybrid fronthaul solution for C-RAN based on both optical fibers and free-space optics (FSO) to enhance fronthaul flexibility and minimize deployment costs. Two design strategies based on integer linear programming are proposed for both greenfield and brownfield deployments. The first strategy is referred to as joint planning (JP) and is based on the joint minimization of the number of deployed remote radio heads (RRHs) and the cost of the hybrid fiber/FSO fronthaul. The second strategy is based on two-step disjoint planning (DP) that first identifies a cost-optimal RRH placement and then finds the corresponding minimum cost deployment for the fronthaul links. Results obtained with JP and DP are compared in dense urban area scenarios (i.e., with characteristics similar to festivals or concerts), highlighting the advantage of the JP approach compared to DP, both in terms of costs and an enhanced flexibility during the network design process.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
C-RAN Uplink Optimization Using Mixed Radio and FSO Fronthaul

Khaled Ahmed and Steve Hranilovic
J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 10(6) 603-612 (2018)

Geographical Constraint-Based Optimization Framework for C-RAN Design [Invited]

Shinobu Nanba, Naoki Agata, Naoya Nishi, and Kosuke Nishimura
J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 8(12) B61-B69 (2016)

Joint Optimal Transceiver Placement and Resource Allocation Schemes for Redirected Cooperative Hybrid FSO/mmW 5G Fronthaul Networks

Mahmoud A. Hasabelnaby, Hossam A. I. Selmy, and Moawad I. Dessouky
J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 10(12) 975-990 (2018)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (7)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (6)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (23)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription