Abstract

Dynamic bandwidth and wavelength allocation are used to demonstrate high quality of service (QoS) in time wavelength-division multiplexed–passive optical networks (TWDM-PONs). Both bandwidth and wavelength assignment are performed on the basis of transmission containers (T-CONTs) and therefore by means of upstream service priority traffic flows. Our medium access control (MAC) protocol therefore ensures consistency in processing alike classes of service across all optical network units (ONUs) in agreement with their QoS figures. For evaluation of the MAC protocol performance, a simulator has been implemented in OPNET featuring a 40 km, 40 Gbps TWDM-PON with four stacked wavelengths at 10 Gbps each and 256 ONUs. Simulation results have confirmed the efficiency of allocating bandwidth to each wavelength and the significant increase of network traffic flow due to adaptive polling from 9.04 to 9.74 Gbps. The benefit of T-CONT-centric allocation has also been measured with respect to packet delay and queue occupancy, achieving low packet delay across all T-CONTs. Therefore, improved NG-PON2 performance and greater efficiency are obtained in this first demonstration of T-CONTs allocated to both wavelength and time.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2016 (1)

2014 (4)

X. Hu, X. Chen, Z. Zhang, and J. Bei, “Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in flexible TWDM optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol.  18, no. 12, pp. 2113–2116, 2014.
[Crossref]

H. Yang, W. Sun, J. Li, and W. Hu, “Energy efficient TWDM multi-PON system with wavelength relocation,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  6, no. 6, pp. 571–577, 2014.
[Crossref]

R. Wang, H. H. Lee, S. S. Lee, and B. Mukherjee, “Energy saving via dynamic wavelength sharing in TWDM-PON,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  32, no. 8, pp. 1566–1574, 2014.
[Crossref]

H. Yang, W. Sun, J. Li, and W. Hu, “Energy efficient TWDM Multi-PON system with wavelength relocation,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  6, no. 6, pp. 571–577, 2014.
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39-dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 644–647, 2013.
[Crossref]

L. Zhou, Z. Xu, Q. Huang, X. Cheng, Y.-K. Yeo, and S. Xu, “A passive optical network with shared transceivers for dynamical resource allocation,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  61, no. 4, pp. 1554–1561, Apr.2013.
[Crossref]

A. Buttaboni, M. D. Andrade, and M. Tornatore, “A multi-threaded dynamic bandwidth and wavelength allocation scheme with void filling for long reach WDM/TDM PONs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 8, pp. 1149–1157, Apr.2013.
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

H. Ranaweera, E. Wong, C. Lim, and A. Nirmalatha, “Next generation optical-wireless converged network architectures,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 22–27, 2012.
[Crossref]

N.-C. Tran, E. Tangdiongga, C. Okonkwo, H.-D. Jung, and T. Koonen, “Flexibility level adjustment in reconfigurable WDM-TDM optical access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, no. 15, pp. 2542–2550, Aug.2012.
[Crossref]

P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, and D. Nesset, “Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 8–14, 2012.
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, X. Zhou, F. Effenberger, X. Yan, G. Peng, Y. Qian, and Y. Ma, “Time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network (TWDM-PON) for next generation PON stage 2 (NG-PON2),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 4, pp. 587–593, 2012.
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

J. Zhang, N. Ansari, Y. Luo, F. Effenberger, and F. Ye, “Next-generation PONs: A performance investigation of candidate architectures for next-generation access stage 1,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 8, pp. 49–57, 2009.
[Crossref]

Alvarez, P.

P. Alvarez, N. Marchetti, and M. Ruffini, “Evaluating dynamic bandwidth allocation of virtualized passive optical networks over mobile traffic traces,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  8, no. 3, pp. 129–136, 2016.
[Crossref]

P. Alvarez, N. Marchetti, D. Payne, and M. Ruffini, “Backhauling mobile systems with XG-PON using grouped assured bandwidth,” in 19th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), Milano, Italy, 2014.

Andrade, M. D.

Angelopoulos, J. D.

N. Angelopoulos, P. Solina, and J. D. Angelopoulos, “The IST-GIANT project (GIgaPON Access NeTwork),” in 7th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Darmstadt, Germany, June2002.

Angelopoulos, N.

N. Angelopoulos, P. Solina, and J. D. Angelopoulos, “The IST-GIANT project (GIgaPON Access NeTwork),” in 7th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Darmstadt, Germany, June2002.

Ansari, N.

J. Zhang, N. Ansari, Y. Luo, F. Effenberger, and F. Ye, “Next-generation PONs: A performance investigation of candidate architectures for next-generation access stage 1,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 8, pp. 49–57, 2009.
[Crossref]

Antonelli, C.

A. Marotta, K. Kondepu, D. Cassioli, C. Antonelli, L. M. Correia, and L. Valcarenghi, “Software defined 5G converged access as a viable techno-economic solution,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conf. and Exposition (OFC), San Diego, California, 2018.

Bei, J.

X. Hu, X. Chen, Z. Zhang, and J. Bei, “Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in flexible TWDM optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol.  18, no. 12, pp. 2113–2116, 2014.
[Crossref]

Bi, M.

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39-dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 644–647, 2013.
[Crossref]

Buttaboni, A.

A. Buttaboni, M. D. Andrade, and M. Tornatore, “A multi-threaded dynamic bandwidth and wavelength allocation scheme with void filling for long reach WDM/TDM PONs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 8, pp. 1149–1157, Apr.2013.
[Crossref]

A. Buttaboni, M. De Andrade, and M. Tornatore, “Dynamic bandwidth and wavelength allocation with coexistence of transmission technologies in TWDM PONs,” in 6th Int. Symp. on Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning, Sept.2014.

Cassioli, D.

A. Marotta, K. Kondepu, D. Cassioli, C. Antonelli, L. M. Correia, and L. Valcarenghi, “Software defined 5G converged access as a viable techno-economic solution,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conf. and Exposition (OFC), San Diego, California, 2018.

Chanclou, P.

P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, and D. Nesset, “Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 8–14, 2012.
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

X. Hu, X. Chen, Z. Zhang, and J. Bei, “Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in flexible TWDM optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol.  18, no. 12, pp. 2113–2116, 2014.
[Crossref]

Cheng, X.

L. Zhou, Z. Xu, Q. Huang, X. Cheng, Y.-K. Yeo, and S. Xu, “A passive optical network with shared transceivers for dynamical resource allocation,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  61, no. 4, pp. 1554–1561, Apr.2013.
[Crossref]

Colle, D.

B. Dixit, D. Lannoo, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation with optimal wavelength switching in TWDM-PONs,” in 17th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July2015.

Correia, L. M.

A. Marotta, K. Kondepu, D. Cassioli, C. Antonelli, L. M. Correia, and L. Valcarenghi, “Software defined 5G converged access as a viable techno-economic solution,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conf. and Exposition (OFC), San Diego, California, 2018.

Cui, A.

P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, and D. Nesset, “Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 8–14, 2012.
[Crossref]

De Andrade, M.

A. Buttaboni, M. De Andrade, and M. Tornatore, “Dynamic bandwidth and wavelength allocation with coexistence of transmission technologies in TWDM PONs,” in 6th Int. Symp. on Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning, Sept.2014.

Demeester, P.

B. Dixit, D. Lannoo, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation with optimal wavelength switching in TWDM-PONs,” in 17th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July2015.

Dias, M. P. I.

M. P. I. Dias, E. Wong, P. V. Dung, and L. Valcarenghi, “Offline energy-efficient dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation algorithm for TWDM-PONs, in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), June2015.

Dixit, B.

B. Dixit, D. Lannoo, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation with optimal wavelength switching in TWDM-PONs,” in 17th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July2015.

Dung, P. V.

M. P. I. Dias, E. Wong, P. V. Dung, and L. Valcarenghi, “Offline energy-efficient dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation algorithm for TWDM-PONs, in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), June2015.

Effenberger, F.

Y. Luo, X. Zhou, F. Effenberger, X. Yan, G. Peng, Y. Qian, and Y. Ma, “Time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network (TWDM-PON) for next generation PON stage 2 (NG-PON2),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 4, pp. 587–593, 2012.
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, N. Ansari, Y. Luo, F. Effenberger, and F. Ye, “Next-generation PONs: A performance investigation of candidate architectures for next-generation access stage 1,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 8, pp. 49–57, 2009.
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, and F. Effenberger, “Demonstration of a 40  Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system,” in OFC/NFOEC, Mar.2012.

Effenberger, F. J.

Geilhardt, F.

P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, and D. Nesset, “Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 8–14, 2012.
[Crossref]

Gu, R.

H. Wang, S. Su, R. Gu, and Y. Ji, “A minimum wavelength tuning scheme for dynamic wavelength assignment in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2015.

H. Wang, Y. Liang, R. Gu, Y. Ji, Y. Ma, C. Zhang, and X. Wang, “LP-DWBA: A DWBA algorithm based on linear prediction in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2015.

H. Wang, S. Su, R. Gu, and Y. Ji, “A minimum wavelength tuning scheme for dynamic wavelength assignment in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks, July2015.

Harstead, E.

E. Harstead, D. V. Veen, and P. Vetter, “Technologies for NGPON2: Why I think 40G TDM PON (XLG-PON) is the clear winner,” in OFC/NFOEC, Mar.2012.

Hisano, D.

Y. Nakayama, H. Uzawa, D. Hisano, H. Ujikawa, H. Nakamura, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Efficient DWBA algorithm for TWDM-PON with mobile fronthaul in 5G networks,” in IEEE Global Communications Conf. (GLOBECOM), Singapore, 2017.

Ho, Y.-S.

Y.-S. Ho and H. J. Kim, “Advances in multimedia information processing–PCM,” in 6th Pacific-Rim Conf. on Multimedia (Part II), Jeju Island, South Korea, Nov.2005.

Hu, W.

Hu, X.

X. Hu, X. Chen, Z. Zhang, and J. Bei, “Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in flexible TWDM optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol.  18, no. 12, pp. 2113–2116, 2014.
[Crossref]

Huang, Q.

L. Zhou, Z. Xu, Q. Huang, X. Cheng, Y.-K. Yeo, and S. Xu, “A passive optical network with shared transceivers for dynamical resource allocation,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  61, no. 4, pp. 1554–1561, Apr.2013.
[Crossref]

Ji, Y.

H. Wang, Y. Liang, R. Gu, Y. Ji, Y. Ma, C. Zhang, and X. Wang, “LP-DWBA: A DWBA algorithm based on linear prediction in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2015.

H. Wang, S. Su, R. Gu, and Y. Ji, “A minimum wavelength tuning scheme for dynamic wavelength assignment in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2015.

H. Wang, S. Su, R. Gu, and Y. Ji, “A minimum wavelength tuning scheme for dynamic wavelength assignment in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks, July2015.

Jung, H.-D.

Kim, H. J.

Y.-S. Ho and H. J. Kim, “Advances in multimedia information processing–PCM,” in 6th Pacific-Rim Conf. on Multimedia (Part II), Jeju Island, South Korea, Nov.2005.

Kondepu, K.

A. Marotta, K. Kondepu, D. Cassioli, C. Antonelli, L. M. Correia, and L. Valcarenghi, “Software defined 5G converged access as a viable techno-economic solution,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conf. and Exposition (OFC), San Diego, California, 2018.

Koonen, T.

Lannoo, D.

B. Dixit, D. Lannoo, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation with optimal wavelength switching in TWDM-PONs,” in 17th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July2015.

Lee, H. H.

R. Wang, H. H. Lee, S. S. Lee, and B. Mukherjee, “Energy saving via dynamic wavelength sharing in TWDM-PON,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  32, no. 8, pp. 1566–1574, 2014.
[Crossref]

Lee, S. S.

R. Wang, H. H. Lee, S. S. Lee, and B. Mukherjee, “Energy saving via dynamic wavelength sharing in TWDM-PON,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  32, no. 8, pp. 1566–1574, 2014.
[Crossref]

Leys, P.

J. Potemans, B. Van den Broeck, J. Theunis, P. Leys, E. Van Lil, and A. Van de Capelle, “A tunable discrete traffic generator based on a hierarchical scheme of Bernoulli sources,” in Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Anchorage, Alaska, May2003.

Li, J.

Li, Z.

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39-dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 644–647, 2013.
[Crossref]

Liang, Y.

H. Wang, Y. Liang, R. Gu, Y. Ji, Y. Ma, C. Zhang, and X. Wang, “LP-DWBA: A DWBA algorithm based on linear prediction in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2015.

Lim, C.

H. Ranaweera, E. Wong, C. Lim, and A. Nirmalatha, “Next generation optical-wireless converged network architectures,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 22–27, 2012.
[Crossref]

Luo, Y.

Y. Luo, X. Zhou, F. Effenberger, X. Yan, G. Peng, Y. Qian, and Y. Ma, “Time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network (TWDM-PON) for next generation PON stage 2 (NG-PON2),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 4, pp. 587–593, 2012.
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, N. Ansari, Y. Luo, F. Effenberger, and F. Ye, “Next-generation PONs: A performance investigation of candidate architectures for next-generation access stage 1,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 8, pp. 49–57, 2009.
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, and F. Effenberger, “Demonstration of a 40  Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system,” in OFC/NFOEC, Mar.2012.

Ma, Y.

Y. Luo, X. Zhou, F. Effenberger, X. Yan, G. Peng, Y. Qian, and Y. Ma, “Time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network (TWDM-PON) for next generation PON stage 2 (NG-PON2),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 4, pp. 587–593, 2012.
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, and F. Effenberger, “Demonstration of a 40  Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system,” in OFC/NFOEC, Mar.2012.

H. Wang, Y. Liang, R. Gu, Y. Ji, Y. Ma, C. Zhang, and X. Wang, “LP-DWBA: A DWBA algorithm based on linear prediction in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2015.

Marchetti, N.

P. Alvarez, N. Marchetti, and M. Ruffini, “Evaluating dynamic bandwidth allocation of virtualized passive optical networks over mobile traffic traces,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  8, no. 3, pp. 129–136, 2016.
[Crossref]

P. Alvarez, N. Marchetti, D. Payne, and M. Ruffini, “Backhauling mobile systems with XG-PON using grouped assured bandwidth,” in 19th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), Milano, Italy, 2014.

Marotta, A.

A. Marotta, K. Kondepu, D. Cassioli, C. Antonelli, L. M. Correia, and L. Valcarenghi, “Software defined 5G converged access as a viable techno-economic solution,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conf. and Exposition (OFC), San Diego, California, 2018.

Mukherjee, B.

R. Wang, H. H. Lee, S. S. Lee, and B. Mukherjee, “Energy saving via dynamic wavelength sharing in TWDM-PON,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  32, no. 8, pp. 1566–1574, 2014.
[Crossref]

Nakamura, H.

P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, and D. Nesset, “Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 8–14, 2012.
[Crossref]

Y. Nakayama, H. Uzawa, D. Hisano, H. Ujikawa, H. Nakamura, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Efficient DWBA algorithm for TWDM-PON with mobile fronthaul in 5G networks,” in IEEE Global Communications Conf. (GLOBECOM), Singapore, 2017.

Nakayama, Y.

Y. Nakayama, H. Uzawa, D. Hisano, H. Ujikawa, H. Nakamura, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Efficient DWBA algorithm for TWDM-PON with mobile fronthaul in 5G networks,” in IEEE Global Communications Conf. (GLOBECOM), Singapore, 2017.

Nesset, D.

P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, and D. Nesset, “Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 8–14, 2012.
[Crossref]

Nirmalatha, A.

H. Ranaweera, E. Wong, C. Lim, and A. Nirmalatha, “Next generation optical-wireless converged network architectures,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 22–27, 2012.
[Crossref]

Okonkwo, C.

Otaka, A.

Y. Nakayama, H. Uzawa, D. Hisano, H. Ujikawa, H. Nakamura, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Efficient DWBA algorithm for TWDM-PON with mobile fronthaul in 5G networks,” in IEEE Global Communications Conf. (GLOBECOM), Singapore, 2017.

Park, K.

K. Park and W. Willinger, Self-Similar Network Traffic and Performance Evaluation, Wiley, 2000.

Payne, D.

P. Alvarez, N. Marchetti, D. Payne, and M. Ruffini, “Backhauling mobile systems with XG-PON using grouped assured bandwidth,” in 19th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), Milano, Italy, 2014.

Peng, G.

Y. Luo, X. Zhou, F. Effenberger, X. Yan, G. Peng, Y. Qian, and Y. Ma, “Time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network (TWDM-PON) for next generation PON stage 2 (NG-PON2),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 4, pp. 587–593, 2012.
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, and F. Effenberger, “Demonstration of a 40  Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system,” in OFC/NFOEC, Mar.2012.

Pickavet, M.

B. Dixit, D. Lannoo, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation with optimal wavelength switching in TWDM-PONs,” in 17th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July2015.

Potemans, J.

J. Potemans, B. Van den Broeck, J. Theunis, P. Leys, E. Van Lil, and A. Van de Capelle, “A tunable discrete traffic generator based on a hierarchical scheme of Bernoulli sources,” in Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Anchorage, Alaska, May2003.

Qian, Y.

Y. Luo, X. Zhou, F. Effenberger, X. Yan, G. Peng, Y. Qian, and Y. Ma, “Time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network (TWDM-PON) for next generation PON stage 2 (NG-PON2),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 4, pp. 587–593, 2012.
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, and F. Effenberger, “Demonstration of a 40  Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system,” in OFC/NFOEC, Mar.2012.

Ranaweera, H.

H. Ranaweera, E. Wong, C. Lim, and A. Nirmalatha, “Next generation optical-wireless converged network architectures,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 22–27, 2012.
[Crossref]

Ruffini, M.

P. Alvarez, N. Marchetti, and M. Ruffini, “Evaluating dynamic bandwidth allocation of virtualized passive optical networks over mobile traffic traces,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  8, no. 3, pp. 129–136, 2016.
[Crossref]

P. Alvarez, N. Marchetti, D. Payne, and M. Ruffini, “Backhauling mobile systems with XG-PON using grouped assured bandwidth,” in 19th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), Milano, Italy, 2014.

Solina, P.

N. Angelopoulos, P. Solina, and J. D. Angelopoulos, “The IST-GIANT project (GIgaPON Access NeTwork),” in 7th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Darmstadt, Germany, June2002.

Su, S.

H. Wang, S. Su, R. Gu, and Y. Ji, “A minimum wavelength tuning scheme for dynamic wavelength assignment in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2015.

H. Wang, S. Su, R. Gu, and Y. Ji, “A minimum wavelength tuning scheme for dynamic wavelength assignment in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks, July2015.

Sun, W.

Tangdiongga, E.

Terada, J.

Y. Nakayama, H. Uzawa, D. Hisano, H. Ujikawa, H. Nakamura, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Efficient DWBA algorithm for TWDM-PON with mobile fronthaul in 5G networks,” in IEEE Global Communications Conf. (GLOBECOM), Singapore, 2017.

Theunis, J.

J. Potemans, B. Van den Broeck, J. Theunis, P. Leys, E. Van Lil, and A. Van de Capelle, “A tunable discrete traffic generator based on a hierarchical scheme of Bernoulli sources,” in Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Anchorage, Alaska, May2003.

Tornatore, M.

A. Buttaboni, M. D. Andrade, and M. Tornatore, “A multi-threaded dynamic bandwidth and wavelength allocation scheme with void filling for long reach WDM/TDM PONs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 8, pp. 1149–1157, Apr.2013.
[Crossref]

A. Buttaboni, M. De Andrade, and M. Tornatore, “Dynamic bandwidth and wavelength allocation with coexistence of transmission technologies in TWDM PONs,” in 6th Int. Symp. on Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning, Sept.2014.

Tran, N.-C.

Ujikawa, H.

Y. Nakayama, H. Uzawa, D. Hisano, H. Ujikawa, H. Nakamura, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Efficient DWBA algorithm for TWDM-PON with mobile fronthaul in 5G networks,” in IEEE Global Communications Conf. (GLOBECOM), Singapore, 2017.

Uzawa, H.

Y. Nakayama, H. Uzawa, D. Hisano, H. Ujikawa, H. Nakamura, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Efficient DWBA algorithm for TWDM-PON with mobile fronthaul in 5G networks,” in IEEE Global Communications Conf. (GLOBECOM), Singapore, 2017.

Valcarenghi, L.

A. Marotta, K. Kondepu, D. Cassioli, C. Antonelli, L. M. Correia, and L. Valcarenghi, “Software defined 5G converged access as a viable techno-economic solution,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conf. and Exposition (OFC), San Diego, California, 2018.

M. P. I. Dias, E. Wong, P. V. Dung, and L. Valcarenghi, “Offline energy-efficient dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation algorithm for TWDM-PONs, in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), June2015.

Van de Capelle, A.

J. Potemans, B. Van den Broeck, J. Theunis, P. Leys, E. Van Lil, and A. Van de Capelle, “A tunable discrete traffic generator based on a hierarchical scheme of Bernoulli sources,” in Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Anchorage, Alaska, May2003.

Van den Broeck, B.

J. Potemans, B. Van den Broeck, J. Theunis, P. Leys, E. Van Lil, and A. Van de Capelle, “A tunable discrete traffic generator based on a hierarchical scheme of Bernoulli sources,” in Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Anchorage, Alaska, May2003.

Van Lil, E.

J. Potemans, B. Van den Broeck, J. Theunis, P. Leys, E. Van Lil, and A. Van de Capelle, “A tunable discrete traffic generator based on a hierarchical scheme of Bernoulli sources,” in Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Anchorage, Alaska, May2003.

Veen, D. V.

E. Harstead, D. V. Veen, and P. Vetter, “Technologies for NGPON2: Why I think 40G TDM PON (XLG-PON) is the clear winner,” in OFC/NFOEC, Mar.2012.

Vetter, P.

E. Harstead, D. V. Veen, and P. Vetter, “Technologies for NGPON2: Why I think 40G TDM PON (XLG-PON) is the clear winner,” in OFC/NFOEC, Mar.2012.

Wang, H.

H. Wang, S. Su, R. Gu, and Y. Ji, “A minimum wavelength tuning scheme for dynamic wavelength assignment in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2015.

H. Wang, Y. Liang, R. Gu, Y. Ji, Y. Ma, C. Zhang, and X. Wang, “LP-DWBA: A DWBA algorithm based on linear prediction in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2015.

H. Wang, S. Su, R. Gu, and Y. Ji, “A minimum wavelength tuning scheme for dynamic wavelength assignment in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks, July2015.

Wang, R.

R. Wang, H. H. Lee, S. S. Lee, and B. Mukherjee, “Energy saving via dynamic wavelength sharing in TWDM-PON,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  32, no. 8, pp. 1566–1574, 2014.
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

H. Wang, Y. Liang, R. Gu, Y. Ji, Y. Ma, C. Zhang, and X. Wang, “LP-DWBA: A DWBA algorithm based on linear prediction in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2015.

Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, and F. Effenberger, “Demonstration of a 40  Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system,” in OFC/NFOEC, Mar.2012.

Wei, W.

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39-dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 644–647, 2013.
[Crossref]

Willinger, W.

K. Park and W. Willinger, Self-Similar Network Traffic and Performance Evaluation, Wiley, 2000.

Wong, E.

H. Ranaweera, E. Wong, C. Lim, and A. Nirmalatha, “Next generation optical-wireless converged network architectures,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 22–27, 2012.
[Crossref]

M. P. I. Dias, E. Wong, P. V. Dung, and L. Valcarenghi, “Offline energy-efficient dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation algorithm for TWDM-PONs, in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), June2015.

Xu, S.

L. Zhou, Z. Xu, Q. Huang, X. Cheng, Y.-K. Yeo, and S. Xu, “A passive optical network with shared transceivers for dynamical resource allocation,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  61, no. 4, pp. 1554–1561, Apr.2013.
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

L. Zhou, Z. Xu, Q. Huang, X. Cheng, Y.-K. Yeo, and S. Xu, “A passive optical network with shared transceivers for dynamical resource allocation,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  61, no. 4, pp. 1554–1561, Apr.2013.
[Crossref]

Yan, X.

Y. Luo, X. Zhou, F. Effenberger, X. Yan, G. Peng, Y. Qian, and Y. Ma, “Time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network (TWDM-PON) for next generation PON stage 2 (NG-PON2),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 4, pp. 587–593, 2012.
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, and F. Effenberger, “Demonstration of a 40  Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system,” in OFC/NFOEC, Mar.2012.

Yang, H.

Ye, F.

J. Zhang, N. Ansari, Y. Luo, F. Effenberger, and F. Ye, “Next-generation PONs: A performance investigation of candidate architectures for next-generation access stage 1,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 8, pp. 49–57, 2009.
[Crossref]

Yeo, Y.-K.

L. Zhou, Z. Xu, Q. Huang, X. Cheng, Y.-K. Yeo, and S. Xu, “A passive optical network with shared transceivers for dynamical resource allocation,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  61, no. 4, pp. 1554–1561, Apr.2013.
[Crossref]

Yi, L.

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39-dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 644–647, 2013.
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, and F. Effenberger, “Demonstration of a 40  Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system,” in OFC/NFOEC, Mar.2012.

Zhang, C.

H. Wang, Y. Liang, R. Gu, Y. Ji, Y. Ma, C. Zhang, and X. Wang, “LP-DWBA: A DWBA algorithm based on linear prediction in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2015.

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, N. Ansari, Y. Luo, F. Effenberger, and F. Ye, “Next-generation PONs: A performance investigation of candidate architectures for next-generation access stage 1,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 8, pp. 49–57, 2009.
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

X. Hu, X. Chen, Z. Zhang, and J. Bei, “Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in flexible TWDM optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol.  18, no. 12, pp. 2113–2116, 2014.
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

L. Zhou, Z. Xu, Q. Huang, X. Cheng, Y.-K. Yeo, and S. Xu, “A passive optical network with shared transceivers for dynamical resource allocation,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  61, no. 4, pp. 1554–1561, Apr.2013.
[Crossref]

Zhou, X.

Y. Luo, X. Zhou, F. Effenberger, X. Yan, G. Peng, Y. Qian, and Y. Ma, “Time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network (TWDM-PON) for next generation PON stage 2 (NG-PON2),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 4, pp. 587–593, 2012.
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, and F. Effenberger, “Demonstration of a 40  Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system,” in OFC/NFOEC, Mar.2012.

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

X. Hu, X. Chen, Z. Zhang, and J. Bei, “Dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation in flexible TWDM optical access network,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol.  18, no. 12, pp. 2113–2116, 2014.
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

J. Zhang, N. Ansari, Y. Luo, F. Effenberger, and F. Ye, “Next-generation PONs: A performance investigation of candidate architectures for next-generation access stage 1,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 8, pp. 49–57, 2009.
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

R. Wang, H. H. Lee, S. S. Lee, and B. Mukherjee, “Energy saving via dynamic wavelength sharing in TWDM-PON,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  32, no. 8, pp. 1566–1574, 2014.
[Crossref]

IEEE Netw. (2)

P. Chanclou, A. Cui, F. Geilhardt, H. Nakamura, and D. Nesset, “Network operator requirements for the next generation of optical access networks,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 8–14, 2012.
[Crossref]

H. Ranaweera, E. Wong, C. Lim, and A. Nirmalatha, “Next generation optical-wireless converged network architectures,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 22–27, 2012.
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39-dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 644–647, 2013.
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

L. Zhou, Z. Xu, Q. Huang, X. Cheng, Y.-K. Yeo, and S. Xu, “A passive optical network with shared transceivers for dynamical resource allocation,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  61, no. 4, pp. 1554–1561, Apr.2013.
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (3)

Other (24)

“10-gigabit-capable passive optical networks (XG-PON): Transmission convergence (TC) specifications,” , Oct.2010.

P. Alvarez, N. Marchetti, D. Payne, and M. Ruffini, “Backhauling mobile systems with XG-PON using grouped assured bandwidth,” in 19th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), Milano, Italy, 2014.

H. Wang, S. Su, R. Gu, and Y. Ji, “A minimum wavelength tuning scheme for dynamic wavelength assignment in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2015.

H. Wang, Y. Liang, R. Gu, Y. Ji, Y. Ma, C. Zhang, and X. Wang, “LP-DWBA: A DWBA algorithm based on linear prediction in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN), 2015.

M. P. I. Dias, E. Wong, P. V. Dung, and L. Valcarenghi, “Offline energy-efficient dynamic wavelength and bandwidth allocation algorithm for TWDM-PONs, in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), June2015.

GIgaPON Access NeTwork Project [Online]. Available: https://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/61161/factsheet/it .

N. Angelopoulos, P. Solina, and J. D. Angelopoulos, “The IST-GIANT project (GIgaPON Access NeTwork),” in 7th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications, Darmstadt, Germany, June2002.

E. Harstead, D. V. Veen, and P. Vetter, “Technologies for NGPON2: Why I think 40G TDM PON (XLG-PON) is the clear winner,” in OFC/NFOEC, Mar.2012.

Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, and F. Effenberger, “Demonstration of a 40  Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system,” in OFC/NFOEC, Mar.2012.

FSAN Group [Online]. Available: http://www.fsan.org .

Next Generation PON Evolution [Online]. Available: https://www.huawei.com .

“Nokia Next Generation PON” [Online]. Available: https://www.finnet.fi/app/uploads/2016/11/Finnet-Nokia-Speed-and-Convergence-November-2-2016.pdf .

A. Marotta, K. Kondepu, D. Cassioli, C. Antonelli, L. M. Correia, and L. Valcarenghi, “Software defined 5G converged access as a viable techno-economic solution,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conf. and Exposition (OFC), San Diego, California, 2018.

Y. Nakayama, H. Uzawa, D. Hisano, H. Ujikawa, H. Nakamura, J. Terada, and A. Otaka, “Efficient DWBA algorithm for TWDM-PON with mobile fronthaul in 5G networks,” in IEEE Global Communications Conf. (GLOBECOM), Singapore, 2017.

“10-gigabit-capable passive optical networks (XG-PON): General requirements,” , Jan.2010.

B. Dixit, D. Lannoo, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation with optimal wavelength switching in TWDM-PONs,” in 17th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July2015.

H. Wang, S. Su, R. Gu, and Y. Ji, “A minimum wavelength tuning scheme for dynamic wavelength assignment in TWDM-PON,” in 14th Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks, July2015.

A. Buttaboni, M. De Andrade, and M. Tornatore, “Dynamic bandwidth and wavelength allocation with coexistence of transmission technologies in TWDM PONs,” in 6th Int. Symp. on Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning, Sept.2014.

“Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (G-PON): Transmission convergence layer specification,” , Mar.2008.

K. Park and W. Willinger, Self-Similar Network Traffic and Performance Evaluation, Wiley, 2000.

J. Potemans, B. Van den Broeck, J. Theunis, P. Leys, E. Van Lil, and A. Van de Capelle, “A tunable discrete traffic generator based on a hierarchical scheme of Bernoulli sources,” in Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Anchorage, Alaska, May2003.

Y.-S. Ho and H. J. Kim, “Advances in multimedia information processing–PCM,” in 6th Pacific-Rim Conf. on Multimedia (Part II), Jeju Island, South Korea, Nov.2005.

Bellcore BCpAug89 trace results available in the Internet Traffic Archive, ftp://ita.ee.IbI.gov/html/traces.html .

“40-gigabit-capable passive optical networks (NG-PON2): Transmission convergence layer specification,” , 2015.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Illustration of the proposed wavelength allocation strategy.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Adopted polling cycle scheme.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Measured throughput per wavelength for fixed and adaptive polling.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Fixed and adaptive polling cycles’ response to increasing network load.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Network throughput comparison between fixed and adaptive polling cycles.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Average queue length for four T-CONTs.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Comparison of end-to-end delay for four T-CONTs.

Tables (6)

Tables Icon

TABLE II Example of Distribution of Remaining ONUs to Residual Wavelengths

Tables Icon

TABLE III DBA Algorithm Parameter Notations

Tables Icon

TABLE IV Simulation Parameters

Tables Icon

TABLE V Bernoulli Sources for Self-Similar Traffic

Tables Icon

TABLE VI Scheme Performance Comparison

Equations (25)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Num i n j : { Num 1 n λ , Num 2 n λ , , Num p n λ ; i = 1 , 2 , , p ; j = 1 , 2 , , n λ } .
R i req = Q i R i .
T eqd = T R T + T Up _ pro _ del + T Down _ pro _ del ,
R M = C avail l K l ,
R i = R F , for T - CONT 1 ,
R i = { R F , if R i req < R F R i req , otherwise , for T - CONT 2 ,
R i = { R F , if R i req < R F R i req , if R F < R i req < R M R M , otherwise , for T - CONTs 3 , 4 .
R total l = i K l R i ,
R rem l = C avail l R total l .
R i = Min { R i + R rem l K NA l + K BE l , R M } , i { χ A B = NA or BE } .
R total req = i K l R i req ,
R min _ avail l = ( T eqd 125 μs 1 ) × F one .
T DBA _ proc l = { T min _ proc l , ( R total req < R min _ avail l ) T min _ proc l + T extra l , ( R total req > R min _ avail l ) .
T min _ proc l = T eqd 125 μs × 125 μs T eqd ,
T extra l = 125 μs × ( M asked l M min l ) .
M asked l = R total l F one ,
M min l = T eqd 125 μs 1 .
R i = { R F , if R i req < R F R i req , otherwise , for T - CONT .
R i = Min { R i + R rem l K NA l + K BE l + K Non l , R M } , i { χ A B = A l l } .
X m ( j ) = 1 m k = m ( j 1 ) + 1 m j X ( k ) .
Var ( X m ( j ) ) = Var ( X ( k ) ) m β .
S i ( k ) = { N i , with probability p i 0 , with probability 1 p i .
N i 2 Var ( S i ( k ) ) .
p i = 1 ± 1 4 Var ( S i ( k ) ) N i 2 2 .
Mean ( X ( k ) ) Mean ( X ˜ ( k ) ) = i = 1 N N i p i .